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% Jfwtlg tlcfospaptr—Dttoitb la politics, iratptnmtt, literature, Science, ®|e gftcejianies, Agriculture, C|e s|tar!iets, (Eheatiun, Amusement, general Intelligence, cfc.
J. S. & J. J. BRISBIU,
St|c Centre gemuerat.
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY |
J.S.&J. J. BRISBIN.
Office in the Arcade Building, Second Floor. |
TERMS. —SI,SO if paid in advance or within six !
enonths after subscribing,otherwise $2 will invari- j
ably be charged. No subscriptions received for j
a shorter period than six months and none dis- ;
aontinued, unless at the option of the editor, until |
all arrearaees are paid. \
BUSINESS CARPS. T I
I\T'ALBISTER & BEAVER
IYJL ATTORNiiYti-AT-LAW, DELLEFONTE, FA j
Office on Allegheny Street. Feb. 10 517
EM. BLANCHARD- ATTORNEY
. -AT-LAW, BELLKONTK, PENN'A. Office
f urnirly occupied by the Hon. James Burnside.
Jan. 19, '60.-tf.
VJiT W BROWN-ATTORNET-AT-
Y Y LAW BELLEFONTE, PEKNA. Will attend to i
all legal business entrusted to him, with prompt
ness. May, 5 '69.
TAS. H. RANKIN, ATTORNEY-AT
YJ LAW, BELLEFONTE, PA. WU attend prompt
ly to all legal business entrusted to him. Office
next door to the Post Office. [Sjpt. 20, '6O, tf
YY -LAW BELLFONTK, I'A , will promptly ate
tend to all legal business entrusted to him. office
three doors North of the diamond. jan.l2'6o
T? J. HOCKMAA , SURVEYOR AND
Jj, CONVEYANCER, BELLEFONTE, PA., will
attend to and correctly execute all businesi en
trusted te him. [June 14,-'6O, — tf.
WEO, L. POTTEIJ. m. D. !
OFFICE on High street, (oldoffice.) Bellefonte
Pa. Will attend to professional calls as
heretofore, and respectfully offers his professional
services his friends and tho public. Oct.2fi'sß
G A. FAIRLAMB, M. T). JAS. A. DOBBINS, M. D
FAIR LAMB & DOBBINS.
DR. FAIRLAJEIJ has associated with him ER
J. H. DOBBIN®.in the practice of medicine
office as heretofore on uishop street, opposite the
Temperance Hotel. March 19,57.
WM. .REIBE R, BURGEON AND
PHYSICIAN, having perman cntly located
offers his Professional pervicos to the citizens of
Pine Grove Mills and vicinity, and respectfully
oslicits a liberal portion of the public patronage".
[Feb. 16, '6o.—ly.
agqgsgh J. J. EINGEE, Operative
gIaSSaL and Mechauical Dentist; will prao-
ICAJLL? tiee all the various branches of his
profession in the most approved manner. Office
and residence on Spring St.Bellefonte' Pa.
[ivlar. g. '6O. tf.
TAMES RIDDLE ATTOKNEY-AT
Y/ LAW, BELLEFONTE PA. Will atttend to all
business entrusted to him with care and prompt
ness, P.cfer to Gov. Pollock, Milton Pa. and
Hon. A. U. Curtin, Bellef -nto Pa. Office with
John 11. Stover* jan. 5, '6O.
J" R..MUFFLY, ACIT.ST FOB TH
, WESTJO RANCH INSURANCE COMPANY. Per
sons wishing to secure themselves from losses by
fire, will do well to call upon him at the store of J.
K. Muffly & Co., N. E. corner of the Diamond,
three doors above Allegheny street, Bellefonte,
Centre co., Pa. Mar; 15, '6O. lv.
WW. WHITE, HENTIPT, has per-
manently located in' Boalsburg, Centre
County Pa. Office on main St., next door to tho
store of Johnston <fc Keller, where he purposes
practising his profession in the most scientific
manner and at moderate charges. mar.
IRA C. MITCHELL. CYRUS T. ALEXANDER.
MITCHELL & A LET LAND ER.
ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, BELLEFONTE PF.NNA.
Having associated themselves in the practice
ot law, will attenl promptly to all business en
trusted to their care
Office in the Arcade. [Novi 1, 'SO*.—tf.
DEEDS BONDS, MORTGAGES, AND AR
TICLES OF AGREEMENT neatly and cor
lectly executed. Also, attention will be given to
the adjustment of Book Accounts and accounts
1 Adminstratior s and Executors prepared forhling.
office next door to the Post Uffiee.
yet., 19th, 'SS, WM. J. KEALSII.
Office and residence on the North
•astern corner of tho Public Square, near the
Will be found at his office, except two weeks in
each month, commencing <Tn the first ''•''oDauy of
each month, when he wilt be filling professional
engagements elsewhere. Oct. 22, '57 4g tf.
JOHN H. STOVER
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
BELLEFONTE, PA., will practice his pro
fession in the several courts of Centre county.—
All business entrusted to him will be carefully at
tended to. Collections made and all monies
promptly remitted. Office, on High st. formerly
opcuped by Judge Burnside, and D. C. Boal, Esq.
wherehe can be consulted both in the English and
inthe german language. May 6,'53—22 ly.
JAB. MACMANUS. w. P. MACMANU
J: & WM. P. -VIACMANUS.
ATTORNEY'S-AT-LAW, BELLEFONTE, PA.,
Office in the rooms formerly occupied by
Linn & Wilson, Allegheny street. Jas. Macman
ushas associated with W. P. Macmanus, Esq., in
the practice of law. Professional business intrus
tedt o their care will receive prompt attention.
They will attehd the several Courts in the Coun
ties of Centre, Clinton and Clearfield.
Jane 21, '6O, tf.
TJAT7E & hoy, ATTORNEYS-AT
XI LAW, wilt attend pro nptly to all business
entru stedto their care. Office in the building
fermerly occupied by Hon, Jas. T. Hale.
Messrs. Hale A Hoy will attend to my business
during my absence in Congress, and will be as
sisted by me in the trial of all causes entrustedto
them. J. T. HALE. jans'lS6o
CURTIN & BLANCHARD.
A TTOKNEY'S-AT-LAW, BELLEFONTE, PENNA I
The undersigned having associated them
selves in the practise of Law, will faithfully at
tend to all professional business entrusted to them
in Centre, Clintion and Clearfield counties. All
collections placed in their hsnds, will receive
their promt attention. Office in Blanchard's new
building on Allegheny street.
Nov. 30 'SB CURTIN & BLANCHARD.
MS AJYKIJYG HOUSE OF
WM. F.. REYNOLDS & CO.
BELLEFONTE, CENTRE CO., PENN'A.
Bills of Exchange and Notes discounted ; Collec
tions made and Funds promptly remitted. Inter-,
est paid on Special Deposits, Exchange on the
Eastern cities constantly on hand and for sale.
Deposits received. April 7 'SB
WM. HARDING, FASHIONABLE BARBER AND
HAIR DRESSER, BELLEFONTE, PA., Has
opened a Barber Shop one door above the Frank-
Mn House, where he can be found at all times.—
Good Razors, keen and sharp, kept constantly on
hand. Hair Dressing, Nhampooning, Ac., atten
ded to in the most workman like manner. He
hopes by strict attention to business to reoeive a
liberal share of public patronage.
June 28, IB6o*—tf.
NEW TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP
CENTRE CO. PENNSYLVANIA,
BY S. D. TIL DEN,
From actnni Measurement by Instrumen-
I til Surveys throughout the County.
By H. I'. WALLING, Civil Engineer.
; rpilE undersigned proposes to publish by order
| X a large and accurate Popographical May of
| Centre county, from thorough and careful sur
: veys, by H. F. Walling, Civil Engineer.
| Every road has been carefully surveyed by
I course and distance, and the location noted of all
| the public roads, Dwellings, Chur -hes, Post Offi
ces, Hotels, fetores, School Houses, Factories,
Mills. Shops, Mountains, Ponds Streams. Ac.—
The names of Property Holders generally—care
fully including those who order the work—will
I he engraved upon the Map, showing the exact lo
! cation of each.
Extra Maps of the Principal Villages will be
' engraved upon the margin o'" the Map ; also a
! Table of Distances, showing the number of miles
from i aeh Post office to every othea throughout
the county, together with the latest statistical in
| formation. An ornamental border will surround
; tbo Map
The Map will be engraved by the m st skillful
I .Artists in the country, handsomely colored and
| mounted, and will be delivered to those who or
j derfor Five dollars per copy.
We are now actively engaged in forwarding tlie
| work, and shall endeavor to give every properly
j holder an opportunity of ordering A copy, and al
i so of examining the work before its final com
| pletion; in order to make it entirely satisfactory
I as to accuracy, Ac.
The map will contain all the information usual
! ly fouud in Town maps, for each of the towr.s in
J the county, and it is obvious that the most liberal
! patronage is needed to sustain us in producing a
i work of so great magnitude and expense. As it
I is evidently of such practical utility and inteiest
to business men and citizens generally, present
ing so minute and distinct a representation of the
county, that even the child may readily acquire a
correct idea of each town, village, Ac., and their
trne directions, distances from each other, we con
fidently solicit and expect the hearty co-operation
of the intelligent and enterprising citizens of Ceu
S. D. TILDEN. Publisher.
These maps are said exclusively by the
Publisher, and no variation in price. No more
maps are printed than what are actually ordered.
We the undersigned, having axamined there
cent surveys anl drafts of Centre county, also
Topographical Maps of other counties, pulished
by Mr. S. D. Ti'den, take pleasure in recommend
ing a Topographscal Map of this county, which s
very much needed, being of great practical value
to business men and citizens generally, and from
he united testimonials and recommendations the.
are from oistinguished gentlemen wh-re they
nve made surveys and published county maps.—
We feel confident they will furnish an accurate,
reliable and useful Map and Directory well w.ir
ty of liberal patronage.
Y e hope the citizens of tins county will interest
themselves sufficiently in this enterprise, so that
the Publisher may engrave upon the margin of
the map, extra plans of tho villages in the county
upon an enlarged scale.
Considering the expense of such a survey of the
whole county, and being entirely a local work we
think it is offered to the citizens on very reason
Win. F. Reynolds, James T. Hale, John H'offer,
Adam Hoy, Win. A. Thotnas, E. C. Humes IraC.
Mitchell. 11. N. McAllister, J* S. Barnhart. as.
A. Beaver, Cyrus T. Alexander, Ed. BUnehard,
11. Brookerhoff, Wm. P. Wilson, Geo. L. Potter,
Geo. Livingston, Jacob V. Thorn as, Geo. A. Fair
lamb, Jas. 11. Rankin, James F. Riddle, John
Tonner, Jesse L* Tost, George W. Tate, John T.
Hoover, P. B. Wilson, James Li nn, J. B. Mitch
ell, E. Greene, J. H. Stover, R . G. Durham, Sam'l
Linn, H. P. Harris, A. S. Valentine.
Aug. 23._ 1860. tf.
THE CELEBRATED HOLLAND REMEDY FOR
DISEASE OF THE KIDNEYS,
WEAKNESS OF ANY KIND,
FEVER AND AGUE, -
And the various affections consequent upon a disorderod
STOMACH OR LITER,
Such as Indigestion, Acidity of the Stomach, Colicky Paine,
Heartburn, Loss of Appetite, Despondency, CostiYeness,
Blind and Bleeding Piles. In all Nervous, Rheumatic, nnd
Neuralgic Affections, It has in numerous instances proved
highly beneficial, and in others effectod a decidod cnre.
This is a purely vegetable compouud, prepared on strictly
scientific principles, after the manner of the celebrated
Holland Professor, Boerhave. Its reputation at home pro
duced its introduction here, the demand commencing with
those of tho Fatherland scattered over the face of this
mighty country, many of whom brought with them and
handed down the tiadition of its value. 11 is now offered
to the American put lie, knowing that its truly wonderful
medicinal virtues mus ' he acknoivledged.
It is particularly re -oramended to those persons whose
constitutions may have been impaired by the continuous use
of arder.t spirits, or other forms of dissipation. Gonerally
instantaneous in effect, it finds its way directly to the seat
of life, thrilling and quickening every nerve, raising up tho
drooping spirit, and, in fact, infusing new health and vigor
In the system.
NOTlCE.—Whoever expects to find this a beverage will
be disappointed; but to the sick, weak and low spirited, it
will prove a grateftil aromatic cordial, nossessed of singular
READ CAREFULLY I
The Genuine highly concentrated Boerhave's Holland
"Bitters is put up in half-piut bottles only, and retailed at
ONE DOLLAR per bottle, or six bottles for FIVE DOLLARS. The
great demand for tikis truly rolebrated Medicine has induced
many imitations, which the public should guard against
JtSf Beware of Imposition. See that our name is on the
label of every bottle you buy.
Sold by Druggists generally. It can be forwarded
by Express to most points.
BENJAMIN PAGE, JR. & CO.
pharmaceutists and (Chemists-
FOR SALE AT the following named places i n
J. Harris k Co., Bellefonte; D. Houser k Son;
Plumville Mills ; Geo. Jack k Co., Boalsburg ,
Adam F.Shaffer, Madisonburg; Samuel Pontius,
Zion ; Baker Weber, Howard; H. Brown, Hu
blersbirrg : C. G. Ryman kT. M. Hall, Miles
burg; A. T. Schnell k Co., Port Matilda; Rbule
k Keestnan, Millheim; Sam-Frank, Rebersburg;
T. Wolf k Son, Wolf's Store; W. Wolf, Centre
Hall; R. H. Duncan, Spring Mills; J. T. Jack,
Potters' Mills ; Peter Kerlin, Cburchville ; J. H.
Hahn, Springfield; Rankin k Bolinger, Bai
leyaville ; J. y. Williams, Eagleville; Nixon k
Co., Mill Ilall; Joseph Bing, Unionville ; Gross
k Yearick, Aaronsburg; J 0. Bryan, Pine Grove
Mills ; Jacob Daniels, Stormstown, and by deal
Sept. 6, 'flO.t—
["WE STAND UPON THE IMMUTABLE PRINCIPLES OF JUSTICE—NO EARTHLY .POWER SHALL DRIVE US FROM OUR POSITION
BELLEFONTE, PA., THURSDAY MORNING. NOV., 29 1860
GEO. G. EVANS'
GIFT BOOK EKTERPRISE.
LARGEST IN THE WORLD!!
439 CHESTNUT STREET,
SIXTH YEAR OTTHEENTERPRISE.
yrHaring purchased the spacious Jrcv uilding,
o. 439 Chestnut Street, and fitted it up icith every
convenience to facilitate my business, particularly
that brauch devoted to Country Order* ; and hav
ing u larger capital than any other party invested
in the business, I am now prepared to offer greater
advantages, and better gifts than ever to my cus
I tcill furnish any book ( of a moral character)
published in the United States, the reyular retail
price of which is One Dollar or upwarks, and give
a jiresent worth from 50 cents to 100 dollars with
each book, aad guarantee to give perfect satisfac
tion, as I am determined to maintain the reputation
already bestowed upon my establishment.
Strangers visiting Phsladelphia are invitek to
call and judge for themselocs. G. G. EVANS.
IF YCU WANT ANY BOORS
GEO. G. EVANS,
RELIABLE GIFT BOOK ENTERPRISE,
No. 439 CHESTNUT STREET,
Where all hooks are sold at the Publishers low
est prices, and you have the
A HANDSOME PRESENT
WORTH FROM 50 CENTS TO 100 DOLLARS
WI'III EACH BOOK
GEO. G. EVANS' Original Gift Book Enterprise
has been endorsed by the book
trade and all the leading city and
country newspapers in the Un ted
G 10. G. EVANS' Punctual business transnctions
have received the approbation of
over 6,000,000 citizents of the Uni
ted States, each of whom have re
cived substantial evidence of the
benefits derived by purchsing
hooks at this establishment.
GEO. G. EVVNS Has done more than any other
publisher or booksellerin the Uni
ted States,towards diffusing knowl
edge to the people* By his system
many books are read that other
wise would not have round their
way into the hands of readers.—
Frank Leslie's Newspaper.
GEO. G. EVANS Keeps constantly on hank the
most extensive stock, the greatest
assortment of Books, and circu
lates free to all who may apply,
the most complete catalogue of
Books and Gifts in the United
GEO. G. EVANS Has advantages offered him oth
er publishers and manufacturers
which enable him to furnish his
patrons with a finer quality and a
better as sortment of gifts than any
GEO. G. EVVNS Publishes nearly Two Hundred
Popular and interesting Books,
therefore, as a publisher, he is bet
ter able to offer extra premiums
GEO. G. EVANS Guarantees perfect satisfaction to
all who may send for books.
GEO. G. EVANS' New classified catalogue of book'
embrace the writings of every stan
dard authnr in every department
o-f literature, and gives all the in
formation relative to the purchas
ing and forwarding by mail or Ex
press of books ordered from his es
tablishmett, together with full di
rections how to remit money.
GEO. G. EVANS' Catalogue of books will be sent
gratis'ana free of postage to any
address in the United States.
GEO. G. EVANS' Inducements to agents cannot he
surpassed. The most liberal com
missions ar offered, and by solic
iting subscriptions to books in the
same time that it would take to sell
one on the old fashioned subscrip
tion plan. Send for a classified
catalogue, and every information
will be given in reference to agen
cies. Select your books enclose
the amount of money required,and
one trial will satisfy you that the
best place in the country to pur
chase books is at
GIFT BOOK ESTABLISHMENT.
G*eo. G- Evans,
No. 439 Chestnut Street,
WHERE YOU CAN GET BOOKS OF
Books of Fact! Books of Fiction !
Bo' ks of Devotion ! Books of Amusement!
Books for old Folks ! Books for young Folks !
Books For Huonds ! Books for Wives!
Books for Lovers! Books for Sweethearts !
Books for Boys !
Books for Girls!
Books of Humor !
Books of Poetry !
Books of Travel!
Books of History !
Books of Biography !
Books of Adventure!
Books about Sailors !
Books about Soidiers !
Books about Indians !
Books about Hunters !
Books about Heroes !
Boods about Patriots !
Books about Farmers!
Books for Mechanics !
Books for Merchants !
Books 'or Physicians!
Books for Lawyers !
Books for Statesmen !
Prayer >ooks !
Juvenile Books !
Cceil B. Hartley's Interesting Biographies!
Rev. J. H. Ingraham's Spiritual Fomances!
Smucker's Live of Patriots and Scatesmen !
J. T. Lauren's Revolutionary Stories !
T. S. Arthur's Popular Tales !
Dr. Alcott's Family Doctor !
Mrs. Hentz's Novels!
Mrs. Southworth's Novels!
Waverly Novels !
All the writings of very standard author in
every department cf literalure, in every style of
binding, at th* publisher's lowest price?, and re-
member that you pay no more than you would at
any other establishment,and you have the advan
tage of receiving an elegant Present, which often
times is worth a hundred fold more than the
amount paid for the book.
SEND FOR A CLASSIFIED GATALOGUE OF
Order any book that you may want, remit the re
tail price, together with the amount required for
postage and one trial will assure you that the best
place in the country to purchase boohs is at the
Gift Book Establishment of G. G. EVANS,
Originator of the Gift Book Enterprise, No. 439
Chetnut Street, Philadelphia.
To whom greater inducements than ever are offer
ed. Any person, either male or female, who is
desirous of engaging in an Honorable and prnfi..
table Employment, requiring but lit tie time and
no outlay of money, and by which they can ob
tain gratis A Valuable Library, A fine Gold
Wateh and Chain, A Handsome Service of Plate,
An Elegant Silk Dress Pattern, A Splendid Sett
of Jewelry, or many other choiee articles enu
me rated in the List of Gifts, can do so by acti
as an Agent for this establishment.
Any person, in any part of the country, can be
an agent, simply by forming n club, sending a list
of books, and and remitting the amount of money
required for the same.
Send/or a Catalogue, which contains all the de
sired information relative to agencies and the for
mation of clubs . and to insure prompt and honor
able dealings, address all orders to
THE HEAD QUARTERS
GEO. G. EVANS,
PROPRIETOR OF THE OLDEST AND
LARGEST GIFTBOOK ENTERPRISE
IN TIIE WORLD,
Permanently located at
No. 439 Chestnut Street,
Sept. 13, 1860.-36. 6m.
AN apperient and Stomachic preparation of
IRON purified of Oxygon and Carbon by con
bustion in Hydrogen. Sanctioned by the highest
Medical Authorities,.both in Europe and tho Uni
ted States, and perscribed in their practice.
The experience of thousands daily proves that
no preparatiwn of Iron can be compared with it.
Impurities of the blood, depression of vital ener
gy, pale and otherwise sickly complexion indi
cate its necessity in almost every conceivable
Innoxious in all maladies in which it has been
tried, it ha* proved absolutely curative in each of
the following complaints, viz :
In Debility, Nervous Affections, Emanciation,
Dyspepsia, Constipation, Diarrhoea, Dysente.y. In
cipient consumption, < crofulous Tuberculosis, Salt
Jtheum, If ism ens tr nation, Whites, Chlorosis, Liver
Complaints, Chronic Headaches, Rheumatism, In
termittent Fexers, Pimples on the Face, &c.
In cases of GENERAL DEBILITY, whether the re
sult of acuto disease, or of the continued diminu
tion of nervons and muscular energy from chronic
complaints, one trial of this'restorative has prov
ed successful to an extent which a description nor
written attestation would render credible. Inva
lids so long bed-ridden as to have become forgot
ten in their own neigh borht ods, have suddenly
re-appeared in the busy world as if just returned
from protracted travel in a distant land. Some
very signal instances of this kind are attested of
female Sufferers, emaciated victims of apparent
u arasmus, sanguineous exhaustion, critical chan
ges, and that complication of nervous and dys
peptic aversion to air and exercise for which the
physician has no name.
In NERVOUS AFFECTIONS of all kinds, and for
reasons familiar to medical men, the operation of
this preparation of iron must necessarily be salu
tary, for, ULlike the old oxides, it is vigorously
tonic, without being exciting and overheating ;
and gently, regularly aperient, even in the most
obstinate cases of costivehes3 without ever being
a gastric purgative, or inflicting a disagreeable
It is this latter property, among others which
makes it so remarkably effectual and permanent, a
remedy for Piles, upon which it also appears to
exert a distinct and specific action, by dispersing
the local tendency which forms them.
In DYSPEPSIA, innumerable as aro its causes, a
single box of these Chalybeate Pills has often suf
ficed for the most habitual cases, including the
In unchecked DIARRHCEA, even when advanced
to DYSENTERy, confirmed, emaciating, and appa
rently malignan'. the effects have been equally
decisive and astonishing.
In the local pains, loss of flesh and strength,de
bilitating cough, and remittent hectic, which gen
eral y indicate INCIPIENT CONSUMPTION, this reme
dy has allayed the alarm of friends and physi
cians, in several very gratifying and interesting
In SCROFULOUS TUBERCULOSIS, this medicated
iron has had far mofe than the good effect of the
most cautiously balanced preparations of iodine,
without any of their well known liabilities.
The attention of females cannot be too conli
dently invited to this remedy and restorative
the cases peculiarly affecting them.
In RHF.UMATISM, both chronic and inflamatory—
in the latter, however, more decidedly—it has
been invariably well reported, both as alleviating
pain and reducing the swellings and stiffness
ttie joints and muscles.
In INTERMITTENT FEVERS it must certainly be
great remedy and energetic res torative, and its
progress in the new settlements of the West, will
probably be one of high ronown and usefulness.
No remedy has ever been discovered in the
whole history of medicine, which exerts such
prompt, happy, and fully restorative effects. —
Good appetite, complete digestion,rapid acquisi
tion of strength, with an unusual disposition for
active and cheerful exercise, immediately follow
Put up in neat flat boxes containing 50 pills,
price 50 cents per box ; for sale by druggists and
dealers. Will be sent free to any address on re
ceipt cf the price. All letters, orders, etc., should
be addressed to
R. B. LOCKE & Co., General Agents,
Oct. 4, '6o. —ly.] 20 CEDAR ST., N. Y.
HAINES & DOCK.
WHOLE AL E GROCERS,
No. 35 North Water Street,
GROCERIES, GROCERIES, GROCERIES,
GROCERIES, GROCERIES, GROCERIES,
Merchants of Central Pennsylvania
LOOK TO YOUR INTERESTS ! !
If you wish to buy cheap go to Haines & D o ck,
They keep on hand the best artioles to be had
in the City, in their line of business.
Call and examine their goods.
Remember their Firm is at
No. 35 North Water Street,
Apr. 26, '6o.—ly.
.Beecher on Young America.
The Rev. Henry Ward Beecher gave a lec
ture last evening in the large Hall of the
Cooper Institute on Young America. The
hall was crowded. Mr. Beecher spoke first
of the natural connection between old age
and conservatism and between youth and
progress* In every free community there
was a party of youth ; there was a Young
France, a Young England, a Young Ameri
ca, and now, thaDk God, a Young Italy.—
[Cheers ] This youth had a union of safe
sense with personal independence, verging on
impudence, and of irreverent pertness of
speech with an intention of politeness—men
liked such contradictions. They liked to
imagine sailors as rugged as oak trees, hut
with hearts like little birds nests up in the
branches. The Young America was suppos
ed to be the best blood, born in the best coun
try, under the best government in the world,
and no government ever had a better citizen.
It took more to make the trimmings of a man
now than it took to make a man 500 years
sgo. The man could not be confined in his
grewth. In China they dwarf trees so as to
grow an oak in a flower-pot. And it was
very convenient to have a forest so that it
could be taken in doors out of the storm. It
was vorv convenient to have a Church-pot, or
a State-pot, in which to grow men, with a
circle beyond which they could not extend.
But the true man said : " God gave me my
girth, and I shall grow up to that!" We had
no homogeneous national character; the
country was too large. Only in small coun
tries was such a thing possible. We should
In a hundred years have a New England man,
struck out as sharp as a coin ; a Middle
States maD, a Gulf States man, and a Pacific
States maD. There were some few essentials
to national greatness Of them the first was
physical vigor. Our wasteful, sensual leg
islation must be given up. A man who had
a character to sustain could not get needful
exercise unless he were rich and could afford
bis earriago. There had descended to us an
idea that he was a fungus. [Laughters-
There are thousands of men who are willing
to work day after day front morning to night
but it was with reference to a time when they
could retire and do no work. Now no man
had any right to retire until the sexton shut
the door behind him and screwed it down.—
Not to work was disgraceful in a young man
or an old man, who had vigor enough left to
work with.. For this reason we were bound
to give shop room, work-room, school-room,
ani land-room, to every man. The great
elucatiDg ground of men was their sphere of
work, where they worked out their theory
into practice. Work of some kinds, agricul
tural work, was already respectable in Eng
land. Royalty took pride in breeding pigs,
and our piggeries were vocal with Prince Al
bert's breed. Sir Charles Fox was a builder
and a contractor, and Sir Joseph Paxton the
Duke of Devonshire's gardener. New times
for England. We in,tbis country ought to
have higher moral principles in our action
than any other nation. But it had not been
so. We had also a right to expect great in
dependence and liberty of thought. Noth
ing was so responsible as this. Freedom to
think without servile adherence to profes
sional formulas was for this country. Art
was no longer for artists alone. Learningwas
confined to uo learned class ; religion to no
consecrated tribe of men. The priest had a
right to judge ; so bad the layman. The
groat intelligent mass of the outer communi
ty were coining to be the supreme and final
judges. The artist, the scholar, the priest,
starved hfere if they served not the people.—
A thousand years ago tliers was a famous
dispute as to the keys of Peter. lie had one
b'ack and one gold, one for up there and one
for down there. The man who held them,
held the rudder of the world; they were the
real rulers, let who would be crowned. The
Catholics thought they had the keys ; the
Protestants thought they had them; but
there gradually grew up a sentiment of pow
er among the people, until all the people
found that they could go to God themselves ;
and whoever had the big key, each man and
woman and child had a little key with which
he could get into the Kingdom ofHeaven,—
And so the people said to the wrangling
priests .* " Jingle your old Keys as much as
you please; we have got some ourselves ;"
This was the great growth of the people,
which in these days was swallowing up all
classes. We might expect in youth, youth
fulness. Some gaideDers pruned off the side
brush from trees ; but although it made them
very fine, it weakened their stem ; they were
good for nothing when trained. There were
men trained to piety, excessive narrowness,
to carry the right eye with great propriety,
to carry the left eye so as to have DO ill influ
ence, to put his feet one before the other with
great propriety, never to swing his hands
except with great propriety—living to be
proper fools. This could not be held up as
an ideal except when it was an old head on
youßg shoulders ; a man that begins back
end foremost —it was piteous. We had a
right to demand that young men should not
be conservative. Woe te the land whose
young men were conservative. And he that
has ears to hear let him hear ; for never were
then Buch inducements to conservatism in
young men as in New York. We had young
men in our shops—sweet lilies of the vallsy,
delicate young men—who talked about being
0001, about being prudent, about being mod-
erate, about being safe, and never once about
being right. Now that was heathenism
whitewashed. [Cheers,] We had a right to
expect in the youth of America a love of lib
erty, and not for self alone, like the Irish pa
triots, so eloquent for Itish liberty, but every
one of whom had in this country thrust his
band to tho shoulder iD the guilt of Slavery,
but liberty for all. An American youth who
was not in favor of liberty was born here by
accident. lie was a lover of the Union, but
was ashamed of the sentiment he had seen
paraded, " Union for the sake of the Union."
He had been taught to love the Union f*>r the
sake of justice, for the sake liberty. Even
squirrels knew enough not to hoard nuts af
ter the meat was out. As to this excitement
in the country, it was but natural. When
cur Lord cast the devil out of the young
man, the devil could not go decently out of
the boy ; he had to throw him down and bite
him once more. And they never saw a devil
cast out of the Government or anywhere else
that he didn't bite. There was great excite
mant, true, but like the boiling pot, by its
very boiling over it would put out the fire.
[Cheers ] If they were dumb, he should
tear that they would blow up, but as thev
could talk they were safe- He had much less
to say against the Southern fanatic than
against the Northern Doughface. He did
abhor and despise according to Scripture, the
Northern doughface. He had Bible author
ity; for, " Epbriam is a cake DOt turned,"
half baked, consequently, dough onesideand
crust the other. [Laughter.] Mr. Boecher
concluded by an energetic denunciation of
the panictnakers, and an exhortation to fi
delity to manhood and conscience, which was
applauded to the echo.
Things I have Seen
I hava seen a farmer wade up to his knees
winter after winter, through manure, in
going to his stable, when for years his
garden has'.been unproductive for the want
of an article so much in his way in the yard.
I have saw a farmer pass fifty times by a
breach in his fence end never stop to aright
it, always putting it off till another day, until
the greater part of his crop was destroyed.
I have seen a farmer plowing around
bunehes of briars until his field was so taken
with them, that he was compelled to abandon
and give it up to the neighbors around him
SB a blackberry patch in common.
I have seen a farmer put up his stock fod
der in so careless a manner that the first
wind would blow down the stacks; in which
condition they would remain until the fodder
was so spoiled that the half starved cattle
would refuse to eat it, and he would wonder
why bis cattle were so much poorer than his
I havs seen a farmer who took great care
of his fodder, but in feeding it to his cattle
would let in the hogs, or not separate them
from the cattle, and before they could mas
ticate half their allowance, the remainder
was rooted about, and so filthy that they
must be more than half starved to eat it.—
He too, is one of the "wondering" elass.
I have seen a farmer feed a horse in a hol
low tree with both ends open, and a hole in
the middle. "Oh," eays he "the pigs will
get what falls out." Yet strange to tell be
never could account for the horses being al
ways so poor. I wonder.
I have seen a farmer who seldom went to
where his boys were plowing, abd when be
did, it was the same thing ; for they would
merely skim the earth, cut and cover —and
I have seen a farmer, (and he a good rough
carpenter,) who had not a door to his stables;
ho would stop the entrance with rails laid
crosswise, leaving a hole to creep in and out
when feeding. The labor lost during the
year in pulling down and putting up this
abominable substitute applied to the making
of doors, would have furnished him a life
time. He is always "wondering" how some
folks have time to do Buch things.
I have seen a farmer, after all bis labor
and expense in growing, cutting, stacking,
spreading, dew rotting, and taking up his
hemp, throw hundreds of pounds in the cor
ners of the fence ; to make room for another
ciop, again to be destroyed in part, like the
I have seen a farmer richer than his neigh
bors, and to their great detriment, lose as
much time in borrowing and returning the
various implements of husbandry, as would
pay lor them in two years, if time so spent
had been profitably employed.— Franklin
LINCOLN AN INVENTOR.—W were shown
at the U. S. Patent Office the model of a
steamer combining buoyant air chambers
with a steamboat or other vessel, for the pur
pose of enabling their draught of water to be
readily lessened, that they might pass over
bars or through shallow water without dis
charging their cargoes. This method of
lifting vessels over Bhoals was invented by
Abraham Lincoln, President elect, for which
ho received a patent May 22, 1849. Wash,
Iflgy An editor out West prints all his
marvelous accounts of murders, elopements,
and robberies, on India-rubber paper, so
that his readers will be able to stretch these
stories to any length that pleases them.
EDITORS & PROPRIETORS.
Some men are born rich. This is a fcfeat
blessing—an incalculable adyantage, Many
moralists will scowl at this, and many will
regard it as a statement which needs expla
nation, "Thers was Squire Lauren's boys
who had ten thousand pounds a piece ; they
never did a stroke of work ; and when they
came into possession, just made fools of
themselves, and spent all their money in a
tenth part of the time it took the old Squire
to earn it." Yes, but these boys were not
"Well, Jim Sumpter is worth nearly a
million, and always was. Ile'il not run
through it, you may depend 1 He is as tight
as possible. He wears bis clothes longer
than if he was a beggar. He is as mean at
his table, and stingy in his victuals as if his
mouth were a contribution box. Much good
money does him !" Yes. But, he is not
"Well. There is Fox and his
brother Tom. They will have the whole sa
tate when the old man dies. Pretty clever
boys. Don't drink, nor gamble, nor dissi
pate. Don't do anything. Don't know what
to do with themselves," Well, then, they
are not rich.
Any number of such instances may be
gathered. And if there were no other riob
ea except real estate, stocks and bonds, gold
and silver, it would be very bold, indeed,
for one to affirm that it is fortunate to be
But many a man is rich without money.—
Thousands of men with nothing in the pock*
et, and thousands without even a pocket, are
rich. A man born with a good, sound con
stitution, a geod stomach, a good heart, and
good limbs, and a pretty good head pieoe, is
rich. Good bones are belter than gold;
tough muscles than silver; and nerves that
flash fire and carry energy to every function,
are better than houses and lands.
It is better than a landed estate to have
had the right kind of father and mother.—
Good breeds and bad breeds exist among
men, as really as among herds and horses.
Education may do much to check evil ten
dencies. or to deyolope good ones ; but it is
a great thing to inherit the right proportion
of faculties to start with.
That man is rich who has a good disposi
tion—who is naturally kind, patient, cheer
ful, hopeful, and who has a Savor of wit and
fun in his composition. The hardest thing
to get along with in this life is often a man's
own self. A oross, selfish fellow—a despon
ding and complaining fellow—a timid, care
burdened man—these are all born deformed,
on the inside. Their feet may not limp, but
their thoughts do.
Bed Shirt and Boyalty.
Not often comes an inoident of so rouoh
interest to record, as the interview of Gar
ibaldi and Victor Emanuel, on the 25th ult.,
between Teano and Speranzano. The chief
'ain had taken his quarters at a small inn,
and ordered his column forward, sent Ccunt
Trecci on to meet the king, whom he met,
rapidly advanuing, preceded by Cialdini,
and at the head of 30,000 men. Count Tretci
galloped back breathless, and Garibrldi tak
ing horse with his staff, soon met the head of
the Piedmontese column. It opened t presen
ted arms, and Cialdini ran forward, Garibal
di leaping frcm bis berse and embracing bim.
The King advancing at the head of bis prop
er division, saw the red shirts, and distin
guishing their leader, put spurs to his horse,
all the officers, on either staff, crying "Long
live Victor Emanuel!" Then the soldier,
who had so gracefully placed an empire in
the monarch's hand, deolining for himself
everything except the gratitude of the mil
lions whom he saved ; baring his head, oould
only say : "King of Italy 1" —bis voice husky
with the swelling of bis heart. The King,
with like feeling, replied: "Thank you 1"
and grasped the hero's hand. Thus they
stood, looking at each other in the fellowship
of noble minds, and said not another word.
Still, hand in hand, they followed the troops,
and as their repective suites mingled in the
rear, began to talk on the great events which
the hour had crowned.
The ciroumstanos is full of individual
character and of the spirit of the age. Ilero
is a legitimate monarch taking charge of lib
erty from the band of a patriot. So great a
matter so simply ended does not elsewhere
grace the page of history. Great-hearted
and disinterested, the uncaieulating soldier
of Providence had made himself a name
among the noblest, delivering a nation from
bondage by the force of his single soul. Ow
ing nothing to the ordinary arte of diploma
cy, or the accepted tacties of the field, he had
conducted a campaign, tbe like of which was
never known. With sometimes flashes of
rash humor, without which he would not
have been Garibaldi, be had brought his prize
thus far, and now, the act virtualiy done be
fore, with such informal formality, he greets
the king, and makes bis assignment, think
ing still of nothing so little as of himself.
Garibaldi! history will take oare of the
name. Italy's obildren will hear it. Free
dom's heart will cherish it. Truth, faith,
and loyalty will set it ia their songs. Pa
triotism will engrave it on monuments: Re
ligion will engraft it upon sacred places ; it
shall be remembered in the peasant's prayer,
and where they hear le Deum under arches.
A great name, that meaness never tarnished,
dishonesty never touched, and to which fear
and selfishness were unknown.