Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, April 18, 1861, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    Cjt CUntre |1 eurocrat.
We Hew to the Line, let the Chips fall
where thev may.
Our Paper and the Times.
Strange times have befallen us. We have
"never seen it on this wise before." Every
body is excited and of course the excitement
reaches our office. Everybody is volunteer
ing to do battle for. their country, and of
course we too, most not all remain at home.
The Senior, is ot recruiting, and perhape,
'ere this, is "off. for the wars." One of otfr
apprentices, Mr. Geo. 11. Burkert, has left
us. lie enlisted in the services of his coun
try. and started with the Fencibles on Thurs
day last. We will do the hest we can to
furnish oar readers with the news, bat when
we get behind, they must bear with us.—
Theraare now but two of us left and we
cannot ferforai the labor of four.
The Military force and Arms of
From an official source, we learn that the
whole number of organized volunteer com
panies in this State is about 500, averaging
about 40 men to a company, making an ag
gregate of over 20,009 uniformed
The entire military force of the State is about
355,000 men capable of military duty. The
arms ot" the State are. all io possession of the
volunteer companies, and comprise 12,080'
muskets, 4706 rifles, 2809 cavalry swords
aod sabres, 3147 pistols, 69 pieces of ord
nance, being six pound bronze cannon. Of
the above there are only about 2500 muskets
of tho new model, 1200 improved rifles, and
500 cavalry swords.
The balance are unfit for active service,
being mostly of the heavy old flint lock. The
sixty-nine pieces of ordnance are in good
condition, with the exception of the carria
ges. From the above it will be seen that the
volunteers of the State have but 4200 effec
tive small arms, leaving a deficit for tbem
alone of 14,800. No arms are furnished 16
the militia by the State itself. All that are
now issued to the militia are furnished by
the United States to Pennsylvania. The
sum of §200,000 is annually appropriated to
the purchase of atms, to be distributed
among the States and Territories, in propor
tion to their representation in Congress. In
addition to the fitty uniformed companies
now enrolled in Philadelphia, two regiments
have been formed, which are intended for
immediate seryice, whenever called upon by
the Governor of Pennsylvania, or the Presi
dent of the United States,
In reference to requisitions being made up.
OB the Governor for troops, the sixth section
of the militia law of April 2d, 1822, which is
6till in force, provides " that when the Pres
ident of the United States shall have made
a requisition of a part of the militia of this
State for public service, the Adjutant Gener
al shall take the most prompt and efficaoious
measures for detaohing and supplying with
all necessary arms, equipments, ammunition
and provisions, the number of men required,
and for having them marched to the place of
rendezvous. Provided, the volunteer troops
and companies shall be first detached, and
may be kept.in service any time not exceed
ing six months. " The second seotion of the
came act provides " that the militia may be
called into serviee by the Governor in the
event of a rebellion, or an actual or threat
ened invasion of this or any neighboring
State ; but no portion shall be maintained in
service, at any one time, for a longer period
than three months, under the mere requisi
tion of the Governor, without the direction
or assent of the President of the United
Report of the Select Committee.
The select Committee appointed by both
branches of the Legislature to consider the
suggestions in the message of Gov. Curtin
recomending the organization of the militia
system, have agreed upon a bill which au
thorizes the appointment of an Adjutant
General, Commissary General and Quarter
Master General, whose duty it shall be to re.
organize the Military forces of this Common
wealth, and at the same time procure proper
arms and the necessary equipments for the
use of the same. In order to enable them to
do so a sum not exceeding $500,000 is propo
sed to be appropriated, to be raised either by
loan or taken direct from the Treasury.
We are satisfied that a loan will be unnec
essaiy, and that the usual resources will pay
all these expenses. It may, howeyer, BUS
pend the payment of a portion of the public
dept, but be this even possible the bill should
be passed without delay, and if there are any
ttry Democrats in the Legislature, who are
opposed to tbe execution of Laws and the
preservation of this Union, let them put their
votes on record and show to the world that
we have Traitors in our own midst. We
hope and trust, however, for the h- nor of the
State, that negative votes on this b 11 may be
confined to the Breckinridge wing of the par
ty, of which our neighbors of the Patriot and
Union are 6uch distinguished members, and
who should be known hereafter as the T R
IES or Telegraph.
resentatives to the next Congress are vet to
be chosen in the seven following States :
Virginia, May 23 California, Aug. 8
Tennesßee, Aug. I Maryland, Nov. 6
Kentucky, Aug. 5 Kansas,
North Carolina. Aug. 8
Two of the seceded States, South Caroli
na and Florida, have chosen their Represen
tatives, but it is not probable, under exist
ing circumstances, that they will attempt to
take their seats. Politically the members
already elected stand, Republicans 104,
Democrats 58.
Effect of the War News at Baltimore
llALTlM RE. April 12, Charleston news,
which was not generally promulgated here
vntil af.er night; has produced sensation
Though there is n great diversity of news,
tbe general expressions of the people, while
regreting the prospect of bloodshed, are on
the side of the Government,
Disgusted with Se3ession.
Our old friend, Ogilvie Byrou Young, the
sensation orator of the secession movement
in its earlier stages, has beeome tboronghly
disgusted with the whole affair, and comes
out from the treason. After talking himself
hoarse in the Border States, he finally went
to Montgomery to give moral, intellectual
and material aid to the Government of Jeff.
Davis. After watching a long time, he has
at last been disenchanted, and now openly
Recedes fVom secession. lie has written a
letter to a fady in Louisville, Ky., which is
an extraordinary specimen of composition-
We can make room for but two extracts. He
thus announces his conversion :
" You will be as much delighted as nston
ished to learn of my conversion and redemp
tion from the bonds of political death and in
iquity. My conversion has been as sudden,
but no less genuine, than that of Saint Paul,
who declared himself* the greatest of sinners'
such am I. ' But the scales haye fallen
from my eyes,' and I now see this most itn
natural and unnational Monster, SECESSION
in all bis Daked ugliness and hideous defor
mity. It is a splendid cheat—a magnificent
humbug—a stupendous lie—a gigantic de
ception, destined to dissolve before the light
of reason and good seDse, ' like the baseless
fabric of a dream. '
" I would to God all men could see and
comprehend this movement, and the aims ot
its originators as I do mw ; then would they
be swept off 'in the twinkling of an eye,' by
the irresistible decree of one united voice.—
But, like the arch deceiver of mankind, tkey
present not themselves nor their cause in
their true light."
lie next says that " these Southern trai
tors dare not reveal themselves to the people
in their real character. They dare not un
mask their purposes—were they—they would
be hurled, instantly, by an avenging popu
lace, to the Guilleting or the Bastile,"
After some more talk very much in the
same strain, he formally repudiates the Con
federate Government and its leaders. He
does it tho
" 01 such a foul set of uncorsecrated trai
tors, be it written upon my tomb, that I liv
ed and died in nothirg their debtor. I have
washed my hands of them forever, sighing
that my country ever should have been cur-
Bed by such inhuman monsters of turpitude
and depravity. They are a band of hydra
headed, trinled-tongued, cloven-footed, hell
begotten, Ileaven-forsaked set of unmitiga°
ted traitors—whom, if the entire earth was a
fulcrum, and the whole Heavens a lever,
Almighty God could not, in the space of a
thousand years elevate to the level of com
mon culprits. It there is rolled up in the
caliginous sheets of hell a more exquisite
piece ot cold-blooded, black-hearted treason
than Jeff. Davis, the Devil himself would ab
dictate his throne, and fiends would run
howling from the infernal shades, to-escape
the presence of a monster of depravity Too
hideous even for the damned to look upon.
A monster—who, living, every patriot breast
should abhor, and who, when his career of
misebief is ended, should go down the tide of
time with Arnold and Burr, to infamy ever
lasting. For him there is no redemption—
there is no intermedata purgatory—nothing
less than damnation awaits here and hear
Tho Southern Traitors and their
Allies in the North,
The schemes r.f the Tories and Traitors of
the country aro rapidly developing. The
mask is being removed. The Southern trai.
tors not only openly avow their treason, but
they are beginning to boast of their allies in
the North who am to assist them in inaugu
rating a new Confederacy, or in other words,
a grand Slave Confederacy oc the ruins of
the old United States ! This infamous and
most monstrous design is no longer kept se
cret. A member of the Cabicet of the Trai
tor Confederacy writes to the principle bank
ing house in New York, that he, the afore
said member of the traitor cabinet confiden
tially expects to dine in Washington next
Winter in his official capacity, and be regu
larly established at Washington. The game
is to make a bold stroke by which the South
will be consolidated and then by the aid of
the Northern Democracy to force the Consti
tution of the Southern Confederacy upon all
the States but New England. Another wri
ter from Montgomery, Alabama, uses the
following language:
" The great North West must accept the
Confederate Constitution, and ask admission
to the Confederacy of the South, thus forming
an ocean bound Republic. "
This then, in substance is the position of
the Northern tory party—for tories they eer
tainly are if ever this country was cursed with
them. They hope to get enough " weak
kneed " Republicans to deeert their princi
ples and join them in carrying Pennsylvania
for what has been knowD as Democracy, and,
after a victory, to join the Southern Confed
eracy and adopt the traitor Constitution- It
is a scheme through which they hope to get
by violence and fraud that which tbey could
not obtain by the regular course of law.
Let us not fold our arms, but be aroused,
on the alert, and prepared to defeat tbe con
spirators against our government in our own
mifst. The issue must be met. Let us all
not forget that the price of Liberty is " eter
nal vigilance."— Columbia County Republi
Who Compose the Militia ?
In these times of " wars and rumors of
wars," when the peace of our country is
threatened, and preparations are making to
put some States qn a war footing, we deem
it not inappropriate to lay before our readers
some statement showing who compose the
Militia, and who are exempt from perform
ing that duty.
The Act of Congress provid stbat all able
bodied white male ci: zens of the United
States, between the ages of eighteen and for
ty-five years, are liable to be called upon to
pvrfirm militia duty, and exempts therefrom
the Vice President of the United States, the
Julicial and Executive officers of the gov
ernment of the same, the members of both
Houses of Congress, and their respective offi
cers and th> ir o erks, postmasters, stage dri
vers, and other connected with the mail ser
v ce, ferrymen emyioyed at any ferry on any
post-road, inspectors of exports, pilots, ma
rines actually employed in tbe sea servioe of
any citizen or merchant within the United
States, and all other persons who are, or may
be, exempted by the laws of the respective
States of tbe Union, notwithstanding their
beiDg between the age of eighteen and forty,
five ytars.
Subsequent enactments have added to tbe
list of exempted persons the following:—
Post-riders, drivers of mail stages, assistant
postmasters and post office clerks. Decisions
of the Circuit Court of tbe United States for
the District oi Columbia, have also furnished
additional exemptions, yiz.: All Clerks in
the several departments at the seat of Gov
ernment, ani warrant officers in the Navy.
The Supreme Court of tbe United States
hold that a Justice of the Peace, in tbe Dis
trict of Columbia, is an officer of the Federal
Government, and alio exempt.
Limits of Patriotic Opposition.
Mo sensibe man objects to the existence of
parties in a free country. They subserve
some Very important uses and seem, if an
evil, necessary and incident to free States.
But there must, of course, be limits to the
legitimate action of an opposition party in
the Government. Opposition from patriotic,
or even from inferior motives, is to be allow
ed, in quiet times. But the case becomes
very different when an armed opposition is
made to the Government. The factious op
ponents of the Administration may, at such
times, come within the description of men
yielding aid and comfort to the enemies of
their country.
With the declaration of war, or the inaug
uration of decidedly warlike measures, the
country, in regard to the great measures of
the Administration, should be one. It is no
longer a question which relates to mere dif
ferences of opinion, or mere theories; no
longer a question of the management of one
or another set of men. The question relates
to the very existence of the nation. In infe
rior matters theie may be neutrality or op
position ; but in those of vital importance,
all patriots are ODe.
| The course of certain Northern papers is
I rapidly becoming intolerable to all true
Americans. There is no question before the
country now concerning slavery or any par
ticular platform ; the question is one of life
and death. If the end of the whole business
were the secession of half a dozen States qui
-1 etly from the Union, that would be one
thing. But it is quite another when we see
that demands in view of the supposed power
lessness of the government rise ever higher
a'nd higher; that its very forbearance is sup
posed to bs imbecility, and that the whole
nation was coming to consider it as a harm
less King .Log. There are most alarming
symptoms of demoralization as affecting the
entire people. It began to be felt that if the
authority of the goyernment were not n&w to
be enforced, a succession rf tentatiyes upon
its temper would, be tried in all quarters,
and the experiment be fully made, for dif
ferent motives, as to the point to which ra
pacity and insolence could go in bearding the
nation. It is by no means, therefore, merely
to bold th ese Confederate States in the Union
that the President pursues his present course,
but to sustain the very idea of sovereignty.
The plan of the Administration begins to
be clearly seen at last, in its general out
lines. It is as we laid it down early in this
month in the Bulletin, but maintaining an
armed defensive position. It would seem,
however, that the President claims the right,
under this general line of policy, of furnish
ing Fort Sumter with provisions by an un
armed vessel, and if this be fired on, then of
repelling force by force. In a similar spirit
he claims the right of reinforcing Fort Pick
ens with men and provisions.
The time has come, we repeat, when all
patriots should lay aside at once all opposi
tion to the Administration, in the matter of
war, as not only factious, but treasonable.—
Indeed, how far it is to be allowed in case of
open war, is a serious question, one thac pub
lic opinion at least will soon take up. All
honest men, however they have stood aloof
from politics, or from peculiar theories about
slavery, and however quiet and peaceful
their associations, are coming up to the sup
port of the Government. The nation breathes
more freely, since the war fleet has sailed. It
turns out now, (hat the policy of the Admin
istration is unfolding, that all felt uncomfort
able at the' former state of things, and that
war itself i 6 more endurable to the American
people than degradation. We contended
earnestly agaiDSt this fearful civil war, ao
long as we could ; but if it mast be so, the
sons of onr Revolutionary fathers can fight
for tfieir country, but cannot see it debased.
—Evening Bulletin.
Arms for the South.
It is reported that immense activity pre
vails at the private manufactories of arms in
Hartford and other portions of Connecticut,
and that orders from the South are constant
ly received and^filled
At a single factory in Hartford one hun
dred and fifty men are working day and
night, making patent rifles for the rebels of
the Confederate States. Great numbers of
the ordinary style of Sharpe's rifles are also
manufacturing in the same city.
It is further reported that the orders from
the military authorities of the Seceding States
are of the heaviest kind. - It is no unusual
circumstance to receive orders for work to
the amount of one hundred thousand dollars
a day.
These contracts, we are informed, are ex
clusively Southern, and we learn, moreover,
that they are invariably accepted and are
filling as rapidly as possible.
It thus appears that the Confederates, who
are now rebellious against the Government,
still find aid and ootnfort from the North, —
New York Post.
Pennsylvania Arming.
A bill has been reported in the House ap
propriating half a million of dollars for arm
ing and equipping the mi'itia of the state.—
It provides for the appointment of adjutant,
commissary and quartermaster generals by
tbe governor.
The vt'ar bill passed both houses to night,
without amendment. Gov. Curtin waited at
the exro itive office to sign it. It is signed.
The Uhaleßton dispatches about hostilities
were announced in both houses, and produ
ced a profound sensation.
Mr. Smith, a Democratic member of the
Ilouee, after the Charleston dispatches were
received, changed his vote to aye on the war
bill, Ali the Democrats in both bouses vo
ted against it. The bill appropriates $500,-
000 for the purpose of arming aDd equipping
the militia; authorizes a temporary loan;
provides for the appointment of an adjutant
general, commissary general, and quarter
master general, who, with the governor, are
to haye power to carry the act into effect.
In the hour of danger, the people of Penn
sylvania are always true to themselves and
their country. Tradition testifies as elo
quently as the present enthusiatically bears
witness to their valor, and we have no fear,
notwithstanding the efforts which are being
made by the sympathisers wbich treason in
our own midst, to thwart the intention of
Pennsylvania arming for the crisis, that
when a call is made, it will be responded to
in number beyond expectation. The follow
ing from the Philadelphia Evening Journal
is cheering in this particular:
As we have frequently asserted, Pennsyl
vanians are slow in being aroused, but once
stirred up, they are " terrible as an army
with banners." In various parts of our city
the citizen soldiery are bestirring themselves,
but in so private and unostentatious a style,
that they are ssarsely heard of.
Again, in the Fourth District, we learn
that one thousand Wide Awakes have or
ganized, and are drilling nightly, to be pre
pared for any emergency.
Thus it will be seen that, in the hour of
peril, Philadelphia, and all Pennsylvania,
will ba found in the front ranks.
Much quiet going on in our
Correspondence between General
Beauregard and the Confede
rate Secretary of War.
The Rebels Open Fire on Fort
An Embrasure Made in the Walls
of Sumpter.
The Firing- Ceased for the Night, to Com
mence in the Morning.
Unconditional Surrender of Fort
CHARLESTON, April J2.—The fight has com.
menced. This is all I can say at present.
CHARLESTON, April 12. —The ball has been
opened at last, and war is inaugurated.
The batteries on Sullivan's Island, Morris
Island, and other points, opened on Fort Sum
ter at 4 o'clock this morning.
Fort Sumter returned the fire, and a brisk
cannonading has been kept up.
No information has been received from the
seaward yet.
The militia are under arms, and the wbole
of our population are on the streets.
Every available space facing the harpor is
filled with arxious spectators.
CHARLESTON, April 12—The following is
the telegraphic correspondence which took
place between the War Department of the
Confederate Government and Gen. Beaure
gard, immediately preceding the commence
ment of the hostilities. The correspondence
grew out of the formal notification of the Uni
ted States Government, disclosed in Gen,
Beauregard's first despatch :
CHARLESTON, April B.—To Hon. L. P.
Walker, Secretary of War:—An authorized
messenger from Lincoln has just informed
Gov. Pickeos and myself that provisions will
be sent to Fort Sumter, peaceably if possible,
otherwise by lorce.
(Signed) G.T.Beauregard.
MONTGOMERY, April 10.—Gen. G, T, Beau
regard, Charleston :—lf you have no doubt of
the authorized character of the agent who
communicated to you the intention of the
Washington Government to supply Fort
Sumter by force, you will at once demand its
evacuation; if this is refused, proceed in
such manner as you may determine, to re
duce it. Answer.
(Signed,) L. P. Walker, Sec. of War.
CHARLESTON, April 10. —To L. P. Walker,
Secretary of War:—The demand will be
made to-morrow at 12 o'clock.
(Signed) G.T.Beauregard.
MONTGOMERY, April 10. —Gen. Beauregard
—Charleston :—Unless there are especial
reasons connected with yonr own condition,
it is considered proper that you should make
the demand at an earlier hour.
(Signed) L. P. Walker, See, of War.
CHARLESTON, April 10.—To L. P. Walker,
Secretary of War, Montgomery The rea
sons are special for twelve o'clock.
(Signed) G. T, Beauregard.
CHARLESTON. April 10'. —To L. P. Walker,
Secretary of War: —The demand was sent at
two o'clock. Allowed till six to answer.
(Signed) G. T. Beauregard.
MONTGOMETY, April 11th.—Gen. Beaure
gard, Charleston. —Telegraph the reply of
(Signed) L. P. Walker, Sec. of War,
CHARLESTON, April II.—L. P. Walker, Se
cretary of War.—Major Anderson replies as
" I have the honor to acknowledge the re
ceipt of your communication of this fort, and
say in reply thereto, that it is a demand with
which I regret that my Bense of honor, and of
my obligation to my Government, prevent
toj compliance."
lie adds, verbally, " I will await the firs,
shot, and if you do not batter us to pieces
we will be starved in a few days." Answer.
(Signed) G.T.Beauregard.
MONTGOMERY, April 11. —To Gen. Beaure
gard, Charleston : —We do not desire need
lessly to bombard Fort Sumter. If Major
Anderson will state the time at which, .as
indicated by him, he will evacuate, and
agree that, in the meantime, he will not use
bis guns against us unless ours should be
employed against Sumter, you are author
ized thus to avoid the effusion cf blood. If
this, or its equivalent, be refused, reduce the
fort as your judgment decides to be most
(Signed,) L. P. Walker, Sec. of War.
The Plan of the "United States Govern
ment Disclosed by Intercepted Des
CHARLESTON, April 12.— T0 L. P. Walker,
Secretary of War:—lie would not consent.
I write to-day.
G. T. Beauregard.
CHARLESTON, April 12. —Intercepted des
patches disclose the fact that Mr. Fox, who
had been allowed to visit Major Anderson, on
the pledge that his purpose was pacific, em
ployed his opportunity to devise a plan for
supplying the fort by force, and that this
plan had boen adopted by the Government
at Washington, and was in progress of exe
CHARLESTON, April 12th.—( Received in
Philadelphia 9.30 P. M. )— The firing has
continued all day,witho£ intermission.
Two of Fort Sumter's guns have been si
It is reported that a breach has been made
in the southeast wall of Fort Sumter.
The answer made by Major Anderson to
Gen. Beauregard's demand was, that he
would surrender when hie supplies were ex
hausted, if he was not reinforced.
Not a casualty has as yet happened to any
of our meD, (the Carolinians.)
Cf the nineteen batteries in position, only
seven haye opened on Fort Sumter. The re
mainder are held in reserve fer the expected
Two thousand men reached the eity this
morning, and embarked for Morris Island
and other points in that neighborhood.
CHARLESTON, April 12th.— ( Received in
Philadelphia at 10.30 P- M ) —The bombard
ment of Fort Sumter still continues.
The Floating battery and Stephens' battery
are operating freely.
Fort Sumter continues to return the fire.
It is reported that three war vessels are
outside the bar.
CHARLESTON, April 12—The firing has
ceased for the night, to be renewed at day
light in the morning, unless an attempt be
made in the meantime to reinforce Fort
Sumter, to repel which, ample arrangements
have been made.
The Seoeders worked their guns admirably
Only two were wounded during the day.
The Pawnee, Harriet Lane, and a third
war steamer, are reported off the bar.
Fresh troops are arriving here by every
CHARLESTON, April 12th, —( Received in
Philadelphia April lZth , 2 o'clock, A• M- )
The bombardment of Fort Sumter is stiil go
ing on, every twenty minutes, from the mor
It is supposed that Major Anderson is rest
ing his men for the night, as he has ceased
to reply.
Three vessels of war are reported outside,
but they cannot get in. The sea is very
Nobody on the Carolina side haß been hurt
by this day's engagement.
floating battery works well.
Every inlet is w.ell guarded.
There are lively times on the Palmetto
CHARLESTON, April 13—12.30 A. M.—lt
will be utterly impossible to reinforce Fort
Sumter to-night, as a storm is raging, and
the 6ea is very rough.
The mortar batteries wiil bo kept playing
on Fort Sumter all night.
CHARLESTON, April 13. At intervals of
twenty minutes, the firing was kept up all
night on Fort Sumter.
Major Anderson ceased to fire at 6 o'clock
in the evening.
All night he was engaged in repairing the
damages done to the fort, protecting the guns
in barbette on the parapet.
He commenced to return the fire this
morniDg at 7 o'clock, but seemed to be great
ly disabled.
The battery en Cummings' Point is doing
Fort Sumter great damage.
At 9 o'clock this morning, a dense smoke
poured out from the walls of Fort Sumter.
CHARLESTON, April 13.—Evening.—Fort
Sumter has unconditionally surrendered. —
The news has been received in a reliable
Ex-Senator Chesnut and ex-Governor Man
ning, and W. Porcher Miles have just land
ed, and marched to the Governor's house,
followed by a dense crowd of people, who are
wild with joy. They bring the particulars.
It was reported t'.iat ten of the garrison at
Fort Sumter had been killed, but yonr repor
ter has just had an interview with W. Por
cher Miles, who has just returned from a
visit to Fort Sumter, and is assured by him
that no one was killed.
Msjor Anderson stated that he surrender
ed his sword to Gen. Beauregard as the rep
resentative cf the Confederate Government,
Gen. Beauregard said he would not receive
it from so brave a man. He says Major An
derson made a staunch fight, and elevated
himself in the estimation of every true Cars
BALTIMORE, April 12, P. M.— Private des
patches from good authorities have been re
ceived here from Charleston.
is positively asseretd that fighting com
menced about daylight.
The South Carolina batteries first opened
fire from Cummings' Point, about threi
fourths of a mile distant.^
At last accounts on openirg had been
made in the weakest part of Fort Sumter.—
The walls have yielded to the heavy cannon,
It has been impossible to obtain any m
formrtion relative to the killed or wounded,
Orders have been forwarded to Baltimore for
large supplies of chloroform.
The firing during the day has evidently
been very brisk from both sides.
""Two of the guns of Fori Sumter have been
silenoed, but there is reason to believe that
the garrison has escaped thus far with very
little or no loss of life.
The telegraph line at Charleston ii under
the surveillance of the leaders of the Seces
sion party, and is therefore impossible to ob
tain accurate statement of the loss of the Re
The excitement here is terrible W.
ISVILLE. —The only outright secession candi
date for the Mayoralty in this city on Sat
urday was Mr. Devan. Mr. D, published
his proclamation day after day in the Couriw
er, declaring that he was an Alabamian by
birth, that be was a State Rights man, and
that be would have Kentucky|go out with the
Cotton States. We did not read the docu
ment, but such, we are told, was its import.
The editor of the Courier called to it the es
pecial attention of the voters. Moreover Mr.
D. was known to be very popular personally,
and deservedly so. Under these circumstan
ces he was of course expected to receive an
amount of support that would serve both at
home and abroad as a most imposing display
of disunion strength. He was relied on to
bear the disunion banner far up in the sky.
Mr. Dean received just Jorty two votes in our
whole city!! I—Louisville Journal.
By This Evening's Mails.
WASHINGTON, April 16th.— Yesterday afternoon
the peace party were encouraged by learning that
some of the erders directing the volunteers de
manded from Northern States to hasten here, had
been countermanded. It was understood that
General Scott, who is a Virginian by birth, feared
that bringing New England troops here would in
flame the Richmond Secessionists. lie was also
in favor of increasing the regular forces, but re
garded the assembling of volunteers in a hurried
manner as productive or enormous expense—
Neither would it be easy to provide supplies h re
where there are no stores of provisions.
It is nnderstoed that General Scott desired to
assembled the armies of reserve into which the
greater portion of the volunteere would be incor
porated. One of these was to be at Carisle—
Pennsylvania— and the other at Cairo Illinois.—
The volunteers thus assembled where to be habi
tuated to camp life and ready fcr any emergency.
Friends of the Union did not fancy this, as
Virginia might secede, and at once threaten t his
metropolis by erecting mortar-batteries on the
the highths across the Potomac, besides seizing
forts and arsenals within her limits. They
urged prompt, decisive action, and above all, the
immediate assembling of troops enough to ensure
this city against attack.
The Refusals.
The refusals sfthe Governors of several States
to furnish their quotas turned the scale, and soon
we shall have the loyal volunteers here, in large
numbers. Ample arangements will be made for
their reception and supply of provisions, as agents
have been sent to Baltimore to make large pur
chases of meat and flour.
The Secession of Virginia.
The impression here is that that the Virginia
Secession Ordinance will pass the Convention to
morrow, and that it is to be submitted to the peo
ple for approval or re?ectiou.-
A Misunderstanding.
A lady had some surplus grease,
For soap fat put away ;
She said to Pat, her serving-man,
" If you should see, to-day,
"The 'fat man,' you must call him in,
For I the man would see ; .
I will this grease no longer keep,
'lis worthless quite to me."
That afternoon, a portly man,
Who had a double chin,
Was going by, and Pat ran out,
To call the fat man in.
He said, "My mistress wants you, sir ;
She told me so, to day—
She said that I must call you in,
. If you should come this way."
The man walked in, the servent went
His mistress to alarm ;
He said, " I've called a fut man in,
He's in the parlor, marm."
" He's in the parlor!" cried the dame,
" What business has he there?"
And full of wrath, she hurried in,
As savage as a bear.
One glance she took, and all her wrath
Was changed at once to glee—
The fat man was a preacher, fat,
The Rev. Moses B .
'Twas soon explained, why he'd received
The unexpected call ;
And, highly pleased, he gave to Pat
A suit from Tower Hall.
A splendid assortment of Spring Clothing, at
wholesale and retail, at the lowest cash prices.
at Tower Hall, 518 Market Street, Philadelphia.
The following accounts
have been examined and passed by me, and re
main filed of record in this office for the inspec
tion of Heirs. Legatees, creditors and all others in
any way interested, and will be presented to the
Orphan's Court of Centre county to be held at
Bellefonte, on Wednesday April 24th for allowance
and confirmation:
Ist. The account of John W. Hays, Adm'r. of
John W. A Martha H. Donaghy, late of Howard
township, deo'd.
2d. Tho account of John Shannon, Adm'r., of
Rebecca Tanyer, late of Potter twp., dec'l.
3d. The aocount of James Gordon, Adm'r., of
Martin Harnish, late of Walker twp., deo'd.
4th. The account of Michael Boyer, Adm'r-, of
David Forney, late of Penn twp., dee'd.
5.h. The account of Michael Roan, Guardian of
Benj. Dunkle, minor child of Jacob Dunkle, late
Gregg twp,, dee'd.
6th. The account of Jos. Wilson, Guardian of
Enoch A George Hastings, minor children of
Daniel Hastings, late of Harris twp., dee'd.
7th. The account of Isaac S. Frane, Executor o T
the estate of Jacob Shoemaker, late of Gregg twp.
Bth. The account rff Frederick Burkert Guar
dian of Rebecca and William Harper, miner chil
dren of Geo. Harper, late of Miles twp., dee'd.
9th. The aooeunt of R. H. Duncan, Adm'r., of
John F. Hays, late of Gregg twp., dee'd.
10th. The account of John and Jonas Stine,
Adm'rs. of Jonas Stine, Sr., late ol Patton town
ship. dee'd.
11th. The account of Jno. P. Packer, Adm'r' of
Jacob Bear, late of Howard twp , dee'd.
12th. The account of Adam Hostcrman A Sam.
Krape, Executors of Adam Krape, late of Penn
towp., dee'd. WM. H. LONGWELL, Reg'r.
Reg'rs Office, Bellefonte, mar. 21, '6l.—tc.
Post office at Bellefonte, April 1, 1861.
Allard, Susan Hill, Rev. Louis
Atherton. W, Watson Holland, Nicholas
Aber, Robert Koch, Sallie M. B.
Addison, James Keffer, Henry
Butler, Jane Lawrence, Joseph
Bechdol, Joseph Mease, George
Conner, Joseph McKinney, Mrs. John
Campbell, Joseph Maek. Bartle
Caulfield, Hans Miess, John M.
Gorl, John Mitohel, John
Casey, Bridget Neidigh, John
Decker, Adam, Pennabaker, Dr. S. B.
Deunlap, Hannah Maria Roop, Mattie
Davis, Jos. W. Roush, 3. A H,
Edmon, John Righter, James
Ernst, Micheal Smith, Samuel P,
Foresman, Eliza Stover, Uriah
Fox Micheal Stewart, Irwin
Fournie, Nazair 3 Shirk, Harriet
Gill, Susana Baylor, Elizabeth
Grow, George N, Thomas, M iss Marion
Glenn, S. A. Turner, Carrie H.
Gross, William Weaver, Maria
Getty, James S. Willits, S, L.
Goss, A Dunn 2 Walter, Charles
Harris, R. T. " Wolles. Franklin
Hahn, John
All persons calling for letters in the above list
will please say that they are advertised
Latest Styles, which will be sold at the low
est possible prices. None need look elsewhere as
any taste can be suited from our large and new
We have also a fine assortment of SHAKERS,
palm and willow colored and white. Persons de
siring goods at prices to suit the times would find
it to their advantge to buy of the undersigned
who have a choice stock of all goods generally
found in a country store.
mar. 21, '6l.—tf.] TONNER A STEEL.
The undersigned has on
hrnd and for sale a large supply of Posts of all
kinds, which will be sold in quantities to suit, pur
chasers and at reasonable priees. Persons wish
ing to buy will please call on the subscriber at his
residence in Milesburg, or upon Mr. 'Wagner at
the Milesburg MilL JAMES BROWN.
Jan. 17, '6l.
Ayer's Sarsaparilla.
THE above work is commended to the favora
ble notice of clergymen, and those having
charge of Sunday-schools, Bible classes, and pub
lic institutions.
It is about nine feet long and six feet wide, col
ored and varnished, and mounted on canvass with
It has been constructed from the iaest reliable
and authenlio sources, and will be found an in
valuable aid to those eng iged in lecturing on the
Holy land, er imparting instruction to school,
classes on the subject to which it refers,
It aims to give an exact idea of the city as it
appeared in ancient times. It is taken as a 'birds
eye' or 'balloon' view, the beholder being, in im
agination, placed at a considerable elevation, so
as to take a comprehensive view of the city and
of the whole country for some distance around.
The view is accompanied with an Outline Key,
in which the different localities are numbered,
and a descriptive manual containing all the in
formation necessary to enable one to use the view
to anvantage in teaching or lecturing.
rHIS is a Weekly Religious Paper, published
at the very low price of
It is designed for Parents, Teachers, and all
who are engaged or interested in the religious
traning of the young. It is also an excellent Fam
ily Paper.
A portion of the Sunday School Times is occu
pied with NARRATIVES and other matter par
ticularly interesting to young persous. Teachers
will find is it much that they will like to read
to their classes—interesting matter prepared to
their hands, and such as they cannot find else
wheie. For the same reasons, members of Bible
classes, and older scholars generally, will be great
ly benefitted by the perusal of this paper.
The Sunday School Times has every week a re
port of the choicest matter, selected from the
NOON PRAYER-MEETINGS, which are so in
teresting to all classes of Christians.
Besides a large amount of general religious in
telligence, the Sunday-School Times containes all
the most recent Sunday-school news. It reports
all important CONVENTIONS of Sunday-school
teachers. It discusses the questions which moat
interest and perplex teachers and parents, respect
i g the various methods of religious training for
the young, the means of gaining the attention and
the affections of children, and especially of seour
ing their converson and bringing them to Christ.
The subject of MISSION-SCHOOLS for cities,
and of Sunday-school missionary work for the in
terior, is thoroughly canvassed. Indeed, there is
hardly a topic of practical importance to any who
are interested in the subject of religious education,
which is not here brought under consideration
from week to week.
The conductors of this paper endeaver to rev
member that the great end of all Christian effort is
to, bring men to Christ. They aim, aceordinglv,
to pet into every number ef the paper something
which shall have for its direct object the conver
sion of souls.
The Proprietors of the Sunday-School Times
having acquired the exclusive right of sale of the
splendid work mentioned above, Iho MAP OF
ANCIENT JERUSALEM, offer it as a special
premium to those superintendents, teachers, or
others, who will assist in getting subscribers to the
We offer this superb premium to anyone who
will send us the names of 12 new subscribers and
sl2 in cash.
In every case, before beginning to can
vass, be sure to write to us and obtain the neces
sary documents and instructions. These will hotp
you greatly in prosecuting the work, and will
save you many mistakes. Euclose 6 cents in
stamps to pay postage. Address
148 South Fourth street, Philadelphia.
N. B.—Specimens of the Sunday School Times,
and a copy of the Map of Ancient Jerusalem, may
be seen at the store of Tonner A Steel, Bellefonte,
Pa. [apr. 11, 1861.—2 m,
NOTICE. —The following named persons have
filed, in the office of the Clerk of the Court
of Quarter Sessions of Centre county, tueir peti
tions for License at the April Sessions next,
agreeably to the act of Assembly, of March 28th,
1856, entitled "An Act to regulate the sale of in
toxicating Liquors," Ac.:
Wm.Musser, Tavernj Gregg Twp,
John Huges, " Potter "
Simon Long, " " "
L. W. Rittenhouse, " " "
Geo, Foust, " " "
Geo. Otenkirk, " " "
John Bradin, " Rush "
J. D. McGirk, " " "
Robert Loyd, " " "
William Myers, " •' "
Hugh Adams, '* "
R. D. Cummings, " Worth ♦
JohD Russel, " Haines "
11. B. Messina, " " "
Geo. Miller, " " >•
Christian Hubler, . " " "
Jonas A. Fry, " " "
D. B. Stover, " " "
Henry Shafer, " Miles "
Adam Stover, " " "
Daniel Kreamer, " " "
David Mutersbaugh, " Ferguson "
Geo. Taylor, " Union "
Jas. Jack, " Hirris "
Rebecca Musser, " Penn "
Tobias Wetzer, " Walkor *•
Samuel Boyor, " " "
Tobias Wetzel, " " "
Daniel Kuhns, " Liberty "
J. Q. Williams, " " "
J. W. Gardner, " Howard "
Sarah Loy, " Burnside "
Martin Dolan, " Boggs "
Geo. Corman, " Spring "
J hn Copenhaven, " Taylor "
T. M. Hall,. " Milesburg Boro 1
Daniel Boileau. " " •'
John McMonigal, " Bellefonte "
J. B. Butts, " h "
P. B, Kephart, " •' "
Edward Brown, " " "
D, M, Wagner, Store, " "
May A Loeb, " " "
Martin Stone, " " "
S. S. Carpenter, " Phillipsburg, Rush.
Margaret Wolf, Eating House, Boalaburg.
mar. 28,1861. to.
(Successors to G. W. Jackson,)
T"I AVE just received a largo and extensivo
-LJ- assortment of
Hats and Caps,
dec., dec.
Their stock of Spring and Summer Ladies' faH
cy Dress Goods, cannot be excelled by any other
house i Central Pennsylvania, and embraces ev
ery variety of style and quality. The
are also very superior—while the supply of Gro
ceries, Teas. Coffees, Ac, is worthy of the atten
tion of the public and customer. Apr 4, '6l;
The subscriber re
spectfully informs the public that he has erected a
Lime Kiln near the Borough of Bellefonte, where
he is making Lime of a superior quality, which is
acknowledged to be as white and pure as the Ply
mouth lime. All he asks is to give it a trial, and
he is satisfied the purchaser will come back again.
mar. 21, 1861.—6 m.] LEON MACKALL.
J. E. THOMAS, A, M., Principal.
THE Summer term will open, Wednesday April
24th, 1861. Terms $45 per session ef five
months, [apr. 11,'61. —St.