Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, December 11, 1922, Night Extra, Page 8, Image 8
fmwm tif-FM'MiViTffJ-ivWT'- )(, .'.V "" W '.--A-.'v.A A ,lu, lOTi'j)," .'? W'tW W'X, tvOTSPSVV!iiTAWtJf-Jip(4l! r-J ' h lWl !t:U:! 'N?r; :m. P'J! ir if .-. : 1 ft jK im !'! M It r1 v Ctj 8 I EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER PUDLIC LEDGER COMPANY ctnus it. it. cuims. ibimut Jehn C. Mnrtln, Vies Prraldrnt nnd TTritmirert F"r!. ,i" T'lrr.,,P's.Tntary; Charln H. t,idln Jfil,, Philip S, CeIIItih. Jelin n, Wllllnini Ocere t. QeiamUh. l)vld iZ. Smiley, Dlnrtfim. AVID R. BM11.HT I Kdlter JOHN G. MAnTtN....Onril IluInn Man-rer ( PublliheJ dally t Prmte Lissem Bulldln ( i Indeirnilne Squire, Philadelphia. AtUMie Cut Prefi-Vnlen BulMIn w ekk a.n Madlien Av. Pteit Till reM lliUMIn T. LOUII 013 QM'-Dfmvcmt Iiull'lirg CMciOO me2 Tribune llulldlne '- NKWS UUriKAUSi WAIIIIM-TON HctBAf, , J?. H. Cor. Penn-ylvanla Av. and ill-, ft. lONDOM Dcirit Trafalgar Uulldlne , , sui)3cnirTieN tciui.s Tn htfnimi Pibiiu Lrixirii H terrr-I te nuh. S1f r" In 1'hlliiilelpMa and rurreundlns tnwni th rata of twelve (12) cents rer we-ok. r.imlj.e the carrier. .B?. m" ,0 relnn eu(ild of PhllPilflph'ii In jn united Htt-, Cniu.ln, or I'M i-d hi ti. K ,?? wte8 frfe. fity (SO) cnt3 vr tnititli. WIJ.(,1! Sllwn ir jesr, payable in o.ivsm e.ivsm o.ivsm Te all foreign countries ern (It) .lella" a mmiih ?OT!q tiutiarrlhr wililnK mid-ess chanced tnuit elv old u well im nw adJrm. B.t.. SQOQ TALNL'T KEYJTOVr. MAIV tent CTJeMrejj all iMmmunlritflen, te V-nOit; Pt.Mle a I-KtOfr, lndetrntlrnrJju,irr, I'hlludrlphtil. Member of the Associated Press TltB ASSOCIATED MESS M evehiiltfiy e-f l((lfd fe the lee t"r rrpubU'ritlnn of all t t. ltpntche crififrI (t ur in efJifnie r-'Jifrtl tn A( pap'r nul alf f.i.. ;-i! cus tu''' aZ-iM thrrrti, JII right of utuhlU-e.t-jn of wtcttl mtlpatches htri-in ee iij 'rtr, FliilxJrtiihli, Men.hr, Drrrmbrr 11. 1:2 THE BARN KURNEUS NO SKItlHS of erhni"i i-Tcr luTpflrateil in this jiiirt of flie count r lin-. Imtm . mysterious tind m Hiisscstivi- of drlibi r;iti Bialiirnnnp.v ns tln wn-l: ilntm ri'ri'inl.v by liierndinrifs en fnrins nrnr tliix e'.tj. Even if it wre npertix.'irr te iMiMi'iMitrnt' ill Stute iMilietni"'!) in tliin i.;in'i ntnl in enlint an nriny of tlcpuiy slicri.Ti ill- i reuble nil exficnsn would be ji"-tljli'd. 'I'1h'-m ini ccs:sive eutrct-. 1ini b-en he insanely wiin wiin ten as te pugpit ibf diversion-) of a nnid Wan. The Slut and oeiinty nutiieriliiw cannot spare effort or mom-y in a matter of thi nert if they de net wih te riU chargeH of liiceuuli!e ne.uliKeiief and in efficiency. MERGING THE FLEETS M fOUK than a inertly ieelime:l interK-t attaches fn be i-oTisnlldntien of ilie Atlantic nnd I'ae'i'n- iVp. i.f the n-. into chicle ers'iiiizatinit. The Navy Itepartinent descrlbpsi tl:e merger a-' a hanije te peai time orRani7.atien. e effei-trd n t be adaptable in cinereney te war ri'pnre,m-'it-. It is exjilained that jjie:itT vmity will be secured, that eertiin naval prebb'tas may in CenHequrnce be treated a- a whnle and tint jrains in the direetieu of etlieii'iiej will l" made. IJut behind theve f'uf. whic n are un denlftble, two reaeti. are dive, rnible without Trhich the mev preb.ibly wnald net b.ie been made. The l'anatim Canal ha piit an nd te the diitinefien between the two l!ee; nnd te the r:reer",ity of rcs.irdiiiK i1"" !' separate unitH. The tee iini-n-i' i-pi-nde f the Oregon will nut be repiatnl. In addition there is the pirit i-f :'ie dis armament preKram a- eienieiatril ,..t Wali Wali lngten a year nc. 'v,,' "it!l ''"' '"il'in'an wnterway a reality, it t- nuin i'eiv,ib!e that n nation witii imperialiM- or bclliee-e ambitions! tran-laiable in tun.il term v eiild have refrained from iiuluns one tleet where there had been two. A WARNING THAT WORKED Tlin elimination bv the Senate Cummer'" Committee of the Madden ameiidi.;eiit te the ship Mibsidy, vtinjr in Cetiuresx nleae the right te make nnnual npiirepr.nl ions te eperatinc companies, is in olnieus r'-pene te Mr. Ilardins's expliei' waniu. e-i Hn ubjeet. In his letter last week the President m m m oreusly expressed his jireference for defe.it of the measure if the Senate retaimd the objectionable proviso. The leie of th.s position cannot be easily refuted. The bill should stand or fall as a noMe-ure authorizing (Jevernment proteelien of the Atneriean merchant marine. There would be no certain guarantee of saf'Cimrds were the option of voting or withheldinc subside m left every year te the caprice of Cnni:res. Fortunately, the form of the bill which the Senate will take up this week relleets a ae.id deal of the original spirit of tin- i.pasure. The Madden amendment lies bee-i p-pl-i' ed by the Willis-I.esiroet pr'nisien. whMi a i i therizcti Cengri'ss te niahe nppiopriatiens te the fchippins companies in the ca.-e i f In rreaffri ever the amount of 'everiiiuemal a.d fisrd in the eiisinal eetitnu't. The clause crantins income-tax xenip xenip tlens te ship nwneiM under certain eircum eircum Stenccs has been removed. It is stipidadd that no contract between the iuenimeiit and n ship owner slnll i-xiend f",- mere than fifteen years; that ."i instead -f "' per c-iil of American tenmiKc out of the total op. crated by u steamship cempan.x will e'liiih It te Federal aid. and that 'nip'iiiies i-arrj lnB chiefly their own products will be deiiiid benefits of the ver.sel-'otwnietien f.i.id. While the udvisabMity of mic'i chant;" "s at least open te argument, llu-y cmti'it be called deliberately destructive in puipesc. It still is possible te exnn.iti" tl- ea for and against ship subsidie. u.rh some npircl te fundamental prine.plc-. THE NATION AT SCHOOL TIIKHn will be manj cempeusailiii; ndvin tnges in the i1i.mi-..eu nf the Cntiti Cntiti tlltien en which the I.a Toilette bloc seun, ' detennlnwl te engMi;e ('eni;rc-s. , One of them Is that it Us likely te indui" the uiembers of Congress te read th" Cm. 1 atitutlen Itself, and te brim; about a study 1 by the mere thoughtful of them of th fun , damcntul principles en whiih It Is bused. Few of the prepositions made by the radicals, or se-callul progressives, in recent i years would have been made if the pro pre ! ponente had been well grounded In c 'insti tutional hlster) and theory. Colonel Heom-. ' relt, their one-time lender, plnjed with the preposition that the Supreme ('eiut sin. mil be deprived of its power te set a-dde an net of CengrtHs en the ground of its unconstitu tionality, just an he plinnl with the idea of the recall of judicial decisions h poeul.ir vote. Hut the Colonel was u politician seel; Ing vetcB. It is lui encchable that he was ignorant of the unsoundness of the propo prepo prope ltlons te which he gave the suppetl of his Influence, The members of the I.a Toilette bloc thlul; that the prepositions nre sound. Amein; thein are men who he!lec that the Consti tution should he se ami mini ns te make It pebslhle for Ceugnsh te validate a law set aside by the Supreme Court. They ought te read the iiddrc.su by dust ice William 1. I Hchaffer, of the Tcnnsyhania Suprenin I Court, nt the annual dinner of tlm Veieran . Jfcnpleyeu' Association of the l'eiiiislvaula Hallread Cemimny in UiW dty two or tliree eeli nje. Juxtlce Kclinffcr Rtatrd the case I against the proposal se clearly that no open minded man can read his address which, fertuuately, has been prlutid in a pamphlet wltbeut being convinced. I The argument against the amendment pre- VHMng for tee election et tnn rr-Hiicnt ny V" f MMtiar vote is a nine mere uiveircti, inr it t- jula.irlth the mere complicated nuestlen of pit, ,-t-"' ::ivz-- the 1'edcial sjslem. Hut It can be Muted and is likely te lie slated in many was In fore the discussion ends. And In the course of the discussion we nre likely te have our attention culled te the extent te which the lights of (he States have been invaded by the Federal (levernmenl. While the president Is understood te ob ject te a change In the manner of electing the Chief -Magistrate, he and Secretary Mellen are favoring an InviHen of the lliiaiiiiai autonomy of (he Slates through an amendment te ihe Constitution wlili h will empower Congress te tax State and munici pal bends for nalletial put poses. The adoption of such n suggestion ought te be fought with all the power (hat the Stales possess. The industtlul coiperntions are urging It because they think llntl if State and municipal vecurilies are Kiibjei t le the salnc rate of Federal tiiMltlmt us (he seiiiiiliis nf Inislni -s loiperatlotis It will he easier for die corporal ions tn borrow money, Hut il i- fortunate, after all, that tin; ceuntr) is about te S" te school en consti tutional th ). THE KAIL-BOARD FAILURE; A RAD SIGN OF THE TIMES A (ireat Hvpcriment With Applied Morality in Industry N Approach- W' Dismal Hiul VyiTH any matter r.lavd t the future of il.e tuilreads "vm-v Amerintn who lleesn f fnK.t ldii,,i!f in.,! is affairs te iluirli Inc.; ought le be profoundly con cerned. The transportation system is and will continue te he the nerve system of the country. Its ,ves.es ,i !mure:, Its illiiess,.s and its recoveries nlw-i.vs v i )fl rellcetnl 1'istalltlv ill cVeiy ether he'd nf national iffeit. Se th,. p.i.iMg ,,i' the i;ni i;ni rend Laber li.jii'd. fniieat in the Presl dent's me-cage, will be an ... uisien ,t great significance. It will he an occasion for resr. f ninl for some very painful doubt". Ter ihe beard was in one sense larger in Its mianing than any of the problems which it was supposed te solve. It represented the first pi eat ex periment with applied morality ns a eon trolling Influence In a basic industry. It is the dismal ending of this cperimctil tint matters most. The f.ulure of the beard ,'inii of course it has fulled Im ,.M at tributed te its l.n-K of leg.il powers, of whit Washington nil- t -. t Ii. It s, , t.. hive occurred te no e-l" that i! w;,s h. e.ri-e I lie Kailvvnv Heard uttempted te gi :tl.,i v.,th out co reive laws (hit it deserved most fi.,,a the railway men and the einit-) in t . war of rispect and vvhele-he-iMed cii-i.per itimi. I'veryvvhete lii ( 'i, world nevadi's lie philosophers of government who s, , fnstl.-s' into the tutuie are tr.v'"; te i ml a uav of escape from i igid legali-m and te subsiitaie. !n matters intimatdy rdatn! te public life and general welfare, moral feres gii:er.iin out of conscientious conviction and the com men, lUIieli'iU sense of simp jusiicc The Railreid Laber P.e.ud. , , .-i.ial'.y .a!!e, C"l-eMII 111 I lie lllllUSln.il Celli, T, UC 1 .. 1 ,-. , ... . i,-;i . . . u. i res.uem Hii-nii, nae lis origin in s ,te such heie. it r piisi nt,i an etlert te lu.d seni'il nig in t icll) fiere cempilling ih.in law for use in a he'd v.here p'e,..'y -leliis m,d hiimju rights were fearfully inv.lv.d in a furious and de ti-ittive war. 'Ille cellr.psi. of tics experiment is d.:e tn the i"fii.il of i-u',a) men ami the unions and the public ah';.' te i igmze tin uis.lem of the (eiii'iiii'n n's psiriiu; or te admit the validity nf a moral ricciple when that principle is carried bevend the realm of ab stract theory and appliul in iciTsilc prac tice. The principle of the railway h.'.v. like the prim iph u-.deilvinu' tic1 in-ohibitien h.vv-s. was never put te a lair ui-i! Th Unilwav 1'enrd rnniiivd, as Mime en,, has said, like the (op of an incempleted edifice. The -ustaining structure cln'!in. in th" ei'.g.nal plan would have had te ... e,c.t..l oil "f til" illtelli'.-ent geed will nf the unions find the railway in.liii'gni's am tl.eir desire for pe'iee and justice and the rational ad justiii'i,; of wage and l-dmr ipi. stj,,ns. It was ii"vi r cieeitd. Such niachlm rv would Inve taken the form of distrn t and regional l.eaids icpie sentiiig labor nnd m.uing' men' and the pub lic, and iiiippei for p 'im l . and Miile. nietits nn ihe gteutid where issues and dis. putet arise, IloeVt can never v ages tha iield that be fair, may lie blanket w II gi lt was bis I,., fair in one ; ; li'd'iles lief th.lt loll I, HV he imnl Ituilrein pmte nr unfair in ethers. Se l ,. With i l.e Heard was established assumption that all miner mic tnm. m .. -. pale should be s'ttUd at th" stait by nine uinmisiens fum tinning with nn iii te peace, justice and elhcient lailwi.y ie i-i :,uii, It was intendfil tn piss nl( ,,, ii,.,r. t"is of principle, as a s,,rt ,,f Supriiae Cnert. en ti basis of evidence nht'imcd in i reviewul and correboratid at I lie se'irc" of controversies. I This system of miner ceuimj l(n- mer ! estiiblislnd. The beard's hearings tueauie j nnl-y with th" cla-h if b v.rdering detail. Its nutlmriiy was i; vil It W11. c,fi,.n without ess"iitial ividui'-e. Th t 'iluav managers and th" unions alike, s, ,.,. tiit the beard viis without "teMh," p..-is'ed I in their reliam ' en brute force ,,. , IM their I hopes for special advantage Thev ei e no l-eaillir tllllll Hie U tilnll.lillsts n( Jirupe In recegtiie (he iim fulness of pur-l' t.mr.il impliiatietis a s'lb-'ltii1"' for leal force. Tle'V held In II lllnnil nf lliipvldlllll lllid ex clusive ami iiniepeinieiit .utien that viis in no way diffeiert from the meml that new animates the belligerent stntis f Furepi!. Ami what nie the ruliMilleiers of this ddiance of reason V Smiie (Xperiencid observers in Washington see the railroads drifting te ininplet,. Cov Cev ernment cnntn.l. The unions are in dls tress and coufi.sien In i.h-.iv.tig in his message thai we rre .ippre.iehi.ig n test of our civili.utieii Mr. Hauling doubtless was renumbering that the Itailnnd Laber Heard is but one of inin.mei.ible Institutions of (iiivertiment that i.iunet go oil without such help and eiiceuing. nn nt as can come only from iiitclllgent popular npinieii and the collective meinl discertimeiiM of th" Iceplc. The (levernmeiit of the lulled Sr itcs, despite all )ou hear of tj rami) . extends its etlidnl power with the utmost rellictl e and only under (lie strongest ccmpuhieti. In this Instame the railway manngei ,, the uniens1 ntnl the general public could net be convinced of the utility of reason unsup ported by h'K"! '"ice. The fall of the Hallread Laber Heard shnwH pretty clearly that we eurselveN are net yet converted te the theory of pence by agreement which we have been trying te cbteblln" in l'1" incomparably vaster nnd mere complicated field of Old World politics. EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER The President, tracing the causes nf unrest nnd hardship in the agricultural Held te the failures of n transporlalleii system broken In n violent wnr with labor, shows why the (Jevcrninent must be mere than an observer in the Held of Industry. If there is no remedy for the railroads but new and firmer laws, the rail managers, the unions ami the people are directly te blame. OUR "GIFT TO BELGIUM" ALTIIDTCII the restoration of the library nt l.euvaln, burned and looted by the licriiians in their westvvnrd sweep in 11)14, is In the interests of all civilization, the privilege of rep'iirin.g less-es te culture which once seei led irrepniiihle falls particularly te the Fulled Stat-s. The wink Is 'America's gift te lielgiutu" and tri undertaking ad inliahl) riprcsciilalhe of popular -wnp.ithy for one of the innocent victims of the war. Net for the first time in the aftermath of the conflict has the cnlcihting ntid delib erite charactir of man) of the (icrmati dep i'i dm ieiis iuiimiI ailvnntaiieeiis te recupera tive agencies. Although an exipilslte treasure house was consigned te flames, thousands of xa'uable books were ictrlcved bv the in viders eager le bring new iiitcllutiial dis tinction te their tuition. Stelen Miliums, many of them of th" greatest rarilv, are new being rctuimd te Helgium at the rate of 1(),i)ii0 a Menth. Th" l.tiuveis and Helginns generally ate preseciiiiiig wink of reconstruction, and already the foundations' of the libraiy have been laid and the tirst fleer partly com pleted. Hut Aui'rienn financial aid will make the recovery sure. As a preliminary te launching the con tribution campaign in Philadelphia and vieinil), a meeting will be held at the Wil liam I'cr.u Mich Scheel today, at which plans will be laid fm vering the juihli school field in P niisy Ivaniu and pails of New .lei-si v ami lielavMire. The undertaking in this scitieti of the country is te be olh elh dally dliceted by the Atlmiiic Kegleii Divi sion of the National Committie of the I'nited Slates for the llestoriitien of the Louvain Library. The ipieta allotted this area is SI IU'.eIK). Il is (he hope of the constituted authori ties that the appeal will be effective In the widest popular sense, and in this regard an abundance of responses fiein the public is actually pretctable te large sums from a few iudiv idiials. ('pinions about ihe pin e treaties nr Ihe niisfakis ih.it I'm epe or Ai erica have mad" intuit be lngli ally le'atiil le the subject of n creating the Lein. mi l.il.r.uv. The debt which America w.l1 . si-t m paying is one that cannot be lepnih.iled v itlmut forfeiting some of the hnest ft nils of dvdiatiun. FREE SEAS: THE SOLUTION Tin w! ede-ity ami a) parent case with ich Tuiks, Alie - hi d K'issiaiis are npnren hing a leisis of a, cord eiicerning a i giuie for ihe Jl.irdaii' '!- and neighboring waf is ('institute a'l nnexpei tcdly prompt coiilliniatieii of Amh.'.-s.ider Child's ..liuieu diet "the problem of the Snaits is net dilli cult." This insy (slim, lie of the case was e:.piessid by our ei'ieial eh-'iv"" al Lail- Mintle hist eh lit the UleUl'lll W llcll pros Ji.'Cs of setilepienl were ni,u;ii,isy clelldi ll. Without exaggerating the effect of the pnsitien taken by Mr Child in his pleas for iinrestr'cti d navigation of the waters separating I imp,, and Asia by cniuiucrcial and war ve-si. of all nation-, aid his argu ment i behalf of a oomph ii ly iieniilitari::ed ci.d unfurl -li d ..no. it is iiuih ui.tble that in i-lii ins tin p-elih in in its plainest terms the Amei.cau dipieiiiat'st jierfermi u a salu la'w service in the interist- of peace. '1 he piegr.im that is taking shape is as yet far mere ivmplh an d and Micumbcnd with emhnrr.1. - ng dilals than the pio pie ji. sals uigi'd bv Mr. Child. Ni vertheless, aulheiitic prngiess seems t., heve been made. I .met i- di-plnying a new aim liability in adjusting the demands of the Angera (!ov (!ev ciiini'iit te these of tin Allies, and even (ieerge Tdiltch'iin has .ibandeued his tone i f ,spenl . TI." Allies hav rcfra.ii'd fiem snbmit ti.ig a pinfinm which unre-ervi dly Mine. li'.iis fin ussi. m all ilmes le ihe i,m n.etiial vcsm'Is .mil wai -1 ips nf nil nations in the Daidanelh.s, the s a of Marmora and the Ho-perus. As iropesn by Let d Ci,r,.eu, the Allies' ph. II of fleeilelll s lll I'.lieil by Ii'slrictlelis i nie ei mug till proportion of w.irshins In the HI.nU S"'i t" these of I'u'.irs beidetlng en that body of water. Sul" in lin s aic banned, and m i a-.c et demilii.ii ati'Oi .0 M.e Hlad; Sen ie outside nation .- permitted te send inuie than time v.urshiiis. nnlv em. of whl'h .shad exieed In. DUO ion-. The Straits in the Ain'iraii iiw are no different from any erl.i r international vvnter v iy new free te the cemnn r. e and navies of all th" world. Frem the foi.ndatieii of the liiiv. inmeiit the I nitnl Siai.s Ms n ,.nu sisiituly opposed te the "ni.tre elnii'iim" nlci. whether in the H.iltn, the .Mediter ranean, the Straits of Malaeu or the Snails et Flerida. Proof of tespect for nvewul prludplis Is te he found in the -i cn ,f the Panama ('.mill, epi n te Me iiii.iuii.e and the war ships of ever) ieui.mw. I:' Mcie , di .i pain y In the fan nn vv lave fortified the naus-'eutinenial v.ii'rvvny and that the Huy-Paitnci fele t. itv does n,,i e. pressly- reipiiie ibis Cem rami nt te kei p n open in time of war, H muim' I deiind that the reputation "f the Isthinus n ., irenhl,.. lueeder Is lusigiiiti'iiut 'iinpiind vlMi the ch.innel.s separating Hun pe fnun Asm. As mi unetlicial !' it . Mr. Child, it may he argued, i1 p.iv i'. g"d te outline ii rms of 'settlement "" u udi bieiiihr and mere swieeing lim s Mill iii'inliltd di eg.iles te the I ellfel1! life. I'11' ''ml i II i llllistaiice iui s mil injuie the wenh of Lis prim iph . It is gratifying, moi.evir, te tind Mr. Child ni-seitlng that "no iia'ieu v.eu'il be reiuliei" than the t'nit -d S1 lies "te uiiheld til" geed n'lise of luiilut. lining a -'tllif it-lit naval force te ait as the pe'i f the fiee seas." In Mils iliilaiiiiif.ii Mere is pnsM,!j u hint of our lo-eper.itioii witii the ether Powers In pieservlng Il.e frei dein of the Diiulanell'S, (Ihvleusly. one way te vu.i!ie (he Ameri can program woe'd b" for this (ieveiiiiiient te si.'tid siiiiin Iy lielend lis i ufen imenr. In that i .i-e il is eeiii i i able that the piesiur timidity of the A'dl's n.i,du he ovcnenie and that much the smiphsi, sauesi, inest com cem prcheiisive i. ml most ctlnealh uuthenile. solution of the Stiaits pieblem could by ndepled. inning the im hf . Hciutcnilig ceiiiurv human life has Miltistl'1', I Iillgthelled tvulve le fniirtei'ii .vtars. Tins may mean, however, net t in t men are Hung longer, lint that mere babies sun he. Thai COII.litlO persons die annually in t. Fiilted Slates from preventable dbenses shows that, while the pregii'ss of medic.il science has jjeen wetidciful United, then.' Mill remains much te be done. General Pershing draws l'nclflc attention te ihe Innde- I'repareilness (puny of our nir service nnd the necessity for Improvement. The fads he states cannot he denied; the wisdom of his pica must he ml iidtted by even the most pacllh.illy iiiclimd The uietlu of an air licet mlrflit well he' "Defence net Defiance," PHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, AS ONE WOMAN SEES IT We Wlie Cheered the Soldiers Off te Wnr Should New Cheer Them en te Their Interrupted Careers ns Citizen H.v NAKAIt I). LOWRIK T SFPPOSn most of iim saw In ihe papers lust week ii brief notice of nn ex-service man who had been crippled in the war and who had tried te kill bimelf the ether day because the nllewnnee made tn htm hy the (evernnmnt while he wni" learning u .rude was te step wlili Ids1 graduation as nn ap prentice in the painting of automobiles. He had a wife and child whom he feared he xveuld be unable te support, tie also feared he could net support himself. And lastly, he doubted If. having learned te pnlnt nil nil nil tonieblles. he could nalnt them even if lie Viis eiupleved. hi fact, he was menially nfrnld of respon respen Midi tv and tried u short cut out of nil re sponsibility. That he failed this time does net much alter the case. It is net nn un common aftermath of wound shook. I nm told, le he nfrnld of life. The (levernmeiit has provided what seems like u very reason able support for men who are adjusting I icinselves te new conditions after thev leave the military hospitals mid et about making a living under the hnndii-i'i of broken bodies. I hat is, an allowance Is granted them if thev arc proved eligible, nnd a trade or profes sion Is taught them and n situation for pur suing that trade Is procured for them by special recomineiidnlleii. When they nre judged bv the (levernment officials In charge proficient in the new Made or profession, notice is sent lliem as te (he future date when their (.'everninent support will cease. Hut Ihe notice gives them ample time te get accustomed te the new job. All this schedule works te perfection en P'lpcr. and can be ndiuslcd te work pretty well for normal Individuals, but nianv et the ex -service men are net normal physically, nt'd some f thein nre net normal mentally. In most cases personal nci sight of a practi cal s,,rt can adjust the situation te the worker and the worker te the situation; in some cases, such Ms that of the would-be siildde. the persona! oversight ought te be se specialised as te be almost a prolongation et hospital regime. The (ievernnient has no pi evlsinn that Is nvnilable for such indefinite ufter-Mcatment. Physically prehablv the ex-soldier is as well ns he ever can be; iiientallv he should function normally; In law chosen his new trade, been tnucht le master it. been supported during the process . "f learning it, u'd had the general assur ance et Help in his stmt; but something has s'unmd hi" initiative ..nd he is afraid of ivs in, ihihtv. Me leeks a-y, and, indeed, his H u et li'spensibillty nn,) be two-thirds Iii.mii" and only one-third n genuine in hibition fiem nervous fright, hut Hint one thud ii, il nervous fear prevents his con cen ipieiing his real laziness. Me needs n strong, sliadving. i iiceui.iglng inllueine le counter net the fear and te help him drive out Ids liuitia. rriill.' (jem ruinent is tee Impersonal te sue--- ceed well as a big sister, and most of our philanthropic agencies nie "full up" Willi 'tending te the folks that are "lite "lite sheiki'd"; tlev cannot step te leek after the men that arc jut "shell-shocked." Yet we that cheer, d il,,. soldiers off te war have new a respetisihil'tv te cheer thein en te take up their Intel rupted careers ns citizens. It leeks ;. ,ei deal like women's busi ness, because it rerpiircs patience and In-x-entiveiiess and nietherllncss, and again, and jet again, patience. Men nre shy of nerv ous, crippled men who are afraid nf life. They feel aw lull) about them. Hut thev fiel helpless and prefer net le think about them, or te treat them ns though (hey were nn different fiem tin niselves. Thev can jelly thnii up (e a pel.it and then "eh. better dead;" Is nheul the feeling. In the ca -e of the invalided ex-seivicc men the Legien ha liei n eagerly helpful in pur pose, of course. Ami it hacks justice en their biluilf and suhidi.cs much philan thropy. Hut nest of the lehabilitatieti has te be done by personal work. and. I repeat, It seems nunc a woman's work than a man'.-., somehow. Feriunalely for th" r'st nf u, women who ale tee busy t,, uiidei lake what we feel should be done, the women of the Overseas Legien nre mere ami mere turning their var memories te acieunt by giving the disabled ex--eldiers u hand up in ih,. dilil cult business of earning u living en a stable b.'sis. rrtMIS shop of tin Irs, for in -lance, for - scl!in; ihe products of disabled e.x service men Is their hist venture, and a very brave one. t means great labor in pieparafien islijerahle outlay and a gen- ions gift of time and sticugih. A- 7." per icnt of these Overseas l.igimi women are supporting themselves In viriens businesses of their own. and net only themselves but in many ca -es (heir families, what they are new e'vmg te this enterprise for the ex servile men has a muv red s'n-niflcjnice. It i a "beautiful ae-uiie" of theirs, this g'Mt of the opportunity of a shop, and one that the rest of us who leek en should net nlbvv ourselves te puss bv unlit eded. Feriunalely, the shop is net tee far down town for meter foil;, and net tee far up Inwn for these who come evir the river te buy Mieir Chiistmtis Hunt's. t jh nt (-ns M.iiker street in u store uven rent free by :h" very generous evv litis rent free anil head d. I nil! told. The ai tides for sale m the hop are mad" bv ex -serviie men who have been disabled irein pin suing their pre wartime oicup.i eicup.i ti' -. They have turned their energy le making toys, rugs, lamps, woven goods, boxes and leather and bias articles, which i .institute tin bulk of the shop produce. The tl ings nie well uiinle ami nre worth the p.-i'e, nnd me (leverly iieMgmsi. m that iii..ii"v spent In that sh,,), will purchase an i iiiiivaleiit in goods th, t are worth buying. There Is no charily in ihe mailer M) fa ih the persons who go te pir h ie arc 1011 lerned, tildes, it be chaiitv te go out ,,f one's vvay te buy a geed thing fnun a per son who wishes te be self-supporting. What ever gift is involved ha- nlread) b"en ar ranged for by the person.-, vvlai gave mid who are i nulling the shop. s0 that there are no overhead charges, no pei lent for toiii teiii toiii missiens, no ngenc) iuvelvid m placing the geed-, en the market. WHAT the shop should umiuiplMi, if t,e public responds. Is te give the mm a practical market and n steady maiket for tin Ji- very maiketahle goods. H sounds simtile, but everything new depends en the I ubllc. The women of (he Legien ltne. ,,, (heir part, certainly. The disabled ex-sel-diers have done theirs bv le.iriilng te make things with crippled hands, half. blinded eves, bent, helpless bodies, things thev never veiild luise Mieii'.dit of caring te make in the hevdav of their youth, when they marched ml of their barnickfi ami we women gave them apples nnd doughnuts' and kit hags mid wished them god speed. feel it certain grave interest in the psychology of this re-pense en th" part of the general public te Mini shop near Seventh and Market streets, win i,,,t. ,,f Uf, () sung "Over There' mid "Tliere'K a Leng, Leng Trull" go down them te buy, I w order? We rather envied Ihe Overseas Legien women during ine wnr mr ucing in ihe thick of it at least some el n- vveie eager enough In go, loe, nun " Miiii'-u uieir uiiiers we siiar best we could by nacuing mem up here at home. Well, ii appears nicy nave net .vet finished their "ever-theie ' vyerk and need us still te bach them up. 'I Ins lime It deea net require Red resa bandage-, te help them, but geluK 'lr)Wi Market a litih, ,uw Seventh street te shop. It would he Brent if we could help them put courage into the men who had ceurnge enough four years age te die, but mw m(.(j even mere courage te live. The SlnK filiiK fiteck Company recently produced n niunical comedy before J 100 visitors. Ileliuesburg plajH nothing but i,.'"lrnmn te empty benches. DECEMBER 11, 1022 v.5xS TOii'SJfeiSIIvjii;' f?SA13it ' ''''JrSfELiW ALI IFxt vt tm s BBBBamih mmm imm :rv , rfe5s5Efe i.k.1.. ii4)i wn. ritim in niv ki'A-w ).- w(Wi.rT'-if fc.jmiVF.aT i i nvP"w.P r- u . ui -. . .. i i; .t.-i.ij"- a"sjiiWMirjMr:yi Ufs'Mnrlir&aifiiUy.I- I OWV): Kr'ff artSTKSkBSiiWl .. LIMVUISTSniJ A 3 .' T . VLII 4. . I AI--:,tt7ZA?XKaKV5Z&.. NOW MY IDEA IS THIS! Daily Talks With Thinking Philadclphians en Subjects They Knew Beat CHARLES F. KAUDER On Cheesing the Ri",ht HiRlt Scheel Course TUT emnse which .inrci shall advise (heir children te select n the latter ai" looking terwaid te entering the high school , of the cit.v is u mnitcr whn Ii U freiiuentlv uf gr. ve miii-crn, mid this ipnsiieii arises each winter, .iis( befme the enlrniiecs .") the high schools in Fcbruaiy. sa.vs Charles F. H.iuder, diiccter of iiiilutiiel ailscdiica ailscdiica lien of the public schoehl of the dty, "The truly bewildering array of educa tional opportunities offered by tie great high schools," said Mr. Rainier, "makes it ililli iult for pireiits te cheese wNdy. Toe often c high school Hedging is tempted te sdect a line of education because his chum has i boson these suhjeds or because a particular leurse is said te he 'easy.' Children's Indiiiutietis the (initie "As a mutter of fuel, the parents have had ten few oppettu'iities le secure iiileipi.P" knowledge of the efft iins-s of the high sclcmN iinl .ile te obtain xperl advice and guid ance In seleiting fiem among (hem (he.'C subj'cl.s which would he-t develop the t dents and further the interests of their children. "It i.s the pe-sibli. and probable futiiie of the eighth grade giaduale vvhieli should de termine the choice of his ma ler subjects. In the high school. The high school misses 'Is purpose If it does net help ihe child te de velop his latent possibilities le the full. "In considering this serious matter, the parents should nsk themselves these ques ques teons: Dees the hey npire te n learned pro pre pro Ifssiea such lis law. medicine, education or the ministry V Is theie a possibility that he will iie able te spend from four te eight vi ms in (ellege mid the university V Is lie inten sled ill boeksV "If these quistiens can be truthfully nn Mvci'il in the iilliitiiatlve then let him tuke tin line of studiiM in the high school known as the academic ncir-e, which presents a series 01 well-tested subjects delinitcly irep'tratery te curatiee te college. Ancient t.ud meduli literature, history, mathematics, llic'lisli ami i in like help Mich a boy te ltalie his limbilieiis. Fer the .Scientific Hey "On the ether hand, does the boy want te be an engineer --dis'ti ical, inechiiuic'il, civil or iiiiiiinj; .' Is lie Inlerested in tilings matheiiiatlc.'il ami sdcntilicV Is he iuj chnnli ally imliiiidV "lu this event he should leek ahead te a four -war college i ngineering course mid should cheese i he piegiam of high bcheul studies which will he-t prepaie him for ad mission le an engineering school. The aca demic ceur-e or the mechanic arts course In the high sihuel would prepare hlin for college. "My own advice te such a lad would he te cheese the mechanic eris course, which is rich lu mathematics, shop weik ami me chunii'iil di awing, science, history, foreign linigu iges and Fiiglisb. The Interests of such a boy me well cured for in this pro gram. The Future Financier "Then, again, what of the hey who is In terested in things commercial? Peihup.s h" wi'iits te enter hanking or comuiciee, and hopes some dav le have a position of leader ship in bil-iliess. Me would de well te sehf t (lie ceiiiiniici.il course In the high school, Hiking care net le ovcileok the formal col lege prcpiualeiy course. "i'ui h i hey would doubtless leek forum d te spending tour yiars in college in filch h-lndles a- aic offend by the Whart.ui Scheel of the I'nivcrslty of Pennsylvania, Should his deilre be te enler business life Instead of college, the high school offers a ilcli group of pi net Ical commercial studies which are especially aimed (e equip him ter initial employment. "lines the boy want te learn a trade without entering upon a formal nppicnilee ship with some employer and at the snine time secure a geed high school education? Is lie Interested in pinetlcul things? Dees he show some aptitude In the use of tools? Dees lie desiie le enter employment at the dose of bin four-year course lu the high school with tlm satlsfiiciieii of having learned enough of n skilled trnde te held his own with competent workmen? "In thl cne let him cheese the Industrial "FOLLOW ME!" " ). course, spceiall.ing in nny of these lined, nicliiiei tinal ei mechanical drafting, caul neliuakiiig, caipentry or patteinmnking, ilcctrhal construction or innchiiie-shep pmc'tlce. Me will liud eflcied le him a wl ie vatiefy of studies ami shop and laboratory experiences which will teach him the (eel;' niqiie of Ids specially as well as contribute ie his enm "ptinn of Ids res-penslbilitiL's as u worker and as a citizen. "During his senior year the school xvlll place him in an actual job en Iho co-epera-tive basis, giving him two weeks in a shop "! till pij. alternating willi two weeks In '.'"' school. Me will (bus Icmii hew te ml l s himself , actual working conditions Hi'l will be able te in. ike for himself a pe--Mianetit position. Inenlcntnllv, he will mak" ler liiiuself enough money le support him nil during his last ymr in ihe school. Opportunities for the (iirl.s "Then tl.eie is the question of the course? IO lie chosen in II,,. ,, .1, e,.l,lu c... .i : , ii . . . - " '"s.. .-. ..-.. m nil lueiint, iiil.li schools of today make better prevision for th gins than thev did in IVjij n,,,, I KIlN' l.j,., yehnel In 1 1,.. ),;.,.. ..,' Mi :h 11 work V a Opened ami bail In ,!,. it oei s net mis it was se popular Mint the im1 graduation. slii aim te enter lnilnsi..,.i ,. . 'l'';';'ter In millinery, dressmaking. Mmiseltei'piiig Werk "enii s inni-ses I,, ii,.. i,; e'l'nu iidiiie w:t&..'ws!c3S:; I....I. I ,. ".' "."I"'" I' " lead, such sub- .,. . ..s ,,,., .,.,,, nun. , prevision f aileiiuiite prepaie HANCiS We have the word of Mn, , . , I hat bungs a,1,1 buck and It is ,ertnin I ha even in,d In ,k or cm, I '" '"' Wl I .... he.' f0.,e, W(.a,. ,!,;;. e. this Chicago girl avers 'hit .vc.y s.nn, Ciic,,ge flapper New sports a cute wee fliiu-e a,, , ' ...... ... ih ,.i,i... ce,'re.ira,,:,,iy;';.;. Mew swiftly menu lies will start l!ese.,slv,. ,e pieMv iv I Once Annie !,.. shared our i,,,.M t Will, I.a, , Hell d KeseO', , ,. Ne steekhc's. were hy them disclose, 1 ' Uieir walils vu,,. ,, T . ' Were whl.is! snivi And en en, , ..I.,. ,rmv reposed A siriii-hi-ciit lung ,jr ,. ,, (rh7(,Hi Se bangs are back ! A whirligig' Old Se runs the world! And vvhelher hair U fij.,., ,. eurlei'l. nines iciiiriiiiig ! - '"i"1 i miisii ...aits ,i biiriiiug. I'll, ll"l CI C'l I'll N li!,n, Observe the sequel melanchelv ; Old m-iiii pa s carried efT his feet lly some young flapper pert ami felly n. a. was net mil:, ,, llin(,v ,, M,pperi both k '"'' I '" heys- high school. The hev'.' 1 ,b .clioe continued and that of the gl'rls' win hsed because people said that boys n.el-.l 'lucalmii but Kirs did net. Pub! , opinion is ...nsiderahly uieie liberal tedav. i e Dees n girl want te teach? If 0 she nay cheese (,e academic course lcndln-' e he ,r,,,a! s, hnel or te college. " .7,n . i.ierclal work her ambition? If this is P courses'";,,, I '", ' -x-ell.tr V.',,Hr1.:r.V7 coin is m,. a well-ieurn ed program of s.ml es which will make her south. L i. employers upon hi "Dees n skilled IlllU HI' Ml I,, ,i,. -.., "s "r iiiiii r s u iiei ts ' .. this cis. si,,, will find full previsi, I, f,,,'1 liei inter, sis j,, ,.. Trades Scheel for Clr -'' iiiii' i r 1 1 1 iiiiiir'ii iiiif .... ni.;i.. .. II' "I'llllfl.t ul.i.ll i , . ' ". si e i ii -, .,. ' ', '"r I" enter (he normal sche I ."nr high m hee U of tedav i, I . catienal schools. Thev L v,; . in W v"' !'' Mudies ami i,, ,:lll7""'' Thev ptepme for ,.','. ",;':;'' nu.ipl uieir f.iei'ities te tl,,. ,.,i 'ucy , ten III".. " " '"Oil. I 1,'V SHORT CUTS The news from Hosten that flappers nre buckling their overshoes proves they arc net Iluppcis. Yeu make another smile in the world every time jeu fend a Christmas feenl en its travels. Adam was the first te dissent from the declaration that tin apple a day keeps the doctor away. The only capital La Follette eleesn't hate is the capital he makes of the errors of his opponents. "A man is what he eats." .said an old philosopher. Dees that make Clcincnceau a hard-boiled egg? Sunhury. P.i., man Imitated n hear nnd was tilled with buckshot. A bear for pun ishment, as It were. In re the feminist movement, we note the pielleicncy of u Western woman with the hammer and saw. funics have changed Indeed when Irish Republicans describe Tim Ilcnly as u life long enemy of the nation. I.ivnlve, N. .1., fnrmers are giving the eather Man the rapberry. That is te say. the berries are growing despite the snow. .Justly or unjustly Father Penn begin te Incline te the belief that Ceneral Weed is somewhat of an expert at the game of fust and loose. These who want Ambassador Harvey recalled befnuse lie said Ameiicu is needed In I.urepe are straining t u K,,ai after havlns walked a mile. When the Picsident calls a meeting of (.overneis te consider prohibition what, Hill 1 S)kc want te knew1, will the (Joverner L. .". (!,""'i''-' ' te the Governer of Seuth Carolina? One suspects that Rnrah's amendment te the Ship-Subsidy Hill providing that I lilted States ships be free of Pannnin tells is designed less te help I'nited States ships, tliun le hum. t,e Ship-Subsidy Hill. He is ever leadv le use any old Issue ns a monkey wrench. What De Yeu Knew? quiz 1. Whi m the I'ewei.-, of the Tour-Pewar I'.lCltll! 1 ...ltV ' -'. Who .no Ibe .M.irenlte"? .1. X hat I.s a pliaies I. lllt is nncie" & What Is mi an ht'ihh!,. ,. .. ti namuV?""1 ,M Cuy of A!,terl11 xvl!','! '.' "I? I"l,l,,!,t ,lv,,'l at animals? i e. lengist aqueduct lu th 9' AVI",'. ",'-''' Ul" ''.-Uls-eients In the Hatthi feiu'lit:',r"'01,y il1"' "lH" was U 10. What Is a kiviieel. , Answers tn Saturday's Quiz "Hicivvn ll.'Hs" win the popular name or the KnglMi icmilatlen nint-Ieck mui Ket ,ln me t,,vvaid the end of the Igl'tfcntli century. Wuricii llnsiuii.h was nn Hnglksh statos states iiiiiii who Iilc.i ,,e, I,, nn the 111 Mt .oveiiier (leiiei'.il of India, He was Imp. ached in 17x7 en the chaige of high crmes and mhclc mtanuiH lu the iidinliilsttallen , ( ,p, elllce. His trial. 0110 01 tin, most famous In lilstui). asted irein 17sx le 171)0, and rcnulled In tils nciiilttal. The Intel 1 eel nn, f intltuil,, 0. lenirl- tin 0 0 is, In tlm (Julf f eliilne.i, about 100 miles oil the (. Id Const of Africa. I. The Ilov. i-iuKu.u;..' 1.1 hpelicn lu Jlaim- IMS! Ill1 C. Cieman is a 11.11110 f eirlmVan origin, npl (1 Inesi'l te v.uleus alligators, r ,a. "sjicclnl x th;. .Seuth American 0 The .Spanish I'aiiiuinent Is called tbu I 01 tl s 7. 1'lflv-tw per cent of (be feie'irn trail') of tlm United Ktatis was can lexl diirliig the vpar cndlmt necenili. ' -- In vc-Hfls flying the A-ner 1 1 flag. 3. Tluce Italian military cOnmTlindei-s pi 0111. in 1' In tlm World War vvere ln.iK Made.'P.i and Ca.leiua JI. Tlm Ivery Ce.a t u kkIeii of French Wis' Afrii 1 in ihe (lulf of auluci lying wesi of the (leld Coast, in, 1. cur roeda make nn ncre In pquare me 1 ere Ife1 .llVfKVi..