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EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER
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&tfrt ey weancsusy morning,
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PublUhed Dsllr Exrept Bunilajr. Pubicrfptlen Prlee t a Tear by MaU.
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VOL. IX.-rN0. 77
JtnUnd 11 Second-':! Mttttr tt the Pontefflc t Philadelphia, Pa,
Undr the Act et March 9. 1870
. PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1922
CLEAN UP HOLMESBURG BY JAN. 1 STATE ORDERS
4 ... I ! - .. .
Jehn Wanamaker Dies at Age of 84 After Brave but Lesing Fight Against Death for Weeks, ,
pw i?7 IH7
AT HIS BEDSIDE
Native of City and Leader in
Business, Public and Re
MADE VALUABLE REFORMS
AS POSTMASTER GENERAL
Worked Hard for 1876 Centen
nial and Suggested Helding
of Sesqui Here
STORES HIS MONUMENTS
Daughters and Sens-in-Law
Watched End, Hastened by
Failure of Heart te Rally
Jehn Wanamnker died at 8 o'clock
this morning at his home, 2032 Wal
nut street. He was eighty-four
Early in the fall Mr. Wanamaker
had pneumonia, which tremendously
undermined his vitality, and was fel
lowed by a general breaking-down.
The death of the famous merchant
and former Postmaster General was
heralded by a violent coughing spell
at 5 o'clock.
After the paroxysms of coughing,
Mr. Wanamaker'a heart action be
gan failing rapidly. Mrs. Mary B,
Warburton and Bfcs. Elizabeth Mac
Leed, his daughters, were summoned
te the bedside.
Mrs. Warburton and her hus
band, Majer Barclay H. Warburton,
Director of Public Welfare, have
been living at Mr. Wanamaker's
home since his illness. Majer and
Mrs. Nerman MacLeed live nearby,
at 2000 Walnut street.
Mr. Wanamaker was unconscious
when his daughters and sons-in-law
reached his side. A grandson, Bar
clay H. Warburton, Jr., 2141 Locust
street, also was present. Werd was
sent immediately te Mr." Wana
maker's son, Redman, who is ill
himself at his home in New Yerk.
Heart Failed at tlie Last
The dying ninn's henrt would net re
spond te treatment. TIIh respiration
was barely nppnrent, and his pulse flut
A half hour after trnt first violent
coughing spell, these grouped nbeut
the hcdslrie detected n flicker of con
sciousness. Mr. Wnnnmaker's eyes
opened slowly and he seemed te rec
ognize these who were with him.
He smiled faintly, but Iio did net
speak. Then his eyes cleed nnd he
passed into unconsciousness once mere.
He was unconscious when he died.
Mr. Wanamaker wns attended by
Dr. Harvey Shoemaker, Dr. Alfred
Stengel ami Dr. William R. Qulcksnll.
When the coughing spell began, Dr.
Qulcksallvwas summoned immediately,
nnd he supervised the administration of
oxygen. He remained nt the bedside
until the end came.
The shock of Mr. Wnnnmaker's
death was nil the greater for his fum
lly becmiM' he had nppeitred cheerful
and seemed te be responding te treat
ment ns late as 11 o'clock last nWht,
the hour when Mnjer and Mis. Mac Mac
Leod left hiH bedside te return te their
Majer MacLeed wns en the steps of
Mr. Wnnnmaker's home nt S 10 o'clock,
talking with newspapermen, when sev
eral women passed.
"Hew is Mr. Wanamaker this morn
lag?" one nshed.
When Informed that he' had died n
half hour befere, the women were
Plainly deeply grieved.. A little group
gathered nt 8 :15 o'clock when an under
taker's wagon nrrhed In front of the
Old Friend First Caller
After Mr. Wunnuiiikcr'H death, the
first caller nt the lieut-c was .lehn K.
Mehr. of the Wellington, Nineteenth
nnd Walnut streets. He Is an old
friend of the- Wnmtnmker family.
Shortly after 0 o'clock n small motor metor moter
truck from Mr. Wnnnmaker's Jen Jen
klntewn estate reached the Walnut
street house. A middle-aged man car
ried a box of flowers into the house
Up te that moment he had been una
ware that the merchant hnd died. He
was an empleye at the suburban ostnte.
It was nbeut the middle of October
that Mr. Wnnnmnker eNprcsscd n de
sire te be nt his town house en Walnut
street rather than nt Ills country place
in .lenkintewn. Ills bedroom there is
en the second fleer rear, adjoining a
handsomely furnished librnrj, tilled
fM the books he loved,
In the enrly dnys of his Illness he
was nble te go from bis bcdioem te
the library, nnd he passed much of Ids
time there. He re'rend passages from
Continued en I'm Elihtrre. Column One
Why net bu Kttraer Crnn Crnn
atrrtes new? Put up tern
InIcIeui tranbtrry JelUr. An
ivtnr-misl reiub. 4dv.
4 - ..'
LATE PICTURE OF
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. 1'hoteicraph hv Doencr
This is one of the most recent photographs of the merchant and civic
leader, and was taken net long before the illness which resulted fatally
News of Merchant's Death
Came While Sales Force Was
Preparing for Business
BLINDS ARE ORDERED DRAWN
News of the death of Jehn Wana
maker wns received nt the Wanamaker
Stert today when the salespeople were
nt their pests nnd preparations
were being made for the opening of the
business day. The store did net open
for business, nor did the Ney Yerk
The bis? force was busy uncovering
nnd displnyinjc stock, in anticipation
of the holiday rush.
It wns n few minutes after 8 o'clock
when n telephone message from Mr.
Wanamaker's residence brought the
news of his death te the manager's
office. It threw the whole force Inte
Bulletins these last few days hnd
been cheerful. nrrsaKlns n commete re
cevcry. Though no one hnd expected
te see Mr. Wannmnker's familiar figure
in the (.tore during the Christmas holi
days, everyone .believed he would be
about ngaln before many weeks.
The snlespeople heard the news of
Mr. Wanamaker's death first ns n ru
mor, sweeping rapidly fiem the busi
ness truces, wdiere the word hnd been
received. Then the heads of depart
ments were notified, and the decision
wns reached that the store" would net
open today. The doers wcre still closed,
se there wns net the problem te deal
with of a crowd already in thp store.
In the midst of the resplendent
riii'lstmiin decorations an ntniesphern
of deep gloom and sorrow settled upon
the mles force nnd executives, liven
the youngest empleyes were familiar
with the venerable head of the bust-
Continued en 1'agn Si'lncttrn. Column Twe
"United States Has 8uffered Qreat
Less," Saya Senater Reed
Washington, Dec. 12. Thp news of
Jehn Wuniininker's death came as n
shock here tedny.
Ueprcsentntive Watsen, In whose
dMrlet Mr. Wnnnmnker hnd his coun
try home, snld: "The country has
lest the greatest nierdmnt of modern
times, the Influence of one nlwnys in
terested in the higher Idenls of human
(enduct nnd whose philanthropy ex
tended without dlscnmlnntlen."
KopreHentntivo Pa trew: "I knew
Jehn Wnnnmnker nersennllv mid wnu
usseclntiNl with him In many ways. In
his death Philadelphia has, lest one of
Its most prominent nnd beloved citi
zens. He wns a real philanthropist
and, of course, nne of the greatest
merchants of modem times. Ills life
nlwnys wns one focused en the higher
IdealH of humanity. It would be Im
possible for me te express te the full
extent my sorrow ever his death nnd
my estimation of the mnu."
Sennter Heeds "The City of Phila
delphia, the State of Pennsylvania and
the 1'nlted States all have suffered a
' , i
German te Yank Yankees' Tenth
Ceblcnz. Dec. 12. A German dentist
will hereafter nttend te the teeth of the
American soldiers here. The reduction
of the occupation forces resulted In the
return te the United htntcs of the only
milltury dentist, and it was announced
today that arrangements bad been com-
? iltted te have a local dental surgaaa de
Shet Fired Scares Intruder,
Who Flashes Gun and Knife
In Hersham Heuse
CAUGHT BY STATE POLICE
Mrs. Alice Burleigh nnd her eighteen-year-old
daughter, Mary, escaped nn
nttnek Inst night when a mnn broke
into their home nt Hershnm nnd threat
ened them. They locked themselves In
their rooms and summoned aid by firing
a shotgun from n window
The man, nbeut thlrty-one years old,
who gave his name ns Themas Yeddo,
of Wet Haines street, Gcrmantewn,
confronted the women, who he thought
were nlene. He flashed a revolver and
The women ran screaming te their
rooms and locked themselves In. . Mrs.
Burleigh's son, Themas, twenty years
old, was the only ether occupant of the
house. He fired a shotgun into the air
scvcrnl times from nn upstairs room
attracting attention of ether families
living nearby who summoned -the State
State Trooper Bobbins hurried te the
Burleigh home en a motorcycle. He ar
Bobbins placed the roan en the rear
of his motorcycle and rushed te the
Ablngten police station.
Mrs. Burleigh nnd her daughter ap
peared in the station house nt Abington
a short time later, when a henring was
f liven Yeddo befere Magistrate Wll
lams. Mrs. Burleigh testified tbnt she nnd
her daughter had feared for their llves
when the u.nn broke Inte their home.
She said that he uted such vile lan
guage that she and her daughter llul
te their roeniri, hoping that before the
intruder could reach them help would
Bobbins said that he took n revolver
from Yeddo, together with u large knife.
Themas, the son, declared that when
he fired the shotgun from the window
Yeddo fired twice ut him with the re
volver. ' '
Muglstrnte Williams held Yeddo In
$2000 ball for court en charges of for fer for
clble entry, carrying concealed deudly
weapon and threats te kill.
MAN FALL TO DEATH
Hurtles Frem Reef te Midst of
Greup at Play
Harry Mitchell, thirty-eight years
old, 2010 Wallace strj-et, n plasterer,
was killed this morning when he fell
from the reef of the parochial school
of the church of Our Mether of Sor
rows, Forty-eighth street and Wynlus
The body landed In the school yard
In the midst of a crowd of children.
Mitchell died en the wny te the West
Philadelphia Homeopathic Hospital.
Mitchell had been repalriug the eaves
en the edge of the reef when he slipped
en the wet reefing nnd he fell.
MAY Dl! 'PICKFORD
Lubltcch Said te Have Been Invlted
by "Our Mary"
nerlln, Dec. 12. Mary Plckferd, no
cording te announcements in movle
circles here, has invited Brnst I,u
bltscb, the German photoplay director,
te take charge of the production of her
forthcoming picture. "Dorethy Vernen
of Hadden Hall." Werk en the film Is
scheduled te begin at Hollywood in
ATTACK IN HOM
EGGED ON TO SLAY
BRUNEN BY MOHR,
Slayer Says Widow Suggested
Exact Way'in Which Crime
MURDER PLOTTED 4 MONTHS;
WEAPONS BOUGHT IN PHILA.
State Unloads Heaviest Cun as
Man Calmly Tells of Death
of "Honest Jehn"
Harry C. Mehr talked of nothing hut
the murder of his brother-in-law,
"Honest Jehn" Brunen, for nearly four
months befere the crime, according te
the testimony tedny of Chnrles M.
Powell, self-confessed murderer, nt the
trinl in Mount Hally. N. J of Mehr
nnd his sister. Mrs. Deris Brunen, wife
of the victim.
Powell, chief witness for the Cem-1
menwenlth, spent the morning en the
stand, nnrrating In great detail the
story of the murder of Brunen. a
wealthy circus owner, in his home et
Riverside, X. J., the night of March
He declared that Mehr had first
breached the subject of Brunen's tnk-ing-eff
some time after November 12.
1021, nnd hnd spoken of little else at
any subsequent meeting with the
Fer many weeks. Powell declared,
they hnd debated using a nlstel. Mehr
i nrguing that the circus man should be
snot us ne entered 'his garage, because
the noise of the meter would drown the
noise of the shot. Then thev decided
nn a shotgun, and Powell declared he
bought two guns with money ghen him
Dy .Monr and gave Mehr receipts for
the price of the weapons.
Then, the witness declared. Mehr had
tnken him te n lonely soot te ninetlre
Mrs. Ilrunen wns mentioned but once
by Powell. When Mehr wns nwny, the
witness declared, Mrs. Brunen came te
him nnd sold she was afraid of her
"She said," declared the witness,
"she wished that while Brunen sat nt
the window somebody would sheet
It wns thus he met his death a little
mere than a month later.
Powell Allowed te Testify
Before Powell wns permitted te
testify there wns n lengthy debate ever
the ndmissibility of his testimony, Wnl
ter Keown, counsel for the defendants,
contending that he was Insane and in
competent. Mr. Keown based his argument en
the probability that Powell's own de
fense would ie insanity.
Justice Kalisch declared there was
no authority for denying n man' the
right te testify because he had been
insane at some previous time, and ex
amined Powell himself.
The Incident came within n few min
utes of the opening of court at 0 :30
o'clock this morning, and was only
less dramatic than the recital of Pow
ell's actual story of the murder.
After the lawyer's argument the
Court decided te test Powell himself.
Pulling bis chair closer te the wit
ness nnd leaning forward, Justice
Knliscli nsked: "Wheie de you live?"
"Were you born there?" "Yes. sir."
"What is you age?" "Thirty
one." "Did you go te school?" "Yes, sir.
I went te common school, the grammar
school, you knew,"
"De you belong te nny religious de
nomination?" "Ne, sir."
"What is thebelief of your family?"
"Tell me of your business career."
"Fer fourteen or fifteen years I have
been in the show business. I have been
with different shows. 1 held conces
sions." Han "Lucky Wheels"
"Were you financially interested in
these shows, or did you held any con
tract?" "Ne. sir. I had wheels where
peeple win dells."
"Oh, you hnd gnmbllng instruments.
Did you control thein?" "Ne, I only
had one myself."
"De you understand the nnture of
an enth?" "Yes, sir."
"De you believe in a Supreme
Being?" Yes. sir."
"De you believe in a future exist
ence?" "Yes, sir."
"De you knew what perjury is?"
"De you knew that the law punishes
perjury 7" "lcs, sir
"Mr. Powell, Is your physical nnd
mental condition the same today as I
when you were incarcerated in the Bur- i
llngten County prison?" the defense;
"I can't answer: I don't knew."
"What is your physical condition?"
"Better at pusent."
"What Is your mental condition?"
"Hns It always been all right?"
"I don't V - " v
"What V ..nental condition
en the nlghtv ,,J tragedy?"
Prosecutor N ...slscy objected, and
Continued, en rm Twentr-ene, Column Twe
Constable Fires Through Window,
but Fails te Step Thlevea
Allcntewn, Pa., Dee. 12. Firing
through n window nt tltree burglnrs
working nt the snfe In the office of
Schudt & Ce., enrly today, Consta
ble Llewelhn Hepper, street watch
mnn, sent the robbers into hnsty flight.
He was tee late te prevent the loot
ing et the safe.
PR AnKNTOWN BrieU. thru lMn Its.
Wt PhUadjlphU ell B.tS P. Mrntii?:
Tstleni iply 11(9 cJhttt, t. Loe. sU.Viv.
600 PUPILS FILE OUT
QUIETLY FROM FIRE
Drill Works Perfectly In Blaie at
Eighth and Chestnut
Six hundred students' of Strnypr's
Business Scheel filed te the street in
order nt 10 :U0 o'clock this morning
when the clans of the nlnrin bell told of
n Urn in the lncment of the building
nt SOT Chestnut street. An nrmntnre In
the exhaiiKt band became eveilienteU
and sunt out volumes of smoke.
A schedule of flic drills hnd se
tralneil the students that there wns net
the Klii'liteci ilknrcW when the smoke
told of a real lire. At the' Hrst tap of
the gong the boy and girl students
divided into two bodies und marched
from their desses by wny of the two
fire towers in the rear of the building.
The jewelry firm of I. Press & Son Sen
shares the first fleer of the building with
the Quaker Ten Itoem. Customers et
the jewelry firm nnd patrons of the ten
hop made a hurried exit when the
alarm sounded. . ,
The blaze was extinguished before the
arrival of n fire company.
Electric Cars, Running en Same
Track, Meet Head-On in
DANGER SIGNAL OBSCURED
Twelve persons were injured when
two crowded trolley cars, operating be
tween Atlnntlc City and Absecon,
crashed Jnte each ether in n heavy fog
ene mile from Pleesantvllle this morn
ing. The most seriously injured are :
William Prettyman, twenty-two
years old, Bolten avenue, Absecon, mo me mo
termnn en the car from Absecon. In
ternal injuries. Condition critical.
Margaret Spearman, Philadelphia.
Blanche Sommers, 2310 Atlantic ave
nue, Atlantic City.
Henry Williams, 127 Blsley avenue,
.lehn Glendennlng, Pleasantville.
Emergency cars rushed te the scene
of the nccident from both Plensnntville
and Atlantic City took the injured te
the Atlantic City Hospital, where it
was said the condition of Prettyman is
Tht cars were traveling in oppo
site directions. Beth had turned from
the main track nnd were proceeding en
ie. & switch. The motormen failed
te ree danger signals in the heavy fog
nt n switch. Beth were going nt n
speed of nbeut thirty miles nn hour,
Accident In Rush Heur
The nccident occurred during the
morning rush hour, nt 8 o'clock.
The two cars came together with
such force that the front plntferms
were telescoped into the middle of
the cars. Virtually nil windows in
each enr were shattered.
A cloud of dust enveloped the
smashed vehicles, while screams arose
from the Injured nnd terror-stricken
passengers. Men who had escaped In
jury set quickly nt work rescuing these
who were fastened in the wreckage.
First reports of the nccident reach
ing Pleasantville and Atlantic City
were that inanv passensers hnd been
killed. A relief train w-as rushed from
both places carrying first aid equip
ment. The car which hurried from
Atlantic, City carried n staff of physl
cluns and nurses from the Atlantic City
Through Traffic Tied Up
The wrecked vehicles weie spread
ever the tracks in such n innnncr that
through traffic wns impossible. Cars
are new running from Plensnntville te
the scene of the wreck and return,
while they nre met at the switch by
the enrs coming from Atlantic City,
passengers trnnsfeirlng at the wreck.
It is expected that full service will
be resumed Inte this afternoon.
Superintendent Montgomery, of the
railway company, in n statement issued
nt neon In Pleasantville, said his lnves.
tlgatien revealed that the accident was
due te n misunderstanding of signals
because of the fe2. He declared that
the cars had net been proceeding at u
high rate of speed.
Beth of the enrs ere of the old
tvpe, which were recently converted
into one-man vehicles. Rerh hns n ca
pacity of about sixty persons, nnd both
were almost tilled when the nccident
Passengers said that when the cars
came Inte view of ench ether through
the heavy fog the motormen Jammed en
the air makes, but the cars were tee
clesu te avoid the collision.
An official investigation into thi
snumli.im will be started at ence.
STATE GRANGE IS BOOMED
McSparran Announces Increase of
3000 In Membership
Willlainspert, Pa., Bee. 12. An in
crease of 31X10 in membcishlp, bringing
the totel te 00,000, was announced by
Jehn A. MfiSpnrran, worthy master of
Pennsylvania State Grange, in his an
fnunl address nt the opening of the
State convention here today. Slore than
1G00 delegates were present. Mr. Mc
Sparran lelternted the demand for de
centralization of governmental author
ity. He said taxation hed gene beyond
aiwinrniice and some relief must be af
forded, hut he believed tuxes will net.
be decreased until the iinvcrnineut is
Suggestion was made that the next
State and national meetings be held at
the same tlme and place nnd that n
committee be appointed te arrange for
the presentation of a pageant te com cem com
jnemernte the fiftieth anniversary of the
I0 YOU VVANT A fTBHTI AVTOMpniT.R?
Th claiilfUe columns et the Ey.nln Puh.
c I.frtcfr list opnie et the but barcalne te
leuuJ In Ud Cars en ( H,Adu.
DISPLACEMENT FOR 'WT
CREDITS MEASURE m&$M '
Pell of Senate Shows Enough
Vetes te Make Substitution
TWO NEW MEMBERS BLOCK
PRESIDENT'S SHIP PROGRAM
Defeat of Marine Act Forecast
if It Leses Place en
By CLINTON W. GILBERT
Staff Corrmnendrnt Ermine Public Ider
CopyjTieht. !, by Public Ledger Company
Washington. Dec. 12. A poll of the
Senate shows enough votes te substi
tute the rural credits bill for the ship
The odd feature of the situation Is
that two new Snnnteis nre responsible
for this unexpected obstacle te Presi
dent Hnrdlng's program. Sennters
Broekhnrt, of lewu, and Cmlzcns, of
Michigan, who hnv,- just taken their
seats, were discussing the legislative
sltuntien yesterday nnd found that they
were agreed that the farm legislation
should precede ship legislation.
Ceurcns snld te Broekhnrt: "Why
don't you move te displace the subsidy
en the calendar?"
Broekhnrt replied. "I'll mnke n poll
first." He did and found fifty Senators
in favor of taking up rural credits be
fore the subsidy.
Ihc Democrats want te talk against,
the subsidy before displncing It se as te
get their iews en record. This they'
may de en a lr.etim te displnce it en
the c.ilendnr. se tbnt it may be several '
days before the substitution takes
Administration Leaders Alarmed
Administration supporters in the I
Senate are alarmed ever the movement '
nnd nre working among the Senators !
tedny te prevent the displacing of the
major feature of the Atlttlltilstrntlbil's
The "ubltutien mn have the sup-
Centlnurd en T-izr Tuonl-ene. Column One
NARCOTICS WORTH $50,000 SEIZED IN NEW YORK
NEW "YORK, Dec. 12. Naicetics valued nt ?50.000 and
the uam.es nnd addresses of abexrt 1OO0 persons saTii by the po
lice te be selling agents and addicts, were sstzed today. William
Willinms, in whose apartment the drugs weie found, was ai
rested nnd is held for investigation. Ameng1 the seized letteis
was one said te he from a well-known motion-picture ncter m
Hollywood, Calif,, indicating that the actor acted ns an agent.
OLD IRONSIDES" TO BE DE-COMMISSIONED
LOS ANGELES, Dec. 12. The battleship Connecticut,
sometimes termed "Old Ironsides," once the flagship of ''Fight
ing Beb" Evans, was ou the way today from Les Angeles te the
uavy; yard at Bremerton, Wash., te be de-commissleaed.
BUSSES GO TO JAIL
Sheriff Seizes Autes Frem
Gloucester and Vicinity
at Rush Heur
Commuters living In Gloucester,
Broeklnwn, Clayten nnd intermediate
towns lu New Jersey had te seek ether
thnn their regular means of reaching
business today when Sheriff Hatch, of
Camden CennO . seized sis automobile
hi'nspH owned by Charles Herner, of
Gloucester, and drove them te the
The seUure was made te sntlsfy n
iudgment ngainst Hemer for SlJi.OOO
in favor of Mrs. Bella Crowder, of
Gloucester, for the death of her seu
Lewis, who was run ever bv n bus n
year age. Three of the machines were
seized last night at the Federal street
ferry, in Camden, and the ether three
were taken into cu'tedy this morning.
Passengers were, old te "get ent,"
and Deputy 8her directed the driv
ers of the mnchi le proceed directly
te tbe lull. Tt' chines taken tills
I morning were ft nenr Almonesson.
Ufferts were tniii.edinteiy neguii ny
IJerner te regain possession of the
busses b.v making n bend for the
amount of the judgment. He snld the
ense lias been appealed and that the
judgment may be set aside In the higher
Electric trains from the towns regu
larly served by Herner's busses were
unusually crowded and many persons
were delayed in reaching their places
of work. There Is no trolley service
te one of the towns.
"Cleans Up" Prisons
x f$ f' jz
Pit. JOHN M. BALDV
WOOD EXPLAINS ,
Philippine Legislature's Delay
m Acting en Reforms Keeps
Him in Islands
MONTHS OF WORK AHEAD
Jiu Asaeclated Pre&
Manila, Dec. 12. Governer General
Leenard Weed, back from an inspection
trip te the Southern islands, discussed
tedny ills resignation ob head of the
University of Pennsylvania, the office
he accepted provisionally, but recently
decided te decline when he found that
his work in the Philippines would delay
indefinitely his return te the United
Governer Weed said lie regretted .be
ing unable te nssume the University
pest, but explained that he could net
leave here nt present in justice te either
the United States or te the Philippine
Government. The program he outlined
when lie took office is but partially com
pleted, he pointed out, nnd several
months mere will be required te put it
into working order.
Governer General Weed said he felt
it would be an injustice te leave his
Inauguration program half finished.
Heuse Committee Proceeds
With Impeachment Hearing
According te Keller's Plans
Hv Automated Frrtii
Washington, Dec. 12 After an hour
and a half of wrangling the Heuse Ju
diciary Committee voted today in ex
ecutive session te proceed with the
hearing of Impeachment charges
brought against Attorney General
Daugherty by Bepresentatlve Keller In
the manner insisted en by Mr Keller.
Frequent clashes between Chiilrmun
elstead and Jncksen II. Itnlsten,
counsel for Representative Keller,
Jishcred in the preliminaries te the
hearing. Mr. nalsten told the com
mittee he was net ready te proceed
with the henring of the charges in
the order presented because it wns nn
"absurd request" nnd "nbselutelv
without precedent." Chairman Vol Vel
stead declnred the commlttee nlremlv
hnd been "stnlled off" nnd that It
wanted te proceed in an erdcrlv man
ner. After n long argument Mr. Bnlsten
snld Ills client wns ready te proceed
en only ene specification nt this time
und the committee sought te develop
when he would be ready te proceed
with the ethers, but It was explained
that different counsel would have charge
of the presentation of the ether specifi
cations. Mr. Keller objected te giving the
names of all witnesses at this time,
Continued en Twrntr-uut. Column Four
Tin RMI 11V Tfl I P
Un. DHLUI KLU
Abolition of Foodless Punish
ment and Solitary Confine
ment Decreed ''
MOVE IS FIRST STEP FOR i
GENERAL JAIL BETTERMENT
Harsh Discipline Will Be Tem
pered With Common Sense,
Welfare Head Says
DR. REEVES IS OVERRULED 1
Conditions Exposed by the Eve
ning Public Ledger Bring
Complete abolition by January 1,
of all inhumane conditions in thel
Philadelphia County prison was di-
rected today by Dr. J. M. Baldy,
State Commissioner of Public Wel-l
fare, in an order 'te the Beard of
The sweepinp order, which fellows
revelations by this newspaper of
conditions ih the jail at Helmcsburg,
is a forerunner of changes te be
ordered in every county jail in
Pennsylvania. Furthermore, that
Welfare Department will ask the
Legislature for work farms as ad-'
juncts te the prisons.
Commissioner Baldy ordered the,
abolition of dark cells at Helmes-,
burg and Meyamensing prisons andj
teldthe inspectors te de away withi
the rules forbidding the inmates con-'
versatien and the use of tobacco.
"Starving" te Be Stepped
The custom of depriving cenvictsi
of feed for twenty-four-hour pcrieda
because of miner infractions of di-'
cipline, Dr. Baldy also ordered abel-'
Beginning with the New Year, Dr.
Baldy directed, the prisoners are te
have at least two hours of exercise,
daily and Sunday, in the open air
and they are te be allowed te exer
cise in the corridors also.
Improvement in the quantity and ,
quality of feed served the inmate?,
also was ordered by the WelfartP'"
Commissioner, whose commands are
the most drastic ever issued since
the formation of his department.
Dr. Bnltly's Lettr
Dr. Baldy's letter te the Beard of
Prison Inspectors, under date of De
cember 11. follews:
"My attention hns been cnlied te the'
present agitation in the dally presa
concerning certain nlleged conditions at
the Philadelphia Ceuntv Prison.
"During Ne ember, 1021, the field
representatives of the Bureau of Res
toration of the Stnte Department fit
Public Welfare mnde n thorough and
painstaking survey of this prison, the
records of which nre en file in the office
of the department.
"At the time of the survey certain I
points lu management were noted which
would linve been culled te veur atten
tion but for the reason that it wns de
sired te have a complete survey of all
the penal institutions of the State. aJ
well ns a ceinpiirntlp view of similar,
iii'titutiens in ether Stntes, before ven
turing upon any criticism nnd for th
further rent-en that It was deemed de- '
slrnble te net confine such criticism te
nny one institution, but te be lu a posi
tion t make the move a State-wide re
view, and thereby te bring about n gen
eral betterment of the condition of
prisoners, should such be found te be
desirable or necessary,
"In lew of the present agitation,
"'t r a thorough study of the results of
the survey of November, 1021. I spent
Friday nnd Saturday In Philadelphia
i.inUluc n thorough personal Inspection
and checked up l mv own findln?
these of the November, 1021, inspection,
gning due consideration te the chnrgei
I'bM'ned in thp dally pi ess
"As n result I hnve te report te ten
that I find thp following conditional
fliern exists in the prison se-callod dark'
eels or dungeons, which nre en occasion,
used for the confinement, without feed,
ler a period of twenty-four hours et
mnie, of prisoners who Imve violated,
some one et the rules of the prison of.
who have beceme violent or destructive,
home of the rules vlelnted are the pt
hlbited possession and use of tobacco,
nnd the. holding of verbal nnd eths
communications nt prohibited times,
"Only tee often in mnny prisons ar
such violations brought nbeut by nn
necessarily stringent rules themselves,
as well ns by another condition found
te exist In the Philadelphia County
Prlren, nuini'ly, the lack of a proper
nineuut of fresh nlr mid exercise. Till
Is ene of the detrlinciilnl conditions
found le exist, nnd is, together willi
the lack of suflHent opportunity te
talk nnd the prohibition of the use of
Continued un Vntn Tvrmtr-unt. valiem gt
7)0 YOU WANT A JOBT TflKRR ABM
pUnty of Thern drtl.el "5 "5 Jf3l"
T id ce'uralu' t0diOr en t an
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