Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, March 06, 1879, Image 1

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®bc Centre jPf mortal.
Ttrmi tl.ftO par Annum,in Advsnos.
a. T. SHUOERT .nd R. H. FORSTER, Editor..
Thursday Morning, Maroh 6, 1879.
AT 12 o'clock on Tuesday, Mr.
Hayes had served out one-half of 8. J.
Tildeu's time in the Presidential office.
A GOOD HIT. — Nast lias U very
significant cartoon in Harper's Week
ly representing Blaine affectionately
embracing an African fellow-citizen
who has a vote, while lie turns a cold
shoulder to and scowls at Mr. John
Chinaman, who has no vote.
resigned his seat preparatory to be
coming a member of the Forty-Sixth
Congress on the 4th of March as the
successor of Mr. Stcnger. If he can
fill the position as creditably and with
as much ability, as the able gentleman
he supercedes, his district may well le
proud of her representative.
THE statement made from Washing
ton, and referred to in our last paper,
that wine was among the luxuries at
the White House reception last week,
is contradicted. Well, perhaps they
had no wine, but whether they bad or
not, no one has any right to complain
or object. Better men than Mr. Haves
have given wine in entertaining his
Counts, the pretender, who never
was elected from South Caroliun, after
pressing two years to get the scat of
Senator Butler, and did not get it, ad
dressed a letter to the Senate n few
days ago, withdrawing from further
contest. He very wisely comes to the
conclusion that if the present Senate
would not seat him, he could have no
hope of success in the one to be in
augurated on the 4th of March. He
does not care for the position or the
salary attached to it, and only desired
admission for the services he could
render to his colored constituents.
Exit Corbin.
To OBVIATE the necessity of calliog
an extra sowion of the Legislature, a
bill has been introduced and passed
the Senate creating a tribunal to count
the votes for State Treasurer and
Auditor General when the Legislature
is not in session. The Itoard will con
sist of the Governor, the President
Judge of the Dauphin District, the
President pro tern, of the Seuate, the
Speaker of the House, and four Sena
tors and six Members of the House.
The Senators and Members to be
chosen on the last Tuesday of the
present sessions by a rim roeo vote in
each House—each Senator voting
for two Members, and each Member of
the House for three Members. By
this mode of choice, each fwrty will
secure a representation in the Board.
—The failure of the Senate and
House to agree on some of the appro
priation bills, before the adjournment,
Mr. Hayes has issued his proclama
tion, calling an extra session of 46th
Congress on the 18th of March. The
ground of difference between the two
Houses is well understood, and the
responsibility for an extra session can
be fixed. The Democrats insisted upon
the repeal of the Jurors test oath law
now on our statute books by a blunder
in revision. The Republicans refused to
correct the error. The Democrats in
sisted on the repeal of the law allow
ing the presence of Federal troops at
elections, and the Republicans obsti
nately adhere to this obnoxious use of
i the military power to interfere in and
I control elections. The Democrats de
mand the repeal of the Federal elec
' lion law by which thousands of tcala
wag deputy marshals are allowed to
interfere and control the rights of all
iens, and perpetrate outrages upon the
purity of the ballot. But the Repub
licans in Congress preferred defeat to
, the appropriations, rather than repeal
these infamous measures.
THERE is a scheme on foot for the
establishment of (State schools in
Pennsylvania to instruct boys in iron
working, called industrial schools. It
would be very desirable if more en
courgement were given to educate
boys in iron working, and indeed, in
all mechanical trades and occupations
of luhor and usefulness, but we cannot
see any reason why the Slate should
be burdened with institutions of this
kind, unless it be to (tension some iron
worker, not having sufficient skill or
enterprise to conduct his own business
successfully, to a professorship under
pay of the Commonwealth. We have
a system of Common Schools, at
great cost to the State, to educate
boys, aud fit them to choose such
occupations ILS will enable them
to become useful citizens. If after
being educated by the State in the ele
ments of learning, they are not com
petent, with the advice of their pa
rents and guardians, to choose intel
ligently their occupation for useful
ness in future life, no schools estab
lished aud controlled by political su
pervision, would be effectual to in
struct them. On the contrary it
would lie expensive and manifestly
wrong, to tax the people for any such
project. It should le left to private
judgment to enter private institutions,
to secure the necessary information
and skill which the project professes
to accomplish. There would be as
great propriety in the State establish
ing schools to instruct boys iu the
practice of law, medicine, theology, as
is proposed by this bill. There is ig
norance and stupidity in these profes
sions, but these arc only exceptions.
The same result will be found in otheV
occupations, but no one will suppose
that .State schools should be establish
ed at the public expense to instruct the
incompetent or give brains to the
stupid. If our system of public ed
ucation does not stimulate the youth
to choose wisely and seek occupation
in working iron, or other industrial
pursuits, it ought to be rcmoddled and
such a system adopted as will educate
boys to lielieve that respectability can
be attained in useful labor of all
kinds. The Philadelphia JireorJ, re
ferring to this bill, says: "What is
needed is a return to the apprenticeship
system rather than the creation of
ornamental schools for iron workers.
Were it possible for Ben. Franklin to
return to earth, and be informed in
regard to the decadence of the appren
ticeship system, which his legacies for
Philadelphia and Boston were intend
ed to foster, his reflections on the
transformation would lie interesting
and instructive. Before founding any
more public schools it will be well to
reform those now in existence in such
away that all children applying for
instruction shall not be treated as
candidates for the high school, in the
face of the fact that but twelve pupils
in a thousand ever reach the goal
named. The bill which has already
passed the state senate, and is now
pending in the house, is so crude as to
show conclusively that the details of
the scheme have not been worked out
beyond a rude guess a* to the probable
cost of purchasing grounds and erect
ing buildings. It only deserves defeat."
SENATOR EDMUNDS has reported
from the Judiciary Committee a bift
to protect the Constitutional rights of
citizens, and proposes to punish with
fine and imprisonment " any person or
persons who seek by intimidation, un
lawful menace or any other unlawful
means to prevent the peaceful assem
bling of citizens for the purpose of pe
titioning Congress for redress of griev
ances, or considering the subject of
nomination, or the choice of any per
son to be a member or delegate of the
House of Representatives, or who shall
break up or disturb any such assem
blages, or prevent any citizen from ex
ercising the right of suffrage. Per
sona, or officers, charged with any duty
under this act, who refuse, or, know
ingly, omit to give full effect to their
duties, shall forfeit five hundred dol
lars tn the aggrieved party. Every
|K-rson who shall cust an unlawful
vote, or ballot, is to t>c punished by u
fine of SSOO, or to lie imprisoned not
more than five years, or both. As
sault, killing and bribery are to IK;
visited with u fine of SIO,OOO, or im
prisonment of not more than two
years, or both. Persons convicted of
any of these offenses are to be dis
quulilied forever from holding any
office of honor, trust or profit uuder
tbe United Kates.
Speaker Randall.
A special agent of the Treasury De
partment had the temerity to prefer a
charge against K|K-aker Kan.lull that
"two appropriation warrants were ille
gally signed to get money to continue
o|>crations of the engraving and print
ing department, which were directly
in the interest of Samuel J. Haudall,
who is a large stockholder in the pajs;r
mill which is alone authorized to suje
ply the (taper for bonds, bank uotes,"
Ac. Mr. Kuudall at once called tbe
attention of Congress to the charge
and asked the appointment of u com
mittee to investigate. That committee
was appointed, consisting of Messrs.
Chandler, Lynde,Throckmorton, Frvc
and Monroe, who have reported, ex
onerating Mr. Randall, and designat
ing the charge as entirely destitute of
truth. Indeed, any one knowing Mr.
Randall, republican or democrat, bis
personal integrity ami freedom from
all jobs in bis official life, would not
need a C ongressional committee to vin
dicate him from this or anv other
charge, affecting his private or official
record, that any scoundrel might see
proper to make. But still the charge
of tbe dirty slanderer is not without
compensating good to Mr. Randall
and his friends, as it gave occasion to
those with whom he has so loug asso
ciated in public life, of differcut politi
cal faith, to attest their high apprecia
tion of the character of the Speaker,
which they did in a manner that must
le highly gratifying to him, and con
tained indirectly a high compliment
to the wisdom and gocnl judgment of
the democratic Congress who raised so
pure a man to the Speaker's chair.
TIIF. Clause in the Army Appropri
l ation Hill which give# to railway com
panies the right to two their telegraph
line* for Government au<l commercial
purpose* at rat<* to be fixed by the
, Government requires the companies to
first accept the restriction* ami nbliga
: tion* im|to*ed by Title 65 of the Re-
I vised Statute*. Under thin title tele
graph companies* are given the right
' to use the public domain, military
and poet road.*, Ac., for their lint*, un
tier certain limitation!*, but are prohib
ited from transferring their rights to
other corporations. The Government
is to have priority in the transmission
of message*, "at such rate* as the Post
master General may annually fix."
The United State* reserves the right
to purchase the lines at an appraised
j value, "to be ascertained by five com
petent disinterested persons, two of
whom shall be selected by the PuMtmas
: tcr General of the United States, two
by the company interested, and one by
the four so previously selected." The
rates for messages of the public, as
well as those of the Government, are
, to be fixed by the Postmaster General,
under this statue, for all railroad com
panies that accept its provisions.
it appears, has not yet made up his
mind as to the proper person to ap
point to the German Court. We see
■! by the papers that ex-Senator Ale*,
r Ramsey of Minnesota, formerly of
' Hanrisburg, is looming up as likely to
carry off the price. He is a Pennsyl
-1 vanian, and as our Hartranft is now
provided for we are for Alec. He
used to be a clever, jolly fellow, and
we suppose will, if appointed, fill the
position as creditably as any person
whom Mr. Hayes would be likely to
I i I
Veto of the Antl-t hlnese Kill.
As expected, a message was sent to
Congress by Mr. Hayes on Monday
lost, vetoing the Bill providing for
the restriction of Chinese immigration.
We have not room at present to insert
it. Speaking of the message the Hur
rishurg Patriot says: "It bear* the
impress of the peculiar mind of Sec
retary Evarts. As the minister of
foreign affairs he considered it his
province and duty to vindicate what
he regards as the treaty obligations of
the I uited States to the empire of
China. Stripped of the verbosity in
which Mr. Evarts' objection to the
bill is clothed, it appears to consist in
a belief that if the measure became a
law it would abrogate the free immi
gration provision of the Burlingame
treaty. But the iin|ortutiou of coolies
apprenticed to servitude for a term of
years is itself a violation of the spirit
of that treaty. The Chinese who are
brought to the United .States in pur
suance of a contract to perform such
j work as the owner of their labor may
: assign tlieni are not free immigrants
j in the true acceptation of the term.
! While they doubtless sell their firee
| dom voluntarily and deliberately they
| are not on (but account any the less
i slaves. When we speak of free immi
gration we iin-an that subjects of fot
j eigu powers may come to this country
I without let or hindrance and without
I any restraints upon their liberty while
here except such a are imposed upon
citizens by the laws of the United
•States and the several states. But the
! Chinese who arc brought here are un-
I der the harsh re-traint of a contract
j entered into In-fore they leave their
, native laud, which deprives them of
j the freedom possessed by other immi
! grants to dispose of their labor as they
may choose. Hence they are not free
immigrant*, although they may come
j here voluntarily as slaves. Ha* not
| then Mr. Hayes' minister of foreign
affairs strained a point in arguing
that the effect of the vetoed bill would
have been (had the measure become a
I law) to abrogate the free immigration
i provision of the Burlingame treaty ?
I It is true indeed that congress might
I have accomplished its object more
[ <-osily and more decorously by legists-
I tion which would hwd to a proper re-
I vision of the Burlingame treaty, and
an effort in that direction should at
once lie made by the de[uirtnu-nt of
state. The sentiment of the countrv
is not against the free immigration of
tbe Chinese, but it is against the im
portation of men from any country
whose blood and brawn and brain
have been sold before tbev come."
AT a meeting of the Hamilton coun
ty Democratic Club, at Cincinnati, a
few days ago, Judge lloadly delivered
an address, in which, referring to the
"Electoral Commission," in connec
tion with the Florida returns, he Mid :
"Here WM the Supreme Uourl saying,
count Manatee. Hamilton, Jackson and
Monroe, and here was Zsch. Chandler,
trembling with fear lest the wicked
Democracy should get the Preaideney,
saying, 'You have got to count them,
but throw out something else.' And
the Sute Returning Board very quietly
took Baker county and cut out l>arby.
ville and Jacksonville, and gave Mr.
Have* 49 majority in the State. That
is how Florida came to be called e re
publican State. Are you surprised that
the people of Florida are not in love
with the republican partv f What did
Florida dot Did it submit to this out
ragef The new Returning Board, in
augurated with the income of a Demo
cratic State administration, made a re
can vaas of the Sute and announced that
Tilden and Hendricks had carried It,
and on the aarae 26th of January the
legislature sanctioned the re-can vaas,
and put tbe broad seal of the Slate of
Florida upon the result by law. Yet,
when the Electoral Commission met,
the ground on which the vou of the
Sute was oounted for Hayes and
Wheeler was the laat ground that would
suggest iUelf—the reason was the sacred
doctrines of State rigbU They bad
stolen the vote, therefore the Sute had
the sacred right to have it stay stolen.
They bed stolen the vote, therefore no
power existing in the United States
oould legally reclaim the stolen property.
TBE Knights of Labor challenge
President Go wen, of the Reading rail
road, to an investigation. He will
gratify them.
A Kmall Npee of Keeesslou.
The Kan Francisco Daily Stock He
jmrt, the oldest financial pajier on the
Pacific coast, in urging that u monster
mass meeting IK; held iu Kan Francis
co to demand of Hayes that he sign
the Chinese bill, uses the following
extraordinary language :
| This is a most critical time in the his
tory of (California. Whether there is to
be bloodshed and anarchy in our fair
Sute, riot, incendiarism, and murder;
whether our green fields are to be blaek
. i etied and our garden plot laid waste; or
1 whether, rather than incur thesedresd
i ful evils, we shall calmly in the end, all
other resort* having failed, meet and
| sever our connections with the national
confederation, making laws for our
preservation and the preservation of our
children's heritage, tbe event* of the
next two days may determine. Already
such a dread possibility as secession
from the Union, in the event of our
failure to obtain the relief we demand
from the Chinese evil, is broadly Ulked
. of in high circle*. The Lost ha* utterly
failed to understand our situation, and
to extend the aid and sympathy we
have tbe right to expect from the sister
hood of States. Leading men say that
w have pleaded, have exhausted argu
ment*. have cried aloud for relief, but
our niost earnest effort* have been treat
ed with indignity, and our sufferings
have been made a mockery. As a lost
resort we will take advantage of the
geographical lines that surround us. the
vast extent of soil within our )>ounda
ries, the exhaust Ins* resources of wealth
that are ours, snd will set up sn Occi
dental republic, which, if it cannot
rival the old republic in its glory of tbe
past, will at least be a magnificent em
pire of white fteemen. whoae heritage
shall be preserved to their children and
their children*' children forever.
. I
MIKIHTEK HEW AUD, of the China
mission would not show his book* to
the Congressional committee, charged
with the investigation of his crooked
now, to clear his skirts of the grave
charge* against him. He has there
fore been declared a contumacious
witness and summoned to the liar of
the House for treatment. What this
will be, or what will be gained in the
i ( way of reaching the information de
sired, of course has not yet transpired.
If he were not guilty, be would em
brace the opportunity to make his in
nocence manifest. It looks bad for
Seward, and Mr. Hayes had better be
looking round for a competent rogue
to supply his place. Corbin will do,
or if not, John J. Patterson was re
lieved on Tuesday aud will not again
be needed in the Senate. We can
recommend hitn as fully competent to
fill the highest expectations of any
rogue in America or China.
Pollock is a victim to the sly mauage
. ment of the adroit young Senator from
Pennsylvania. The committee failed
to report tbe nomination of Governor
Polloek to the Senate for confirmation.
In consequence the appointment falls,
and Heistand, the faithful latncaster
henchman of Cameron, remains in pos
session of the Naval office.
NOT ADOPTED. —The amendment
offered by General Shields to the Pen
sion Act providing pensions to veter
ans of The Mexicau War, was reject
ed by a |iarty vote, the Democrats
for and the Republicans against
A Proclamation.
WatazAs, The final adjournment of
the Forty fith congress without making 1
the usual and necessary appropriation* I
for the legislative, executive and judic
ial expenses of the govetnment for the
fiscal year ending June .jo, ]ggo, and
without making the usual and neces
sary appropriation for the army for the
same fiscal year, presents an extraordi
nary occasion requiring tbe President
to exercise the power vested in him by j
tbe constitution to convene tbe bouses
of oongree* in anticipation of the day fix
ed by law for their next meeting, now,
therefore, I, Rutherford R. Hayes, Pres
ident of the United States, by virtue
of the power to this end invested hy
the constitution, convene both houses
of congress to assemble at their respee ;
tive chambers at 12 o'clock, noon, on 1
Tuesday, the Ifith day of March, inst,
then snd there to consider and deter
mine such measures as in their wisdom,
their duty and the welfare of the people
may seem to demand.
In witness whereof I have hereunto
set my hand and censed the seel of
the United Btotes to be affixed.
_ . KB. HAVES.
By the President,
WE. M. STARTS, Secretary of Rtato.
The Peon Street Passenger Railway
of Reeding be* passed into the hands
of the trustees under the first mort
TKRMN: $lJ>O per Annum, In Advance.
Shere All, Amwr of Afghanistan, died
on the 21it of February.
The Senate on Saturday confirmed T.
L. Milton a* postmaster at Carlisle, Pa.
The Ocean Houae at Bong Branch, N.
•1., vrnn injured by fire to the extent of
$],h(JQ to on Saturday night.
fhe people in the oil region are tak
ing the census of their town*, but it
don't increase the price of real estate.
George franc-is Bickinson, merchant,
of No. 17 Greenwich street, London,
ha* failed, with liabilities of £50,000.
In funkhannock, Wyoming county,
there is a lady member of the School
Board. Ihe same is the case in St.
Clair, Schuylkill county.
Ecclcs Kobinaon, the noted temper
ance worker, i holding thronged meet
ing* at Port Jarvis. The greatest en
thusiasm prevails among all classes.
h* President McMahon, on Saturday,
visited the Museum of Beoorative Art.
This shows that the Marshal is not aa
ill as the London fitandtird has declared.
Fifty citizen* of Pekin an<l Peoria,
111., have been arretted for complicity
in whiky fraud*. Some of tbern are
among the moat prominent and wealthy
A fire at Keno, Nevada, Sunday
morning, destroyed the entire bu*inea*
j-ortion of the town. The loa* i eti
mated at $1,000,000, with only $l5O 000
insurance. Five peraon* were burned
to death.
Cardinal Filippo Maria Guidi died
Saturday laat, at the age of sixty-four
.veara, having been born on -July 18,
1815. He belonged to the Dominican
< rder. and wa* created a Cardinal on
March 16, 1843.
The St. Gothard (Switzerland) pott
aleigh wa* (truck by an avalanche on
Saturday and the driver wa* killed.
Several peraon* were drowned in the
Lake of Cenevaduring the recentrorui.
The damage in the canton of Vaud
alone i* £IO,OOO.
The weddibg between Prince** 1/ouina
Margaret, niece of Km|*eror William of
Germany, and Prince Arthur, Duke of
Connaugbt, of Hngland postponed in
oon*e<ju-nce of the death of Phnoea*
Alice, will take place at Windsor on the
18th of March.
The ateam cake and cracker bakery
of Walter G. W il*on. 212 and 214 North
Front Dtreet, Philadelphia, wa* totally
destroyed by fire on Saturday evening,
including valuable machinery and con
aiderable itock. Loaa, $75,000; covered
by insurance.
Charles W. Angell, Uie defaulting
Secretary of the Pullman Palace Car
< Company, pleaded guilty laat Tburaday
morning, and wu sentenced to ten
year* in tbe penitentiary—the full ex
tent of the law.
About five acre* of valuable land over
the Pennsylvania Coal Company's No.
7 shaft. Pittston, cared in on Thursday.
This will cause the company serious
loss, as it is said the coal underneath
can never be got out, owing to tbe
treacherous condition of tbe roof. A
large brick school house situated close
by was totally wrecked. No loss of life
is reported.
A dispatch from 1/ondon, February
26, says that tremendous storms con
tinue in the south of France, where
hundreds of people are thrown on tbe
public charity by the destruction or in
undation of their houses. In Spain the
tempest lasted tour days, and there was
much damsge and loss of life. Various
village* ana farms in Navarre were de
Captain Royton, who was floating
down the Ohio river in hie rubber suit,
was caught in an ice gorge Wednesday
evening near Wellsville, Ohio, and near
ly crushed to death. His gun filled
with water and all attempts to fire a dis
tress signal failed. He finally succeed
ed, however, in extricating himself from
his perilous position.
A special from IPottsville says that
•lohn Simraondiger and his son Charts*
were badly burned about the face and
arms by an explosion of sulphur Sunday
afternoon in tbe Lower Kausch Creek
colliery, near Tremont. The son in
haled tbe flames and it so terribly
burned internally that be oannot live.
John Phillips, a miner working at the
Cameron colliery, fell head foremost
down a breast the ssme afternoon,
breaking several ribs, besides receiving
fatal injuries about the heed.
A span IJO feet long of the iron
bridge of the Chicago and Alton rail
road at Wilmington gare way Thursday
morning as a train of empty coal oar*
passing over it and three cam were
precipitated into the Kankakee river,
a distance of over thirty feet. The
bridge U of the Howe trues pattern.
Kher sectioos of it were inured. The
total lose amounts to several thousand
dollars. Nobody was injured. It is
supposed that the keen frosts had af
fected the ponderous castings. Trains
will temporarily run over another
branch of tha road and no delay will
—The P*U MmJl (buHU't Rome corre
spondent says the Pope has seat Dr.
Newman the intelligence that be would
be created Cardinal at the consistory
which was held on Monday. Tha Pope
on Friday held a consistory and raised
Cardinal Nina, Pontifical Becretarv of
State, from the order of Cardinal baa
oons to that of Cardinal Priests, and
nominated Cardinal Kdooardo Rorrom
eo as (hmerkego of the Hatred College,
in plsoe of Cardinal Fetrieri. whose
term has expired. His Holiness also
preconised thirty-four Arohbishops and
Bishops. No Cardinal* were orwu^d.
NO. 10.