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ce I'e-Mlaent and Treasurer:
Secretary: Chart's It, I.udln-
i. jenn n. Williams, jenn J.
CleMsmlth, David E. Binllty.
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KEYSTONE, MAIS HOI
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r-hllidelphli, Mendsr, Netraser 11. 11
FREE SPEECH DOWNTOWN
THEHH nre some fail nml orae follies
usually thu worst that Hiin-ntl asi quickly
vs Influenza. Only n tew jeari hke tliu
peeple wlie ntti'tiiptcd te lntcrtcre In (inc
way or nnother Avith the normal court of
tttn upe'h or te use? threat" or reprisals
ajaliut i:H'n ivhe Insisted en penl;lns their
minds in all henMy vere justly accused e(
ktrberltig n spirit of tyranny.
Only n few ndventtiroue and mlRRtilded
folk tried anything of flint pert iu the open.
Yetltwesen Armistice Day a dny associated
with the highest conceptions of human lib
erty thut a downtown politician of the
Vare organization closed a hall te n pest
t the Araericnn I.egien tentite, en a prier
occasion, a member of the Letien hnd ven
tured te criticize Senater Heed for his atti
tude In relation te the soldier tonus. Frank I
.T. Ryan, Vare lender in the Thlrtv-slxth
Ward, who refued the Garland Pest per- I
mlsiden te use the Vare committee room at ,
Point llreez'' nr-nuu and Wlmrten street,
la only a straw en the current. Political '
speeches with vh!ch he didn't agree were '
made In the hall, he is reported te have i
iRld. It doesn't fcem te bae occurred te I
him that members of the Legien are tree j
eltrcens with n right te the full exprepInn
of any political opinions they choefe te held.
The only thing that Ryan eeuld de l.e did.
Tie shut his hall. Had lie power !. mlshf
S t , . 1 II. ...t.A 1 1
imve au Ttarranw wuru. iih h.ir.u .,w;
I'aiii'u t'Ui uie ?iufcT; wviivu u, wrHrt u
RED CROSS ROLLCALL
IN THE Red Cress relkall new under wa
particular LtreM t-t laid upon the obliga
tion for service in the home field as well as
Jn stricken regions of the Old World, such
as Russia and the Near East.
It has been specifically declared that the
plight of thousands of disabled ex-s'TVlce
men "has a first mortgage upon the fundi
of the Red Cress," and that "the Govern
ment Is net mere equipped te handle the
problem than the Pity of Philadelphia can
administer te all these vhe seed charity."
J. Washington Jcffer, assistant manager
71 tun vwisii.iisi.uii U1WS1UU Ok IUI- JVl'U
Cre... who makes this statement. Indulges
a aL ,-. 1.1........ .11. !-.. .1... D..1
In this instance mere in fact than In critl
dim. The lapses of the Guvernment In
earing for these injured in its defense can
not be repaired merely by abuse or by
utterances of Impatience.
The authorities in Washington unques
tionably have been stirred into mere vigor
ous activities nnd are endeavoring te
broaden the nrepe and inerea? the effec
tiveness of their ministrations. .Meanwhile,
tbe imperative needi of many incapacitated
x-seldters nre extremely pressing, and In
Eastern Pennsylvania alone the care of
24,000 such men is declared te be the prime
concern of the Southeastern Pennsylvania
Chapter of the Red Cress.
The present rellcnll, Immediate, practical,
th object of which is te enlist LT.0,000
members in the organization, warrants tin
substantial support of a community long j
niiungumneu ier its ncmevemenis in il
The 1,000.000 refugees In the Levant as
suredly need assistance and are receiving It
In n way that does honor te the name of
America. Rut it Is worth reiterating that
the Red Cres has r.ut taKen Mrs. Jellyby
as Its model and is net directing Its vision
exclusively f far-dlstai:1 regions', wretched
nnd anguished though they may be. Dis
tress within the horizon of all of us ha the
RIFTS IN ISLAM
REPORTS et Turkish national adv.icary
of Mustapha Kemal ter Cullph nrrlk
lngly Indicate a condition 0t anarchy in the
Moslem world that is the complete antithesis,
of the picture of solidarity drawn by senua senua
tlenallsts who have viewed what is super
ficially termed the awakening of lylara as a
menace te Christian civilization
The bogie of the Jehad or holy war was
Industriously bu: unavailing!.? exploited by
the Germans in the early htages of the world
upheaval. It failed net only because of the
historic cleavage between the two great
Mohammedan Heets, the Sunnltes of the
West and the Shlltes of the East, but also
because of the deep-rooted feeling that the
Turks are barearlnn upstarts unwarrant
ably arreratln,? te themselves a position of
dominance ecer their oe-religionists.
It Is telated of nn (nlluential Persian j
chieftain thnt he succcs,,t jiiy countered the
prepagandising efforts ui the Gi rmans in his
country during the world eentlict, pointing
out, as w-ell he nilijht, that the ai.cendancy
of Turkey premised nothing but danger for
Persia nnd thnt tl.e Shiites of that land
were historically and fundamentally opposed
te further revelation of a Turkish religious
head at Constantinople,
It Is n matter of record that the revolt
of the Arabs Iu the Ilcdjit7, birthplace of
Islam, was prlmarllv baeed upon the con
tention that the Otteman Caliph was a
usurper and that thi title was deserved only
by a descendant of the tribe of Kerelsh, of
aristocratic lineage In Mecca.
If the latest proposal, following the ex
tinction of the civil powers of the Sultan,
sfteuld mean that the assumption of the
aplrltuul authority of Krmul as Caliph will
! carried out, thu disruption of Islam would
luestienably be husteneii. This energetic
Itlenal leader, a patriot if you will, but
k.- -''aumiredljr secular in all his plans and pur-
AJi .S'T-ua MMaMAMcaB ha! Afuti tin. cIati,!.. .llnleta
VS I I'vS"'"'' '" ""' "' "-- ......... r.
vS8' religious leadership of which the Osmanll
v$W)tB In Constantinople has boasted. It is
Viijmm hinted that Kemal Pasha Is partly of
xMVOkTleusly, his primary endeavor is te re
stitute nirney as a eeii-eium-iem, nine-
tt nstien, unhampered by "capltula-
for foreigners and free te formulate
concession seugUr may ne
partly or wholly Mohammedan, such as
Persia, Afghanistan, Egypt, India, Arabia
nml Dutch East Indian colonies, which are
virtually certuln te dispute Its validity.
It Is worth while te take cognizance of
the fact that the unification of Islam, a
solidarity often feared but never really
existent since the ninth century A. D., Is
receiving fatal blows by the revival of the
national spirit in Turkey.
RADICALISM IN AMERICA
IS A DRESSED-UP BUGABOO
Se-Called Extremists Elected te Cenjrreim
Are for the Most Part Harmless Ad-
Tecatea of Change in Petty Detail
pAMCALlSM does net .lst In the
United States within the meanliiK of
(he term as ued in Europe. The w-called
radirah who have been elected te the next
Congress would for the most part be re
garded ns nothing mere than liberals in
England or en the Continent.
The triumph of genuine radicalism en
this continent dates from the surrender of
Cernwnllls nt Yorklewn. When we framed
our Constitution we set tip n Government
of n mere mdieal character than had
hitherto bn'n known. That In,. It dug up
by the roots the old systems und set up n
new sstem based absolutely en the popular
will, and It provided ays by which that
will could nt nnj time make Itself effective.
The pre-rcvolutienary Russian radicals
who attacked the autocracy, the German
radicals who fought the monarchy, and the
Rrltlsh radicals who hie no uce for the
throne were or nr" kin te the American
retoltitienary father?, but net te the Ameri
cans of the present generation. It must be
admitted that the pmall handful of Social
ists and Communists who seek te bet up u
new kind of government here are genuine
radicals in the European sense. Rut they
have se little Influence that they are scarcely
worth consideration. When radicals and
radicalism ere discussed it Is tl.e extremists
in the old parties that ere meant.
And their radicalism is very mild for the
most part. They de net attack the fabric
of Government nt all, for fortunately they j
knew that whatever tha people deini they
can get In the long run. What tl.ey seek i
is that the Government shall interfere te
redress grievances or remove abuses which
at one time were supposed te be outbid" of '
the province of the State.
The Farm Rlec, for example, 1 asking for
legislation te make It ennier for farmers te
borrow money en the security of thir land
or thir crep3. There was a time when it
teuld hare been nrgued that they should
,, nC(1 te ,vefk out th(,,r 0,vn sr,lvntleni
and that If their credit at the bankH was net
gned they could net expert the banks te I
lend them money any mere than a inanu- j
faettirer whes' credit vas bad could ex
pect the banks te accommodate him. Hut
n ll'tle mere rareftil thought en tl.e sub
jei r '..as been followed by an appreciation I
of the peculiar position of the farmer. IIIb
crops are net a quick n-et. and lie needs
money for a longer period than the manti- '
facturer needs it. His p-efits are net large.
and when he borrows money te pay fur his
farm he needs te hav pereral years in
which te pay off the lean.
These facts have been taken Inte the
reckoning, and something has been dena te
.i,i .1.. I,.,'.. l.,.l .... ,. f...l..
! vnM" th" h" ? Wd men"7 n re f"",y
en the crops, and farm banks have 1 een
established te provide money for the pur
chase of farms. These farm leans run for
several years and are paid off in rmr.ll In
stallments from year te year. Wlin tl.e
farmers are asking for correction of defects
In these laws they are net asking for any
I fundamental changes. The laws themselves tis vt evading them by f ivorable -n all na
I were drafted te permit thn bar.Va te receg- tiens with no authctiti" interest In sea-
nlre th" peculiarities of the business of
farming. If they nre net perfect no one can
have any arieus objection t ninkin? them
There s nothing for which the farmers
new ask that is se radical In the American
een8e ns the Interstate Commerce Law that
transferred the power of railroad rate-fhlnc.
from the freight and passenger agents of
the railroads te n redral commission.
This law was fought by the railroads iu
unconstitutional, but the Supreme Cour'
decided that th radicals who framed the
Constitution In 17S0 had conferred en the
Government they set up ample power te
regulate the railroads, ertn though the rail
roads had net then been Invented.
It Is worth while remembering that n
Constitution based en the theory that the
seat of power Is !n the people, and that the I
, peeple can de what thry will, la a pretty '
: radical document itsslf, and that nothing
ter Weicn ine people nsu wi'ier mat con
stitution is half e radical as the document
! It niKy net be e-jpeden' at 'he present
i time te grant some of the demands of the
' se-called radicals, but 'hat Ir r.et because
they Involve any revolution. They de net.
I They are simply feeling about for remedies
for evils that have grown up in the course
of the development of a small agricultural
Natien en the Atlantic seaboard Inte a great
agricultural nnd Industrial cetnrr.unlty cev-
' er'.ng half n continent.
' It Is the effect of these demands upon the
fortunes of the two political parties thnt Is
disturbing the political leaders at the jires-
ent time rather than their effect en Amerl
can institutions. The party which Is most
richly endowed with realistic, thinkers able
te face the facts is the one which is likely
te preflt most by the grewlrg unrest with
things ns they are. The stand-pattern are
deemed te a place, en the sidewalk while
the precession moves by. lie advocates of
n policy of Inaction will be left shouting
their futilities te the empty nlr.
The first maxim in the primer of Ameri
can theory is thnt It Is the function of the
Government te carry out the will of the
mojerlty. The corollary going with this
preposition U thnt the majority will con
stitute Itself Inte a party te get Its will.
The party whose leaders seek te guide the
course of the present unrest will be used ns
Its Instrument and be known us liberal,
perhaps as radical. The party whose leaders
light It will be called conservative, Jf no
harder name Is applied te It.
WINGS OF THE NATION
FOREIGN Governments even these that
profess loudly te be stone broke con
tinue te lavish money for the continuing
development of military and commercial
aviation. Meanwhile, American tilers in
the nary, the army and the alr-mall service
put their Mm n peril er.ry day and run
desperate effort te convince the Congress of
the United Htates that the airplane 1ms
arrived and ought te be taken seriously.
All Perieral appropriations for flying In
this country lint c been cut te the bone nt
recent sessions. The nlr mall, which Is in
reality n great school of training and ob
servation for American pilots, was consid
ered n failure In the Heuse because it didn't
show n preflt. Its activities were therefore
curtailed. Army and navy fliers have been
Lieutenant Maclleady nnd Lieutenant
Kelly, of the army, who, after breaking all
flying endurance record", started te make n
non-step flight from San Diege, Calif., te
New Yerk, and were forced by a damaged
engine te land near Indianapolis, are
technically listed as test plletr. Theirs la
the dangerous work of experimenting in
hard practice with new types of
machines. They were out, of course, te
Improve their technique nnd l( test the
staying power of the newest types of meter
Rut they had another purpose, nnd that
was te attract the hard nnd unfriendly eye
of Congress nnd te melt Its even harder
and lesa friendly heart. Any one who can
appreciate courage or be thrilled by revela
tions of human nplrnt!en and endurance
will lament the accident that drove the two
tilers te the ground after their flight from
the Coast through darknes nt a rate of
speed that aemetltncu exceeded leO miles nn
hour. But Congress is npt te feel that Us
own exclusive opinions have been corrobo
rated. The machine fell, didn't It? Yeu
never can depend en nn airplane!
OUR SHRINKING FLEET
THE chances of tinrilng n niw gem of the
ocean in th republic of Panama nre net
mi bright as n sudden and extraordinary ex
pansion of its merchant marine might teem
Although, as a consequence of the "dry"
flilp ruling by which two large nnd hand hand hand
Bome 20,000-ten liners ure te furl the
American Hag and substitute the Isthmian
standard, the commercial fleet of the little
nation will acquire nn unexpected prestige,
further additions at this time are mero than
The Resolute and Reliance, ferclgn-bullt
vessels of the United American Unea, were
transferred less than a year age from Dutch
te American registry en the condition that
they could be placed under another flag If
interpretation of the Prohibition Law
seemed te make such a change iiecevnr) .
Rut this was a special egreen ent, apart
from the ordinary operation of the laws
which forbid changes of registry of Amer
ican ehlps without permission of the .Ship
Rut netwithslnndinc this check upon n
j threntcned collapse of the American mer
I chant marine, the story of the Resolute and
Reliance dec3 net make Inspirlt'ng reading.
The "ituntlen lu M-vcrnl r.-qiecu Is bl?arre,
even ridiculous. The I'nilc .States letcs
two line vessels which might otherwise be
of signal value in iuch u troep-e.irrjliig
emergency ns confronted the United States
in the World War.
There are only two ships, the America
and Geerge Washington, new in service
under the national Hag thnt are lanrer than
the Resolute nnd th" Reliance. Little
Panama, a ceuntiy without any maritime
distinction whatem-, does net, of course,
They will possibly never ply from any
Isthmian pert. Om the Pacilio side the
republic is without decking facilities for
biiips of their size, since the chief modern
harbor is Ralbea, under Canal Zoe juris
diction. The Panamanian flags which will lly at
their sterns will be meiely teehnicpl, though
llgal, emblems of immunity frm the
American "dry" laws, which shipping con
cerns consider destructive te passenger
The situation, aside from the com
mentary which i: ptevides upon "dry"
law enforcement, Is another reminder of
the difficulties with which American ship
ping has te i or lend and et the uppnrtum
trade under their tiags.
i E-en before the Eighteenth Amendment
I was passed several Atn'-ricnn steamship
! lines sought te elude the burdens of oppres
sive restrictive maritime legislation by regis
tering their new ferrign-huiit ships In
' Latin-American republics There are thus
United Fruit I'empany vessels iljlng the
little-known banner of Honduras, Ward
I freight liners with home, ports in .Mexico,
I and ether Ameilcan-ennrd ships proclaim
i ing the commercial "sea-power" of Tuba.
Important ns the prohibition question may
, be deemed by Amcrlenn i hipping concerns',
it is net this alone te which present and
prospective dissolution of our merchant ma
rine may be ascribed. Ti.e whole subject of
1 shipping legislation is In tieed et thorough
I new treatment, s'ich, 'or (sample, as Mr.
Harding aims te accord it in the carefully
' devised subsidy meaure.
It is quite conceivable thut, with into)!!'
gently prepared nnd helpful shipping laws
in rerce, tne iteseiute ami the Reliance,
V'cn J,itl,!?h fiarr'-d ffOW dispensing
J0 t,") ek00- M net have
AN EXPERT'S OPPORTUNITY
DR. ROYAL S. f'OPELAND, Senator Senater
elect from New erk, v.-li !c cei feS,ine
his ignorance of many pelnr of the political
game, has r.e hcliatl..n n asserting that
he will work in Washington for repeal or
drastic revision of "t.iv lily Immigration
This is a subject in wh'.ch politics, how
ever subtle or adroit, should give way te
expert opinion. Congressman and Scnaten
have nluncrd the diUic.lt ;ir.d Inrrim. ..,
migration, problem In tragic confusion. The !
quota law, whatever its thieiettcal basis,
has In many instances bcT cruel and bru
tally rigid In its eper.'.lnin, te iny nothing
of the shter absurdities that hate charac
terized Its enfercernen'
Dr. Copeland, as Ilral'h Commissioner of
New Yerk, has had mimereus opportunities
for first-hand study of immigration. His
practical experience at home has heen sun.
elemented with investigation abroad In these
countries where the nedus re our shore Is
','reatest. He will perform a public service
of the first order if he u enabled te Instruct
the national legislature upon a theme which
-'emend' and has. in Washington, seldom
received authoritative treatment.
Experts upon Important phases of the
social structure cannot be drtrimental te the
functioning of geed government, even
though such specialism may be termed ama
teurs In politic", what the voters of Nevv
Yerk State think uf the value of a prefes.
stenal in lines that require scientific train
ing Is evidenced lu the Impressive vetu Be
corded "wimrri" Charles P. Rtclnmet-,
who ns candidate for State Engineer ran
far ahead of the defeated Socialist ticket en
which his name nnneared,
Pelnenre says Trance will act alene
against Oennnnv if the Allies balk at the
Rrussels conference. Treubln therefore with
Rrusseln sprouts with Germany en the
A cursory glance at the congressional
dpile justifies the fear that the farm'
blee mar prove fif veu don't oMeet
, JWcY feTrnVn w7T".. te atTne:
taking your metaphors scrambled) a chop-
AS ONE WOMAN SEE8 IT -.., .- r- - . -.-.w
There Can Really Be Se Oif erenee of
Opinion as te What te De With
Heirlooms if Common Sense Holds
Consultation With Expert
ncss and Knowledge
Dy SARAH D. LOWRIB
WHEN I wrete last Friday of coal-mine
conditions in Unlontewn, Payette
County, Pa. I referred te the company as
the Rerwlnd-White Company. It was 'net
the Rerwlnd -White Company. Its mines
being forty mllen away. The name of thnt
firm, therefore, had properly no place In
the story of the 0000 men, women nnd chil
dren en the hills of Unlontewn, the unfor
tunates for whom the State has provided
nurses nnd doctors nnd medical and hospital
I have It from officials of the Hervvinri
v hite Company that none of their empleyes
was evicted during the recent trouble, and
the matter is here set forth in nil fairness
in order te keep the record straight.
I hasten te correct that error in my atery
which otherwise was a very mild version
of the present situation around Unlontewn.
fJIIIE following amusing letter from the
A curator of the Penns.vlvnnln Museum
out at Memerial Hall continues the general
subject discussed in this column n week nge
en "What te De With One's Heirlooms."
I hnd received n request from the owner
of some heirlooms te ndvle her ns te the
proper museum for their hesteynl. It seemed
thnt she had her own reasons for net leaving
them te her family. 1 gave n list of the
museums In this town, nnd n characteriza
tion of each by way of suggesting what each
would welcome as n gift and what each was
likely te dlscnrd.
I evidently alarmed (he Pennsylvania
Museum n little by suggesting that It might
like n geld repeater in its Christmas stock
ing, or words te ihnt eflecf. It was care
less of me net te speiifv that it must be a
repeater signed by n noted goldsmith, pref
erably nn English goldsmith. I make
amends by inserting the delightful letter
that came posthaste te the city editor from
Mr. Woodhouse, the curater:
Te the Editor of the Evening Vublie Ledger:
Sir In the Friday r.vxsmi Pudue
J'tpfM Sarah D. t.ewrle discusses the
whele matter of f.tmllv heirlooms jnd
treasured possessions, carefully cherished
nits,' that If "left te the tender mercies
or the. oncoming generation become the
netsam and Jetsam of an overcrowded old
trunlc In a, storeroom for ene decade, then
a curiosity In a cabinet, and then the
chance object of n rummnRe tvle."
The writer sucgests vaileus Philadelphia
museums in which such objects may tlnd
their permanent and in.mlul abiding
places. New. I should like tc say that 1.
uh curator of the collections of the Penn
svlviinia Museum at Memirl.il Hull, naree
heartily with the wilt, rs ide i of pre
serving nil the worth-while thlngn of the
OHHV. v e n.rn cnlmtnnt'i. .e;ir,h m en,
such treanuris nnd i.ilsinir funds te buy
them. 3ut we want and must have only
material of true v.ilue.
The idea In tinfeitutiatelv prevalent
amenjf seme donors th.it Mimciial Hall
la what Ita riame slgti'ties a memorial
Is seldom Reed artletleall Pur Instance,
v.e de net want u hair wuath ns a
memorial te seme one's .un i l.inmn, how
ever dear that old ladv i bvgene dave
may have been te the d in r. Pray de
net drlve up te the deer vt the Pennsvl.
anla, Muneutn tth ;i wmle.id of old
pliinea or of wax Hewci. made lv various
little Susans and llttie Jni.es. We really
are net In desperate nn. of that fez
embroidered In peails fcr I'ncle Jehn, nor
cf Aunt Hctlles lest injr tower of Pita
niade in alabaster.
The numereua family i ndlcs offered te
us for safekeeping had Le-t remain with
the family lares mid pennies In the
tittle, or wheiever medi rn apartment
dweller cnshrlnu such te Is. The family
cradle in n thliur sacr d 1 1 the lamlly. and
net te the museum or te the urt-aceklm:
MIhh T.owrle Mih-gesti giving grand
lather a ifeld repeater te a tcwn muteuni.
Te us the movement would be the only
patt of any Intetest. The geldsmltlilug of
the cover of the repeater of our averaKO
ancestor has no partlcul ir tuus'.um In
terest when for fl'Ti I can bus n, ulmllar
object of perfected wcrlcmvibhlii slitned by
l'arbuiy, one of JlnplanclB meu noted
Yet there Is In eome museum a place
for such a repeater rs the avetage ene of
us may have te offer. Indeed, for cverv
jrlft there is doubtless a suitable museum.
Lit the Kcncreus donor fellow Miss
Lewrln's pced advlce and seek Just the
appropriate) Institution. It Is unfertunatu
te Klve un nrtkle of rare art'stla merit
te the Historical hrelptv or chc-lce por
celains te the I'.thiic logical Museum.
Let the prospective donor feel certain
that re matter te which of our museums
he applies with his mementoes of past
times they will lcee the appreel-ittve
attention of the c tirnter, and remember
that the JVniisylv una Museum Is ulvvaya
glad te give advice en this subject.
l W. woedhoush:, ja., Curator.
OP COURSE, Mr. Woedliou knows his
business when lei flngs just any geld
watch which strikes the hour, but I would
like te remind him that old )er.sens who
possess engraved geld repeater that be
longed te their ancestors und which they
nre minded te give away le a museum piob pieb
ably lave ether things that tiie.v value less,
but which may be of greater value as ob
jects of historical ait. Mr.ce they lire
willing te give what I hey value most, they
may easily lie glad M give what the museum
autherltlcj would value mere
In short, it would be worth the trouble te
leek such givers up net Jmt write and
ndviee them. In turning down a geld re
peater or a watch ceveied with garnets, the
museum may lese something else of unique
value. These old houses and the old fami
lies that are dying out in them have tucked
away wonderful old thing that they have
lest the history and the value of.
Even dealers can be caught napping. In
a dealer's collection of old china I otice
found a Dutch flower painting of real value
dropped in the dust buck of v.m shelves of
glass. I bought it from that dealer fur .$5.
He knew the trade value et cverv piece of
glass and china in the place, n)t )1() did
i.et understand pictures; thev were out of
his line. He certuinly had no use for that
old masterpiece which he Inn picked up nt
a sale in a Gerinnntewn house- with some
English eighteenth century pc,rcelniils that
he hail paid ery (,eud prle for und for
which he meant ie pet an cci tetter one
bJ' w(,y " Pre0t
LAST week in a ncaiby town f w-as
shocked nt the prices for glass and
furniture in a secend-hiiml shop, hut 1
bought without any haggling for SO two
white. and-geld china fruit baskets of a very
lovely size and shape, that even from u
dealer's standpoint should have brought
double that nplece. That dealer only knew
furniture, and wna beginning te knew glass,
but china was beyond him us jet.
Se jeu cannot nlwavs Ml, There was
an old saying In n Scotch family that 1
"There may be mere than just the time
of duy in the clock case!"
Me gather i- isn't the
liquor trade that fellows
the llag nor does Old
Heech trail atom? with
'he Constitution. I here nre ships, vr, lenrn,
antletlB te fellow the example, of the two
liners who lowered Old Glory in order te
heist the ting of Panama. This Is because
en all foreign ships Jehn il.irlejcern is
rampant en the flags afier the three-mlle
limit is pushed. Hut the Shipping Heard
has called n halt en what might .easily be
come) a pernicious practice, if our mer
chant merlntj became somebody else's mer
chant marine, what would vvv de for extra
ships in case of war.' Mould the "Dry"
navy Buflice, de you suppose?
There is te be i:e minimum wage) for
women In the District of Columbia, the
Court of Appeals has decided, because
women being politically equal must be ulse
considered physically and economically equal.
The ladles will new proceed te shout "Heart
Hearl" t deep bass teIc.
NOW MY IDEA IS THIS!
Daily Talks With Thinking Philatlclphiaus un Subjects They
JOHN S. BRADWAY
On Lcfral Aid for the Peer Man
LEGAL aid for the person who cannot
afford te engage a competent lawyer i
one of the most significant developments of
modern American life, according te .lehn S.
Rradway, secretary of the National Alll
nnce of Legal Aid Societies and ns'dst.mt
secretary of tint National Commission of
"The movement for legal aid." snid Mr.
Rradway, "has the backing nnd support nf
the greatest lawjers in the country, le
renli.e that this is the case one has only te
mention thnt in our own State there are Sen Sen
aeor Pepper and William Draper Lewis; in
New Yerk. Hllhti Reet; .lehn II. Wigmore.
of Chicago, dean of the Law Scheel of
Northwestern University; Rescoe Pound. ciC
RoHten, dean of the Harvaid Law Scheel,
and that Secretary of State Hughes Is an
ex-president of the Nevv Yerk Legnl Aid
Seeiety. All these., great xacn lire nctively
interested in the work.
What Igal Aid Really Means
"Legnl aid is made' up of three things.
First, h engages in ordinary legal vverk,
prosecuting and defending eases and advis
ing clients. It has a possible clientele of
about eS.iAiO.OUO persons in the United
States, as it is estimated thnt there is that
number of persons in the country who ne
earning U-s than ShOO in family greiiH.
Manife alv these persons cannot pay tutor tuter
ncj'.s fee',, and jet their legal rights mu t
"The various legal aid organizations of
the tsiuptrv have about 100,000 clients n
vear, and for these clients Die cirganiatlens
collect every year about ?a00,000 In meiie.v
vvrnngfullv withheld from them. Hut only
a very small percentage of the cases come
Inte court, most of them being settled out
side. It is the desire of thn legal aid soci
eties net te bring suit unless it is uilu.i y
i,eeesaiv ; and when money is wrongfully
withheld, and the persons withholding tt
see that their eierilters huvc capable) legal
advice, thev usually settle without suit.
Natutally me& of these cases are wage
"In the second place, the legal aid so
cieties imlieate te the vurieun State Legis
lature the legislation needed te icmcely
certain conditions, The uual class or cases
which neeel legislative) attention are the
lean sharks, real estate dwindles nnd fake
stocks, lu thin connection the famous old
Raker easy will be remembered, a cu-e in
which thousands of persons, claiming te be
heirs of a man named Raker, who it was
asserted, owned the ground upon which the
Philadelphia 'liy Hnll new stands, were
Induced te give up thousands of dollars te
recover their 'right",' which, of course,
Many Unimportant Citscs
"Anether case which (he legal aid society
of this city handled successfully wits that of
n fake Christmas club, of which the pro
moters simply leek the money and ilh ap
pealed. Theje are the kinds of cases which
the average attorney would net handle be
cause there would net be enough in them for
him te give the time and attention iicces.arv
te win the suits. In these cases the legal
nld societies find the conditions und sug,c,i
remedial legislation. ...
"The thiid btanch of the work is Ameri
canization. The legal uid organizations
bring home te a let of persons in a com
munity the fact that theie Is some one In
authority who will enforce the lows in their
behalf. They work In the Interest both of
thn citizens and of the foreigner in n com cem
munity, and the force of the cases prosecuted
is very great. Every one In u umimuiiit.v
knows about cases prosecuted by the legal
aid oigiiniutlens, and the whole community
iculisieH that seimi one Is seeing that the law
is fult If and Judicially administered and
that It Is net simply a written instrument,
but something te be lived up te.
"Legal uid had its inception in 1870 in
New Yerk Slate. It begun ns n society te
protect immigrants from swindlers, but as
such its Held was necessarily circumscribed.
About 18S0 it began te develop nnd new
each Statu has its legal aid organization.
Some are private ns in New Yerk and seme
are municipal ns in Philadelphia, but the
tendency new Is toward public ergnnuutiniiH
rather than private.
Four Stages of Development
'The reason for this is a chnnge in the
conception of what legal aid really iiicans,
and there hare been four stages in this de-
KCmffjBjT esBSSSSSWsssWsi?. tIA kUfsssfV HseassssssssXSCsUlBsBBs? 3 'X sBsT
velepment. The first wns the proprietary
stage, ns exemplified in the original New
Yerk organisatien, which was for Ihe ben
efit ofene particular class. The second was
the idea of legs! niri lis a chnrity; the third.
Ihe bleu net se much of a charity as et
jusiiee for all the people. There is a ells
tinciinu between these, justice being con cen
tillered ns an Inalienable right te which all
nre entitled and chanty as something which
the recipient gets because some one else is
willing te give it te him. The fourth, the
piesent stage, regnrds legal aid ns n pnrt of
the general betterment of the administration
of justice, nnd this includes, the Small
Claims Courts, the Court of Demestic Re
lations and elhcrj along the same general
"Legal aid new has the backing of the
people a- a whole. Much depends upon
the community. In Cleveland ir has splen
did support; but the Easl Is rather mere
conservative, although in New Yerk City
anil Ro.sten the biggest legal Arms are sub
scribe! s te the principle. The American
liar Association has a special committee en
legal aid, and at Its meeting last summer it
Indorsed the idea and recommended that
every hecal bar association appoint a com
mittee un i,.Ral aid. The great value of
this indersement lies in the fact that it
shows that there is no conflict between the
legal aid societies nnd the lawyers who aie
dependent upon their f.'es for their living.
Confined te Larger Cities
.t present legal aid is ren fined te tales
of Kill, iiimi population or mine. Tl.ete are
new f.ei t.v -one legal aid organizations in the
country and several in Canada with which
the American nrgaiiiratieiis vveik. VIille
the lden originated iu this country, it. hr.s
leen copied by several foreign nations.
"There is a strict rule against accepting
cases from clients able te ay atimnevit'
tees nnd when it is found that the applicant
is flnnnciiilly able te pay a lawver llie
society will net handle Ids case. The spe
cial work ihut the National Anseeiatiun s
doing new is trving te stanclanlle the vverk
within certain limits, te thut it will be a
real help te people ami will net git into
the hands of peiseiis who will use it for
their personal p,eiit. '' r,, . u m,iher of
c'enuniiiees working at siandaidi.ing the
dlrfeieiit phases of the work.
''The Icgul aid organlaiiens will usuiilh
elpfeiid or pruseesiic an just Miit, but
irel'tmrllj de net touch negligence) cases lae.
cdeiit suit 1 1 or divorce cases, because of the
chance m making u lee in the first instance
nnd as a matter .if public policy i tin
t",,!"",'V i"'' Phase, however, is 'up te' the
indivleiiml associations. The principal work
is as prosecutor in civil suits.
"Seme of the cities have public defenders,
nmeiig them Hoten. Les Amteles ii cm
Everybody knew Ger
man Mark ueiihi e.i.
,, , . ''ipsa nfter the war; for
I m h-rniii was givat. Rt there was also
biispi.ieu thr cert.-, big financiers m.
Bi.nt luiiiiMriallstH for their , 2, pri c
emlH would tr te persuade him t ,," ,"
was sicker than he really was. Thnt hi".
......... ,, ee u iiieiistire, iiiii rine.,1 I,,. ,1,.
J',;"1 '! expeits ciill.,1 into ceiisl,,, a,., ' .
;;"eeler Vir.h. They u.lmit M ark ' a
Mck Mil, but they de net favor t," bleed
trans i.sle,, f n fenlux hum si.ggest..d v
et I V t ti, ,Ue uH"l''"ts "f'.resa
Net nl this time. 0 t, centrury thev n
mission 'hat such
t rfetie.rii(.l,t. i.e .
, ... ..- '...."...I,.... ttitiiiii nt.
need is a strict diet and .cgulur 'bourn.
.-., 'u'Vfi t"1.' " C"a ,V0 ", SIIJIS Gpeercn
Otis Smith, termer director of the l',, ,,
State Geebgca Survey is cm i. .
mir children's childretue'u 'e. T is' fay'e
i t.r. I...
, - V v. "" "lrj '-""tenders' Commit-
WmI .,Mtt r?X t J ". lH." ll'l"'-"'"'nt of the
legal aid. 'Ihe idea is that under the law a
man Is innocent until he h proved m,i,
and as the public- pa,. ,, lUvvj,.r ( , ,.'
met AtleincM te oresecnt.. I. e., V. ..,'..,
that it should put up another lawyer' ,,
defend the i.c, used person and see that Ins
the Is done Hut the great principle lack
of legal a.d is te help out the u a i w he
an.int p,y nn attorney ami who, thou
is as.sistu.ae, wuuld )(J wh t , ,
Ship subsidy may have te travel en a
Penn nnd Pitt In their football togs
were as alike ns two P'a.
Velstead found Kvnle had mere thin
half of 1 per cent kick.
When Mers gees hunting for Trouble
his pointer Is Fear and his gun Cupidity.
Armistice Dny also served te remind
us that the Rig Four dropped nt the rate
of one a year.
We may new bend our energies te
saving up enough money te buy that
Somebody has been putting mere gas
eline into the rumor thnt Henry Ferd will
run for President in lOU-t.
Frem the first It has been feared that
November fog would settle in the threat
of the Lausanne conference.
Cooks will be put te it te dispose cf the
potnte crop, which is a way above the aver
age in Pennsjlvania. Het deg!
Canadian millionaire has married hl
dancing teacher. They expect te success
fully fox trot in double harness.
Fer once n careless and unregener.iie
world is inclined te cgree with a Chlcagn
professor. One of them says intelligence
tests arc principally bunk.
President Harding says Armistice D)
will nlwava be n notable day en our csl
endnr. This is n prophecy of continuous
peace; for war would rob the day of a'l
Annie Oakley has been Injured In sn
automobile accident in Daytenn, Fin. rlT
country's large nnd enthusiastic nraiy en'
deadheads unitedly hopes for her spel
There Is dlfferenc? of eplnliin as t
ihe effect of last Tuesdays election en th"
bootlegging Industry, but the bootleggers,
with characteristic modesty, have icfralned
from any interviews for publication.
Wkat D Y0U tt
1 When and tinder what President was it
111 st bathtub Installed lu the Whlt
". What wan th nama of the Austrian
Archduke) asbastlnattd at Sarajeve In
.". iJlstiiiKulnii between plurality and m-
Jerltv In elections. ,.
4 Of what kingdom Ih Rangkelc the capital?
... Who In Hie winner of the latest Nil
prle fi r distinction In literature"
, AMie was Philip Frencau?
e. Who originated the phiase, "Nothing In
bts lir became him llke thu leav-
. When did the I'.usso-Jnpanese War cow'
te an end?
0. Which le correct, "Welsh rabbit" r
"Welsh rarebit'": .k.
10. What Is th minimum depth of the
Puna ma Canal?
Answers te Saturday's Quiz
1. The first bathtub was Installed j'j
America by Adnm Thompson In 1
In his home In Cincinnati. J'ecl,0.rs
nt tacked It as a detriment te healtn.
" Tlie largest passenger ship new In serw
under the American llag la the tJeerg
3. The ureaiest of the pviamldn cf 1.BJP';
near Caire, wan built In the rtig" el
KIuk Clieeiir. .
i. The largest nnd mert Important of va
iiatlve Indian tribes of the Kastew
United Htates was the CheieKeis
K. The Cliigalese ure natives of i Wil
li. Chapairal Ih a tangle of dwarf iiaK';
le-, thorny tihruhii, etc. The word i
from the sjpai,jti "chapnrra," eer"
green oak. , . ....
7, Charles Is regarded ns the uiiluckie"
name for ItiiiKS. Charles I of l;.n
land was beheaded ; Charles II llf?
long in exlle; rimrles the t-lmplc
J-Vani-e died In a dungeon at .Jhateau'
Thierry; rhuilea 11 of Naples J
nssitHslnaleel ; c'lmrles X of I rnni-e
waa depesrd. and rhaib-H Huiisimtij
of Austrlu-lluiiuary wan dst.ireiicn
and banlBhed, AP
&. chaieu was the ferryman of I he !twer
regions in classical m thelmiy. ....ta
9. Token money is money vvhesy miW'1
m t ?,un,.i' I"1" tbuti Ita nominal '
10. In the- Ohlnese drama the property ";
4 aralt .
sits upon the