Newspaper Page Text
W-Vtltii'tf ' V ' S '" f 1TV
EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER PHILADELPHIA , TUESDAY; DECEMBER 12, 1922
. is ' r
VENING PUBLIC LEDGER
UBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
i. HiUin II. K, CUIITIB, PBBMDtK
' Jehn C. Martin, Vice Prraldent nj TrrAitifM
Cbrijn A T)ler, Secretary ; ChurlM 11. LuJIm LuJIm
ten. rhlltp R. (felUns. Jehn 11. William. Uterg
I nelifmlth, Devlil 13. pmlley, Ulrt-eter.
ui J TAvm m. amim:t.
-enr JOHN C. MAnTlN....CIfnrl nulnM Mnttr
Publlahfr dally at; I'CBMO Lrtwira Itulldlnc
Independence) Suuar. ltilldlphla.
Att.istie Citt rrf.ij.ftilen nulMlng
Niw Veti 34 Mnetlsen Ave.
Dmeit Tut 1'drrt JinllJIn
Mr. I.ettl 013 UlnSciVmecrat HulMlr.c
CIIIOAOO 1302 Tribune llullilne
., ,N. K. Cor. rennarlianla Av. and 14th St.
NW Toik It unlit: Th Sun llulldlng
X.OMUON lien tilt Trafalnar Uulldlnc
Th EftsiNe rent te Ltivirn I eervtsl te sub sub
erlbern In rhlladlphla nnd surrounding towns
t th r.t of tntlt (H!) cents per week, rattb!
te the carrier.
By mall te relnts outside of Philadelphia In
the United fliatM, cnil. or I'nltfJ Mute-si t t
nalena, postal tret, fifty (50) corns per month.
31 (16) dollars per J ear. p utile In advane
Te nil feretxn reunifies one (11) dollar a month
Nene Subacrlbera -lhlnr Address change!
must civ old as well n nmv addrejj.
HEM.. S009 WALNUT
KF.Y'TOIF. MMN 1401
CTAddrttt nil rorymunicatlen.1 te 1'venlna PutHa
.facer, fmrpendriicn .s'gt(nr rhflarfelrhle.
Member of the Associated Press
THE ASSOrt ATCl) PttKfH; M ircU-ivflv en
tilled te the use fur 'epuMlisafewi of nil t ei
Uttatches credit et te it or net nttirruac cr-'iflted
-n (.( pafc-, nnd at-i fS local iter puMi-Ac I
therein. .Ill riphti of rrtnibUeattnn of apfitful
Htpatchei herein are also mned.
rhllidflpMi, TiiMdir, Urremkrr U. 19:3
THE JAIL PROBE
SOMI peeple believe that n jnll should be
solely for "ruthless punishment," jut hi
some people Mill insist Hint thr earth U
flfit nnd that uny en ww, In the name f
enllghtennient or progress nr bimple legii'.
venture1) te doubt the pi'rfpeiien of accepted
institutions of law, education, politics or
public administration. i- a heretic nnd a
traitor rhe ought te be burned at the .-take.
Tlie flnt-enrther.s have had met te de
nntll new with the direction of prison
systems. They have frightened off with
charges of sentimrntnllsm every one who
iet that the jnils were about 100 years be
hind the times and ventured te say se.
The question new is net one that need be
bastd upon considerations of iiuti j or com
passion. The Crand Jury that bn been
ordered te leek Inte Ilelmesburj; and Moya Meya
menslng mny leek at the mutter in a ruldly
practical light nnd male its re uinmenda uinmenda
tlens nccerdinglj .
It will hear innumerable .ihhis. It ni'I
be required te put me.t of It piet!in.s t
men who have become hardened and cj meal
through contact with criminals and un
fortunates. In the end it will only hate
te decide whether the community is justi
Hed In expending vast ums of money an
nually In order that It may have te provide
larger nnd larger appropriation of money
for protection against the wrecks and des
peradoes manufactured by the. hundred i'l
MUMMERS AT FEVER HEAT ,
INDICATIONS that the Mdmniers" cir- (
nival this M-ar w,ll number mere tlui'i i
'.", 000 participants illustrate the marhed
reviTnl of interest in this llaerful local
e)Tent since the lean years of the war period.
Evidences were net wanting last New
Tear's Day that artistic imagination as well
as the long-recognized assets of social and
political batlre were inspiring the unique
exhibit. The intense rivalry of the dubs
new engaged in putting the finishing teufheM
mi twelve months of preparations is in full
Although rigid seerecj prevails ein-ert in
the sppclitl features- ,uicl h n.'ii nnw1t'.e,
applicalleii formalities ar the flu Hall
jiflp disclesei) i he lai-t that string 'lamU ,
will be prctent in unwonted ubuudiiiict; en '
.rnnunry 1, Uit!."!.
These organizations have before new pro pre
rldel their quota of piquancy te the fes
tivities. An erehestiu en the march is
KUfliciently unconentiennl te appeal te the
mumming temperament which finds an outlet
in the 1'hiludelphia spectacle that is only
superficially nkln te the Mardi (jras "f New
Orleans or the Ulvlera.
The local disp'av is seldom In, ,inj in
factors el riiiilntne-. oddity ,md dijllneine
nes whi'h b'trin independent initial e.
RECORD FOOTBALL CROWDS
THi; pepula'Mn ei Nrwnlj. ( ,,it serine
able total n lemparaiive sMti-tii",, i.ini
be convenient! emplejed te emphasize tin
nppeal of rellegtj football in this com cem
munlty. Mere than four t.mes the number of in
habitants of the State, of which Carvn
City is the capital, attended the gridiron
contests this autumn in the new stadium nr
J'ninUlIn Kleld. The spectators numbered
efid.OOO, a figure large enough te relieve
even Neinda of its customary dutle.-, slnpn
the inhabitants of Wyoming. l"tnh, Nj
Mexico nnd Delaware, respc, nrei.i . amount
te less than this total.
Since it is the rule te tag a "lossen" or
interpretatlnti te compiled (jgnre-. n inv
be said In this instnme that foeth.ul patron -Hge
in Philadelphia lin- niin- ie menu some,
thing mere than , gimi p,,iiu.ii- e'iij ,,tu .n, .n,
le one ur two big gnii.es. 'I'l,,- iirst inntevr
uf the season nt I'miiklm 1 i. III dieu i;c,((cje
spectnteis. which a decide ;i:,, v.. mid l'me
lepreseiitcd a remark.ible Thunk-gn .ng Day
Tlie seinciNlint dis'uilnnj quest inn which
jnay occur te the I nhersit Athletic As
sociation is whether the vastly inerensc-d hc.
i ommedatlons at the stadium are lnrge
enough. Tlie attendance nt. the Cernell uml
Army-Nmy games was numerically lili-nti
al, ,VI,t0(i tiu'htlj ii'iirescnting the capaciti
of the stands. It was the result nf pl.y-ic.il
Uniilntleiis of the menu that ew-n greater
crowds wire net present .
A GOOD LAW FAILS
UNDER the decision b which the .su.
preme Court of the United States yes
lerdHy drastically limited the applieatieii 0f
the Keliler Mine Clave Law of Pennsylvania
jie public or privute pieperty uheie grutiiul
in the anthracite mine indels of tins state
may be considered whellv safe and no publl.
or private Improvements of hind can be
fissured against the disaster of a e,ue.n.
The Kehler law was passed mil, after
iiornietis losses hail been itilllcteil en
property owners by the ruthless umlei tn'iiin-
of their cniuiiu. M Is net unusual in some
jmrls of reunsjhniiia le see ast gaps in the
earth where houses and even public buildings
have been swallowed. The normal develop
ment of cities like Wllkes-Ilarre and
Hcrnnten bus been hindered for generations
liy fear of mine ciues. In niiiuj parts of
j the State men have worked for years in
build homes only te see the earth open nnd
few-allow nil that they had te show for their
Many lessee's of coal ilghis iusisieei, tnn,
the Kehlcr law was passed, en ihclr right
te take coal where it they found it. even
if by "stripping" the last remaining plllurs
t'ley endangered lift; und properly ou the
t-urfnee, The decision of the Supreme Court
Hlltnlns the claims of these lessees te all
coal Jn aveus covered by contract and seems
, tu, limit the rlglUa of properly owners of the
1 iirdlnary efiiss te the Mirface of the gre und
rjiaeej, uiitiiraclteryeins run lu crratlu
lines nnd since mining progresses uceerdlng
fe cost schedules nnd demand, ninny commu
nities in tlie anthracite regions will new be
without the protection for which they waited
ninny year. The passage of the Kehlcr law
wiih lmhllcly celebrated In Scrunten. The
reversul, en Icgilistle greundH, of a liciicn
cent principle will he regretted In every
mining town and city In the State.
A CALM VOICE IN THE
MIDST OF THE STORM
Secretary Hoever's Sane Discussion of
American Individualism Timed
TIIKRi: is n fortunate coincident? in the
publication of a thoughtful discussion
of American individualism in a little book
by Herbert Hoever en the Mime day that the
convention of the American Tarm Vedera
t ten assembles In Chicago.
Mr. Hoever's book is net directed par
tietilarlj at the 1'arm llureau. It Is di
rected at the mlvcnnipptlnn of the funda
mentals of the American theory that is at
the bottom nf a number of sii,di organim erganim organim
tiefs seeking special taveis from (iovcrn (ievcrn
tnent. The Secretary of Commerce refers le
the growth during the last thirty jeavs of
organizations for the advancement et Ideas
et mutual io-eperalion, organizations, in
i biding Chamber-' of Commerce, trade nnd
labor associations, bankers and fnrmer.s.
And he remarks that the opportunities for
leadership afforded by these associations have
become of mere importance than these
through ie direit lines of political nnd ve
ligimis orutuz:itten. Then he warns us
that il ilusp baileis dominate lcyislu'ers
and inlim.dnti' publli eliicials, if they are
te be a new setting of tyranny, then they
Kill destroy the foundation et Individualism.
Here is what he sajs of that individu
alism, the foundations of which he would
like te maintain : "Our individualism em
braces these great ideals: That while we
build our society upon the attainment of the
individual we shall fafeguard te every In
dividual an equalltj of oppertunlly te take
that position In the ceiiimunit) te which his
Intelligence, diameter, ability nnd ambition
entitle him; that we kei-p the social solution
free from frozen strata if classes; that we
stimulate effort of e.ii It indie id.ml te
achievement; that through an enlarging
sense of responsibility und understanding
we shnll assist him te this attainment:
while he in turn must stand up te the
emery wheel of competition."'
This is geed American doe trine staled in
straightforward language. It is the udvent
for the problems with whMi the eeuntry is
new struggling. The fatal elefe, t in the
plans of the federation ef 1'arr.i Hurra in
and of the farm bloc, through which the
federation is seeking te work in Cmigrc-.
Is that they involve legislation for special
classes without regard te the re.-t of the
country. It is the same defect that has
damned the activities of ether organizations
ef special interests which have sought spe
cial favors through a combination of sub
servient Congressmen. The earlier combi
nations wer' net called blocs, merely be
cause that word had net yet come into use
The ceuntrj nnds itself lern belveen the
emending organizations- of sp,,ial Interest-.
The farm organizations are fighting the rail-'
reads unci the mdreacN are lighting the
lnber organizations and th ( hamher- ,,f
Commerce are lighting labor and the rail
roads and the farmer". And their leaders
are issuing orders te the members of the
national Legislature, and the members of
the national Legislature, fearful of their
political lives, de net knew which way te
Legislation may be drsiinhie te in-uie
equal. iv et opportunity te the member" of
the various organized gre ips. Km j1 mtist
he i.gi-!i.tinn. the prmiarv purpose of
m1i.iI go,--, bej.e.d the sp-ii.l group wl... I,
asks 'ei it unci tic, into noenm the gen
eral geed. 'I he situation become- iiiteleiaii.e
wh'-n the agents of an.v group sit In the
gallery of the Heuse of Iteprcscntuuws ami
held step watches en the Representative., te
see that the laws which they demand aie
pa-seel before their ultimatum expires. If
is intolerable also when a bloc In either the
Heue nr the Senate' holds up all e'her
legislation until the bills conferring special
privileges upon a group are passed.
Till- is net representative government Tt
is thinlj disguised tyranny of the worst
kind, the tj ninny of n minernj taking ad
vantage of a situation whi. . gne i,, ,.
Tic gospel which Mi He.er: pi, ;,mi-
1, net tie w . I'c'l' i's ef I g fiil'n -I ii.
time is terttinutc. 1' e.igiit ., hr-nj ip
with a round turn le etien im v no arc a'
bottom Americans and -et iliein te Thinking
about the course en l.n ii iIkv h.-i un
wittingly ff', 0'l(- Taut it 'vill de -e ,it
enee is tcje mucn te expe.-f, f,.r n :, i m siuie
nice talking in tne midst of clamor ej.ies
net carrv ler.i far. A lew nn-n nearest
the speaker it. h i hear i'. but the n,a-s,
ilenfeiieel bj the ! unii.ll .Mid the e'liiiier. c.,e-s
net ciitih n verel of i- it tle ihiiikmg
men will read M' ..erer's lit i.- he.,1,, .mil
jiencb r ii 'be leu-en i'ii vnrl aid .f it
liil'.et.- 'In wl.nli lump 'i '.'i' Ink ! i', ud
.ie v ith i entident hope
KLUX FIRST AID
llir.Ri: is one way in win. h Waslunglen
officials tc'petisitjlc ter dry law en-
ferceiiient can instantly bring the whole
bu-iliess of prohibition te irrepariihh ruin
and repudiation by the cemtn, and that Is.
hy letting It be known that the ure inIt
iiig or accepting aid of any s,t fr,,Ui the
Ku Klus Klan or any of its agents.
The suggestion of Klu i o-eperaiinn with
the representative "f the enforcement divi
sion is persistentli c'lireiit. Spcikesmeii for
Commissioner lliiyiies deny that it hns any
foundation In truth, though ihev admit that
"some of the agents of the department mny
have sought information said te be In pos
session of the Ku Kliu heaelquarlera in
Thus far the outrageous implication that
the Government of the United Stnte.s is
forced te seek the help of II 'higher power"
te Insure the operation of its own Iinvs has
net brought from any elllclal iuiirni' the
crushing denial It wnrtatil.. It i- the elear
intent mil ccf the propagandists of Imperial
Wizard Simmons' eirgnnlzntlecii te persuaee
the people that the authority ef the lien
eminent can be sustaineel In this Instance
only with thu assistance of the Khm, Te
suppose that any responsible agent of the
Federal Government would tolerate this lin lin
nllcatien or vlv It without dissust nnd
-violent rtsentment is te admit that tb
boosters of the Atlanta mnsk factories hnve
actually renllrcd their beast nnd created lu
the United Slates nn Invisible empire whose
representatives have It In their power te
exert u force In public affairs greater than
that which belongs normally te the officers
of the lievernmcnt and the administrators
of Pederal departments.
Mr. Daugherty denies that tlie Ktj Klux
is being permitted te old the enforcement
officers. Se does; the chief of the Depart
ment of Justice operatives. Hut Mr. Dough
erty has admitted en previous occasions that
he did net knew what was going en In 'ninny
leelens where the prohibition agents nre nt
liehind the suggestion of Kit Klux med
dling in the work of prohibition enforcement
theie Is clearly apparent the work of some
of the shrewdest plepagandists of the Sim
mons organization. There Is here revealed
a deliberate effort te draw into the Ku Klux
liimemcnt some of the church organizations
which, sincerely convinced of the justice nnd
wisdom of the Velstead principle, are dis
appointed nt its failure thus far and gravely
concerned bj reports of u gejternl lessening
of re.spcc t for law.
It mny be that the rumors new in circu
lation arc manufactured by the press agents
of Wizard Simmons, If that Is the case,
they should be branded nt once as lies by,
the people who are' best nble le answer
them. Illusions and d-ulals by Implication
will net de.
JOHN WANAMAKER. when he was still
n youth, brought te the then neglected
and spiritually barren field of retail com
merce net only a qunlitv of creative genius
but the deep-rooted geed intentions with
out which no constructive enterprise of these
limes may be assured of u satisfying end or
the moral Mippert necessary even te sutvlval.
Te de a great thing is net quite enough.
The influence of a man or of an institution
will be mensurcil Inevitably, and its chanccB
of growth and permanence will be fi-scd by
the degree te which it radiates within the
circle of all Its human contacts n share of
the benefits accumulated nt its source. This
principle, though it still awaits explicit
definition, is swiftly becoming the guiding
rule in quarters where American business Is
most vital utiel prosperous.
An Instinct for frankness anil fair play
and a well-developed esthetic sense were
Mr. Wnnninaker's lirst contributions te the
mercantile life nf his community. He
appeared with his novel equipment of niluil
at a time when trnde moved according te
inles that had undergone but little change
since the days of rough-and-ready tribal
barter. Much has been made of his genius
as mi advertiser. Hut it was what he
advertised that ic-ally mattered. Fer he
began with a genuine desire te be of service
te the people who dealt with him in a busi
ness way and te consider their interests ns
we", -is his own.
Hrielly. the Wiinaii.akr idej was that
l.ii. ii,esS i uiilel and should be something mere
than buslnes-s In the mind of the great
merchant himself iheie nppents te have
been a feeling that business could l" a sejguce
nnd, perhaps, an art and. perhaps, in the
end, u sort of enlightened cc.-oreratien for
esthetic and humanitarian ends. He rec rec
ognizee early the social responsibilities that
belong naturally te any great industrial
enterprise. He saw no reason why business
should encourage the destructive quality of
ugliness or v by it should be confuses! and
i.-tardicl by any lingering mucs of the
f c einiereia! iliheiiet.
Having cvperimetitcil nnd jreiieered with
these belie! s and having wagered heavily
upon them at the beginning venturesome
divetsiens in a time which viewed such
theories with doubt and distaste Mr.
Wananinker lest no opportunity and spared
neither trouble nor expense te carry his Idea
vividly ferward: te give it larger feepe and
te elemenstrate Mint n gieat modern busi
ness should have i lu- dignity ns well as some
of the responsibilities of n public institution.
This work-, stimulating as it was te the
thought '" .iii 1'ieri'haii's. served also te
em -.ir.-.se a general a) lire -.atien of beauty
in piiet.cil t'i legs. It begun a levolutieil
toward gnu IcnisnesS in business methods,
which, in liner yeai-, went beyond the
bounds of the United States te Euiepe.
This is still a continuing pmees-. It tends
te show that commerce can actunlly be of
.mlles service te high abstractions nnd
that it can be aristocratic in the truest
sense by being tee proud te be wholly selfish.
Vew and then nt regular intermit there
appear in this country n few men who,
unspoiled by tee much preliminary educa
tion and inn I'd by inherited instine-t mysteri
ously related le America"- beginnings, Deem
like the voices, of the s,,,i irself and of all
e ir undent qualities .if iniul and lnirt.
Such men may be gallnniii !i..r.e or merely
i..lsli- in ceiirng in b'gh faith. They
tun be glorified by beautiful neeluliiy or
whipped along by n" inherent p.'iss",en for
justice or moved bv pure gen. i-. They muke
mistakes, but their mistakes ate always en
the right siele. They ate the most romantic
and significant figure's ei each generation.
Such n mnn is Edisen. And such a man
is 1'erd. AViituimnker was one of the gieup.
He was. during all his life, a believer in
the unlimited power of the lesser virtues.
Hener unci gneiel vull and klndiiesa among
men would, he seems te have felt, hnve been
enough te remedy all the Ills of the earth.
The liemllie's he vi lete in the upper corner of
his daily advertisements leiculed ,i scnsi scnsi
tiveliccss'ef feeling nnd perception seldom te
lie feunel in men who unve the nurd stamina
necessary te survival against the impacts of
a life-long business enreer. They were
reussertiens of old and appealing mid -eery
simple rules of life, of great principles that
lire becoming unfashionable because' they
aren't ceinplb'atcel or debatable und because
the- are almost loe true te be itilercstiug te
nn excited age.
J'roef of H" baffling variety f Mr.
"Wanamnkcr'.s chnruetcri-tics U in the fad
that, while be cenibl write in this vein he
could nlne. in a few months, shake the
Vosteffice Department out of the accumu
lated lethargy of feneratiens ami almost nt
Mtreke lncreae its efficiency by about ."0
per cent. We should have had " posteffiee
telegraphs if the weight of pelltli'al Influence
had net ben tee powerful in opposition te
him while he was in I In it i't Cabinet.
In relation te public affair.- ami in nil
work of chai-Hy Mr. W.inainiikei- did flne
ntiel delibciiitdy inconspicuous service te the
community. His challenge's te pelltleul
eerrupibmistH were among the inest forceful
of bis time. Hut it is ns "the world's great
est merchant" that he will be reraemberrd.
Ills career may be haid te hnve been a
trluiiuib. of goeel will,
' . -i
THIS WASTEFUL PEOPLE
But Sometimes What Seems Waste la
Nothing of the Sert Pawnbrokers
und Prohibition The Ileal
Estate Beard's Werk
By GEORGE NOX McCAIN
AS THE express whirled Inte the deepen,
lng night thee came .. red flash- of fire
from the rail s-lde through the window of the
An instant Inter nnethcr and then nn nn
et her reddened the faces of the passengers
eji that fddc of thu train.
. A quiejk glance showed glowing beds nt
"We're the most wasteful people in the
world." snid n man te hi? companion.
"There's :i sample of It, these piles of
burning Hen," hP continued.
"Finest kindling, or weed for an open
hre. that Is possible te get.
"Vet the railroad burns 'em up regard
less of the fact that there arc tens of thou
sands of people iu Philadelphia suffering for
lack of fuel.
"It's an Infernal outrage," he snorted ns
he dropped buck Inte the Wldu concavity of
his Pullman car chair.
TTIS, vis-n-vis was nn efficiency engineer
who had formerly been n railroad su
pervisor en a big Eastern line.
"Think heV" he inquired nonchalantly.
"Sure, didn't you sec It for yourself V"
"Yes. Hut you don't knew what veu'ie
talking nbeut,'' nnd the E. E. grinned.
"Held en. new," and the efficiency sharp
huld up n restraining hnnd as the ether was
about te break out afresh.
"That's geed business for the read te
burn these ties."
Anether snort of doubt, disapproval and
disgust from the would-be philanthropist.
"Let me explain." went en the ether.
"Yeu are new twenty-six miles from Phila
delphia. De you fancy it would par the
read te gut,her up these old ties, lead 'cm
en a train, hutil them Inte the city and fell
them for five cents apiece?"
"Give them te the people along the
lead!" retorted the ether.
"Oh, yes! Have Tem. Dick nnd Harry
nnd his wife feeling along the company
right-of-way, get knocked ever by a train,
nnd then have the read spend several hun
dred dollars for lawyers In a lawsuit."
"Haul them te the nearest town nnd offer
themfer Nile there."
"Yep! And then the people would pick
out the best, pay a nickel Apiece for them
and leave the rotten or soggy ones en the
company's hands," was the u-plv.
MTT'S all bct!ii tried out," said the effi-
"The schemes you suggest are net prac
ticable. It's n losing game for the railroad
te try te dispesp of its old tie.-, although I
grant they make grand fireweed, because
they are oll-reaked.
"They've given thern away, but In theso
cases the work train had te haul them te a
crossing and pile them up away from the
track where the people could get them.
"It costs the company nbeut fifteen cents
apiece for each tie te tic that trick.
"Hum 'em. Get 'em out of the wav
quickly and you're through with thtm." he
"TO YOU knew anything about railroad
--' ties? (if course you don't," con
tinued the e -supervisor.
"They cost originally, new, about ninety
ccnls or 1 apiece.
"White oak, red oak, black oak. yellow
pine nnd some ether weeds arc used.
"White oak lasts nbeut nine jcars If It is
left natural that In, If it hasn't been treated
"That means a bigh-prcihtire bath nf
creosote or ether chemicals. It then lasts
for from sixteen twenty years, if net
ruined by a cutting ml.
"from eighteen te twenty cre'S ties nre
used in every thlriy-threc l'eet of v stand
ard section ej main line.
"The greatest pressure comes en that por
tion of the rail resting en the ties. It runs
from 110,000 te SO.OOO pounds, according te
"There is a replacement every venr of
approximately ".."O tics te u mile.
"During the war the railroads paid from
.?- te 52.50 n idece for ciets ties.
"Most of them came from the Seuth."
Then silence fell between the pair.
A CURIOUS sidelight en the effects of
" prohibition in Philadelphia has de
veloped. At a luiifheen reeenilv where half a
de.en business and professional men wcte
gathered, one of them said :
"I had a tall, with a friend of mine who
js a en wealth, pav.nl i-eker.
"He c,wns several of the-c establishments
in the i it ,
"He told me, in reply le a (picstlen. that
prohibition had made a very definite imprest
en his business.
"And. he added, as we nil knew, the
pawnbreking business is n pretty geed
barometer of the general condition of busi
ness nnd of the people."
his gentleman, "there are mere
denizens of the undervveild cempelleil te
pawn ineir xurs nnu jeweirv new than was
the case before prohibition vve'iir into effect.
"This indicates a condition of poverty en
their part, nt least, wlin!i m turn I'ldicute
n reduction in lite number of habitues ec
"I!est of nil." he xnid, ' i 'ic i r were fewer
nrtlele-s of clothing, pei'i'ibli. t'jrnitiiie and
hoii'i'lielel goeels pa wind In u. pouter
e'li.-es than ecr before n hit xperience.
"It was a sour f .-iiisi.n i;,,,, (u j,j,n'
That class of trade ,. t,0 priMucr of
evtrenie want und beside- it isn't prel!,ibe.
"The sumo is true ,t werkmgmen'h lend...'
Very few of them lire puvvncil nevvadaysi
which shows t lin t unemplejiupin js nt j,
"And lie attributed the change te the nil
ent of prohibition."
JYf A. KELLY, who is e,r. nine 'e.-tetarv
1M of the Philadelphia Ite-il Estate I!,,a'rd
has given me some cempri'him.hi. (nn abeut:
that organization's! acilvnie i behalf of ,.
worth-while Scsqui-Ccntcnni.il i-ch-bunien
The facts, some of which ,,. known te
the public, prove that the bard i, sonic
Here Is u brief catalogue of i,. ihines
this great organization has pm er;
When the matter of an e vpesiti,,,, (H
lirst breached the heard lunl made c(,r,,, f
thousands of fenls shaped l,n j,MP, v
Hell, which have gene te all pnits 0f ihe
world during the last two years
Thev also distributed thousand- ,,f j,,,,
tens, particularly- at isuneiitii,s , ,(1 v
lieiml Association of ie-nl Enm,. l;1J,Mlis
held ;,i KnnMH Cit In isise. ciiii.-,", in
lli'Jl and Han I-rnncsce in lie".
Last siliumei- iney sent nr. ( atiel, ,PM
City Statistician, en a tnlit. -d.n loui-acres-,
thu eeiilllieiit te and fiem Sim Crai,, ,., ,, ...
speak en the expos-ltieli.
Dr. Cnttell spoke ut mun.v nic.irranee.l
meetings In vurleiis cities and ad.,esse,
large crowds from the obsenailen ,..ir 0( tJj(
trnl"' ,, , ., ..
He also nddresseel the San I r.-mcis,,, ,.,
entlen of the National Association of ij 'i
ENlnte Heards en the .subject ,,f (. '.J
position. , ,, , .
Over the beard s biiliiiartei-s. nj,. ... .
nut stn-el. theret has been a ,,rge K (
the liif-t yeai' boosting the i-.peHliei,.
1E Cellilllllten of ,f., ie, !. ,
Till, I VII . "Ud il.,isS
iirganlzallens, eenipeisfd of iUll repre
sentnllves from u niiiuher eMi-.idin hii.inPM
nnd civic orgaul.aliens of ihe ,n,, ,.
eluding the ( number of ( euiuicne, WHh
Thnt romiulttec hhiiuU muy e ro-eporalo
nny wy b inlnjite ther are usknl bv
P HiuM'entrnniHl Afsocintten te de M,
Ami Hits motie of this Hum oiwuuyutfeu it,:
"Vus a CJveiter una Uuttcr Ultr."
Am J Kmw mmmmmm
VHBeL.eS TK' eVMeeeHeHHiHBibfr?,r!,V'
Jmmmmmm .mmmWmmmmmmmmWmmmmmmmmm. f J9&kM tV Jr v 1eMmmmm
JHUUwKi mTmmm)mmmmWZmmmmmmWwmmmmmL. ivyVeyf J J w mrmUmR
i T5irV.Clk. df 1 w VJ'T Qe3AvKmQkVHvL 1?. fc. mmmmmmmmmMMiim'Z. "--jJt -
J 4 i ' n e, .. i h,a ''nHWfcejWeHBiflBWWprr jJlPg mWmmm- sisi" -wm
Cervr.sl.t. l'J2i. br Tublle Lc3i7r CemuatiT
NOW MY IDEA IS THIS!
Daily Talks With Thinking Philadelphians en Subjects They
LEONARD B. GARY
On Hew the Government Helps
THE Government of the United States is
playing n large nnd ever-increasing part
in helping the; American business man find
markets for his product, according te Leon Leen
ard R. Uary, manager of the Philadelphia
dislric t office.' of the Hurcau of Uerelgn nnd
Demestic Commerce; of tie Department of
"This is the one ngemy designated by
Congress te promote the expert ttade of the
United States," said Mr. llary. "Otter
agencies ele it incidentally, but it is our
whole function. AVe have no powers et re
straint, centiul or p: esccutlnn ; this is the
business man's organization within the tiov tiev
eminent. .Mayer Moere "Was l'irst Chief
"The bureau was established nbeut eight
een i ears age as the Hurcau of Mnnufac
tines' under the Department of Commerce
and Laber, aid the present Mayer of Phila
delphia. .1. Hampton Moere, was the tn-st
chief at Washington. The bureau l)i been
ciilui-gcil and reorganized several limes, the
Inst time most effectively by Secretary
He.i er. until ii is today- one of the most
efle't've trade orguiiizueietis In the vverlel.
"We have abroad about 1000 represen
tatives consisting el commercial and trade
commissions and e eusiils. All nre practical
investigators, and most of them hnvn been
business executives, taken from excellent
positions in the business world nnil ap
pointed en the recommendation of business
men and trade organizations.
In order te get the best results there
must be intelligent direct Inn and nn effec
tive dls.rlliutlen of the material lellected.
Mr. Hoever added te the department what
are ..ilk-el cenim. clitics divisions. There tire
'.vinteeu el them, and each one represents
n ma'c-r industry in the United States.
Each ".f the main divisions has subdivisions
(., tike care nf I he allied Interests of the
major ind.i My .
Pr-ai Ileal Men Employ id
"At ihe heiiel of eiieh et these illusions is
n practical man both fiem the technical und
tl-e distributing end and one who knows
both the production and the snle.s sides of
the industry. Each one of thctn Ins been
appointed em the recommendation nf u trade
association lepresenting his own line. There
was no polities in these appointments.; a
steel man wni i liuseii te represent the steel
Indiistrv, and he was the sidee-llen of the
steel men themselves, (if e nurse, each one
hud te pnss the i'iil service examinations
unci te inee'i the rccpiircnienlh of the depart
ment, but the men whom he was te serve
ami met the politicians vveie the ones euni
Miltcel u'ceut ihe appointment.
These commodity chiefs work with the
vaiieus ussei unions und individuals le finil
eiit iust what they waul te knew about e-en-ditiJus
in foreign trade In this particular
line. Tlie.v Ktiel a questionnaire te about
,"ili0 'manufacturers and get the Mens of each
in black ami v niic v neu me iiicmiec
nnires are analyzed they outline un Iniesti--ntien
le be carried en by the foreign repre
sentnties. which is marie us. practicable us
is humanly possible. Thus, in the last
niinlysis. be business men themselves con
duct' thin service und net the buienuerats.
"There lire al-e rcgiennl or geographical
division', 'lhes ascertain the underlying
conditions of the various trades, i conemlc;
conditions, racial likes and dislikes,, etc..
There me four of these great divisions te
take cine et these things, and the regional
chief is net only a business man of rceug
ni7eel ability, but he is also uu economist
und a geographer.
"He subdivides his division. West En
tope, for I'xnmple, is subdivided Inte the
Reinunce countries. Scandinavia, the British
i,l,'s etc . with an able mini In charge of
eadi nibdhb-len te nscerlnlu nil the busl
n0s4 factors iibicb must be cen-ldeivel be
any ai'l'lUI liusincss e-iin in- nunc.
Tlie ie. hnlciil division takes e-nie eif
such uiiillei-s as foreign luilffs, chaiigeN In
thctn laws mid everything- pertaining In
them, and like subjects which It Is imper
ative' for the American business man te knew,
before lin can enter foreign trade success.
fullv. Our foreign tariff division la the only
Meiifce of absolutely authoritative tariff iu iu iu
formatien In tlm United States, nnd h se
irceglllZCel H.V I"- ion.-e.il i"iii.iiiiir nei,..,
which frecmently i)L "P"" ter inferma-
"S. O. S., P. D. Q.!
tlen, ns they deal with the Government and
net with the business men.
"The Department of Commercial Law is
another exceedingly- helpful department te
the American manufacturer, Hnd the men in
this department ure net only business men
but lawyers ns well. It is doubtful if tiny
library in the United States has the books
containing these hiws, but the business men
must have some place where- they can get
this Information, end .hi deportment gives
it te them.
"This department also Iiik done much In
the iiihitralleu of commercial disputes und
has had a tendency le slop foreign litiga
tion regarding commercial transactions,
which nre always expensive und rarely satis
factory te cither side in the dispute,
"T'i,p 1'"r,,"u of "euuncrcinl Intelligence
compiles lists of possible purchasers ull ever
the world. This is nn extremelv valuable
service and the; ll-ts are at the ilispesul of
every heiia-fide American business mini who
desires them. This information. nft- it is
collected abroad, gees te the tight division
in Washington for analysis bv experts le
avoid any possible error in the lists r iu
tie iniotmntien. The lists all. distributee!
lireugh the dlstrl.t offices or published in
I euiuicrre Reports.
The Nanus nf Buyers
"Tin- men winking abroad tiNe s,.im m i.,e
names of M'ereign Trade OppurMiiiiii'
When n merchuiit abroad wants le bin ""
article or u commodity he generallv gtn'lnte
touch with our representative. Tne pros
pective purchaser is then looked up . uefullv
as te his iiiiancial respenslbilitv, s0 that
each prespee'in.. byer b vouched for
In these cases we de nef give the names
et the preespeeiive purchaser, but enlv u
umber, vv-.th tl,,, Ulul of anMp ,- 'j ,
he mnn i.s , the IIinr.et. .Then the Am" 'i
can manutactuier or dealer wnies , , s
a e, such and ,., number and is given
nun J' f1!'.f",'",",",,1,hy lm,il- ""ludlug the
inline of the ,i,jld be nurchiisei .
une et I'icMasena. w,v t)1P names of the
cuq.ei-tuiut ie.'',,,-,. et'p,iblIshe.l ii be"'-m'e
If ';mpeiiti of ether nations. , i
would get ,s, ,. . . ,.,:,"';'
own people leuld ,-e.lct te the if,,n Z
Keeping .Seller.s Pe-tisl
,,,,,. , , ' e. "'" "" "I Tin- tuifls ,, I
'" te h- ii,, m foreign commies, as t"
the best inethaii t paeking and all deViih,
ccte-.einpetitieu. prices, etc. "'
""or '""1 I- given US te the limn.
n-,,,,.,, have ,ec,ed very farf't
lien Greet is coming back in ci,i
t..v with another cempan y of pi uP?,0l,l,I
th"-'- li member 1,1, Ins iTu'wiiM.,
glad te gieei lien. ll "'" be
A pel feil brute once kid(ei ., ,"
And broke lis Utile leg
I'ben.iiiers,. straight slip-,,,,,,
, Ami every liiird-belled (....
henl lellers te tl,,. papers "R,.s,. ...
And smote that P11V t(l ,','
1 hey boiled the perfee, brtlle III ihhsI.
And icrve the fdlew right. I"UM--
A young i.e.,,,. isn,j ,ny ))Uf n
I ill one peer Us bei-ausn
A deg it (sometimes ,.,,,-eless ,n.
And vvhe.e and when It "elm.!,.
Ah. here s a chati.-e le ,-ra. k a nut
I en lettei-willers get.
ANC'II, perhaps .he.,',, wrlll.-ll e,1N ,
We haven I seen them yet. '
The i- a son is s pin ,. wll(,
A . all (he lacls we seail ;
A boy s a nilsclilef. milker, while
A df'g s the friend 0f num.
Am when a kindly canine stuns
le chew wee fellows up,
Vi knew the klel.lles-hress their heart-
Ate meant for hungry pups. ""'
f G. A.
is ii purpose el tie erguin.m,,,, in
"'" the imiudual en e.gani mi0 ' f, .
e feel t ha the Inneau is net enlv ,, BTa
b.-sj.ess ,,.,, , obtain the s,.n . , '
by the eleparlmen, thl. Ill0., ' ' d
able maun,,,-. .n,IIM , ,,, , ' mi -i;ess
man does net have te uu te v . i lM"
f.u-.his,n,er,i,a.i,,n no twUt V.;'?',0,'1
le a b-iier i t,,,t (,it,' ""' '"" a eply
ailing en the h! eV 1,' '..i"'!, 3et jt by
ellin! Iii person." ' ' h 'll
Harrisburg is te knew oenscrvation of
Efferts te Mabillze the German mirk
appear e be a horse en the Allies.
Jeffersen en horseback is no mere
democratic than Plnchet sans brocaded
"Ku Klux Klensman Appears in Brook
lyn Pulpit." His text was net "Leve Your
It may be that the complexion of the
new Congress will be no mere changed than
the disposition of the President toward it.
German manufacturer are making but
tons out of cement. Which reminds us that
it is n long time since the butteumakir
pulled u bone.
There are times when a peace-loving
world may welcome a conspicuous lack of
agreements, ns, for instance, in the case
of Ismet and Tretzky.
Of course, every Congressman realizes
that when General Dawes seid there were
eewnrds and demagogues in Congress he
meant the ether fellow.
A hundred and ninety million dell, is
weie sad through Chrl-tinns clubs 'I s
year. Santa ( luti- is going te have no
double filling stockings,
i Cursory examination of reparation di--
c-ussjen indicates thnt liwmnnr. iliu-l.iriiK
lh.it Prance can't get bleed out' of turnip-,
refuses te provide the turnips.
"Rise. Surtax!" cried King Kitclun.
"Down, deg, down!" cries Chamberlain
Mellen, ler the Secretury sees n dry bone
which seemed ull meat te the Coogrc.J Ceogrc.J Coegrc.J
man. Deputy fuel administrators have re
ceived authority in New Yerk te raid tli"
cellars of householders suspected of having
mere than u month's, supply of anthracite,
niils. added te the powers already exei-e-lsed
b piohiliitieii enforcement officers
mnl.es it increasingly diflieult for a cellar
te hole its own.
What De Yeu Knew?
Who i.j the; (Jovemer General of North Nerth
Why Is (i font of type se callee!"
Iilstlnfrulsli between ewe and ewer
what are Kroemen?
Wbnt animals an prtmatew?
What Ureelc poetess, famous In ancient
times, died at the age of nineteen"
w no was Manlteu in American IndUn
Jjmt is tin original meaning of Eden?
who was Homenlee Ulilrlandrtje?
V,U is the chief Turkish delegate) at (lit
Answers te Yesterday's Qui.
The nations signatory te tlm Pour
Power Pacific Treaty are the United
Mates, Great Britain. Japan and
! ranee. The last named Is the only
ene of these Powers which htm net
yet ratified the pact.
The M.irenltes are , Svrlan Christina
sct. dwelling principally in the Let)
anon, where Its members number some
200,010, It In, however, represented
else liore In yru i,Ila- jn ljg-ypt und
In the Pulled States.
I'lmres i.s it term for a Huhtheuse or
bi-uceii. The eilginnl rhares was the
f milium llghthqtise en tlie Island of
that niime lu the Uny of Alexandria
l.Kypt. In the third century II. C. U
was ucoeiinteil ene of the seven won wen
el -rs of tlm world.
Nacre Is mother-of-pearl.
An Anncreontle poem I.s one, pertaining
te or In inuntier like- th lyrics of
Anncreen. a liruck poet, born in tliei
sixth century H. r. The word la ap
plied te verses of nn amatory or con
The City of Asteria, Ore., In named after
Ihe original Jehn Jacob Aster? who
established a fur-trading station tlier
In mil. It hub the first settlement la
lite Columbia Ither Vnlbev.
The Klaul tirll-H of the Galapagos !
lilinlH, In the Pacific, elf ihe coast of
Ecuador, al-e teguirteil us the lengesi
lived of nnltnalH, Seme of them an
teelleveil le have altuliicd thu ng') "'
J 00 years,
Tlie longest aqueduct In tlm world is lb
V a "i 'U0 "lllta, J,11)1,I,1,,P Is'0,v
Tlie Hattle ejf Theriuep lac wan faugh
In a narrow pass between TlicasalJ
nnd Greece In 480 H. O. and reault!
In n defeat of the Ureelis, und'?''
l.eeiudn-, by t' rcridnns of Neixcs
I K-nreek- ti ipci,i- .. i-s - 'iirlij,
. ill-' rV V-