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A New Song to an Old Tune.
BY RALPH RANDOM.
Yankee Doodle came to town,
To view 'the situation,'
And found the world all upside down,
And a rumpus in the nation ;
He heard all Europe laugh in scorn,
And call him but a noodle ;
'Laugh on,' ho cried, 'as sure as you're born,
I still am Yankee Dookle"
Chorus—Yankee Doodle, 4c.
Ho found the ragged Southern leons
A-training like tarnation,
They'd stolen all his silver spoons,
And rifled his plantation ;
'l'll wait awh le,' he quietly said,
They may restore the plunder ,
Eut if they don't, I'll go ahead,
And thrash them well by thunder. '
Chorus—Yankee Doodle, Ac.,
And then the lovely queen of Spain
Told him in honeyed lingo.
That she n.id courted —not in vain—
A darkey in Domingo ;
'My dear,' said he, 'if you will roam
With all the male creation,
Pray, don't come here—l can't at home,
Yankee Doodle, Ac.,
The British lion slyly eyed
1. is bales of Southern cotton —
'Dear Yankee Doodle,' soft he cried,
That stuff is slave begotten ;
A brother's tears have bleached it white
It speaks your degradation,
But I must have it wro'ng or right,
To keep away starvation'
Yankeo Doodle, Ac.
' Rands off! hands off! good cousin Jihn,'
Bald quiet Yankee Doodle,
'I am no braggart cotton don,
Who'll bear the system feudal;
I've heard you prate in Exeter Hall,
Of sin and slave pollution,
And now I see 'twas blarney all,
You love 'the situation!'
Yankee Doodle Ac,
'False words and deeds from high or low,
Bring righteous retribution ;
And cousin John, mayhap you know
Tho frigate Coi stitution
She DOW is but a rotten boat,
But I have half a notion,
To set her onte again afloat,
And drive you from the ocean.
Yankee Doodle, Ac.
'And if in League with her of Spain,
With all the past forgotten
You dare to lift the hand of Cain
In aid of old King Cotton,
Be sure you guard those costly toys
You call your 'broad t ominions,'
For I have lets of yankee boys,
Can flog your hireling minions.
Yankee Doodle, Ac.,
'I trust in God, and in the right,
And in this mighty nation ;
And in this cause would freely fight
The whole combined creation;
For when, in time's impartial gaze,
The nations are reviewed all,
I know the meed of honest praise
Will rest on Yankee Doodle.
Chorus—Yankee Doodle, Ac.
Child's Morning Hymn.
The morning bright,
With rosy light
Has waked me up from sleep ;
Father, I own
Thy love alone
Thy little one doth keep.
All through the day,
I humbly pray,
Be thou my guard and guide;
My sins forgive,
And let me live,
Blest Jesus, near thy side.
Oh ! make me rest
Within thy breast,
Great spirit of all grace ;
Make me like Thee,
Then shall I be,
Prepared to see Thy face.
Letter from an Austrian Officer.
His opinion of the Great Battle and the War,
[From the Cincinnati Daily Commercial.]
CINCINNATI, O, U. S. of A, July 26, '6l.
Commonly averse to the interference of
foreigners in the terrible struggle that is now
impending in your blessed country, I could
not stand idly by at this important crisis and
think that the least thing I could do to help
to sustain tbe glorious institutions of your
fair land was undone.
Though not claiming aDy pre-eminent
knowledge of military affairs, more than
should be known by persons having the same
opportunity, I must say that my knowledge
may be superior to tbe most of your country
men, having graduated in the Military Col
lege of Royal Engineers of Sweeden, and
spent fourteen years in the Austrian service.
This experience has given me many chances
to be thoreugly acquainted with military
In oar European wars it has always been
the custom to attack entrenched encamp
ments or fortifications with never less than
ten or twelve times the number of the besieg
ed. Bat how different the late battle in your
country, where we see twenty thousand vol
unteers endeavoring to cope with three or
four times the number, the former without
cavalry, or a sufficient amount of approved
artillery, the latter behind tremendous mask
ed entrenchments, guarded by pow
erful parks of artillery, and seconded by
large squadrons of hussars. Certain it is that
the unequalled general of your forces (Scott)
% Jfamilj} JMospitptr la ||olitb, ftmperitnte, fittrata, Science, ffee gffecjjanics, C|;e jflarhcts, #Sucaiioit, ftitntral fnttllwiitr, Ac.,
knew the number of his own men, and it is
not possible that he allowed an eneray to be
so near without an approximate knowledge
of their strength ; and the only reason in the
world for the attack was the coute qui coute
impetuosity of your civilians.
With every confidence in General Scott
and his able corps of engineers, one thing is
sure, they have too much to attend to —too
many apprentices to oversee. This is no time
for idle speculations. Your countrymen
must be up and doiDg ; no time must be lest.
Prepare your civilians to act the part of sol*
Your President should place an army of
at least six hundred thousaud men in the
field at once ; the men have been offered and
should be accepted at once ; an army of two
hundred thousand strong should beat Wash
ington : a division one hundred thousand
strong at Fortress Monroe. Generals Pat
terson and McClellaa should at once, or as
soon as possible, unite and take a conveni
ent distance from Manassas Railroad, in en*
trenched, strongly fortified earth works. The
Fortress Monroe column should move tow
ards a point in the rear of the railroad, be
tween the Davis army and Richmond, and,
by eertaio, uofailing military understanding,
should ail attack the enemy at one time, the
same hour. This will be sure to crown your
arms with success. At the same time an
army should be organized in your manufac
turing States, at least 50,000 strong, to em
bark on board of ships, to attack on South
ern coasts ; another equally strong should en
ter the Mississippi river towards New Or
leans ; 100,000 good men should be muster
ed at the confluence of the Ohio and Missis
sipi rivers, and go South by the latter riv
ers ; 50.000 men should be sent through
Kentuoky, to co-operate with the other di
visions of your very grand army; still anoth
er force of 200,000 men should be held in
reserve, to act where tbeir services may be
most needed. Such a force can conquer ;
rest assured a smaller one may fail.
To a foreigner accustomed to the rigidity
of individual power, your institutions appear,
if anything, more magnificent than they are.
Yours is the only real republican nation that
has ever existed, aDd tho eyes of all civilized
nations are anxiously awaiting the result, to
359 whether your people think the Govern
ment worth sustaining.
There need be no fear of any first-class
European Power acknowledging the inde
pendence of the rebel States, without satis
factory evidence of tbeir beiDg able to sus
tain themselves, for many reasons : England
distrusts Canada, and sees a turbulent spirit
in Ireland, only awaiting a favorable time to
revolutionize ; besides, she is Dot entirely
confident of her new bed fellow, Napoleon ;
and I assure you the latter is too well aware
ot the existence of the secret Carbonari, and
the uncertainty of France, to interfere in any
matter whero there is no advantage to be de
rived by him.
BeiDg on furlough from the Austrian ser*
vice, with a predisposition to admire the
United States, I have carefully noted in my
travels over many portions of your country,
every object or characteristic of your people,
and assure you that I cannot imagine any
outrage on the part of the Government that
could be flagrant enough to cause any of
your people to rebel. Yours i 6 a mighty
country, unequaled in the whole epoch of
history, and I entreat the people in their
majesty to ceme forward and sustain the au
Civilized mankind sympathizes with the
North ; the accursed supporters of human
slavery, of despotism, of tyranny, of oligar
chy, are alone in their accursed schemes.—
The unlooked for war may be the cause of
very hard times, but the people are or ought
to be ready far the sacrifice. Their late out
pouring of money, men, everything, to sus
tain their good country, convinces ma that I
do not plead in vain.
In this emergency a good plan would be to
have a committe to hire or BDgage every able
bodied man to drill daily ; make your city
one vast camp for home defence, and, if nec
essary, pay every volunteer two or three
francs a day. If you have not the ready
money, let a scrip, based on the first credit
of yeur city, be issued in such sums as
is needed to pay your home forces. Let the
pay be ever so small, it would prevent much
suffering, relieve the pressing necessities of
many, keep the poorest from starving, and,
let come what may, would be a phalanx
strong enough to slaughter any foe daring
enough to disturb your qaietude.
Supposing your taxes would be doubled,
would it not be better than to have your city
in danger, your citizens suffering from hun
ger ? A committee of five, or any other num
ber, of ycur good-hearted, responsible citi
zens in each division of your city, would be
appointed to arrange the affair systematical
ly. Though not wishing to doubt the devo
tion of the citizens of Kentucky, I must say,
in all candor, that there are many there of
high and low degree who would glory to see
the slave propagators conquer. Place your
city beyond reach of all such evil disposed
Though a devoted subject to his Majesty
the Emperor ol Austria, whom and whose
cause I am evr ready to support with my
life, if need be, I offer any knowledge of arm
ing and fortifying your city I may possess,
without any cba-ge, as my small token of ap
preciation of true liberty, knowing that his
" WE STAND UPON THE IMMUTABLE PRINCIPLES OP JUSTICE-NO EARTHLY POWER SHALL DRIVE US FROM OUR POSITION."
Bellefonte, Centre County, Penna., Thursday Mo
Majesty will not object, as he loves Republi
can America as I do, and that it is only sec
ond to my own country. Let every man be
a conscript. Go out to battle to preserve the
boon handed down to you by your forefath
ers, and your country must be, will be, sus
GODFREY F. C. TRATZCKY,
Captain Co. E, Fourtj Royal Top. Eng.,
The Deadly Rifle.
The returns of " killed and wounded" at
the battle of Bull Run are necessarily"im
perfect, but enough have been to
show that tho losses among officers, especial -
ly " commissioned" ones, are much larger in
proportion to their number, than those
among privates. -The killed are 2 Colonels,
JL Lieutenant-Colonel, 2 Majors, 16 Captains,
and 7 Lieutenants \ and the wounded, 2
Acting Major-Generals, 8 Colonels, 1 Lieu
tenant-Colonel, 3 Majors, 16 Captains, and
33 Lieutenants. The casualties amoDg cap
tains are particularly noticeably. Making
every allowance for the extra exposure of of
ficers on horseback and those on foot in front,
or at the side of tbeir companies, there is
still no doubt that a large number of the kill
ed and disabled on that fatal day were sin
gled out and shot by expert marksmen, who
were enabled to take deliberate aim from
rifle pits or behind trees.
The distance between the hostile forces
was repeatedly small enough to permit the
picking off of individuals with perfect cer
tainty by any person moderately skilled in
the use of the rifle. What loss was sustain
ed among the officers of the enemy is not
known; but, as many thousands of the Uni
ted States forces engaged were also armed
with rifles, it may fairly be supposed that the
sharp-shooters in our ranks used these weap
ons with deadly .effect upon the wearers of
shoulder straps and swords wherever they
could be seen.
What is to be Done with Them ?
What is to be done with Northern sympa
thizers with treason ? You may know tbern
by the piteous whinnings witb which they
deprecate war—by tbeir groaniogs about
" coeroion" and " subjugation," and by their
extreme concern about Mr. Lincoln's viola
tions of the Constitution, in his efforts to pre
serve it, although they have nothing to say
about Davis' effort to destroy it altogether.
They are all of them sneaking hypocrites,
and the surest way to judge them is to watch
their faces upon the receipt of news. If it is
disastrous to the rebels, their visages at once
put on a lengthened, solemn look. If the
Union army has met with a disaster—if orie
of our faithful officers has been assassinated
by a rebel, their eyes brighten at once.
These men, were they in Maryland or Mis
souri, wouldsmuggle powder andshot to their
Southern brethren—would engage to the ex
tent of their courage in driving out friends
of the Union and confiscating their property
or destroying it. But they are where their
treasonable sympathies can do no harm and
where we can allow them to remain and en
joy the protection of the Government which
they would gladly see destroyed. All that we
would lay up in store against them is simply
a truthful record cf the fact that in the hour
of its greatest peril they stood with the ene
mies of the Government and gave their sym
pathies to the conspirators. We would have
this known for at least one generation, and
to this end hope they may be inspired with
sufficient courage to place themselves where
they belong. They can do it safely.—Har
Old Kentucky again most gloriously ex
pressed her attachment and devotion to the
Government under which we live. " She
was the first new State to come into the Un
ion, and she will be the last to go out." In
spite of tbe recent National disaster at Man
assas, and the sneakiDg but vindictive treach
ery of her Senators, Breckinridge and Pow
ell, and her representative Burnett—Ken
tucky has by a tremendous vote repeated
the verdict she declared in June. Then she
gave near fifty thousand majority for uncon
ditional loyalty to the Union, in her choice
of Representatives in Congress. Now, with
a far less important issue before the people,
aDd under greater difficulties, she has given
nearly as great a majority for the maintance
of the Union and Constitution against the
attacks of all their enemieß. Tho new legiss
lature is largely for the Union, aDd compar
ative few sf the counties have given a decent
yote for secession. Kentucky still clings
with unfailing tenacity to h6r ancient faith,
and will never be carried over to the cause of
treason by the degenerate sons who seek to
betray her. In Joseph Holt the Unionist cf
Kentucky posess a tower of strength, and
witb such a sentinel of liberty upon the ram
part, tbe schemes of her rebel Governor can
not avail to plunge her into the vortex of de
struction.— Bucks County Intelligencer.
GFN. MCDOWELL'S REASONS FOR HIS DE
FEAT. —GeD. McDowell says that our defeat
was caused by tbe superior forces of the en
emy. That the men composing our army
represented every profession in civil life, but
were unacquainted with tbe rules and tac
tics ot warfare. That the teamsters even the
artillery could not obaDge tbeir position
without creating alarm. McDowell also said
that he would wager his life that two-thirds
of bis offioers had never before seen a can
non ball in the air.
Hissing Yankee Doodle.
On a bright day, shortly after tbe Fourth
of July, when tbo American troops were ma
king warlike preperations for a fight with
the rebels, there might have been seen in a
tent, Dot far from Arlington Heights, a num
ber of officers seated around a rudely con
structed table, upon which were two geese,
several chickens, a port folio, and paper,
pen and ink.
Beyond tbe lines that formed the official
circle stood a soldier, without cap, caitridge
box, belt, musket, or side arms.
The Judge Advocate took bis seat, and
thus formed what the reader may readily
suppose a court martial.
The disarmed soldier was charged with
killing and capturing two geese and two
chickens, thus violating n order of the Com
manding General preventing the forcible ta
king of personal property. A court-martial
at such times, though not wanting in digni
ty, is generally hurried to conclusion.
The charge was read, the evidence was eID
cited, and it seemed to weigh heavily on the
prisoner. He stood with downcast looks,
when presently the Judge Advocate said :
" Sir, you have heard the charge, and the
evidence adduced to sustain it. It has been
proven by the most positive evidence that
you did early on the morning of the fifth of
July, boldly level your musket, loaded with
round ball and buckshot, and then did dis
charge said weapon the contents thereof tak
ing effect in the vital parts of two geese or
ganders and two chickens, tho property ot
some person or persons unknown. Thus you
did on that occasion violate the order of the
commanding General, which was issued to
prevent the killing, maiming, chasing or
wringing tbe necks of any geese, chickens,
ducks, goslings, pigions, cows, sheep, goats,
bulls,calves, sows, hogs, boars, roasting pigs,
or any other domesticated animal cf what
over form or nature. Now, sir, what have
you to say why sentence should not be pro
nounced upon you ?
" Sir," said the prisoner, raising his head,
and revealing the features of an irrepressible
Yankee, "I acknowledge that all tho evi
dence adduced is true, so far as it goes. Tbe
motives, however, which prompted the act
are knewn only within my own buzzum, and
I should like to have a record made of tbem
in mitigation of punishment.
Judge Advocate—" Speak freely, and
slowly; Clerk, be sure and record every
Clerk—" Yes, sir ; proceed prisoner."
Prisoner—" May it please yer, gentlemen,
that the eelebratiou of our National Birthday
Anniversary fanned the flame of my patriot
ism into an eternal conflagration. My buz
zum was a boilin' over with the warm elixer
of " life, liberty, and the pursuit of happi
ness." I fell happy, then, as much so as if
I were celebrating the birthday ef our coun
try at my gay and happy Green Mountain
home, far up in the State of Vermont. I
felt, sir, that I could have eaten Jeff. Davis
for breakfast, lunched on Beauregard at
eleveß, served up Wigfall at three o'clock
ordinary, and made my supper on the hull
army of rebels. I had scorched my eye
brows —singed my whiskers—pealed the
skin from my face—burnt ray fingers, and
got a piece of a percussion cap in my eye, on
firing the thirteenth round in the general
celebration of the everlasting, glorious old
Fourth. But I did'nt keer for all this yere ■
I wos patriotic—l woa determined to be pa
triotic, and early on the morniu' of the sth I
felt particularly sivagorous, and thought I'd
take a mornin' stroll in the jews of the valley.
I haden't got along very far 'fore I sees the
geese and chicken comin' along.
" Wall, as I said afore, I felt a mighty
sight of patriotic feeling in my buzzum, and,
jisttokeep up speerits, I whistled Yankee
Doodle, and then listened to the echoes a
comin, back from the woods, soundin' for all
the world jist like my own mountain home.
I thought the woods were all for the Union.
I felt glorious, I whistled again and again,
and so did the woods. Wall, as I said afore,
the geese came along, and I increased the
aennd of my whietle. I put my fingers in
my mouth, and didjist so. (Here the patri
otic prisoner gave a blow that would have
done no discredit to a Pennsylvania loeomo
tive.) I got about half-way through the
ehune, when the geese set up an etarnal al
mighty hissing, and stuck their long necks
and heads at me."
" Crotch all hemlock, an' gosh mighty, but
I fired up; I was all posessed and bilin' over
with patriotism and glory, and says I, 'darn
ye—ye'll hiss Yankee Doodle , will you? Now
darn ye, take that,' and I blazed away, and
two chickeDs dropped."
A smile played on the faces of tbe mem
bers of the court-martial, and there was a
deal of suppressed laughter,
*' But the chickens, sir—the chickens,''
quickly replied the Judge Advocate, biting
his lips ; " they did not hiss 1"
"Wall, no sir" they did not hiss; they
seemed to be held in reserve to cover the re
treat of the rebel geese, and they fell because
they were in bad company.
The next day the soldier was on duty, none
the worse for the court-martial. What be
came of the geese and ebiekens never could
be accurately ascertained.
Representative Lovejoy, of U'inois,
has been authorized to raise an additional
regiment in that State.
ning, Aug. 22 1861.
The Northern Mother.
The are all in the army,
My three brave, and gallant boya ;
They've changed the peace of homo life
For martial pomp and joys.
It tore my heart strings sadly
To see them march away,
But when their country cal led them,
I could not say them nay.
There's one that grasps a true sword,
Commissioned to command ;
There's one within the ranks found
With musket in his hand ;
There's one, and he's my youngest,
Whose stirring drum doth beat
The faultless martial measure
For proudly stepping feet.
Their Father fought before them
On many a bloody plain—
At Erie and at Chippewa,
At York and Lundy's Lane.
0, may his spirit nerve them
When in the battle's brunt ;
For should they fall, I know then
They bear their wounds in front.
God shield my three brave darlings
Throughout these crimson wars !
God help them in defending
Our good old Stripes and Stars.
God speed them on their mission
To quell the Rebel foe !
With strength, that each arch-traitor
May need no second blow.
And when my youngest boy beats
The loud long roll at night,
To tell of foes advancing,
And bids them arm for fight,
God give unto my other boys,
Amid the battle's flame,
To one—a dashing soul to lead,
To one—unerring aim.
The list of slain and wounded
I'll read with trembling breath,
To see how many darling sons
Have met untimely death.
And should mine be among them,
And fell they there like braves,
I would not wish them holier death,
Nor ask them prouder graves !
The Trumpet Blast.
BY JOHN J. WHITTIER.
[The following lines, written eighteen years
ago, sound like prophecy fulfilled at the present
O ! for God and duty stand,
Heart to heart and hand to hand.
Round the old graves of the land 1
Whoso shrinks or falters now,
Whoso to the yoke would bow,
Brand the cravan on his brow !
Freedom's soil has only place
For a free and fearless race;
None for traitors false and base.
Perish party ! perish clan !
Strike together whilj ye can,
Like the arm of one strong man.
With one heart and with one mouth
Let the North unto the South
Speak the word befitting both :
What though Issachar be strong,
Ye may load his back with wrong
Over much and over long.
Patience, with her cup o'jrrun,
With he: weary thread outspun,
Murmurs that her work is done.
Boldly or with treacherous art,
Strike your blood-wrought chain apart I
Break the Union's mighty heart I
Work the ruin if ye will 1
Pluck upon your own heads an ill
Which shall grow and deepen still 1
With your bondmand's right arm bare
With his heart of black despair,
Stand alone, if stand ye dare !
Onward with your fell design—
Dig the gulf and draw the line—
Fire beneath your feet the mine !
Deeply when the wide abyss
Yawns between your land and this,
Shall ye feel your helplessness.
Parson Brownlow of Tennessee.
Most people throughout the country—and
those especially who "take the papers"—
have heard of Parson Brownlow,long the fa
mous editor of the Kooxville Whig, away
down in Tennessee. lie is, unquestionably,
as original and eccentric as he is a marked
character. Ho is better known and under*
stood in the Southern than in the Northern
States. Judged by such selections as have
appeared from his pen, in the newspapers,
one would regard him as a rough, uncouth,
ill-mannered bully, better suited for a rough
and tumble fight, among frontiersmen than
to the amenities of of civil life. The least
one would anticipate of such a fierce fire
eater would be a brace of revolvers in his
belt and a fourteen bowie sheathed down
his back. But the personal appearance of
the redsubtable Parson is quite the reverse
of this ; indeed he appears like a modest,
civil and well behaved gentleman of intelli
gence and respectability.
Parson Brownlow is a Methodist clergy
man in full standing, very popular as a good
christian exborter of his sect, and an editor
and politician of the rankest and most vio
lent type. He carries into all his public
acts, religious, political or personal, the
same exuberant spirit of zeal, abuse and de
fiance. He has edited and sustained for
more than twenty years, th 6 Whig in a fight
ing community, and probably never issued
a paper in wbicb some one was not heartily
abused and defied by name.
He is a fighing parson, belongs to the
"church malitia," believes in conversion to
the doctrine of Christ, and to the Whig doc-
t r ino by "apostolic knocks" and puts his
faith into the heartiest possiblo practice.—
One of his quaint sententious paragraphs
was that he "fought the Democrats six days
iu the week and the Devil on Sunday."
A bitter and "irrepressible" feud existed
between him and a brother parson of the
same persuasion, named Ilaynes, for years,
but inomitable Brownlow always came on
"the top of the heap." Their wrangle kept
their conferences in hot water—and Billings
gate had full reign in all their controversies,
but the "fighting parson" triumphed and
Ilaynes was turned out of the church.
A characteristic story is related of him
which is worth reading. Upon the borders
of Virginia, there was a settlement of rough
"bard shell" Baptists. The Methodists had
long essayed to effect a lodgement in this
quarter, but were summarily defeated by the
decisive mode of turning their missionaries
neck and heels out of the place—and this is
no very tender or " do as you would be done
by" siyle of christian treatment. With such
vigor did these Baptists hold this tower of
the Lord, that the Mbtbodlsts with ail their
zeal for propagating the gospel, and their
resolute devotion to the great duty, paused
before this Baptist Gibraltar. The task ap
peared to be a hopeless one, and no one of
tbe faithful seemed anxious to encounter the
risk of personal violor.ce —especially as a
coat of tar and feathers had been designated
as the fate of the next warrior of tke cross
who should appear in that region in Metho
At last, however, Parson Brownlow was
appointed to the duty of converting these
heathens firm the error of their ways.
The Parson was much younger and less
celebrated than he is now, but the same fiery
and reckless spirit animated him that has
since extended his reputation so widely.—
He koew the risks he was chosen to encoun
ter. and rather relished the novelty and ex
citement of this new field. Aecordingly, he
mounted upon his horse, with the inevitable
saddle bags of tbe Southern horseback trav'
eler, he entered tbe enemys camp, and an
nounced his purpose to give the barbarians
of that locality "a creed of the true doctrine
on the holy day to follow." The result was
that his horse and saddlebags were taken as
spoils, his person roughly maltreated, and
he was turned loose in the "outskirts" of the
place, and ordered, at his peril, never to
study daylight in that quarter again. The
Parson footed it home as best he might, but
soon after re-appeared at the scence of con
test and conflict, with another horse and an.
other pair of saddle bags, to commence his
labors. His treatment was commensurate
with the hearty and religious indignation of
his foes, aud once more the parson footed it
home sore and horseless.
A third time the irrepressible Brownlow
appeared upon the field, to be served about
as before ; only his pertinacity aDd courage
had worked upon the curiosity as well as
the fancy of a portion of the good people of
that section. Some were for hearing what
"the cuss was arter" but he was finally again
unhorsed and unsaddle-bagged, and started
home afoot; but he had effected a lodgement
among those rude people, who loved pluck
and grit if they did not love Methodism. Of
course he was expelled again. And sure
enough the fourth time, with the fourth horse
and fourth pair of saddle bags appeared the
persevering Brownlow. By this time there
had arisen a decided curiosity to hear what
the "cuss bad to say ; and the parson was
allowed to preach. Well suited to the rude
congregation before him, he soon won their
confidence, and closed a decidedly popular
man. A dozen invitations pressed him to
dinner—a universal request that be would
come again as soon as be could, and full res
toration of the value of the lost horses and
saddle hags proved the final triumph of the
"irrepressible Methodist." The final result
was, the place became the most invincible
of Methodist strongholds, and Parson Brown
low one of the most popular preachers among
Training at West Point.
At West Point the cadets are daily trained
to shoot at a target with the musket or rifle.
They fire ten targets, tho size and form of a
man. Each squad is arranged in lines, so
that each cadet and each squad is recorded,
so that the qualities cf each as a marksman
arc well known to the instructor.
While on a visit to this famous military
school last summer, we paid close attention
to the rifle shooting of the cadets. It was
what may be called in general, loose firing:
yet we could not fail to notice how some of
the cadets appeared to be born marksmen,
while others appeared to be naturally inca
pable of learning the art.
One cadet, whom we watched, tried in
vain to his target at a moderate distance.—
Not believing the fault was in himself, he
con p ained it must be in tbe rifle. He was
soou eouvinoed of his error by the instructor
taking up his rifle and planting a bullet
right in the "bull's eye." We made some
inquires of the instructor respecting tbe qual
ities of the cadets in learning to shoot, when
he told us that the youth to whom we have
just referred could not make a martsman.
Chapman, in his book cahed " The Araeii
can Rifle," states that all men dodge in firing
—some before, and others just after the shot
is fired. The latter class may learn to be
marb&meD, the former never. In learning
to shoot with a rifle, a person should endeavor
to acquire a steady, cool demeanor, with a
true, quiok eye and nimble finger. Practice,
and nothing but praotice, can make a good
marksman. At the same time mere firing
is not the only practice necessary.
i Brigadier-General Lyon.
The telegraph last evening brought to ua
the sad intelligence of the death of Briga
dier-General Lyon, commanding the United
States forces in Missouri.
Gen. Nathaniel Lyon was the son of a sub
, stantial farmer of Asbford, Connecticut, and
was the descendant, paternally and mater
nally, of families who were distinguished for
intellect and integrity of character. His
; mother was of the Kuowlton family, wbioh
i produced two of the distinguished officers of
the Revolution—one, the famous Col. Kuowl
ton, who, as Maj ir, commanded the Connec
ticut boys at tho Old Rail Fence, on the lef
wing of the American army, at Bunker'*
llill, and was afterwards killed at the battl?
of Harlem Heights, New York.
General Lyon was educated at the United
States Military Academy at West Point,
where he graduated with distinction in 1841,
! and remained in the army uatil the time of
his death, having risen to tbe rank of Cap
; tain in the Second Infantry ; and by the re
centchoice of the Missouri volunteers became
j their Brigadier-General. He was in the
j prime of life as a military commander, hav
| ing been but forty-two years of age. Ho had
great experience in his profession, especially
in ihe rougher duties, which fitted bim so
i especially for his position as Commander-in-
Chief of the Missouri forces. His service had
been principally upon the frontiers—in the
Florida, Texas, California, Oregon, Kansas,
. and other Indian and border wars. He was
with General Scott's division during the
Mexican campaign, and was breveted August
20, 1847, " for gallant and meritorious con
duct in the battles of Contreras and Churu
busco aDd was wounded at the Belen Gate
of the city of Mexico, September 13, 1847.
He had a strong physical constitution, a
high order of intellect, and an energy whioh
knew no bounds.
Important Act of Congress.
AN ACT to defiae and punish certain con
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States or
America in Congress assembled, Th-t if
two or more persons within any State of
Territory of the United States shall conspire
together to overthrow, or put down, or to
destroy by force, the Government of the
United States, or to levy war against the
United States, or to oppose by force tho
authority of the Government of the United
States : or by force to prevent, hinder, or
delay the executiou of the law of the United
States ; or by force to seize, take, or pos
sess any property of the United State 3
against the will or contrary to the authority
of he United States ; or by force, or in
timidation, or threat to prevent any person
from accepting or holding any office, or
trust, or place of confidence, under the Uni
ted States, each and every person so offend
ing shall be guilty of a high crime, and up
on conviction thereof in any district or cir
cuit court of the United States having juris
diction thereof, or district or supreme court
of any Territory of the United States having
jurisdiction thereof, shall be punished by a
fine not less than fire hundred dollars, and
not more than five thousand dollars ; or by
imprisonment, with or without hard labor,
as the court shall determine, for a period
not less than six months nor more than
six years, or by both such fine and im
Approved, July 31, 1861.
'The World Subject to the South.'
A Richmond (Va.) journal utters this idle
Luckily we cannot too often repeat or too
strongly impress it upon our readers, we of
the Southern States are wholly independent
of all co-operation from foreign Powers.—
We can live and prosper without assistance
fiom any quarter. But not so with other*.'
The most civilized and powerful nations of
tbe globe are directly dependent upon us for
their welfare, aDd even for the subsistence
of their people. It is this consideration of
self interest which will make them our
As we hate the Yankees with a hate which
every day only serves to increase and inflame
we rejoice at any circumstance which tend*
to multiply their enemies and embarrass
their condition. Next to being able to exter
minate them ourselves, the greatest pleasure
we can enjov is tn witness their extermina
tion by others. For this reason, it is, we
pray eternally that they may be involved in
horrible wars with all the Powers of the
earth—be Bwept from the ocean and be ex
terminated from tbe land.
The English, who have come to appreciate
the Yankees at his true value, aud entertain
a just contempt for bim, imagine, and proba
bly very correctly, that his doom is sealed,
without a iilow from them. But if that blow
is necessary, it will not be withheld.
THE PRATING CHRISTIAN SOLDIER. —On the
Sabbath morning on which the battle of
Lake Champlain was fought, the British
Commodore sent a man to the masthead to
see what the Americans were doing en Com
modore McDonough's ship. The look out
told bim that they were gathered about the
mainmast, and seemed to be at prayor.
" Ah," said commodore Downie, " that looks
well for them, but bad for us." And so it
proved, for at the very first shot from the
American ship, which was a chaiu'shot, the
British Commodore was cut in two and killed
in a moment. Commodore McDonongh was
a man of prayer, and brave as a lion in bat
tle. He died as he lived, a simple hearted,
A FATAL PRIZE.— The Cracow journals
announce the death in that city of a man
named Brikowski, who won th 2 great prize
of 250,000 florins in tho Austrian lottery
last year. To obtain immediate possession
of his fortune he paid a discount of 11,000
florins, but from the moment he got it in
his possession, he seems never to have en
joyed a moment's peace, so fearful was ha
that some robber would strip him of his un
expected wealth. He kept it in an iron
chest, locked up in an arched vault, and
visited it morning and night, to see that all
was safe, till at last, from excitement and
anxiety, he fell ill, and typhus supervening,
death soon delivered him from all his trou