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\Ykst is Home Without a Mother ?
Wbat is HOME without a mother,
What are all the joys we meet,
When her loving smiles no longer
Greets the comiDg of our feet!
The day seems long, the nights are drear,
And time rolls slowly on !
And oh ! how few are childhood's pleasures,
When her gentle care is gone !
Things we prize are first to vanish
Hearts we love, to pass away,
And how soon, e'en in our childhood,
We behold her turning gray;
Iler eye grows dim, her step is slow,
Her joys of earth are passed :
And sometimes e'er we learn to know her,
She has breathed on earth her last.
Older hearts may have thoir sorrows,
Griefs that quickly die away ;
But a mother lost iu childtood
Grieves the heart from day to day.
We miss her kind and willing hand,
Her fond and earnest care,
And oh ! how dark is life around us;
What is HOME without her there.
What is Home Without a Father?
What is home without a father,
In the dark and cloudy day ?
Is it home ? or is it rather
But the guest house where we stay ?
Ob ! his kindly voice can cheer us
Is ufilictions sadest hour;
And to feel that he is near us
Robs distress or half its power.
Ah! yes: But a borne without a father,
In the dark and cloudy day:—
Is is homo ? or is it rather,
But the guest house where we stay.
What is home without a father,
When our daily race is run ?
And around the hearth we gather?
'Tis a world without the sun:
is there real wealth in treasure ;
Though its richest gifts we share ?
Is there real joy in pleasure,
If bis light is wanting there ?
Ah ! no : For a home without a father
When our daily race is run;
And around the hearth we gather,
Is a world without the sun.
How a Dry Joker was Joked.
At the name of Cale Meeks, what remin
iscences pass before our mental vision ! fid
recollections come crowding upon us, and
we see an array of the "sold" pass before
onr mind's eye, in the shape of the seekers
of the mythical Frank McLaughlin, the vic
tims of croton oil and jalap, and for the ad
ininistratihn of which no medical reason ex
isted, and a long line of those who have been
humbugged generally, without any specific
species of sell. Cale was the prince of dry
jokers ; he lived, moved, and had his being
through a diurnal succession of sells ; in
deed, his life was one great sell, composed
of a conglomeration of the infinitesimal seels
of fifty years' duration.
Now, Nixby—Nathan Nixby—was one of
Dale's truest and staunchest business ac
quaintances ; but he bad never been intro
duced into the domestic circle made glad by
the portly presence of Mrs. Cale, who was
somewhat addited to jealousy. The reason
for this lack of acquaintance was that she
lived a secluded life, in one of the little vil
lages on Long Island, and Nat Nixby lived
in our babel of New York. Well, one day,
Cale was hard pushed for an object upon
which to inflict a practical joke, and in his
dilemma he selected Nat Nixby for his vic
The manner in which Nat was sold I do
not choose particularly to describe ; suffice
it to say that, under the play of Gale's exu
berant fancy, Nat made a journey to Alba
ny. and insisted that a lady there had sent
an amatory epistle, which he produced.—
The lady became indignant, called in the aid
of her husband, who literally skinned ilr.
Nat Nixby, who thereatter returned to Goth
am with a very adult flea in his auricular
This event happened in the early spring
time, and on a beautiful day, about a week
after Nat's return from Albany, he met Cale
at Sherwoods. The sell was disclosed by
Cale, and a hearty laugh was had over Nat's
mishap, and at his still bruised features, in
which he joined ; but thos<.' present noticed
that he didn't laugh an inch below his chin ;
indeed, it was generally believed that Nat's
" mirth was entirely s : mulated.
" Now, old fellow !" said Cale, "you don't
hold any malice, do you ?"
" Not a bit," answered Nat, "and in to
ken ot amity let us take a smile around."
Which thing they did in the usual man
" How did you come to town ?" asked
"I drove up in a light wagon," replied
" And when will you return home ?"
% Jfamilj fjtetospjtr—fleboteb to politics, SmperTO, literature, Science, %\t %t\s f Ulccjjanics, Agriculture, Cjjt I|larhets, (febucation, Amusement, intelligence ffc.,
" About six o'clock this evening," said
Nat thereupon pleaded an engagement,
and left ; but as soon as he wrs out of eye
shot of his jorker friend, repaired to Cray's
stable, in Warren street, where he hired a
fast horse and light vehicle, wi,th which he
started through a by street to the residence
of his friend Cale on Long Island.
On arriving, he left his horse and wagon
at a public house, and proceeded to the
aforesaid residence, where he inquired of
the servant if Meeks was at home. On be
ing answered, as he knew he would, in the
negative, he said :
•' This is unfortunate. I wanted to pay
him some money. If I couMsee Mrs. Meeks
it would do as well ; give me a
receipt in the name of hernusband."
Mrs. M. was frugal and industrious, and
always attentive to her husband's interests.
As the last remark fell from the lips of Nat,
a fine lookidg matron called from up- the
stairs, to show the gentleman into the par
lor, whsre she followed in a few minutes.—
Nat bowed and said :
" I desired to see Mrs. Meek, madam."
"Very well, I am Mrs, Meeks." replied
" Pardon me, madam," said Nat, with a
doubting shake of the head ; "but this is a
matter of some importance - the payment of
money ; and you are not the lady that Mr.
Meeks introduced to me as his wife, last
"Not the lady ? what !" shrieked she ;
"do you mean to tell me that—"
" I simply tell you, madam," replied Nat,
with icy impsrturabihty, "that Mr. Meeks,
last winter, in Broadway, near Leonard
Street, introduced me to a lady whom he
called Mrs. Meeks, and you are not the
" Indeed !" exclaimed Mrs. M., her eyes
flashing fire ; "how old was she ?"
" Well, about twenty five."
" Twenty five ; and how was she dress
" She wore her hair in ringlets, had dia
mond ear rings—"
" Diamond ear rings !"
" A heavy silk velvet dress, very large
gold bracelets, a magnificent watch and
" Well, go o:i," she said spitefully.
" Silk velvet hat, trimmed with magnifi
cent 'ace, and a muff and boa."
" Boa !'' wrenched out the now thorough
ly irate dame ; you had better bore your
way out of this house, sir, mighty quick, or
else some body will have a headache ! No,
sii, I ain not Mrs. Meeks, and I want you to
" Oh, certainly," said Nat, who saw the
tallest kind of a squall brewing, and who
had good reason to fear that that the sturdy
dame might launch at his head a conch shell
or some other other of the heavy ornaments
which adorned the mantle. Nat, therefore,
beat a retreat from off tlve premises, and
placed himself behind a stone fence, from
which he could command a view of the
Brooklyn turnpike, lie did not wait long
before he saw the amiable Cale driving down
the road ail unconscious of the ambush of
Nat. The expression upon Dale's face was
one of the greatest amiability, ; nd exempli
fied that he was at peace with "all the
world and the rest of mankind "
In a brief space of timeCale's steed was
given into the charge of a stable boy. and
unconscious and happy, he entered his domi
eil and shut the door. The moment he en
tered an attentive ear might have detected
the sounds of a in no way mellow or
expressive of endearml"S. ; and in an instant
after Cale hurriedly eani\ through the door,
with amazement on his face and a mop in
his rear, the wrong end of which was under
the direct and personal superintendence of a
lady who was very red in the face and very
sturdy in the arms, and who strongly resem
bled Mrs. Meeks.
The battle had commenced in the passage
way. Dale's castor, which had shone in the
rays of the setting sun, as he drove down
the foad. was very much bruised and out of
shape ; indeed, it was driven down over his
" What in thunder is out ?" yelled Cale.
" Twenty five years old," shrieked the
infuriated dame, and bang, Cale caught the
mop over his shoulders. "Corkscrew ring
lets" and punk he got it in the back, with
all the strength which nature and anger had
given to the enraged lady.
" D—n it. don't do that J"
But it was no use, he had to take it.
" Diamond ear rings !" punk. Silk vel
vet dress, bang. Gold bracelets, whump.',
" Murder," roared Cale.
" W,tch and chain," she shrieked, and
biff he took it over the head.
" Muff," bang, slump, " Boa " bang,
bbng. and down went Cale with a jell of
Now fell the blows thick and fast upon
the bruised hoad back and face of t'n? pros
trate joker ; while the lady again rehearsed
the catalogue of the wearing apparel and
jewels of the other J.lrs. Meeks, tirniDg the
utterance of the name of each article with a
blow upon her prostrate, writhing and bleed
But all things must have an end. The
violent exercise of the arms and lungs, in
which Mrs. Jleeks bad indulged, had some -
what exhausted her. She had thrice run
through Nat's imaginary catalogue, and,
feeling her strength departing, gathered her
self for one grand and final effort. Cale
lvoked with horror upon the upraised mop ;
he heard the words, "Oh, the huzzy," shout
ed in a vigorous tone ; he heard a hustling,
whizzing sound in the air, and the next in
stant the poor lellow's nose was as flat as
the other parts of his face. His two tor
mentors retreated into the mansion and left
him alone in his gore. Slowly, and with the
most keen sensations of pain, he raised him
self into a sitting posture, and with many a
groan of agony he proceeded to inspect his
" This arm's broke certain ! Oh ! and
this left shoulder must be dislocated ! Good
Lord, what a nose ! I shan't be able to go
about for a month ! Oh, Lord, how sore I
Now. Nat, with vbe most pleasurable emo
tions, had through the crevice of the fence,
observed the whole of the little family jar
Aihich I have so freely described ; and he now
stood looking over the fence at the back of
his dear friend.
"I say. Uncle Cale," shouted Nat.
"lley !" said Cale, as he turacd in some
"WE STAND UPON THE IMMUTABLE PRINCIPLES OF JUSTICE—NO EARTHLY POWER SHALL DRIVE US FROM OUR POSITION."
Bellefonte, Centre County, Penna., Thursday Morning, Nov. 21, 1861.
little astonishment to look upon his former
" L say, Cale," continued Nat, " how do
you feel about now?"
~Oh! you ," (1 shall leave it
blank,) yelled out tne enraged Cale, as he
sprang to his feet and made for the house,
" I'll fix your flint!"
But, Nat didn't want the flint fixed, and
therfore made his way, with all celerity, up
Soon after there appeared upon the green
sward, rendered sanquinary and sacred .by
conjugal endearments, a lame man, who
wore a shocking bad hat, and who had taken
posession of a fowling-piece loaded with
buek shot, If the lame individual meant to
shoot Nat he reckoned without his host. —
That worthy, thanks to a long and thin pair
Of legs was ont of gunshot range.
Cale from that time forth, and untill he
filled the grave which he now occupies so
well, eschewed dry jokeing, and was always
sensitive on the subject of mops.
A Good Story.
Between eighty and ninety years ago there
lived in Connecticut valley two farmers, one
of whom was named Hunt and the other
Clark. The former in early life had been a
man of strong will and somewhat hasty and
violent temper. Sometimes he had been
seen beating his oxen over their heads with
the handle of his whip, in away to excite
the pity of the by-standers, and when ex
postulated with excused himself by saying
that he had the most fractious team in town.
By and by an alteration took place in the
temper of farmer Hunt. lie became mild
forbearing, at equal pace with himself.
In the course of a few years the two far
mers were chosen deacons of the church and
they both adorned their profession. About
the time of their election, a grievous famine
prevailed in the val'ey, and the farmers gen
erally were employed in laying up their corn
to plant the ensueing season. A poor man
living in town, went to Deacon Hunt and
said : " I have come to buy a bushel of
corn. Here is the money ; it is about all I
can gather." The deacon told him he could
not spare a bushel for love or money. He
was keeping double the usual quantity for
seed corn the next year, and had to stint
his own family. The man urged his suit in
vain. At last he said, " Deacon if you do
not let me have the corn, I shall curse
you." " Curse me !" replied the deacon,
" how dare you do so ?" " Because," said
the inan, " the Bible says so." " Nonsense'
exclaimed the deacon ; " there is no such
thing in the Bible " " Yes, there is," re
plied the poor man. "Well," said the dea
con, "if you can find any such text, I'll
give you a bushel of corn."
They went to the house, when the poor
man went to the old family Bibls, turned to
Proverbs 11:26, and read, "He that wilh
holdeth corn, the people shall cmse him ;
but blessings shall be upon the head that
The deacon was fairly canglit. "Come
along, and I will be as good as my word."
He took him to the corn house, measured
out a bushel of corn and helped the man
put it on his shoulder, and just before his
departure, being somewhat of a wag, he said
with a twinkle of the eye, " I say nejghbor
after you have carried this corn home, go to
Deacon Clark and enrse him out of a bush -
YVe are in Earnest.
European governments, through their or
gans, expressed the wonder with which they
contemplate the sudden military develop
ment and organization of the American peo
ple. History presents no parallel to these
movements, nor is there anything equal ti
our volunteer force in any of the govern
ments pf Europe, however proud and power
ful they are in their military organization.—
While the governments of Europe are thus
awe stricken with the wondeiful enthusiasm
and unanimity of the people of tbe United
States, CD the subject of defending their na
tional honor and maintaining their national
peace, our own government canr.ot fail to
have discovered that the people of the loyal
states are in earnest in their determination to
put down this rebellion. This is the case at
least with the people of Pennsylvania, who
have now iu tbe field and ready to march a
hundred and one thousand men! If this is not
earnest action, we are unable to comprehend
earnestness. If the governmert cannot see
in this demonstration, the will and d ;sire
and ability of the loyal people to suppress
rebellion, nothing that the people themselves
can do will convince the authoities that trea
son must be crushed with blows instead of
compromises with concessions. All that we
now want is action on the part of the govern
ment —a movement such as will encourage
tbe army to prepare for fight, and-such a
light, too, as will decide in a single battle,
the issue at ehike.
J23S- Some people keep their sterling worth in
all changes oi fortune; others, if changed in condi
tion, lose their character Bars of gold are less
prized than diamonds, but gold reduced to dust is
valuable ,while diamond dust is worthless-
Somebody has discovered the art of extracting
gas from vegetables ; We expect seon to see car
otts substituted for lamp-posts the latter producing
the gas and bust in one.
" 1 must strive," said a good woman,
"against peevishness while I am youDg, or
else what will become me of when 1 am old?"
fisaif Read the news on the fourth page.
! Heavy Exports from New York.
The month of October has been marked
by immense exportations of domestic pro
ducts from New York City, [ndeed, the
value of the goods thus sent away ha 3 twice
during the mouth exceeded $3,000,000 for a
week, a result which has seldom been equall
ed, even when trade was most prosperous.
This is a remarkable state of things when
we consider the great value of cotton ex
ported in other years, and remember that,
at present, the exportation of this article
has almost entirely ceased.
During the past week the number of bales
of cotton sent to foreign countries was only
200, while the average number exported por
week in 18G0 was 4,040. The number of
bales received in New York since the first
of January is 263 091, while duung the same
time last year 382,935 bales were received.
Here is a falling of! of 100,000 bales. The
deficiency has been more than supplied,
however, by the grain for which England and
France have so much need, owing to the
failure of their crops.
Since the first of January, 1801, 2,276,290
barrels of flour have left New York for for
eign countries, while during the ssrne time
last year but 1,452,651 barrels were export
ed. The immense number of 20,270,001
bushels of wheat have been bought from us
this year, against 9,098.832 in the same
time in 1860. Foreign nations have also
purchased the following artiles in the time
mentioned : of rye about 600.000 bushels,
against 6,000 ; of butter 15.255,300 pounds
against 7,708,500 ; of tobacco 94,000 pack
ages, against 75,000.
These figures suggest one great fact, that
cotton is not the controlling article of export
from this country, and] by the treachery of
those who have conspired to destroy all other
interests that cotton might rule, the great
fact is demonstrated that the trade of this
country abroad is not the least affected by a
withdrawal of cotton from the market.—
Corn and wheat are fast taking the places of
cotton, and the end of this rebellion will
prove that to the middle and the great wes
tern, and not the southern, states we must
look for trade and commerce, and conse
quently power and prosperity.
Resignation of General Scott.
One of the most important events of the
weok has been the resignation of Lieutenant-
General Scott, and his retirement from act
ire service. General Scott is in the seventy
sixth year of his age, and has served in the
United Sates array since 1808. His first
position was Captain of Artillery, and he
subsequently held the positions of Licuten.
ant-Colonel. Adjutant General, Colonel, Brig
adier-General, Major-General and General- '
in Chief. This last position was conferred
upon him in 1841. In 1855 he was made
Brevet Lieutenant-General, an honorary dis
tinction conferred upon no one else except
George Washington. His chief battles have
been at Queenstcwn Heights, Fort George
Fort Erie, Chippewa, Lundy's Lane, various
engagements in the Black Hawk wars, Vera
Cruz, Ccrro Gorda, Contreras, San Antonio,
Cherubusco, Molinn del Rey, Chepultepec,
Mexico. He was taken prisoner at Queens
town, and severely wounded at Lundy's
Lane. For his services in this battle and
that of Chippewa he received from Congress
a gold medal. For his gallantry in Mexico
he wae rewarded with the thanks of Con
gress ; and, especially for the victories
achieved in front of the City of Mexico, he
received another gold Medal. The crown
ing honor won by him from his country was
the brevet tank of Lieutenant Genoral,
which was to date from the day on which
Vera Cruz was captured.
The carreer of Genoral Scott has been sin
gularly fortunate and felicitous. During a
long life his honesty nor his patriotic inten
tions have ever been questioned. His abili
ties as a General were rather those of a prac
tical soldier than of brilliant military geuius.
His care and consideration of his soldiers
were proverbial. No man had more ability
in forming and combining an army" than
Scott but his declineing health has doubtles
interfered with his usuaf thoroughness in
this respect General McClellan assumes
the chief command at a most critical junc -
ture, ar.d, for an officer so young, the re
sponsibilities are tremendous. If he shall
prove equal to all the anticipations formed
of him, there is a future before him of incon
CONFEDERATE POSTAGE STAMPS, —The first
of the new Confederate States postal stamps
were issued yesterday and were eagerly,
bought up. The Dew stamp is green, with a
lithographic likeness of President Dayis
within double oval border, sermounted with
the incription, "Confederated States ef
America." Outside of the circle, and at the
head of the stamp, is the word "postage,''
and at the lower edge its denomination
"five eents."— Richmond Enquirer, 19th.
Gen. Beauregard has made his long
expected official report to the Secretary of
War, of the battle of the 2lst of July at Bull
Run. It is said to be very voluminous, cov
ering about a hundred pages of foolscap.—
Jeff. Davis withholds its publication for the
present from prudential reasons.
jjEg* What a man has learned is of Importance,
but what he can do,and what he will do, are more
llow M'Clellan became Successor
of Gen. Scott.
We have heard many inquiries made how
it was that Gen. M'Clellan became the Com
mander-in-Chiet up in the resignation of Gen.
j Scott from active service. It occurred io this
| wise ; At the outset of the rebellion we had
but two Major Generals, Wiofield Scott and
David Twiggs, the former of whom, by vir
of h s seniority , was the Commander-in-Chief.
The title of Liutenant General, conferred up
on Scott by Congress, nave no additional
i command, but increase of dignity and high
er pay and rations were attached to it. He
was the oldest Major General, and as such
was the Commander-in-Chief of our forces.—
Twiggs, on accouut of bis defection to the
South, was dismissed Irom the army. A new
; batch of Major General were created shortly
| after the war. broke out, consisting of Mc-
I Clellan, Fremont. D'x and Banks. Of tiieso i
j MoClellan'a commission was Crst issued,
j which mode him the oldest Major Geneial,
j next to Scott, and Commander-in-Chief upon
his retiracy. Had McClellan never resign
ed. but continued in the regular service, be
couiu hardly nave been higher than Major,
and probably not higher than Captain. His
resignation was lucky lor him, for it go,< 6
him a chance to come in ahfad of Wool, Har
ney, Ilunier and all t'.ie old Brigadier Gener
als who have been in tb J service for thirty or
forty years.— llarrisbury Teleyraph.
TIIB BALL'S BLUFF AFFAIR. —We have ex
amined and compared the various lists of
the killed, wounded and missing at the battle
of Ball's Blull, and we are inclined to the
belief that the following figures willl not
vary much from the official report :
No. Engaged Killed Wounded Missing
California, 670 18 42 _ 227
Tammany, 360 10 20 I*2o
Mass. 15 th, 654 14 63 245
Mass. 20th, 318 8 41 110
Total, 1,901 50 166 702
The rebels report having taken but 529
prisoners, and as that is 173 short of our
number reported missing, it is faij to pre
sume that nearly all of the balance were
killed in the battle. Of the prisoners, prob
ably one hundred at least are wounded.—
With these additions, the list of casualities
will stand as follows :
Wounded among prisoners, 100
Prisoners not wounded, 429
To the above must be added the killed and
wounded of the Third Rhode Island battery,
the First United States artillery, and the
United States cavalry, which will probably
swell the number to nine hundred and thir
ty, or nearly fifty per cent, of the whole force
GEORGE D. PRENTICE.— Has proved him
self an incorruptable patriot. Among the
many echemrs for carrying Kentucky out of
the Union was a persevering attempt to buy
Prentice, or, failing in that, to buy his pa
per. lie was first approached with the mod
est offer of §25,000 which was, of course
prompily declined. The anxious buyers,
thinking perhaps their bid had been below
Prentice's estimate of his honor, increased
bis offer, and through an old political friend,
since quartered at Fort Lafayette, lie was
informed that fifty thousand dollars was ia a
Louisville bank subject to the draft of George
D. Prentice, provided the Journal was hence
forth conducted according to certain terms.
An increased severitv upon the disunionists
in the columns of the Journal was the re
sponce to this proposal. Next came a rail
road man from the far west, who eschewed
ad Dp'incs, and wanted ah influential paper
to support fufl pacific Railroad enterprise.—
lie would give Prentice 3250,000 for the
Journal. 'J'his bid was two low, and George
I), Prentice remains unbougbt and iinpurch
IMPORTANT TO RECRUITS AND RECRUITING
OFFICERS. — There nie numerous instances
where men have signed their names on en
listment rolls, and afteiwrards failad to go
into tho service ol the several companies
they bad pledged themselves to. It appears
that these recrusaDts can be held according
to a recent military decision. It has been
decided by competent authority, after a very
careful investigation, that a soldier is bolden
from the time of signing his name to the en
listment roll, just as truly as though be were
•' sworn in and pers >ns who have enlisted
and left the service without a proper dis
charge, are to be considered deserters,
whether tfoey have been " sworn in" cr not-
The Washington correspondent of
the Phila: Inquirer states that at a recent din
ner given by General McOlellaD, he remark
ed to a guest that there was no power on earth
neither that of the Press or of politicians,
that should cause him to swerve a hair's
breadth from the policy which he had adopt
ed in relation to the present policy which he
had adopted in relation to tbe present war.
Availing himself of all the military wisdom
that is in possession of the officers around
him, together with his own experience, he
has, to the best of his own ability, adopted a
a plan of warfare to which he intends to ad
here most rig'dly.
Wink at small injuries rather than awenge
them. If, to f.estroy a single bee, you throw down
the hive, instead of ono enomy you have a thou
For tho Centre Democrat,
To the Teachers of Centre County.
Notwithstanding that the horrors, devaa--
1 tations, and untold expenses of a civil war
are upon us ; that our noble 'Government.
I our Liberties, and our free Institutions are
threatened with annihilation ; that the only
asylum for the oppressed of all nations,
i stands in danger of being forever demolished
by high handed treason, the praiseworthy
and devoted School Directors of Old Centre,
have again opened wide anc} deep the chan
nels of Popular Education,and soon a healthy
stream from the Fountain of Knowledge will
wind its shining way to every cottage and
hamlet within her borders.
! In view of these cheering facts, you are
admonished to use every means that your
f kill and ingenuity can devise, to keep your
! Schools in a healthy condition, and give full
j satisfaction to our people.
In referring to my '-Notes" of last year's
| visitations, I find that many schools were
1 partially, and a few, sadly defcotive ; espe
! cially such as were kept by inexperienced
hands. A want of system—of approved
modes of teaching—of order, proper classifi
cation—studious habits, and high moral
; tone, seem to pervade, here and there, ip a
greater or less degree, throughout the coun
Now, let me ask : Who are responsible
for these defects ? Most certainly, the
Teachers are, for u what the Teacher is, so
shall the School bef' and since he is the
cultivator of immortal minds, it is clearly
evinced "that as he sows so shall he also
reap." How long, then, shall the apathy
and inefficiency of some Teachers be toler
ated ? How long shall the industrious citi
zens of this County continue to pay enor
mous taxes for the support of schools, from
which, in some localities, theyjderive no ade
quate benefits 1 And, how long shall the
noble system itself be made to suffer at the
hands of those who are its principal opera
tives ? Let ma assure you ihat these delin
quencies can not be borne with any louger.
'•The clogs in the machinery must bo remov
ed." Teachers must qualify themselves to
do their who'e duty. They must work—
work systematically and successfully, or be
compelled to leave a field which can only be
cultivated by skillful hands.
As many of our patriotic and veteran
Teachers have taken up arms iu defence of
our Government and our Liberties, sheer ne
cessity caused us to add a few more Tyros
to the slock already at hand. With a view
to aid these in tbe performance of their deli
cate and responsible duties, let the following
instructions be strictly adhered to :
1. Begin with good order, and maintain it
to the end. Set the exampie yourselves.
2. Classify your pupils with reference to
their capacities rather than their ages.
3. Let your rules be few and simplo, and
let these few be strictly adhered to.
4. Endeavor to secure, by friendly feeling
and sentiments, the affection and respect of
all your pupils. Acquaint yourselves with
their natures and dispositions, and let your
l: rrodvs operandi " be in accordance with
them. Endeavor to awaken a spirit of emu
lation in the stu ues'persued, and due inter
est by the community.
5. In your efforts to reform the refractory,
try all mild means at first ; if these fad, try
the rod ; if all fail, report to the Board,
whose duty it is to have them expe)[ed.—
Stiff.r no pupils to dispute with 3 r ou, or to
visit during school hours. Keep your school
rooms attractive, properly ventilated, and
their furniture grounds clean and in good
fi. Have a specified time for each recita
tion, and let lessons be studied at home.—
Make every effort to secure punctual attend
ance and the co-operation of parents.
7. Introduce moral instruction either
orrlly or by the use of some standard works.
Ex rcise daily tbe whole School on Outline
Maps. Let map drawing and composition
be practiced by such as are capable.
8. For j'our own persona' advancement,
as well as that of your School, read some
Standard Works on Teaching, Attend Dis
trict and County Institutes. You will be
questioned at your re-exaipination, as to
the number ef Sessions you have attended ;
and if it be that any has willfully absented
himself from this means of improvement, it
will be in vain he will seek to be licensed.—
Good Teachers do not dread the light.
To convince you more fully that the de
fects already alluded to, lie at your doors ;
go with me to the school room of the true
Teacher. Behold his gentlemanly appear
ance ! blandished manners ! indefatigable
energies! his superior skill! patience and
indomitable perseverance in the even tenor
of his way making the rough ways smoothe
and the crooked straight.'' The locality in
which he toils, is a green spot, an oasis,
standing forth in bold relief, and rendered
futile by his individual exertions. It is in
habited by a host of friends, made so by his
affability and uprightness. He is daily sur
rounded by bright eyes and joyous hearts,
in which he is momentarily sowing the germs
of intelligence and virtue.
In this isolated spot appears to have
sprung up " the Tree of Life," on whose
golden fruits the aged and the young feast
sumptuously every day." Compare this fa
vored people with the noisy and thoughtless
groups which we frequently meet with' in
' the shape of Schools, and tell us the cause
of the disparity between them ? Doubtless
you will say. <: the incompetency or the in
diference of the Teachers."
Our worthy Directors, in a majority of
the Districts, have skillfully selected, and
successfully introduced a full series of new
books ; thus affording you an usual facility
in the classification of your schools, and ef
fectually removing one of the main obstacles
in the way of Progress.
On visiting your schools, T shall expect to
see the course herein specified zealously pur
sued—each Teacher laboring for the public
good—his services duly appreciated by the
people, and the schools comparatively im
Candidates for the County Certificate will
be examined at the County Institute. It is
required that each shall prepare an orlpinal
Essay, or Thesis on seme subject, to be read
and criticized on, on that occasion, ond such
as will be deemed most meritorious, will be
handed over for publication.
I learn from our worthy President, that
i the County Institute will hold its session
| either at Centre Ilall or Stormstown, be
tween the Hollidays. In a few days he will
speak for himself.
Wishing you, my fellow Teachers, much
personal happiness, and unprecedented suc
cess in the management of your Schools, I
remain very respectfully yours.
Boalsburg, Nov. 8, '6l. Co. Supt.
Important From Missouri.
EXPEDITION TO TEXAS COUNTY.
lYine Priaouera nml Five Hundred Hrrtd
of Cattle Captured-
ST. LOUIS, NOV, 10.—The correspondence
of the St. Louis Democrat, dated Rolla, Nov.
9th, says: A portion of the expedition
sent out under Col. Gresnel into Texas couua
ty, to chastise the rebels who have for some
time invested that section, returned here
yesterday, bringing nine prisoners, 500 he-id
of cattle, and 90 horses and mules, the prop
erty of armed rebels- Among the prisoners
are Spencer Mitchell, Quarter-master, and
Lieutenant Col. Taylor, of General Mcßride's
Before leaving Houston, Colonel Gresnei
issued the following proclamation :
" To the people of the town of Houston
and county of Texas, Missouri.
"I have this day placed upon your beau
tiful coui t-house the flag of our Unien. We
leave it in your charge and protection. If
taken down by rebel hands, I will return
here and pillage every house in town owned
by secessionists, or those whose sympathies
are with the rebels. Any outrages hereafter
committed upon Union men or their fannl es
will be returned upon the secessionists two
fold. Property taken from Union men by
the rebeis, in or out of the county, must be
1 hereby give the rebels a chance to make
good all the losses sustained by Union fam
ilies in Taxas county. If neglected the con
sequences be on your own heads. J shall
soon return to your county and see that this
proclamation is complied with to the letter.
If you wait for lue to execute it I will do it
with a vengeance.
(Signed), J. GRESNEL,
Colonel Commanding the Expedition.
From Western Virginia.
ATTACK OF THE REBELS AT GFYANDOT^J
One Hundred Federal Soldierr Killed or
The Rebel Residents Fire From Their
GALUPOLIS. Ohio, Nov. 11.
The town of Guyandotte, Va , on the Ohio
River, thirty six miles below here, was at -
tacked last night by six hundred Rebels.
Out of the one hundred and fifty Federal
troops stationed there, only about fifty es
caped ; the rest were killed or taken prison
ers. The rebel residents of the town, both
mali and female, fired from their houses on
THE TOWN OF GUYANDOTTE IN ASIIES
GALLFPOUS, Nov. 11.
The stamor Empire City ha s just arrived
The secession portion of the inhabitants it
appears, were looking for the attack, and
had a supper prepared for the rebel cavalry,
who were headed by the notorious Jenkins,
and numbered 800. Eight of our men were
killed, and a considerable number taken pris
oners. The rebel loss is not known.
Col. Zeigler Fifth's Virginia (federal) regi
ment, on his arrival at Guyandotte, fired the
town, and the principal part of it is now ii)
ashes. The rebels left about an hour before
the arrival of Zeigier.
Important from Kentucky.
Another Glorious Victory,
400 Rebels Killed and 1000 Prisoners.
PARIS, Ky., Nov. 12.—General Nelson
met the rebels under General Williams, at
Pikesville, Pike county Kentucky, on Eri
day last, and gained a glorious victory.
Col. Labe Mooie attacked the rebels in the
rear with 3,800 men, Col. Harris, of the
Ohio Second regiment, in fipnt with fiOf) men.
Col. Harris falling back and Col. Mooro
pressing forward till the enemy were brought
inio the midst ef Nelson's brigade when oui
forces pressed them upon all sides, kil : 'ug
400 and taking 1,000 prisoners the balai.ro
scattered in all diractions. Federal loss is
LEXINGTON, NOV. 12.— A courcer from
Gen. Nelson's brigade with despatches to
AdjntanL General Thomas, reports fighting
at Pikesville for two days. The rebels lost
four hundred killed and one thousand pns..