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, PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
it " CTRU3 ft K. CURTIS, PaiwiDinir.
2 Chart it. Ludlnston, Vice President! John
C. Martin, Secretary and Treasureri Philip S.
Collins, John D. Williams, Directors.
Crura H. K. Ccsria, Chairman.
P. g. WHALEY...... .Editor
JOHN C. MARTIN.. General Iluslness Manager
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THE AVERAGE NET PAID DAILY CIR-
CULATION OP THE EVENING LEDGER
TOR JOLT WAS 131.009.
rhlltdtlphls, Mendtr, Animt 31, 1916.
Nothing it laid nowaday that hat not
been said before, Terence.
Champ Clark admits that tho Pres
ident may havo mado somo mistakes; but
his friends havo not been willing to con
cedo so much.
Tho Federal Government Is plan
nine to begin a campaign against bad
eggs. Mr. Hughes has already reminded
tho country that Mr. Wilson has put too
many of thorn in tho Washington depart
ments. Why do not tho railroad presidents
call In Mr..Bryan, tho great champion of
arbitration, to help them pcrsuado Mr.
Wilson? Is It because tho distinguished
Nebraskan has lost his Inducnco with tho
Tho closest approach to cheeso in tho
l heavens 13 tho Milky Way. Evening
Ahd what, wo may ask our con
temporary, Is tho closest approach to
cheese In Philadelphia? Tho politicians
know, but they won't tell.
They obscure Caldwell Is not to have
& walk-over for tho Republican sena
torial nomination In New York. The
It must mako Mr. Colder feel very
obscuro Indeed to be called out of his
namo like that.
Austen Colgato Is one of the per
manent products of tho Everett Colby re
volt in Now Jersey Republican politics.
Ho became a cnndldato for tho Legisla
ture in Essex County to help tho Colby
faction, but he has proved too big a man
to be a mero factionalism Tho State has
had an opportunity to discover his caliber
during his (long service in tho House and
the Senate, and now he Is responding to
the undoubted domand of his party In en
tering' tho primaries as a candidate for
tha govornprshlp. He 13 one of tho beat
assets of New Jersey Republicanism.
Things havo come to a pretty pass
when a magistrate cannot fiet into his
'own club becauso of a police quarantine
against It Magistrates Call's Twentieth
Ward Republican Club cannot bo a politi
cal organization, for Director Wilson says
that he knows of no political clubs In tho
city except tho Union Leaguo, so the
quarantine must have been ordered for
i some other reason. "If it is a gambling
house why don't he raid it?" the magis
trate Is reported as saying to the efflcer
on guard at the door. Perhaps it was
quarantined Saturday night because it
was a speak-easy. There must have been
some reason. Will Director Wilson ex
plain for the information of tho managers
of other political clubs that are not po
litical? The prohibition Issue has played the
mischief with Maine politics for years.
It gave the State to tho Democrats be
fore the Progressive wing developed in
the Republican party In 1912. The State
Is normally Republican, and if the cam
paign can be fought this year on the
legittmato political Issues, uncomplicated
by the regulation of the liquor traffic, it
la morally certain that it will roll up. a
good old-fashioned majority for the Re
publican State ticket in September and
for Hughes In November, The State
election takes place three weeks from to
day. Thp Democrats have already begun
to send their national speakers down East
to hold the voters In line. Colonel Roose
velt will make some speeches to Impress
on the Progressives the Importance of re
turning to their old allegiance, and Mr.
Hughes -wilt be in Maine a few days before
tha voting begins, when he Is expected
to unllmber the batteries which he has
been masking on, his Western tour and
let the enemy have some hot shot.
We know as little about infantile
paralysis as was known about yellow
fever in the last century. At the con
, Terence in Washington last week a Public
Health Service surgeon paid. "Frankly,
we don't know bow the disease. Is trans
mitted, nor- its cause.' The physicians
knew things that were not so about
yellow fever in the days before the Reed
Commission discovered the relation of
mosquitoes to Its transmission. Dr, Wil-
liara Pepper, of this city, writing in
Johnson's Encyclopedia, published in the
nineties, said, that it was generally con
ceded that there was a specific Infectious
aeent which propagated the disease, and
that this materies inorbl when let loose
would prove harmless unless the weather
was warm, and the air moist. He said it
tnlfrht be carried from point to point
through business intercourse or personal
Visits, but that there -was no general at
tnospberio contamination and no infeo.
Hon or contagion necessary except as the
air was vitiated by the breath or vomit
or ether discharge from, the patient. He
.admitted, tawwr that the queUonvpf
'ill dtraot Q&iagtoUAiNM of the tftease
6 iiUJ & Oj opinion. Witowww
iht it f no Bi.vWlcwa ulttuvU w
imu te. mam &malm9w&iiB&&&ito&&to
yellow fever, but that the mosquito is
directly responsible for Its transmission.
But we learned this only about fifteen
years ago, and the mysterious character
of the ailment no longer terrifies. Wo are
fighting Infantllo paralysis In tho dark
Just now, but the light may como any
FINANCIAL JOKER THREAT
ENS TRANSIT DELAY
O CONTRACTS for transit work un
der tho authorizations of this year
can be let until some part at least bf the
loan ratified by the people In May Is sold.
If, however, even $1,000,000 worth of the
bonds for transit purposes are sold, It
will be possible thereafter to lot contracts
In advance of particular bond sales. So
run tho technicalities in tho caso, accord
ing to responsible officers, tho peculiarity
In tho caso of transit arising from tho
fact that a fifty Instead of a thirty year
amortization term holds for theso special
The city requires now about $9,000,000
wherewith to pay mnndamuses, duo to
Parkway condemnations, which manda
muses aro drawing interest at tho rate of
six per cont. Quito oblously it is good
business to get these paid, as tho saving
in interest will bo very great. There
ought, in fact, to bo no further delay In
this matter, as tho unnecessary cost to
tho city is approximately flvo hundred
dollars a day.
Tho condition of tho security market Is
such that It Is possible tho city would
havo difficulty In selling nt par two suc
cessive Issues of bonds. By law tho tran
sit bonds cannot bo sold for less than par.
If, therefore, $3,000,000 should bo Issued
for tho Parkway and difficulty should bo
experienced later In selling a second Issuo
for transit, tho effect would bo to tlo tho
wholo program up and delay would bo
In the circumstances It seems perfectly
clear that not nlno but ten millions of
bonds should bo sold, of which $1,000,000
should bo specifically for transit work.
Tho effect of this would bo to open tho
way for tho letting of whatever transit
contracts seemed wise, irrespective of tho
amount involved. It Is, Indeed, tho one
sensible and suro way of making tho
transit grants availablo and rendering
acceleration of tho great entorprlso pos
sible. There has been too much delay In prose
cuting transit work already. Several
days ago the Mayor Issued a statement,
considered a reply to cortaln pessimistic
utterances by Director Twining, in which
ho declared that he was ready to push
things along and that new contracts
would bo advertised for in tho near
future. If no new contracts can bo let
until somo of tho bonds are sold. It is per
fectly clear that tho first thing to do 13
to sell somo transit bonds. Instead of
that tho city is confronted with a pro
posal to sell bonds for the Parkway only.
Wo doubt very much If tho technicali
ties of the situation havo boon called to tho
attontlon of tho Mayor. We confidently
expect that he will now tako measures
promptly to see that tho financial diffi
culties are removed and everything mado
easy for Director Twining to get busy.
Certainly it will bo amazing if subordinate
projects authorized by tho May loan aro
hurried along while tho main project pro
vided for is left up in tho air.
Tho Important thing for citizens to re
member is this: Unless some bonds for
transit purposes are sold with the next
batch of bonds offered to tho public, tho
whole transit program will be threat
ened with long and tedious delay. There
is nothing that would better please the
obstructlonlstswho, although they have
been whlppod in every encounter in tho
open, are still hopeful that they can ac
complish further delay by indirection.
IT IS not the question whether there
shall be-arbitration in the railroad sit
uation or not, but who shall arbitrate?
A protracted strike without violence
would be impossible, nnd violence would
spell defeat for the employes. There Is
not to be a state ot siege, because the
country, will not stand for a state of
Mr. Wilson has presented a plan for
agreement which the union accepts and
which the railroads reject, demanding
arbitration. Mr. Wilson replies that he
believe, in arbitration, but that "this is a
condition and not a principle we face," a
fine quotation from Grover Cleveland.
But its finesse is not very helpful.
The railroads are "willing for the Pres
ldent of the United States to appoint a
commission of disinterested persons to
arbitrate all matters of dispute,"
Now a commission appointed at Mr.
Wilson' personal discretion would simply
be Mr. Wilson in disguise. If the em
ployes have gotten fair play from Mr.
Wilson, why could they not get equally
fair play from Mr- Wilson's commission?
Whether they call the proceedings arbi
tration, a condition, or a principle Is not
important. The Important thing is the
personnel of that body, which now or
later -will be the thir4 party to which
both sides eventually must yield. The
employes have an opportunity to have
that personnel fixed by the man who
thinks along- the tame lines that they do.
Their failure to seize this opportunity
has the appearance of a seizure .of Mr,
Wilson's prestige as President as an
asset, he having happened to state an
opinion which was more acceptable to
them than" to the railroads. The railroads
cannot be deprived of their "day In
court," as they put u indefinitely. The
President's threat to let the public knew
where to place tho responsibility Is
merely another way el calling- In the pub
Ita to act arbitrators tbrqugh vhat-
EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA', MONDAY, AUGTTST 21, 1916.
Tom Daly's Column
INTRODUCING BERT LESTON TAY
LOR, WHO BATS FOR US TODAY
The Chicago Tribune modestly calls it
self "the World's Greatest Newspaper,"
Whether it's all that or not, the third
column on the editorial pace, which
houses "A Line O' Typ& or Two," has
helped much to make the Tribune what
ever it ft today. At the bottom of that
colyum is B, h. T, and in many other
ways ifit the initial -colium. It was the
first of its kind for one thino and it
speaks to a larger audience than any
other colyumlst addresses, Bert Taylor
also plays golf. We might dilate upon that
but he fias been kind to us, Hear him:
HEN quacks with pills political
would dope us,
Whon politics absorb tho livelong day,
I like to think nbout tho star Canopus,
So far, so far away.
Greatest of vlsloncd Buns they say, who
To weigh it Bdenco always must de
Its Bholl would hold our whole dinged
Nor over know 'twas there.
Whon temporary chnlrmon utter speeches
And frenzied henchmen howl their bat
My thoughts float out across tho cosmlo
To whore Cnnopus swims.
When men nro calling names and making
And all tho world's ajanglo and ajar,
I meditate on Interstellar spacos
And Btnoko a mild ncegar.
For aftor ono has had about a week of
The arRumcnts of frlonds as woll as
A fltar that has no parallax to speak of
i;onauce3 to roposo.
Whon tho presidential campaign la
out of tho way, and tho -great war Is over,
thero will bo, pralso heavon, Interesting
things to read and write about.
Speaking of tho great war, Explorer
Stefnnsson will not return to civilization
this season. Ho Isn't missing much civi
lization. Wise and Motor Wise
Sir la this a now Ford Joko?
Ding, tho peerless salesman for tho
eight-cylinder Cnntnloupo, says: "I'd
like to havo tho Ford agency In a good
llvo town. You can sell cm Just llko
Jim, another wlso ono, replica: "You
roll your own, eh 7" MAC.
Add humor of tho war: Berlin worry
Inc over tho amount of money tho Allies
aro shooting away in shells.
Rock River Anthology
Sir Tho Rock has its tragedies no less
bitter than the Spoon. Hero exists Tom
Jackson, teamster, who weighed 345
poundi yesterday. Ho has enough money
to retire on, but tho doctors tell him ho
must work six days a week or dlo from
E. D., M. T H. B. IC
Speaking of tho hired man eating
celery, tho Benton Harbor Chautauqua
announces Dr. Ng Poon Chow, and every
body Is urged to hear this famous Doctor
Much Ado About More or Less
Sir Whon a flcklo, shrewish spring gives
way to summer, and fair days prompt a
rCBponslvo youth to outdoor pleasures ami
attlro, tha hoys and girls of this thrlce
favorcd spot are wont to paddle to and
fro upon tho lako In quest of romance" and
diversion. I am myt.elf a lover of diversion,
and romance Interests mo strangely, and so
nt times I venture to do likewise" So It was
that throo of us glided In our frail craft
n f. c. always g. past a cliff before which
nesting swallows wove a veil of flight.
"Look!" cried tho bow paddler, who Is
by way of" being a bird crank. "There
aro barn swallows among them."
"I thought barn swallows built their
nests In barns," said the passenger.
"They do, generally." answered the man
up front, "but those doubtless feel at home
where they are. That Is a very lofty cliff."
I waited a moment for him to go on,
and then, "Yes," I said Boftly and next
day the papers spoke of tho remarkable
display of lightning unaccompanied by
thunder "yes, and then, too, a cliff Is real
ly more stable than a barn."
I have before Inveighed against groan
ing, and silence desolates me scarcely less,
but what I most abhor Is a forced merri
ment, hinting a contempt that friendship
veils and kindness cannot bear to show.
It affects mo much as an acquaintance of
mine, a real estate broker, said a cold did
him. "It takes." he wheezed, with tears In
his eyes, "the wind out of my sales."
I remember that at the time I was In
no mood for airy nothings, and so, "Sir,"
Bald I, "dam the wind in your salea 1" thus
coining, as It were, a phrase.
As they have names for everything in
tho European battlefields, it is strange
no ono has referred to the American
sheila that don't explode as "nutmegs."
Roaming in China
Sir Just back from the Orient, where
I saw this in the Grand Lama temple In
THE ROAMED RULES.
(1.) Any persons who hold tha ticket can bfl
permlttM to enter (or roam.
(2.) Tho price ot tha ticket is $.585 coppers
but, tha children and tba servant only to
(3. r Without another ezpensa except the price
14.) Tha idols, the sacrificial furnitures, tba
buddhism's statements, and the many exhlbl
tlons which are m several halls would not be
touched and moved.
(3.) Tha roads of this temple has been divided
Into the passaces and hansed the pointing;
wooden boards (or tho travelers passtne to reach
the dllferent places, but do not so- Into the else
of the broken and destroyed building to prevent
the risk. ;. T.
"Watson, My Hat and a Well-FHled
From th Jasper (Ala.) Mountain Eagle,
Please announce through your columns that
the (uncral of old Dro. II. W. King and his vtKe
will be preached the 4 th Sunday In August at
New Oak Orove church, two miles cast of
Mauvoo on Jasper and Russellvllle road, by
Itav. John w. Moore; and there will also bo on
the tame day, a memorial singing In both the
New Hooks and the Sacred Harp, as they were
dear loers ot all good music Tbs new book
sloglns will be conducted by Prof. C. C. Alex.
ander and the old by Uro. Jess Lamons. 11 ro.
John R. Dutton and others. All singers are
cordially Invited to attend with your books.
Everybody . come with well tilled basket and
spend the day; a grand and glorious time Is ex
pected. Como one, come all. Yours truly.
"Bewildered," -who found the following
undar his door, suspects his landlady;
"Mr, S : My Rents are We In ad
vance, & when I let It go three weeks &
ask twice for It I want results."
The English have had a great deal of
fun over Doctor Wilson's unfortunate
phrase, "too proud to fight." The latest
slam is a comment on the sharks along1
the Atlantic coast, 'Thero - is such a
thing," remarks Punch, "as being too
proud to bathe." .
"Wanted Donkey or a eoatj must be
reasonable. Buffalo News.
That's asking- a good deaU
Apropos of the foregoing, Mr. Wil
son Is saia to be displeased because Mr.
Bryan has. butted. Into the strike situation.
JlHi Pm Wtosa uts & fe afc
THE VOICE OP
President Wilson Charged With Subscribing to the Brandeis Theory
of Railroad Management Cooked Food as a Preventive
of Infantile Paralysis
This department Is free to all readers who
wish to express their opinions on subjects of
current interest. It is an open lorum, end the
Evening Ledger assumes no responsibility or
the views of its correspondents. Letters must
he sinned bu the name and adtlress ot the
writer, not ncceaanxlli lor publication, but as a
ouarantca 0 good alt
HELPING A WORTHY CAUSE
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Tho Presbyterian evangellstlo com
mlttco for summer tent, open-air and dally
vacation Bible school work, at Its closing
meeting for tho season, held In tho Wlthor
spoon Building Monday, August 14, unani
mously voted to thank the Evemino Ledobr
for Its valuable assistance In giving pub
licity to our evangelistic services and our
dally vacation Bible school work, and for
Its report of tho proceedings of our Mon
day noon rallies. Tho committee greatly
appreciates this courtesy on the part of
the Evenino LEDacn, believing It has
greatly aided a' worthy and deserving cause.
WILLIAM P. FULTON.
Secretary and Superintendent
Philadelphia, August 19.
MR. WILSON AND THE RAILROADS
To the Edttor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Tho one man In tho United States
who ought to be congratulating himself In
these days Is Louis F. Brandeis. He said
a few years ago that the railroads were
managed so extravagantly that economies
amounting to $1,000,000 a day could be
made without seriously affecting the serv
ice to tho public. President Wilson has,
in effect, told tho railroad presidents In
Washington that they can make the In
creases In cost of operation Involvod In
tho eight-hour day as tho basis of pay
without having to Increase their charges
to the public. His language Is: "Calcu
lations aB to the cost of the change must,
if made now, be made without regard to
any possible administrative economies and
adjustments." There can be no doubt of
what Is In the President's mind. He In
sists that the eight-hour day bo granted
"because It Is right," and then promises
that he will use his influence to bring about
an Increase In rates "If the findings of
the Federal commission show that such a
course would be Just." But tho Federal
commission Is tainted with the BrandelB
notion that the ralhoad managers do not
know how to manage tlo roads; that they
aro wasting money that might be used to
pay dividends to shareholders.
The railroad men are willing to arbi
trate and toabide by the decision ot a
body of fair-minded men who have heard
the evidence. It seems to me that their
position' Is unassailable. They object to
being held up by the neck and compelled
to agrea to a plan which they insist will
bankrupt tho great enterprises In their
Can it be that tho President is playing
politics? Is he so rash as to believe that
for the sake ot securing a re-election he
is Justified In holding over, the railroads a
threat of Government ownership unless they
yield to his demand? Does he not know
that through the Interference by tha Gov
ernment in the management of the roads it
has become difficult for tha directors to se
cure the capital needed for proper main
tenance, to say nothing of necessary ex
pansion? Does ho not know that "It is
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
The Republican water Is so fine this year
that the people Just can't stay out. Cincin
nati Commercial Tribune.
So far. no substitute for gasoline has been
discovered cheaper than shoo leather, New
Orleans States. (
There is nothing more important, wa re
peat, than tha study of mental, processes
and tha qualitative analysis of intellectuals
in tha case of a Chief Magistrate who la a
candidate for re-election Vbw York Sua.
Taking his talks into consideration and
the grief they cause President Wilson, it is
plain that a term on tha bench has had
no effect on the splendid and unerring aim
Mr. Hughes is directing against tha Ad
ministration. Cincinnati Commercial Trib-
Compulsory health Insurance for wag.
earners, which is now being strongly adve.
cated in this country. Is pretty certain to ba
given a further boost by tba adoption of tha
measure as ft plank la the platform of tha
national Liberal party of Canada, led by Sir
Wilfrid Laurler. Compulsory Insurance,
with, proiriaion for eontributWna from the
State, eoployer and employes, baa already
Hun t.hlishedl in Germany. Austria-Hun-,
axy4 pusaia. prtaj prftaw HaUand, Not
WHICH WILL WITHER
within the power of the Interstate Com
merce Commission to bankrupt any road
and destroy the valuo of Its securities by
rofusal to permit Incrcaso In rates or by
Interminable delay In reaching a decision?
And Is ho not aware that If he had In
mind tho purchase of tho railroads by tha
Government he could not bo pursuing a
more effective policy for depreciating their
securities so that they could be bought on
tho bargain counter?
Ho said whon ho signed the Underwood
tariff law that he had been waiting all his
life for the opportunity to approvo such a
statuto; that Is, a statute which has put
American manufacturers on the defensive.
Can It be that he has also been awaiting an
opportunity to launch the Government in
tho railroad business and that ha thinks
that It has now como 7 G. W. D.
Philadelphia, August 20.
COOK THE CHILDREN'S FOOD
To the Edttor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Kindly permit me to offer a sug
gestion In connection with the present
In this ailment, like all others, preven
tion Is better than cure.
I have had personal observation of nearly
five hundred cases In New York nnd New
Jersey, and have found that In 00 per cent
of the patients anemlo conditions, tho result
of Improper food, are accompanying condi
tion, and that modern apartments with gas
stoves and patent foods are In tha history
of every case.
Feeding children or adults on the present
patent foods Is a crime and Impoverishes
the body In the very parts that then cannot
resist tho paralysis.
Half-cooked food, such as oatmeal, tha
result of saving gas or heat, is poison. It
takes at least an hour. Hastily boiled milk.
Instead of gradually warmed, ruins the milk
and the stomach.
In an apartment In New York where
breakfast foods, cantaloupes, corn and
other Indigestible, uncooked foods were tha
det, three children and the mother died.
In the flat above with more children and
less Income, but a' good, patient mother and
cook, where well-cooked oatmeal, rlco and
soups, plso soft boiled eggs, cooked fruits
and plenty ot milk were the diet, you could
not give them paralysis.
Proper food Is everything.
GEOnGE E. FORREST.
Philadelphia, August 19. ,
WHEN IS A MAN GROWN UP?
To the Editor of tha Evening Ledger;
Sir I hava been told that the", only in.
fallible way to discover when a man ceases
to be a boy is to And out how he arranges
the bills In a roll of money in his pocket.
While he Is still a boy ha puts tha blg'bltls
on the outside so that ha can Impress people
with his wealth when ha flashes the roll.
When he arrives at years of discretion ho
puts tha little bills on the outside, both for
convenience and to remove temptation
from the light-fingered who may sea him.
There may be other tests equally good, out
I have observed that this works very well
in practice. I would ba willing to wager a
five-cent cigar that Colonel Roosevelt puts
tha big bills oti tha outside of his wad.
Wouldn't you? STANDPATTER.
Philadelphia, August IE.
way, Rumania and Serbia. Tha new Cana
dian plan Includes maternity benefits. There
is considerable expectation that tha Con
servative party will follow the Libera lead
and that legislation will follow soon after
tha war, A model bill for tha United States
has been drafted by tha American Associa
tion for Labor Legislation, and will be In
troduced next year, tha association an
nounces. In 20 State Legislatures. Spring
WHEN I AM STANDING, ON A
. MOUNTAIN CREST
When I am standing on a mountain crest.
Or hold the tiller In tha dashing spray,
My love of you leaps foaming in my breast,
Shouts with the winds and sweeps to their
My heart bounds with the horses of the sea,
And plunges in tha wild rlda ot the, night.
Flaunts In tha teeth of tempest tha large
. eleo s
That rides out Fate and welcomes gods to
Ho. love, I laugh aloud for love of you,
Glad that our love Is fellow to rpugh
No fretful orchid hothoused from Jha dew.
But hale and hardy as the highland
Rejoicing la tha wind that etlnss and thrills,
ueavaas oi eccss, piaymsio ot wa bum.
ZL -webari mrm 1
What Do You Know?
Queries of general interest will tie answered
In this column. Ten Questions, the answers to
which every unit-Informed person should know,
are asked dally.
1. What is a sea-puss?
2. When Is the Maine Slate elections?
S. A fourih Allied ofTeniilTo Is said to bo be
ginning. On what front Is that?
4, About whnt percentage of the railroad work
ers In the United Slates aro ,tho 400,000
who hate threatened to strike?
5. IlaTB eirthquake shocks ever been fell in
. What Is "a flradgrlnd"?
7. What Is a horoscope?
B, Who was Stephen rhllllps?
0. How Is the name Paderewski pronounced?
10. How many quarts in n magnum?
Answers to Saturday's Quiz
1. The Articles of War are the discipline and
disciplinary procedure cods of the United
3. Ballistics! the srlenre which treats' of tha
motion of projectiles.
S. Rain . washes from the air
pollen, and ordinarily contains an appre
nnd carbonic nc
4. The rygmlrs. a dwarf negroid race of equa
torial Africa. They ore under S feet In
5. Hale Jloldent president of the Chicago, Dar
lington and )u ncy nnd spokesman for tho
"sregeuriVocT4 '" n nnMr7 to
l'rrsldent Cleveland, who called out the
army and resorted to tho Injunction.
0. A claque t persons paid for applauding.
10. Horse latitudes! tho region nlong the polar
edge of the trade-wind belts.
. i D,7 V1"0 July ,B ca,,e4 a "national
holiday,' It has not been made one by
Congress. Congress has at various times
appointed special holidays. In Its second
aesslon tho Flfty-thlrd Congress passed an
act making Labor Day a publlo holiday In
the District of Columbia, nnd It has recog
nUed tha existence of certain days as
holidays for commercial purposes, but with
tho exception named there is no general
statute on tha subject The proclamation)
of tha President designating a day of
thanksgiving only makes It a legal holiday
in tha District of Columbia and tha Terri
tories. There are more than B0 legal
holidays observed in tha various States and
A Saying" of Louis XIV's
Louis XIV, Tha correct form is "L'Etat
o'est mol" "I am the State."
Designer of 25-Cent Piece
R. E. S. The designer of the new 28
cent piece la Hermon Atkins MacNell
sculptor, who was born in Chelsea. Mass., n
1886 He was a Tupll of Chapln. at Jul an
Academy, and spent 13 years at tha Ecola
des Beaux Arts, In Paris. For three vara
Mr. MacNell taught at CorneU and ItoK thl'
samo period at tha Art Institute at Chi
cago. He won the Roman Relnehart schoU
arshlp n sculpture. 1836-1900; was awa?d.
ed designers' medal. Chicago ExDosltlnn
"?i! 8'iV.r,meU, Pa-s ExPoSUoS1800:
gold medl. Buffalo Exposition. 1901 sliver
medal. Charleston Exposition. 1902; com
memorative medal, Louisiana Purchase Ex"
post on, 1904; gold medal. Pan 5
position. 1915. Did Important decorativ.
work at Chicago, Paris Buffalo Tathe
Panama Exposition, and in addition won in
numerous competitions for publlo works.
Roosevelt and Wilson
Editor of -What Do You Knota"Jn
what speech or writing of Mr. Roosevelt
did a recent remark of his occur comparing
the situation which Wilson confront Tin
Mexico with what McKin ey confronf-d Tanrt
if possible, will you quota the Mnttl ''
It was in his letter declining the Pro.
T'TS "V?1""'"' that Mr, RooseveU
made the following statement, probably tha
one you refer to; "We owe ah of our wis!
ant trouble with the professional German
American element in the TUnitSS sf'"?
Mr. Wilson's timid and Vacillating f, to
during tha last two yearX Tha defSS.
of Mr. Wilson hava alleged In excuse ?
him that he confronted a dlfttcul ? situation'
As regards Mexico, the situation which iSS"
WlUon confronted was nothing jjka me'
"that which PrVsidSt MeSaiS
confronted in connection with Cuba ?S ,y
fWtaZ" a- 0 time of the SpanUh fttS?
ynder the actual circumstances Tw T W,a
with only a minimum ofrUkv. LEW
on behalf of Belgium, a smalLeVhSn?'
nation, when ah was expend Tto 'iJ,V.!
extremity of outrage by tfaVbrutit vlaltf"
'it ".&. t Sa?SSS I
VtZ'tarzS1? W4 eonvetanl
WHY WAS HP,
. ... .. " lai
jLiireo uonmcting Accounts of ijj
Kjumiga oi iName of the
By JOHN ELFRETH WATKlMo
"TTE CHANGED his name for n"j
So saya history of John Paul j,,n.. J
-wizard or tho sea." H9 was hT
mystery from first to last, He J
with tho surname of Paul John ot!r
and no more ho had been as a pi!"
laddie, whon his bare feet hart .... r"li
ovor the heather: and lil ai,,. T
est Scotch cardenflr. hnH u -'. tt.fc
puro and simple. Indeed, it ( ? V,
Known iaoi mat joiin Paul had be. '
good-enough name for our hero uniinl
arrived nt tho ago of 26 or 27, ," ft
trriltaf tin Aria tlnn et i. . " Ql
. ....., .... M. UAlra surham0w$
scores of men havo gono into court $
doff that thoy might have surer laair
This precocious youth when U t
captain pf a Scotch brig, which hs Wf
tincin two trlnn In thn w t., r!'
lng ono of theso cruises occurred aa S
cldent which wnj, liM t... .
count for his changing his name. &
coming Involved in a quarrel with Iff,
ship's carpenter, Maxwell, by nam. i$
Is said to havo flogged that lnsubordlaSt
of cruelty woro thereupon preferS
against tho Scotch skipper, but were th"
missed as frivolous. When In a
weoks, howovcr, his alleged victim dfcP
tho charges wero rovlvcd. Somo say tw
John Paul was charged with the muriJT
of Maxwell and was Indicted by a grml
Jury at his old homo In Scotland. In uA"
evont ho was not arrested, but tha lnet'
dent preyed upon his mind, and to piotT
his Innoconco ho sent nmdavlts to Ww1""
tamiiy in scoiiana. it was to escape ihi
possibility of identification in the ettet'l
of his capture tnat no added Jones to We
namo, according to this theory,
Other accounts give quite a differs!'
motivo. His Brother, William Paul M
como to America In 1760, had bouehtV
largo plantation in Virginia and had w.J
teroa nt tjnanoito, jn. u., into a icer.
cantile business In which ha vrai es?
gaged at the tlmo of his death In IHI
His storo was In tho same bulldlnr fa
which Georgo Washington was InlUaW
as a Mason. John Paul came to YlK'
glnla In 1773 to administer his orotic
er's estate. According o one tiidltleri,
his deceased brother William, on comliie.
to America, had been adopted by a ridr
but chlldloss relative of tha nana j
Jones, nnd William had taken this nam.
of his foster parents, who had provMeT
that in caso William Paul Jones died Is-'
testato, his young brother, John tUS,
might Inherit -tho property if he itf j
should tako tho namo of Jones. , whisk) :
he did. ' '
According to a third theory, the Ml
mariner went from Virginia to NotdTij
Carolina to settle tho estate In that Stitr
and thero met two brothers, Allen m
Wllllo (pronounced Wylle) Jonea,aa
of a wealthy and distinguished tufa
who had been educated at Eton flJl
woro very influential in political IKtlBiJ
lng out of funds and unable totalta!
upon his inheritance unUl after sm
itrylng delays, John Paul became, tse
beneficiary of theso brothers' soutfiHB
hospitality. Colonel Willie Jones tecaj
his bondsman for $2500 when he filed
nanera of administration and attended It
tho legal 8ido of the probation of thai.
Although a rough diamond compared wits
his distinguished hosts, tho frlendle
tlo Scotchman's plcturesqueness won tls
ndmlratlon nnd ho gratefully accepts!
their Invitation to remain in their fam
ily until his Inheritance might be forth?
coming. Charmed by his' new summrf-'
Ings, John Paul determined to retain Ml
Southern plantation and become a.f
dent of the new world. So, as an w
dence of hla crrntltude. he assumed
stirnnma f Vifo r"i"n ttnfl fYH.
a wa j u uwiivMtw.v,
THE SCHOLAR A& A DUB
Looking over tha long list of PWRr
who contributed to Mr. Wilson's cwrW-'
fund nnd subsequently got their M7.B?f 1
we ara forced to tho painful nf11?lt
that tha willingness ot tne aomJ'"Ktt
to pass around tna pie was """"VT
In politics may be a' dub In pie cuttli-j:
New York American.
THE TRUE MEMORIAL
Of course England will build a """Rierj
to Lord Kitchener, but the silent """JKrJ
will rest batter if. first. England W JpKttm
the good worK ne started uoe i iMff
New York Telegram.
11:18 to ltlW
IT Trprrrr T? T.ATYV TCTT.EEN'
Thur.. Frl.. Bat., Blanche flwett, PuW PrtH
. . . inw ir.nVET TR?f
AliAUJS "" mShcW
In "Hulda From Hoana
Thurs., Frl.. BatWalUee Bell aaflM,
Rldgely In "House ot the Golden Wiasw
B. F. Keith's TheaM
AN ALL tfEW FBATUBB J3"! j?l
Bert Kalmar & Brown-isy
nm.rl.s j. Wood Co., in -;"
-- -t -- m n . irH IILDSIS-
ig uue iiartr .?? .- rs.u
Today at 2. 2Se & ouoj Tonignt z.
Dorothy Bherman i-rsenw - - W
"ThP. Colonial jjbih i
TUB BCOOP," "ramatto yowltr. H2j
BROAD ManMoil, Aug.
r-rTA ATJ A TJTJ A"NTRLL
la a New T T O R A B E 1
TWICE DAH.V. NCT&II
Matinees" 25c. SSct Evg.. " .Oa
"m Howe's Travel jmw
d...i.i. on.. Thursday. Afeifc ?
"T T CHESTNUT W$ fll
Arcadia l0 MSm
xA. rum. Burks: "OloHa's Bomaacs
Thurs. . fit "PUlars o-S
. a?J3HB HMB-Sar&
H.kXAHWat ,S KiMl -