Newspaper Page Text
EVENING LEDaERr-PHILU3ELl?HIA FRIDAY, , JITNEJ 16, 1916-
"Everybody" sit Convention
Was for Wilson "in
UNDERCURRENT OF ANGER
By SAMUEL G. BLYTHE
ft7opyrtM, lll. by fie Central "re
ST. LOUIS, June If.-The on place
where the .unexpected wo have been told
always) happens doe not .happen In a na
tional political convention which lias as
sembled to renominate for President nit oc
cupant of the White House.
There hae been several of those since
1888, mostly Republican, although the Dem
ocratic Convention of 1802 performed In
the expected manner and three expected
outcomes huvo not been delayed or de
terred by tha elTortB of discontented par
tisans to clianRo tho ordained current of
affairs. However, with the exception of the
McKlnley convention In Philadelphia In
If 00, and even there thero was a lively fight
over the vloe presidency, and the lloosovett
convention In 1904 there, lias not been n
convention In many yearn that was so
accurately on schedule and performed so
perfectly In accord with tho plans made
(or It as this Democratic Convention.
The reason Is, of cotlrse, that the man
tn the White House tins so much power, and
dominates so thoroughly that his plans are
perforce the plans of tho convention, and
hla suggestions the convention's law. The
delegates, no matter what their prlvnte
opinions and preferences may be, tire too
partisan to let any dlspls" of lit temper
or soreness come out In the open to en
dancer the ticket they know they must
name, and even If the rank and tile nro
unruly the bosses always bocket their griev
ances and hold things steady In Jhe exact
manner desired by the prospective nominee.
That makes tho convention uninteresting
from a seeing viewpoint, but makes them
effective from a party nnglo. There Is nn
doubt that If the roof could be taken off
acme of the men who have had most to do
toward making this Democratic National
Convention all harmonious there would be
disclosed a considerable , amount of
antipathy for President Wilson, and not a
little real anger, but that never comes out
except in private and heart-to-heart discussion-
In the open, everybody was- for
Wilson. Thero was no recourso, for any at
tempt to do anything or start nnythlng that
was against the wishes of the President
would have met with the Instant rebuke
from the majority of those present at this
time, and with a popular admonition later.
Nobody dared begin an assault, olther on
the President personally, or on any of his
Notwithstanding this, ns has been the cus
tom In tho past, here President Wilson kept
a firm hand on the convention. Ho had
three of his Cabinet members. Baker, Dan
iels and Houston, present ntd in constant
conferences, besides many unofficial friends
and supporters. There .wasn't a minute
when the White House was not In Instant
touch with the Jefferson Hotel and the con
vention hall. He selected tho temporary
chairman and the permanent chairman, and
he knew what was In their speeches and
what, the order of the convention was to be.
It was at Washington suggestion that the
nominations were made 'last night Instead
of today, and the principal portions of the
platfifinJwere known, down to the last
M'COIIMICK'S POLITICAL JOB
OUSTS HIM AS BANK DIRECTOR
a.-. - n.fai
Lnw Forces Democratic Chnlrmah to
Quit Philadelphia, Reserve
WASHINGTON, June is. .Vance McCor
mlck, chosen by President Wilson to becomo
chairman of the Democratic National Com
mittee, must resign his position as a director
of the Federal Iteserve Bank of Philadel
phia, now that he has agreed to accept ap
pointment to the political Job. This Was
announced at the Federal Iteserve Hoard
here today. ,
Under a regulation of the board, no mem
ber may be a director of a Federal lie
serve Lank If he holds political oince. Hy
the terms of the regulation this ban was
expressly Intended to cover political committeemen.
C. E. CHAMBERS HEADS
MASTER CAR BUILDERS
Central Rnilrond Motive Power
Chief Succeeds J. II. MacBnln
POLICY OF PRESIDENT WILSON WINS
APPLAUSE IN DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM
ATLANTIC CITY, June 1. Tho master
car-builders section of tho Railway Con
gress, at Its closing session hero today,
elected C. n. Chambers, superintendent of
motive power of tho Central Railroad of
New Jersey, president, to succeed J. II.
Macttaln, of the Union Pacific. T W. Dera
crest, of the Pennsylvania; James Cole
man, of the Canadian Clrnnd Trunk, and
O. W. Whlldln, of the New York, New
Haven nhd Hartfoid, were made vice presi
J. H. Lenta, master car builder of tho
Lehigh Valley Railroad for more than BO
years, was re-elected treasurer by unani
mous vote. Samuel Lynn, of tho Pitts
burgh nnd Lake Urloj J C Frltts, of tho
Lackawanna, nnd C. B. Young, of tho
Chicago, Burlington nnd Quinoy, wcro
elected executive committeemen,
J. T. Wnllls, of the Pennsylvania Rail
road, n member of a special committee In
vestigating the subject of car-frame weld
ing, today submitted the first minority re
port of the convention, It caused the
holding up of the majority report nnd ref
erence of tho whole subject to the Execu
tle Committee. Mr. Wallls Insisted the
practice of welding Involved peril for tho
traveling public. '
. F. MORRISON DEAD;
CIVIL WAR VETERAN
Continued from I'nre One
publican and the Jnmes F. Morrison Club
bears his name. His education was recelv.
cd In the publlc'schools and he was grad
uated from the Central High School with
high honors He was not of age when the
Civil War began, but In June, 1801, was
mustered In ns a private in an organiza
tion which afterward became Company K,
2d Pennsylvania Regiment of Reserves. He
emerged from tho war with the rank of
Captain Morrison's military career was
nn honorable one. He Berved In the
Peninsular campaign, and the battles of
Mechanlcsvlllo, Gaines Mills, White Oalc
Swamp and lavage Station. Ho was
wounded and captured during the battle
of Fredericksburg and was Imprisoned at
Richmond nnd Llbby. He waB mustered
out Witt) his regiment tn June, 1864.
After the war Captain Morrison became
a member of George O Meade Post No. 1,
and was one of its most actho members.
His Grand Army activities earned for him
the ofllce of commsjider of the Department
of Pennsylvania, to which he was elected
by ncclamatlon at Wllkes-Barro In June,
1899. Ho was prominent In all matters
concerning the affairs of Civil War vet
erans, and was named on various commis
sions In charge of memorials andt other
Ho was nppolnted cleric In the Tax Office
In April. 1800, havlng'-prevlously been a
word, to the President before they wera member of the music publishing nrm or L,ee
embodied In the renort of the Committee on & Walker, FUo years later. In April, 1895,
WILSON AT THE JIELM.
ThelPresIdent, as was his right, selected
his campaign managers, and told the Nn'
tlonal Committee who they would be. Ho
waa cognizant of every movement made,
and squelched the vice presidential aspi
rations of several ambitious, but not avail
Thla waa President Wilson's convention,
and he saw to It that it was the exact
kind of a convention he desired. About
every contingency was forecast and pro
vided for, even the Bryan episode. It waa
e?.pected there would be some sort of a
Bryan demonstration, and while there was
no way of telling what form that demon-i
stratlon would take. It was decided that
the only thing to do was to let nature
take Its course with that, arid hope that
the results would not be hurtful.
So far as the actual results are con
cerned this assemblage was Woodrow Wil
son In convention assembled, and for tho
purpose of re-nominating Woodrow Wilson
for President, adopting Woodrow Wilson's
platform, appointing Woodrow Wilson's
camnMgn managers, and In general being
entirely and emphatically Woodrow WII
sonlsh. The President wasnt namby-pamby nor
mockingly modest .nor disingenuous nbout
It. He took hold In a square and open
fashion ,pd saw Jo It that he. a tho per
son most Interested, got what he deemed
most wise and politic He must run upon
platform and he must administer affairs If
be I re-elected. Hence, the preliminaries
were copducted as he wished them to be.
Nothing, unexpected happened. Everything,
Including Bryan, was provided for, dls-
couniea. jpaeed, as an example of scien
tlflo and efficient convention management,
this one was a success. It was stickily
harmonious, reasonably enthusiastic, en
tlrely amenable and obeyed orders unhesl
tatlngly. Aa a convention director Mr.
WlUon Is most expert and efficient.
he became chief clerk, a 83000 position, and
held1 that office continuously through suc
Captain Morrison was noted for his In
tlmato knowledge-of the minute details of
the Tax Office, which won for him the
confidence and esteem of the many oc
cupants of the receivership during his long
In his early days Captain Morrison was
a volunteer fireman, and was a member
of the Southwark Hose Company. He also
was president of the old Southwark Liter
ary Society. His fraternal affiliations In
cluded membership in Integrity Lodge, F.
and A. M., which organization will par
ticipate In the funeral services.
ST, LOUIS, June !. Following Is the
national platform of the Democratic party,
as reported to the convention today:
Tho Democrat lo parly, In national con
vention assembled, adopta the following
declaration, to the end that the people of
the United Slates may both realize the
achievements wrought by four years of
Democratic administration and be apprised
of the policies to which tho party Is com
mitted for the further conduct of national
IttiCOIU) OF ACHIEVEMENTS.
We Indorse the Administration of Wood
row Wilson. It speaks for Itself. It Is the
best exposition of sound Democratla polity
at homo nnd abroad.
Wo challenge comparison of our record,
our pledges and our reconstructive legisla
tion with thoso of nny pirty of any time.
We found our country hampered by spe
cial privilege, a lcloui tariff, obsolete
banking laws and nn Inelastic currency
Our foreign affairs Wore dominated by com
mercial Interests for their selfish onds. The
Republican pnrty, despite repeated pledges,
was Impotent lo correct abuses which It had
fostered. Under our administration, under
a leadership which hns never faltered, these
nbuses hnvo been corrected, and our pcoplo
have hern freed 'therefrom
Our an hale banking and currency sys
tem', proline of panic nnd disaster under Re
publican administration long tho refuge
of the money trust hns been supplanted
by the Federal reserve art, a truo democ
racy of credit under Government control,
already proved a financial bulwark In a
world crisis, mobilizing our resources, plac
ing abundant credit at the disposal of legiti
mate Industry, and making a currency
We have created a Federal Traao com
mission to nccommodato tho perplexing
questions arising under tho anti-trust laws
so that monopoly may bo strangled nt Its
birth nnd legitimate Industry encournged.
Fnlr competition in business is now as
sured. We have effected an odjustment of tho
tariff, adequate for revenue under pence
conditions, and fair to tho consumer and
to tho producer. We have adjusted the
burdens of taxation so that Bwollen Incomes
bear their cqultablo share. Our reenucs
have been sufllclcnt In times of world stress
and will largely exceed tho expenditures of
tho current fiscal year.
Wo have lifted human labor from the
category of commodities nnd have secured
to the worklngman the right of voluntary
association for his protection nnd welfare
Wo havo protected the rights of the laborer
against the unwarranted Issuance of writs
of Injunction and have guaranteed to him
the right of trial by Jury In cases of
alleged contempt committed outsldo of tho
presence of the court. .
We hnve advanced the parcels post to
genuine efficiency, enlarged tho postals sav
ings systems, added 10,000 rurnl delivery
routes and extensions, thus reaching 2,500,
000 additional people. Improved the postal
service In every branch, and for the first
time In our history placed tho postofllco
system on a self-supporting bnsls with ac
tual surplus In 1913, 1914 and 1016.
UNION LEAGUE TO AID
Brilliant Signs at Clubhouse
Will Preach "Hughes and
DEMOCRATS' REAL FIGHT
IN CONVENTION TODAY
Continued from Faze One
With "Washington and the weary counsel
era wera given tho benefit of White House
advice. Becretary Pf War Baker, personal
representative of tho President In St, Louis.
was superseded by the long- distance tele
phone and before the night was half spent
he had retired from the scene of the bat
tle. The first struggle came when the com
mittee, receiving a tentative platform draft
from the subcommittee, which worked all
JyysUrdar-J3egan consideration of Pres.
ldent Wilson's statements of foreign and
Mexican policy, Wlttt remarkable urta.
nfmlty tha committee decided that the
phraseology of the planks was too Involved.
Tbey proceeded to Inject "punch" into the
wiemvni. -ni was accomplished by chop.
Blng up the President's well-rounded sen
tences and making them "short and
snappy." By the time a satisfactory drat
was accepted there was not a single Una
of (be President's original draft which had
not been altered In soma degree. The
planks wera tentatively passed.
BATTLE OVER MEXICO
Hour afterward, when the domestic
planks wera under consideration. Commit
teeman Ferguson of Texas, started a
riotous battle when he presented an amend
ment to tha Mexican plank. Tho tentative
plank had decided for Intervention la
Mexico to protect American Uvea ahd prop,
srty only as a last resort Ferguson de
wtanaed that the "Ist resort" be stricken
iut and the representatives of tho border
Hts supports blw In a, flght that de-V-j4
Into a typical Dejaoeratte free-tor.
1L Ifr? two hours the ltd of batle ebbed
MA awt, Was waving pratary, partisan,
jraet sad Miter Invective tuakett tha
itlCT-rto" Wh tha votes were, counted
kykiHSMt bad been exhausted aad
1. isji talked t damp fraxsUs
&m ffsiapiswn antMtfttwst was d. " ;.. It
The Union League, taking the lead of
any organization In tha city, will support
Hughes and Fairbanks. Definite action in
regard to the Indorsement will be taken at
a. meeting called for Wednesday next.
"Hughes and Americanism" will be the
keynote of the League's support. To that
end a big electric sign has been put In place
on the front of the historic building.
"Hughes and Fairbanks" form the centre
of attraction In a big row of glaring electric
lights across, the top of the building, under
which Is the famous motto of the League,
"Love of Country Leads."
Beneath this Is a massive American flag
In electric bulbs, the seal of the United
States with the eagle and the Union Jack,
insignia of the British Kmplre. Above the
"Hughes and Fairbanks" sign Is a row of
stars, brilliant In different colors. The maze
of lights compels attention and will blazon
forth at night the principles of the League
to thousands of South Qroad street shoppers
SPEAKER ATTACKS HUGHES
AT DE3I0CRATS' SESSION
Senator Reed Lauds President's Record.
Routind of Convention
ST. LOUIS. June 16. It was 11:30 when
Senator James stepped to the front of the
platform and called the Democratla Nation
al Convention to order.
The opening invocation was offered by
Rabbi Leon Harrison, of St. Louis.
Senator Stone had not reached the hall
with the report of the Ilesolutlons Commit
tee, and a wait followed
Senator Reed, of Missouri, was Invited
to address the convention while It waited
for the Resolutions Committee's report,
"I desire to direct the attention of the
delegates and visitors to what I regard as
an Important lesson to be learned from th,ls
campaign," he began. "The Republican party
naa wruien inn laws 01 uie country (or 60
years. Powerful and almost arrogant, that
party went out of power nearly four years
ago. U has still In It men who are re
ponbl for what the party has done.
These met In' Chicago several days ago,
end they did not dare to name as their
candidate any man wbo had opened his
lips In defense of their psrty for more than
lx years. ,
"They went Into the catacombs and
brought a man who h4 sealed his lips and
paid no attention to the affairs of the R
publlcan party On the other hand, we have
named a man who for four years has di
rected th destiny of this nation. We
named a man who runs on his record They
ifc tt Kjfct .pfcafc remaieca to I xuum a sun to repudiate taelr own mo
The reforms which wero most obviously
needed to clear away special privilege, pre
vent unfulr discrimination and releasa (ho
energies of men of all ranks and advan
tages have been effected by recent legisla
tion. Wo must now remove, so far as pos
sible, every remaining element of unrest
and uncertainty from the path of the busi
ness men of America and secure for them
a continued period of quiet, assured and
We rcaulrm our belief In the doctrine
of a tariff for the purpose of providing
such revenue for opcrntlon of the Govern
ment economically administered and unre
servedly Indorse the Underwood tariff law
as truly exemplifying that doctrine. Wo
recognize that tariff rates arc necessarily
subject to change to meet changing condi
tions In tho world's production and trade.
The events of the last two years have
brought about many momentous changes.
In some respects their effects are yet con
jectural nnd wait to be disclosed, partic
ularly In regard to our foreign trade.
Two years of war, which has directly
Involved most of the chief Industrial na
tions of the world, and which has Indi
rectly affected the life and Industry of nil
nations, are bringing nbout economic
changes more varied and far-reaching than
the world has ever before experienced. In
order to ascertain Just what theso changes
mny be, the Democratic Congress Is pro
viding for a nonpartisan tariff commission
to make impartial and thorough study of
overy economic fact that may throw light
either upon our past or upon our iuture
fiscal policy with regard to the Imposition
of taxes on Imports, or with regard to
tho changed and changing conditions under
which our trade Is carried on.
The part that the United States will play
In the new day of International relation
ship, which is now upon us, will depend
upon our preparation and our character.
The Democratic party therefore recognizes
the assertion and triumphant demonstra
tion of the undlvldablllty and coherent
strength of the nation as the supreme issue
of this day In which tho whole world faces
the crisis of manifold change. It summons
all men, of whatever origin or creed, who
would count themselves Americans, to Join
In making clear to nil the world the unity
and consequent power ot America,
This Is nn issue of patriotism. To taint
it with partisanship would be to defile It.
In this day of test America must show It
self, not a nation of partisans, but a nation
of patriots. There Is gathered here In
America the best of the blood, the Industry
and the genius of the whole world, the ele
ments of a great race and a magnificent
society to be melted Into a mighty and
Whoever, actuated by the purpose to
promote the Interest of a foreign power,
In disregard of our owntcountry's welfare
or to Injure this Government In Its foreign
relations or cripple or destroy its Industries
at home, and whoever by arousing
prejudices of a racial, religious or other
nature creates discord and strife among
our people so as to obstruct the whole
process of unification. Is faithless to the
trust which the privileges of our citizenship
repose in him, nnd is disloyal to his
We therefore sondemn as subversive of
this nation's unity and Integrity and as de
structive of Its welfare the activities and
designs of every group or organization,
political or otherwise, that has for its ob
ject the advancement of the Interest of a
foreign Power, whether such object Is pro
moted by Intimidating the Government, a
political party pr representatives of the
people, or which Is calculated and tends
to divide our people Into antagonists
groups, and thus to destroy that complete
agreement and solidarity ot the people and
that unity of sentiment and national pur
pose so essential to the perpetuity of tha
nation and Its free Institutions.
We condemn all alliances and combina
tions of Individuals in this country of what
ever nationality or descent, who agree and
conspire together for the purpose of em
barrswlng or weakening our Government or
of Improperly Influencing or coercing our
publlo representatives in dealing or ne
gotiating with any foreign power. We
ciiurke umi utu vunipiracies among a lim
ited number exist and have been Instigated
for the purpose of advancing the Interests
of a foreign country to the oreludir. on.i
detriment of our country. We condemn
any political party which, In view of the
actlvttlty of such conspirators, surrenders
Its Integrity or modifies Its policy.
Along with the proof of our character
as a nation must go the proof of our
power to play the part that legitimately be
longs to us. The people of the United
States love peace. They respect the rights
and covet the friendship of all other na
tions. They desire neither B7 oddltlonat
territory nor any advantage which cannot
U peacefully gained by their skill, thei;
Industry er thelr entersrlso hut ih. ,
sUt upon having- absolute freedom of na
tional life and; poUey. and fl that they
VITAL POINTS IN THE PLATFORM
OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY
ACHIEVEMENT Woodrow Wilson's Administration the best exposi
tion of sound Democratic policy at home nnd abroad. ...
3nt1 nrtvllncra 1ini-ri,l nmotr ami unfair Hliiertmlnntlon prevented by
passage of Federal reserve banking act, creating; of Federal Trade Commit-
sion, adjustment of tariff providing adequate revenue unacr pence conumuuB
and fair to consumer and producer. ,
Human labor lifted from the category of commodities and worklngman
protected from unwarranted Issuance of writs of injunction.
TARIFF Underwood bill unreservedly indorsed as the expression of tho
doctrino of a tariff for the purpose of providing revenue for the economical
administration of the Government. '
Nonpartisan Tariff Commission favored. ...,.,
AMERICANISM Undlvldablllty and coherent strength of the nation
the supreme issue of tho tiny. Alliances of organizations or of Individuals
of whatever nationality or descent, for the purpose of weakening this country
In its dcnllngs with a foreign Power or coercing the Government condemned
as faithless to the trust of citizenship, ,
PREPAREDNESS The people of tho United States desire peace,
yot owe it to themselves and to tho spirit of independence to secure them
selves against tho hazard of interference from any quarter nnd be able to
protect their rights upon the sea; to which end tho fullest development of
scacoast defense nnd the maintenance of nn adequate reserve of citizens
trained to arms nre favored. ...... ..
An nrmy fully adequnte to the requirements of order, of safety, of tho
protection of tho nation's rights necessnry.
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Duty of United StatcB not only to
make Itself secure nt home but to mnke securo Its great interests throughout
the world; wherefore, it is this nation's duty to assist in bringing nbout
pence. Small States have right to choose their own sovereignty and to havo
thnt sovereignty respected by large nations.
MEXICO Until, by the restoration of law and order In Mexico, a repeti
tion of Incursions, the United States troops temporarily occupying a portion
of that country must rcmnin there. Intervention, implying as It docs military
subjugation, is revoking. Tho stubborn resistance of the President and his
ndvisers to every demand and suggestion to enter upon it is creditable.
SUFFRAGE Extension of franchise to tho women of this country by the
States upon the same terms as to men recommended.
owe It to themselves nnd to tho role of
spirited Independence which It Is their solo
ambition to play, thnt they Bhould render
themselves securo against tho hazard of
Interfcrenco from nny quarter, nnd should
be able to protect their rights upon the
sens or in nny part of tho world.
We, therefore, favor tho maintenance of
nn nrmy fully adequate to the require
ments of order, of safety, of the protection
of tho natlon'n rights; tho fullest develop
ment of modern methods of scacoaBt de
fense; and tho maintenance of nn adequate
reserve of citizens trained to arms and
prepared to safeguard tho pcoplo and
territory of the United States agalnit any
dnnger of hostile action which may un
expectedly arise; nnd n fixed policy for tho
constructive development of a navy
worthy to support tho great naval tra
ditions of this nntlon and fully equal to the
international tasks which the United
States hopes and expects to take a part
In performing. The plans and enactments
of tho present Congress afford substantial
proof of our purpose In this exigent manner.
The Democratic Administration has
throughout tho present war scrupulously
and successfully held to the old paths of
neutrality and to the peaceful pursuit of the
legitimate objects of our national life, which
statesmen of all parties and creeds have
prescribed for themselves In America since
tho beginning of our history. But the cir
cumstances of tho last two years havo
revealed necessities of international action
which no former generation can have fore
seen. We hold that It Is tho duty of tho
United States to uie its power not only to
mnke Itself secure at home, but alBo to mako
secure its Just Interests throughout tho
world and both for this end nnd In the In
terests of humanity to assist the world In
securing settled peace and Justice.
We believe that every people has tho
right to choose the sovereignty under which
it shall llvo; that the small States of the
world have a right to enjoy from other
nations the same respect for their
sovereignty and for their territorial Integ
rity that great and powerful nations expect
nnd Insist upon, nnd that tho world has a
right to bo free from every disturbance of
its peace that has its origin In aggression
or disregard of tho rights of peoples and
nations, and we believe that the tlmo has
come when it Is the duty of the United
States to Join with the other nations of
the world In nny feasible association that
will effectively serve those principles to
maintain Inviolate the complete security of
the highway of the seas for the common
nnd unhindered use of all nations.
The present Administration has consist
ently sought to act upon and reallzo In Its
conduct of the foreign affairs of the na
tion tho principle that should be tho ob
ject ot any association of tho nations
formed to secure the peaco of tho world
ond the maintenance of national and Indi
vidual rights. It has followed the highest
American traditions It has preferred re
hpect for the fundamental rights of smaller
.States, even to property Interests, nnd has
secured the friendship of the people of theso
States for the United States by refusing
to make a mere material Interest nn excuso
for the assertion of our superior power
against the dignity of their sovereign In
dependence. It has regarded the lives of its citizens
and the claims of humanity as of greater
moment than material rights and peace as
the best bails for the Just settlement of
commercial claims It has made the honor
and Ideals of the United States Its standard
alike In negotiation and action.
We recognize now, as we have already
recognized, a definite and common Interest
between the United States and the other
peoples and republics of the Western Hem
isphere In all matters of national Independ
ence and free political developments. We
favor the establishment and maintenance
of the closest relations of amity and mu
tual helpfulness between the United States
and the other republics of the American
continents for the support of peace and
the promotion of a common prosperity.
To that end we favor all measures which
may be necessary to facilitate Intimate
Intercourse and promote commerce between
the United States and her neighbors to the
south of us, and such International under
standings as may be practicable and suit
able to accomplish these ends. We com
mand the action of the Democratic Admin
istration In holding the pan-American Jinan
clal conference at Washington In May,
1915, and organizing the International high
commission which represented the United
States in the recent meeting of the Latin
American republics at Buenos Aires, April,
1916, which have so greatly promoted the
friendly relations between the people of
the Western Hemisphere.
and suggestion to enter upon It Is creditable
alike to them and to tne people In whose
namo he speaks.
The Monroe Doctrine Is reasserted aa
a principle of Democratic faith. That doc
trine guarantees the Independent republics
of the two Americas against aggression
from another continent, It Implies, as
well, the most scrupulous regard upon our
part tor the sovereignty of each of them.
We court their good will. w seek not
to despoil them.
The want of a stable, resnonslbla rinv.rn.
mem in aiexico, cspDjs or, repressing and
punishing marauders and bandit bands
Who have not only taken ths Jves and
seized and deitroved the property of Ameri
can citizens la that country but have in
solently Invaded pur soil, made war upon
and murdered our people thereon, have
rendered Jt necessary temporarily to occupy,
by our armed fc-rcea, a, pprtlon of the ter
ritory of that friendly state.
Until, by the restoration of law and order
therein, a repetition of such incursions Is
Improbable, ths necessity for their remain.
Ins- will continue; they must remain. Inter
ventlon, Implying as It does military subju
gation. Is revoRtnic to the people pf the
umieu DiMiM, noiwiiasianaing (ne provocs,
tlon to Uu4 cojjrss has beeu grt, ttnd
should be resorted to, if at all. only as a.
last resort Th stubborn reUtn,c ef, the
president and bis tdvUers to evfry denund
Immediate provision should bo made for
the development of the carrying trade of
tho United States. Our foreign commerce
has In the past been subject to many un
necessary nnd vexatious obstacles In the
way of legislation of Republican congresses.
Until tho recent Democratla tariff legisla
tion, It was hampered by unreasonable bur
dens of taxation. Until the recent banking
legislation. It had at Its disposal faw of
the necessary Instrumentalities of Inter
national credit and exchnnge.
Until the formulation of the pending act
to promote the construction of a merchant
marine, It lacked even the prospect of ade
quate carriage by sea. We heartily Indorse
the purposes nnd policy of the pending ship
ping bill, and favor all such additional
measures of constructive or remedial legis
lation as may bo necessary to restore our
(lag to the seas, and then provide further
facilities for our foreign commerce, par
ticularly such laws as mny bo made to re
move unfair conditions of competition In
the dealings of American merchants and
producers with competitors In foreign mar
kets. ADMINISTRATION AND FARMER.
We favor the vigorous prosecution of In
vestigations and plans to render farming
more profitable and country llfo more
healthful, comfortable and attractive, and
we believe that this should be a dominant
aim of the nation ns well as of the States.
With all Its recent Improvement, farming
still lags behind other occupations In de
velopment ns a business, and the advant
ages of nn advancing civilization have not
accrued to rural communities In a fair
Much has been accomplished In this field
under the present Administration far more
than under any other previous administra
tion. In the Federal Reserve act of the
last Congress and tho rural credits act of
tho present Congress, tho machinery has
been created which will mako credit avail
able to tho farmer constantly and readily
ana no lias at last been put upon a footing'
of equality with the merchant and the man
ufacturer In securing tho capital necessary
to carry on his enterprises. '
Grades and standards necessary to tho
Intelligent and successful conduct of the
business of agriculture have nlso been es
tablished, or in the course of being estab
lished by law. The long-needed cotton fu
tures net, passed by the 63d Congress, has
now been in successful operation for nearly
A grain grades bill, long needed, and a
permissive warehouse bill. Intended to pro
ido better storage facilities and to enable
tho farmer to obtain certificates upoii -which
ho may secure advances of money, have
been passed by the House of Representa
tives, havo been favorably reported to the
Senate nnd will probably becomo law during
the present session of tho Congress. Both
houses have passed a good roads measure
which will be of far-reaching benefit to nil
The happiness, comfort nnd prosperity of
rural life and the development of the cltr
are alike conserved by the construction of
public highways. We. therefore, favor na
tlonal aid In the construction of post roads
and roads for military purposes.
We hold that the life, health nnd
strength of the men, women and children of
the nation nre Its greatest asset, and that
In conservation of these the Federal Gov.
eminent, wherever it acts as the employer
of labor, should both on Its own account
and as an example put Into effect the fol
lowing principles of Just employment;
First. A living wage for all employes.
Second, A working day not to exceed
eight hours, with one day of rest In seven.
Third. The adoption of safety appliances
and the establishment of thoroughly sani
tary conditions of labor.
Fourth, Adequate compensation for In
Fifth. The standards of the "uniform
child labor law" wherever minors are employed.
Sixth. Such provisions for decency, com
fort and health In the employment of
women as should be accorded the mothers
of the race.
Seventh. An equitable retirement law
providing for the retirement of superan
nuated and disabled employes of th o.lvit
Bervlce, to the end that a higher standard
of efficiency may be maintained.
We believe also that the adoption of sim
ilar principles should be urged and applied
In the legislation of the States with regard
to labor within Its borders; that through
every possible agency the life and health
of tho people of the nation should be con
served ; that the Federal Government should
develop upon a systematic scale the means
already begun under the present adminis
tration to assist laborers throughout the
union to seek and obtain employment, and
that the same assistance apd encourage,
ment houid be extended by the Federal
Government to systematic vocational train.
lng as Is now extended to agricultural train
ing. Wo favor a thorough reconsideration of
tho means and methpde by which the Fed
eral Government handles questions of pub
Ws declare our faith In the seaman's
act, passed by the Democratla Congress,
and we promise our earnest continuance of
Its enforcement We favor the spssdy en.
actment of an effective Federal child labor
law, and1 the regulation of the shipment of
prison-made foods-in Interstate commerce.
We favor the creation of a Federal
bureau of safety In ths Department of
Labor to gather facts concerning Industrial
hazard, and to recommend legislation tp
prevent the maiming and killing of human
Wu favor the txUeoa of the powers
and functions of the Federal bureau of
We favor tho development upon n sys
tematic scale of the means, Already begun
under the present Administration, to assist
laborers thrpughout the nation to seek nnd
obtain employment nnd tho extension of the
Federal Government by the samo assistance
and encouragement as now gvlen to ngrl
We heartljy commend our newly estab
lished Department of Labor for Its excellent
record In settling Industrial strikes by per
sonal nnd through conciliating agents.
Wo favor n thorough reconsideration ot
the means And methods by whloh the Fed.
en.l Government handles questions of pub'
lie health to the end that human life may
be conserved by the elimination of loath
some diseases, tho Improvement of sanita
tion and the diffusion of knowledge of dis
Wo favor tho establishment by tho Fed
eral Government of tuberculosis sani
tariums for needy tubercular patients.
We favor such an alteration of the rules
of proceduro of tho Senate of tho United
States ns will permit the transaction of the
nation's legislative business.
ECONOMY AND THE BUDGET.
Wo demand careful economy in all ex
penditures for the support of the Govern
ment, and to thnt end favor a return by
tho House of Representatives to Its former
practice of Initiating and preparing all ap
propriation bills through a single commit
tee chosen from its membership, In order
that responsibility may be centred, ex
penditures standardized and made uniform,
and waste and duplication In the public
service as much as possible avoided. Wo
favor this as a practicable first step toward
a budget system.
We reaffirm our declarations for the rigid
enforcement of the civil service laws.
Wo heartily Indorse the provisions of tha
bill recently passed by the House. of Rep
resentatives, further promoting self-government
In the Philippine Island as being In
fulfilment of the policy declared by tho
Democratla party In Its last national plat
form and we reiterate our Indorsement of
the purpose of ultimate Independence for
tho Philippine Islands expressed In tha pre
amble of that message.
Wo recommend the extension of the
franchise to the women of the country by
the States upon the same terms as to men.
PROTECTION OF CITIZENS.
We again declare tho policy that tho
sacred rights of American citizenship must
be preserved nt home nnd abroad, and
that no treaty with any other Government
shall rccelvo tho sanction of our Govern
ment which does not expressly recognize tho
absolute equality of nil our citizens Irre
spective of race, creed or previous nation
ality, and which does not recognize the right
of expatriation .
The American Government Bhould pro
tect American citizens In their rights not
only at home but abroad nnd nny country
having a government should be held to
strict accountability for any wrongs done
them, either to person or property. At the
earliest practical opportunity our country
should strive earnestly for peace among
ino warring nations or Europe nnd seek to
bring about the adoption of the fundamental
principle of Justice nnd humanity, that nil
men shall enjoy equality of right and free
dom from discrimination In the lands
wherein they dwell.
We demand that the modern principles
of prison reform be applied In our Federal
penal systems. We favor such work for
prisoners as shall give (hem training In
remunerative occupations sithat they may
make an honest living when released from
prison; tho setting apart of the net wages
of the prisoner to be paid to his dependent
family or to bo reserved for his own use
upon hit release; the liberal extension of
the principles for the Federal parole law,
with due regard both to the welfare of tho
prisoner and the Interests of society; ths
adoption of the probation system, especially
lr, tho case of arrested offenders not con
victed of serious crimes.
Wo renew the declarations of recent
Democratic platforms relating to generous
pensions for soldiers and their widows and
call attention to our record of performance
In this particular.
Wo renew the declaration In our last
two platforms relating to the development
of our waterways. The recent devastation
of the lower Mississippi Valley and several
other sections by floods accentuates the
movement for the regulations of river flow
by additional bank and levee protection
below the diversion, storage and control of
tho flood waters above, and their utili
zation for beneficial purposes In tho re
clamation of arid and swamp lands and
development of. Water power, instead of
permitting the floods to continue ns here
tofore agents of destruction. We hold that
the control of the Mississippi River Is a
The preservation of the depth ot Its
waters for purposes of navigation, the build
ing of levees and works of bank protection
to maintain the Integrity of Us channel and
prevent the overflow of Its valley resulting
In the Interruption of Interstate commerce,
the disorganization of the mall service and
the enormous loss of life and property Im
pose an obligation which alone can be dis
charged by the National Government.
We unreservedly Indorse our President
and Vice President Woodrow Wilson, of
New Jersey, and Thomas niley Marshall,
of Indiana -who have performed the func.
tlons ot their great offices faithfully and
impartially and with distinguished ability,
In particular, we commend to the Amer
ican people the splendid dlplomatlo victories
of our great President, who has preserved
the vital Interests of our Government and
Its citizens and kept us out of war.
Woodrow Wilson stands today the
greatest American of his 'generation.
This Is a critical hour In the history of
America, a critical hour In the history of
the world. Upon the record above set
forth, which shows great constructive
achievement In following out a consistent
nollcv for our domestic and Internal de
velopment; upon the record of the Demo
cratla administration, which has maintained
the honor, the dignity and the Interests of
the United States and at the same time re
tained ths respect and friendship of all the
nations of the world ; and upon the great
policies for the future strengthening of the
life of our country, the enlargement of our
national vision and the ennobling of our In
ternational relations, as ixt forth above,
we appeal with confidence to the voters of
HUGHES TO MEET Olfi
Candidate Will Spend n...
Commencement and A.unJuj
Hy CARL D. GROAT
NEW TORK, June 18 Chstte. v.i
..... Wlrj 1,4 fc
publican presidential nominee's t.t m!
.vair t.. ki- . .l. . ".role hjj
..-V-. ... , uwn Trot-as, he's roift-. 7J
to 'Brown University, Providence Z . T
r.ava a good time with th hn.. ,.' 3
Monday nfternoon he will W, . . J
Providence otherwise "Uttla jSL"!H,rf
WW ffaternlso at Tiverton ,".
a day with tho "boys" with wh0i.'"
graduated from Brown as ye.?,J; W
iicipaie in the commencement tjfr.T. "''
Providence nnd have a hand In thi 1 k
of Fellows to which he belong, mtt(l,
ThuMday night ho will return t b
York ready to renew his prellrnlnr2 V
palgn work. By that time he wnVt '
manager nnd a National Commltti SLV'J
man. Up to today, hovvever, th...
tons nr In rtnnhf i . UlM boJ
belief lingers that Hughes Tana ,?&
Guard aren't entirely harmonious bl?2
entries. Hughes' friends say boK?
will bo nmlcablo before Monday. "
Colonel William" Haywnrd. for.. .'
York State Publlo SerUco Mffi.2W
strongly backed by the New vifc'h;
manager; Frank Hitchcock. i. .
Hughes boomer nt Chicago, has Ou n"1
and national support extensively. BMJ
jucnior tvnuman, who i . !
Hughes, called on the candidate .mM,S'
Hnll with Mm t . 'w Hy?-,
refused to discuss tho suhl.?? -.?.?"- ?"!
conference, though each said It wis iW
good conference." "erf
Whitman exnreaR,! pnnfl.-.. . .. -
como of tho election. "
SIX HEADS LOPPED OFF I
Pcnrose-McNichol Men in Two'
Offices Ousted More Marked M
Six Penrosa-McNIchol followers lost thife'1
positions in Its city government today be
cause of their failure to slim th..-u?.
with the administration during the receetdssi'
light prior to tho organization of the nttrnk-VB
... .w ww....c. inui omen trt Wim'
av , u,l uCII OCUCL
n-l -i .-. . .. - V
xna t......KL-7j iuuuy were in the ofllceiM
Kenftlvrr nt TnT.o TV tr,M.-i-H .V.,1?
and Recorder of Deeds James lr. Tr.,ui ,
In the latter ofllco three transcribers wmll
""", mo jAimwmiion given or IU
7 .. u i uis rr
The first victim of tho political ihitV
today won Henry W. Munkenharh. m.
of the 18th Wnrd Republican EtecaliTi'
He voted In his Wnrd Committee for 3tm'
D. Dorney, a former McNIchol lei!r. iu.
was defeated for re-election to the EepuM
nun wiijr wummiiieo oy jonn VIRUS. 1
Vnro henchman, and Chief of the Dlrubni
oi vveigncs ana Measures.
Tho second man to go was fln vr.
Govern, n member of tho Executive Com-!
mlttee of the 26th ward, nnd a followtr'
of former Magistrate William F Campbell,
the McNIchol leader of tho ward, who u,
fast being shorn of political power 1j
losing nppolntments made from the wardi
by removals. rj
Tho last man dismissed by Recorder Ru-i
lett was John H. Cowperwattt a mtnftw
of the Executive Commltteo of tht JJtl'
ward, who voted for Oscar Noll, the Kw
Nlchol leader, who was re-elected to lal
City Committee. All throe of the ms-l
celved salaries of 11200.
Receiver of Taxes Kendrlck today tf
ollned to make public the full list of thai
whoso resignations ho demanded and n-1
celved, but it was learned that forratrMH-:,
istrato james l'eaiey, or tne oin warn,
one or tne numner oustea. t eaieyu uik
with Mercantile Appraiser James Al'Ctnf
tho McNIchol leader of the ward. W
me jiusuiuu ui uopuiy uciuiqucai i&ibV?u!c-
..... ... n nnln -, rtf II.AA I ntl... Ala hJ . V
was Edward Walls, of the 6th Ward,ac!et1
In the water division of the Tax Offlfe. Oa'S
of the other men was Edmond Everhari. f.
clerk, of the 32d Ward.
City Treasurer McCoach, who yeiteri,
demanded and received the retlgnatlog etl
receiving teller George W. Mlntzer, ol Una
3d Ward, today declared that he probillJt
will not appoint n successor to the TrtlMrjf
lieutenant until tho end of the month.
LIEUT.-COLONEL MORTON, SMITSj
Was Commandant) of Cadets at U. S.J
WFIST POINT. N. V.. June H.Lll
ant Colonel Morton F. Smith, command!
of the cadets of the United State! MHltW
Academy, died at his home here today,
Lieutenant Colonel Smith wai ipn f,
rnlnrin nn Tulv flfl 1ST!! At tht Itt td
18 he was appointed to Weat Tolat Jj
was graduated with tho claw of ', IH
1898 he was commissioned flrat """"r;'!
and became captain on February )l, W-3
H.1...1 Omltl. -..-a .nnnlnl.fl nffljgM
WUIuiia, unit.,, m ,,,,"'- i.JfJ
ant of the cadets at West Point on W
Your Last Chanc
TOO LATB FOB CLASSIFICATION
AKHOK.-On ffflf Jf. ..Mj- -T.i
-Al.autiu, .. ...w r- - -.. .Hvi.w
(-Liana mi ! , ..leva
to utt.nd ttte -untral servli
at bar late
wife of Wm
Fives and friends a
.....! n-rvlrna O
o'clock at br late rMtdaoee. Valley Qrten
roaa. vvaiivw !, wtiv-Hf -.a, -. in1
nKOWN. n .Jiinejo.
Emma. J "Neili
, tfl. ifAItOABET MAT.
"mIWa osusBttr er Wm
tammt 43 years. It.U-
re 4(hvlU4 to attend toe
HELP WANTED W3IAI.B
TELEPHONE OPERATOR, capable of operatlas
Kjpswtuer, f-7V,, M. "V, . .T vv9tiuu (or
easan.su - --uvur -aria uo., sis
UEt.P WAKTKP MALE
APYEBTISINO SOLICITORS of hlsa efBcleacy
wanted on a l vie propo.lt ton i jood income
to rlint nwo Addrtaa autlns experience;
! T0J PhlUdetpliia foejotftce
BOYB AND "MKN WANTED. aW w-.ee.
j'lftyWH. ''"''fi jT "' '"fnvn a
Hfer fcft-M 4& 99 fii.4 p &U.1 xt
on Page 9
-B ssT , ss-4sVJsaJsLjaJ-J
(aa lile City, Stem Herkef. A-
PaXi It t.leir 17. a-Wit
TMU Sallys eSdHloaal I os $
AUaiTk) cay 7-WK ,wusso-4 W"
oin, Serine X- --ii
Miilt, Jm 1. Ctt M. toe. T-W
rnOM BROAO STMaT STATU"
S2.KO Wert'-rtt?..-,! '
sw48t, r-waJr yt I't!