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d jt(£cntrt Democrat
--■■■ ■ J ■ A—U II
THURSDAY, DEC., 13 18G0.
W.W.BROWN, • - ASSOCIATEE DITOR.
Before and After the Election.
It is well, at times, we think, to review
the past, to study its history, both ancient
and modern and learn wisdom from its am
ple pages, from the views and opinions of the
worlds greatest statesmen and philosophers,
and at the same time to so apply our accu
mulated wisdom as to steer clear ol tlnir
vice, folly, and wickedness. To inform him
self on all the groat national questions of the
day should be the duty of every American
citizen. And while we are thm re-counting
the past, it uiay be well enough to call to the
remembrance of our readers some of the
events and peculiarities of the iast Ptcsident
When the great parties of she country had
met and each had selected i*s standard bear
er for the contest, it was declared evrywhere
by the best men ir-. the country, thnt there
was a secession, a disunion party in the
Sooth, and that J >hn C. B.Mekin ridge was
the choßeu Ifeader and candidate of that par
ty. The people of the Nor'h, or a respecta
ble number of them, refused to believe this
great truth, and nndei the sacred name of
Democracy voted for Mr. Breckinrilge, thus
not wilfully, we charitably hope, aiding to
strengthen the secession sentiment, and to
give aid and comfort to a class of men who
have became absorbed on the question of
nigger as to lose all their love for the Union
of the States, their reverence for the name of
Washington, Jeff ;rson, Madison, Henry, Ma
son, aDd all the glories of the Revolutionary
Whom the gods would destroy they first
make mad, is as applicable to the Secession
ists now, as when it was first written. For
years they have been tampered to, by our
Northern politicians and place seekers so
that they have become perfectly wilful, and
as incorrigible a* a petted, spoiled child.
In the last campaign the cry of these men
was disunion, in the event of the election of
Abraham Lincoln* The free working men
of tbe North, determined, however, to vote
as tbey pleased, bidding defiance to ttie
threats of the Democratic Union dissolvers
of the South. Abe Lincoln was, therefore,
elected—elected constitutionally The lead
ers of the Democratic party in the North db
uied that their party or any portion of it was
in favor of secession or disunion. They were
loyal to the Constitution and denied that
they were in any respect a pro slavery par
ty. Now what are the facts and develop
ments since the elec'ion? Firs t, that there
was, an i is, a secession party in the South,
that John C. Breckinridge w as the candidate
of that party, really ana truly, and that nil
the prominent Democratic U. S. Senate™
from the Scuth, and all the Democratic lead
e c in the same section of the Union are this
dav aiding secession, and doing all in their
power to sow diseord and hasten the disso
lution of this glorious confederacy. Even
President Buchanan in his last message,
weak and puerile as it is, has winked at tbe
almost open treason of these men, and thus
proved to the world that he too is in the pow
er ef the South, and too weak in the knees to
maintain the Constitution and to vigorously
enforce the laws of the country. How he
gets over, or evades his oaih of office is a
mystery to us—all mys'eiy 1 The President
in face of the facts of the his'ory, attempts
to cast the whole blame upon the Northern
freemen who love Justice, Mercy and Lib
erty by showing that the North is guilty of
numerous aggressions upon the South, and
hence the trouble. lie is sustained, we say
it to their shame,bv nearly all the Democrat
ic papers in tbe North, iu these foolish and
unhistorical assertions, Tbey should know
better. They do know better, but tbey have
not the manhood or moral courage to confess
it. Who repealed th 9 Missouri Comprom'Fe?
And prior to this act did not Democratic
South Carolina under Jackson's administra
tion attempt to go cut of the Union ?
What we said before the election we say
now, that the Republican party is in favor
ol* the Union, the Constitution and the en
ioicement of the laws. It guarantees to the
Southern States every right and all their
rights under the Constitution, and nothing
more ; that the Republican party is the only
party that can save this " Union," and that
the Democratic par.yie th e only party that
ever attempted to dissolve the Union, and
that parry is really guilty of ail the agi.ation
on the Slavery question, that they have curs
ed the country with t -eir tree trade policy,
aud are, therefore, guilty iD the first degree
for all the hard times, as well as for the
gloouu that new appears to darken our po
litical horizon. It has been a sliam for the
last twenty-five years; the cheat, however,
has become so apparent ar: to render the par
ry haunlesw, save, perhaps the rower to
bowl disunion, and thorjby frighten timid
ad women and such Doi:gb-face papers as
the Pniladelphia Inquirer and other kindred
Save the Union, should be the cry, the
wa'chword ot every patriot and statesman;
hut it shou'd also be the fixed determination
of the great K .-oublican party to stand by its
principles, as laid down i j the Chicago plat
b<rm. Our own doctrine is, no more com
promises with Slavery. Let us conciliate,
let us deal kindly ,hut firmly with ihose Dem.
i.eraric (Jo'on dissolve re. Let us hope that
]'resident Buchanan will Dot violate his oath
i f ofiioe, ariu therefore hold the Union togeth
er until the fourth of March next. If he
does, our word for it, alter the inauguration
of President Lincoln you will not bear a
word more from the far atical heads of these
Secession Democrats. We believe that we
can see the jand ot Providence in the elec
tion of Abraham Lincoln. Like Jackson, be
will prove himself ecual to the emergency 1
Like J ickscn, he w:!l issue his Proclamation
and say, ''The Union, it muaf.and shall be
preserved." In the meantime we ask the
honest Democrats of Centre County to watch
closely the leaders of the Secession movement,
and then tell us whether you will ever again
j be willing to yote with men who hate their
country, who will rule or ruin, and who have
! justly gained for themselves the name of
! Traitor, Tory, Disunionists.
The Cabinet—Gen. Cameron.
Pennsylvania deserves a place in the Cab
inet of PRESIDENT LINCOLN 1 Who denies
; this? No one. Her delegation at Chicago,
were in favor of making Gen, SIMON CAMER
ON, the Standard-bearer of the hosts of free
dom in the late canvass, and when it became
apparent that he would not be nominated,
the Pennsylvania delegates, recorded their
votes 5D favor of Mr. Lincoln, and this course
oi our members of that Convention, made
; that gentleman the candidate, and conse
i quently the President. Gen. Cameron im
mediately acquiesced, and in the Union did
more for Mr. Lincoln's success, and the suc
cess of our glorious cause. His labors in be
ha.f of Governor Curlin, were arduous, and
I our success, principally through Gen. Carn
■ eron's efforts at the first eleotion, made the
' election ot Mr. Lincoln a forgone conclusion.
Nor did he stop here. His exertions were
continued for Mr. Lincoln, and he had the
proud satisfaction ot knowing that his State
gave the largest plurality, and the largest
majority, of any State in the Uricn. We do
not know the views of Gen. Cameron on this
matter but if be would accept a place in Mr.
Lincoln's Cabinet, be ought to have it. It
would satisfy the people of our State, and
add credit to the Administration of Presi
dent Lincoln. No man is better qualified,
than Gen. Cameron, for the Interior, Treasu
ry, or Post Office Department. He would
equally adorn eirher station, and reflect hon
j or on the Slate of Pennsylvania-
We clip the above from tho Bedford Inqui
rer, and v, e have no hesitation in saying that
it speaks our sentiments. We are not person
ally acquainted with Mr. Over, the Editor of
the Inquirer, but, judging from his paper,
we are forced to the conclusion that he is a
true man and a sound politician. We hope
to make his acquaintence soon.
We take it fcr granted that Gen. Cameron
will be Secretary of the Treasury, Pennsyl
vania should have a Cabinet officer, and Gen.
Cameron is just the man, and the Treasury
department is just the place for which he is
suited both by education and practice. Gen.
Cameron's success, in life proves that he is
not only one of the best financiers in the
whole Union, but one of the finest statesmen.
We hope Gen. Cameron will be selected to
fill the post of Secretary of the Treasury.
The President's Message.
We haye just discharged the melancholy
duty of reading tbe Annual Message of His
Excellency, James Buchanan, President of
thirty-two loyal States, and one rebellious
kingdom in process of incubation on; tbe
northern bank of the Savannah river. We
are compelled to say of this document, as a
poet of tbe eighteenth century 6aid of a
friend who wrote long epitaphs :
Friend, for your epitaphs I'm grieved ;
Where still so much is said,
One-half will never be believed —
The other neyer read.
The Message is a splendid vindication of
the long disputed power of man to use lan
guage to conceal ideas. We anticipated
much from Mr. Buchanan, but be has sur
passed our most sanguine expectations. His
message is a document, verbally considered,
nt d- cidtfd ability ; there are passages in it
abounding ki toe flowers of genuine rhetoric;
there is splendid logic, without synthetic
niystccism ; there are axioms clear as the
first proposition of Euclid ; everything, how
ever, which is valuable in the paper before
us, the world knew before ; everything that
was desirable, enveloped in a fog more dense
than that of the Crimea, during the late war,
when a Russian column, forty thousand
strong, advanced, unobserved, to a position
only sixty yards distant from the sentinels
of ttie British line. As Dr. Johnson sai l of
Pope's ' Essay on Man," it is "a concate
nation of indissoluble fatlity." The presi
dent states his ground with mathematical
perspecuity, but, like a weak man, which, of
course, he is, by nature and by grace, he
concludes every great subject which he
treats by bringing tbe ruductio ad absurdum
argument to bear against himself; his edi
fice appears to be fortified by the most obvi
ous principles of geometry, but the author
does not fai' to show us that it can easily be
demolished by tbe bakeries of tbe integral
Mr. Buchanan's message is not one of
those documents destined to be filed in the
niches of immortality. It will, temporarily,
startle the world by the aud city of some of
its propositions in defence of despotism ; it
will long excite the ingenuity of tbe curious
by some of its apologies for acknowledged
errors ; but it will mold and rust in very
desuetude, aod cease to be interesting even
to political antiquarians, long before the dry
est pandects and rescripts of heathen Empe
rors will have been consigned to tbe bats aod
owls that haunt the academies of historical
reading. Cincinna'i Times.
Secession Inevi r able
A correspondent of the Harrisburg Tellc
giaph writing from Washington City under
date of Dec., Bth seems to think the dissolu
tion of the Union is inevitabie. The corre
spondent signs himself, "Inquirer" and
from the style and composition of the article
we are under the impression it is Wein For
ney, formerly of this plaee, he says :
A wepk or even a day may develope dis
union, and may it be in a shape more horri
ble than ony civil war that deluged any Irnd
with blood and uea:h. 1 have heretofore
uelieved that the reality of secession would
never be placed before the world for its con
templation. My faith in this particu'ar po
litical aspect has been forcibly changed, and
I can i.o longer duuht the determination of
the States on the Atlantic Ocean and the
Gulf of Mexico to secede. They will do this
as much to prove their resolution as to vin
dicate their rights. South Carolina has
already gone to far too recede.
THE UNION PARTV. —Why is it that the
Union pauy has so utterly subsided? That
organization was formed for the avowed pur
pose of saving the Union, yet now in this
time of trouble it appears to be doing noth
ing for that object. It received a considera
ble vute North and South, and if its members
were as anxious for preserving the confeder
acy now as before the election, it might do
much towards effecting a reconciliation, or
at leaßt of preventing secession in the South.
Probably this party is like ibe Democratic,
quite willing to assist in preserving the Uni
on if it can rule the country, but not other
The Presidents Message.
We do not publish the Presidents message
for two reasons: it is too long
fot our limited space, and secondly, because
ic is not worth publishing. We cannot take
further notice of the motliy document at this
time. In another column will be found a
review which we copy from the Cincinnati
Times, and endorsa every word it contains.
At another time we will publish extracts
from the Message.
THE! CENTRE DEMOCRAT
The Coming Compromise.
John Bullwinkle wan an English laborer
of average character but comely appearance
who had the luek to attract and win the re
gard of a woman in good circumstances who
gave him her band and fortune. This change
of condition, however, failed to .make John
a gentleman : on the contrary, he spent much
of his time in ale-houses in the company of
bis old associates. Once when he and they
had thus spent a day, and become unusually
dozy, a boon-companion addressed him after
this fashion : " John, I dare do what yon
daren't." " No," responded John, " I defy
you I" " Yes, I dare—l dare spend my last
Success cowns the efforts not so often of
the strongest as of the most determined.—
That party has a great advantage in any con
troversy who dares spend his last sixpence.
The South understands this, and acts ac
cordingly. It has just staked its last six*
pence—a threat of dissolving the Union. The
North, in the full flush of victory, cowers be.
fore it—we mean its politicians do. And of
course this weakness is presumed upon. Be
cent dispatches from Washington ars of this
" Kentucky and Tennessae Senators and
Representatives announce that the Union is
held by a thread, and both States ready to
fly with their Southern brethren if the North
'• Senators Salisbury, ol Delaware; Pow
ell. of Kentucky; Nicholson of Tennessee ;
Brown of Mississippi; Wigfall of Texas, and
many others, express these opinions.
" The opinion is now almost universal
here that, unless these non-slaveholding
States uonsent to give the Constitutional
guarantees demanded all the elaveholding
States will certainly secede.
" A National Convention is growing in fa
—This is the old story. Sis," says a
young one of four years, just sharpening his
wisdom-teeth on the"eyer-whirling stone of
experience, "do you want a piece of pie ?"
" Yes." " Well, you cry and mother'll give
you a piece." Advice showing good calcu
lation on the young one's part, but a shock
ing bad one on that of the mother.
Suppose the North bad, in the agony of
the Leoompton struggle, when every honora
ble mind revolted at the monstrous iniquity
of forcing a fraudulent Constitution on a pro
testing. struggling people—a bill that Sena
tor Hammond (who voted for it throughout)
has since said ought to be kicked out of Con
gress—declared that, if that bill be put
through, she would secede from the Union—
does not everybody know that the threat
would have been hailed with a horse-laugh
of derision from the unanimous South ? Why
should it always be bers to threaten, ours to
The North has just won a signal victory.
She made her issues fairly, presented tbem
clearly, went before the whole People upon
them, and, after a canvass of unparalled ears
neatness and assiduity, elected her candi
dates. The division of her adversaries doubt
less aided to produce this result ; but that is
not our business. We did not distract them
—tbey distracted themselves. They fully un
derstood that their divisions gave ue the
election unless they healed tbem, and they
refused to heal tbem. Tbey practically con
spired to let us win ; and now they propose
to break up the Union because we did win.
For Lincoln's election is the immediate im
pulse to the threats of secession. The clam
or about Personal Liberty acts does not de
ceive one of those who raise it. Those acts
have existed for years, and have amounted
practically to no more than so much waste
paper. The South has &aid little and cared
less about them. But Lincoln is chosen
President, and all at once the cry is raised,
" Repeal your Personal Liberty acts, or we
will break up the Union."
Vainly do we urge that these acts, if un
constitutional, can, at aDv moment, be upset
2nd dissipated by the Supreme Court, over
which the South has absolute control; while,
if they be constitutional, tbe demand that
they be repoaled is utterly unwarranted—
The object is not so much to have them re
pealed, as to laise an issue on which the
North can be made to humiliate herself iu
tbe eyes of the world. .
We are opposed to any such back-down.
We share Falstaff's repugnance to rendering
even reasons on compulsion, and we have
even more dislike to making concessions un
der duress. If tbe South desires auy change
in tbe laws of Northern States, and will re
quest the same in tbe spirit that sent Mr.
Hoar from Massachusetts to Charleston to
test in her own Courts and those of the Union
such laws of South Carolina as bear hardly
on citizens of Massachusetts, we shall be very
glad to meet ber in tbat spirit, and have ail
laws, whether North or South, that contra
vene justice and the Federal Constitution,
simultaneously repealed. We would do
whatever is right, but a little sooner and
more graciously in the absence of threats
than in their irritating presence.
We do notbeleive thai any humiliations to
which the North may stoop will placate the
Secessionists. They tell us frankly that
Lincoln's election is not their incitement, bat
their opportunity. The Personal Liberty
acts are but a make-weight, is the relative
prosperity, growth and wealth of the Free
States, and especially of their cities. We
say this is owing to Slavery; they will not
see this, and are thus force! to lay all the
blame on the Union. But f r the Union, they
t'aiuk Charleston and Mobile would be as
large as Boston and Pittsburg; the great
exporting Statos also ; instead of being ter.
ribly in debt and destitute, the South would
owe nothing and havo every body in debt to
her, selling her cotton at her prices and ma
king the whole civilized world tributary to
ber growth and glory, with mexico, Central
America, Cuba, and perhaps Jlayti, succes
sively adding to her empire. All this may
be very foolish or very mad : but it is this
that is now rolling eji the ball of Secession,
and all attempts to stop it by Northern pros
trations will prove fruitless. The Fire-
Eaters have firmly resolved to desert us ; let
us not compel tbem, in addition, to dispise
—" But Stocks will droop, and Money will
be scnrce, and Business be dull if we do not
" bave a compromise." Very likely. No
great reform was ever yet effected—no ad*
vance made in Government of Morals—that
did not cost something pecuniarily. As Car
lyle forcibly says:
"Pity," exclaimes Sauerteigonce "that a
nation cannot inform itself, as the English
are now trying to do, by what thoir news'
papers call "Tremendous cheers." Alas lit
cannot be done. Reform is not joyous,
but grievous.; no single man can reform him
self without stern suffering and working ;
how much IPSS can a nation of meD 1 The
serpent sheds not his old skin without rusty
disconsolatenesH. he is not happy but mis
erable. In the Water-cure itself, do you not
sit steeped for months; washed to the heart
in elementery drenchings;" and, like Job, are
made to curse your day ? Reforming of a
nation is a terrible buisness 1"
—Then "let the winds howl on," untilj it
shall be pettled that the North prizes equality
freedom, and self-respect at least equally
with the Union—that the Free States will
surrender their conviotions nor their princi
ples even to a threat that the Union shall be
dissolved if they do not. Let it be settled
now that the North recoils before a menace
of disunion, and the retreat thus begun will
not end till she is landed at the bottom of
the valley of humiliation. No matter what
may be the shape or the terms of the forth
coming compromise, the South and the
world will understand that the North ha
placed herself on the stool of repentence and
promised not to do so again. Better ten de~
feats than one such resu It of a viotory.
The Logic of the Case.
"See what ruin the Republicans have
wrought 1" exclaim the northern locofoco
journals. What is the ruin to which they
refer ? Southern locofoeos refuse to pay
their debts. Southern States labor to pro
cure a monetary crisis. Southern men of
Buchanan's Cabinet aid their efforts. South
Carolina refuses to stay in the Union- She
plots treason. Georgia, Florida, and Missis
sippi help her. Every locofoeo journal in
the North is glad, and manifests its gladness.
They say vi rtually that Slaveiy ought to con
strue .the Constitution as it pleases; ought
to make laws at its will; and ought, in con
junction with its allies, to hold the offices.—
If the people refuse, the Slave-holding States,
and the citizens thereof, ought to woik as
much mischief as possible.
So a burg'.ar and his accomplices, npon
entering a premises find the owner awake
aDd resolved to resist,. They kill him, his
wife, and children and servants, and then
help themselves to plunder at leisure. They
do not upraid themselves. "What ruin this
man's obstinacy has wrought I" say they.
"If he had not resisted, we should have left
him and his household alive and well."
The logic of crime is the same in both in
stances. -Columbia Republican,
B®* Parson Brownlow calls attention in
the last number of his Knoxville, ( Tenn. )
Whig to the fact that in that city the Union
vote was 2,600, while that for Breckinridge
was only 839—a tact very flattering to the
influence of the Whig. The Parson states
that he has received a present from one of
bis opponents. He says :
We received & small box this week by Ex
press, from Baltimore, marked "private."—
We suspected somo trick, and so expressed
ourselves to the boys in the office, as we pro
ceeded to ones it. Sure enough, it contain
ed a dead rat, of the largest Baltimore pro
duction ! Well, it is likely some Breckin
ridge man sent it. We receive it as a fit
representation of National Democ-raf, the fa
ther of rats, and considering the one as dead
as the other, we tossed it into the manure in
a back alley, where everything with rat to
the end of its name ought to go J
South C arolina—Her Past History.
It would be well for those locofocos in the
North who justify the disunion demonstra
tions of South Carolina to look back and
call to mind the past history of that "fire
eatiDg" State. It would convince them that
this movement of to-day is not a new one, but
th&tshe has taken more decided steps towards
secession thirty years ago, than she has taken
thus far in the present emergency. If it is
Lincoln's election tnat drives her to secession
now it was Jackson's administration that in
cited her to disunion in *J2. If they le blam
able now for supporting Lincoln, they were
no less so than in supporting Jackson. If
the South Carolina disunionists spout trea
son, and abuse Lincoln, it is not likely that
they can excel their own performences in that
line against Jackson and the Union in 1832.
A"by the Eternal" settled them then. It
will prove as effectual now.— Col. Republi
THE Richmond (Va.) Enquirer of two or
three days since has this brief paragraph :
" SOLD. —John Thomas, slave to Mr. Win 1 -
ter of Louisville, Kentucky, who was brought
here a few days since from New York, as a
runaway, was sold on Tuesday, for S7OO, to
Two false statements to four lines is a
large allowance. John Thomas was not a
slave to Mr. Winter, nor anybody else;
neither was he a runaway from anywhere.—
Had the Enquirer told the ezact truth, its
statement would have run thus :
" SOLD.— John 'Thomas, a black man, who
was kidnapped in New Yom, a few days
since, was sold for S7OO, on Tuesday, to a
trader, because he was black, aud had no
rights which anybody was bound to respect."
ABRAHAM LINCOIN is not now the Presi
dent of the Republican party. He has been
legally chosen to this highest position in tbe
United States, and as our Chief Magistrate
he has a right co expect the lull support and
confidence of every citizen. No true friend
in the Union can in this juncture act in
a manner calculated to weaken the author
ity of the President, and thus give aid and
comfort to the designs of the disunionists.—
Abraham Lincoln will occupy the chair once
filled by Washington, Jefferson and Jackson,
and until he shall in some manner forfeit
public confidence, all must recognize and re
spect his authority. We trust that no
Northern man, at least, will be so unfaithful
to the spirit of our institutions as to obstruct
or resist his lawful acts as the chief of the
A PATRIOTIC SCENE, — Florence, the actor,
did a little "gag" in a St. Louis theatre, the
other night, which brought down the house
tremendously. Mrs, Florence had sung and
danced in sailors costume, holding the star
spangled banner, which she tossed to Mr.
Florence at the other side of the stage. lie
took it, spread it out carefully, counted its
thirty-three stars aloud, and exclaimed with
deep feeling, "Thank God, they are all
there!" The house rose as one man, and tbe
enthusiasm lasted several minutes.
subscriber having put the Saw-mill,
B at the Bellefonte Mills, in complete rc
pairs, and having his logs boomed in the
dam, is now ready to furnish bills of
on short notice, of any length not exceeding
forty feet. By having the logs in the boom
a small bill ef any length can be got out and
sawed in one or two hours.
of all sizes kept constantly on band.
He will, also, have a Planing Mill in oper
ation to supply carpenters and builders in
time for commencing building next season.
JACOB Y. THOMAS.
Dec. 13, 1860. 6m.
THE Twelfth Anniversary of the Centre
county Teachers' Institute will beheld
in Boalsburg, on the 25th inst., and will be
continued three days. The services of many
d.stinguisbed educationists are secured, and
a full attendance of Teachers, and a season
of unusual profit to the educational interests
of our county is anticipated. Arrangements
are in progress for free accommodations, and
if successfcl, the expenses will be trifling. ,
Teachers from other couties are respectful-,
T. HOLAIIAN, Pres't. & Co. Supi.
Boalsburg, Dec. 13,-2t.
STRAY HOGS—Came to the residence
of the subscriber in Benner twp., near
the Big Hollow, some time during the month
oi October, two White Hogs witb black spots,
both have the point of the left ear cut off.—
The owner, or owners, will please come for
ward, prove property, pay charges, and take
them away, otherwise they will be disposed
of according to law. PHILIP MOIST.
Dec. 13, 1860,-4t.
Farmer, Mechanic, and Bnsinesi Man Wants.
THE TOWNSHIP AND ' LOCAL LAWS
State of jfennsylvania,
COMPILED FROM TOE ACTS OF ASSEMBLY BY
WILLIAM T. HAINES, ESQ.,
A.YD PUBLISHED BY
EDWARD F. JAMES,
WEST CHESTER, PA.
THIS work contains over 400 p'ges of closely
printed matter, and will be sold by subscrip
It teaches the duty of Justices of the Peace,
with forms for the transaction of their business.
It teaches the duties of Constables with all the
necessary forms, appertaining to the office.
It contains the duties of Supervisors of every
County and Township in the State.
It contains the mode of procedure for the lay*
ing out and opening of public and private roads,
of vacatiug and altering roads, the buildiug of
bridges, Ac., Ac.
It contains the Common School Law, with ex
planations, decisions, and directions, together
with forms for Deeds, Bonds, Contracts, Certifi
cates, Ac., Ac. This department of the work was
compiled at Harrisburg by Mr. Samuel P, Bates,
Deputy Superintendent, and is alone worth the
price of the volume to any one interested in Com
It contains the duties of Township Auditors.
It contains the laws relative to Dogs <t Sheep.
It contains the duties of Assessors.
It contains the laws in relation to Strays, Mules
It contains the laws relative to Fences and
It contains laws relative to Game Hunting,
Trout and Deer.
It coniains the Election Laws with all neces
It contains the Naturalization Laws, with all
the necessary Forms for application.
It contains a large number of Legal Forms,
which are used in the every day transaction of
business, such as Acknowledgments, Affidavits,
Articles of agreements and Contracts, Partner
ship, Apprentices, Assignments, Attestations,
Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes, Bills of
Sale, Bonds, Checks, Covenants, Deeds, I'eposi
tion, Due Bills and Produce Notes, Landlord and
Tenant, Leases, Letters of Attorney, Marriage,
Mortgages, Bee ipts and Releases. The work is
bound in Law sheep, and will be sold to subscri
bers at $ I 25 per copy, payable on delivery of the
work. The work has passed the revision of many
of the best Lawyers iu the State and has received
their unqualified approbation, as a reliable hand
bock of reference upon all subjects upon which
it treats. The whole iwarrangvd in such a man
ner as to present a plain, concise and explicit
statement of the doties of all Township Officers,
as may be readily understood by any one Cen
tre county will be thoroughly canvassed for the
work, and the support of the citizens is respect
General Agent for Centre County.
P. S.—Aood canvassers are wanted in all parts
of this County for the above work, to whom a
liberal compensation will be given. Aplications,
which must be made at an early da'e, addressed
to the Goneral Agent at Bellefonte will receive
promt attention. [Dec. 13, '6o.—it.
Orphans' Court Sale.
BY vistue of an order of the Orphans' Court of
Centre county, will be exposed to Public
hale, on the premises, on
IRIDA Y, DECEMBER 28th, 1860,
at 10 o'clock, A, M., tbe following described real
estate, situate in Walker township, about two
miles below Hublersburg, Gentre Co., late the
property of John Beck, dee'd., bounded and de
scribed as follows : One tract of land, known as
the "Old Mansion Farm," bounded on the North
by innds of Thomas Huston asd Henry Beck, on
the West by land of Jonathan Philips, on the
South by land of Chas. Dinges' heirs, and on the
East by 'and of Micheal Sha ffer, containing
ONE HUNDRED AND ELEVEN ACRES AND
nett measure, about nin(ty-fivq of which is clear
ed and in a high state of cultivation, and the bal
arce is well timbe ed, on which is erected a two
story Dwelling House, Log Barn, and otter out
buildings. There is a good Orchard on the farm
and a well of good water at the bouse, and a nev
er failing stream of water tuns through the place.
The location of this farm, in one of the best
wheat growing valleys in the State, renders it a
most desirable property.
Another tract of land, adjoining lands of Jona
than Phillips, Joseph Sweyers, Daniel Pealer,
Jacob Lutz and others, containing
all cleared and in good order, on which is erect
ed a Dwelling House, Stable and other out-build
ings. There is a thriving orchard and cistern on
A lot of g round adjoining land of Thos. Huston,
" The Old Mansion Farm," an d the road leading
from Bellefuntfc to Lock Haven, containing
ONE ACRE AND EIGHT PERCHES,
on which is erected a small Dwelling House and
About THIRTY-FOUR ACRES and THIRTY
TIIREE PERCHES of good timber 'and, bound*,
ed by lands <>f Jas. Martin, Dinges' Heirs, Joseph
'Swfeyers and others. This timber land is divided
off into five lots and will be sold separately, a plot
of which, showing the amount of each lot, will
be exhibited on the day of the sale.
Pos session given on the Ist of April, 1861.
One third of the purchase money to remain
charged upon the land tor tbe widow, to be se
cured by Bond and Mortgage on the premises, tHe
interest thereof to be paid annually to the widow,
during her life, an ti at her death to pay the prin
cipal to the heirs and legal representatives of
John Beck, decpeesu, and one half of theremain
i ig two thirds to be paid on confirmation of sale,
and the residue in one year with interest from
the time possession is given, to be serared by
Bond and Mortgage on the premises.
CHARLES BECK, Trustee.
Dec. 6, 1860. ts.
Axe Factory & Houses For Rent.
THE Bellefonte Axe Factory, capable of
tarnishing twenty dozen axes per day,
now in the occupancy of Harvey Mann.
The dwelling house on High Street, with or
without the frame buildiDg adjoining, new
occupied by J. V. Thomas. For particulars
apply to WM. A. THOMAS.
Bedefonte, Dec. 13, '6o.—6t.
Notice to Merchants and Collec-
tors of Centre county.
WE hereby notify all mere; ants of Cen
tre county, that we expect them to
pay their license on or before the first day
of January nex£, as after that time they will
be placed in the hands of the proper officer
for collection. Pay up, gentlemen, and save
We also notify the Collectors of State and
County taxes, that we wish them to collect
all the money they can, and pay it over, on
or before the first day of January next. We
are greatly in need of money and must have
it. Times are hard, we know, but we ex*
pect every man to do his duty.
W. W. BROWN,
Tnas. of Centre Co.
Dec. 13. '6o.—2t.
STRAY CALF.—Camo to the residence of the
subscriber in Walker towusbip, a Red Calf
about ten months old, in or about the middle of
May last. No particular marks. The owner is
reqested to come forward, prove property, pay
charges, and take it away, otherwise it will be
disposed of according to Law.
Nov. 2, 1860. St.
FLOUR FOR SALE.—Extra superfiine family
Flour lor sale by
Dec. J3, 1860.] D. LB7DEN k CO.
Tut AMALGAMATION or LANGUAGBB. —There is
a growing tendency in this age to appropriate the
mhßt expressive words of other languages, and
after a while to incooporate them into our own ;
thus the word Cephalic, which is from theQreek,
signifying " for the head," is now becoming pop
ularized in connection with Mr. Spalding's great
Headache remedy, but it will soon be used in a
more general way, and the word Cepalic will be
come as common as Electrotype and many others
whose distiction as foreign words has been worn
away by common usage until they seem " native
and to the manor born."
Hi 'ad 'n 'orrible 'eadacb e this hafternoon, hand
I stepped into the hapothecaries hand says hi to
the man, " Can you hease me of an 'eadache?" —
" Does it hache 'ard,"says 'e. "Hexceedingly,"
says hi, hand upon that 'e gave me a Cephalie
P ill, knnd 'pon me 'onor it cured me so quiek that
I 'ardly realized I 'ad an'eadache.
HEADACHE is the favorite sign by which
nature makes known any deviation whatever from
the natural state of the brain, and viewed in this
light it may be looked on as a safeguard intended
to give notice of disease which might other vise
escape attention, till too late to be remedied ; and
its indications should never be neglected. Heed- ,
aches may be classified under two names, viz :
Symptomatic and Idiophatic. Symptomatic Head
ache is exceedingly common and is the precursor
of a great variety of diseases, among which are
Apoplexy, Gout, Rheumatism and all febrile dis
eases. In its nervous form it is sympathetic of
diseases of the stomach constituting sick head
ache, of hepathic disease constituting bilious head
ache, of worms, constipation and othei disorders
of the bowels, as well as renal and uterine affec
tions. Diseasas of the heart are very frequently
attended with Headaches ; Anainia and plethora
are also affections which frequently occasion head
ache. Idiopathic Headache is also very common,
being usually distinguished by the name of ner
vous headache, sometimes coming on suddenly in
a state of apparently sound health and prostrat
ing at once the mental and physical energies, and
in other instances it comes on slowly, heralded by
depression of spirits or acerbity of temper. In
most instances the pain is in the front of the bead,
'over one or both eyes, and sometimes provoking
vomiting ; under this class may also be named
For the treatment of either class of Headache
the Cephalic Pills have been found a sure and
sate remedy, relieving the most acute pains in a
few minutes, and by its subtle power eradicating
the dis ase of which Headucbe is tae unerring in
■ ■■■" csy> i. i.
BRIDGET. —Missus wants'you to send herabox
of Cephalic Glue, no, a bottle of Piepared Pills, —
but I'm thinking that's not just it naither ; but
perhaps ye'll be afther knowing what it is. Ye
see she's nigh dead and gone with the Sick Head
ache, and wants some more of that same as reliev
ed her before.
Druggist. —You must mean Spalding's Cephalic
Bridget. —Och! sure now and you've sed it,
here's the quarther and give me the Pill- 4 aud
don't be all day about it aither.
CONSTIPATION OR COSTIVENESS.
No one of the " many ills flesh is heir to" is so
prevalent, so little understood, and so much ne
glected as Costiveness. Often originating in care
les-ness, or sedentary habits ; it,is regarded as a
slight disorder of too little cousequenee to excite
anxiety, whiie in reality it is the precursor and
companion of many of the most fatal and danger
ous diseases, and unless early eradicated it will
bring the sufferer to an untimely grave. Among
the lighter evils of which costiveness is the usual
attendant are Headache, Colic, Rheumatism. Foul
Breath, Piles and others of like nature, while a
long train of frightful diseases, such as Malignant
Fevers, Abcesses, Dysentery, Di irrhoea, Dyspep
sia, Apoplexy, Epilepsy, Paralysis, Hysteria,
Hyposfaondriasis, Melancholy and Insanity, first
indicate their presence in the system by this
alarming symptom, Not unfrequently the dis
eases named originate in Constipation, but take on
an independent existence unless the case is erad
icated in an early ctnge. From all these consid
erations it follows that the disorder should rec> ive
immediate attention whenever it occurs, and on
the first appearance of the oomplaint, as their
timely use will expel the insiduo'us approaches of
diseases and destroy this dangerous foe to human
A REAL BLESSING.
Physician. —Well, Mrs, Jones, how is that head
Mrs Jones, Gone ! Doctor, all gone! the pill yon
sent cured me in just twenty minutes, and I wish
you would send me more so that I can have them
Physician. —You can get them at any Druggists.
Call for Cephalic Pills, I find they never fail, and
1 recommend them in all cases of Headache,
Mrs. Jones, —l shall send for a box directly, and
shall tell all my sufferiug friends, for they are a
TWENTY MILLIONS OR DOLLARS SAVED. —Mr.
SpaldiDg has sold two millions of bottles of his
celebrated Prepared Glue and it is estimated that
each bottle saves at least ten dollars worth ot
broken furniture, thus making an aggregate of
twenty millions of dollars reclaimed from total
loss by this valuable invention. Having made bis
Glue ah.< usehold word, he now proposes to do the
world still greater service by curing all the ach
ing heads with his Cephalic Pills, and if they are
as good as his Glue, lleadacbes will soon vanish
away like snow in July,
FACTS WORTH KNOWING, —Spalding's
Pills are a eertai cure for Sick Headache, Bill
ions Headache, Nervous Headache, Costiveness
and General Debility.
By the use of the Pills the periodic attacks of
Nervous or Sitk Headache may be prevented; and
if taken at the commencement of an attack imme
diate relief from pain and sickness will be obtain
Tbey seldom fail in removing the Nausea and
Headache to which female are so subject
They act gently upon the bowels, —removing
For Literary Hen, Students, Delicate Females,
and all persons of sedentary habits, they are valu
able as a Laxative, improving the apdetite, giving
tone and vigor to the.digestive organs, and restor
ing the natnrol elasticity and streagth of the
The CEPHILIC PILLS are the result of long
investigation and carefully conducted experiments
having been in use many years, daring which time
they have prevented and relieved a vast amount
of pain and suffering from Headache, whether
originating in the nervous system or from a de
ranged state of the stomach.
They are entirely vegetable in their composi
tion, and may be taken at all times with perfect
safety without making any change <f diet, and
the absenee of any disagreeable taste renders it easy
to administer them to children.
BEWARE OF COUNTERFEITS !
The genuine have five signatures of Henry C,
Spalding on each Box -
Sold by Druggists and all other Dealers in Med
A box will be seut by mail prepaid on receipt
PRICE 25 CENTS.
All ordrs shtnld be addressed to
HENRY C. SPALDING,
48 Cedar Street, New-York.
Nev. 23, 1860. ly.
Conner £ jllecl,
The largest assortment of goods ever before offered
for sale by them, consisting,
as heretofore of all such staple goods as are usually
kept in a country store, together with all the
NEW STYLES IN MARKET.
Black and Fancy Silks, Brocades, Madcna's Do-
Beges, B Arages, Barage-detains, Delains, Challi
delains, Poplins, I.rstres, Alpacas, Bombazines,
Lawns, Ginghams, Chintz, Brilliants, ChalliCrape-
Marets, Tanjore Cloth, Robes and Traveling Dress
A large assortment of mourning goods.
Black Silk, Thibit Cashmere Crape and Stilla
Shawlr, Mantillas, Cashmere Scarfs, and Shawl
Cloths, Cassimers, Satinetts, Cashmeres, Kentuc
ky-Jeans, Drills, Ducks, Cottonades and
Ladies' and Gents' Hoisery, Gloves, Gauntlets and
Mitts, Ladies Coliurs and IJnder Sleeves, Laces
Oiled Window Blinds, Plain and Ornamented, Li
nen and Lace Curtains, Gilt Cornice for Blinds, T
able Covers and Floor Cloths.
Oakford's Hats always on hand, together with
Straw Goods, Bonnets, Shakers, Ribbons, Artifi
cials and Bonnet Trimmings,
A very "argo assortment of Shoes and Boots for
men, women and children.
Queensware, Cedarware and Groceries:
TONNER & STEEL
CALL THE ATTENTION OF
MECHANICS I BUILDERS
To their much enlarged stock of Hardware Sad
dlery and Coach Trimmings.
Bellefonte, Oct. 11,-60 —tf.,
NEW AND SPLENDID STOCK
WARRANTED to be just what we represent
them. We have the very best which wo
warrant, and lower grades in all their varieties.
CALL AND EXAMINE
OUR STOCK AND
SEE FOR YO'iRSELF.
Leather of all Descriptions,
BELTING kept for Machinery. Any size
have not got I can get in a weeks time. Sold a
A LARGE STOCK OF SHOE FIN DIGS
DEFY COMPETITION IN HATS,
TOBACCO AND CIGARS.
Saddlery, Saddles, Bridle 3,
Halters, Cart Gears, Cart
Paddles, Harness Collars,
Harness Lines, and every
article made and kept by
WATAR PROOF BOOTS,
DOUBLE SOULED WARRANTED,
COPPER TIDED BOOTS AND SHOES
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF
BUFFALO ROBES, HORSE BLANKETS,
SLEIGH BELLS. FOX TRAPS. &o.
Higest market price paid for HIDES, SKINS <tr
ALL KINDS OF FURS,
Come and examine our stork. We will show it
with pleasure, and satisfy you it is
THE PLACE to get good
Boots and Shoes,
and such articles in our lino.
At Burnside's we study to please, and give sat
Please accept our thanks for past favors.
Eellofonte, Oct, 11th iB6O.
GREEN'S MUG Ap VARIETY STORE,
North-Hast Corner of tho Diamond,
THE UNDERSIGNED would re*Decffnlly in
form his pa .rons and the public generally
that he has just returned from Eastern Market 3
where he has purchased and is now selling the
largest and bo=t assortment of DRUGS. MEDI
CINES, FANCY ARTICLES, Ac., ever brought
to this country. He has constantly on hand ali
the approved PATENT MEDICINES of tho day.
FLUID, PINE OIL, COAL OIL, LINSEED OIL,
PAINTS VARN-SH, Ac.,
together with a large assortment of tho TOBAC
CO A SEGARS, of the best brands.
COAL OIL A FLUID LAMPS, HAIR. TOOTH.
NAIL, CLOTHES, A PAINT BRUSHES,
PERFUMERY A HAIR OILS.
Also, a fine assortment of Plain and Fancy.
CONFECTIONERY, RAISINS, NUTS, &.C., &C...
TOYS of every description, also
" FANCY CHINA-WARE.
Prescriptions and family receips careiully and
Thankful for the patronage he has received du
ring the last four years he solicits a continuance
of the sam, and from the expeiienco he has had
he feels confident of giving satisfaction.
FRANK P. GREEN.
Nov. 15. 1860.—tf,
New Store at Pleasant Gap.
r rHE subscriber would respectfully in
-L form the citizens of Centre county that ha
has just received and opened an entire new stock
ot fe 11 and winter goods consisting of
CLOTHING, DRY -UOODS,
I also have on hands a good supply of
Boots A Shoes, Hats A Caps, Fancy De
laines A Merinoes, Ladies Furs, Hoods, Scarfs,
Cloths, Fancy Gloves, Khives, Breast
Pins, Ac., Ac., Ac.,
all of which he will sell as low and oven lower
than con be had anywhere else.
J. M. CAMPBELL.
Pleasant Gap, Oct. 18, '6o.—tf.
A LARGE andsplenr* assortment of Millinery
Goods has just bee eceived at the Store of
BS. E. GRAFIUS.
Among other things, ybe found a fine assort
VEL VET, SILK AND STB A W BONNETS,
purchashei in the city, and trimmed in the latest
and most fashionable styles;
Having employed a first class milliner from the
City she feels prepared to execute all orders with
which she may be favored.
Whitman's best candies for sale
MRS. E. H GRAFIUS.
Nov. Ist—'6"- tf.
TURNPIKE NOTICE. '
AN Election of the stockholders of the Bald
Eagle and Nittany Valley Turnpike and
Railroad Company, will be held at Howard Iron .
Works on the last second day ef the tweffth
month, (it being the 31st day,) to elect officers to
serve for the ensuing year, or until others are
chosen. WM. E. IRWIN, Secretary.
Dec 6,1860, 3t.
DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP.—The
partnership heretofore existing between Jo
seph B- Erb and Chas. Dennis, and trading under
the firm of Jos. B. Erb A Co., has this day, Nov,
24th, been dissolved, The business, hereafter, to
be conducted under the firm of E. W. Erb A 00.
JOS. B. ERB A CO-
Nov. 29, 1860. 9t,