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EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA SATURDAY, AUGUST &191G
BROOK NO DELAY
ON TRANSIT JOB,
Smith Says He'll See That
Contracts Are Awarded
NO MORE CASH NEEDED
Mayor Outlines Program
for Rushing Transit Work
CONFERENCES on all problems
beween the Mayor and two other
city representatives on Transit
Board to begin within week.
Bids for some of the work will be
advertised within a few days.
Work will be pushed forward with
all possible rapidity despite the fact
that the Transit Department is un
dermanned. No difficulty anticipated in Ret
tlne an operating agreement with
the Philadelphia Rapid Transit
Agreement will be for leasing all
lines in high-speed system as a unit.
Refusal of the P. R. T. to work
out a co-operative agreement would
mean immediate construction of
Chestnut street subway.
Loan money available sufficient to
complete entire Taylor plan in
IlOflCES GALLERY PHOTO MAN
SNAPS PICTURES OF SIGNERS
Liknessea of Patriots Who Indorsed
Declaration Preserved by City
The city of Philadelphia In the future will
keep on file at City Hall photographic
copies of the portraits of every one of the
signers of the Declaration of Independence.
The making of these photographs has been
ordered by Mayor Smith, who feared that
a fire or some other catastrophe might be
fall Independence Hat! and destroy these
The portrait. 56 In number, are being
removed from their places on the walls and
taken to the official photographer's office
on the seventh floor of City Halt. Harry
Bodkin, the official photographer, hm taken
personal charge of reproducing the por
traits, which are being taken to City Hall
three or four at a time
Because of this work, the custom of re
moving from Its place the portrait of any
signer whose birthday Is to be observed
and placing It on an easel Just Inside the
main entrance to the building has been
temporarily abandoned. The work of re
producing the portraits will be finished
within a short time
Jlayor Smith proposes to see that Di
rector Twining opens bids within a few
days for some of the work on the Broad
street subway. That will mean that the
work outside of the City Hall station will
t last be started.
In a confident, optimistic Interview, the
Mayor said the work would start shortly
ven though the Department of City Tran
sit was undermanned. He went on to say
that the whole Taylor plan would be com
pleted within the estimated cost.
Quite aa confidently, the Mayor expects
the Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company to
be ready to operate the entire system when
It Is done, and If the transit company balks
on any part of It he expects to begin Im
mediately the building of the Chestnut
street subway and to seek an Independent
Within a few days the Mayor said he
wilt take up all the problems with the other
city representatives on the Board of City
Transit William Hancock, president of the
United Business Men's Association, and
Colonel Sheldon Potter.
'They are big matters," the Mayor said,
land we must give them much thought
and careful attention. My colleagues on
the Transit Board and myself have been
giving the subject much consideration, for
' we want to secure to the people of Phila
delphia the best returns possible for their
WILL GET BIDS.
"We propose to build those sections first
that are the most tedious and difficult. With
in a few days I expect that contracts for
some of the work will be open for bids.
Director Twining has told me that he has
only 60 draftsmen at work on the plans
alt that he can obtain at present but with
all that we hope to put out some of the
work within a short time.
"There has been no unnecessary delay
t about the project," the Mayor continued.
"Everything, haa been going along nicely
and to our satisfaction. There Is nothing
for the people to get excited about. What
we want to start on first are those sec
tions that will require the longest time to
complete. I cannot say Just now whether
the plans for the work under the City Hall
from Spring Garden street to Spruce street
will be ready as soon as we would like
to have them, but the work wilt be started
just as soon as the plans can be gotten
"Will you start work on North Broad
street first, or the Parkway; or will you
tart both at the same time?" he was asked.
That's something I cannot speak defi
nitely about." he replied. "Mr. Taylor has
aid that the work under the City Hall,
because of the stubborn character, ougnt
to be started early, and both myself and
Director Twining agree with him on this.
"Wj are not going to build sections that can
be completed quickly and have them lie
Idle while waiting for connecting sections
to be completed. That would not be busi
nesslike. FOB QUICK START
"What I want to do Is to get the transit
problems aa well aa other large matters of
civic Improvement that the city Is inter
ested In begun speedily. That's one of the
reasons why I am not taking an extended
vacation, I want to see things begin to
move. And they are moving, too."
"Do you think there will be any difficulty
In the obtaining of an agreement with the
Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company to
operate the lines that you are going to
"None whatever." the Mayor answered.
"After we have gone over the proposition
In regard to the leases and know what we
have to offer to the company we shall sub
mlt the same to them. Under the 1907
agreement they have 80 days In which to
take up the matter with us or reject It
What will be dorfc Is - matter the company
can best decide jfor Itself, but I have been
assured that theY are willing and ready to
trut with th iltv '
Heavy Counter-Attacks by
the Austrians Reported
FIGHTING ON PASSES
PBTBOOllAD. Aug 5
The Austrians took the Initiative both in
Gallcla and on the Bukowlna fronts yes
terday and launched heavy counter-attacks
against the Russians. It was officially an
In Bukowlna an Austrian force esti
mated at nearly a division attacked small
Russian detachments occupying the moun
tain passes southwest of Kuty. In the region
of the Itlver Tcheromoch The Russians
were compelled to withdraw a little to the
northeast before superior enemy forces.
South of Brody obstinate fighting has
dfveIopd along the river Sereth Aus
trian forces attacked Russian detachments
which had crossed the -river In the region
of Peniaki and Tchlstopady, but were re
pulsed. The text of the official report follows :
Obstinate fighting is taking place on
the Sereth. The enemy counter-attacked
our troops that crossed the Sereth
In the sector of I'enlakl-Tchlstopady.
but the attacks were repulsxl. W
consolidated our new positions.
An enemy division In the region of
the River Bialy fieremosz. In south
ern Clallcia, southwest of Kuty. suc
ceeded In forcing back a small Russian
force toward the northeast.
ALLIES' DRIVE ON SOMME DOOMED
TO FAILURE, SAYS SWISS EXPERT
BERNE, Aug. 6.
COLONEL MUELLER, one of the foremost military experts of Switzer
land, predicts that the great offensive of the Allies will end in failure.
The colonel has been at the German fronts in the east and west since the be
ginning of the war as a correspondent of the Bund and knows actual con
ditions perhaps better than any other neutral. In a long review of the
battles in the Picardy and on the western front, he says:
"The next two or three months will be the most bloody period of the war,
because the Allies now believe themselves strong enough to crush Germany
and are willing to make enormous sacrifices to gain their end. Their of
fensive on all fronts Is the greatest effort they have yet made, but the
results so far do not justify their optimistic claims and hopes.
"I have witnessed the beginning of the 'big push' on both sides of the
Somme, and, asthe battle at this writing is a month old, I am able to draw
certain conclusions. My personal observation has convinced me that the
British and French do not possess the strength to break the German line,
although they may badly dent it and have already done so. The Allies will
not be able to compel ,n general retreat of the German forces, unless they
break through completely on a front at least 25 miles. To accomplish this
they would have to sacrifice at least five times the number of men they are
willing to lose. To drive the Germans back to their next prepared line of
defense would cost the Allies at least 750,000 men and then the battle would
only start anew. From what I have seen, I venture to predict that the 'great
offensive will gradually collapse, because it is too costly to be kept up in
definitely. "In the cast the situation is more serious for the Germans. The powerful
Russian offensive has taken them unawares and their losses in men and
material are greater than they ever expected. It cannot be denied the
Russians have Won successes of which even the best Imfnrmp.l tnllitnrv nli.
servers did not believe them capable after their disastrous defeats during
the first 18 months of the war. But in spite of their tremendous efforts the
Russian generals have nowhere been able to gain a decisive victory. The
Teutonic armies are hard pressed along the whole front from the Gulf of
Riga to the border of Rumania, but their positions would onlv become serious
if the Russians should succeed in driving back the forces' of Hindenburg
and Prince Leopold. As long as the northern German lines hold there is no
"The Allies evidently base their hope of success on their defective calcu
lations of the strength of the German reserves. They have claimed time and
again that all German troops are in the field and do not believe that Germany
still has several millions of soldiers in the interior of the empire. As the
battle progresses they will learn that they have overestimated their own
strength and underestimated that of their enemies."
NOT BE LIFTED,
British Reply Will Be in the
Negative, U. S.
TWO MORE BABES DIE!
TRADE WAR UNDER WAY
DEADLOCK IN SENATE
ON LBP0RTANT BILLS;
President Will Have Army, Navy
and Child Labor Measures
Pushed Through Despite
U. S. WILL TAKE HAND
IN RAILROAD TROUBLE;
WILSON GRANTS POWER
CONFEREES GAIN NOTHING
VIEX.VA REPORTS WEAKENING
OF GEN. IHtrssiLOFF'S PRESSURE
ON VOLHVXIA-flALICU FRONT
BERLIN". Aug 5 The pressure of Gen
eral BrussilofTs drie Into Callcla is weaken
ing. The Austro-IIungarian War Office. In
an official statement received hero todav
from Vienna, attributes the quietness o'f
the Russians to the losses they have suf
fered. The following Is the official report
Hostile detachments entered, near
Veleanlvo. a small section of our
irencnes. nut were completely ejected.
The armies of Oeneral von Bothmer and
General von Boehm-Ermolll repulsed
Russian attacks southwest of Prodv
Russian advances along the Kovel
Sarny railroad and on the lower Stok
hod were checked. Otherwise, the enemy
Is considerably more quiet, which can
be ascribed to his losses, which have
been surprisingly large In every enter
prise he has undertaken.
BERLIN. Aug. 5 The War Office Issued
today the following statement on the situa
tion at the eastern front:
Attempts by the Russians to cross
the Dvlna Rlcr near Sventen were
frustrated by the forces of Field Mar
shal von Hlndenburg. The number of
prisoners captured near Rudkamiry
inskala has been increased to 561.
On the Sereth northwest of Zalosze
enemy attacks were repulsed. Russian
detachments which penetrated across
the Sereth near Ratyseze were forced
to retreat Near Mledzygory-Czys-topady
the enemy Is still making a
stand on the southern bank.
Archduke Karl's army during suc
cessful operations In the Carpathians
captured 325 Russians and two ma
WASHINGTON. Aug. .. Congress closed
another week today with virtually nothing
gained In th efforts to break the deadlock
between the Senate and House over the
biggest measures on the session's legisla
tive program. Senators began to fret at
the prospect of being kept In Washington
during the campaign
After a week's mediation the naval bill
conferee" had succeeded In agreeing only
on minor points of th measure. The sharp
differences over the building program and
personnel were unchanged. With the Pres
ident insisting on the Senate provisions and
the House seemingly determined not to re
cede. Senator Tillman, of South Carolina,
chairman of the Senate Naval Affairs
Committee, admitted another week might
elapse before the conferees could report.
Prospects of adjustment of the disagree
ment over the army appropriation bill, con
taining the appropriations for the big army
increaras, were slightly more promising.
The conferees went Into session today, how
ever, with both sides refusing to yield In
connection with the proposal to exempt re-
urea army officers from the provisions of
the articles of war.
Further fighting continued on the Senate
floor over the child labor bill, southern
Senators contending the measure is un
constitutional. Indications were that at
least another week would be required to
exhaust the debate on this measure.
The shipping bill and the emergency
revenue bill, w.th the proposed Senate
amendments, also threatens to cause a seri
ous split between the two houses.
Differences over conservation and the
Philippines bill are apparently Irreconcilable.
Mediation Committee Given Full
Jurisdiction in Efforts to Avert
Strike Will Intervene
SEE DELAY ; MAYBE PEACE
CLARK GOES TO SON'S BEDSIDE
WASHINGTON. Aug. 5. President WIL
son has given the United States Board of
Mediation and Conciliation full power in
the handling of the railroad strike situa
tion, according to Information received to
day from an authoritative source.
Judge W L. Chambers, head of the
board. Is committed to a program which
will bring the board into the controversy
at the laat moment If the representatives of
the railroads and of the men are unable to
Consequently, officials here feel assured
today that an actual suspension of work by
the men will be postponed for weeks. If it
comes at all Judge Chambers Is confident
that he can engineer a program which will
prevent the men Impulsively from quitting
The board has received reliable Informa
tion that the older heads in the railroad
mens organizations have counseled mod
eration. The young men have voted for a
strike almost to a man. according to this
Information, and they are understood to be
considerably In the majority.
The board has been told the young men
desire to show the railroad officials their
strength. Judge Chambers and some of the
older leaders among the men are of the
opinion that many of the young men will
be satisfied with a compromise after once
showing their power.
WASHINGTON, Aug. S. Great Britain
will decline to abandon her boycott of
American business firms and Individuals
In her reply to this country's request. Un
official Information reaching here from Lon
don today made that plain.
In her reply, which now Is being drafted,
Great Britain will defend her actions and
will Insist that the blacklist Is made up
only of firms that actually are controlled
by Germans and are operated for the ben
efit of the German Government.
All of the Information reaching the State
Department and the Department of Com
merce Indicates that the big trade war be
tween Great Britain and the L'nlted States
Is welt under way England is straining
every nerve to prevent American trade su
premacy. The American Government, co-operating
with American merchants. Is losing no time
In pushing this nation's trade channels to
the Uttermost ends of the earth. The Angers
of American export trade are scraping at
the crevasses and loopholes In the boasted
foreign trade monopoly of Great Britain
and. Secretary of Commerce Redfleld de
clares, have found a hold. Steadily this
hold Is tightening. American merchants
driving British merchants out of the very
markets which the Britons first opened up,
especially In South America.
Moro than ever before the Government
Is co-operating with big business for the
general welfare of the nation. There Is
to be little trust-bustlr.g In the next dec
ade; In fact, the Government Is fostering
deliberately export combination to heln
carry on the trade war. The Administration
now Is preparing legislation which will
prevent foreign countries from Imitating
American goods and declaring them to be
genuine. A Congressional Conference Com
mittee Is at work on amendments to the
federal reserve act. which will permit
American banks to establish branches In
foreign lands and have agencies abroad In
furtherance of the American cause In the
trade struggle. Certain banks already
have obtained permission from the Federal
Reserve Board to establish foreign branch
es, one New York bank, notably, having es
tablished branches In South America, and.
only tnis week, one In Petrograd.
Officials in charge of the Industrial pre
paredness campaign in this country have
been Informed that the big corporations
of the country will pay no big dividends
this year, nnd possibly not for several years
to come, because they are hoarding their
surplus earnings to build up a commercial
war chest to carry on the trade struggle.
UN ALTRO PIR0SCAF0
treat with the city.
"It haa been rumored. Sir Mayor, that
after the Frankford elevated is completed
the Transit Company may refuse to
entertain a proposition to operate this line.
What would happen then?"
We have no intention of parceling out
the different sections that we are going to
build. "We shall offer the transit company
a lease covering all the Improvement To
do otherwise would be foolish. If they
nter Into negotiations with the city it will
be for the whole plan of Improvements In
connection with their present system.
"If they should refuse to accept the propo
sition then we would go ahead with the
Chestnut street section. I think that Is
answer enough to the question. Vou can
rest assured there would be no waste I
am trying to do everything in ray power to
Improve the transit facilities for the people
of this city and their Interests will be safe
guarded In every particular.
"Aa I said before, there Is no doubt In my
mind that everything wtll work out satisfac
torily. Wo must go alowly In some things.
considering the present abnormal market
conditions and labor situation, but I feel
that we can reach a solution of all of these
Refused Rum, Stone Barroom
FJvs men. who became enraged because
a bartender refused to sell them liquor on
tb ground that they were already intoxi
cated, vented their anger by throwing stones
through the windows of Hotel Abbey, Wls
sablckon and Hunting Park avenues. The
bartander chased them with a revolver, and
two men. said to have been In the group,
were arrested by Policeman Mahoney
TUey were Joseph Toner. 20 years old, 22S
Mifflin street, and James White, 21 years
old. lilt Cottman street They were held
la S4S0 ball by Magistrate Price, n the
KIdeo and Mid vale avenues station, for a
farther hearing next Thursday
Striking- Insurance Men Accused
Attorney Frederick J Shoyer. represent
ing the Prudential Insurance Company of
America, stated that every striking agent
vha retains his collection book will be
arrceted. One ex-agent ho4 been arrested
tr Ttslng to turn in bis collation book.
Mr, Sharer- furtier stated that five of th
iqtf'iJ ntmmi for duty yesterday.
BAR0XESS VOX HDTTOX FIXED
Novelist of American Birth Punished
for Violating Regulation for
Aliens in London
Baroness Bettlna von Hutten. F-umn.,.,.
novelist who as the daughter of John
Riddle, of Erie. Pa., married the chamber
lain to the King of Bavaria, was fined 10
pounds (S0) and costs In London yester
day because she traveled more than five
miles from her home. Holbein House. Chel
sea, ot the village of Herts.
The Baroness had gone to pay a visit
to her children. In London, despite her
American birth, she Is listed as an alien
enemy because she married a German. She
was divorced in 1909.
The Baroness Is widely known as the
author of Pam, Pam Decides and other
novels She has been a frequent visitor In
Philadelphia, but since her divorce from
her husband it was by mutual consent
she has made her homo in England.
U. G. I. Official Hurries to Appendicitis
Sufferer on Border
Walton Clark, second vice president of
the United Gas Improvement Company, with
his daughter, left last night for El Paso
where one of hlB sons, Theobald, of Com
pany L. Second Regiment, was operated
on Thursday for appendicitis. Jlr. Clark
said last night before leaving the city that
he had received word earlier In the day
that his son was convalescent.
Inasmuch as Mr. Clark has three sens
with the Guard on the border, his arrival
promises something In the nature of a
family reunion. One of his -ions. Captain
Walton Clark, Jr.. Is commander of Com
pany L, of the Second, and a third, Beau
vats. Is a corporal In the same regiment
Sergeant Clark was stricken with ap.
pendlcltls Thursday. Surgeon Major Allen
performed the operation.
Workman Falls Dead on Street
Frank Qulgley. 3B jears old, of 1S4 South
Fourth street, Camden, felt dead on the
sidewalk In front of a house at 2128 Arch
street Qulgley was employed as an Iron
worker on a building In course of construc
tion on the southeast corner of Eighteenth
and Arch streets. He was pronounced dead
at the Medlco-Chlrurglcal Hospital Death
was due to heart disease.
REPORTERS X0T PERMITTED
TO SEE ACCUSED GUARDSMAN
Massachusetts Soldier Said to Have
Maligned His Superiors
COLUMBUS. N. M., Aug. 5. The full
charges have not yet been drafted In the
case of Hugh Clarke, of the Second Massa
chusetts Infantry, accused of maligning
his superior officers, according to Captain
I. J Van Schalck. chief of the army In
telligence bureau, today.
Clarke Is held for having sent an article
to a Holyoke, Mass., newspaper1 In which he
accused his company officers of neglecting
the men. The military authorities have
refused permission to correspondents to
visit Clarke In the stockade to get his ver
sion of the affair.
FRENCH CRUSH FOE'S
ATTACKS AT VERDUN
Centlnord from Tare One
works of the Teutons over a front 2000
Several hundred prisoners were captured.
The victorious blow north of Pozieres
gives the British further control of the
Albert-Bapaume highway and tightens their
hold on the high ridge across which the
highway passes, and also enables them to
straighten out their line at the northern
end of the salient driven Into the German
front by the big push of the Allies.
Pozieres lies about six and three-quarter
miles from Bapaume. the Immediate ob
jective of the British drive on the Somme
front, and by pushing forward north of
the village and down the second-line de
fensive system of the Germans over a wide
front they have pressed considerably
nearer to their objective.
II Governo Americano Domanda
i Particolari della Tragedia
del Letimbro Possibilita'
di Nuove Proteste
n il.-.J fMit TttA On 6
the disease were Wn-
coming Into Camden must be fumigate"
least once dally. , , innf)
A strict quarantine. Inforced by 10 00
Philadelphia health officers and InsPMW
will be established by Tuesday morning
against children under 16 com-
of the Department of -.---" """
2S Inspectors, away on vacations to re
port for work Monday. They will be given
their Instructions on the nuftr"nl'"en,0nt
established Tuesday. There -villi he: a total
of 61 Inspectors under Doctor Cairns sent
out on the quarantine work.
More than 1000 Inspectors and Rua'd
will be mobilized by Tuesday morning when
the enforcement of the quarantine will be
come rigid. This corps win m"""
health officers, B0 water Inspectors, 61 dis
pensary workers and a number from the
County Medical Society and State Healtn
Certificates of health will be necessary for
those who want to go back and forth from
Pennsylvania. The quarantine, according
to State Health Commissioner Dixon, will
be "as flexible as possible with safety.' Spe
i ti.ith r.riiticitci will be required of
those who have been exposed to the malady
or who have suffered nnd been cured.
Ada Sadett, three and a half years old,
6632 Klngsesslng avenue, was taken to the
Philadelphia Hospital for Contagious DIs
eases, suffering from the disease, today.
A quarantine has been established nt 2041
Newcomb street. Nlcetown, whero 16 per
sons live In four rooms. Blanche Branlch,
2 years old, has been strlclcen with the
disease there. She is believed to have been
Infected In Hunting Park, to which several
other cases have been traced.
Recommendations that candy made In
New York and brought Into Pennsylvania
be Investigated to determine whether or .;ot
It carried germs of Infantile paralysis are
to be made to the Bureau of Health by
Dr. Ellwood Klrby, 1202 Spruce street, medi
cal director of St. Mary's Hospital and phy
sician in chief of the Masonic Home in
Doctor Klrby believes that the Investi
gation should be made Immediately. He
believes that the spread of the Infant
plague may result from the wide sale of
cheap New York-made candy, and that
tests of It should be made soon and often
to determine the presence of poliomyelitis
germs. At any rate, he believes children
should bo warned against eating such
candy, 60 per cent of which Is manufactured
In the metropolis, where the epidemic Is
Doctor Klrby thinks the germs may also
be carried In Ice cream, especially Ice cream
dispensed at the cheap street stands. In
fact, every edible thing sold nt a street
stand where it may gather small particles
of dust. Doctor Klrby believes, Is dangerous
to children and even to adults.
HOPE FOR FUTUi
SAYS moose cni
Raymond Robins Urges' a?
Progressives to Slippy
G. 0. P. Nominee .)
Third Party, Hopelessly
Abandoned by Mass of j
LA RUMANIA NEUTRALE?
ALLIED ATTACKS REPULSED
OX SOMME FROXT, BERLIX
WAR OFFICE REPORT SAYS
BERLIN. Aug. 6.
Both the British and French renewed
their drive on the Somme front last night
The British attacked at Ovlllers. Bouth
of Thlepval. and the French auaH m.
German positions In front of Maurepas. but
all were repulsed. It was announced In the
official report of the German War Office
PENSION' FOR MRS. BUTLER
Senate Makes Promotion of Slain Of
ficer Effective July 1
WASHINGTON. Aug. 6. The Senate
today by special act gave the rank or
lieutenant colonel to Matthew C. Butler
killed at Alpine. Texas, by Henry J. Span
nell In the double tragedy that also took
Mrs. Spannell's life. The promotion from
major was declared effective as of July I
This means Butler's widow will get tht
larger pension that accompanies the hlghei
Butler's nomination had been confirmed
by the Senate before his death, but was to
have been effective at a later date.
U. S. SEEKS DEFINITE
REPLY FROM MEXICO
Unwilling That Joint Board Be
Limited in Discussion
. of Issues
WASHINGTON. Aug. 6. Request that
the Mexico defacto government reply di
rectly to the suggestions in the last Ameri
can note win be sent to Mexico City at
Officials here regard the note received
yesterday as little more than an announce
ment of the selection of the Mexican Com
mission, Although the communication received
yesterday stated that the three Mexican
commissioners had been Instructed to dis
cuss preferably" the Issues outlined in
the former Mexican communication the
(withdrawal of American troops and fixing
responsibility for past border raids offi
cials here regard that as inconclusive.
Flagman Killed by Pt R. R, Train
Alexander Mutn. 41 years old, of Thirty
second street and Atlantic avenue Cam
den, a flagman, was struck and Instantly
aiued last nignr ny a Pennsylvania Rail'
SALE OF DANISH INDIES
Copenhagen Paper Assails Deal
With U. S. Another De
clares It Wise
COPENHAGEN', Aug. 6. The sale of the
three Islands In the Danish West Indies to
the United States for 125.000,0(30 Is bitterly
denounced by the National Tidende, a lead
ing Danish paper, which says:
The Government acted In a manner that
even Its worst antagonists did not believe
It capable of. Nobody but the Danish Gov
ernment -would have risked taking such a
The Folltlken says:
"Denmark several times tried to uUllze
the Islands, but In Tain. Now, during the
war. it may be difficult for Denmark to de
fend her far-off Islands from encroachment
The Islands may become a danger to Danish
Get City Appointment
Director Twining; of the Department of
-.. . -, - -uwjniuua u- i .iTaasii. nas appointed David A. Woelpper. I saUon Board. The new office or.l.
ROMA. 5 Agosto.
OggI 11 governo Itallano ha annunclato
ufflclalmente che Ie relailonl commercial!
dell'Italla con la Germanla sono troncate
e che II governo Itallano assume la gestlone
dl tutte le Imprese tedesche In Italia. Ecco
II testo del comunlcato ufflclale:
II trattato di Commerclo tra l'ltalla e
la Germanla e' stato denunclato. Le rela-
zlonl commerciall con la Germanla sono
perclo" proibite. II governo e' stato auto
rlzzatn ad assumere 11 controllo dl tutte
le imprese commerciall ed industrial! aventl
II decreto prlblsce a tuttl I clttadlnl Ital
lanl. anche a quelll residentl all'estero. dl
mantenere relazlonl dl afTarl col nemico od
I suol alleatl (Ieggi Germanla). 11 decreto
e" Infattl dlretto speclalmente a colplre 11
commerclo Italo-tedesco e dlchlara nulll I
contrattl fattl In vlolazlone del decreto e
commlna pene al contraentl.
Mentre aumenta 1'lndlgnazlone contro gll
austro-tedeschl per I'affondamento dl un
altro plroscafo Itallano nel Medlterraneo. 11
Cltta' dl Messina, ha prodotto buona 1m-
pressione u ratto che 11 governo amerlcano
ha dato Istruzlonl all'ambasclatore Page dl
ottenere dal governo Itallano I particolari
dell affondamento del plroscafo Letimbro.
mandato a plcco da un sottomarino tedesco
od austrlaco. sut quale una clnquantlna dl
persone. In gran parte donne e bambini, tro
varono la morte. Si sa che uguall Istruzlonl
sono state mandate dal governo amerlcano
ui consou ai uiverse cltta' del Medlterraneo,
anche perche' 11 dlsastro del Letimbro non
e ancora stato comunlcato ufflclalmente al
Dlpartlmento dl Stato se non In un dls
pacclo del console generate a Londra.
(Un telegramma da Washington con
ferma la notlzla che vlene da Roma e dice
che II governo amerlcano non aglra', cioe
non protestera presso le potenze central!,
prima dl aver rlcevuto InformazlonI det
tagllate. Se a bordo del Letimbro non si
trovavano clttadlnl amerlcanl e se II
comandante del sottomarino ha dato II
preavvlso al comandante del plroscafo, non
Be ne fara' nulla, altrlmentl un nuovo In
cldente sorgera' tra gll Statl Unltl e le
potenze central!. )
II Cltta" di Messina spostava 5150 ton-
..J.?1 ea s,a, co'trulto In Inghllterra
nel 1834. Non si sa se a bordo vl erano
passeggerl. N'ello stesso tempo un plroscafo
giapponese, II Kohlna Maru, fu affondato
m, ui ouiiuuiarmo leuiomco.
N'otlzle da Constantlnopoll dlcono che un
sottomarino nemico provenlen te dal Mar
dl Marmara ha bombardato net glornl scorsl
la capitals della Turchia ed I suol sobborghL
KRL'SEN GIVES WARNING.
Dr. Wllmer Krusen. Director of the De
partment of Health and Charities, Issued
a bulletin today In which he described the
disease. Its symptoms and the carriers of
its germs. The bulletin calls special atten
tion to the danger of street dust In food and
the danger of files.
The disease is caused by a poisonous sub
stance called a virus, the bulletin states,
which Is capable of passing through the
finest filter and when Inoculated Into a
monkey causes symptoms similar to those
ot infantile paralysis In children.
This virus, it Is explained, has been de
tected In thn KprrMtnn nt th nn, ihmnt
and Intestines of persons affected. Coughing.
sneezing. Kissing and spitting may distribute
the germs to others, ns may also the In
gestion of foods contaminated by Infected
persons. A most Important disseminator
of the disease Is the "carrier." who harbors
the Infectious agent In his secretions but
Is not himself affected or made sick by Its
"The average case." says the bulletin.
"begins with fever, pain In the head, back
and limbs, stiffness of the extremities nnd
In Infants symptoms resembling summer
complaint may be evident. Within 21 or "2
hours signs of paralysis begin to appear,
usually In the lower but often In the upper
extremities. Pain nnd tenderness exist
along the nerves and In the muscles on
pressure. After the acuto symptoms sub
side the stiffness of tho limbs gives way
to weakness and flnccidlty which are soon
followed by wasting of the muscles. The
resulting paralysis, however, may be much
Improved by constant and proper medical
ireauneiu ana in some instances cured."
Director Krusen still says there Is no
epidemic of the disease In Philadelphia. In
his bulletin he points out that In 1D07. when
there was a similar epidemic In New York
this city escaped, and "it is hoped that
this city may be spared again."
Guards and Inspectors were nlacrt
trains and In passenger stations today to
keep out of Pennsylvania all children un
der 16 years old coming from New Tork
or New Jersey. Dr. Samuel G. Dixon
State Commissioner of Health, has ordered
this rigid quarantine to prevent an Infan
tile paralysis epidemic In the State He
decided to establish the quarantine after
reports of 13 new cases and two deaths
from the disease were received Thursday
and six new cases and one death were re
DIES OF APOPLEXY
Clinton Dewitt Smith, of Cornell
University, Stricken While
BUFFALO. N. T., Aug, 5. Stricken with
apoplexy while walking in the street. Clinton
Dewitt Smith, 6!, Cornell University expert
In agriculture, died here today.
Professor Smith was one of the leading
authorities on agricultural subjects In the
United States. He originated the special
courses and designed the model dairy build
ings of the universities of Michigan and
Promotion Indicated for Yare Man
It was reported today that the Vare-Mar-tin
combination would score another pa
tronage gain In the promotion of William J
Koney from the chief deputyshlp of the
State Insurance Department to the mana
gership of the State Insurance Fund. .
of the branches of Use Workmen's Compen-
'" new otnee, created by
DIES IN COURTHOUSE;
FACED MURDER CHARGE
Dr. W. A, Parker, in Sussex
County Jail, Succumbs
GEORGETOWN. Del, Aug. 6.Follow
Ing an operation for appendicitis. Dr. W.
A. Parker, who was confined In the Sussex
County Jail awaiting trial for the murder
of Ebe T. Lynch. Postmaster at Lew..rti
at midnight in the Grand Jury room of the
Court House, where he had been taken
under guard for the operation. HU -wife
r" Elf" Th8 Coroner's JurTtoday
brought In a verdict that death cam E
peritonitis, caused by aptdtST
The body was taken to Philadelphia this
afternoon, where it will be burled.
Steps In Front of Trolley Car
Henry Lewis, 40 yeara old, (- Uoland
street, after alighting from a trolie vS!?7
FUty-ftftn street and Etawod venulast
night, walked around the car and ,t!Bi
directly la front of another TrolieT 42
was knocked down and sustained cuts and
KtaL H' W" "'- &t "- WversU?
IN N. Y. CAR STRIKE
Continued from Tare One
and even little girls poured out of close
built, many.torled tenements and swarmed
to the streets and tracks,
CROWDS BLOCK CAR TRACKS.
These crowds carried chairs, stools,
bucked and all kinds of portable furniture.
At times It was necessary for cars to stop
30 minutes before doIIm .... -...!:
push and shove a passageway through the
crowd, which remained orderly and quiet In
most instances. ' "
Occasionally, however, a car loaded with
passengers would slow down literal y
aplnst the crowds and suddenly a bucket
of slops or over-rlpe fruit would hurtle
from a window into the car. It was lm
possible to distinguish bona fide passengers
from slrlU-B vmn.iki. j, """-"a
clearing the cars, strikebreaking motormen
and conductors were shoved to the street
and temporarily swallowed up In the Jam
As far as police could determine no strik
ers were present. To all appearances the
crowds are composed whollof "symp'atSy
wfttThTi?' ?Iml!ar ECenea w"a '""ted at
Fifty-third street and Broadway In h.
J"rt of 'he omoble and theatrical dls
rfS. B crowds gathered there on foot"
Impeding many a well-known stag" star
hurrying to rehearsal. At one time seiirli
hundred trucks and teams were blocked ?'
stniS'?"18, eomeraHoS.10 -vhlcK
stopped service for long periods.
dwsy.ssjg ssas ctT
were booted by the strike '.ypathUers! "
STRIKE RAPIDLY GROWivo
The strike spread to the s.nj
line, the Bloi .1 .sK. av-nu
pected by the management to rtm.i" ex
Wlth their walk-out th. tou W '0ya1'
2SS.r ,DCrel", t0 "" rlbd a.
Third Avenue, mo.
Second Avenue, J0Q
New York, were tSnSStSJ?1" '
most beyond human b.f duri?,?1-4
Ing rush hour. Usually c l5 m-n-to
suffocation between 7 uSSi n,ar,lr
In the morning. ubway ataJES ' "cto
asthe longtcar train? were M wu
to overflowing. W"B 0"' packed
CHICAGO, Aug. S. Declaring tbu ,J
primary and regular vote In 1914 an 1
showed that the Progressive voters htj 'l
llberately nnd In overwhelming ftttn.,J
abandoned their party, Raymond W
one-time Progressive-Democrat and & 7 1
man of the 1910 Progressive convention!'
a statement Issued today urges ill Ll
gresslves to support Charles Evans Jim
for the presidency.
The statement Is addressed "r0 nj fa.
low Progressive," nnd says the fj
nearly three-fourths of the ProgreMTM !
1912 refused to support the ProrreJ!
candidates In 1914 proves that thtym,!
tho Progressive candidates "as the rjrT
sentntlves of n protest, and not of a ),
Jtr. RoblnB assails the Democratic It
ministration In Illinois nnd declarei u,
the Progresslvn Democrats of llltnota art
heartsick minority." '
PARTY'S RISE AND FALL.
Mr. Robins reviews the rise and f.Jj
the' Progressive party briefly, aaylnr;
In our first campaign, whlla tii
actual vote was an extraordinary t.
tlmony to Colonel Roosevelt's pertocii
popularity, wo elected no single ,
gressive Governor, or Legislature
sufllclent members to be even a fcij.
anco of power In Congress. This, ho.
over, was no discouragement to thoN
Progressives who did not aeak oflct
and were ready to fight on through aw
number of defeats to gain a gemilM
victory. In 1914 we had a real t
of tho Progressive voters of Hi: uj
the willingness of the American poopli
to use a now party In the practical m.
lutlon of the problems of our political
mc. ueiiBruuy inrougnoui tne natios
tho Progressive candidates embradci
Its most gltfcd leaders and all gena.
ously supported by Colonel RoosweJ
and, as a rule, fairly treated by Ui
dally press ran n bad third. Neirlj
three-fourths of the Progressive vottn
of 1912 refused to support the Promt-
sivo canaiuaies in ian.
Under our system of government tii
voters are at last supreme. No tifil
of leadership nor merit of promo
can finally drlvo the American ptojii
Into a party against their will. In thi
1914 and 1916 primaries the Prorto
slve voters of 1912 deliberately iM
In overwhelming numbers abundoad
the Progressive party.
While I had hoped against hope tht
tne extraordinary events in this epociil
hour might over-rule the verdict ot
the voters. It was manifest that the
end which the voters had decreed hl
come that tho Progressive party wu
TWO BIG PARTIES.
Taking up next the duty of Projrrultul
in the crisis in which they find them-elial
he points out the merits of the two irul
political parties, as he views them, Mricil
The primary voter mass control t!
the Democratic party Is In 15 Southtn
nnd Southwestern States and In. tie
industrial cities of the nation. Tbi
fixed Southern control of the Demo
cratic party Is Individualistic In Its
thinking. - Bectional In its sympalhlu
and Inherits a tradition against com
mon labor as servile. The Democrat!
primary voter mass control In the
dustrlal cities la the most heterogene
ous of our national groups and tti
excessive pressure of living and India-
trial conditions renders It the mon
fertile field for boss control In the eerr-
Ico of selfish personal and corporate interests.
The primary voter mass control ct
tho Republican party Is In tho rural
communities of the central, wetiem
and New England States. This grow
represents the highest literacy l
America, Is freest from severe social
and economic pressure. Is In the ku
of the greatest natural tendency u
Industrial standardization and equalH
of opportunity, and Inherits the tradi
tion of Lincoln and the men who aaieo
The Republican party though ofte"
dominated bv the masters of special
privilege and made by them the la-'
strument of vast exploitation mi
rank and file of men and women wl
have proved their capacity to rejed
false or dishonest leadership. Con
ceived In moral revolt against humii
slavery, It was born, baptized and nur
tured In the supreme national BtruiTJ
to maintain the national heritage u&
fulfil the promise of equal opportunity
to every citizen. Is not its rank and
file best calculated to support a leader
ship that will create a national nuM
and conscience, and having presem
the Integrity of the nation against it
heresy of secession, -will It not deve!"
and maintain a progressive national
program of social and economic org"''
Mr. Robins then points out that wo"?
suffrage, Industrial and military prepr
ness and a consistent patriotic foreign p
licy are the great vital issues In the ca
palgn and concludes that on Its record'
past performance and present tendencies t
Republican party, under the leadership
Hughes, is best qualified to achieve th
national needs. He says In conclusion;
ComnrehAnrilns mi nnHnnftT nsceaif
ties, how can a Progressive beaU"4!
long to choose between the pa-iy '
nationalism and the party of section-
allsm? fthnulrt nit ttflaa unit filnCtifl '
Progressives go en masse Into the PH
publican primaries and, ngntlnf il
shoulder to shoulder , with progress! II
uepubllcans, help and be helped in 5
Common alnivvl. fnv aMi1 and IndUi-'l
trial Justice in city, State and patlool'll
11 nis is generally done ine oHa""--bonda
of our fellowship for the last four '
years will not be broken, but rather 1
augmented, and we can continue -
WOrk Ini.lhnr nn1 hrlnr hurlf a (&". '
tened Republican party to Its andl
faith' In human rights and national '" Jl
tegrlty, which made Its triumph undMl
Lincoln's leadership the uprem.j
achievement of the democratic spirit w
the hlstorv of munlrlnri. !
Mr. Robins stresses the point that la I
critical aay and the period to iouoh j-j.
-uiviMiiawir ine country a iniww "f
be best guarded under a Republican "3
TOO IATK 1TOB CIABSIFICATlOiL
ITU-r aa . aiHim iA W
MACHINE ahop bud'C or i'l f oreiaaB . T
P-- Ulreii o'n In city Q $U - h
HITiriYinVu rcftvvv-n vrMALfi
Sfr-vfij...1. .. ,. 1. af Aafil
isasss i".u&" sLi-ffivasa
W4 refrcpe. U Tai. Leaver Ofllce.