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®hc Centre lemorrat.
% JFamilg Itefospager—setoteb to politics, Cmgfranre, literature, Science, ®jje Utecjrcnics, Agriculture, ®|re ©mention, Amusement, intelligence, sc.,
J. S. & J. J. BRISBIN,
Sjjt Centre §emoerat.
•2PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY. BY
J. S. & J- J. BRISBIN.
Ofllo* in Reynolds' Iron Front, Second Floor.
YBBHS. —SI,SO if paid in advance or within six
months after subscribing,otherwise $2 will invari
ably be charged. No subscriptions received for
a shorter period than six months and none dis
continued, unless at the option of the editor, until
all arrearages are paid.
SJ. MURRY, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW,
A BELLEFONTE, PENN'A. Office on High St.,
in the building formerly occupied by tne Hon.
James Burnside, deo'd. [mar. 14, 1861. —tf.
Ti/r'AIALISTER & BEAVER
JYJL i'TTORNEYS-AT- LAW, BELLEFONTE, FA
Vffi ce on Allegheny Street. Feb. 10'69
J? M. BLANCHARD- ATTORNEY
PI . -AT-DAW, BELLEUNTB, PKNN'A. Offioo
formrly occupied by the Hon. James Burnside.
Jan. 19, *6o.—tf.
TOT W BROWX-ATTORNEY-AT-
V? * LAW BELLEFONTE, FENNA. Will attend to
ail legal business entrusted to him, with prompt
ness. May, 5 '69.
TAS. H. RANKIN, ATTORNEY-AT
ty LAW, BELLEFONTE.JPA. will attend prompt
ly to all legal business entrusted to him. Office
next door to the Post Office. [S spt. 20, '6O, tf
J. HOCKM AN , SURVEYOR AND
. CONVEYANCER, BELLEFONTE, PA., will
attend to and correctly execute all businesi en
trusted te him. [June 14,-'6O, —tf.
C*£o. T. POTTER. HI. D.
OFFICE on High street, (oldoffice,) Bellefonte
Pa. Will attend to professional calls as
heretofore, and respectfully offers bis professional
Mrvioes his friends and the public. 0ct.26'58
H A. FAIRLAMB, H. D. JAB. A. DOBBINS, M. D
i \R. FAIRLAMB has associated with him DR
JL/ I- H. DOBBIN''.in the practice of medicine
lffice as heretofore on Bishop street, opposite the
Temperance Hotel. March 19,57.
DR. JAS. P. GREGG, respeictlully offer
his professional services to tho people of
Milosburg and vicinity. Residenoe, Daniel R.
Boileau's National Hotel.
Refer to Dr. J. M. McCoy, Dr. G. L. Potter, Dr.
f. B. Mitchell. [Nov. S, IB6o.—tf.
WM. REIBER, SURGEON AND
*V PHYSICIAN, having permanently located
•ffew his Professional services to the citizens of
Fine Grove Mills and vicinity, ana respectfully
••licit* a liberal portion of the public patronage.
[Feb. 16, '6o.—ly.
J. J. LINGLE, Operative
JwresaSßL and Mechanical Dentist, will prac-
T r tice all the various branches of his
profession in the most approved manner. Offioe
and residence on Spring St.Bollefonte' Pa.
[Mar. 8.'60. tf.
TAS. F. RIDDLE. ATTORNEY-AT
LAW, BELLEFONTE PA. Will atttend to all
business entrusted to him with care and prompt-
Bess, Refer to Gov. Pollock, Milton Pa. and
Ron. A: G. Curtin, Bellefonte Pa. Office with
John H. Stover jan. 6, '6O.
w. whiter DENTIST, has per
-0 manently located in Boalsburg, Centre
€ounty Pa. Office on main St., next door to the
More of Johnston A Keller, where he purposes
practising his profession in the most scientific
■kanuer and at moderate charges. mar.
O. FUR ST, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW
• BELLEFONTE, P/.. , will attend promptly to
•11 business entrusted to his care. Office eu
• orthwest corner of the Diamond.
Will practice in the several Courts of Centre
mid Clinton counties. Jan. 24,'61 -tf.
IRA C. MITOHELL. CYHOS.T. ALEXANDER
MITCHELL & ALEXANDER.
ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, BELLEFONTE PFNNA.
Having associated themselves in the practice
•f law, will atten 1 promptly to all business en
trusted to their care
Office in the Arcade. [Nov! 1, '6o.—tf.
DEEDS BONDS, MORTGAGES, AND AR
TICLES OF AGREEMENT neatly and cor
rectly executed. Also, attention will be given to
the adjustment of Book Accounts/and aocounts
f Adminstratiors and Executors prepared for filing,
•fice next door to the Post Office.
Oct., 19th, '6B, AVM. J. KEALSH.
JOHN H. STOVER
* TTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
J\ BELLEFONTE, PA., will practice his pro
fession in the several courts of Centre county.—
All business entrusted to him will be carefully at
tended to. Collections made and all monies
promptly remitted. Office, on High st formerly
•pcuped by Judge Burnside, and D. C. Boal, Esq.
wherehe can be consulted both in the English and
inthe german language. May 6, '58—22 ly.
ARB. KACMANCS. W. P. MACMANUS
ATTORNEY'S-AT-LAW, BELLEFONTE, PA.,
Office in the rooms formerly ooenpied by
Linn A Wilson, Allegheny street. Jas. Macman
iishas associated with W. P. Macmanus, Esq., in
the practice of law. Professional business intrus
tedt o their care will receive prompt attention.
They will attehd the several Courts in the Coun
ties of Centre, Clinton and Clearfield.
June 21, '6O, tf.
TJALE & HOY ATTORNEYS-AT
XI LAW, will attend pro nptly to all business
entru stedto their care. Office in the building
formerly occupied by Hon, Jas. T. Hale.
Messrs. Hale A Hoy will attend to my business
during my absence in Congress, and will be as
sisted by me in the trial of all causes entrustedto
them. J. T. HALE. jan 5'1860
CURTIN & BLANCHARD.
A TTORNEY'S-AT-LA W, BELLEFONTE, PENNA
The undersigned having associated them
selves in the practise of Law, will faithfully at
tend to all professional business entrusted to them
In Centre, Clintion and Clearfield counties. All
•ollections placed in their hands, will receive
their promt attention. Office in Blanohard's new
building on Allegheny street.
Nov. 30 'SB CURTIN A BLANCHARD.
BJMJYKIJYCr HOUSE OF
WM. F.. REYNOLDS & CO.
BELLEFONTE, CENTRE CO., PENN'A.
Bills cf Exchange and Notes discounted ; Collec
tions made and Funds promptly remitted. Inter,
est paid on Special Deposits, Exchange on the
Eastern cities constantly on hand and for sale.
Deposits received. April 7 'SB
WM. HARDING, FASHIONABLE BARBER AND
HAIR DRESSER, BELLEFONTE, PA., Has
epened a Barber Shop one door above the Frank
lin House, where he can be found at all times.—
Good Razors, keen and sharp, kept constantly on
hand. Hair Dressing, Nhampooning, Ac., atten
ded to in the most workman-like manner. He
hopes by strict attention to business to reuelve a
liberal share of publie patronage.
Great Work on the Horse.
THE HORSE & HIS DISEASES
BY ROBERT JENNINGS, V. S.,
PROPESSORTOF PATHOLOGY AND OPERATIVE SUR
GERY IN THE CSLLBGE OF PHILADELPHIA, ETC.
WILL TELL You of the Origin, History and dis
tinctive traits of the various breeds of
European, Asiatio, African and Amer
ican Horses, with the physical forma
tion and peculiarities of the an mal,
and bow to ascertain his ago by the
number and condition of his teeth ;
illustrated with numerous explanate.
THE HORSE AND HIS DISEASES
WILL TELL You of Breeding, Breaking, Stabling,
Feedixg, Grooming, Shoeing, and
the general management of the horse,
witi the best modes of administering
medicine, also, how to treat Biting
Crib Biting, Restlessness, and other
vices to which he is subject; with nu
merous explanatory engravings.
THE HORSE AND HIS DISEASES
WILL TELL You of the causes, symptoms, and
Treatment of Strangles, Sore Throat,
Distemper, Catarrh, Influenza, Bron
chitis. Pneumonia, Pleurisy, Broken
Wind, Chronic Cough, Roaring and
Whistling, Lampas, Sore Mouth and
Ulcers, and Decayed Teeth, with oth
er diseases of the Mouth and Respi.
THE HORSE AND HIS DISEASES
WILL TELL YOU of the causes, symptoms, and
Treatment of Worms, Bots, Colic,
Strangulation, Stony Concretions,
Ruptures, Palsy, Diarrhoea. Jaundice,
Hepatirrhoea, Bloody Urine, Stones
in the Kidneys and Bladder, Inflama
tion, and other diseasos of the Stom
ach, Bowels, Livor and Urinary Or
THE HORSE AND HIS DISEASES
WILL TELL YO>I of the causes, symptoms, and
Treatment of Bone, Blood and Bog,
Spavin, Ring-bone, Sweenie, Strains,
Broken Knees, Wind Galls, Founder,
Sole Bruise and Gravel, Cracked
Hoofs, Scratches, Canker, Thrush and
Corns; also, of Megrims, Vertigo,
Epilepsy, Staggers, and other diseas
es of the Feet, Legs, and Head.
THE HORSE AND HIS DISEASES
WILL TELL YOU of the causes, symptoms, and
Treatment of Fistula, Poll Evil, Gla
nders, Farcy, Scarlet Fever, Mange,
Surfeit, Locked Jaw, Rheumatism,
Cramp, Galls, Diseases of the Eye A
Heart, Ac., Ac., and how to manage
Castration, I leedine, TreDhinning.
Rowellng, Firing, Hernia, Amputa
tion, Tapping, and other surgical op
THE HORSE AND IIIS DISEASES
WILL TELL YOU of Rarey's Method of taminj
Horses; how to Approach, Ha/ter, or
Stablo a Colt; how to accustom •
horse to strange sounds and sights,
and how to Bit, Faddle, Ride, and
Break him to Harness ; also, the form
and law of WARRANTY. The whole
being the result of more than fifteen
years' caroful study of the habits, pe
culiarities, wants and weakness oi this
noble and useful animal.
The book oontains 384 pages, appropriately IL
lustrated by nearly One Hundred Engravings. It
is printed in a clear and open type, and will be
forwardod to any address, postage paid, on receipt
ofprice, half bound, $1 00, or in cloth, extra,s 1,25.
SIOOO A YEARS". 1 :?: 1 ,!
prising men everywhere, in sel.ing the above, and
other popular works of ours. Our inducements
to all such are exceedingly liberal.
For single cepies of the Book, or for terms to
agents, with other information, apply to or address
JOHN E. POTTER, Publisher,
No. 617 Snsom St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Nov. 8, 1860,—6 m.
The People's Cook Book,
IN ALL ITS BRANCHES,i
MISS ELIZA ACTON.
CAREFULLY REVISE© BY Airs. S.J. HALB.
It Tells You hotv to c'hoese all kinds of Meats,
Poultry, aud Game, with all the various
apd most approved modes of dressing
and cooking Beef and Pork; also the
best and simplest way of salting, piok
ling and curing the same.
It Tells You All the various and most approved
modes of dressing, cooking, and boning
Mutton, Lamb, Veal, Poultry, and
Game of all kinds, with the different
Dressings, Gravies, and Stuffiiugs ap
propriate to each.
It Tells You how t choose, clean, and preserve
Fish cf all kinds, and how to sweeten it
when tainted; also the various and
most adproved modes of cooking, with
the different Dressings, Sauces, and Fla
vorings appropriate to each.
It Tells You all the various and most approved
modes of preparing over fifty different
kinds of Meat, Fish, Fowl, Game, and
Vegetable Sonps, Broths, and Stews,
with the Relishes and Seasonings ap
propriate to each.
It Tells You all the various and most approved
modes of cooking Vegetables of every
description, also how to prepare Pickles,
Catsups and Curries of all kinds, Potted
Meats, Fish, Game, Musbroons, Ac.
Tells You all the varrious and most approved
modes of preparing and cooking all
kinds af Plain and Fancy Pastry, Pud
dings, Omeletts, Fritters, Cakes, Con
fectionery, Preserves, Jellies, and,sweet
Dishes of every description.
It Tells You all the various and most approved
modes of making Bread, Rusks, Muf
fins, and Biscuit, the best'method of
preparing Coffee, Chooolate, and Tea,
and bow to make Syrups, Cordials and
Wines of various kinds.
It Tell You how to set out and ornament a Table,
hew to Carve all kinds of Fish, Flesh
or" Fowl, and in short, how to simplify
the whole Art of Cooking as to bring the
choisest luxuries of the table within ev
The book contains 418 pages, and upwards of
twelve hundred Receips, all of which are the re
sults of actual experienoo, having been fully and
carefully tested under the personal superinten
dence of the writers. It is printed in a clear and
open type, is illustrated with appropriate engra
ving, and will be forwarded to any address, neat
ly bound, and postage paid, on receipt of the
price SI.OO, or in cloth, extra, $1.25.
STI nnn A VTi 1 AI? can ma< * # enter-
SP-I.UUU JA. A Xtixi-AL prising men everywhere,
in selling the above work, our inducemese nents to
all such being very liberal. •
For single copies of the Book, or for terms to
agints, with other information, apply to or ad
dress JOHN E. POTTER, Publisher.
No. 617 Sansom St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Nov. 8 1860.—6 m.
DLEYDEN 4 CO., have just received a fin
# assortment of Fall and Winter Goods which
ihey offer very low foreash #r oountry produce.
Kerr. 9, 18W.— .
f"WE STAND UPON THE IMMUTABLE PRINCIPLES OF JUSTICE---NO EARTHLY POWER SHALL DRIVE US FROM OUR[POSITION
BELLEFONTE, PA., THURSDAY MORNING. APR., 11, 1861.
From the Daily Telegraph.
BY WEIN FORNEY.
The storm is loud on the winter's breath,
While howling clangors spread
The seeds of an eternal death
With the bodies of the dead.
Her lowering clouds, portentous fling
Their gloom across our path;
And ever on our ears doth ring
The strife of bitter wrath.
Shall it be thus, that States like ours,
Fraternal onoe and free,
The envy of all earthly powers,
The boast of liberty—
Shall these be severed, torn or rent,
Our banners trailed in dust,
"" And we by passion idly spent,
Deprived of Freedom's trust ?
Forbid it Heaven, while hope's fire
Glows beauteous and sublime,
That we should build our funeral pyre
On Freedom's sacred shrine !
That from our altars, whence the word
Of truth, potential given,
Shall ne'er again on earth be heard
Until 'tis heard in Heaven !
The Union 1 Strike no star from where
It gleamed so bright and long,
Nor seek to 'scape a Nation's prayer,
Or list a Nation's song
The Union ! Not alone of Stat ss,
Of rivers and of plains,
But an eternal bond of fates—
Of harmonies sweet strains !
God save the Union ; or if He,
Ordainning in His power
Has marked the limits of the free,
And fixed their brief dim hour :
So has He placed on all that live
Death's dire and awful doom,
But who, among us, would survive
The Union in the Tomb ?
Washington, March, 1861.
The California Pcny Express.
Most newspaper readers have become fa
milliar with the heading which makes its
appearance throughout the country twice a
week, entitled " Three Days' Later News
from California 1 Arrival of the Pony Ex
press 1" and with the announcement of an ar
rival of a California steamer, being accom
panied by the remark, "News Anticipated by
the Pony Express."
But, while a few may be acquainted with
the nature of the enterprise which gives them
the "News from the Pacific" so much quick
er now than formerly, the great mass of the
people are, probably, ignorant of the partic
ulars of an undertaking which may be class
ed among the most extraordinary of modern
times. Fifteen years ago, before the gold
discoveries, which caused such a memorable
influx of population into California from all
parts of the world, the only means of reach
ing San Francisco, which was then a com
paratively unimportant settlement on the
Pacific coast was by sailing vessels, fitted
out for trading voyages to that part of the
world, and the passage from any Atlantic
port usually occupied six months or more,
according to the nature of the outfit and the
number of stoppages necessary for commer
cial purposes. As travel increased, howev
er, other and quicker modes of conveyance
were required than slow sailing ships to
speed the gold-seeker to bis destination.
A number of steamers were soon employ
ed in the passenger business te Chagres, on
the At'antic coast, and from Panama to San
Francisco on the Paeifio, reducing the time
of passage from Northern ports to forty days.
But, during the last few years, the trip from
New York or Philadelphia has been made in
twenty-three days. This was considered very
quick time, in comparison with former years,
and the public were d : sposed to rest satisfied
with it until the completion of a railrcad or
telegraph across the countrv—although the
date of such an event was so remote in the
minds of most people as not to eater largely
into the expectations of the present genera
tion. This is an age of progress, however,
and American enterprise is without limit.
Mr. Russel conceived the idea of running
a horse express from the Missouri river to
San Francisco, carrying letters in ten days'
time, and telegraphic messages in eight days.
The route he proposed to use was known as
the " Central route to California," shorter,
by 800 miles, than the one at that time used
by the Overland Mail Company, but passing
through such a rough wilderness as to be
considered impracticable for purposes of
transport, even by old mountaineers who
had, by a life-long experience, been inured
to the hardships incidental to that region.—
The idea becoming extensively known thro'-
out the country, was ridiculed by a great
many for its absurdity, and some of his
friends remonstrated with him for bis folly
in undertaking a project which, they thought,
would surely entail upon him a large pecu
niary loss. Nothing daunted, however, by
the sneers of unbelievers or the remonstran
ces of friends, he proceeded to carry into ex
ecution bis favorite projeot, and, on the 20th
February, 1860, despatched an agent to the
Pacifio to stock the Western division, build
-stations, and supply rations and forage from
Sacramento to Salt Lake City, et the same
tim 6 sending out competent men to make
similar arrangements from St. Joseph, Mo.,
to Salt Lake City, on the Eastern division of
the line; and on the third day of April, 1860,
the worse season of the year in that section
of oountiy, the first expresses started simul
taneously from St. Joaepb, Missouri, and San
Francisco, California, carrying letters to
either point in the remarkably short space of
nine days and six boors, thus making the
first, or trial trip, inside ot ten days, and es
tablishing, beyond question, the practicabil
ity of the route and the enforprise, which old
m r bad ridiculed. This great un
dertaking was organized and put into execu
tion in forty-three days from the time it was
determined upon, and during that period the
agent of Mr. Russell, who superintended the
Western division, or Pacifie slope, travelled
from the Atlantic to the Paeifio. The Cali
fornians were exuberant with joy ; the pony
and his rider, on their arrival at San Fran
cisco, were received with the firing of guns
and colors flying ; the ladies adorned the
pony with their bonnet ribbons, and the peo
ple generally congratulated themselves on
the success of the project, which brought them
so much nearer to toeir old bomeß, relations,
The California Pony Express scon became
a fixed fajt, for once a week regulary the
pony departed and came, very rarely exceed
ing schedule time, whioh was ten days, and
often running in lees.
The number of horses employed in this
service is about five hundred, chosen for their
speed and endurance, and the riders for their
light weight, as well as for their intrepidity
and experience in the hardships of frontier
The stations are built at intervals of twen
ty-five miles on this side of the Rocky Moun
tains, and west of that at intervals of ten
miles. Each station has two or more occu
pants, whose duty it is to guard the building,
take care of the stock on hand, and have
ready a fresh borse to take the mail on its
arrival, and earry it another stage on the
way to its destination. Each horse and ri
der travel twenty-five miles at one time, at a
rate of speed varying from ten to fourteen
miles per hour. The riders are furnished
with time-tables, and are required to use
their utmost endeavors to comply with the
schedule. If for any reason they aie detain
ed on the read between stations, they are re
quired to make up the loss of time by au in.
crease of speed so far as it is in the power of
The express has been run with great reg
ularity considering the obstacles it has had
to oonten d with. Last summer, about the
middle of June, the Indians commenced to
be very troublesome. They destroyed nearly
all the stations west of Salt Lake City, kill
ed some of the riders and station-keepers,
and ran off all the stock they could find be
longing to the company. From the first of
July until about the commencement of Sep
tember the express was, to a great extent,
discontinued between Sfjt Lake City and
Carson City, a towa west of the former place.
Letters, however, continued to be received at
the extreme ends of the routes, although in
limited quantities, which accumulated at the
above places ready for forwarding as soon as
a cessation of the Indian troubles would al
low it. or sooner if a rider could be found
lold enough to run the risk of being shot or
scalped by the savages, who were alaays on
the watch for such an opportunity.
A very thrilling incident oocurred during
these troubles, at a plaoe two hundred miles
from Salt Lake, which will serve to illustrate
the danger then to be feared in that wild re
gion. Feur of the company's employees
were engaged in rebuilding a station which
had been destroyed by the Indians. It was
early in the morning ; two of the men were
asleep in a but on the summit of a small hill,
aDd the others in a tent at the foot of it. A
band of Indians prowling around, chanced
to discover them. Observing those in the
hut before the others, they fired in upon
them, killing one instantly and wounding the
other in the leg. The latter immediately
started down the bill, shouting to those be
low to save themselves, as the redskins were
after them. Jumping up and seizing their
pistols, the three started for a run across the
plains, with the Indians in hot pursuit and
yelling like so maßy fiends. The pursued
ran together for some distance, and bade fair
to make good their escape, when the woun
ded one cried that he could go no farther.—
On# of his companions, a very powerful, ath
letio fellow, took him on his back, and so
continued bis flight, although at suob a slow
rate that their pursuers were fast g lining up
on them. The wounded man, seeing this,
begged to be left te himself, as he did not
wish to be the cause of the other's capture.
He only stipulated for the loan of the pistol
his friend had with him. Very reluotantly
his request was complied with, when, with
out a moment's hesitation, placing the pistol
to his head, he blew out his brains, prefer'
ring sucb a fate to the one in store for bim,
as be knew it was the custom of those tribes
to torture their prisoners before killing tbeaa.
The remaining two employees succeeded in
reaching a station about ten miles distant,
where, with those already stationed at that
point, they considered themselves sale against
any attack from the enemy. The agent of
the Express Company at Salt Lake finally
raised a band of a hundred men, and being
provided with arms and ammunition from
ono of the United States Government stations
started out to put au end to these disturban
ces, and teaoh the Indians a lesson likely to
last them until the General Government sent
force enough to make it entirely effectual.—
The expedition had fbe desired offset—the
Indians were routed whenever met with, a
great many killed, QDd finally they became
so submissive as to cause no further appre
hension. The express again resumed its
trips, and has sinoe run with great regulari
During four months of the year, from De
cember to April, the difficulty of traveling is
muob increased by the heavy snows which
prevail over a large portion of the route. Io
some sections for several miles the enow is
piled up to a depth of twenty-seven feet. To
obviate this difficulty, the company all the
winter long have tad on hand at such plaoes
a sufficient force cf men and ox teams to
keep the road packed. The method of doiog
this is to turn on the teams after the SDOW
has fallen about two feet and keep tbem
traveling back and forth till it is packed hard
and after two feet more has fallen to do the
same thing over agaiD, and 60 on until a
geod bard road is formed between walls of
snow as high as a two-story house.
When the enterprise was first started let
ters were forwarded but once a week and the
rate of postage was five dollars for one half
ounce. Soon after, a semi-weekly mail was
established and the rate fixed at two dollars
and fifty ceUs a quarter ounce, at which
price and regulation the express is still run
The title of the company that manages
this enterprise is the " Central Overland Cal
ifornia and Pike'e Peak Express Company, "
and its main business consists in running a
line of express and passenger coaches to the
Pike's Peak gold region. Their starting
points from the eastern end are Leavenworth
City, Kansas, and St. Joseph, Missouri, and
they take passengers through to Denver City
in the remarkably short space of five and one
half dajs, which is a strong contrast with
the time wheu twenty days for the same dis
tance was considered a quick trip. On the
first of July next, or before, this oompany
will start a daily line of ooaohee to Salt Lake
City, carrying the United States Mail, where
they will conneot with the " Overland Mail
Company," which will run to PlacerviUe,
in California. They will also continue their
pony express, reducing the price of postage,
however, to one dollar per half ounce, and
making the time from the Missouri river to
San Francisco in ten days, the whole year
About the tenth day of April next the
present schedule of fifteen days, from St. Jo
seph to the Paeifio, will be reduced to the
former time of ten days ; the rate of postage
will also be reduced to two dollars for half
ounce letters, postage pre-paid.
A Hard Sentence.
A few years since one Lindsey, ( famous
in Illinois and Indiana as a bold thief and
highwayman, and sinoe shot for insubordi
nation in the penitentiary,) was arraigned
before an Illinois Circuit Court to answer an
indictment for highway robberry ; to which
charge, there being conclusive testimony
against him, he plead "guilty." The erime
was a very bold and atrocious act, denoting
great skill in that kind of 'rough gambling,'
as well as a very abandoned and wicked
heart. At the close of the term Lindsey was
brought up to receive bis sentence, when
Judge Davis, who is a great admirer of hon
est industry, as well as an inordinate hater
of such "larpins" as Lindsey, who subsist by
thieving, proceeded to pass the sentence ot
the law upon him. Ilia honor commenced
by reminding the prisoner that be was yet a
young man, possessed with a more than or
dinary share of natural endowments, suffi
cient, if well applied, to place him in the
foremost ranks of honor abb society, lie
next informed him that, by bis OWQ plea,
he was guilty of robbing—in open day and
almost in the presence of tbo whole commu
nity—an old and helpless man of bis bard
earned money—a crime recognized by the
law ot the land as of the most abandoned and
wicked character. In rehearsing this scath
ing prelude to the sentenoe of the law, the
Judge, as is usual in such oases, got him
self very much warmed up, ao that when he
came to olose bis remarks with the sentenoe,
he found our State Institutions somewhat
mixed up in his mind ; for said be,
"Lindsey, I shall sentenoe yeu to seven
years in the Illinois Legislature I"
" The Penitentiary, your honor," sugges
ted the prosecuting attorney, who was stand
The Jud£e aocepted the correction of the
prosecutor, muttering, at the same time,
something about the "slight difference" that
existed- A titter ran around the bar, when
the matter was dropped for the present; but
Judge Davis frequently hears of his sentenoe
PROTESTING. —Many of the newspapers in
the Southern Confederacy are insisting that
the permanent Constitution be submitted to
the people for adoption or rejection, as they
may decide- They deny the rights of the
conventions chosen in the several States to
act upon the Constitution. " For a conven
tion," says the New Orleans Bulletin, "to at
tempt to perform aots and exercise authority
that were never contemplated by the elec
tors at the time, would be neither more nor
less than an unwarrantable assumption of
arbitrary power, foreign to the genius of our
institutions and repugnant to the will of the
The Utility of Refuse Things.
The prussiaie of potash is made in large
quantities in Cinoinnati.from the boofs, horns
and other refuse of slaughtered grunters.
Cow-hair, taken from the hidea in tanner
ies, is employed in making plastering mor
tar, to give it a fibrous quality.
dawdust is sold for sprinkling the floors of
markets. It is also sold for paoking iee far
The rags of old warn out shirting, oalioo
dresses, and the waste of eetton factories, are
employed to make the paper upon whioh
these lines ere printed.
Old ropes are oonyerted into fine note pa
per, and the waste paper itself, which ii pick
ed up in the gutters, is again reconverted in
to bread, white Bheets, and thus does duty
in revolving stages.
The parings of skins and bides, and the
ears of cows, calves and sheep, are careful
ly oollected and converted into glne.
The finer qualities of galantine are made
from ivory rappings, the bones and tendens
Bones converted into charcoal by roasting
in retorts afterwards employed in purifying
the white sugar with whioh we sweeten our
The ammonia obtained from the distilla
tion of ooal in making gas, is employed for
saturating orohil and cudbear, in making the
beautiful lileo colors that are dyed on silk
and the fine woolen goods.
Carbonio aoid obtained in the distillation
of eoal tar, is employed with other acids to
produoe beautiful yellow eolors en silk and
The shavings of oedar wood, used in ma
king pencils, are distilled to obtain the otto
of cedar wood.
Brass filings and old brass kettles are re
melted and employed to make the brass work
of printing presses and pumps.
Old copper scraps are used in the construc
tion of splendid bronze chandeliers, for illu
minating our churches and the mansions of
Old horse shoe nails are employed to make
the famous steel and twist barrels of fowling
The Toilet of Beauty;
Without whose aid no lady can be dressed
with propriety and graoefulnees.
Otto of Rose, warranted to retain its fra*
grance in all climates—Virtue.
Beautifying Lotions—Tenderness and con
Bssl Lip-ealvs—Smile of benevolence.
Elixir to preserve Memory—Gratitude.
Cream of Sweet Almonds—Kindness and
Essence of Jessamine, apt to evaporate,
therefore to be kept close—Friendship,
A Lotion to prevent Wrinkles—Cheerful
Best Court or Sticking Plater—Faithful
Simple Anodynes —Patience and industry.
Best* Patent Pins—Repartee-
Fine White Paint—lnnooenee.
Wash-ball for preserving white Hands—
Dye for Eyebrows—Contemplation.
Essence of Roses, Poison, to be used with
AD excellent Bloom to preserye the Com
Drops to remove all Stains—Honor and
Essence of Violet—Humility.
Drops to prevent Ennui —Employment.
Baujne de Vie— Religion.
A Fresh Water Spring at Sea.
Mr. W. A. Booth, tbe coast pilot of tbo rev
enne cutter Harriet Lane, reports tho discov
ery of a boiling fresh water spring at sea, off
the ooaat of Florida. He says the opting ia
situated twelve miles, north by east, from
St. Agustine, Fla„ and eight miles off shore.
It boils up with great force, and oan be de
cried at a distance of two miles. When first
seen it has the appearanoe of a breaker, and
is generally avoided ; but there ia no danger
in the vicinity, as there is five fathoms of
water between it and tbe shore. Ten fath
oms of water are found to the seaward, but
no bottom can be reaohed with tbe deep sea
lead and thirty fathoms of line at the spring
itself. The water in the spring is fresh, and
is by no means unpalatable. One peculiarity
about this phenomenon is, that when the St.
John's river is high it boils up from six to
eight feet above the level of the sea, and pre
eeats rather a forbidding appearanoe. This
spring has doubtless deceived hundreds, wbo
have hastily put abont from, as thsy thought
imminent danger, and reported seeing a
" rook with water breaking over it." The
Harriet Lane has passed through it several
times, and water has been drawn from it by
a buoket thrown over tbs side, and whe a
drank no unpleasant taste or smell baa been
found. Its position and harmless character
have been long unknown, but now the suppo
sed danger has beoome, at it ware, " a well
of water in a barron land,"
EDITORS & PROPRIETORS.
A Secession Incident.
A well-known merebant of thia-olty, wb 0
was in New Orleans on the day Louisiana
passed Secession ordinanoe, and who wit
nessed the illumination in honor oi that trea*
sonable act, has related to as, with a request
thai we would suppress names, the following
raoy incident, which alike illustrates the
traditionary 'when a woman wont, she wont'
characteristic of the sex, and the faot that
the Union people of the South have, at this
time, no veioe in the newspaper reports of
the disunion section. It so happened that on
the day of the illumination the oaptsin of a
Mississippi steamboat and bis lady were
stopping at ifce St. Charles, and occupied a
front roam, OD the third floor—the first floor
of chambers—exactly in the centre ef the
hotel. The captain was a Union man, and—
as ths sequel will show— ao was his wife.—
All the oity was agitated daring the after
noon in prospeot of the grand gala night.—
Ths St. Charles was to be illuminated, of
course. Aoeordingly, some time during ths
afternoon a servant knocked at the door of
the oaptain's room, carrying all the necessa
ry trappings for lighting np the ohamber
windows. Mrs. —— opened the door,
when the following dialogue ensued;
Lady. What have yon got there f
Servant. Candles, Misses, to light your
windows for de'lnmination.
L. Well, yon can retnrn them to where
you brought them from, as I shall cot allow
them in this roam.
S. (Not to be failed so easily, resumed.)
Oh 1 but maesa told me to put up de lights,
and so I's get to put 'em up.
L. Can't help that j this is my room, nnd
I shan't allow the windows to be illumina
ted for what I am opposed to ; so that ends
This olosed the first aot. The servant re*
ported to the proprietors, who immediately
prooeeded to the lady's room with a view to'
oenvinoing her of the iuportanoe of permit
ting the servant te make ready for the grand
evening light-op. Said they, " Thie room
is the most oentral in the entire front, and
not to illuminate it will bs to mar seriously
the effect of the the whole," to which the la
" I am sorry, gentlamen, to cause JOB any
ineonvenienoe, bat I belie?# this room for the
time being is oura by right, aßd.*l mast pos
itively deolino, in any way, to add eolat to a
great outrage, as 1 conceive the whole disun
ion movement to be. My husband (who was
out at the time) is a Union man, and I am a
Union woman, and thii room oannot be illu
minated." A few more words were exchang
ed, whioh ended by the lady politely reqeues
tiog thejproprietore to leave her room. De
termined net te in a matter of
each grave, importanoe, ;tho captain was
next foand and appealed te. He beard tboir
case; said his wife had reported him oor
reotly en the Union question he
wonld go with them to the room aad see if
the matter_could be amioably arranged.—
Soene third enened. The captain's dispesu
tion to yield was not to ba seconded by hie
better half. They next proposed to vooate
the best chamber in her favor, in some other
part of thehonsa, if that would be satisfactory,
but Ibalady's "No!" was still as peremp
tory as ever. Her point waa gained, and
the St Charles was doomed to have a dark
Pleased with this triamph, Mrs. de
vised the following mancevre to make the
most of her victory. Summoning a servant,
she eent him out to procure for her an Amer
ican flag, which, at dnsk, she suspended from
hoi window. This made the fourth act in
the play, and as the fifth is always indispen
sable, it bad its place here. When evening
came, the streets, an Dim a ted by a merry
throng, were illuminated, bat, alas 1 the St
Charlee was disfigured by its sobre ohamber,
when suddenly a succession of lamps, sus
pended on both sides of the flag, revealing
the atars and stripes, were lit up, aad the
ensign of the Union waved from the oentre of
a hotel illuminated in honor of its overthrew !
The effect was, to give the impression that
the whole bonee was thns paying homage to
the Amenoas flag; and what is most signifi
cant, is the foot the latter was greeted by the
passing crowd with vooiferons applause.—
So much for the .firmness of a true Union
S&" The well known Mr. Prioe kept a gc,
down or ebop at Calcutta, where he told a
gas to ae Irishman, who aooa returned it
saying the barrel was much bent;
"Isit t" said Prioe," then I oaght to
hare charged tkee more for it.
" Why so I" said the other,
" Because these peices are oonetruoted for
shooting round a oorner."
" If that be the case," says " then I insist
en retaning mj purchase."
M&" The Times' correspondent says that
the Qautemala mission pays $7,500 and 50
per eent, of the above amount extra for Hon*
duras. " The duties are light—consisting of
swinging all day in a hammock and running
around at night to tertuhas, and flirting with
SGF People seldom love those who with*
stand their prejudices, and endeavor to con
trol their passions,