Newspaper Page Text
1 A - - -sj" "V
ft fl , v-f' A. - - -r , f . . ,p-, -i -!,, -i , ,,. a-T.r r -
fttentng gjj& llrfcjei4
fUBLIG LEDGER COMPANY
CTfetra fc, K. CUltWS, PiwsiDirrt.
ajkrtjw'T; Ludlnton. Vice President; John
SfcJfrt. Bwtty And Treats-fr; I'hlllp B.
PWh nn B. Williams, Dlreeto..
, "" Kditoiuaij no audi
m , ? K. CutTH, Chairman
ft WHALET. ...... ..... ., Editor
ttmtf C 1UIIT1N. .(lenerai DuslnesM Manager
i " i i ,,
PuMlaned daily t Ptmuo I.cnan Bulldln.
Independence. Square, Philadelphia.
Laftem Cek-rftit,.,. Broad and Chestnut Strata
AKtKTta Cm....,...., Prrt;aoH Butldlnir
giy YoK. ..., . 200 Metropolitan Toner
SMaoiT. .. . ........... . . 820 Ford Building
. IOCIS... ...... 40 Olobe-IVmocrat nuildlng
WWII ii ..1203 rribuw Building
JnmoTO! nnatitT. . ........ .Mags Building
ItjMr Teas nrrUD.... The Timet Dulldlng
MUM Bpttio ........ 60. Frtertrlehstrasse
Lonbo.v DriiiC. ....... Marconi House, Btrand
Plata ll0....t ,33 Hue Louis ie Grand
j warrior, atrcentk per week. By mall,
toMtcald outside, of Philadelphia, except -where
fweffn postage la required, one month, twenty
five centa; one year, three dollars. All mall
ubacrlpUont payable In advance.
Nonce Subscribers within address changed
aauat tire old aa well aa new address.
WMX, 1400 WALNUT KEYSTONE. MAIN aooo
tZ? AAArrat all commnntcntfon to Evening
Ledger, Independence Square, Philadelphia.
bitkd x tbi miMDELriiu rosTorrtcB as
ancoND-ctt mil, mattm.
TJJB AVErtAOE NET PAID DAI1V CIR
CULATION OF THE EVENING LEPQEIl
V01 APIUL WAS 117,310.
FhtltdetpliU, Thmtilj, May 23, 1416.
EVENING LBDOE3R-3PHILADBLPHIA THBSDAY, MAY 25,
i "' - ' i ' ' ' .
hot care whetu It got Its food sd It Rot It
South Germany has been loyal to the
Prussian regime and It will doubtless be
unnecessary to hang any of Us many
peasant. Indeed, the most serious prob
lem of the food situation, In view of the
outnumbering of German troops by their
foes), Is to determine! how many peasants
can be Apared from tho battlefield to
handle the crops.
A BLOW TO BOURBONISM
out fast has brother followed brother,
From sunshine: to the sunless land,
The Fairbanks boom sounds like
the cracking of 'tho Ico on a pond In a
frosty winter night.
Tho Impression Is gaining ground
that "Winston Churchill docs most of his
fighting with his mouth.
Tho Methodist General Conference
did the expected when It reassigned
Bishop Berry to this city.
Tho 'Wilson Administration Is
breaking tho record for weddings as well
as for BOveral other things.
. Carranza seems to enjoy writing
notes almost as much as Wilson. And,
his notes do about as much good. '
Tho Colonel will show ho Isn't
afraid of the "Jinx" of past defeat If he
lets Straus bo his "keynoter." Straus
fell with his chief on the field of 1912.
Tho woman's club movement is a
strong tie that binds when It can bring
Mrs. Roosevelt, Mrs. Taft, Miss Wilson
and Mrs. Bryan to the samo festive board.
Not what you would call a clubby
crowd of Junketers, those Pennsylvania
delegates to Chicago, after Penrose and
Brumbaugh have finished fighting for the
Tho epectraf ship. "Tho Flying
Dutchman," seems to havo been located
at last n, "a 450-foot submarine on Its
way to N$w York to reopen German
trade with America."
Those New Yorkers who aro so In
dlgnant over tho "listening in" on their
telephones by the police wouldn't pay any
attention to it if they had had the experi
ence of being on a country party line.
A British official report speaks of
"a successful enterprise against the
Turks, in which we captured 36 camels
and one soldier." Successful? Must be
figuring on establishing a menagerie.
"Hughes on tho second ballot" may
be Interpreted differently at Oyster Bay
from tho way It is Interpreted at Wash
ington. Tho choice of a vice presidential
candidate will be made on the second
ballot If a certain somebody Is to bo made
If Bryan falls to split the Demo
cratic convention on his "dry" plank, ho
might take a chance as the Prohibition
party candidate. But he would first havo
to rout those Prohibitionists who lean
toward General Miles, army man, and
thoso who lean toward Hobson, navy man.
Tho dove la not always on tho water
Did the Judges really appoint
Harry Kuenzel County Commissioner as
"a Varo man" or as an efficient publlo
servant? Serving "Dave" Martin for a
quarter century doesn't train a man. It
The victory of a driver over a
widow whose husband was killed by his
motor, in Justice von Moschzisker's de
al of her appeal, is tempered by warn
ing to autolsts that they must use the ut
most care. The equally firm monition to
pedestrians that tho law requires them
to bo vigilant In crossing streets, es
pecially between crossings, where "drivers
are not held to the same high standard
of care" as at crossings, suggests that
Philadelphia -would do well to follow the
example of other cities in defining and
punishing dangerous habits. Washing
ton punishes those who cross certain
-streets diagonally between crossings, and
the first, recorded 'arrest" of President
Wilson was when a policeman took the
Chief Executive In charge for a fright
wed moment when he caught him taking
s, ishort cut. The death list in this city
jHakes imperative a new set of trafflo
jruiea or a new State law defining respon
sibility most accurately.
One significant feature of the new
Ctensaa, 'food dictatorship got past the
Msor. Stuttgart gave the Government
arp warning, against introducing unl
fpre food distrJbutipn throughout the em
jtire "at the; expense of (he south of Ger
any." The dense populace of Berlin, de
gneot on distant country districts tor
wpplles, naturally asks for an even deal
of the shrunken rations, and the country
t largo opposes an Iron hand that would
make that "evenness" cut short Its own
Mpjoly But it is Berlin, where the war,
M nowhere- else, must be kept popular,
that tha Government dares not displease.
t wa thus In the French Revolution,
BjMtt lbs taadere did not hesitate to hang
The Hrandela cane la a light of the
people against ilie "powers." To pre
serve public confidence In the Snpreme
Court the Senate must confirm the ap
pointment. THT3 restoration of Alfred TreyfUs to
his rank In the French army after ho
had been falsely accused and convicted
of being a Bpy marked tho establishment
of tho French Republic on a new basis
of permanence. It Is clear now that
racial prejudice had very little to do with
tho case. What came out of It was the
strength of France to resist Bourbonlsm,
to overcome cliques nnd classes, to bo a
true democracy. That famous episode
corresponds In many ways to tho case
of Louis D. Branded, who has Just been
recommended to the Senato as Associate
Justlco of the Supreme Couit.
There was very little religious preju
dice against Mr, Brandols. The opposi
tion to him came from "Interests," fiom
classes and from cliques. In the long
Investigation which preceded the favor
able action of tho Senate's Judiciary
Committee nothing was more striking
than the fact tha' the opposition was all
of one piece. Instead of tho Judicial robe
the opposition attempted to put on Mr.
Brandels a suit of another material. It
turns out to bo cut from tho whole cloth.
That Is why Mr. Brandels becomes more
than an Individual. Nqt he, but the oppo
sition, Is on trial. Not an appointment,
but tho principle of democracy, la at
The prlnclplo will bo at stake until Mr.
Brandels slta on tho Supremo Court
bench. The caso against him has col
lapsed and his splendid dignity has put
to shame the trivial tenors of his ene
mies. But oven If Mr. Brandels had not
beon cleared, If he had made grave mis
takes In his career, short of proved cor;
ruptlon, It would still bo necessary to In
dorse him in order to vindicate the honor
of tho Supremo Court. Tho attacks mado
several years ago on our Judicial system
were Insignificant compared with the
subtle and vicious undermining of public
confidence engaged In by tho opponents of
Mr. Brandols. The Senate must glvo the
lie to them. It must utter a platitude and
Insist that tho Supreme Court exists for
the people of the United States and not
for a few people of tho United States.
Like most things that every one knows
and believes, that Important platitude Is
too often forgotten.
The Senate has to decide whether tho
highest court of tho United States is a
society of legal Bourbons gathered In the
Interest of corporato Bourbonlsm or a
society of statesmen and lawyers gath
eied In the Interest of the nation. We
make no great point of Mr. Brandels' In
nocence because we know that, on what
ever other ground he may bo acquitted, he
Is guilty of being a friend of tho people.
He is convicted of wanting to humanize
law. He did fight for tho protection of
women in- the Oregon factories. Ho doea
believe that corporations are as amenable
to law as Individuals. Ho has a profound
knowledge of social and economic diffi
culties, and he does believe that the law
has an Intimate connection with these
problems. On all -these counts ho is
against Bourbonlsm, against the theory
of the sacred rights of possessions, against
the corporate few, against property in
terest when it corrupts human interest.
Ho is guilty, but, unfortunately, the court
which decided his guilt Is not recognized
In the United States.
The Senate has the fate of democracy
In Its hands. If It decides against Mr.
Brandels It will confirm the charge that
the reactionaries believe the duty of the
Supremo Court lsto damn every fresh
current of life and to stem every tide of
social Justice. If it confirms him It will
establish tho democracy of the court and
will bring It close to the currents of pop
ular thought by admitting to It a repre
sentative of tho latest form of radicalism.
By Its nature the Supreme Court Is
forbidden to take part In controversy. It
cannot defend Itself from the attacks
made upon It. But there are men on the
Cwnch now to whom the fight against
brandels has been an affront. It has
Impeached their honor more than his.
They will rejoice with their fellow citi
zens that the Judiciary Committee has
struck hard against th-a arrogant heart of
the Bourbons. They, and the country
with them, will expect the Senate to
drive the blow home.
Tom Daly's Column
"TJijb ahonr tjia't was oreboe."
There's a candy shop down the street
WUh the owner's name, Oolamlt,
On a hupe electric slant., ,
Gamma omlcron, lambda, alpha, ml, lota,
T spetl It out In the original Oreek
As I pass bvi
Then Xenophon irith his ten thousand
Gomes marching past
Over the endless parasangs
To the ever-surging sea:
And stately the Fates ttnroll, .
Tha inevitable destiny of Orestes,
And the chorus
Chants Us mournful lamentation
lincrcon sings of tclne,
Of feasting and revelry,
And Sappho sings of love,'
And 1 hear the calm voice of Socrates,
Conversing telth Plato and his compaa-
Of Justice and Truth and Knowledge
And the t-olcc of Ms Divinity.
But a newsboy
Bawls out, reminding ma
That the President has written a note,
And the Phillies have won again.
STILL, A FORBWARD MOVEMENT.
Ills friends have won another fight.
The latest news at hand ts,
But haven't yet been able quite
To take the "brand" from Brandels,
OF COURSE every ono who stops to
chat with a friend on the pavement
outside the Union League Is not a mem
ber, but well, two men wore talking
there yestorday and this Is what wo
"Well, Roosevelt scorns determined to
keep a certain class out of tho Repub
lican Convention In Chicago."
"A certain clans? Who?"
Get copy In
early for the
CHARLES WARREN FAIRBANKS.
Within this long and lofty
You look upon a winter sceno.
The altitude's so great, you
It's covered with eternal
THE WHY OF ROOSEVELT
EVEN those who resent It confess the
power of Theodore Roosevelt. Those
who insist that he cannot win the election
admit that he can dominate the nomina
tion. Granting him the luck, assuming
that he got all the "breaks" of the great
game he is playing, there Is still some
thing of a mystery in his apnea) and in
Mr. Roosevelt has formulated not only
his program, but what will be the pro
gram of every candidate and of virtually
every party. Even If a party were so
blind or a candidate so unscrupulous as
to seek the anti-American vote, he would
not dare proclaim it. Americanism and
preparedness are universal issues. Yet
out of them Mr. Roosevelt has succeeded
In building a machine of attack which
may prove irresistible. How has he done
The answer la that Mr, Roosqvelt, what
ever bis faults, has the one great Ameri
can virtue in tha highest degree. That
virtue Is energy. When he is wrong he is
powerfully and dangerously wrong, pre
cisely because his energy, his passion and
his power are at so much higher tension.
His voltage per minute on any given sub
ject Is tremendous. He gives himseffto
an pld proposition, even to a platitude,
and makes It tingle with life, something
pergonal and to be feared.
Quarrel aa Republicans and Democrats
may with the man and his methods, they
must grant him a full meed of praise.
To their cold righteousness the people
who wre tired of feedin? aro Irresponsive. In Mr. Roosevelt they
iwffiqfgftMw of Paris. w latent on the recognize themselves, the sublimation of
hrm c ueM4s4 tut Km vigorous aaa grata; me.
Young Mothers' Dictionary
(It Is the Intention Of tho compilers
of this work to bring It out In book
form let us say, half-calf If the ran
dom extracts given here meet with
popular favor Young mothers soon
lenrn that the scope of even our un
abridged dictionaries Is too limited to
meot adequately the need for full ex
pression In tho nursery. To fill this
lack Is our aim Also, It Is our hope
to Interpret, as far as wo may. sounds
emanating from tho very young)
H-HEB This cry of tho very young
signifies "Oh, look," "go away," "a
glass of water" or any ono of a number of
things which may only bo definitely In
terpreted by considering tho word In con
nection with tho accompanying gesture;
even then It la wisest to call In con
sultation the little speakoi's grand
mother, preferably upon tho distaff side.
AH-POOM A feeding Implement, with
an oval bowl and handle usually of
silver; in other words, a spoon. Some
times, also, It Is merely an expression of
AW-GWAN This word does not
usually occur until, say, tho fifth or
sixth year, and need not, therefore, be
considered by very young mothers.
AY-GAH-GAH "Good morning" or
"Good evening," as the case may be.
(To be continued)
.r-i-r r-vri-m-n a "vm ri riuii'u
Mmrm msmi !?&,$& w
JLa W M lU
OUR CONTRIBUTING EDITORS
ANY ONE MTnS"
me Simplicity of Makinr, .
Millions-T,on0 u Lkin,g
Little Auto BtalX
and His Big FiglTt
rTUIE maddenlno- im.. -L. .
Xventlons (to those who dldJT. h
them) Is the outrageous .1 I ,nv j
whose minds work like the S Vtf
machines. It Is a commnnw tlc j
since a boy wanted so badly tc, i. m
that hatad a ntrlng to rrtS,??.
Eastman Says That the Adamson Interstate Automobile
License Reciprocity Bill Does Not Go Far Enough.
"D. P. W." Badges on Contractors' Employes
IF EVA would only keep still long
enough she might write a song for the
hare-brained young men who drive motor
trucks In this town. The refrain might
Slam I Bang! Jar I
Here we are I
Motortruck and touring car.
Clear the gangways!
We're tho Tanguays
Of the highways everywhere.
Nix, say we
Gay young loafers,
All us showfers
We don't care, 01 we don't caret
CHARLES JOHN HUFFHAM DICK
ENS. Yes, sir, positively! The same
as wrote "David Copperfleld." I have It
on tho word of one Andrew Boyle, who
compiled the Everyman Encyclopaedia
vol. Dec. to Fat, page S6, half way down
the right-hand column.
Which reminds me of the sign painter
who prepared the "name plate" for a new
publlo school In a not-far-distant city
somewhere between the foot of Market
street hill and the Pensauken Creek
william c. Mckinley
E. A, M.
And that, in turn, suggests Pete
Dunne's "Pontius P. Pilate."
ONLY Just this minute, when It's too
eternally late, we discover that the
Inspired compositor played hob with that
charming poem of Joyce Kilmer's we
cited last Monday, The last couplet
Poems are made by fools like me,
But only God can make a tree!
The inspired comp, made it "folks."
Whazzamatter, gettln ladylike? One of
our children came to us the other day and
showed us the same poem in his Reader,
And there "men" had been substituted for
"fools." Which recalls the .squeamish
minister, who, in his sermon, took Hen
Out of the night that covers me.
Black as the pit from pole to pole,
I thank whatever gods may be
For my unconquerable toul
and mado the third line
I thank the dear God above me.
Surely that was a syrlngefu of post
mortem orthodoxy that must have made
WUliara proest turn ove Ip hU grave.
This Department Is tree to oil reader
who with to eijrcss Ifcdr opinions on uo
irt nt current interest. It ts an open
Jorum ami the Kicnlna Ledoer assumes no
responsibility or the Uews of Us corre
spondents INTERSTATE MOTOR TRAFFIC
To the Villtor of Evening Ledger:
Sir In reference to the Adamson bill,
which Is now before Congress and which
provides for Interstate reciprocity in tho
use of automobile license tags on the same
basis that New York State extends cour
tesy to other States, wo would advise that
this Is a bill with which tho automobile
dealers and manufacturers aro heartily In
accord and Is tho policy which Is being fol
lowed by most of the Bastcrn States, al
though the reciprocal arrangement with
New Jersey 13 a limited one nnd Is working
out -ery unsatisfactorily to automobile
owners. The same pertains to tho State of
Delaware, where under present arrange
ments, commercial vehicles owned by a for
eign corporation are not allowed to enter
or pass through the State of Delaware with
out carrying a Delaware tag This works
a serious hardship on many Pennsylvania
corporations who operate vehicles through
tho State of Delaware, and the Adamson
bill would correct this trouble.
"What all automobile manufacturers, deal
ers and owners nre In favor of, however. Is
a national license tag which would be good
In anv State In tha Union, each State
to bo rebated In the proportion of the num
ber of these tags that were Issued to owners
residing In the respective States This
would do away entirely with the trouble
between States on license tag, obviating
any special laws governing the licensing of
automobiles In the various States, without
decreasing to any appreciable extent the
revenue which each State would derive
from the licensing of automobiles The
Adamson bill, as we see It, Is a step In the
right direction, but does not go far enough.
Manager Packard Motor Car Co. Phlla.
Philadelphia, May 23.
THE "MC'S" OF SCOTLAND
To the Editor of Evening Ledger:
Sir x waB rather surprised some time
8ko to see a question In your dally quiz
which asked tho meaning of the Irish prefix
"Mc" Didn't you know that It Is Scotch?
Many Irish people bear It, but they nre not
of pure Irish blood They are Scotch-Irish.
The real Scotch-Irish, you know, are the
descendants of those unfortunate Scots
who left their beloved Highlands In the
reign of Bloody Mary, who was an ardent
Cathollo and wanted all her subjects to be
so. too, These Highlanders, loyal to their
Protestant faith, set off to Ireland. There
they and their descendants have remained.
That Is why many think "Mc" Is Irish
But It Is not. One would never say "O"'
Is Scotch: as soon say "Mc" Is IrlBh. By
tho way, I suppose you know that the real
prefix la "Mac." There Is a dot under the
"o" which stands for the "a"
ONE WHO BEARS THE Mo.
Nevertheless, the use of the "Mo" In,
Ireland has the significance ascribed to It
In the Eveniko Leoqea. and It Is spelled
that way, without the dot, almost Invar
iably In responsible publications. The
question was not In regard to the origin
of the prefix, but In regard to Its present
meaning. It Is true that Queen Mary was
as eager as Henry "VIII to have her sub
jects agree with her. Editor of Evenino
SUGAR DEAR IN CUBA ALSO
To tha Editor of Evening Ledger;
Sir The sugar Industry In Cuba being
of such importance and having universal
Interest, some points in regard to the same
might be considered timely. The plant,
according to some, was first Introduced In
Cuba about the year 1508 to 1535, At the
beginning the progress of the Industry was
so slow that up to the year 1817 the Cuban
sugar crop did not reach 70,000 tons; but
since that date, however, the progress of
the Industry has been so great that in the
year 1810 the island produced SQO.000 tons
of sugar. Increasing every year until 1894,
when it reached about 1.000,000 tons. This
progress lasted until the year 1896, when
the second war of Independence brought
down the production to 213,000 tons.
After the second war of independence it
Increased slowly until 103. when the crop
once again reached the million tons figure,
and since that time the progress If keeping
paca with the general progress of the
Island In every respect
In the present year It is expected, ac
cording to well-made calculation, that the
production will be over 300.000 tons. About
1J new big central have been established
due to the high prlw of this article, which
has risen from about IM cents a pound for
the raw material to more than 4 cents
actual prlco, w Ith a tendency to 'advance.
Tho importance of the sugar Industry In
Cuba today Is a direct result of the advan
tages of the cllmato nnd the soli of tho
Island for tho growing of sugnr cane. Tho
methods followed by tho planters are In
conformity with the peculiar conditions of
tho country Tl.ls, of course, applies to the
culthntlon of the plant The manufacture
of sugnc and the grade produced Is tho
direct result of tho conditions Imposed by
thoso who control tho market.
For the above reasons, although present
methods could be improved. It can be stated
without nny doubt that Cuba produces a
larger "-quantity of sugar and at a lower
price than nny other country In the world.
J .7 LUIS, Cuban Consul
Philadelphia, May 24.
What Do You Know?
Queries of general interost will be an
swered In this column. Ten Questions, the
answers to which every well-informed
person should know, arc asked dally.
THE CONTRACTORS PARADE
To the Editor of Evening Ledger:
Sir I did not realize until I read the
bulletin of tho Bureau of Municipal Re
search, Just out. that tho btreot pleaners'
parade was a private affair and that the
men wearing badges of the Department of
Public Works were not publlo employes I
think that the statement In the bulletin
ought to have a wider circulation than It
usually gets. So I quote the Interesting
p.irt of It A representative of tho bureau
was on tho reviewing stand by Invitation
"Tho excellent police bamji the contrac
tors' autos, gray-uniformed inspectors,
sprinkling wagons, ash carts, more bands,
regiments of white-clad sweepers with
brand new brooms, passed In Impressive
array. One cannot be too flattering and
Bay that the marching was good One
can't go Into raptures over the military
bearing of the men s
"But the array was Impressive never
theless and gave the observer food for
thought The first thought that the long
parade brought to mind was how big a
Job the street cleaning of Philadelphia Is.
Hundreds of horses and vehicles and legions
ot brawny men engaged In It, In addition to
which (although not In the parade) one re
membered the engineers and other directing
minds In City Hall
"Numerous aa the men and horses were.
Land huge though the expenditures for street
tho parade marched In front of the review
ing stand was far from clean, showing that
there Is still much to be done In this Im
portant municipal activity.
"The second thought that came home
forcibly was that this expensive equipment
Is not city property, but Is privately owned,
and these men, though each one wearing a
badge bearing 'D. P. W.' UDon It. ar nr
city employes, but are privately hired by
the seeral contractors.
"What must be done? First, tha Impor
tance of clean streets aa Indispensable to
the health, convenience and beauty cf our
city must bo recognized by all citizens
Then will follow as of course nmple ex
penditures for street cleaning. The next
step, and by no means less Important, will
be the centralization of the street cleaning
activities under the Immediate direction of
the city authorities, with the labor per
formed by city employes, decently comnen-f-ated.
secure In their Jobs and nnswerliiK
directly to the officials for their standards
The sooner the citizens realize these
things the sooner shall we have cleaner
Philadelphia, May 8 TAXVER.
He had been In Milwaukee for a decade
or so making monoy. Ha came back to
Philadelphia on a visit and, like a reaula?
rube, strained his neck In front of Broad
street Btatloq to get a glimpse of Billy Penn
the first thing off the train. m
"Ot course, It's the thing to say that
tower arl statue are ugly," he said, and
there was suspicious moisture about lila eve
"but how wo do love It, after all You
know, half the great buildings and monu
raents In Europe are ugly, but we call them
beautiful because they Vre old have
been long loved like one's wife. And now
I want to see Sherwood Forest"
We went out In the car and presently
were at Baltimore avenue and Christian
street Wo had played together I "SKE
w?.? Jr0,"8 aH boys an1 fc""1 walked ther
with girls on Sunday afternoon and carved
pur names on the trees. The politicians
stole it from the city and now It's all built
n. suppose you'll want to go back to Mll
waukee," I said.
"No," he swore, "I'm going to stay hert
at borne and fight the gang. They might
steal Fairawunt Parte"
1. What was the origin of the terra "lingo"?
3. To go from the southernmost point of
the Florida peninsula to Havana,
does one r" aouthrnat or southwest?
3. Who won tliq battle of Trafalgar, and
whnt nations' ships were engaged?
4. What building formerly stood on the
site of the structure nt the south
west corner of 13th and Arch streets?
5. What Is "curry" and from what country
does It come?
0. What It meant by the fauna" and
"flora" of n country?
7. Which Is nearest the sun. Mercury,
Venus, or the Ilartll?
fl. What Is a pngoda?
0. Does dew form more heavily on a clear
or on h cloudy night?
10. What Is Jute?
Answers to Yesterday's Quiz
1. The red rose nn the emblem of the
House of Lancaster, the white of
the House of York.
3. "Bunk" Is ft contraction of "Iluncombe,"
nhleh became u slang word for fool
ishness through the long-wlmledness
of an orator from Iluncombe -County,
3. The Yaquls nre a tribe of Mexican In
4. Shoddy It fibre from old cloth or Inferior
rloth made partly of such nlire.
5. Ilamboo Is the tallest of the grasses.
6. Washington was 43 when he took com
7. The University of Pennsylvania.
8. Port Said Is at 'the Mediterranean end
cf the Kuei Canal,
0. Illaekstane mentions 100 offenses pun
ishable with death In the 18th cen
The frequency of the name "Smith" is
due to the fact Hint It In the con
traction of many nnmes, like "Gold
smith," "Slhersmltli," etc., whli.li
had a similar ending.
Bdifor of "What Do 1'ou Kiiouj" In a
former Issue ofyour paper a recipe for
whitewash, used by the United States Gov
ernment, was printed. I cut out the clip
ping, but It has been mislaid, and would re
quest that you favor me by inserting it
Interior work: (1) Slake 62 pounds of
quicklime with 15 gallons of water. Keep
barrel covered till steam ceases to rise. Stir
occasionally to prevent scorching. (3) Two
and one-half pounds of rye flour. Beat up
In a half gallon of cold water, then add two
gallons of boiling water. (3) Two and one
half pounds of common rock salt. Dissolve'
In two and one-half gallons of hot water
Mix (2) and (S), pour Into (1) and stir till
thoroughly mixed. For exterior work: (1)
Sixty-two pounds of quicklime. Slake with
13 gallons of hot water. (2) Two pounds of
common table salt, one pound of sulphate of
sine, dissolved In two gallons of boiling
water, (3) Two gallons of skimmed milk.
Pour (2) Into (1). then add (3) and mix thor
The John Alden House
' Editor of "What Do You Knoto" Can
you tell me If the John Alden House Is
still stanamg ana just wnere in New Eng
land It Is? Is It occupied? K. t.
The John Alden House, at Duxbury,
Mass, Is still occupied by a John Alden, a
jtneal descendant of the original settler.
Editor of "What Do Yqu Know"! have
heard that there Is a complete sentence hid
den In the name of Bonaparte. Can you
tell me how that Is? CURIOUS.
It Is in the name Napoleon. If the word
were written In Greek and the first letter
lopped oft successively you would get an
effect like this:
With the proper accent marks th would
read roughly: Napoleon, the destroyer of
entire cities, was a lion among his own
B. M The aymbol of St. Bcb Is usually
the Hula dog. B patron of thaw
aiWatM wW U lgv
so that It would on . " en'a
- t vmiv
supposed to handle, thereby rem,..4
most important mechanical prtnShY 'i
big things havo had .i,iJ . I T' & ,
Usually invention has nothing ioT
Inventions; somebody C "',? ,
enough to say, "I won't do this thlnr T
more in this way" and means it!"11
It hflfi rinnn n !, 1
that John a DuZr
chant, and his not wealthy friend fl
H. Perlman. had .,n,i,..,.":n .' ""l
Duffy's auto one Saturdav In ieanVt!4l
were nearlng Cornwall. N. v S F&
tha fourth tlmo It was necessary toctaiS l
a tire. It fell to tho lot of ! & I
younger man, to do tho dirty work LTa
was Inflating the now tire with 1 V...
pump ho suddenly stopped pumnlni Z y
fclllnto a revcrlfe. P ,
"Hey, keep on pumping, Lout," ia '
, ... w jh;i sec tnerel"
The man with Mm rmn,n ...
of thoso looks of venomous hatred that
only good friends exchange, and th.a'
i.v.i. v,,, I'UiiifUUK. i
r .-- ,... .,.,.. . rm
x ,, jui minxing or somethlnit 3
ho said, with deadly mildness, 9
"Cut out the thinking and pump,- .;;
his friend. ' J
But Mr. Perlman deposited a check fo
13,000,000 last month to pay for the flan
of thought which had cost only thr . J
four pump shoves. And that was only i
A Ton Years' Fight
When tho auto trip was over, Perlman'
went 10 see ins mono, w. T. Eames, who
had a garage. Ho t61d him tho nroceAur.
of doing the repair work on the road was k
nu wrong; mat. tno pumping should" b
done In the garage, and an Inflated Ur
on tho rim cat ried along; that the protest
of having tho rim shrunk on the wh; '
una uppiying me lire inereto was Wronj,
and that tho rim should bo removal!
and tho tiro annllcd to It nt a pnnv.ni..' 1
tlmo and place, and then applied when'
necessary to the wheel, bodily and whlli
"But how are you going to lock you '
tire ana rim to your wlieol?" asked EamM.
"I haven't thought that out yet," J
-Pnrlmnn "If t11 V,m,n tn tin !,......., J7!,a
"T3iif m.n thnt'o 1.a m-a-4 !..., . V9
-.., ........ ...ui.o .no Hiua. uupuriani
thing about it."
"No, It Isn't," said Perlman. 'JAII w
havo to do Is to invent that.'
The prlnclplo of tho screw and the
principle of the wedgo are as o!J jj
Babylon. Also the Idea of the air spac
to prevent rust between two metal sur
faces 13 not novel. All Perlman Jad toy
uo was to put tno three together.. Thui ,
tho demountable rim camo Into bejpfc..
He . applied for a patent on May 2lJS0?.''
But ho had never been through the Pat
ent Ofilco befoie. Thero was, first ol all,
a mile or two of red tape to bo unwound!
At last, Bovon years later, ho got his pat
ent. In the course of his fight other ap
plications for blmtlar devices came pour
ing in, and today four-fifths of all autol ''
use tho principle. Thero was money la
uemoumaoie rims lor overyooay except
tho man who Invented them. Perlman,
had to fight some of the blggesttwpply ,'
firms In the country. It was one man
and some thousands of dollars which ol
managed to enlist In his fight agalnsi
hundreds of millions of intrenched capi
tal. The Automobile Chamber of Com
merce helped In tho war to down tM
Inventor when he attacked tho Standard
Welding Company, of Cleveland, which
ha said was making more money out el
his Idea than anv ono else. A circular
addressed to tho trade complalnlngsgalnst
Petlman's claims said:
The patent Is alleged to coyer all
forms of automobile rims using wedjea
between the rim and the felly, holdlnj
the rim In Ha operative position on IM
wheel" If this Is true, the patent would
co-ver practically all forms of demount
Wins Out in Court
And that Is exactly what the United "
states Chcult Court of Appeals found 1
that tho patent coveted! It took a decadai;
for Perlman to come to the point wnp
ho was In a position to lefuse 1750,00?
year royalty for tho use of his patent and
a cash bonus of Jl.000,000.
There was another Inventor who, if U'
patent law were Ideally adjusted to pn j
tect the man who does the narc -
,,,., i.i hiv mnrtfi more than Perlman,
will make. But he died without w3
a cent out of the process which doM
nothing less than mane mo "".. r--
ture posolble. For years tho Rev. Harml-j
bal Ooodwln, of Newark, toueu utv. t -j
.. ..,!,, i ir- n substitute for JB i
cumbersome heavy glass plates used l
maxing ceuuwra i"- - v
sensltlied for the camera. In hU gffi
.. , hit unon the idea of the n ,3
film, but that waa before the dy w
"movies." He died poor ve ?!
ago. But after his death the compan?
suea me -"- .4. O00.QM
case was aeitieu " y-- mj
this the pa.stor'8 widow received a e
tt nniMT (IF VIEW
T,'rnire.M.i v - s.
t. a .a ? r'litSS.Mi
We Shasta0? tahnrerunU &
. ,L ,m of roveroweal
The-j comnHEBiuM . elect -?w
-T.71l'1 Jf!mlss nerSl
Snbt. contro m the hands of yU
rn0ore0dangerou, than when f
Zd!ftresTmon.y.Ne York -
j, u. th affairs of iSS
BrTutnTa'va b7.a successful only in
If the lord? ofraUrul bad tag
tVi British empire m j " :"tm
me " .;r7ji.i.i.,ion and deafl
stralgV Vw? ;-; rj - J
r . . wahinton Poat. 1