Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, October 16, 1879, Image 1

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    £ljr Centre t&k Democrat,
NlllJGKltT A FOKSTKIt, Editor*,
Site (Cmlrt
Terms SI.AO per Annum, in Advance.
8. T. SHUQERT snd R. H. FORSTER, Editors.
Thursday Morning, October 16, 1879.
Democratic State Ticket.
DANIKL <l. HARK, Allegheny county.
Democratic County Ticket.
JOHN SHANNON, of l'ottcr.
l)r. JOSEPH ADAMS, of Milesburg.
IN his Brooklyn speech Mr. Conk
ling hud much to say about the shot
gun iu Mississippi. Strange to say be
bud uot a single word to utter about
the shot-gun at Cnnonchet.
SOME miscreants broke into the
Catholic church at Lancaster, on Sun
day last, and turned things up gener
ally in search of plunder. The <>uly
article of value they obtained was a
gilded chalice valued at 875.
AT a recent Republican meeting, in
the city of Brooklyn, Cotikling and
Bcecher were the chief orators of the
evening. Conkling made an outrage
ously malignant attack upon the peo
ple of the South, and Bcecher an
elaborate defeucc of machine politics.
Coukling, Bcecher! Bcecher, Cotik
ling! I'ar nobile fratrum!
of Harper' Weekly, has resigned his
jxisitiou a* Chairman of the Republi
can Committee for Richmond county,
New York. He thinks the nomina
tion of Cornell was one not tit to lie
made, and therefore can not receive his
support. Many pother iudependent
Republicans entertain the same senti
BEN. BUTLER defines the kind of
Democracy be espouses now, thusly :
" What is Democracy ? The right of
the people to govern themselves, to
have their own ballots and to make
their own laws, to have the equal pro
tection of these laws everywhere ou
earth." This is a brood, comprehen
sive creed, and if Bcti stands upon it
in good faith, no Democrat ought to
object to"his being elected Governor
of Massachusetts, where the people
are so much in need of just such prin
ciples in the administration of their
Btntc affairs.
MR. POOL, the late Republican Sen
ator front North Carolina, recently
ntadc a speech in Baltimore, at a
meeting of Southern representatives,
in which he denounced the project of
creating a solid North in the selection
and election of n Presidential candi
date. It is said the ex-Senator will
shortly issue an open letter to the Re
publicans of the South embodying his
views, aud urging all representatives
• in the South to vote against any can
didate for the Presidency nominated
on the idea of a solid North, justly
taking the position that if a solid
South is to lie condemned, a solid
North cannot lie justified or defended.
CAPTAIN DoixiE'a swift march,
remarks an exchange, to the relief of
his comrades lielcaguered by the hos
tile Utes deserves our warmest praise.
It is on occasions like this, when an
officer is left to his own judgment and
resources, that the highest soldierly
qualities are best exhibited or the
lack of them most painfully shown.
It is the true genius of war which
dictates such movements in the ab
sence of orders. To march toward
the sound of the cannon, to hasten to
the relief of a friendly command in
danger —these are the golden opportu
nities of one having an independent
command, however small, within
reach of the scene of action. Many
officers in Captain Dodge's place
would have waited for orders. He
has made a splendid record hy taking
the responsibility. And due honor
should not be forgotten for the colored
soldiers who so bravely followed their
gallant captain.
"Two Senators.''
Under this heading the New York
Journal of Commerce very happily
draws a parallel between the partisan
speech of Senator t'oukling, in IJrook-
Jyu, on Wednesday evening last, and
the sjieech the next day delivered by
Senator Gordon, in upon
occasion of the tins per centennial. As
the./our/iaf says: "The Northern Sen
ator, in his speech, was nothing if not
sectional and the representative of a
party. The Southern Senator repu
diated sectionalism with great vehe
mence and eloquence, and said not
one word to identify himself with any
|>olitiral organization." "Mr. Conk
ling," says the Journal, ",-ank far be
neath the level to which a man of his
pretensions should have risen in dis
cussing campaign issues." The Geor
gia Senator, on the other hand, "took
and easily kept the high table-land
of patriotic thought which so many
American statesmen —Senator Conk
ling chief among them —long ago de
serted." Our New York contcmpura
ry adds :
"Senator Gordon calls the Federal
conHtitution 'the omnipotent arbiter
from which there is no appeal.' lie
prays for a 'broad patriotism, broad as
the republic itself.' He says: Ood
speed the day when the iraxim, "This
is my country, all my country—eve-y
section, every Stnte, every acre of soil
over which the flag of the republic
floats—shall be embraced by the Amer
ican freeman." It is said that the part
of his address containing these pas.
sionate words of devotion to the I'nion
'elicited the most vociferous and pro
longed applnue.' How is this? Sena
tor Conkling, in a speech totally de
void of patriotic enthusiasm, told his
hearers in effect that the I'nion is hat
ed at the South, that State rights are ns
rampant there as ever in the days be
fore secession, that the ex rebels hav
ing failed to destroy the republic by
war, are now seeking to capture and
control 4 with a view of upsetting all
that the war had settler), as we had
fondly supposed. He declares that the
national finances, proj>erity, economv,
safety, light and justice are all imper
iled by these bold, unscrupulous South
erner*. And, for answer to all this
sound and furv, the men of Georgia,
15,000 or 20,000 strong, stood out in the
burning Wi on Thu-sduy and frantic
ally applauded every allusion of their
distinguished Senator to the flag and
the perpetuity of the I'nion."
TUB very astute and sagacious alit
or of the ll'alrhnuin infers front our
brief article of lat week, that we are
dissatisfied with the action of the late
I-temocratic County Convention, and
have "come out flat-footed for Han
cock," insinuating that we have "heard
from somelnxly" on the subject. To
relieve the fears of the Watchman, how
ever uiiini|*ortnnt it may be to do so, we
may lie permitted to state, that while
speaking npprovingly of our distin
guished Pentisy Iranians, Hancock
and Black, for whom we have the
highest regard |ersonally and polit
ieally, we do not overlook the merits
and claims of the other distinguished
men mentioned for the Presiden
tial nomination; and whether it is
Mr. Tilden, Mr. Heiidrii k-, Mr. Thur
nian, Mr. Bayard, Mr. Black, Gen.
Hancock, or our own distinguished
and talented Wallace, we shall lie
equally satisfied, and contribute as
much as in.ua lies to the success of the
candidate nominated. In a word, we
are for the nominee of the Democratic
National Convention, and no other.
When the representatives of the lX*tn
ocralie party meet in convention and
give ua a standard hearer, we shall
support him whether it ia Tilden or any
other one of the able and worthy men
names). Of one thing our friend of
the Watchman may lie assured, when
the proper representatives of the |*rty
have acted and selected (he candidate,
we shall not net up our judgment
against theirs, and labor for the tut****
of the oppoeition, even if the candidate
is not the one we prefer, or not the
one whose nomination and election
would inure to our pertonal interest.
We hope we are now understood.
THE people of Washington Territo
ry arc making arrangements to apply
for admission to the Union as a State.
They have held a eon vent ion and
formed a constitution with that object
in view,
The Ohio Election.
Ou Tuesday last the people of Ohio
voted for State officers and for mem
bers of the State legislature. The
result has been unfavorable to the
Democrats. Enough is kuown at this
writing to assure the election of t.'hus.
Foster, tin- discreet stny-at-honie-Rc
publican, for Governor, by a consid
erable majority, over the gallant Gen.
Thomas Ewing, the soldier-statesman
and Democrat.* The legislature of
the State, upon which depends the
election of a successor to Senntor
Thurmau in the Senate of the United
States, though claimed by the Repub
licans, may still be considered in doubt.
Wo bud strongly hoped for a different
result iu Ohio; yet, considering the
odds that were against the Democrats
in this contest, anything better would
indeed have been somewhat surprising.
Iu an even contest Gens. Ewing and
Rice, and the entire Democratic State
ticket would undoubtedly have been
elected by handsome majorities. Hut
with the vast and far-reaching powet
of the present Federal administration
of fraud ; with the power of the thou
sands upon thousands of dollars ex
acts! from 91,000 dependent place
men with which to buy up a venal j
vote, large iu the great centres of
population; with the power of op
pression exerted bv Federal revenue j
officials u|xin distillers, brewers, man- '
ufacturers of tobacco and their nu- j
merous employes and dcpcndcut*; I
with the |Kwer of corporate capital I
fighting thcu —with ull this aggregate i
of force thrown into the scale to over- j
balance our Democratic friends and
allies, we painfully realize that it was
almost too much to hope for a latter
This result in Ohio is but another
evidence of the effective power of the
Federal government, under existing
laws and present methods of admin
istration, when it chooses to interest
itself in the concerns of the jtcoplc of
the States. This election was solely a '
Htnte affair, in which "the powers that
la*" at Washington had no business
whatever to interfere. It was a mat
ter for the voters of Ohio to decide
for themselves, and had they been left
free to so decide it, nn entirely differ
ent verdict would have been recorded
on last Tuesday. Of coui-se there
must be acquiescence iu the deter
mined result. But how long will this
thing last ? How- long shnll this un
warranted and unjustifiable interfer
ence with local affairs continue? Will
it continue until the last vestige of
local self-government is oblitcraU-d
and the people of the States become !
the mere vassal* of a great centralized
|>ow-er at Washington? Is Pennsyl
vania the next State to lie throttled by
outside force ? Is her will to Ih> set aside
in the same manner? What cotncs
next ? Is it the Empire with a silent
man at its head? If this theory of
our Federal government is correct, in
God's name, let us at once wipe out
State lines, abolish local governments,
dismiss from service State Governors-
Legislature* and Courts. Instead of
governing ourselves, let us lie governed
from the top at oncband lie done with
it. The jieople are nothing! the gov
ernment is everything! this is the
ultimate end of radical teaching
and stalwart practice. Fellow-citizcns,
think of these things, and, as you
value the liberty of your country and
your own peace, prosperity and happi
ness, determine at once whether you
shall rule, or whether you shall be the
mere, puppets of a centralised des
To judge from the way a majority
of the people of Ohio vote, a Union
Brigadier is of no more account in
that State than that terrible fellow
known as the Confederate Brigadier.
The stalwart Buckeyes seem to hate
the one as much as they do the other.
CALICO CHARLKY is his name. The
Union Brigadier was no where. Ob,
how we do love the Union soldier!
Tho Grand Democratic Rally.
I Tho mooting nf tho Democracy of On
| tro county, t tho Court House, in Hollo
(unto, on Tuesday evening, was in all ro-
I nj-octs a brilliant success. In point of
numbers it exceeded all expectations, and
the words of statesmanlike wisdom ad
dressed to the assembled masses by tho
j three able and distinguished gentlemen
who appeared before them were in every
way worthy of the occasion. It is seldom
, indeed that three such speeches are heard
! by one audience. Free of all passion
and prejudice, they were ca'.m, dignified
j and logical appeals to reason, judgment
and patriotism. The s<sd thus wisely and
judiciously sown should not fail to bring
j forth much fruit. It would be wrong to
say that no efforts were made to insure
a good turnout. Mr. Kortncy, the door
man of the county committee, had dc
) terniined in advance that the meeting
should be a good one. In his work he was
well seconded by a number of other active
Democrats of Bellefonte, and most nobly
j did town and country resjsjnd to their calls,
i Spring, Bonner and Walker were well rep.
j resented. But that was not all. We no.
ticed many ardent friends of the good
cause present from Boggs, College, Fergu
son, Howard, t'nionville, Potter, Palton,
Milesburg, and even from distant Penn.
Other districts were probably also repre
sented. This augurs well for the future
of the party in Centre county. Musics
was furnished by three brass bands— j
Bellefonte, Zion and Pleasant Gap— which ;
added much to the life of the meeting by I
i their eicellent music.
Promptly at half-past seven o'clock the
meeting was called to order by Chairman '
Kortney and on motion, the Hon. Cyrus
T. Alexander was <-lerU*l President. On
taking the chair Senator Alexander made
an <%< eedingly neat and appropriate h,
returning thanks for the honor and pre
dicting the rich treat in store for those
present from the distinguished gentlemen
who would address them. The organiza
tion was completed by the sclertfbn of
|ho following gentlemen to act as Vice-
Presidents and Secretaries. Vice Presi
dents Alexander Kerr, of Potter town
ship , Gottlieb Haag, of Npring township,
O. W. Williams, of Harris township Dr
J. K. Smith, of Ferguson township; B. F.
Shaffer, of Walker township; Michael
(trove of College township ; K. H Carr, of
Milesburg; 15. F. Hunter,ofliennertown- j
ship; Daniel A Musser, of Penn town
ship ; and William Carson, of Potter
township. Secretaries Maj. K. H Fos
ter, Joseph W. Furey, and Frcd'k Kurtz
The chair then appointed John A Wood
ward, of Howard township, John A. Hoop,
of College, and John Shannon, of Potter, a
committee to wait upon the speakers, in
form them of the organization of the j
meeting and request their presence. I'pon :
the return of the committee, with Sena
tor Wallace, Hon. George A. Jenks, and .
Kx-Gov Curtin, they were received with
loud and hearty demonstrations of applause
President Alexander then introduced the
Hon. George A. Jenks, of Jefferson county,
as the first speaker of the evening, saying
that Mr. Jenks was a gentleman who had
made a fine record in Congress, not as a
politician but as a statesman.
Mr. Jenk* stepped forward and was
greeted with applause. It would be futile
to attempt to give his excellent speech en
lire. He referred to the willingness of all
people to enter the recent war for the de
fence of country, thusshowing theTolcanic
power of the nation in such emergencies.
That, not men but, principles should enlist
our support. Ilarr, the representative of
the Democratic party, i' an excellent man
personally, and a representative of posi
tive, good principles. Of Butler, ( ht* op
ponent, little is known, and the party he
supports is at present without settled prin
ciple*. He demonstrated clearly and con
clusively that the general course of the
Democratic party tended towards good
results in government. He illustrated this
point by the Mississippi river, which
though sometimes it flows north, yet iU
general tendency is south, so tho Demo
cratic party might bo turned into a wrong
direction for a short period, but the general
flow was toward* the right. The onurte of
the Republican party towards a monarchi
cal form of government was illustrated by
reference to a pyramid, which, If placed
point downward, must be supported on
each tida, just as standing armlea, empty
titles, Ac., must support a monarchy. All
the efforts of the Democratic party have
lieen devoted to the preservation of liberty
of person and private property. They had
opposed the granting of money unneces
sarily. Kvery repeal had been met by
vetoes, but still they had their effect before
the public. Republicans said the mode of
re|iaHng laws was revolutionary, but such
persons never studied Rngllsh history, at
every liberty Kngland possesses to-day
proceeded from the lower House of I'ar
! liament. He referred to nn experience of
t hisown in Colfax, Grant parish, Louisiana,
in one of the many attempts of Republi
cans to manufacture political capital.
, I wo sets of officers—one white and one
colored wore appointed by Gov. Kellogg,
i neither of which know of the existence of
the other. A* a result a riot occurred to
j obtain power, by which fifty-three |sjrson*
were killed, among them Wflliam Ward,
leader of the Colored men, the infamous
j Kellogg boasting that the death of every
! negro was worth fifty thousand votes to
the Republican party in the North. Such
-lories bad their effect upon the North,
although happilly tho Southern negro is
I beginning to discover the true gnav
| cry of the party which pretends to be
j bis friend. He showed that the Demo
crat* have more claim than Republican*
in bringing alsmt good times, by romono
ti/.ation of silver, and $20,030/JOO saved
: in !at Congress, which measures received
; the two-thirds vote of Democrat* and not
i more than four or five Republican voles.
Rut the strongest reason for our prosperity
is found in enforced economy and abund
ant crojMi against tin; famine prevailing in
Kurojev Ho speech throughout wa* log
ical and convincing.
The second speaker, Hon. William A
\N allace, of Clearfield county, was then
introduced as a distinguished leader of
the Democratic ('arty for years, in return
for which Mr. Wallace, after the applause
which greeted hitn had sulaided. returned
thanks to his nnjhtxiri, as he termed bis
Centre county audience, for tbe earnest
and unwavering support he had received
from them during his long arid ardu
ous career. He plunged at once into a
true exposition of the centralizing ten
d- nciea of the lb-publican parly, and of
the dangers that menace tbe liU-rti'-s of
the people by tfie unwarranted and uncon
stitutional exercise of Federal power over
their home concerns. This is a govern
ment of the people, by the people and
for the people and government should
therefore be from tho bottom and
not from the top. The individual is the
unit and not the State. He said that
the present issue is whether the indi
vidual is superior to Stale, or State superi
or to tbe individual. It it the old 'juration
of Federalism and Republicanism. From
this be j.asod to a consideration of the
benefits which had been derivid from the
extra session of Congress—that it had
brought the people back to elementary
thought. He referred to the testimony of
George C Gorhain, late Republican Secre
tary of the Senate that there are 91,000 of
fice holders, all contributing their money j
and working in every possible way for the '
Republican party. The postmaster in
every hamlet and town is but an emissary j
of the party to distribute document* I
He disagreed with tbe plea of the Senator |
from Maine that the troops at the polls
are not to be feared. For, although only
130 are placed in Pennsylvania, they have
the majesty of the government at* their
backs, and no man dare resist arrest. ]
Federal power has so increased in tbe Su- ;
preme Court that from 1875 to '7B the cases i
increased from 294 to 1524, while there was
a corre*j.nding increase of onlv about one-
. the business and population of the
country Federal elm-lion lawseeem to be
the apple in the eve of Republicans upon
which they iVjiend to keep them in power.
The Federal government can rightfully
exercise no power* except such as have
been expoP**]y delegated to it. With
regard to finances, it is the policy of
the Ih-mocratic Jarty to control tbe enor
mous national debt for the benefit of the
people and not for syndicates and bankers.
Without remonetization of silver by the
Democratic party, the resumption scheme,
of which the Republicans are inclined to
boast, would have been a dead letter. He
agreed with the former speaker in the
causes which brought about the great
financial depression, and showed plainly
how increaeed labor, making two blades
of grass grow where one was before pro
duced, the reduction in our imports of
$237,000,000, the return of our bonds, re
duced expenses and demand for surplus
production abroad, contribute to make the
sunlight of prosperity again touch the hill
tops. But what if in future years circum
stances are reversed, and there is no de
mand abroad for our production, where
will ntsr market be ? Should it not he
found in the direction of the course of our
rivers? Should it not follow the broad
flow of the Mississippi? Then, should we
not do all in our power to spread the doc
trine of the Democratic party, "Peace and
Unity?" Instead of the opposing doctrine
of the Republicans, "Division and Dis
traction ?'" The broad and sunny South
lie* unformed, and the North is forced to
bar tho burden of taxation alone. A feel
ing of selflshness, If nothing else, should
impel us to do our utmost to extend to the
South tho open hand of friendship.
Touching upon State politic*, bo dwelt
with considerable sarcasm upon its record
under Republican administration for the
last fifteen years. It is said by some that
Democrats would do no bettor if In power,
but this is begging the question, as the
proper action under such circumstances is
to put out those who are doing wrong and
to substitute others. To elect Butler will
be but to continue in tbe old ruts, while to
vote for Barr will contribute correspond
ingly toward a change for good. He rela.
tad manv of the experiences he recently
had in Massachusetts and Hkode Island,
one Instance particularly In the former
cultured Klala where a natural IM turn paper
was granted to one Alexander Robinson,
TKHMN: X1..V1 |n*r A Mil, hi Ailtnnrr.
which document in tarn Unified that
Alexander lUxhiiutun UHX horn in the Slst/i
t of MM Much uictU. Similar instance* IT O
related in reference to Rhode Island. II
closed tiii comprehensive, thoughtful and
well-timed remark* with h trorif( <%;-<* l
U> hi audience to kupj>ort the l-h-niocretic
The audienee called f-nthu#ia*ti< ally fur
Kx-Governor Curtin, who wa introduced
and received with gr<-at applause. He
"poke of the pleasure it would give him U
I addn-#* them at length, hut mutt necs*a
rtlly be brief btcauK of the -late of hi*
health and the laU'iiea* of the hour. Hi*
brief remark" however were among the
most eloquent of the evening, bearing
principally upon that engroMung topic of
growing federal power under our j.re*-
ent rulert, and taid that tbi* had jroved
the CHUM- of the dway of every Repub
lic that ever existed. Keferrinf Ui the
war and the 7&0.000 brave men who
went down U< death through it, bo
paid a grand ascription to patriotixrn, call
ing it ilronger emotion of the human
I heart than mere Stale, but that it embrace*
| the grpßtiwt good of all the people.
To all the tpoechna the audience listened
with the most earnt aUention, and
throughout the evening until half-(ia-t U*n
when the meeting < bated, the M-BU and
aide* of the Court House were thronged.
| All in all, it wa* a glorioua meeting—
; one of the beet ever held in our Court
! House.
IN addition to Ohio, the Republi
cans have carried Iowa; but a bright
ray of light bn-ak# through the dark
I cloud in flic direction of the city of
Newark, New Jersey, where the iK'ni
ocrat- elected their city ticket by a
splendid majority. Thanks for this
comfort, slight though it lie.
Pit. F . Is. LINIIKKMAN" announces
that he will be a candidate for Con
gress in the Tenth congressional dis
trict, composed of the counties of
Northampton, Lehigh and part of
Huck.t. The doctor intends to be in
j time.
THE water in the 'VuNjuehauna
river at llarri-hurg is now lower than
it ha- been since INH'J, at which time
the lowest water mark wa- made.
IN Ohio, last Tuesday, Calico was
alwve par. and Patriotism at a big
A sererr drought it rej>orted in Vir
Juniata county claim* 500 veteran
• in# of the Lancaster iron work* will
employ 200 men within a fortnight.
There were 521 birth*, 230 marriages
and 493 death* in New York city last
Mayor Ka)loch's church in San Fran
cisco i* to give a musical entertainment
for hw benefit tbi* week.
Three out of every five people along
the "Blue Juniata" are afflicted with
the ague, say* the I'erry county Freeman.
In view of Talmage's return from
I'ngland hearties* exchanges say the
Valance of trade is not altogether in our
A tree fell on a young man named
I W ilsoti at Winlerbtirn, Clearfield coun
ty, on Tuesday last, killing him in
The Cincinnati Industrial Exhibition
closed on Saturday night. The entire
receipts give a surplus of $lO,OOO above
The Cumberland agricultural exhibi
tion was a success, pecuniarily and oth
erwise. this year, the receipts footing
up nearly $3,000.
Anthony Fuhrman, of Tyrone town
ship Terry county, wa* awarded the
first prise for the V-e#t wheat on exhibi
tion at the State Fair.
The llaltitnore Bulletin suggests that
the letters b r tie prefixed to Ctes, in
order that they may lie appropriately
designated as Brute*.
It is a rare thing to be sunstruck in
October, yet that ts what happened to
Fred Hamilton, a tank builder, at Tar
port. McKean county, last week. His
condition was alarming, but he will re
Governor Blackburn, of Kentucky,
pardon* by wholesale. He visited ttio
|>enitentiary at Frankfort the other day,
and sent away sixteen jiersons whom lie
found in prison.
The drought ha* made navigation in
the Schuylkill canal impossible, and at
diflerent points lost# arc tied up await
ing an increase of water. Between Au
burn and Leesport 400 boats are high
and dry.
At an early hour on Friday morning,
tri Carr, of Meadrille, aged forty-five
years, while under the influence of liq
uor, jumped out of a window and re
ceive" 1 injuries from which he died sooa
Chester county at last hss secured a
female lax oolleeior. The County 1
Treasurer be* eppointed Mr*, denies
liorton, of Atglen, tax collector of the
delinquent taxes of that borough for
the year 1876. The appointment wen
asked for by quite a number o( the |*o
pie of Atglen, as Mrs. Morton is a good j
business woman and can very readily
perform the duties.
NO. 12.