Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, November 11, 1922, Night Extra, Page 8, Image 8
BH 5 :itf "4 J V t ,: B -. N m' m $ r f-f LWrVi liAtf P Jvlrf.r lfc. Rf t I. re h . i ( 11 R.SSSLW.,- ilfwPipp tftfr " ' 8 fh ' Kueninj public Meager t PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY W emus r. k. ctnvna, Paasiesat rLtaka C. Martini Vic 1'reitltlent and Tiesaureri IVhWlM A. Trier, 8crtarvi c'harira II. J.uUlus- ten. Philip 8. Collin. Jehn II. Williams, .lehii .1. wnrcaan, Oaerca V, Oeldnmlth, David E, 8mlly, Plraetera, PAV1P II. SMtLKT Kdlfar k Jf0Hy c- MAIlTIN....anfral runlnm Manaaar 1 i Publish dally at Pcetie l.ttxira Building I Independence fc'quara, I'hlladelMilu, 'Atuntie Cut rreta-r;i(m HuiMing Kaw Yeik 'IIH M.i.ll-en Ae Prrxeir Mi Kerd llultdltur V. Let'ia 013 Ulobr-D'inecrtM HutMIng ClIICAOO i.,1302 Tritium Uulldltis NKU'H IllTtKAUS: wasiiixjte.s Bctueic, N. i:. Cor. rennsrivnnta Av. and Hlh t. Naw Tosh iirssic .Th Ht. HuU.IIrt Ie.XD0N DciiiD Trafatrar Hulldliif tUIUsCHIl'lluN 'IUIIMH: Tha ErtMMl I'l lit ie l.Miru In served te auli- crlbera lp l'lillailtliihln. mul suriiiunillus towns t tha rati- et twelve (I'.'l emit Pr Wc-el. pajaUla ,te tha carrier. I . Br mall te point eutal.W of Philadelphia In tn United Htalea. rmimln it l.'ultftl Mutes en aaalnna, pestac. fres, fllty (ROI rents per month. S)Ix (Irtl rlellais per veil. nn.lhl m silvanr Te ill fer-lun rnitntrlfa mm (tl) ilellar a itiutilli Netics Sulaurllen Hllng- adrtram chainwJ Bnutt slvu old as well at nv addrfM, lEI.t J009 WM.MiT i KEYsrONK. MMN 1601 tAddresa nil coinrniielcfllein te Ili'mtng Ptiblfe Ledger, Indtyrndtncr Situate, I'lilladrtphia, Member of the Associated Press TUB ASHOCt AlKn PKt'Xll 'telmlrrlv fu Uttcii te (li ii fnr irpublicaluiu n till tirun dispatcher credited te tt uf tml n(ierii lae neililnl In thin pavrr, cimI iijii thi tvcal iciim iribMilj'il (harrfn. All lights of trpuUtcallun e special Ulspalchtt htrtln arr also imnvrj. riilll.li-lpliii, ."jliud... Natdnlirr It, Wll BUSES AND BITTERNESS IT IS elf-erlilcut lluit uiolerliiii llni-i me needed in tlii" ilty Ie meet fi'iilut nf the tintitit problem beyond the Held uf trolley seriee. l'nr this renoeii I he eoiifi eeiifi cilmnnie resolution epenlns the mi for cn-eperatiiui of the Trmiflt ('einpniu mid the city en thin Mibjvet N ceininelidnble. Tliere Hie thoieughfuies, Mleh us the !oeevelt ISeutetntil nnd the I'nrlaviiy, in here efficient Kiiiellnvhiix erril would lie must lerdlnlly wehemed The time l filse fust :ipiie:ieliiiig when the qiietieu t tielley car.-. In the (entinl hiiine dUttlels . must come, up for leniui roiiHiderntieu. If 'the bun- me fmiml piaillcnble they ieiiIiI j lie used te notable advantage in retigcted .' nrcn. as has been the ui-e lu I'aris titni 'Londen. In the heart of whiili fltiei any trolley ertice would be paraljed. It is n sign nf real preistc-s mat Counell has formally pa-sed n resolution eulllni; for conference en tha bin pregimu beiween Theinni I'. Mitten ami Uiehaid Welein. Such petty squ.ibbliuj; encerinn(! the Mnjer'N position in I In- matter as ihar.ie terized the "'eunelliminie "-oslen I- Itiele Taut and chlldisli. The pmblem of better ttnnsportatieti for 1'hil.idelphlu i tee fonnl fennl dnble anil ten'msent Ie he (enfued with peliticiil baitiiu' and peisetnil aciimouieiit attacks en either side. The obligation of HPiiMblc beliin'e'i-. iu iu Telviuc a ri asp of ii'tual conditions upon their meiitc or demeilis and free fiem e e liibitiemi of puerile centuneitiy, lests upon both camps in the City (jevetnment. Tlie public is net acutely Interested In the aem ing of "pelnf" for or ngiiiust the .Mayer by eitiier Mr. Develin or Jlr. Hall. Of much deeper concern te the cltiens of this- community 1 the improvement of transit facilities such as the projected in in stnllatieu of moterbua lines m-vius te premi.e. A fiKNIAT. MISSIONARY A THE auste nnd heurty huiuer with wblfih Cieeigps Clemeuceau is altendy .'helng his self-iitsigned Ameiliim mlsieii ne In dexes of a mood which the puUrfe lieuli. net find It difficult te djiirty''fioeiI-teinpeied exboitatien i sullicienil) iiticoiniueii te be welcomed ns a delightfiil novelty. ThN U especially the cake i maltets of interna- tienal relatienxhip". where racial iiiisutider stundiugs ami cenlliN of tempei anient, edu cation and patriotic idealn play cticli power ful nnd often luifertunate teles. Clemenceau, it U safe te prediet, will be hi'aul with iriteiewt by thousands of Amer icans engerte pay their respecti" te a ie niarkuble t'.'guie in mullein history and an an teus te 'learn Mmiethiu,; of the motives prompting bim te conduct an individual campeJign en liehalf of a nation te which be )'.ni devoted a long ami event! ill life. ''His nudienccs in tbi euutiv will net "wunt te be hectored. Happily, theie are in dications that Clemeuceau is lumliig heie net te rebuke us, but te fliiciilalc lertalu subjei'tH which have pel ha been Jnipei -feelly linderttoed. That the fcix vvielts' tuui contemplated ill retuit In a whele-.ile luuverien of the Anierlcun public; that the ait ami Intense .env ictienii of a single Mutcjinnn, however lllusti'ieus, nlll ut once mue a wiile-piead popular levlsieu nf cstlmuics of the peace settle'nent of 1!l!l and of the ieipuiiNibill ties of the I'nlted Stitti toward Kurepe in general nnd Frame in particular, ate ex tremely preblemntiiul llui perhaps a be ginning toward a Keener lOinplehensien of epechnl event will be made and many Aram leans mav he l:u.'lii that iuueieuie and virtue ni" net the exclusive po-cssien of their country in the handling of inlet na tional pieblrnis and that attempted mjIii mjIii tlellM in I'uiepe it I b net the icMilt eul of chronic had iner.il- In nnv event, the Tit;'i's appinaiiiuix advent is bound Ie lie an enlivening lu- , fliience in the Natien, which is lead, iim recent jielltieal ei'cinreiiies have piuved, ie pursue the isin It of inquiry wilheut inui h regard for uet formulae and Main xenei.il'a xenei.il'a tlens. BENAVENTE HONORED THK most conspicuous Interniitieu.i1 ligme receiving au.v et the Vebel prics tm ' 1021 Is uu(ueilienab!y Albnit I Ziti-tfln. winner of the nwmd for pin : Theie inn be Uttlu aigiiuieiit com fining mi inevitalile choice. Anether veidier of the judges which in TiteH nttentien, however, Is the honor be llowed en Jacinto Ilennvenle for distinction In llterntuic 1'ntil the vogue for lilasie Ibnue. sud denly appealed lu the I'uited Stales, aver Dge American i "inception of the lenaiss.m, f Hpanlsli letlern, which begun In the latter half of the nineteenth mitmy and has continued steadily ever hlme, was decidedly Tftguc. Seme fiction, it is tine, crossed ihe peninsular fientlers and leilniii of ihe novels of Perez (JuIiJeh, netablv his "Uena Perfecta," found favor lu Knglish transla. tiOHH. But the iciuiuUiible vltalit) of the modem Bpanihli drnmii long escaped uetlie until ihe '(iien Ouleote" of .lese Kehegaiuy in va rious forms and adaptatien1! made the cir cuit of the glebe. I.Micgani.v , whei-e iiieh successful pln.v was known in thu country tinder the cuplien "The World nod His Wife," was Indeed llie only Spanish ilranin tilt te be favored with a Nebel award prier te 1021. Benavenle, working with somewhat dif ferent methods and pelMlbeinted from some f tha convention which at times hampered tha beat work of Kchegutay, is u worthy meeiMer. I'atrens of motion pictures will fMU tha effective screen version of his drama. "ia .uaiqueriua," unuer aw'TU Faaalen Flower." mm .waa also presented in afllaa. ,- a year or two a i :JUT, . T,tV!tf;. wtrevKC a , nms writer's "Les Intercset Creadet'' ("The llends of Interest") was successfully lireiluced in New Yerk. The prevent formal recognition of Bens rente's geiilns is reaisurint testimony et the inthelicity of titste nnd dlHcilmlnnlery pow pew era of the Nebel trlbunnl. It Is also vvidener of (lie jionltlen of (lie drums in modem literature. SU previous Nebel Hwnrds In letters liftve been te playwrlflita, BJoernsen, Hie Norwegian; Mlitrnli the rrevenval: llpsfv and lluiiutinitiiti, uer- iiiAii: Kilii'icarny. (Iu Spntilnril, MiiPlrrlincL-, the Uelglan. mill THE WAR AGAINST WAR 1)11) NOT WHOLLY FAIL Today It In Werth Rememberin That Jingoism at Least Was Banished Trem the Face of the Earth A .IINtiO," some one said net long age, r- "Is a fellow who alwnye is icady and eager te lay down jour life for his conn cenn lr,v." It might be mere prepeily said that a jingo nM lluit sort of lavish person. Fer It la tveiih remembering that jingoes nod jingoism, ancient nffllctlens of our civiliza tion, passed forever from power and au thority when the imntsliie was signed. A few blithe and bloodthirsty lady willers of what Is supposed le be heroic veise still peisNt lu the effort te keep alive ihe io ie mantle and story -boel; (onccptlens of war. It N odd le bear women talking fight. Thev de it, pel haps, because no one has been Kelug about dffciliiK te In) down their lives for one reason or another. If lu some ter rible and far f unite they nie sent out te kill em h elhei by machinery, It will be the fault of their own poets, Fer nny one hut ceitaln kinds of poets can see that the wnr te i ud war was net lest by the men who fought It and that gieal ends were sought bv the niuites In Fiance and actually achieved. Their cutis awakened the wet Id, They banished fiem all the seats of civilized lieveinmeni the mood of militaristic hn liei'l.illsiu. 'lhe.v banished it In Knglnnd and they banished it lu France. And they bun ishid It lu (he Ceugless of the I'uited States, which was almost ready te believe (hat there would have te be n war en Mexico and a list option of the AniHilias that would have set up en this leutlllent a train of evils haidlv less nppillliig than that which de scended in liuiepc after the peace, The minds of ths peoples eveiv where in tlie We-tein world ate taking held of truths: which our own nnd oilier seidieis In the war against tiermany died te find They are gi eping and Ntumldiiig toward new piin clples uf civilization ihnt will be sutisfacleiy net only te theorist nnd statesmen but te the nnvliaiiiiini eenjcirmv of munkiml. In this quest they me often driving their leadeis before tin m. in any uiie m.ty see who reads belweenTnV lines of tlie news from Kngliiud aiWi France It was nel seten years ua It wss net se in 11114 ilr 'even lu 11M0 'llu desire of peoples n0v Is net for conquests and the detnoiistVatletia of power nnd pnd. It Is for u way of life that will be satisfactory n(r only hi the pieseut. but in that future e which nil enlightened peoples ewe a gieat measuie of political nnd moral lesponsi lespensi bilily. That fact lewets ami shines Our own men who did nel come home or who returned bieken or blind vveic net uiar tyied le the pride of nations alone. They were sacrificed te human vamtv. tinman pu-judices and te the latent spun of bar barism which still trus te teat h us that wai ls pretty and uplifting. War never uplifted anything Hint peace couldn't have uplifted te far greuter heights That is what the in mies in France found out and pieved ur last and feiever Therein was one of their nujer victories and the one tint et will iiiiill linisl te all the ihcs of the earth. Nationalism will remain efnr the work which is celebrated en Aiutlsiiie ll.iy is completed. But it will net be the national ism that in the past presumed te be higher than the laws of right ami mere ufird than justice. Flags will lenuin and they will be denier te the hearts of iiiiuetis because they will be symbols net of power and pride alone, but of justice nubl.v done and univer sally assured. ' Se the Anieiuan abroad, whether he lived or died, did net fail in the war against war. He helped great I v te dear a way through which mankind will yd uihitte the most passionate desire of its heart If the dead seidieis weie alive nuvv they would he pu.zltd. Thej would wonder why I lie small giimps that tool, charge et affairs after the tiubting found fuieiui.iiien se dltlliiill The seidieis fiaiermzed easily enough eiiiIhi condtleiis lar mere trying than these of tuduv licit i-.li. French and Amerl i ens ihiind ilieir stinugih and their hopes and th"lr lobaeie when Intle of either re niul it-il 'e iliun 'I'lif.v l in n( J lu time te pltj ewn ih"ii enemies. Tbe.v saw truth. Angtr and deiei miuiilieii mav liave been In thwn Hut ih' j weie above hate What clvili.id nations are asking new whv their leaders nie le.s Intelligent than ihesi uiliu men weie and Iisn genereuH and biave Such questleiiing will glow mere and mine insisienl until it ! satisfactorily ansvveied POLITICS AND MURDER DK.MOOltArii' leadeis in New Jersey, Including ioveiner KdwariU and Judge Silrer. annul a Meid le penult i moors new uineiif about New lliiuisw it k te go till fhallenged The suggestion that in some mjsterleus way the UemiMiratlc majorities of Tiiesdnv iciicied In interfere with the piegiets of Ihe investigation into the Hall Mills uiiiidu m is mere fantastic and mere ominous than any ever before nsse- lateil with ihe activity of community poli tician in ibis ceunli.v Doubtless il is without any foundation in tnilh But ihe fact lemnins lhat the opli epli mlsilc tone of the police and the prosecuting officials (hanged te one of doubt and hope, lessnes after the election retlirilN were re iclied, It happens, loe. that Democratic leadeis evert most Influence In the New litiiiisvvick legion CONSERVATIVE FRANCE A 1,1, the eloquence of Bene Vivlanl, who is n pnst master of hortatory effects, seems te have been unavailing in the cause of woman suftiage lu France. The Senate Is expected te veto the enfranchisement meawiie for hldi the feimer Premier has been pleading and for which he has been, with some intermissions, diligently working since 1010, when the bill we bUtckiul b. tween the two houses after havigur trium phantly passed .he Chamber of Deputies. Weman suffrage in Franca presents sev eral problems which have net formidably arisen la ether camatrlea prldlig themselves their leacUranlp. of cmnsanea. xne r . '..V. tO ; .....! .. i.'iiT.iai Kj.!. 112r.'.il) VI,'.,. ' i "I'UMsBirilli i ii r JJVEtflNG -PUBLIC LEDGEfa - foremost hindrance la unquestionably the, indifference of the class for wnicn "iinera tien" was planned. French women, as a rule have net been militant for the franchise and there ta naturally something discouraging In sup porting a cause In which these supposed te preHt most by its advancement are listless. J n addition, the great preponderance of feminine citizens in France, a third again ns numerous as the men, Is said te be troubling politicians, some et whom are fearful of nn abuse of power by new voters. On the one hand it I maintained that feminine suffrage would mean increased strength for the reactionaries, while en the ether an access of radicalism Is predicted. It is one of the paradoxes of history that France which once led the way toward the political emancipation of Europe, is new tlinoieusly handling a problem which sister nations, formerly her pupils, hove solved with comparative rapidity and without deleterious or alarming effects. MR. HALL AS A REFORMER TIIOSK who for years, have been advocat ing such u change in procedure ns would put the control of nil expenditures of the Oeuuty of Philadelphia In the bnnds of the appropriating officers of the city will wel come the support of Councilman Hull. He box jmt been saying that the salaries of the empleyes lu local offices should be fixed in Philadelphia instead et In Harris burg. This is a pretest against the custom of going te the Stnte Capitel te ask for it higher salary when that has been denied by the City Council. That Increase lu salary may be made after the budget for tne year has'beeu adopted, it places a burden upon the revenue net contemplated. And the recipients of the bigger pay can sue out a imindninus ordering its payment. But Mr. Hall does net go far enough. The abuse of which he complains would be ended at once If ihe system of dual govern ment were abolished. The county offices are beyond the control of any one in the City Hall. The uumber of empleyes may be raised and appointments may be and are made at the disci et Ien of the appointing power without legurd te Illness. And the Comity Commissioners' exeicise certain functions flint ought te be performed by the City Cen in II or by one or another of the departments of the City tievei anient. This anomaly was avoided when the ter ritory of thtee counties was annexed te New Yetlc City. The net of ouselldatloii provided that the powers of the Beards of Supervisors of the teuntles these beards correspond te the County Commissioners in' this State net devolved en administrative ilepilitiueiits or lien I ds should be vested In the lien id of Aldetnieti. Such a i limine cnnnei be made by legisla tive act in Petinsjlvniila, for llu Cotnmis Cetnmis Cotnmis sleueis mc embalmed in the Stale Consti tution like tlie1! lu umber and they can be ictueved only by n constitutional amend ment. New Yerk was ileleimiued that fhcire should net be the anomaly of a dual fin in of government in the teiiltery included within the cit.v nnd it leek effective steps le prevent it. Ne such steps weie taken when Ihe boundaries of the City of Philadelphia were extended le include all the tenitery within the County of Philadelphia. If Mr. Hull and his political associates will unite te uige the l.egislatute le adept the necessary amendment le Ihe Constitution lie wilt earn the gratitude of all these who believe that the City (jeveinmeiil should bate contiel ever Ihe local expenditure of the money laised b.v taxation en lenil piepeily. Tlie functions of the County (.'ommtssleneis should be devolved upon the Cit.v Council or one or anethet of Ihe city depm Intents. The change would at nine depiive the (eiinly elficers uf their power ie niandiiiniis the City Treiisiner for the pnvuienr of bills for which . no appiopnatlen had been made. It would net, however, pievent the ubune of the privileges of I lie .liidses of the (Oiirls. I inter the law the.-e Judges me iMiipewpied tn decide hew inanv eleiks and titteudanls they need and within ceiialn limits le fix their salaried. Piesident Judge Audeiiiled. of Common Pleas Court Ne. -I. Lis nsl.nl for ftl'j.one te pay tlie mlarles of the attaches of his court, whereas President Judge Marian, of Ceuit Ne. I!, asks for SMI.SOU. Judge Audi lined, who i eiideiiiiicd ihe plans for Judge Brown's "Palace of Justice" en thi) ground of their extravagance, evidently piactices In bis own rout t lhat econemv which lie thinks should be the title every where. What is the justification for the expenilltuie of .!(!. U0 n jenr by another branch of ihe same reuii engaged in the Mime kind et weik? a. if by any (linnu the City Council "lieuld cut down the amount asked for bv Judge ll.iriatt he could collect it by mutidniuu pieuediiigs. Members of the Ceiunll have been talking for jeats about the evils of the mandamus system. If they want It abolished they knew hew (e get it done, PINCHOT TESTS THEM MB. PINCHOT ev.ilentl., has decided in it ml our what son of men niu at the head of the depaituieiii. of the Stale (Jov (Jev eriiiuent, some of whom hv has the power ie displace when he takes efbie. He has nuked theiu te submit fu him an estimate of the necessary expenditures of their depiHtlueiils for the tn-Xt two yeais, "We cannot assume," he writes, "that the next Legislature will lew new taxes for the puipese of defraying ineieased expend! tines." He wents every mail te cut bis estimates te Ihe levvesr limit consistent with effi ciency and, if pii-slble. te make them Jess than thej weie two years age. lie Is doing this in lonferinlly with his purpose te make a bndgil and te leulml tlie expenditures of the CoiuineuwialHi lie has that authority under the Constitu tion, net quite se explicit ns might be deslied, but sutbcient for the purposes of n ikterutlt.ed man. The LegUlatuie mav vbange bis budget in nnv piiuUuurH that It sees fit. but he has the power te veto specific Hems in eveiy appropriation bill. These bills ure usually passed In thp closing days of the sts,i0n of the Iegjalature and the fioveiner does net have te run the ilsk of a veto of his executive acts. He holds a club which lie can wield te geed purpose if be is se disposed. Mr. Pinchni has ib-timielv announced that he dots net iiilend le mnsider the appoint -inent of bis cabinet at piesent. it is evi dent flint he Intends te find out vvlu.t sort of men nie, new in eltice befere he decides te displace them. They Mre put en their mettle bv bis demand for budget eatlmalea We shall see within a few weeks hew they respond te the purpose of the Governor Governer elect te concentrate his attention en eionemy mill etlicleiicy. ... A i rplauc piepelleis llarguins worth $152 lemlemned by the Government nfter the war are being sold for fl apiece, with women the principal purchasers, They nie being used as l evolving clothes trees, aim (though eight feet In diameter) ns mantel piece ornaments. We suspect fhal If battle ship conning towers were put en the bnigaiu counter Ihe ladies would buy 'em for chicken coops and pin tras. y A white deer has se startled hunters who have sean It, that they have been un able te'puU'n trigger, That albino Is safe nuiii it is signtia u man wue lackfe Ijmgglnatlen, 1 .Il J V, ' 1 IbA' .. . .. . ..... ' .,.,,,. .nV.lta-j !H.4J. -nfc ,. . , Y:iS"& PHILADELPHIA, SATURDAY, ftOfrEMBERylly 1922 ANOTHER CANAL PROJECT Tha Government Studying tht UpM' Delawara Great Project tht Paat Governer Bearer's Scheme. Sahara Ocean ' Br GEORGE NOX McCAIN PHILADELPHIA Is materially interested . in the revival of n waterway project. It is the canalisatien of the Delaware River from Trenten te Kasfen. m The War Department has written te the Kasten nnd Phllllpsburg Beards of Trade for full information as te tha beneflte that would accrue tn these cities abeuld the project be launched. Beth cities are new making a eurvej, as desired. The request of the Wnr Department en flneera la a rnther surprising one. Seme years age its englncera made a complete survey of the Delaware between the points named. Then, for some unexplained reason, the plans were shelved and the development halted en an adverse report. THE length of the Trenten -Kasten Canal would be about fifty miles. With electrically propelled beats and barges the distance would be covered in from ten te thirteen hours. Anywhere from ten te fifteen locks would be 'required. Movable dams might be substituted if they were found mere advantageous. The fall of the river from Easten te Trenten Is 157 feet. Sufficient depth of the river te accommodate barge traffic would be ebtnlned bv dredging te a depth from sir te twelve feet. When the scheme was proposed some years age great enthusiasm was aroused In cveiy city and town from Kasten te Phil adelphia nn the Delaware. Trade bodies became active in its support. Corporate and bmnufactiiring Interests were aroused te action largely because of the opportunities that would be afforded te utilize the water of the canal for industrial purposes. New the Interest Is being revived, I am told, with some hopes of success, ALFRED LYNCH, statistician of the Beard of Commissioners of Naviga tion, tells nie that the nvernge coal barge has a capacity of about (100 tens and draws approximately nine feet of water. He pelntH out Hint the utility of our inland waterways was shown during the recent coal strike. Thousands of tens of coal came te Phil adelphia from Norfolk bv way of the Chesapeake nnd Delaware Cnt.nl. fIt was from the soft-cenl region of West Yirginin and helped te keep many of our Industries in openitieii during that period. The Lehigh Canal operates amall beats en itn cnnnl. but their capacity I limited as compared with the nnrinnl-si-ed ceaj barges. CANALS for the extension of Philadel phia's rnmuiPicp have been project' d nt intervals for 100 years. In the eaily part of the nineteenth ecu tiny the idea of n caunl ucress New Jersey connecting the ocean with the Delaware Itiver in the icinlty of this city wits promulgated. At Inter vali rince it has come te th sin face. Thirty-t'iree year age the scheme of n ship canal te connect New Yerk City und Philadelphia was originally presented. Meetings were hetd and much enthusiasm amused. Kx-Governer Patiisen. representing Philadelphia ; Tliemns Murtindale, vice president of the Ship Canal Commission, nnd Lewis M. lliuipt. one of the engineers of the Nicaragua Canal Commission, elo quently urged the feasibility und necessity of the plan before the New Yerk Commerce Commission in Juuiiniy, 181)!). The proposed ship canal was te be 31.4 miles long. Plans involved the utilization of the Del aware mid Jtaritau Cnnnl, by enlarging it ie nccoiamed.ite ocean vessels of moderate diaft. Mr. Maitindaie pointed out that the whole unite of Mich u canal would be "a con tinuous city." Pi of. llaupt prisented figures showing the lemmrrcial importance of Philadelphia mid the advantages te both cities te be de rived from connecting the Delaware and Itariiuu Itivets by a ship canal, THK decade and a half between 1885 and 1900 w-as, curiously, nn era of canal projects all ever the weild. it saw the Nlcnrnguu Canal brought for ward, fought ever for years, and aban doned. The Panama-Isthmian Canal was dragged from 'French failure Inte Ihe light of day, finally te emeige triumphant under Roose velt. Coincident with these, in Western Penn sylvania, the scheme for u canal from Lake Krle te the Ohie Itiver was long agitated. It was an ancient pieject. As far beck as, tlie beginning of the Re public the idea had fastened itself in the minds nf engineers, The Pennsylvania and Lake Erie Ship Canal Commission was behind the work. Ten thousand dollars had been appro priated, by the Legislature of 1881), for the expenses of this commission. Colonel T. P. Iteheits, n fatuous Pitts burgh engineer, was one of its most ardent advocates. Jehn A. Weed was piesident. W. S. Sballenberger, of iteehester, afterward As sistant Postmaster General, was treasurer, and Eben Biewer, then editor of an Erie newspaper, and later Military Postmaster General of Cuba, was secretary. G OVERNOR JA.MKS A. BKAVBR pre sided at one of Ihe Canal Commission's meetings fu Pittseuigli In October, 1889. When it was found that 1(1,000 wen net enough money te complete a survey, Colonel Roberts nnd Jehn W. Goodwin agreed te give the matter their personal attention and thus lessen the cast. Governer Beaver at the meeting launched a most ambitious piegram. He wanted a luntinueiis waterway from New Yerk te New Orleans. It was te b continuously Inland, con necting the Ohie River and Lake Erie Canal front Buffalo te Albany. The Governer's plan never evolved beyond the suggestion. A Lake Erie and Ohie River canal, bow ever, I still l'He project In Western Pennsylvania. Successive men and lnferesfs have taken it up, niul today it is as vIxoieuh nnd flour ishing ns it was tlility years age. IT WAS between the years I have named that the Sahara (bean project was re vived. "The great Hahaia Desert, that mole upon the world's fine, will one day be but a memory." was the confident prediction of Its projectors. A canal sixty miles long, connecting this vast depression with the Atlantic Ocean be tween the twentieth nud blxtieth parallels of latitude was te turn the Sahara Desert Info the Sahara Ocean. Populous titles were te spring up along the southern part of tlie Baihnry States and the northern fringe of the Conge Free State, imd ocean stenmeis were fe ply above drowned eases nud the forgotten habitations of wlhl Bedeulntrlbes. There Is probably mere lessen than truth in the allegation that candidates for the New Brunswick police will hare put te them the following hypothetical questien: If it lakes seven weeks te find a thumb print en visiting card, hew long vlll It fake te discover ,the Bertlllen measurement ".a ' A..H.I...AI1 V , THE LIFE SAVBR : '1f 3H 1 T( - Sr aBBSjanvaasBBBJafeat- M ,f bxbKsbbxbxbbbbbbbV axBaiwlsm M JtJr3aBBBa! ml JljkKwr m aWMaxL KrJBB0mlt&W&rMFFFMFw M $jbbbbb! "1mllrJ,' .sankBaaaaaflnatV taaaaaaaaaaaaaat lae .SCSI .-V&XasrBxTffaaaPHflravJM - V iaaMs?3ejV!ieaaaaa' .aigHgnrgm teajnaaaaaV flSaW yj)BfjMPgEBpBiEM g a am 1 1 J miisi -"MM'jJjur-m flK naistiX aaflnEv rJfS9mmmWtKrtfWtf ' ataaanaTBxaBBaPyS ' 'f' rtJfslinlrkjftilWQLJll 'E " JS t-BBBBBBBB MW MiT MmS f NOW MY IDEA IS THIS! Daily Tulks Willi Thinking Philadelphia en Subjects They Knew Best i. JOHN W. SPECK MAN On Building nnd Lean Societies and the Building Situation THK linnncial condition of the building and lean societies of the State has n decided Influence upon the building situa tion, sas Jehn W. Mpeckmnn. secretary of the Building Association League of Penn sylvania. "The primary purpose of the league," said Mr. Speckmati, "is le organize the urieus societies of the State in elder te guard against unfair legislation, mid our organization is a member of the Liuleii Slate League, which Is composed of the various Stete leagues all ever the country. Financing Private Hemes "Our association is doing nil that it can te assist in the financing of the building of privute homes, and this end of the work Is new in better shape than it has been for several venrs. The situation, which was n most unfortunate one, was caused by he almost cemplele cessulien of building due te the war. "At that time, building of hemes having practically stepped completely, speciiloieis saw their opportunity te buy houses from persons who were holding them for invest ment purposes and renting them. These speculators would buy n pieperty and then compel the teuant either te buy it from them at n higher price or move. In thou sands of cases the tenants would find them selves lu n position where they could net get another house, and they were obliged te bur in order te have some place te live. "What the speculators did in a gieat many ceses was te procure n first mortgage, If possible, from en Individual, a second meitgage from a building nnd leun associa tion nnd take n third mortgage themselves for whatever they could net laise en the first and second. In most cases this third meitgage represented their pretlt, and they took ihnnces en realizing en it. Hew Funds Became Scarce "The stringency of funds In the building nud lean associations was due te the fact that the tiust companies, which up te the time of tlie wnr were always in the market for Hist mortgage, as well as a number of verv large trust estates, refused le lake mortgages. ' hi tefusal was because they were eble le leau money at veiy high intes of interest outside of the State. Then another leasen entered into the transaction. Whcie the estate was very huge the trus tees bought Liberty Bend with Ihe pio pie (eeds instead of taking first mortgages, be cause the bends were exempt from taxation. This plan was also, followed by n number of individuals et great wealth who had been in the habit of taking first inattgnge, inui the lesult was te withdraw a huge amount of menev fiem the meitgage maikel nnd in turn the purchasers of houses weie unable le llnanie their operations thieugh the financial agencies which only n sbeit tliue befeie bad been only tee glni te accept ineilguges as security for leans. "This situation practically forced people fe go te the building and lenn associations almost exclusively for the money which they hnil te hove te buy their homes. The funds of the associations were quickly uted up by Ihe first borrowers, nnd all the money which the association could borrow was also speedily taken by home-buyers. The Borrowing Capacity "At the last session of the Legislature (In 1021) nn effort was made te have the borrowing capacity nf the building and lean associations increased. At that time, under the law, nn association might borrow "5 per cent of the withdrawal value of Its si eik, and the Idea waa te increase this amount. , , "This plan was opposed by the league for the leasen that while we believe that the building associations as n rule are managed by honest business men who have been wisely selected for this purpose, they are net finan ciers, Therefore we deemed It unwise te allow the associations te pyramid their assets by borrowing large amounts of money which might be called by the creditors during a subsequent period of depression, When this period come it was practically certuin thut there would likewise be iulKe withdrawals et shares from the associations. The double demand upon the resources of the associations readily might result in the Insolvency of the organisatien, or rather in an inability te meet the claims upon It. The 'bill waa aeiaaita w "J "vaisiauire upon tbe reason geven VyajKnruatsn,., (l &$ VU. lfiS . ?r,n.t.. & "Li f P1 10- s'ne8junt is the Uahteaf WFA BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBili t-AJL -..--, , X - 'll ,(VpM aBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB U.'i MlJ e, ,i , .tWvk V-'iei aBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB "The leaglea; keeping the associations free from all State faxes und Federal income taxes. They also had Inserted in the Revenue Act of lOiitl u clause exempting te all individual $300 in come lecelved during the year from invest ments made in eiillding and lean associ ations rieiii V.i'Jl te V.VM. The Present Situation "The situation nt piesent is still tight for tlie financing of home -buyers, although, ns 1 have said, it is easier than it has been for seveinj years. Many associations ure unable te get the money te make leans te ueiMiiiH net memberu of the nssociutien. al though they have a great many applicants. "Ineieased membership of the vurieus In dividual associations is the only practical way of solving this difficulty. Borrowing fiem the bunks will net answer. At best this is eniv it tempeinry makeshift, and the Jeans uic liuble te be tailed when it is net convenient te pay them buck, lu nny raw f hey must be paid bail: foeiier or later, nud the plan therefore has many important ele ments te be leiisldeieil. nil of which disap pear with .t larger membership la the asso ciations. 'Anether fnifer which is entering the situation nnd tending te make it a geed bit better Is the fact that the trust companies are new getting buck te Ihe position where they will again accept first mortgages, which they would net de duriii" tiie period of the war and liinnrillnlely after if. Of course, they control a let nf money, uutl llils affords considerable relief from n very bad situation. Country Badly Underbuilt "The whole country is badly underbuilt in se far ns homes are concerned. A building and lean association utivays dislikes te foreclose a mortgage, but when ibis had te be done In feimer days, lhat Is before the war nnd the hectic conditions which' ie suited fiem it, the association lu ninetv -nine times out of it hundred h.ul te bid 'in the pieperty Itself In outer te save lis in vestment. "But when it has le foieclese nuvv and put lip the piepeily at .Sheriff's snle, n,,.,,. Is usually lively bidding for It if the ,. erty is nt all desi.able. This in itself shows that theie Is still u gieater demand ler houses than theie is supply. "Prices of houses will mil come down substantia Iv while labor mid materials ie- main at the high prices at which thev new are and where they have been since the war sent them fe unprecedented heights The shoilnge of houses odds te this situation Of course, eveiy one has n place te live, ami heusanils nud thousands of fumilies solved his problem bv 'doubling up nnd having we families 1 ve in a house vvheie env one lived before But 1 1, s Is highly undesirable, ns tliere Is always a lower stnu.i.trd of living under these conditions. It Is te be honed that the building situation, at least as 'far adjlisted?''""" flre POnerne,l "'" he speedily Clemeuceau has come In for some criticism in f.i. Clemenceau "w" feutitry ,ei.mjfc0 of his letitemnlaled visit te the IJhHed Stales a id haste has been made te nss.ne the weriii lint he will speak but for himself. U,u tie null theie la n the assertion seems , ,, n us ie ue negligible, when one considers )L m?i Penality and nil he ,a J mea?,,' '. France in the past. He nns meant te official Fiance, but he will meal fu . , i r and influential France." netwUhJ.ndfngn,Ie inau iu,l .... i Their Ally Aids Them the State of New Yerk and the oevernment ,.f 111,1100,000 In behalf of t c Caye, ."J,,, I" (most of then, new In Cana ln)J. wdiese ?nN esters forfeited (unjustly, It is new .. " tended) an annual payment of 81M00 in mVJ petulty for ceded lands. O. ci '" 'real while a voie comes out of the ;.!.('' helleis, "Cash!" ' ,he ,,M,t 'd KpmevvheretlH, muideier of lire ter Hall nud Mrs Gaspingly cfle.ts of Ihe nnlherlile Tin g II " ' evldeneu sufficient tu env nee thu lira r " .. is teauilig of i he "" " iciiiuia pessiDiuty Unit by and h he or she will grew se peeved 'at ,' ' incompetence sCmvn that iineiher LnlnS ,- .. vsanaai I MM .11 IHB1I1. IIMI ' ' ! ftSSM 11 SHORT CVTS J There Is cold comfort In the tawkaWl mar ninety ei our scnoeis migOl OCIIgBt ll antiquarian. Bull in 1'unzsutawnev treail a huntii who were a red hat. The bull waa prebablsB a memeer ei a oevine nasctstl. .. . a nennr ww says me iieague et Mtmv uas none goeu werit. well, it came nn cicieating wenry coeot jedge. Judce Brown's ebiectlnn te Mr. Ritrr plan may well be grounded en tbe iiiumv iien cnat ueieye are dangerous. Armistice Da? also serves te remind that when we first celebrated some of had the notion war was ever for all time, The rumor that Dr. Finegan was abm, ie resign was pronneiy tne wayward ciu of a willful wish sojourning in tbe opposite camp. Rene's interest in transients Is prutl aeiy rcspensiDie for .Nevada s turning ileni or i we prepositions te alter the Stiiltl divorce laws. Ne. acnflemen. the Whit Anren rln'u-1 house recently dedicated nt Highland IVir'cl nas anseiuteiy nothing te de with theem- peient ceieernnis .et jire-Velstead Utji. Bernaid Shaw suvs be has an excellend recijie for lioisening. With se many of lilsl critics still nt large this proves him pe'i scssed of admirable self-restraint. i "Oli. well." chuckled the Med Mei.st One with n cackle of modified fh "(he Republican malerltv In CeBttr deesu'i nmeuiit te mere than one-half i J per icnt. Twe big liners have chanted their I lstrv fiem the American tlair le the flu. Pa mi ma because of the dry laws. Captii .leliu ISarleycern continues te be a pepua uuvlgater etifsidc (he three-mile limit. With New. Frelinghiivsen and KtllH avvn.v from Wnsbiuc'ten President Htn will get a chance te pick selnu new plllj mates mid the fenluie writeis te pick seinu nuvv subjects for "intimate sketCDN.1 What De Yeu Knew? QUIZ 1. "When was the first bntbtuti InsfalMj an Aiuericnii lieine and In wqiat en Z wnat la the largest passenger snip J lu bervlci! under tlie American I 3. I'nilir what King of Kuypt was Uleatest of the uvrnmkla hutit? i. Wlint was the Inrtrest and most IwPt lent native Indian tribe of tha em United States'.' ; I Wl.eie de tlie CliiRUlese live? I. Whnt Ih cliapairul? , ... 7. Wliat nnnie Is regarded as the unlucKH fei Klnes? 8 Who was t lie ferryman of tha W lesions in classical mythology; 9. What Is ineunt bv tnlcnn menev? e. In what Hind of drama does tha prW man sit upon the stape and auin acierar il Answers te Yesterday's Quii' 1. Tlie (list actual clock Is said te M neen preilucril about 9?" A. " l.'ilrrtt, !. IL,ha.l .!, nmlilr. Ofll I tfin meBt itccempllslivid scholars ei, 2. Limerick. Ireland. I enlled tha "CltfJ the Violated Treaty," because Itl' tender by Sarsfleld In IBM.wsa cured by the British en condition! tliA tinman Cnllmlln. In 1pi.tana IM enjoy under William III and la nituie sucn privileges in tne ; of Ihuli rfrln,i nit wArn COQJH ullh IIia lnij.s nt I...I ,.,,1 n, an ttllf' enjeyed lu the lelgn of Charlaid jne iiiinsn uevernmciu c"""Sj rilnnl,..!! rtA. ... . .. Iia Bn .iiiiviikii, i uieiiiiiiiiii;. ui l,,M.v.lial troops, bail no ilitht te usurp tna.J iiialilng powers and lhat prpvliWM 3, Aeierdlng le the Melinmmcdau c I he nresent vear la 1X41. 4, The atmosphere extends from thaifyl of the caitli about 100 miles- t.JJ b. tiui wesierniuesl point of tlie cuman ,,,lt I, IA, ll.lt ,a. !.. n IhA LP States Is Cape Alva, In the 8t3 ll. SIiiiII'eiiI.iiii.aVi.ii lli. lill'llmlaC 1 stiitiif Atitiun. .. i.. i.. wr.t ..,ii,i;flhlra. 'm 7. The liiutle of Wagram wiih fought, a vllliiBH of that mime lu J', lira en juiy ii, 1809. and resuiw vlclei'v at tha VpaiicIi. under Icen and Mimbcua, ev'er the AUIU under. Archduke Charles. NJ riiree nines luniie a league.