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Philadelphia, IVIJi). Ne.tmbtr 10. 1?::
CITY'S STAKE IN HARRISBURG
rplIE ndoptlen of the liemc-rulc amend
JL ment te the Stiite Cotititutleii susBebts
the advisability of in eurly cenferenM of
Wpresptitatlves of the Tnrlem fltle.s of thj
Commonwealth In order that ncrcpment may
be reached en the character of the bill te be
passed by the Legislature.
The amendment empowers the I.vKlelntiirc
te permit the cities te draft their own
charters under such regulation as It may
adept. The cities themselves eucht te be
allowed te make their cwn recommendations
about the extent of the power they are te
enjoy and the restrictions that are te be put
Upen It. Men of experience In Philadelphia
and Pittsburgh and Scr.inten and Erie and
Ucntewn and Heading and WMjin-Hnrre
and Lancaster and HarrNburi? could make
a profitable contribution te tli discussion.
Then there arc matters affecting Philadel
phia alone that ought te receive, attention
this winter. One of them N the Municipal
Court, which has been un-d a a personally
conducted political machine. In the net
creating this court the Heard of .ludses
mode the appointments "t the clerks, proba
tion officers, stenographers and the like.
That net was changed se ns te put 'he
appointing power in the hands of the Presi
dent Judge alone.
If it is possible tinder the Constitution te
make the court in law what It is In name
a municipal court and te make it a branch
of the City Government, trie problem would
be solved forthwith, for then the nproln' npreln'
ments would be made through t'.itf Civil
Service Commission, nnd the erection of a
building te accommodate it would he tinder
the direction of tie Department of Public
The court was created te supersede the
magistrates' courts, but these courts have
been allowed te continue. They cannot be
abolished without an amendment te the Con
stitution, and the Constitution has net been
amended because It would Involve the aboli
tion of a let of jobs useful te the politicians.
It is evident that Philadelphia has n vital
Interest In what is te happen In Ilnrrlsburg
this winter. The right thtnes will net hap.
pen, however, if the people are lndifftr...t
nnd permit the men vhe make a living out
of politics te have things their own way.
SF.F bv the papers that this is
Retter Bneech Week in New Yerk. It
Mln tn sflv that the occasion is a little
late for a let of political campaigners whose
names might be mentioned.
A clearer enunciation of the words of the
English language nnd a greater respect for
the rules of our native tongue, rather than
Improved political orator , is the eii.i of the
alert New Yorkers. A large work lies be
fore them. Their community i" becoming a
place of dialects. There are mM te be folk
In Manhattan who liae a hard time In try
ing te understand the speech of p'r-ens
from Brooklyn !
One can but feel that a propaganda
for better speeches as uell as for better
speech would be timely enough. If the re
cent elections proved anything, they proved
that the old-fashietU'd political stump ora
tion has eutliVed its usefulness. It was
all rhetoric all sound.
People are weary of being hypnotized by
rhythms. They want elmple truth plainly
and courageously expressed, and the candi
dates who are wie enough te be a warn of
this are likely te be the winners in the elec
tions of the future.
LITTLE STREETS REVIVED
YOU never ran tell what geed may come
nnexpecte-ily out of n situntien that
Mems te have no geed in it. Certainly no
one would have been disposed te leek for a
premise of anything desirable- in the recent
tendency te sky-high rents. Hut that tend
ency en the pnr' of the owners of large
apartment buildings, forced though It may
have been by high taxes nnd rising costs of
operation, has done mere than anything else
te glre the little streets in Kastern cities a
new lease of life and a place in the esteem
of the fashionable.
We all knew the romance of the typlrnl
little street In Philadelphia, New Yerk.
Baltimore and Hosten. Once it wns the
abode of the pretentious and the well-to-de.
Its beuses are often spnclmis and dignified
Bnt Its old residents dej arted Ien,, nun te
the country nnd in Inlrr year It has been
in danger of being n place of tenements,
poverty, decay and overcrowding. New,
however, the little street Id looking up. In
this city there already is n perceptible drift
of well-to-de nnd even fashionable people
backward te the downtown areas where
residences built in the early eighteenth cen
tury, "with all the grace of their original
architecture unimpaired under the dust, may
be bought for nominal sums.
Camnc street was the first of these small
thoroughfares te suggest te Imaginative pce-
pie the charm that even superficial restora
tion may bring te run-down neighborhoods.
Camac 6treet has a great future. And se,
apparently, have ether little streets In the
downtown area where extensive rebuilding
is new progressing under the inspiration of
folk who desire te live in centinlly located
tswn houses nnd prefer the atmosphere of
th old Philadelphia te that of the newer
Iwtsl and apartment regions. What we are
.witnessing is In fact a restoration of parts
- k.t HM1nl.1nM nliieh men Hire Wall.
WK!n.c; JJ.r,,m ,Jlc rnldnt and Treasurer)
P?flf.A. Jr''. fleeretaryi Charles II. l.udlns.
fcn. Philip p. Ceillna, Jehn II. Wllllame, Jehn J.
TMrMtnra cferM p Goldsmith, David E. smiley.
iirVri IM , '.... ........ ...... .... ...
M ' Mitchell regarded with something like nffee-Wth-
tiO" A movement of this sort needs only
j0w ' Start, mere is no teiuug wnerc it may
K'SJ-' ead ' r wnat K001' ,l nin,v ('0' Various
1'lliyM.AftVAjti. hnve heen Kinrgrstefl for (lenltni? uitli
r.taa problems of overcrowded city tenements.
W -Wt'.JtmtM could be se effective in operation as
iMs wkleh ia sugge'ted by s return of well-
lamuies te tne eiu streets weera as-
amplcs of cleanliness and dignity of manners
hare been lacking for generations.
This Is better than the wholesale de
struction of old buildings often Mtggested by
peeple who seek n remedy for what U called
the tenement problem. New Yerk is passing
through nn experience identical with that
felt In this city. Many wealthy people arc
following the lead of Miss Anne Morgan and
searching out nnd restoring line old houses
that were given up many years nge te tene
ment dwellers. In this city the little streets
south of Wnlnut nnd west of llread are
feeling the stimulus of the new mood. Hut
there Is no reason te believe that ether
downtown areas In which thousands of line
old houses nre virtually abandoned will net
be similarly rediscovered and restored.
THE FARM BLOCAND
THIRD PARTY TALK
Ne Party Committed te Class Interests
Can Survive in a Natien Dedicated
te Human Equality
JO-0 FUNDAMENTAL issue divided the
two great parties In the recent election,
and no such Issue hns divided them In any
election in recent years. The national elec
tions have been for the most part a fight of
the outs te get In nnd of the Ins te stay In.
The party In power nlways accumulates
it tuns of dissatisfaction en which the op
position works In a campaign. It was dis
satisfaction with the Democrats that gave
the victory te the Hepubllcans In 1020. It
is useless te pretend that the Immense ma
jority for President Harding was a measure
of the greater confidence the country had in
the Republican Party. Thoughtful commen
tators nt the time said that the Republican
Party must prove that it was worthy of
confidence or It would be ousted as merci
lessly as the Democratic Party had been
The voting en Tuesday was a lebuke te
the incompetent Congress, net because It
was Uepubllcan. but because it was Incom
petent. There were things te be done that
were left undone. They were net Republi
can things or Democratic things. They In
volved the solution of problems growing out
of the war en which there was no partisan
The absence of great lsues dividing the
two parties has led te n discussion of the
prospects for the formation of a new party
committed te definite policies. The Pro
gressive Party, organized in 11H2 n a pro pre
tet against the old Republican organiza
tion, has disappeared, and former leaders,
like Heveridge, of Indiana, and Pelndetter,
of Wnrhingten, have gene down te defeat
this year. Mr. Pinchot is nn exception that
does net alter the case.
Conditions nre ripe for the exploitation
of the Farm Bloc ns n new party. Its
congressional members constitute about the
only group with n definite program. This
group Is ninde up of Republicans and Demo
crats who find themselves nble te work to
gether for the accomplishment of ends te
which neither the Republican nor the Demo
cratic Pnrty is committed. This bloc Is
likely te be mere powerful In the next Con
gress thnn It is in the present one. It can
easily held the bnlance of power, nnd If
there is no dominating lender of either of
the ether parties it can readily get whatever
it asks for.
But the Farm Bloc is, in the long run,
deemed te the same disaster that overtook
the Populists In the nineties of the last cen
tury. Although the things which It de
mands arc economically sounder than these
things for which the reptillsts fought, It
must remain a class party. Therein lies Its
Ne class party has ever been nble te sur
vive very long in the United States. The
reason for this Is simple. America is a
democracy dedicated te the preposition
that all men nre equal, and Its Government
is pledged te frown upon all special privi
lege. There can be no permanent vitality in a
party seeking te se ure special legislation
favoring one group of citizen" nt the expense
of the ethers. It may grew up in n night
after the manner of Jenah's geuid, but It
will wither ns suddenly, leaving these who
sought shelter under its bread leaves te th"
scorching heat of popular contumely.
There is no greater justification for a
party committed exclusively te the interests
of the formers than there is for n party
committed te the Interests of the school
teachers or the retail merchants or the cot
ton manufacturers or te the rnilreid brake
men. Legislation affecting these people may
be desirable, but It Is net desirable pri
marily for their benefit, but for the general
geed. When it has been passed by the
Republicans or by the Democrats it has
been en the theory that inequities could be
removed only by governmental action nnd
net for the purpose of giving special privi
leges te one group of citizens at the expense
Fer the last twenty-five years there has
been speculation about the appre. idling re
alignment of the voters into radical and
conservative parties, attrneted by the pre
penderance of radicalism or conservatism In
the old parties. Hut the realignment has
net rome about, for the reason that there
have been rndlcal and conservative wings In
both the purtles. It mny net come about
for years If at all, for the reason thnt the
voters in increasing numbers are acquiring
the habit of using the parties interchange
nb'v te iic'.-empllsh their desires.
When n presidential candidate can poll
1,000,000 mere votes in H)20 than the can
didate of the same party polled for the
governorship in 1022, as happened in New
Yerk, there is nn independence of thinking
nnd ndien which will serve very well in
this period when the services of the most
delicate surveyor's instruments nre needed
te trace the line that separates the parties.
"WETS" AND THE FUTURE
FROM new en we si,n hear of nil sorts of
schemes for revision of the "dry" laws.
Seemingly, the terms of the Velstead net
are distnsteful te a great many of the pee
pie who make and unmake parties nnd ad
ministrations with their votes. The "wets'
In and out of office will mnke the utmost
of the arguments which the elections In
New Jersey and elsewhere provided for
them, and even new, while the bugles are
blowing for a rally of the beer-nnd-light-wlners
in Congress, net one spokesman for
the antl-"drys" seems te have renllzed that
what the Democrats nre suggesting is the
revival of the most pernicious and destruc
tive of all agencies associated with the
liquor trade. Thut Is the saloon licensed te
Bell net only Intoxicants, but their poison
ous imitations te the multitude. If a prac
tical way has been found te restore wines
and beer without restoring the saloon and
nil Its Influence for social and political de
struction we hare net heard of It.
Prohibition ought new te be considered in
ether thnn the emotional light. It mny be
worth whlle te remember that the move
ment against liquor began ns a movement
net against wine or beer or even whisky In
themselves, but against the widespread nnd
appalling abuses of the trade centering In
the average saloon. There were geed rea
sons for that movement nnd they arc still
valid, nnd they ennnet be explained away
by any arguments drawn from examples
provided by the free liquor trade of any
ether country, since the saloon was a pecu
liarly American device and it menace thnt
In its ultimate form would net have been
tolerated outside the United States.
We shall hear speeches in the new Con
gress about the hnrmlessness of moderate
drinking In France, where the people arc
supposed te thrive en thin mixtures of
weak wine nnd water. Little will be said
nbeut the great quantities of brandy con
sumed In France. That will net greatly
matter. Ner will It matter what the British
arc doing nnd thinking In their efforts te
escape the bed effects of universal drinking.
The problem of Intoxicants nnd of "dry"
niul "wet" laws ns It exists in this coun
try Is peculiar. Here it Is the saloon,
rather than light wine or beer, that is nnd
always has been nbomlnnble nnd dangerous.
Light wines nnd beer de net seem appall
ing in prospect. What the "wets" ought
te tell us Is whether with light wines and
beer or their imitations they propose te
restore the saloon te its old evil place In
the United States.
ART MUSEUM DOLDRUMS
THE responsibilities of the city In connec
tion with the Art Museum are such as
de net admit of argument. The advis
ability of this project has long passed out
"of the realm of debate. Mayer Moere is,
therefore, thoroughly Justified in forcing nu
Investigation Inte the condition of the pre
tentious work nnd Inte circumstances which,
if net remedied, ure likely te prove obstacles
It will occasion no public surprise te
lenrn that the present delaj- nre 'icribed te
lack of funds. This is n familiar cry in
cases of municipal constructions and it Is
undeniable, as the record of the old Public
Buildings Commission nil tee lvidly em
phasizes, that the plaint has iu the past
But the Art Museum is an undertaking
which cannot be casually dropped. Upen
its erection the possession of magnificent be- ,
quests of paintings, representing collections
with few rivals In America, is contingent.
Furthermore, the work Involving vast
topographical changes nt the head of the
Parkway cannot be incontinently aban
doned. The millions alrendy expended upon
the foundations and partial construction of
the building thus fnr will be wasted unless
the enterprise is carried te logical fruition.
The slew delivery of structural steel is,
ns was suggested at the meeting of the Fair
mount Park Commission, a handicap which
can be overcome by properly exerted pres
sure. But the obligation of Council and of
the public. In general will remain.
If n new lean Is needed it is imperative
that preparations for floating it should be
begun ns speedily as possible nnd that the
public should be encouraged te support the
idea, even theush an election en the sub
ject, unless a special one Is called, cannot
be held for another year.
Having elaborately Embarked upon the
museum enterprise, it is the obvious duty
of both the Government and the citizens of
Philadelphia te see it through.
THE FRENCH WAKE UP
WITH all Benar Law's disposition toward
"tranquillity." there is little likeli
hood that the new British Prime Minister
will be permitted te enjoy the delights of
respese in Near Kastern nffairs. The
French, who seem in the Levant te have
played the part of n Frankenstein in fash
ioning a monster fat becoming uncon
trollable, nre new pleading for the Lau
sanne conference en the date originally set.
Refet Pasha, the Turkish Nationalist
Foreign Minister, is in Constantinople
awaiting the command te stnrt west te pre
sent the case of his nation before interna
tional diplomatists en the shores of the
Swiss lake. If the conclave Is deferred, his
course, will lie east te Angera, where the
safely isolated and Imperious Otteman
Grand Assembly may be tempted te cm
brace mere policies of insolence nnd te the
manufacture of mere embarrassing "estab
It is beginning te leek as if even domestic
political turmoil In Britain cannot be used
ns an excuse for postponing the T.nusanne
meeting. Whether willingly or net, Benar
Law Is virtually certain te b drawn Inte
the formulation of a definite program with
regard te the Near l'ast.
Gestures at Channk and the presence of a
British fleet In the Dardanelles are net
enough. The Turkish situation 1ms passed
unto that inflammable state in which very
few mere sparks nre needed te destroy the
extreme delicacy of the qun-i-pjaic at the
meeting place of Europe and Ash.
It Is idle nt this time te ihell upon the
culpability of the French, whose original
support of the Kemnlistsj has beinc such
acrid fruits. Lord Cuizon, whose part in
Near Eastern affairs has Ik en dy no means
brilliant or far-sighted, is at present quite
correct in his description of the situation ns
"the most definite menace te the peaee of
The sooner the Lausanne meetings nre
called anil the envejs of the Western Pow
ers display unity of i"itiment against Turk
ish demand, daily growing mere preposter
ous the quicker will Kemnl be forced te set
a limit te his provocative impulses.
This time nt least the French Govern
ment is displaying a seine of pressing reali
ties. MONSTER METROPOLISES
THE latest figures of the population of
"Greater Londen" credit Hint lnr?e
urbaa agglomeration with T,4sfl,2ni Inhabit
ants,' the largest number in its nnnals.
This Impressive total naturally revives the
Inconclusive argument with New Yerk,
which at the Inst cf nus numbered r,f)20,048
This disparity, however, is much mere
apparent than nctunl, for Stnte frontiers
have prevented the metropolis of the New
World from devising nn "outer ring" which
has se servicenbly helped te swell the Lon Len Lon
eon records. Iu 1021 the population of the
registration count of Londen had grown te
New Yorkers, unnhle te annex Jersey
City, Cemmunlpaw, Weehnwken, Hoboken,
Newark nnd the Oranges, took solace in this
hhewlng. It Is the external ring, Included
in the newest exhibit, which remains a
Net much can b done about this situa
tien. If Ionden cheeses, for display pur
poses, te take In outlying districts, that Is
her privilege, It Is net, however, funda
mentally New Yerk's fault thnt Jersey Ilea
at her doers.
This much may be extricated from the
tangle: New Yerk nnd Londen, counting
in nil urban areas and spheres of influence,
are nearly the same size, with populations
approaching, respectively, S.OOO.OlM). Such
monster cities are unprecedented in the fe
of this planet. Imperial Reme and Hel
lenistic Alexandria were pigmies in comparison.
AS ONE WOMAN SEES IT
Spangler Mine Disaster Draws Atten
tion te Anether, Leng Drawn Out,
in the Uniqntewn Ceal Fields
Where Disease Is Rampant
Dy SARAH D. LOWRIE
FIS curious bow one's attention is
assailed by one subject until there is
nothing for it but te Step, Loek and Listen 1
The day of the mine disaster this week,
before any inkling of it get as fnr as this
town, a woman was lunching with me who
had seen n play in Londen this summer by
Uitlrnsfeather thnt was as pathetic and hu
morous and above nil as natural as bis plays
nnd pictures always are. It had te de with
a miner who get into Parliament, but what
brought him there wns n very terrible mlne
disaster in which he came off a here without
nny of the "side" one connects with stage
heroism just natural, quick-witted yet
clumsily and breathlessly enacted, everyday
heroism thnt we realize mere afterward than
at the time. The mine disaster' nnd all the
surroundings, of n mine had dawned upon
my friend for the first time apparently, and
suddenly made her aware that mere than
coal was Involved in mines nnd strikes and
disasters and unions.
, Her interest in lunching with me, I really
think, lay In the fact that 1 had lived in
a cenl mine town and knew n little about
conditions, chietiv above ground te be sure,
but enough of the underground te have at
least nn imaginative Interest In mlnera and
their lives nnd their unions and their strikes
and the reaction of the community te their
TUB questions thnt she asked me and
the horrors that I knew nbeut from
hearsay of local mine disasters and the
aftermath of broken families as well ns
broken bodies Flayed with me nil afternoon,
se that when I opened the paper and saw
what had happened nt Spangler during the
day I felt In n way as though I had known
it nil the time.
Tedav there came te see tne a clergyman
named Huntington n grandson, I think, of
Bishop Huntington -who greeted me with
"Are you perhaps Interested In cenl min
ers nnd the conditions In n mining town?
De you knew whut such n place is like,
where there Is net even a union te give the
foreign population a chance for Americani
He wanted money for n Neighborhood
Heuse for social service work, and among
ethers my name had been given him en the
chance that I might reuse interest in his
work. The person that sent him did
net knew me, nor did she guess that
1 wns iu the least interested In mining towns
or their inhabitants. It was just it chance,
you might say. And yet was It n chance?
Because Inter en in the day. ever nt the
Emergency Aid. I rnn Inte n story of mines
nnd miners. One of the State Department
of Health nurses wns there nnd was telling
a tale nbeut trouble in a mining town, and
the quick coming te the re-cue by the
State through Dr. Edward Martin and the
Department of Public Health.
THE town is Unlontewn In our own Fay
ette County, and the mines nre the soft
coal mines owned by Berwlnd, White & Ce.,
and the trouble hns grown out of the strike,
during which since they were no longer
empleyes of the company ever 1000 miners
were evicted from the company houses with
their families, making a population of ever
0000 men, women nnd children all foreign
born nnd most net spenking English thnt
took te the hillsides near ami about Union
town, where. tinder the superisien of their
union officials, they constructed shacks,
lean-tes anil bnrrncks in which they have
lived for several months ns best they can.
They have hnd feed right along, but ns
the weather turned cold their clothes did
net turn warm hence the nctlvity of the
Supply Department of the Emergency Aid!
But naturally such a horde of ignorant
folk, living under conditions such ns these,
were a menace te themselves ns well as te
the community. The union officers could
put reefs ever their hends and provide feed
supplies, but they could net keep out disease
or prevent babies coining into the world,
or even guard the water supply.
The wnter seen beenme contaminated, nnd
three epidemics broke out typhoid, diph
theria nnd scarlet fever and babies were
born anywhere and nnvbew.
It wns nt this point thnt the Health D
pnrtment stepped in and co-operated with
the union officials. Three nurses are new
en hand all the time, ns well as a staff
of doctors nnd engineers. Hospitals ns
far n Pittsburgh have been requisitioned,
nnd mothers nnd babies are taken cure of
safely nwav from the turmoil of the camp.
The epidemics hnve heen held up nnd the
wnter has been purified nnd gunnled. Sup
plies end emetgency material have been
brought from a distance the nearby neigh
bors, however well meaning, nre helpless, as
feeling runs very hljh ever the strike and
there are two sides te the affair, which has
apparently nut a quietus en local charity
of an organized sort. At this distance one
can only guess at the situation or the rea
sons they withheld help, and naturally the
State nurse who was here te collect Emer
gency Aid supplies wns reserved about con
ditions that did net lie within the authority
of the Department of Health te deal with.
IN CO-OPERATING with the unions the
State had simply met an emergenev of
slekicss and helped these In charge without
raising a question ns te who was most te
I suddenly realized ns T heard the descrip
tion of that camp of 0000 would-be Ameri
cans and of the Stnte's responsible nnd
timelv handling of the really terrible situa
tion," what a great source of strength lay
In a government, and hew well worth while
it was te vote nnd work for a geed nnd
enlightened nnd honest and "en the job"
In fact I cast my vote with n very real
sense of what It meant te lie a citizen, with
that story ringing in my ears. What but
the government could have the authority, let
alone the equipment, te turn te the help of
that group of Ignorant, well-meaning, help
less nnd In n sense hetrn.w'd foreigners.
Fer whether they hnve a gilevnncc, or nre
misled, they are strangers within our entes,
brought here by dreams of American dollars
and American freedom te find here a great
quarrel in which they lire nt once the victims
and the cause of controversy.
At least the United States of America In
the persons of its State plisliinns and
nurses can ghe them some faint shred of
faith in their humankind en this side of
the witter, te disarm the usp!rnn and
ignorant dread that must have been growing
Inte bitter hntreil In their hearts.
Mrs. Carrie Chnpman
Tugging at Her Ci'tt, In an interview
Apron Strings given in Budapest, notes
n reaction against
feminism In Europe, a revival of the
"miiirr.'ni-enrlV-Hnd -treat 'em rniiarh"
spirit among dominant males, and explains
it by declaring that revolution hns carried
woman beyond her education nnd desires.
Of course, nothing of the kind oe,j .
lim. linnnen en this side of the Atlnntle.
Ne,' Indeed! And yet the fact remains thnt
the New Yerk Supreme Court has been pe
titioned for n charier for the Association
of Brethers Under the Skin, which organi
zation 1st based en the principle that nil men
nre entitled te be boss In their own house
holds nnd te discipline their wives when
necessary, while there is here no very
strong evidence of caveman method, there
Is at least semn slight indication that the
worm is nboutje turnj
Dancing be,n nre en
Call Off Atrike In Chicago, There
the Pickets arc ninety. seven of them
and they want pay for
Instructing wall flowers In dance halls. Te
date they have received free, pnsses and
nothing mere. Their strike is ns geed ns
est. Public opinion will be ugalnst them.
The general view will be that if they get
real money for slinking a Umber leg it might
help te make n shortage In the unskilled
'Politics Is a geed thing for n woman
te keep out of," says Alice Robertsen. That
also appeared te be the opinion of the poli
tician who defeated njer,
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NOW MY IDEA IS THIS!
Daily Talks With Thinking Philadelphia en Subjects They
FIRE MARSHAL GEO. W. ELLIOTT
On Results of Fire Prevention Week
lirHlLE the results of Fire Prevention
W Week nre net nlwnys tangible or te
be judged by definite facts and figures, still
it Is unquestionably having mere nnd repre
effect each year, ns Is shown by the rela
tively decreasing number of fires of the spe
cial kinds against which the week Is aimed,
seys Fire Marshal Geerge W. Elliett.
"Fire Prevention Week Is almost entirely
educational," said Fire Marshal Elliett.
"The change from n single dny te nn entire
week gave us, nmeng ether things, the
chance te rench the public schools with
speakers en the subject, which there was
small opportunity te de In a single day.
When It Is considered that we reached seventy-five
schools with nn averngc attend
ance of about 200 pupils nt ench session,
mnklng 10,000 In nil who heard the nd
dresses, it will be seen that this was quite
an important feature of the week.
Pupils Were Interested
"In addition te this there was n big as
semblage in the high schools nt which nil
the high school pupils were present. We
had ns many ns three addresses mnde in n
single school In one day te reach nil grudes.
"One thing which wns especially notice
able was this: the work of the pupils in
making drawings nnd pesters and In writing
cssas en fire prevention Indlcntes thnt
they took a far grcuter Interest In the event
this ear than ever before. The Interest
and the influence of the teachers, tee, were
very great, far beyond whnt most persons
would think, nnd. of course, It was very
valuable for the world
"The direct results of a movement like
fire prevention nre something which cannot
be seen. All educational processes are slew
of growth, but we have every reason te
bellee that much progress is being made en
this important matter a thing which uffectH
the financial condition of every man nnd
woman in the city nnd country.
"In 1021 we hnd 4000 fires, in which
twenty-one lives were lest, nnd of this num
ber of fires 1701 were in dwellings. While
there were a let of fires in business places
nnd many false alarms, the percentage of
(ires in the dwellings that year was very
high. There was the usual large' number of
false alarms, one of the worst nuisances
with which the fire department has te con
tend. Almest 1000 False Alarms
"Of these false alarms 200 were attrib
uted te fright en the part of the dwellers
of the buildings; there were H!i7 honest mis
takes nnd 157 malicious false alarms, a total
of 810. The total number of alarms Includes
five buildings which had collapsed without
fire resulting from It, but te which the tire
men were called te assist In rescuing per
sons, and also live or six times when the
city firemen were summoned ever the county
lines Inte Bucks or Montgomery Counties,
"There were also Ti"0 fires in automobiles
net in houses or buildings nt the time of
"There has been a considerable decrease
in the number of tires caused by children
playing with matches or with fire. This, I
am convinced. Is due te the campaign of
education in 'he schools by Fire Prevention
Week and net te the vigllance of the offi
cers of the law. Last year there were 222
fires caused by children playing with
matches, and while the number is still large,
it shows a substantial decrease, which Is
Observed for Ten Years
"Fire Prevention Day Iiiih new been ob
served for nbeut ten years, this being the
first time that it wns extended te a week.
In the last three years it hns been the sub
ject nf a presidential proclamation, and it
is becoming it morn Important affair and
mere generally observed each year. It is
only n question of time when it shnll be se
generally observed and its teachings taken
se much tit heart by the public that the
number of fires of unnecessary or careless
origin shall be reduced te a minimum.
"The calendar manufacturers have put It
nn their calendars as a regular day te be
observed throughout the country. The day
was placed in me ibii en account or the
great amount of trouble thnt persons usually
had with flues at thnt time of the year, and
October 0 was selected as the especial day
because It Is the anniversary of the great
"Of course, we ere aiming at particular
kinds of fires in this campaign. Last year,
for example, we bad, in Philadelphia 075
fires due te the careless use of matches;
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340 from cigars and cigarettes. 104 from
overheated stoves. 236 'blch originated in
rubbish piles, 200 from boys playing with
fire and 222 from children playing with
Fighting Unnecessary Fires
"These are the chief types of fire origin
which we are fighting in Fire Prevention
Week, nnd while, ns I have said, we cannot
point te fungible results in figures, we huve
every rensen te believe thnt the total would
have been far larger except for the influ
ence of Fire Prevention Week und the cam
paign of education which It has spread. At
all events, there hns certninly been n sensi
ble decrease in the number of fires the
origin of which may be traced te the chil
dren. "Various important industries, such as
the paint t.nd varnish manufacturers nil
ever the country, nre getting behind the
movement, for it means much te them ns
well us te the private citizens. The Cham
bers of Commerce nil ever the United States
also support the movement and recognize its
"This year the movement hns renched
liternlly hundreds of business organizations
which heretofore have taken little interest
in it. In our own city the Fire Prevention
Committee of the Chamber of Commerce is
composed of a member of every business
association in the city. They have co-operated
heartily with our organization and
pushed the matter nil ever the city. The
apparent results speak well for this com
Reaching the Hemes
"In order te reach the homes mere directly,
I have had printed forms placed In the
hands of every pupil In the schools, telling
about the work nnd what they should de
and whnt they should net de In order te
prevent fires. These forms are taken te the
parents, and they nre urged te hnve a thor
ough examination of the house made and a
report returned. The reports nre signed by
the parents and brought back te the schools
by the children, nnd from there they are
sent te us.
"This enables us te note bad or peer con cen con
ditiens in se far ns the possibility of fire is
concerned, and we then correspond with the
pnrents nnd try te hnve the matters cor
rected. Generally we find them willing te
co-operate with us, nnd I believe that many
fires which would otherwise have happened
have thus been prevented.
Philadelphia a Leader
"Philadelphia has been n leader In this
movement from the very beginning of it.
In 1021 the decrease in the lire less in Ihls
city was $2,290,000, but it. was the first
decrease since 1015. This menus that the
per capita less by fire in Philadelphia In
1021 was $.1.50 ns ngnlnst S4.77 In 1020.
We cannot justly claim that all of this do de
crease was due te fire prevention work, but
a let of It certainly was.
"The citizens are awakening te the fact thnt
by tiniiecessarj fires they are losing money
which they de net have te lese. Until
fire prevention work the citizens hnd never
known that fire waste could he reduced by
the elimination of conditions which directly
create fires, end that the cost of lire waste
Is divided among nil the citizens iu taxes,
maintenance of a large fire-fighting depart
ment and insurance charges. Fire insurance
Is merely a sinking fund te which every one
contributes te pay the losses sustained by n
few. With an increase In the number of
tires- the cost of insurance rises; efficient fire
prevention will ussuredly lower it."
Away out in Walla Walla lives a mule ns
geed as geld.
She's a gentle thing is Jessie, and she's
thirty-three years old,
And the teiisen she Is featured en your fa
vorite front page
Is her age.
In n cellar In a homestead In a citv (It Is
There's a white mule champing fiercely at
her bit and raising Ned.
And the rensen for publicity achieved In
Is her kick.
Frem a polling booth unfettered with n wild
The wild ass of the desert comes a-hurlllng
And the reason for her being's neither age
nor kick but. say,
It's her bray,
This here new is Better Speech Wert.
Albert is the latest Beverldge te kt
' The last Velstead act was te step Jem
The Democratic mc'j Is still nn
hawing. A car shortage is a burdensome ti
which pays no debts.
, ''Watch my smoke!" said the Pitts
burgh as she sailed for Constantinople.
As New Jersey sings it: "It Is alwiy
wet weather when Democrats get together."
Republicans console themselves with th
thought that a tidal wave isn't a permantw
In New Yerk Smith appears te hin
carried Jenes, Brown and Robinson alea)
The Sultan's orchestra has joined tin
Nationalists. He is thus mere thnn eve
out of tune.
Chicago Beard of Education Is takini
steps te combat puppy love. "Doggone It!'
It is new the task of the Allies te pren
te the Turks that a step backward is reatlj
u step forward.
One trouble with the Hall -Mills raelO'
drama is that every act seems te demand it
entirely new cast.
.. "Beth 'Wets' and 'Drya' See Victory li
We." Which probably means that itwaw'i
there for either of them te see.
It Is ns reasonable te suppose tint tit
recent unpleasantness pronounced an opin
ion en ship subsidy ns en the Velstead law.
Culture is spelled with n capital letter
in Rochester. N. Y. Recently Wladtl
Zbyszko, Polish wrestler, was billed en
card of wrestling bouts. Later, when It wn
learned that Ignace Padercwski. I'eliik
pianist, was going te play en the smh
night the wrestling wns called off. Toe
much competition, wild the sports.
1 What De Yeu Knew? I
1. When wns the first actual clock prt
2. What citv Is called the "City of the Vit
iated Treaty," and why?
3. What Is the present year according ti
the Mohammedan calendar? .
4. Hew far does tha atmosphere extiiw
from the surface of the earth? ,
5. In what State la the westernmost paw
of the contiguous territory of the con
tinental trnlted Htntes? ....
7. Who were the belligerents In the DitH!
of Wagram and when was It foul""
8. Hew many miles make a league In low
0. When was the first Thanksgiving v
observed In America?
10. Whnt Is the JIghteBt known metal?
Answers te Yesterday's Quii
1. Galena Is a metallic lead-gray cleavaM
lead : an important ere of lead. M
2. The CallphMe of the Mulmmmedan worn
was nt Bagdad for about 800 y
from the middle of the eighth te tw
middle of the thirteenth century, A. fc
3. The character of Proepere occur
Shakespeare's romantic comedy, '"'
Tempest." , ...
i. The wcrd "hubbub" Is said te hvj bt
possibly derived from an ancient iri
war cry, "ubu." ....
r.. Praxiteles was one of tha famous anclJJJ
Greek sculptors. He lived In t"
fourth century B. C.
. Austin Is the capital of Texns. .
7. Kdward Preble wbh a celebrated Atnwr
can mvval commander, famous fpr
expleltM In the Revolution and In "J
war with the Barbary States. He
In 1807. . ...
8. The last Orleanlst King of franc S
Leuis Philippe (entitled King of"?
French), who was dethroned In i"';
9. dalicla wes the name of an ancient siw
dem of the Spanish peninsula, anr
ward a province of the united Pl''"
kingdom and new divided Inte 'fi
Provinces of Ceriuia, Luge. Orenie .
I'entevedra, Iu the nerthweylern V
at the country. Anether tiHllcl' 7ft
formerly h province of Austria. j ilii"J
by the Pence fenfercrc- of IPI! "
iwecn I'eiHtm una tne uHruinc lU
The poem beginning "A eeldler or
legion lay dylim at Algiers' ) Ji
Carolina Norten, an Kngllsh writer
e n ,
inn niiicicaiiiii wniurr.
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