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GREEKS TO REMAIN
United States Pretest' brings
Turks inLine en 'Speci
fied Conditions .,
RUSSIA IN DEFIANT MOOD
Lausanne, Dec. 12. The Dretest of
the United States egalnst tlie Turkish
jCntlennllnts' announced plnn of de
porting the Oreelt colony from Con
stantinople has borne fruit.
The Turkish delegates en the sub
commission of the Nenr East confer cenfer
mic devoted te 'the cxchnnjre of ml-
!.. nAfiiilnflnna nnnnnnenrl tnr1nv
IUIUIJ l'"l'" - -
(hat Turkey wns rendy In principle,
and under specified conditions te nllew
the Greeks te remain.
Marquis Curwm, British Foreign Sec
retory, made an appeal before the Ter
ritorial and Military Cqmmlsslen of the
Near East Conference this afternoon
for the establishment of nn Armenian
national home In Asia Miner and the
mutual protection of the Chrltinn nnd
Moslem populations in Turkey nnd
Richard Washburn Child, hfad of
0,e American dolecatlen. was nrennred
te add his remarks te these of Lord
furzen en behalf of the minority popu
lations. The debate between Turkey nnd Orecee
ever the question of which nation Is re re re
iponsllile for the tragedy of Smyrna con
tinues te form a dominant Issue at the
Near East Conference. Tsmct Pnslin says
he is quite willing that the treaty which
the delegates hope te frame shall provide
for a system of payment? te the nllled
nations for the damages their nationals
ruffered in Turkey during the great war,
but that, en the ether hand, he will in
lst upon reimbursement by Greece for
the looses sustained by tlm Turks in
Asia Miner nt the hands, of the retreat
ing Greek Army.
Fermer Premier ycnlzcles Insists that
the Greeks burned only through mili
tary necessity. He declared thnt the
real crime of the Asia Miner campaign
was the action of the Turklsll troops
In outraging nnd sheeting Greek resi
dents, cklng homes nnd deporting
hundrcjs of thousands of destitute
If Turkey exacts reparations from
Greece, 31. Vcnlzeles says be will pre
sent a bill for the horrors and Injustice
suffered by the Greeks.
Th question of the Otteman debt Is
developing ns a danger point In the!
negotiations nnd the bitter TurklMi
Orcclnn dispute, which Is bated en
something mere thnn n question of
money, Is serving te make settlement
of the whole problem exceedingly dif
ficult. Geerge Tchllchcrln, Soviet Foreign
Minister, declared lest night after re
reiving the allied note that "Ilu'-sla will
net sign any agreement allowing war
ships te enter the Black Sea, and If
ethers de Russia will begin urining Im
mediately." Ship Subsidy Bill
Continued from Face Ona
pert of Sennters who would vote for the
subsidy hill, although with some re
luctance. The nrgument is made that
they could record themselves in favor of
Government aid te shipping with bet
ter grace if they had first eted for the
legislation which the farmers demand,
and further, that the fiijht which will
be made ever subsidy legislation will
be se protracted that farm legislation
nt this session will be endangered.
Some Administration Senators say
frankly that the effort te sidetrack the
subsidy bill cannot be stepped.
Subsidy Measure Facing Defeat
" the subsidy measure is once get
off the Senate calcndnr its defeat Is
practically assured. The debate en
rural credits will be protracted, for the
progressive elements will have amend
ments te present, giving the fanners n
larger measure of old than the Ad
ministration hill extends te them.
Moreover, ether measures such as the
bonus illicit be put en the calendar
um "f 'J10 """sidy If once it can be
laid aside for tnrm nriwlltn
The issue between the Progressives
and the Administration is steadily
sharpening. The plain object of the
i wc s te discredit President Hnrd
ing with the West te such nn extent
as te make his renomlnatlen impessi-
nni." i. "" that R an ,ss,le wlllcl on en
h. u rit,cn,t ls endeavoring te meet
ceuntrj feel that he Is himself a lib
en?. M k n refnily il bnt no one
Wild be Preside.it of the Tutted Stntes
nrnl,n,.,VenctInn,'-v' ,lis "'"I 'edits
Preg am is one step toward causing the
need n?,''01 ,,mt.,,e is "llvp "H
hem Presreislve enough te niece
.n"'?, '"age was aimed In the
nC'':)n- Although he asked for
,, . nn ,lm )e obtained nt the
K J,? nH,)cFlnl session next spring,
iMiniTrS,1' fcer nbjects, l.hlng the
wnt Sr ?, ,ln,,c";tanI that he is rogni regni
mt .i 1,s I"-"blcms and prepiicd te
" them lu a liberal spirit.
Progressives Spurn Olle Il-mches
llllt nn n.. -.
Pr.- T ""' "nwieiies ciinc: into tile
Ires essjves Privately tliev ire .
miuXl li!ri.l,B.,tl,l,t J'1!'!' will. lc"l
D lt nlHt the subsidy bill .T
lake ii 1 ,".H ." W'- il ls I'I. wl
heir ,,. ', ti'" "'I" mi"lcr. but In
ell op MKitle,, te tl,p dm th,.v U
.1 . I ..... i. " - J"1' '
knen,n.ii ;.-;?.. ". ,,'"re' no re
' 111 11III I." Illn It n Ii ....
.mi "& V ' ' i J .,:
Ibefarm cr?,m,,, ",ove te uMltute
Mdv Kl !,T1 !s "'.en-Mirea for the sub-
' n-."" rLT' ' P?ii fillbust
v.:.,"" " "e 'niter might In
ena t, " ,h.l?!.&!"ec"c V' n the
'Jtnaie the tciulennr .....'n... ..- I..
lm f. . . ilK"K: iwnrc progress v
nfl.,1?, ,narkc nnd this mny have its
Influence el, ,0 f(1, f . 'f,..'.'"'?
-U- i.,,. "".
"UA 1111 'I, lil !.., . n m
i. .. . ' ""
.Minority Leadership Contest On
a contest Is en for the lendcisliin of
Mimt!; i ,1,,nerlt.v. nnd this Is as
miiniiis large j.ropertions. although Sen
lV.,1. l ',(crwed will net resign his
t1''1':11'11 ,he f the present
srl 32: . ThS,tW0 lcn(,i"5 candidates
are bennter Simmons, of North Cnro Cnre
"n, and Senater Robinson, of Arkan-
.."nnter Slmmeni Is ene of the old
n?l '""''"n Honaters, like Senater
mierwned. He Is thoroughly eonser eenser
..?n " , Sonnter Robinson is n West
i,2cr f, nnn bloc sympathies and Is
e cnndhlntn of the Pregnvslvc clemeii
hi I he Dcmncrntic Party.
, , -"-....." ... ,.i. .iviiu,. mi- rum
0 be nbeiit eipinlly ilUlded het ween
"mil, nnd the choice of n lender will
I lie IIPinui?l'nlu 111 Mill Untnil,. n.n ,n1.1 ...
"M".iu upon the iievflepmeut of the
irngiPRsive meveineiit ami upon the at
ininlf. nf tlm newly elected Democratic
It Is expecled that Woodrew WIN
n, who is mere nnd mero nsserllng
leadership of the Democracy, will
"-"rctae an lnfluer.es in this contest.
IN BRUNEN CASE EXCLUSION
"Trabcsly en Vele 'Wary of Women a lntuitien! Say Seme
of Fifteen Barred "by Apreement" Frem Service
Wqmen who we're excused by "com
mon consent" from serving" en the
Hrunen-Mehr murder Jury had Borne Berne
thing te say about the matter as 'they
left the Mount Helly courthouse last
"A travesty en giving women the
vote, ' commented one en the sidebar
confercftce of Prosecutor Kclscy and
Walter Kcewn, counsel for the defense,
which resulted in n joint agreement te
bar nil women from the jury.
tiJ'il1 cy'r? ,wnry et woman's Intul Intul
Ue'h exclaimed another.
'Where there's a will there's a
way," observed a third dwelling en the
conciliatory argument offered by some
01 tllO tfl-hnVP-I.PAn tlirnra Tl.le nnlntxt
te the fact that thcre were inadequate
accommodations in Burlington County's
Judicial machinery for mixed juries.
"Handed Geld Brick
-The cencensus of the greater number
et the fifteen women barred from the
jury box was that although none wns
anxious te serve en account of the na
turp of the case, they did net feel it
entirely fair te vote them out en ac
count of their sex without nn 'aye or
no as te their own feelings en the sub
ject. Having the women thcre In the court ceurt court
reoni nt all was compared te 3Irs. Fel Fel
ten's brief scat in the Senate. They
felt the men handed them a geld brick.
i ecueve it women wcre Intelligent
enough te be given the vote they nre
capable of serving en juries," 3Irs. W.
F. Letford, of Palmyra, said, "I con
sider the calling, the women here and
then dismissing them by mutual agree
ment of the defense nnd prosecution
rather n fnrce and a trnvesty en giv
ing women the vote. Personally, I wns
net anxious te serve en. account of the
nature of the case and I think most of
the women felt that way, but I think
we would have liked te have the chance
te sny se. Mrs. Lundy nnd I both
serbed en civil cases heie In Burlington
County. If the accommodations are in
adequate for taking care of mixed jur
Egged On by Mehr,
Ciinlliulrd from fate One
Justice Knllsch sustained him, ruling
that Pewel wns net en trlul.
Hints at Sulclde Attempt
"De you recall your condition after
your arrest 1 menu your mental con
dition?" asked Mr. Kcewn. "Were
your nctfens any different thnn usual?"
"Ivden't knew," said the witness.
"Did yeifnttempt te take jour life
"I object," shouted 3Ir. Kclsey.
The objection wns sustained.
"There will be no further examina
tion along this line. Se far as the wit
ness has new gene he shows mental
capacity," Justice Kallsch remarked
Powell then wns sworn nnd. after
Buying he hud net been premised im
munity, proceeded te tell his story.
"Are jeu Charles 31. Powell, one of
the parties indicted for the murder of
Jehn Brunen," asked Prosecutor hcl
"De you npnear here of your own
free will?" "Yes, sir."
"Has any one offered you or hns
any one premised you immunity from
punishment?" "Ne. sir."
"Are jeu married?" "Yes, sir. In
the spring of 1021."
Worked for .Mehr
"Hwe long hnve jeu known Harry
C. 3Iehr?" "Seven or eight jeurs."
"Hew long hne jeu known Deris
Brunen?" "The same length of lime.
"I low long did jeu knew Jehn Bru
nen?" "I' knew him before he met
3Irs. Brunen or Mehr."
'Wcre you ever un empleye of Jehn
Brunen?" "Yes, seven or eight years
"Were you in the army?" "Yes, sir.
I was discharged June 1, 1018."
"Whom did jeu work for then?
"Ilnrry O. 3Iehr. Until wc closed In
the winter of 1018. I later worked
for 3Iehr in the spring of 1010. I was
"Explain whnt promoter means?"
"The promoter Is the man who gees te
towns after the ndvance man te leek
after the electric wiring end everything
In general. I was promoter for two
months. After thnt I hecame general
agent for Mehr. That Is the man who
books the towns, I continued that until
September, 1010. Then T joined with
Rebuke-d by Judge Kallsch
The witness said he then joined the
3Inrylnnd State fair, later being asked
te handle a fair at Danville, Pa., for
Brunen. "In between that tlme Pur
roll nnd Brunen had trouble nnd Paul
Ptirrell decided te leave. Purrcll asked
me te werrc with mm. no teiu me
we would make five
. . .
dollars n week apiece."
"Who Is this Purrcll?" snapped the
Judge. "What has he te de with this?
(.'online yourself te this case."
"After leaving the show in Septem
ber, 1021, nt Reading, Pa., I went te
Newark, N. J., and worked in or er
ganizing1 bazaars. 1 received a letter
from my bister telling mc '
Justice Kallsch interrupted again.
"Don't tell me what ether people told
j uu. tell us whnt jeu knew."
"Whnt was in the message?" asked
"It told me there was a letter ud ud
tertised In The Billboard fur me. I
ruviwil il. It was fiem .Mehr nnil
said, 'Whole can I uet in touch with
jeu? This is very Important. ' I an
swered it. He sent me a telegram in
reply. This wns November 2, 1021."
Here tounsel for both sides entered
Inte ii discussion ever the admissibility
of the telegram from 3Iehr, nnd Keewu
linally ngrced te nllew copies of this
and ether telegrams te be offered as
"I wrote 3Iehr," continued Powell,
"that I had n bazaar preposition with
the churches. I told him that the big
lii.nle wns coming nnd I couldn't get
te him. Mehr wired In answer te un
lust wire, 'Your preposition leeks
'I'jxpinin want you mean by 'prope-
111. -.11 ' ' ' Bflttl Mm Ttlilrv
I meant the bazaar a bnslnnss
Jurers Want te Hear All
At this point members of the jury
Interrupted te complain that Prose
cutor Kclsey. in putting his questions,
steed between them nnd the witness.
A few moments later he did the same
thing nnd the jurors raised their voices
ngnln In pretest. 3Ir. Kclscy smiled,
uixilngUed nnd moved his position.
"Shortly Jifter November 12, 11121,"
continued Powell. ".Mehr wired me te
meet him at Poltstewn. I met Mehr
the triiin. i' hnd n blte te eat,
after we had been seated here
me lliiie. .Meur ieki me u e nt t in
tiuuule his sister nnd Hazel were hav
ing with iH-unen. nuzei had run
inwiy and married ene of the circus
empleyes. Jehn wns mad about lt,
and was going nfter her. Mrs. Brunen
was afraid that Jehn would hurt Ha ml
and had gene te Hnsel te protect her,
"Mehr stld he fecfed them both In
BTENIW PUBLIO -
ies' thnt ought te 'be remedied. Where
there's a will there', a wey.".
Mrs. Laiira Lundy, of Westhampton
township, echoed Mrs. Letford's views.
, It wns Mrs. Elizabeth Oonevcr, of
Delran. who sngely observed that men
dreaded a woman's Intuition nnd espe
cially her direct thinking apparatus
when it enme te judging the Innocence
or guilt of a member of her own sex.
Attention was called te the fact that
women are particularly unpopular nt
jurymen In the Burlington County
Courtheuso and excluded especially from
cases where liquor Issues nre In ques
tion. 3Irs. Conevcr nnd 3Irs. Ella 8. Bll
llnghnm wcre the only two women
sw!ern In te answer the "challenge ques
tions" yesterday. The ether women
were excused one by one under the
"I should nave lmea te serve it tnere
had been ether women en the jury,"
Mrs. Conever said.
Mrs. Dillingham advanced that the
presence of the women in the court
room at allvwes an empty honor and
rather In the nature of "3Irs. Felten's
seat in the Senate."
A Hint at Future
"ft seemed foolish te go te nil the
expense of bringing us there," she sold,.
"and tnen te semi us en witneut even
asking our censent1. Pcrhnps some day
women will be mere up en the Ins and
outs of maneeuvcrlng nnd then It will
The women, however, en the whole
wcre geed-natured about the affair and
some seemed glad of a chnncc te es
cape. "My feelings weren't hurt," wns the
way 3Irs. Frances Van Sclvcr, of Bev
erly, put It, "only I wouldn't like It
te happen every time."
Rumors were rife among some that
efforts had been made te leek up the
women befere they were summoned te
the court house. The reason given In
court for the boning of the women was
that, the trial was apt te last two
Jersey City, nnd he had Hazel's hus
band arrested. Brunen then came back
with Mrs. Brunen and Hazel. 3Iehr
told me of the trouble nt home between
3Ir. and 3Irs. Brunen He said he
was afraid his mother, who hnd heart
trouble, might drop dend. He also
said that he wns ufraid his sister, In
one of her mad spells, would harm
Jehn and get locked up. I believe he
said te me, 'She may take her own
life, she is se worried.'
Saj's Murder Was Breached
"At the end of our conversation he
said : 'Yeu and I have been pals for
n lone time. Yeu are the only one I
can trust. Is there nny way seu. cani.,,
think of thnt we can net lid of Jehn?'
a. . .- t.l.l n.F Inlm?'
That was the first time he mentioned
thnt te me. I tried te discourage him,
nnd Interest him lu my bazaar propo prepo
sition. We later talked two hours at
my home. He left thnt night. I think
thnt the next dnj. or two he wrote me
that he wns sending his wife te Wilkes
Bnrre where I was, nnd would fellow."
Powell told of the arrival of 3Irs.
3Iehr and tUe appearance of 3Iehr him
self the following day. He snld 3Iehr
staved five davs. both men tryin"g te
i get churches nenr Wilkes-Barrc inter
ested in their bazaar plan. Few ell
then , Identified numerous telegrams
which passed between him nnd 3Iehr
after the latter had gene te Philadel
phia, nnd Prosecutor Kelsey asked what
he nnd Mehr hnd talked ubeut.
"I cannot recall exactly. It was
concerning the best wny te de away
with Mr. Brunen, 3Ir. Mehr's mind
was always back home with his sister
nnd his mother. lie never ceased te
tnlk about the trouble they were hav
ing at home. He said he wns afraid
of whnt Jehn Brunen might de while
he wns nwny, nnd we tried te figure
the host wny te get rid of Jehn Brunen.
Decided te Vse Revolver
"We figured nt the end thnt we
would use a revolver. It was the same
thing every day, ever and ever: whnt
would be the easle3t way te get rid of
Jehn Brunen. Mehr always wanted te
use a revolver. At that time I hadn't
The witness then told of nn exchange
nf telegrams in which Mehr said he
was returning te Riverside because of
trouble nt home. He then told of re
ceiving $20 by telegram from 3Iehr, of
his own arrival at Philadelphia Novem
ber 81, of his conversation with 3Iehr
at the Philadelphia and Reading Rail
way station and of their visit te a
"We talked about the same thing
always the best way te get rid of Jehn
Brunen. He wanted te use a pistol,
and asked me te stay at a hotel In
Powell then identified the register of
the hotel where he had stayed the night
of December 21, 1021.
"At the hotel net morning," he
M...IIH nil HMnlti. nnmil 111 llttl flllh n .1 A
or six llunurWA""":,' -"ii i ....... ....... .. ......
toeK me te uiversiue, ami suewcu mc
hew ensy it would be te sheet Brunen
when he wns in the garage, ns the
engine of Brunen's car would be going
nnd the noise would drown the shot.
Helps Out Prosecutor
"I went Inte Brunen's garage In
3Iehr's machine, but unyway nothing
wns decided en."
Powell bold he then went bnck te
Wllkcs-Barre and received another
wire from 3Iehr usklng him te return
te Philadelphia at once. The witness
smiled broadly at Mr. Kelscy's diffi
culty in Undine the telegram, and fin
ally picked it out and identified it.
"I met .Mehr in rnuaueipuia tne
next morning nni he innde me the same
preposition," Powell continued. "He
wanted me te 'get' Brunen thnt zo
ning, cither at Brunen's heuse or some
wny befere Brunen get home. He still
wanted te use a retelver."
The plot hung fire, however, be said,
and once mere Powell departed for
Wilkes-Barre. He explained lie bad
net wanted te leave his wife alone
HAROLD TEEN ; ; s : a Momentous Problem
V HBCBWSfiAroreMFlDB. VM ft DBS' J ffV -AMD a-PEe- , Wr 7 OP 1.
ufcJffiKMRii' im i jTr$s&A. IIB -JJLsk-2- s Vfg3 LJmAJiffiJ. .
yf 3Jr. wexm- JlL vMpkr
itEDGER - PHlDADELPHIAV TUESDAY,'
there. A couple of days later Mehr
wrote, asking him te come en te Phila
delphia, but Powell answered that he
had no money nnd besides would net
leare his wife In Wilkes-Barrc. The
same day, the witness said, Mehrvwlred
At this juncture Justice Kallsch
cnyed a rectes se the prosecutor could
sort out his shrnf of telegrams. k3IrB.
Mehr calmly read a newspaper during
Defendants Talk Together ,
During the recess Mrs. Brunen talked
emphatically with Ilnrry 3Iehr. though
In .tones tee low to'be audible. Pjewelb,
nai impassive 'during the live-minute
recess, , glancing about' the courtroom.
in an unconcerned fashion. 'v ,
He resumed'the thread of his narra
tive saying he and his wife had de-
nartml fnv Phltnrlelnliln Tlieu nanl
tp light housekeeping rooms provided
tne witness saiu; uy Mehr, at 45 Cooper
"That evening 3Iehr took mc out In
his automobile and wc talked ever once
mere the best wny ,te 'get' Brunen. I
remained until we decided te use u
shotgun. On December 1211 him nnd I
went te Philadelphia and he gnve mc
$1C. I went into a pawnshop en Ninth
street, bought a deuble-barreled shot
gun for $13.50, get a receipt, brought
the gun out, and gave the receipt and
the change te Mehr. We nut the gun
In the car nnd drove te Eighteenth and
Market streets, where Mr. Mehr gave
me $15 mere end -I. bought a. single
barreled shotgun there. I brought the
single-barreled gun out and gave the
receipt te Mr, Mehr and put -the 'gun
In the car."
At this point an old-fashioned
deuble-barreled hanimer shotgun wns
shown the witness nnd identified by him
ns the weapon with which the murder
"3Ir. 3Iehr didn't knew If -I could
sheet a shotgun, se he took mc out en
a river read. Wehad bought some
shells nnd wc both tried the' guns out.
He knew of a plnce along a reed lead
ing te Wllllamstewn where Brunen
often dreve back and forth and showed
me a place en a bridge where wc could
stay and sheet him as he passed by.
We were In 3Ir. 3Ibhr's auto and we
left the automobile In the weeds about
two squares away. Well, nothing de
veloped ever that. Tills wns at Christ
Powell returned te Camden. He said
that Mehr came te his house at 8 or
0 o'clock Christmas evening, and snld
he would be there again in the morning,
Powell then related that Mehr hed given
him. $3 nnd n revolver Powell pawned
the revolver ter $u, at seventeenth
nnd Mnrkct street, using the $0 te pay
his wny te Wilkes-Barrc. There, he
snld, he sold out bis Interest in the
bazaar for $100 and returned te Cam
den. "But my money didn't Inst long,"
snld the witness. "I kept getting lower
nnd lower. 3Iehr kept giving me r jue
nnd paying my room rent. Then he
wns mndc genernl mannger of fie show
nnd went te Bnltlmere te try te get the
Accuses Mrs. Brunen of Plot
"3Irs. Brunen came te me nnd told
me that she wns afraid te stay at her
home without her brother. She said
.....,,, fW ........ n-.Wn t nt
.. ... .. - -....- .. w .. .
window somebody would sheet
"When 3Iehr returned he told me
he wnnted te get Brunen as quickly as
possible, that Mrs. Brunen would
cither kill Brunen or herself or thnt
his mother would drop dead. Then he
left for Chicago te attend a convention
of fair men. He gave me $7.50 and
tiskcd me te go out te the Ilruncn
house every night while lie was in Chi
cago and see- if I could get Brunen
alone. He said that as he would be
in Chicago no suspicion would be
thrown en him and be would have a
Powell then told of a dispute between
Mehr nnd Brunen while the former was
in Chicago, nnd Prosecutor Kelsey sub
mitted the following telegram as evi
"Harry C. 3Iehr, Sherman Hetel,
"Replying te your letter I will never
tnke orders of any one but the law. 1
will take advice of all sane men nt nil
times. Yeu Imagine jeu nre a free
ngent and have never booked a town.
3Iy wires were advised as your letter
proofs. If you want te quit all right.
Never dictate te me. 3Icn who have
been a success cannot be sllded. Advise
by wire." (signed) "JOHN."
Win First Point
Continued from Tan Ons
he explained, because of "a fear" of
the activities of W. J. Burns, chief of
tne uureau of Investigation of the De
partment of Justice.
Representative Graham, Pennsylva
nia, suggested that 3Ir. Keller be
sworn and examined as te the facts
behind the charges, declaring that the
committee should "get along" with
the hearing. When Mr. Kuller inelatn.i
.that he be allowed te proceed in his
own way, no war warned by Mr. Urn-
nam net te get impertinent."
Fermer Representative Hew land, et
levelnnd. appeared as pemennl counsel
for 31r. Dougherty, and at the outset
demanded te knew who wns associated
with Mr. Keller. 3rr. Ralbtnn charged
that this was nn attempt te crcnte 11
' smeke screen."
"Oh. I don't think se!" snld Chair
man elstend. and he Insisted that the
names be glvcyi. -These who wre
named as counsel In connection with
J"e various chnrges were, in addition
te Mr. Ralston, Samuel Untcrmvcr, of
New Yerk: Frnnk P. Walsh, of Khuses
Cty: Jehn II. ihey. of Bosten, and
Charles T. Clayten, of Washington.
Replying te committee members 3Ir.
UnlRten said he had been nsked In
Samuel Dumpers, president of the
American Federation of Laber, te serve
in the case "without thought of com
pensation." Ventner Official Resigns
Atlanilc City. Dec. 12. Oeorge A.
(umnhcrt. Philadelphia busliipsn mm,
and president of the Ventner CItv
Council, last night tendered his reslu reslu
natien. Whlle he lives in the First
warn, uumpnerc is ueunciiman-nt
Large. The resignation beeemps eTer
ltive December 81.
, Ordered by State
Continued from Fact Ona
tobacco, the fundamental cause of much
of the violation, of rules,
Advises Inspectors te Yield
V Would It nqt seem then te be the
part of wisdom te yield some of your
own undoubtedly honest opinions te the
logic pf events?
"Allew me e call your nttentlen te
thp' following previsions of the Act of
Assembly crentinir .tlm Htntn VnhWti
Wclfare Department :
section . "The department shall
have supervision ever: ' . '
(d) All county prisons " "
. Section 12. "It shall be the duty
of the Commlslener te visit and In
spect, or cause te be visited or In
spected nil prisons ns
provided In Section II of this net
Whenever upon such visita
tion, examination mid Inspection of
any prison nny cendltldn
is found te exist therein, which In
the opinion of the Commissioner is
detrimental te the prepper dis
cipline or te the proper core,
maintenance, rustedy nnd welfare
of the Inmates thereof the
Commissioner shall direct the offi
cer or officers charged by law with
pr in nny way having or exercis
ing the control government or mnn
ngement of such prison te cor
rect the said objectionable condl cendl
t ens in the ninttcr and within the
times specified by the Commissioner.
In case of the neglect, rcftisel or
fnllure of nny such officer te com
ply with such directions the Com
missioner shall ecrtlfy the facts In
tire ense te the District Attorney
i ii lrePf'r county, whose duty it
slinll he thereupon te proceed by in
dictment or otherwise te remedy the
snld objectionable conditions."
"In pursuance of the obligations Im
posed upon mc by law, I hereby Inform
you thnt I find the following objection
able conditions nt the Philadelphia
County Prison, which conditions are In
my opinion detrimental te the health,
discipline, proper core and welfare of
the inmates, te wit, dark cells or
dungeons for the purposes of punish
ment of inmates, the withdrawal of
feed for twenty-four hours, n lack'ef
proper opportunity for thnt pcrsennl
communication se necessary te the
''ealth and welfare of human bcing.
n lnck of proper nnd sufficient opper
tunity rer exercise, Dotu in cell corri
dors nnd in the open air, and nn undue
monotony of the feed served.
Orders Quick Action
"In further pursuance of my obliga
tions I hereby direct the Benrd of In
spectors of the Philadelphia Ceunfv
I'rNen te correct the snld objectionable
condition, by the cemplet abolishment
of the aforesaid dark cells or dungeon".
uigeiuer wiin ineir return te their
original condition nnd use bv the
abolishment of the custom of the
twenty-four-hour withdrawal of feed
as n punishment, by the providing for
outdoor nlr and exercise of each nni
every inmnte net working his health and
the weather permitting for net lcs
than n period of two hours dally, Sun
day included, ns well ns for oppertunit
for exercise in the cell corridors n't'
ether times, by the prevision for fre"
communication at nny nnd nil proper
times when net under special punish
ment with due regard te the eidcrly
conduct of the prison, bv the permission
or the pieptr use pf tobacco when and
while outdoors during eercise hours bv
providing n wider range of feed mate
rials In order te vary the monotony of
the meals, with possibly u slight in
crease In quantity.
"In further pursuance of my obliga
tions under the law I direct thnt the
Beard of Inspectors shall put in force
the above changes net Inter than the
first day of January. 10215, at which
time or shortly thereafter a rcpresentn
tive of the Department of Public Wcl Wcl
faeo will reinspect both branches of the
Philadelphia County Prison. ,
"Very truly jeurs,
"J. 31. BALDY.
"Commissioner of Public Welfare."
.Statement te the Public
The State-wide prison improvements
Dr. Bnldy has in mind wcie made pub
lic in a state he issued. It follews:
"The citizens of Philadelphia and
of the State should net misunderstand
the significance of the letter sent by
me te the benrd of inspectors of the
Philadelphia county prison.
"It is admittedly a fact that in nny
reform movement men move slowly and
'wish te be shown' : especially is this
se en ncceunt of the activity of the
dreamers and extremists. This is net
nn unwise thing nnd nil due nllewnnec
should be entertained for these who de
net see the true light ns quickly ai
may ethers, otherwise the pendulum
would often swing tee far.
"It must be borne in mind thnt
criminals arc net angels, are net board beard
ing nt a summer tesert and most often
de get all that is justly coming te
.them. -e nenru should be condemned
for moving with caution in dealing with
such men. Applying this te the pres
ent situntlen, Phllndelphlnns, if they
judge tee hastily, will destroy con cen
tideiicc in the best prison I personally
have evir seen, nn institution concern
ing which they hnve every reason and
nre amply justified in feeling pride.
3! communication te the Heard of
Inspectors speaks for itself, but I wish
te oiniiliail7e the fnct thnt when these
reforms are Instituted, the Ilolmeshurg
prison will be far nhend of any ether
with which I nni familiar, excepting in
one respect work. At the present time
the piiseti employs but one-third of its
inmate". This is in no wny te be nt-
trlbuted te the Beard of Inspectors. I
The reinedv lies with the Council. i
"There is ample space te add a suf- !
ficicnt number of shops in which te
1 occupy everj man in the prison. Alle-
ghenj ' euuty has far outstripped
Philadelphia 'euuty in this respect,
l'veij man In the county branch nt
Khiwuet has occupation, in eonse-
I quern e of which the county reaps n ilch
.profit In delims and cents.
"Philadelphia pnjs the full upkeep
I out of the tapajers' moiiej. If suf-
' lielent piosMire bheuld be brought te
bear en Council te furnish the funds
for shops Philadelphia will have the
model prison of the country and will
have fewer taxes te pay.
"With the exception of the condition
DECEMBER 121 ' 1922
I have directed te be corrected this Jail
is thoroughly well managed, the keepers
are of nn exceedingly high type for this
clasH of work, the feed Is geed, well
and cleanly prepared and fairly ample.
I ate my own lunch from the prisoners
mess end enjejed it. The bread ls baked
in the prison nnd is first-class. A lack
of variety is the only real complaint.
' "I talked te inmates ail ever the
place and all agreed en that point. The
?:eneral appearance of the men speaks
or itself, they arc well fed and their
appearance shows it. Kspcclnlly te be
commended is the care of the' tubercular
and the syphilitic. Net even In our
hospitals have I seen better care nor
guartcrs. The physician in charge I
found te be nn old medical friend and
one I persenaly knew te be thorough!)
competent. Cleanliness and order pre
"It Is our province te build up and
net te destroy cither Institution or
mnnngcrs nnd It is entirely in this spirit
in which personally 1 have npprenciin
this subject end it Is this attitude I nni
asking all thoughtful citizens te i's -
"This Is net the only Jail it will
become iii-v duty te criticize en exact I)
the snme lines I hnVe deult with the
Philadelphia County .prison
"With few exceptions every county
(all in Pennsylvania will In due time
be held te the same accountability nnd
they might as well take heed of this
present warning and unticlpnte that
which will be required of them.
"These tilings te which I have called
the nttentlen of the Pliilndlephin
County Prison Inspectors are common
te nil. Thp trouble is thnt penology
has net cvoluted n jet te the point
where the communities have tip te this
time been ready for the necessary steps
nnd these faults are left-evers frbm the
County Jails Toe Small
"The erlnary county jail ls tee small
te make lt possible te provide sufficient
work. Exercise, the obellshment of
dungeens, the abolishment of punish
ment by the withdrawal of feed, lack
of reasonable liberty ns te communica
tion nnd the use of tobacco while en
exercise In the open enn be obtained
by administration nnd will be. Werk
will hnve te be provided en farms and
the jails reserved for individuals await
ing trial, detained witnesses nnd short shert
termers. "It is manifest that of necessity the
State will have te supplement the
county Jail system with work farms,
nnd these once established can be made
te pay their own wej .
"The Department of Public, Welfare
has nt the present time in preparation
by the Attorney (Jeneial's office nil Act
of Assembly te be presented te the
coming session of the Legislature,
drawn with the ebjt ct of thus supple
ment Ing the county jail system of the
"A few jears will spc a vast change
in l'ciinsjlvaiiia. we hope, but in the
meanwhile de nni let us attribute the
Ills which are common te all te the one,
and by be doing destroy the confidence
of the community in the best of them
nil, as well as destroy the usefulness of
men who hnve sprved the community
faithfully and well. Let the rest of us
leek te the beam in our own eyes in
this ninfter of prison reform."
GRAND JURY BEGINS
PRISON PROBE TODAY
The first witnesses who will tell the
Crand Jury of teperts of mistreatment
of prisoners nt the Philadelphia County
Prison at Helmebburg will be henrd this
The Cr.nnd Jurers, in their probe of
the County Prison ordered by Judge
Audcnricd nfter publication ' in the
Evk:!NO Pi iimc Lunr.ER nf reports of
general conditions there, will net make
their inspection of Holinesbtirg until nil
the wltne.-sps nre heiiul. They wnnt
the evidence piesentcd te them se they
will Knew exactly what te leek for
when they mnlie their visit
Assistant Mstrict Attorney Jehn II. I
3Inurcr. nppeiiitcd bj Distiict Attorney
Retnn te aid the Cmml Jurj In the
probe, nppeared befere the jurors in
City Hall this morning and presented
whnt information be hnd at hand con
cerning conditions nt the Helmes-buri?
NARCOTICS WORTH $50,000 SEIZED IN NEW YORK
NEW YOItK. Bee. 12. Nnicetict. valued at S50.000 and
the nnmes and addresses of about 1000 persons snTrt by the po
lice te be selling ngents and addicts, were seized today." "Willi nni
"Williams, in whose apartment the drugs were found. wn. nr
rested and Is held for investigation. Among the seized letteis
was one said te be from a well-known motion-picture actor in
Hollywood. Calif., indicating that the icter acted ns an agent.
"OLD IRONSIDES" TO BE DE-COMMISSIONED
LOS ANGELES, Dee. 12. The battleship Connecticut,
sometimes termed "Old Ironsides," once the flagship of ' right
ing: Beb'' Evans, was en. the way today from Les Angeles te" the
navjr yaul at Bremeiten, Wash., te be de-commissioned.
MAN NEAR DEATH IN CRASH
Driver In Chester Accident Held as
Chester. Dee. 112. Clarence Spenre.
'hlrtj ears old, of 010 Cengnlcum ave
nue, l.inwoed, wns held In UliiOO ball
torceuit yesterday charged with operat
ing an automobile while drunk. W. Uor Uer Uor
ten Dersey, twenty-two yenrs old, of
tiu2 Erie street, Camden, testified
Spcnce crashed Inte the Camden car
nt Ninth nnd Barclay street1!, then
Prison, as published in the BVWWO
lfttvf .n T.vtmptl.
The Grand Jurers, anxious, te get
well Inte the probe, combined this step
in the; investlgntien with their routine
duties se that the work en indictments
would net.be held up.
Judge Instructs Jurers
Judce Audcnricd, lu ordering.
probe new under, wnj'v
jurors te investigate conditions both nt
Holmesburg nnd Meynmcnsing, me iwe
branches' of the County Prison.
District Attorney Retnn, in discuss
ing conditions nt .Meynmenslng tedtty,
said he was strongly opposed te holding
untried prisoners there..
"That violates cverv theory of our
aw." said Mr. Retnn. "Herding
these awnlting trial with these jvhe
hove been convicted Is entirely wrong.
Every person arrested charged with
crime Is presumed te be Innocent until
Moie thnn live years age 3Ir. Roten
had n bill Introduced in the Legislature
lAiu t., ,i, ..niintrurtlnn nf n Hnusi
'0f Detention where persons tnken Inte
citsted)' 'could b'e held pending dispesi-
. tien of the trials,
, The hill was presented by Asslstnnt
District Attorney 3Iauricc Spelser, at
thnt time a member of the Legislature.
after 3Ir. Speisser anu Judge James
Oay Gorden, Jr., who then was ene of
3Ir. Retnn's nssistnnts, hnd made an
inspection of the Tombs Prison in New
Yerk nnd hnd reported their findings
te the D'strict Attorney.
Conditions which tlve years age
caused the District Attorney te intro
duce this bill have net Improved.
"The fact thnt persons were se con
fined in the 31ejamcnHing Piiseti con
vinced mt- that a Heuse of Detrnlie'i
wns needed for this county," snld .Mr.
Retnn, "se I drafted the bill. Then
I went te llnrrisburg and fought for
the passnge of the measure."
Then Meynincnsln'g Prien wns dls
cussed nnd nfter the c&nditiens exist
ing there had been compared with con
ditions In ether prisons the bill was
drafted nnd passed. But in the course
of the fight that wns made befere the
bill authorizing a new house of deten
tion finally become n law the word
"shall" was changed te "may."
In the original drnft the wording
called for the immediate construction.
SHOPLIFTER'S SAD TALE
MISSED FIRE THIS TIME
Girl, With Recerd of 12 Arrests,
Held In $800 for Court
The sorrowful tnle of Margaret
Steer, 3185 Aremingn svrnue, failed te
move Magistrate Cew an! in Centra'
Stntlei this morning whin she was nr
ratgncd en n charge of shoplifting. He
held her in ?00 bail for n further
3Iiss Steer, who is a veunc and
pretty brunette, wns nnested yesterdaj
by Geerge Perter, n drug-store detec
tive, at Twelfth nnd Mnrkct streets,
after he saw her take several nrtlelcs.
This is the twelfth tlme Hint the girl
has been arrested for shoplifting. On
ether occasions the magistrates, hear
ing Iier pleas, have been touched by
her sorrowful story nnd the trouble she
hns te get nleng.
When nrrested the following nrtlcles
were found en her person : A glnss
pitcher, ten pounds enndy, one cuke
soap, two men's shirts, one pair trou
sers, five pounds figs, one jar of hard
candy and one football. 3Iiss Steer
wns well prepared te take tar of her
boloctiens. for she carried the neccssarj'
paper and tring with which te .wrap
up the articles.
RELIEF DIRECTOR DEAD
Geerge Williams, Fermer U. S. Con Cen
sul, Succumbs te Pneumonia
Constantinople, Dec. 11. (Ity A.
P.) A wireless dispatch from the
American destrejer ndsnll, stationed at
Samsun. te the Xcnr l'ast Helier heud-
' fliarier-, here niineiim ei tlm .Innth ,.
Mnrsevnn en Suiidav of Ccerce WIN
Hams, ene of the relief organization di-
t3Ir. Williams, who was formerly
United Stntes vice ensul nt 3fIIan,
'node his home In Pexhurg, Pn. Death
was uue ie pneumonia.
CITY ON WATER RATION
Collieries Fear Famine a
City Water Ce. Steps Pumping I
.Mttlmney Clly, l'a.. Dec IL Snow
is inllinj; iiere, spiIiirs nre fieren
collieries nie lu imminent d.mst
Fer the first time in fifty. n,no TPnri ,
Mnbenny City has been placed e ,,
restricted water supplj . Th m i no" i
City VI nter Cempnnv has posted ...
ticca that until further neV-e water
l."ibe.i! ft1" en,y from 7 -v. M.
JS?$ Mattel Street
S A $500 Funeral for
t $250 '
Gunrnntccd qunlltv. Finest S
$ caskets mnde.
A KttablUhed SO Year
Q -. .. .1 n - I.L... rLxu'l
Hair tne rrtc -.. -...-Ne
Bread or Chestnut
$ Street Prices
Faithful Fulfillment of'
$ 4 1 nt Aflult Funeral CompUte
ft q I UU Hnnrtneme Hardwood PelUhM
O Cefket. With Handlen, Pint and Lin-
2 Ing. Outside Ce, Conveyance te ,
J? Cemrtcry, Embalming Bedy, Bhreud or
2 ntnnttet, Hearne. "Llmemlne. Pay for
Opening Crave, Ue of Gmtc If family
linn no plnre of burlnl. Ne cbatwe for
removing of body from Ite'pltal. Tarler
Chnlrs. Crepe. Candelabrum, Crucifix.
SPECIAL ADULT FUNERAL. IBS
Metal Caikett and Belmont Cement
Cuei at ,Hlf the Price Otheri Charge
E. Kessler & Ce. t
1633 W. DAUPHIN ST.
O Formerly of 3909 Gtrmanieten Av.
IS Always Open Bell Ph. Diamond S303
A well designed show
window offers the
simplest and easiest
way of calling attention
te a dealer's wares. Its
arrangement should be
such as te make instant
appeal te all and sug
gest that fuller satisfac
tion istobefeund within
StnJ for pamphttt
"Tht Storm in (A Window"
30th and Walnut
Have you read that article n
"Geed Leeks" in the December issue
of the Weman's Heme Companion?
There are some capital points in it
especially the first half of the articlt.
Here is ene:
"Feet are one of your most valu
able accessories at Christmas time.
If they ache, you might just as well
give up. You'll buy the wrong thing
Hut your feet u-en't ache if you
In i.eu. light-weight Cantilevers "ye
i .-in In- ii nre comfertablo than you can
lie In crenil elii rnsy shoes" when you
no ciiiiHiiuas Hliepplus and leek much
The all-losther Hhank of Cantilever
shoes UceB uji miKh te nt th, under
iire of the Individual feet Ths nrch,
being tlexlhle lllte jour own arch, Hi
lows fiee exercise te the feet musclM,
btreiiKthenlni; them nnd keeping your
The correctly placed low, medium or
(Miban heul, and the roomy, geed-looking
tee, aid In mnkniK Cantilever Shea
alwnj.i comfortable Make your Chrlit
mas shepplnu caay by buylni; a pair
at ene of these stores tomorrow.
Widths AAAA te K.
CANTILEVER SHOE SHOP
1300 Walnut Street
Over Cunerd Ofiic
CntllTeri nre alie en In netrbr ett
Alluunu jknaimlm'i. 18W Elueutli Arr.
ibui l'tk -lint Shee Ce.. 807 ttxikmin
(nmiltn-Cuiran'K Khe Ktere. 110 llruadwa
Kanteii Mnjei1., n'7Nurtliampten HI. J
.lolmtteitu .aiiK'a, D.l(l Main St.
l;n"r Ktey7. 3, Kat Kins St.
Itradlnic Si.'lmrrlnvr'i. 4aa !? -.
A el k
jPi el fk
1 I vi
if I l I vW
I I xi
if J lf
I ll l
II I ?U 11
vi filnr il i II
i T ii
bcranten l-iwl It IUIIIt. Ill Wr3; i.
a r. J
" ' !'' mill i .. .H ili'limiji -- " - 6i.p i
-j- AVt . V si