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PhlliJflphlj, Wfdn-.d.j, l)"mhtr 11, 192:
THE UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL
THIj appearance in this oily tomorrow of
.e well-known, n mnn ns Sir Auckland
Ceddes, the lJrltish Ambassador, te make
the principal address nt the dedication of
the J. Wi'llam White Surgical Pavilion of
the rniversity Ile-idtnl will attract wide
attention te the occasion.
It also will serve te remind these .Vready
familiar with the f.icts that the I'niversity
Hospital la one of the greatest Institution"
of the kind in the world and renew thrtr
pride In It.
Philadelphia was for years the center of
medical education in the country, but the
efforts of ether cities te improve their facili
ties for the treatment of disease by endowing
medical schools and the hospital, without
ivhich such school cannot be oendui ted te
the best advantage, hae lifted them from
the low rank they once occupied. If ivp steed
still here the city would be surpassed by
2Cew Yerk or llosten or f'hic.tge In the
course of tltne.
But we are net standing -till. 'I l.e trus
tees of the University are alert te the needs
of the city. While they are net seeking te
rival any ether Institution as a center of
medical education, they are devoting them
selves te the task of keeping the I'niversity
breast of the times. They are doing this
net because the want te surpass anybody,
but because they want te make the greatest
contribution possible te the advance of medi
cal knowledge for the general Reed.
Sir Auckland was aware of the distin
guished history of the University Hospital
lind Medical Scheel when he accepted the
Invitation te make the dedicatory address,
and it doubtless gave him pleasure te have
an onperttinity te pay a tribute te then in
stitutions. WOMEN'S RIGHTS IN COURT
TIE decision of the Wisconsin Supreme
Court en the State law passed In 1021,
making women the equals of men before the
law, deserves the attention of ivcry one In
terested In the feminist movement.
The decision was handed down in a case
In which n man's wife had signed a note
with her husband, and It is te the effect
that the wife is liable fur p.:nunt of the
nole if the husband defaults In sher:. it
puts the wife ,,n the same I toting us iu
ether citizen who becomes joint surety with
a man for the paj merit of a debt. I'nder the
old law the wife was nor he'd separate!
liable in such u case, en the theory that a
man and his wife are one.
The wife fought the case en (he ground
that the Equal Itlght.s Law had net repealed
the e'd laws granting certain Immunities te
women. The Court held that while they had
net repealed the laws citing te the women
special protection in the interest of health,
morals nnd general welfare, it had repealed
the statutes guing tliein immunities w!uli
were net based prnnaril en their tei.
The fulfillment of a linati'inl 'blig.tMiei
la net n matter of -ex. hiw which pm, ,
a woman en an equality with a man natu
rally qualities u woman, whether she be
married or single, te incur financial obliga
tion, and if she may incur it she can be
compelled te meet it just as if -he were a
The Court could net very well eeape from
the logic of the situation. If the Wisconsin
iremen de net like it they tan ask the
Lefielature te change the law.
PARADISE AND GASOLINE '
fTxIIE presence In New Yerk of three na-
J. tive-bern Tahitians engaged in the '
effort te market a non-skidding device f,.r
automobiles suggests the shocking neu 0f an '
Immediate organization of a njciety for the '
suppression of realities. ' ,
Iconoclasm in diverse fields , ,,,. t- fiJ ,
products of thib age, but tbrs far the i
Iridescent Seuth Sea bubble in literature
and lu art hns been deemed snfe 0,11,1 '
agencies of destruction. Polynesia it js
true, never asked te be painted in terms of
its own sunsets, but the volunteer rhap rhap
edlsts, from Melville te Frederick (J'Hnen
paid little or no heed te that reticence
Gaugulu Ignored it in In limning pictorial
fantasies. Stevenson, though with no oh eh oh
tIeuh struggle, did his best te eempl.v in his
"In the Seuth Seas" with the kaleidoscopic
demands of Ins publishers. Maugham,
Hupert llroeke, Charles Xordheff nnd
harles Warren hteddiird succumbed n I
Tarjlng degrees te the "lotus Isle" com- !
plex. When they did paint shndewH an 1
nmbresia-fed public was disappointed,
clamoring for mere sunbursts, niether-uf.
'pearl, beach beauties and gloriously imprac
In defense of tlie three Tuhiti hustlers,
who incidentally ure disclosing an authentic
Stevenson manuscript left in the Island, ig.
Herance of the magnitude of their effensij
may be pleaded They seem te have find
no notion that Tahiti, proud of im e.ifl
motorcars circling its shores en the ad
mirably constructed Itroem read, has ben
ranked as the uirthlj paradise. Their
thoughts are of Detieii and patent royalties
If they hud censideied a moment perhaps
they might net have neglected te stain their
skins. Uut they nre white folk, these three
energetic Tahltliins, and se n detail in the
way of convincing verisimilitude was over
looked. Thcre is thia much, however, te be said
for the illusienists: Tahiti and Its em
bowered little capital, Papeete, Hre net
11 verse te the creaturu comforts of what
lias been held te be a discredited civilization,
nor disposed le reject impulses (! improve
modem nioteirnrs. Hut secletv in the
Island It net entirely devoid of the Poly Pely
nesian tinge. Lamented Levliiu, uncrowned
ipiecn of the Seuth Seas, found no lncon lncen
Uteney in unbinding her dusky locks,
rearing 11 chnplet of UevverR, donning en
appropriate occasions n "pareu," nnd an
(swerlns the telephone, turning en the elec
tric light or taking a spin In her own car.
If the truth be known, the mixture of
civilizations, primitive and sophisticated, but
adds te the pltiunncjr of I'apectc life.
Spain, It lias been nssertcd, Is essentially
unchanged by railways. They nre languorous
institutions, have bcconie Ilispntilzed nnd
Indelibly part of the picture.
There nre flavorful, intrinsic charms kft
In the Seuth Seas In spite of gasoline, nnd
notwithstanding the fact that Ferd jekea
are cracked under the coco palms.
DAYLIGHT ON THE PRISONS
HAD THE DESIRED EFFECT
Dr. Haldy, Haln Ordered Reforms
Here, Should New Press His Investi
gating Throughout the State
TT IS peer sportsmanship te trample en the
under deg. It Is poorer public policy.
That tee familiar practice Isn't decent under
nny circumstances nnd it Isn't necessary te
any rational end. Yet the objections raised
in these columns during the last ten days
te secret and persistent abuses of the ad
ministrative system at Ileltnesbtirg Prison
were net prompted by the apparent brutality
and stupidity of the prison management
alone or by the knowledge that organized
cruelty ulwayb was and always will be a
force for destruction.
The jnll system ns It has heen tolerated
in this city and in many places throughout
the State is net only cruel. It is unscien
tific. The question was whether u com
munity which professes te be enlightened
should continue te maintain at great ejt
penie institutions directed te bring about
the complete deformation of the humnn
spirit nnd te Intlict the utmost of physical
nnd ment.tl degradation upon men and
women guilty of lesser offenses; whether
sturatien sheu'd be lowed m a tolerable
method of punishment or discipline In a
modern jail, and whether a prison should be
a place from which, ,it intervals, men nre
thrust out physical! broken, unfit for labor,
desperate, hopeless, penniless after long
periods of confinement, bewi'dcred with
hatred and distrust of society and with
the Implied injunction te starve or steal.
There seemed te uh te be something wrong
in ft system that manufactured hardened and
hopeless criminals by the factory method
and at the epense of a public that wonders
why crime i se general while it is furred
te meet the Increasing costs of ;i steadily
expanding police fnrce.
New it is a matter of the greatest grati
fication te this newspaper that it has has
tenedif it hasn't forced definite and
sweeping corrective action by the state De
partment of Public Wc'fare. Dr. lialdy's
brusque order te the Heards of Prison In
spectors is based uren a formal admission
of the truth and justice of charge:, made In
thee columns against the management "f
the lle'mesbtirg ail and the Heard of Prison
Tnsnecters. Moreover, since 't will be elec
tive ever the entire State, it will compel
reforms tn a system of ja.l management and
organization that has tended during many
tear of official complacency te become mere
and mere degraded, destructive and debased.
Dr. lteees, spokesman for the inspectors
of Holmesburg Prison, said flatly a day or
two age that no changes would be made at
the county prisons here. Dr. Iia'dy needs
neither the consent nor the co-operation of
Dr. Ktetis. The Slate Department of Wei-far-
has absolute authority in the matter.
It un order blich reforms nnd improvements
us it dcen s necessary. It might b" proper
te w- why it hesitated until in,w le attempt
tl.e correction of pek'eis and Ignorant
thuses in the prison sjstem. That is aside.
If the department newr did anything eKe it
would have justified its existence b yester
The whole fcheme of prison management
in this State is co'ered by beliefs Inherited
from the Middle Ages. The impression per
sists in the minds of jailers and keepers
that once a man Is in a cell h- has lest all
right te be viewed a a tnlnlitng and feeling
human being. We haxe net ct adjusted
... .,!,...!. ..f t, -is.. n administration te the
klmBledsn tjlt the inmates et jails are as
various m dispositions and t.-n'.eneeS a
the people of the outer world.
As matters are new, first offenders, tin tin
fertunites, women and even miners ever
hlxt-en. who drift into miner troubles, are
subjected in jails te the same lndiscrtmlnat
ing process of standardization and subjected
te a killing rrcmure of routine harsh enough
for desperate outlaws or the violently Insane.
At Holmesburg and nt ether prisons they
have been starved for miner infractions of
the rules nnd denied the right te fresh air or
exercise and compelled te endure ether ser's
of punishment which rnakf for swift phjs .
eal deterioration. Tuberculosis Is one nf tl.e
familiar prison dle.isis The h'pli.iU and
Infirmaries take many di barged pr.-.iiers
who were well enough wle-i tl.ej w.re r.-m.
mltt'd. Seme count .tall- in this St&te are
vermin-ridden. In ethers the jailer a
lowed te pocket ill that he can sac fren
lump appropriates preride,l f.r the feed
ing of bis charge
It seems new rh.it dungeons and the star
vation system mat disappear Dr. Bftldy,
having seen te that, t could press n further
Investigation tn ether counties. And he
should endeavor te chung- the barbarous
rules under which C7n e prisoner who is
permitted te labor during his c.,tiflnment it
turned out penniless against (octet; te sliirt
... ... ... - ,-.....! t ....
ns bef" lie (.'111 in ue i.iii i it ii'ji,, mm mi
familiar world, te forget whatev'-r geed rese-
lutiens he may have it
ode and, under the
pressure of hunger, te fight or rob in n
remmuuit) which, as he is likely te see It
after .j term in jail, did its very worst te
SIGNS OF STEADIER NERVES
BKIEF as the council of allied Premiers
was nnd disquieting as is the adjourn
ment of n session a'irest en the eels of its
convocation, crumbs of comfort for a world
wear of fruitless mnfirences are te he
found in two results of the curtailed meet
ing Se far ns can be learned, the delegates
appear te have controlled rather successfully
their tempers. Notwithstanding the Hrltlsh
refusal te sanction n French move into the
Huhr, there are evidences that lienar Law
sought te be concl'l.itery in manner. Mr.
Lloyd Geerge's Jovian tactics seem te have
been rejected in favor of n courteous ad
mission of the French rlfht of independent
The much-ridiculed policy of "tranquil
lity" may preve te have its advantages after
all. since Its cinplejmcnt promptly prevents
Ituymend Polneare from capitalizing the
political attitude of defiance.
French opinion has in the main supported
his threats of wrecking the concord of the
Western Powers In the effort te obtain terri
torial guarantees te serve as a .basis et .a
reparations program. The Instinct of bis.
ceuntymen for drama was temporarily stim
ulated by wtcli displays In the days when
Lloyd Ocoige van his thief foreign an
tagonist. Hut the TJrltlsIi Government new in effcOt
declares that if It cannot be a partner It
H1 nt least remain n friend. It Is net
always easy, it Is certainly net convincing,
te assume belligerent nttltudes In th face
of conciliation nnd geed will.
During the adjournment period the French
will be enabled te consider seriously the con
sequences of Invading the Iluhr, but the
(Jevernment cannot count en bitter words
from lteiuir I.nw ns a goad. There Is a
rhanre that desperate ventures may lese
their attraction new thnt the authority of
France te de what she pleases hns been
Geed feeling Is also said te have been
established by agreement upon the intimate
relation of reparations nnd the lnter-nllicd
European debts. Whether or net the Fnltcd
States can be drawn into future discussion,
nnd in spite of the fact that the chances nre
still strongly against our participation, a
gain In common sense nnd In a grasp of in
ternational polity is te be registered. Debts
and the German indemnities are indeed
"cognate questions'," nnd the European
Premiers cannot escape from fog until their
financial program comprehends the connec
tion between two monumental Mibjects.
It is true in a sense that the disrupted
Londen meeting, with its ominous echoes of
that era of feeble conferences which marked
the uftcrmath of the Napoleonic wins, sug
gests a run te cover nt the first g'.lmpe of
realities, lint the poise of the envejs and
the absence of an utmesphcrc of panic must
net be discounted. There is still an oppor
tunity te build upon this progress, slight
though It be, and for eleventh-hour rellcc rellcc
tiens before the sessions are resumed In
preparation fur the crisis dav of January
15, when the next German pajment l due
OIL AND WATER WON'T MIX
ASECUXD attempt U making te bring
about u political coalition between farm
nnd labor organizations. The first was In
Chicnge last year and the ether was at the
conference in Cle eland which has jtm
These efforts have their origin in the
knowledge that if the fnrraers anil the mem
bers of the labor unions could be consolidated
in n sqHd political force they could tleet
legislators wlie would pass nny luws which
Hut it is unlikely that there can be nny
effective union brought about between these
two large group of (itizens. There are
two reasons for it. One is that the farmers
are American Itizens before they are
farmers. Thev are interested in a score of
things which would net be included in the
program of n part organized for securing
class legislation. The ether is that the spe
cial interests of the farmers and of the labor
In arranging the votes of the lnber dele
gates at the Cleveland conference thrrty
nine were allowed te the railroad workers,
twenty-six te the clothing workers, twenty
te the machinists nnd ten te the electrical
workers and smaller numbers te ether
The railroad workers demand high wages,
and !ii:,'h wages cannot be paid unWs freight
rates are high. New. high freight rates nre
the very thing against which the farmers
are protesting-. They snv that when they
send their products te market there Is
nothing left for them after the freight bill
is paid. Indeed, they bae been telling the
story of a Western sheep grower who sent
beveral carloads of sheep te Chicago
and after lhe. were sold get a bill for n
balance clue en the freight charges in excess
of what the she, p sold for.
The labor people may s.iv thai this condi
tion would be remedied if tlie Government
would take ever the railroads and carry farm
proe ints. nt n Je.v Tate, while ir-paid high
wngis te the men who operated the train'.
This would produce a deficit which would
have te he met out of general taxation,
levitd. according te theory of the extreme
lnber men. en the ver.v rich who have no
rights thnt the Government is bound te
respect. Hut there are both labor men nnd
farmers who think elearlv enough te knew
that thi.s remedv would be worse than the
diseae It is intended te cure.
! The clothing workers likewise want high
'; wages and cheap feed and the farmers want
i te liuj clothing at low prices and te sell
th"r product at lug.. pnc" It is difli
cult I., s.e Iim, thee p..,, grnupM cm work
tog, sher in im part, organized ' further
tin speeial interests of cm li.
Ii may eh. nee taaf tic,!, e.m he tempo
rarily held together bj the b.inn- of n com
mon resentmint against existing conditions,
but the moment they seek a remedy which
will sntl-fy one group thev will disceter thnt
It is a remedy that is hateful te the ether.
Out of the discussion, however, there may
emerge u realization that a class party will
I de mere harm than geed.
ISPI.ACF.MENT of the Ship-Subsidy
ill by t'arm-i tedi measures en the
senatorial program n troves all immediate
prospect of consult ri' g n relief program for
1 the American mci.-h.ini 1 larlne sincerelj
! upon Its merits or die. t-
i Politically, the u.ane i-.. nii obvious
1 triumph f"r the nril rpositlen, upon
which the label 'pi' v ii. ),',, bcn se
Inappropriately fa-ten,.,; fve ne-v Sena
tors l'renkhart. ,.f .nii -ind Couzens, nf
Michigan whose pcts.hle cr-iri-e I as been
encn te some question nppenr te have been
hignal factors in thr upset. Prem the former
support of a mens, ire te revitalize American
sea-borne commerce sai trarcely expected,
hut Mr. Coitiens' r.uinrt '" ins'irgencv comes
ns something of s firiirlse.
I There I". of course, nothing new in slde
! tracking a bill into ob'lv'en. Fenoterlil
j tactics of this kind a- as traditional ai the.v
1 are frequently effective )r.t the case ,,'f
' ship subsidies differs fr-rn fire r,f Its anee.
ters in imikt" se in m,u . nns nrt tieen
subjected fe I's iiu e.mrr of favorable or
e shirked its responsibilities,
bill with amendments and revN
slens nnd turned It ever te the Senate. It
wns expected thnt the current week would
hring forth opposition arguments In nbun
dance. Hut opportunity te attack it analt
ically nnd piecemeal litis been rejected in
favor of a policy of studied neglect.
Indications that real objections te the bill
nr net siimelenfir impressive for exploita
tion nre thus confirmed The ship-subsidy
nregrnin is, perhaps, leg.s'ntlve Dr. 1 VII.
The Senate nourishes an animosity toward it !
without offering reasons, j.xplanatiena in
politics arc tiresome when the machinery
for Interment Hes conveniently nt hand.
.6" crrer et Judgment en
Inevitable the pan of an expert
Errer aviator appears te have
been the canee of the
Laugley Field crash which cost the lives
of six. Ne man. however expert however
careful, is wholly exempt from e.-rer, but,
happily, there are few businesses ike avla-
tlen where error inevitably means death
.. ., . 1 T. !','".' thllt """ "-Ufh
Hull Luck shall be give,,. Charles
M. Schwab. seei ma(r.
nate. Invested ten cents in a raffle in Orante.
N. J., and wen a $10,000 bull. It was
a 115,000-te-l shot as there were that many
tickets. Success comes te him ivhe bntlt
ability, perseverance and uck.
PHILADELPHIA -WEDNESDAY; DECEMBER
AS ONE WOMAN SEES IT
Seme Thoughts en Hew te Conduct
A Committee; Meeting, With Side-
lights en Leaders nnd Hew They
Get Thnt Way
Iy SAKAH I). LOWItIK
IWAS present nt n committee meeting
called for the purpose of debntlng n
program of activity of u wide sort In which
two organizations were very prnetlcnlty In
terested. The question wns. Could they
co-operate or would it be best te work
The points of difference seemed very
marked j even the object te be ntinlned
seemed nt times net altogether the sume as
the nttgl6 from which one nnd another Hdc
viewed the whole preposition gave a slant
In one direction nnd then in nnethcr. At
the end of an hour, although each one pres
ent hnd endeavored te expresi herself, the
feeling was pretty general that we were
getting nowhere 1
QO.METIMES it is net se great u waste
sJ of time ns It seems te have chaos or ap
parent chaos in n welter of expressed ideas.
There nre some games where it is nllewnble
te place nil your curds en the (able ut ence
and sort them nfterwaid.
The sorting in this case brgan after the
first hour of dealing out and nil the opinions
hnd been made the most of. nnd the sertins
procesji wna started bv the woman who,
except the chairman, 'had snld the least
during the cellrwj of the arguments. She
wns u person who' hns mere and mere gained
n position of State-wide responsibility be
cause of her quiet poise of manner and ac
curate and Just power of Mating facts.
She gave n piece of advice, based en n
recent experience thnt she had had of com
mittee adjustment of differences, which im
mediately appealed te these present nnd en
abled the chairman te divert the stream of
criss-cress opinions into n ch.mnel that
began somewhere -nd led semcwheri and
gave premise of ending somewhere; in short,
she suggested a plan by which these who
differed could find wheru they also agreed.
She said that in n recent very momentous
discussion en nnethcr committee there had
been two voluminous reports, n majority
and n minority report of recommendation?.
These were tub.iected te n simplylng unices
of elimination by a series of compromises
wherever it xvas possible .e make two poi i
of view unite or fuse into n third common
point of view. She said it was remarkable
hew two points of view apparently different
could unite In n third point of view that had
the salient characteristics uf both and
scrapped the non-essentials which no one
really cared te "bleed nnd die for." Of
cuurse, at, she admitted, after nil the paring
down and prunlnj; and accepting; ami elimi
nating had been accomplished there was a
jiemt where the difference of opinion was
irrccem liable, se that the committee had te
present a minority and majority report, but
the uiinerit report was reduced in n mini
mum. In short, they agreed about most of
the matters that had bren dincusscil, and
their recommendations, therefore, had just
that much mere weight for the community
Fer fend as each of m Is about having
her or his own way, wc nre upt te judge a
committee -very harshly if It cahnet agree
upon a general policy.
A GOOD stand-up fight en a clean-cut
issue does net discredit the lighters, hut
bickering as te the way the light Is te be
carried en bores the public and dulls en
thusiasm. And the type of mind that will
leek for points of agreement, instead of ac
centing points of disagreement, is n rock el
defense nnd n firm foundation and ii otep etep
ping stone te peace and nny ether geed,
metapherle been te amicable settlement that
one may cheese te apply it te.
I AM thinking of till'
larly because in se
Is just new pnrtieu-
many wns that we
weicmi have te be active under the changing
londillens of church, government and peliti
cal government ami sociological environ
ment we can make an nvxful iupsh of things
bv accenting our differenies ain bickering
ever what should be non -essentials", in grasp
ing the red tape and losing huld of the op
portunity I think this is particularly a snare, te
women, because we are loyal creatures and
sometimes mistake partisanship for loyalty
nnd because we are still accustom d te leek
at things personally and le illustrate our
reasons for our sentiments and even for our
convictions by a perunnl application. We
insist en trying en the shoe ourselves or
having it tried en the person next us te
prove that it pinches and K unbecoming.
I 011 Mill sec the offended majesty of t.iy
grandmother when a genileniun of her ac
quaintance tapped her kme with his fore
linger a order thnt he might emphasi'e h'.s
adinirinu agreement of the Justice of tome
remark that she had niadi
' sir." said she. "please (e net illustrate
upon my person !"
WE ILLUSTRATE tee much upon our
own nnd the ether committee women's
person by the mental pictures that we insist
upon calling up. We provoke these wit'
"'whom we differ by our perfectly tin
ne.estary und often bv our perfectly uncon
scious xxnys of voicing our statements.
Jlefere wc even start te make our majority
or minority reports or meet a second time
te reumrle the uiuerences et tne two, 11
1 would he well if most f us could eliminat
t,.tne nf the tones nf our voice ami niller
tin ns nnd impntient Inleriei tieni and hnlf
h.'iheil suggestions. Almest iihva.vs it is
th. quiet woman who has mt said mm h
that savs tlie thing which in the end counts
most. "That Is where the 111 1 of being 11
geed chairman really li' She ma.v fail
if -he is only n disclpiiirirlnii or a cracker
nick ns a parliamentarian. She has get
te feel the right moment for n cognizing the
right suggestion and clinch the suggestion
before it sinks back int the chaos of argu
ment and counter-argument.
I THINK another admirable trait in a
committee woman Is a habitually pleas
ant expression of face. The placid, be
nicn faces of some fat, middle-aged women,
where intelligence is inemienbl.v mind up
with geed living and agreeable tircum
stnnces, nre renlly se many resting places
for the eye during n heated discusrlen.
They ulwnys seem te w te take the place
.1,.,, Mirientains or bread plnins or immense
I KheetH of xvnter de in 11 landscape; they
' stand for the things that will Ian when our
span of feverish activity is a thing of the
There Is another type of face, however,
that belongs te the born leader ; It generally
gees, tee, with n certain tvpe of body.
It is mobile, but Inscrutable. It throws
off veur inquiring glnncc, friendly or angry,
without n qualm. 1011 de net feel t.a much
that n deer m i-uii nuu u ,our ince aa
I that 110 0110 is at home te callers. There Is
' nothing flint-like or hard, generally. It is
I n face with charm and 11 bed.v with grace,
but it nees nei iwniui-t " unuauen ter
the bvstander by any gesture of soliloquy
nnd it Is nbeve all compewd and innocent
of nny nervous reactions.
I HAVE often amused in self when I
was tired of arguments by watching
neenle'fl feet for signs of agitation or the
hnds of speakers when they held them
"" 1 1 OiaIm n-nL-'t itnitti.r-
ties of n leader new long deposed was the
Ulicnnscieun '"i','"'', ; V '.'' "euer a
nble Nowhere else did nhe at the moment
eive livvny her gus of bad temper, which she
" "", .,.,. i, ,-...,.
bided her tune iu e. mui,- unnsereun
T learned, however, te ieeei?nI-z
"" . i --.1 rn.,...i .. . 5
her danger sign"", ';""'iicii was tore
Generally speaking, of course, nervous
signs of feeling are peculiar y out of place
In a leader whose first requisite should be,
I take it, aelf-contrel
clasped nenmu i"- "..... s,n, ming timt
thev tire unconscious of can be seen and nre
" .. te the state of their evvner'a
. mv first clue te the riemiiinrt.
1 ': "MOyEJ OVER!" ' . - , I
iffiHii imiM -i
mHBKmt mmumm iPiMM i
Kv KEBmmSt&h iwM'j'iw niiaiulj JBHti ft siseMtft1! V 4 &E2ex K-BMHaiiiH istHH
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MSMKpitOjfSASsmStMtKL iiis99iisiisiisiisiisB8i..lllliEliaiii SSjn
1 w. -.. -. .-ssv, tzTxr -
NOW MY IDEA IS THIS!
Daily Talks With Thinking Philadclphians en Subjects They
no r'fIcc, t aim Arp
On Pnstcur, the Founder of Modern
Medicine and Surgery
LOUIS PASTEUIl. the centenary of
whose birth will be observed all ever
the world en the U7th of the pres
ent month, wns the foundation upon
which rests the whole structure of modern
medicine nnd Mirgery. according te Dr.
Ernest Laplace, whe'.studied under the great
French biological chemist nnd pathologist.
"On the 7lh of December, 1822." naid
Dr. Laplace, "I.enls Pasteur was horn in
Northeastern France In the village of Dele.
He wns the son of a tanner, xvhe served
with distinction in the Napoleonic wars.
Leuis showed 110 signs of especial distinc
tion, except an unusual filial nttnehment
and a reverence for the things elevating te
Ihei mind nnd soul. As a schoolboy he
showed no unusual nptitude, while in chem
istry nnd the studies In which he wns later
destined te become immortal he ranked below
Interested In Crystallography
"At the University of Strnssbeiirg he
became attracted te the stud of crystallog
raphy, or the formation of crystals during
chemical reaction. It was during the study
nf crystals of pertnrtrate of niagnesin, a
sol in ion of which he had subjected te fer
mentation, thnt he noticed myriads of xvng
elms germs under the microscope, while the
irystals nlteied their shapes and bubbles
el gas appeared.
"The movements of these germs sug
gested te him that they were nlive, and he
wondered what would happen if he destroyed
thia life by heat. Taking then a drop of
the same mixture which he had previously
heated, be examined the liquid under the
microscope nnd found that the germs had
been killed, but also noticed that the altera
tion in the shape of tlie crystals had censed.
Frem this he concluded that the life anil
row th of the germs was the necessary cause
of the formation nnd alteration of the crys
tals. "This wiih the first time that It had ever
ecciiried le the mind of mnn that there exists
bout ii-. in the air and In the ground, .1
world of infinitely wnall beings xvhese
dcve'iepmi nt might be connected with tne
1 ft airs f man. This was Ihe Celumbiix
eu-g of Pasteur's whole, scientific life nnd
the teed of that vast tree of knowledge whicn
ns te result in n revolution of the science
nnd art of medicine and surgery, se that nil
we have ihme and nre new doing nre but
the branches of that grent tree of which
Pasteur Is the trunk nnd root.
Fermentation the Secret
"This experiment bore te him a strange
analogy with the phenomenon usually
observed in the formation of beer. Tne
brewer puts a handful of .veast Inte the
vveit nnd In a few hours there is ft plentiful
production of vi aft, while the wert changes
in character from a cvveet solution Inte n
new Mibiitnnce. beer or alcohol, n toxlne or
poison lrem which, should ene partake tee
freely, intoxication is the result.
"Likewise in the manufacture of wine, a
delicate ferment or germ exists en the sur
face of the grape, which, en being mixed
xvith the grape juice In the wine-press, starts
fermentation, changing the grape juice or
nweet solution into n new suhstnncc, new
known as claret or wine. Until then no
one bad the slightest knowledge of hew or
why gra.e juice fermented, although Neah
experimented with it and experienced the
"Liehig. the greatest chemist of( his day,
In tllsrustng this with Pasteur, denied that
jeast acted in any ether than n chemical
way and that the principle of life nnd
growth was net nt all involved. Te prove
the contrary, Pasteur took yeast and
pounded and triturated it in a mortar,
thereby destroying the lift of the yeast
Pastenr's Contention Proved
"Placing the pulverized yeast In wert, It
failed te produce beer or te grew, demon demen
titrating that, while the chemistry of the
cnst was net altered, beer could net be
produced except through the living growth
of the jenst. 'Hut,' said Lleblg, 'hew about
wine? We put no yeast lu the grape Juice
nnd, therefore, life Is net concerned in the
formation of wine.'
"Nothing daunted, Pasteur washed the
grapes in warm water until the delicate
film en the surface, the natural ferment et
the grape, had been removed and the grape
Juice, being protected from air, remained
grape juice and net wine, showing that the
.. . . ' " i - -''fl
ferment of wine was carried en the grape
"These experiments attracted the atten
tion of the French Government, which sought
Pasteur s nld In cembnilng a violent epi
demic among the silkworms of Southern
France, se serious that the silk industry
was menaced. The worms were dying of n
vague disease, nnd en examining the entrails
t astetir found them abounding in germs. On
examining the mulberry leaves upon which
(he worms fed. he found the same germs,
thus establishing the relation of cause and
effect between the feed und the disease.
Combating tlie Kpidcmlc
"Knewing it te he impossible te combat
the epidemic in n direct way, Pasteur sug
gested thai all the worms in that locality
be destroyed and that winter would take
care et the infected mulberry leaves. This
vvn done, new worms were imported from
Uunn and, the new feed being pure, tlie
disease was eliminated and has never reap
"This wns the first suggestion of the
Cre? ,in , ''unrntlne, IK-irds of Health
and all that characterizes modern preventive
"Pasteur noticed llkewi-e an nnnle-v
between frrmentntive processes iiil the
odew arising from cesspools, characterized
b,hquf faction and the .issl,itj r,f dead
animal matter. On examining a drop of
!n'.'lm'f,t.ir. from n 'Hel. he found it 1.
mass of living germs. On boiling ,jt 0f
this matter he found that there HH ,,,,
further decomposition nnd no offensive odor
nnd he concluded that the development of
..... ... ,-,, Hlllmai mnucr was anahigeus
and trhT.h"0n f dead VrB,,"lM" ttfr
and that the process would be checked If
the germs of putrefaction be eliminated.
Anether Great Experiment
"In order te support that theory and nt
the same time destroy the then generally
accepted theory of spontn.ieeus generation
nnd prove that all life must come em some
pre-cx,btent life, he made this ..xp,!riment :
"He tnek.tlL'hty llasks in which he placed
ordinary b..,,, or jenl soup. These' "-ere
henfc, beyond Ihe beB ,llt ,, ,r
were then hermetically sealed. Thus, bv bell
"g. he destroyed ,1,.. germs and bv se.,1 w
.revet,,! , , ,css of KPrm.lm
h" iwlwid thnt the bnullhm would remain
pure indelin itely. Under the oWrntle J
Jehn Tyndall. these flasks we,e ,u
mountain top, where the tips of Vei .?
were broken, allowing the ac. e,, ,T ?
Mldwny down the mountain twentv mere
i,Bp"(Jfcrf1bre,k'n ani twenty mere were
opened en level ground near a stable.
"In each inntnnce the access of nir caused
decomposition, slowly at the te. ,7 ft.
sr ,B,;np..u "na1;? wiri0 tl:'
Hn One of the Flasks
"The lemaluing twenty wete 1,".,, ,...
he tips Mealed, te prove the cen.cn leu
was. made In ip.iityyearV'aW
hnv,ng been closely associated wit, Pasteur
for rnore than n )esr nnd abenl .! 1 r
the laboratory, I begged him te A lP8T0
one of the flasks. He grante th- h"
nnd I have It today and consider ,ihtVwUMt
valuable medical se"wi ? in u. ''r 'V.08,'
States. 1, is s fresh" today . w "'
was made sixty years age. lcn u
"All modern medicine and surce,v 1. .1
outgrowth of this final TxVr'n ,sifc
first direct nppllcat bn of it wis 1,, 1 .
Lister, a young sclentis in ilm-Bew ,el,h
noticed n similnrlt between fetdY.' "Ii0
und the pieccss f putre neUen t L "?","",
by 1'm.teur. He l.nmed a" e ly ('r?'"'!".,i:d
gcrnvi In .1 weilnd nnd their Vaul'1 1th0
with a weak notutien of carbeii t,ler?
screened Ute wound by the fift gjg
"This was the birth of the d.ui. .,
system which has regenerated su?,WpH5
brought it te ita hlsbM ; "SeceMrKrTin,n'1
acknowledged his debt te !,,.."- .Lister
wrote In 1874: 'Allew me te nddreTJ'
my most cordial thanks for havC bv "Jm
most brilliant reiearches de im, mJ ?,v
most brilliant researches deinetiktrnt,i ,l
truth of the theory of the Tern ,,?' .th
faction and having thus glvn, me0h'",lr?
principle which could bring 0 s,, '. ,"
ntiBeDtc system'" b "iKteit t
.. J,r' '"
enly antlucptlc sybtem
Dr. Laplare will give nn Inter. u.
"Faateur the M."lmaed Up5itt,,niJn
mate aaaoclatien with the n?a? bu.LBl1;
rJiemlst.. It will "PPear n ? -? 0i'caI
of Ihe Kvacsxa Prnuc Kpr i-,M'8
Europe's one prayer appears 10 bt
"Forgive us our debts."
Existence te the European Entente li
just one strain nftcr another.
Communists don't appear te bj any
mere popular in Cleveland than elsewhere.
The conference of Governors will be in
its way n icturn of the prohibition question;
te the States.
Great things are expected when farmers
and labor unions get together. (The accent
gees en "when.")
Pomeroy, 0., man has insured 0 fiddli
for $10,000. It will hjve te cash lu te.
reach its highest notes. '
That Ship .Subsidy is still in harbor
deei net satisfy the filibusters. 'They want
her tied up at -the deck.
One cannot expect nny great manifests
tien of grief from the boys nnd girls If abort
ngc of ceul closes the schools. ;
Reparation conferences prove peepls
object te using wnr's. ruthlcssness in neacs
times. Then why held reparation con
.Senater-elect Cepcland, of New Tork
says people ought te eat fish every day.
Still, thia m'ght be a llttle bard en this
Cape May expressman wounded n deer
with his motertruck the ether day. It get
into his path te quickly he wns unable te
pass the buck, ns it were. ,
.Secretary Mellen favors n plan te nitki
it easier for sick people te get whisky. Tbli
will seethe these cool-shortage victims who
put their faith In Quinine tc Ce.
Just hew much Clemencean has accem-'
pli&hed in the United States historians may
tell; but assuredly Americans have added
llttle affection te the respect they had for
The increased activity of nhn-runner
seems te imply that Jehn Parley-corn ij
unxieus te give SHntn Clnus n warm vvel'
(nine. Adding n bootleg te the Chrlstmii
stocking, ns It were.
Quick te sense commercial disaster
wherever it may show Its nose, the Chronic
Pessimist notes thnt light beer and wind
might easily deal a serious blew te Quebec
bootlegger border towns.
The Uusslan Soviet Government is laM
te be trying te recruit ROO steel workers In
the Youngstown, O., district. Evidently
take it for granted that the men knew
nothing of Hill Haywood's experience.
What De Yeu Knew?
1 What is the first name of General I,u4a I,u4a
derff.' 2. Wlwt Is meant by the Boanerges?
?" w.'n. w.as the AKe nt Pericles?
t. Why Is bombazine se called?
B. What Is the principal language spoken
C. Who was the liberator of the southern
- ...J)art of Seuth America?
7. Who was Vice President In the first
8. When was the Battle of Eutaw Spring
,..wfeUBh,t nnd between whom?
.5- .V.!11 k,nU et a animal la a tnteuay?
10. When did the long-agitated Dreyfus casa
In France begin?
Answers te Yesterday's Quiz
1. The nw Governer of Northern Ireland
In the Duke of Abercorn.
3. Th; word font applied 10 type com.
from the Latin "fumle," pour .
e. A ewo l n, female sheep. A ewer I
a vvlde-meuthed pitcher, sometimes
with a lid.
4. Kroemen are membera of a Negro raee
en the coast of Liberia. They af
especially skillful as ueamen.
B. Frlmates la an order of animals that ln
eludes men and monkeys.
6. Erlnnft. a Greek poetess, who probably
lived in the AlexitnArian period, w.
celebrated for hr IvHm ,m oem
parable With these of K-innlm. Ttl
most famous of her poems, which "i I
t,l?y.: ,IV)' ln fragments, was "Th
Ulttaff. hhft died at tlu nge of nln
',. Manlteu, In American Indian foils ler.
'. Pltlt or spiritual being; also
ftlsh : an nmnle
S. The original meaning of the IlebHe'
WArri tMan l j.ti.1.1
. "w' -""ll la UrtlKIllt a
J. Domenlee Uhlrlandaje was n celehrated;
"'."r .painter or the iienaissso" iienaissse" iienaissso"
peried. Ha wu the teacher of Michel'
analn. IIIm Ha .. i.ia hoi
10, Ismet Pasha is the chief Turkish
sate at the Lauwtnne Conference.