Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, April 06, 1916, Page 10, Image 10

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    K"r rA-r.-r.-r-r,
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CtRUS If. It. fcURTIS, Fbsist.
, Cnrts IM.unlngton, Vice resident! John C. Martin.
Pecfttarr and Tttinwi Thlllp B. Collins, John B.
.Williams. Directors,
Crtri If. K. coins, Chairman.
y. K. vrtiM.Br, Editor
K JOHN C. MARTIN.. i..n. General Business Manager
. Published daily nt rnauo limb nuiiaing,
, Independence Square, Philadelphia.
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ir subscription terms
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i W AiAr!9 nit am. m. ., n fv. tf am tn K-,f,
ledger, independence Square, iVHaWelpfifa.
tXTtniD ii tub nm.itirj.rniA rosrorrics is sdcond-
They never arc atone that arc accompanied
with noble thoughts. Sir Philip Sydney.
b, At his present rato of action Pnticho Villa
'ougui to oo invading uuatcmaia uy noxt 'rues
lay noon or thereabouts.
... Mrs. Joseph Fels, who declines to talk nbout
her experiences as a Ford peaco pilgrim,
seems to bo nbout the only membor of the
noted party who has tho gift of silence.
Mr. "Wilson did not havo to go to tho tlicatro
.In Washlncton to son Urviin exhibited In tho
I follies of 1915, but ho waited till ho saw his
whilom Secretary of Stato burlesqued on tho
stago beforo laughing at him In public.
f .How unkind!
1 Tho Colonel started voting tho Progressive
ticket nt tho Ovfltni- Rnv nrlmnrlPH lipfnrn
8 o'clock In tho morning and did not llnlsh
until after 6 o'clock at night, thereby setting
a good example to tho members of his rapidly
disappearing party.
Brander Matthews has written an arttclo
for tho April Bookman entitled "Writing In
Haste and Repenting nt Leisure." Wo havo
not read it, but If Professor Matthews has
begun to write his confessions ho has got
himself Into an admlrablo Lonten stato of
I .mind.
uormany neither nt this tlmo nor at any
, time in tho futuro contemplates aggression
Ingalnst tho United States," said von Beth-
Imann-Hollweg yesterday. "Why not? Is this
Itho last Insult which Germany Is throwing In
pur teeth? This country has as much right to
io Invaded as any other country and wo will
tianlc our German friends to remember that!
seriously, isn't tho Chancellor taking a
BreaCdeol of slush for tho real thing? '
Tho swtftlje- moving, energetic action of
American troops is something we nro always
taking for granted, and even Colonel Dodd's
spectacular dash Into Mexico did not surprlso
his countrymen. In fact, anything elso would
havo hurt their prldo Intolerably. The courage
"and cfllciency of the troops now engaged In
tho Mexican expedition are reassuring and
ought to gtvo the critics of tho army pause.
"JThoy aro right who demand an adequato army,
but they are very wrong who couplo with this
demand attacks upon the honor and tho ability
of the troops now enrolled.
.. In tho minds of a great many Camdenltes
-this city Is a very necessary suburb to bo
'reached by ferries which always start from
Camden and always end there. In vaudeville
'wo havo our little joko about tho city across
tho river Isn't it, after all, tho province of
.New Jersey to supply vaudeville Jokes fo"r
Broadway 'and Chestnut street? But its Im
portance Is known here, and It is not for us
'-that the "What We Make Here" exposition
Is to bo held In Camden from May 18 to May
7. It Is, also, for the rest of tho world. If
tho light vein is not dried by too much
business, why dpesn't Camden advertise the
show with an emendation of Lewis Carroll's
immortal rhyme, thus:
"The time has come," the Camden said
"To speak of many things.
Of soups and ships and furniture
And phonographs and Kings."
Tho death of George W. Smalley In London
R at tho ago of 2 removes ono of tho most
r --distinguished American Journalists of his time.
E He was not an editor, but a special corre
spondent, serving tho New York Tribune In
"that capacity in London for about 30 years.
.-Then ha was the American correspondent of
the London Times for a while, returning later
.to tho Tribune. Ho interpreted European
politics for American readers In a most
masterly mantjer. Becauso of his ability to
-understand great questions of publla concern
line was welcomed by British statesmen when
F. be wished to consult them. He talked with
.thera as an equal and they discussed matters
with him In the confidence that he would
respect all the proprieties in what he wrote.
He came to be a sort of an unofficial American
ambassador to the Court of St. James. Mr.
Smalley was an honor to his profession and
did credit to tho country of hs birth.
Another step has been made by the Uni
versity of Pennsylvania in the limitation of
medical students, Two years ago a college"
degree was made part of the requirement for
entrance to the Medical School. Now the
board of trustees purposes to limit the number
of flrst-year students to 100, instead of opening
the course to all who satisfy the requirements.
As the hundred are to be chosen from all
applicants In competitive test, an obviously
Pggher standard of graduates can, in the end,
B expected. That Is an advantage, and the
Hploser attention which the students will re
Vcelva, may also i expected to work out for
m the good of the communities they will serve.
W But there Is an economic law about study as
4 there Is about other social phenomena. With
tk put questioning- the wisdom of the trustees'
decision it may be asked, What will become
of those who do not enter the University?
They will go to other schools, possibly to
uhoofs not so well equipped as the University,
Sane! will come out of those schools doctors
with less of the fundamental training than
tjsey should have. A second-rate scholar
f tttnc4 in a flrst-rate school is preferable to
ft iW4-rate scholar trained la a second-rate
clioo! Fortunately there are other Instlti-
tm of mel(al learning In Philadelphia i
which nro by no means Bccond-rnto. But It Is
n pity that tho University cannot enlargo Its
medical department nml open Its door to nil
who como.
No power under beaten ran Iteep n elljr
Hunted In tho snutlienMern corner of IVnn
nylrnnln from gronllt In imputation nnd In
iluslr.r. It Is not merely cruilo expansion
Hint must be, tho destiny of PMIndetplilitl
that expansion will lio unstable nml cten
timleslrnbls If It Is not part nml parcel of n
profound nnd fnr-seelmr pollcs of social.
Industrial, snnllnry, educational nml nrtlstlo
A CITY Is a social organization that, llko n
man, has a llfo of its own. Independent to
a certain extent of its surroundings or vari
ous parts. I.lke-a man It can survive heavy
losses, comparable to tho amputation of n
limb; or It can "tnko on weight," put on
emtio musclo or fine, train down Its fat nnd
nssumo healthier tlssuc, accompanying thli
process sometimes with beneficial political
Also, llko a man, It has stages of growth
call them tltrco In number. Tho end of tho
first stago camo for Philadelphia when sho
looked nround har and tightened tho untrained
members, which wero tho villages and country
roads that Joined them, Into tho conscious
singleness of her untiled purposo. That was
tho end of her childhood. Tho second stngo
Is ending today. Sho has learned her full
powers; bIio has completed her youth, nnd
sho la to put nwny childish things,
It Is truo that nt this, tho beginning of her
third stago, tho city can count over with
complacency tho amazing list of her souices
of wealth; tho wealth of tho wealthiest of
States gravitates to her, nml tho sea with Its
call of commerce waits at her door. But ho
is n fool who says wo nro fated to prosper;
thoro Is to bo no fatalism In tills growth, no
trusting to tho Inevitable, or wo die. Nothing
is lnovltnblc. Tho Mesopotamia!! meadows aro
littered with dead Philadelphia, whoso ruins
aro too haso to shelter Turk and Christian,
now fighting there, from carh other's bullets.
Susa, Babylon nnd NInovoh wero fatalistic;
they wero "destined to bo great;" nnd whoit
they ended their second stngo of growth they
dlod. They looked to no third stngo as tho
greater Western world did. They went tho
way of dreaming, pagan Asia.
Cities must seo their futuro sets It con
cretely, or they will havo no future.
Chicago, wit'.- a population of 500,000 In the
'80s, provided beforo they camo for tho 50,000
that wero rushing to her yearly. Streets that
wero llttlo moro than country roads wore
lighted as brightly ns those In tho heart of tho
city; streetcar lines ran In paved thorough
fares whero thcro wero farms; o tho 50,000
kept on coming, nnd brought more.
In making Its Investments for thn futuro a
city cannot daro to lag behind private corpo
rations nnd citizens; yet sober-minded nnd
wary chiefs of corporations tako far moro
daring financial risks than Philadelphia docs.
Wo aro taking n great though lato strldo lit
establishing a modern sewcrngo system; but
tho Initial cost of a few millions Is on a par
with what many a private corporation could
Invest without ucaiing bankruptcy; nnd yet
this investment Is an essential to tho futuro
health of a whole big city. Tho way for n
city to bo Independent of and outstrip lawless
corporations, whether they bo composed ot
political cliques or ruthless financiers dab
bling in public utilities, Is to go beyond them
In making sound Investments.
Tho city ot tho futuro will havo great
breathing spaces "lungs" that shall purify
tho blood by tho arteries of boulevards. Prl
vato capltV often clears a block without
wincing. Cannot a great city afford to do It?
And tho corporation may go to tho wall; but
though the city's investment may llo fallow
ten years, It Is suro to reap a harvest in tho
long run. Suggest to a Now Yorker to cut
up Ccntrnl Park into building lots nnd seo
what ho says. Who can estlmato tho "valuo"
of Logan Square ot Rlttenhouso Squaro?
They nro worth moro than millions; they nro
worth lives.
The city of tho future that Is, tho city of
today, plus an imagination sees for Itself
better and bigger schools than It needs now,
and builds them; better and bigger libraries
than It has now, and builds them. Has It
one of the greatest orchestras In America?
Let It bo brought to tho people who cannot
now afford tho idealism of great music. Sleet
ing places, improved housing for tho people,
whether they uso the facilities nt first or not,
nre ordered by that city, for If thero Is to bo
tho loyalty to a city that It needs in order to
live, how can that loyalty bo better trained
than by tho city an a unit providing for its
children, Instead of letting them dingily pro
vldo for themselves piecemeal?
The city Is to make tho largest loan In its
history five or six times larger than any
other on Its record. It Is not really a loan; It
is a modest investment to a mind that can
comprehend what a big city is, For theso In
vestments are made In transit, port develop
ment and tho other public needs precisely ns
tho investment in essential machinery is mado
by a manufacturer. The manufacturer must
invest or go out of business. Tho city must
invest or decay.
BOTH of the preparedness bills beforo Con
gress provide for enlarging the regular
army nnd federalizing the National Guard,
Congress has power to enlargo the nrmy
and to provide for such nn army reserve as
in Us Judgment seems wise.
It has no power to federalize tho National
Guard. The National Guard Is a State forco
under command of officers appointed by tho
States. It must be trained in and by tho
States. The powers of Congress over it are
limited and defined by the Constitution.
An attempt Is making to bribe the States
to surrender their control over the State
forces by the offer of federal pay for the
militia. Its success depends entirely upon tho
consent of the States, a consent that could be
withdrawn at any time.
The believers In real preparedness in the
Senate and the House will demand that the
plan for enlarging the regular army and tho
plan for federalizing the National Guard be
considered In separate bills, so that the Na
tional Guard plan can be discussed on Its
merits, entirely apart from the regular army
plan. As It stands there Is danger that the
uninformed will be misled Into believing that
the Chamberlain and Hay bills provide for a
great reserve citizen army. In reality they
provide for no such things and can provide
for no dependable reserve army made up ot
State troops so long as the Constitution is
There are men In Washington who are
willing to fool the country into bcllovlng that
adequate preparation has been made for na
tional defense on land. But Intelligent citi
zens who know better are expected to punc
ture the bubble of deception and turn (he
hght oa the attempted fraud.
Tom Daly's Column
IT HAS been said that James Riley, When
ho found himself started on his headlong
career as a poet, stuck tho Whltcomb Into tho
middle of his nnmo for ballast. Wo don't
know what the "W" stands for In James V.
Foley. It may bo Walllngfonl. At any rato
ho writes:
"A column a day
Wastes tho brains nil away I
When your brains havo all worn out and
you nre clinging to tho Saturday night lamp
post of your llfo In a completo Intollectual col
lapse, I will hunt you up and domicile you In
n home for nged poets that I purpose to endow
out of my earnings from tho Muso."
Well, no wonder! He's had tlmo enough, If
wo may bollovo tho circular (with his hand
somo fnco on tho front of It) that his platform
manager sends out. Let's seo what It says:
Whero did ho got his understanding of
human nntiiro? Ho spent 35 yenrs on tho
Western frontier, was threo years on tho
rango (that's 38), 18 yenrs In dally news
paper work (that makes 50), secretary to
two governors (say, 8 yenrs more, that's
64), Pott arnnd Master of Mnsons (that's
32, isn't It? That makos !)G); has been
managing editor of a dally newspaper (and
nothing ages ono llko that but flguro It
out for yourself).
WR NRVI3R really believed that poets ever
made tho fabulous fortunes some of them
claim, but now we're glad to hear that some
body did; and that reminds us of a bit of
Foley's verso:
Once when tho kitchen wits till scrubbed so Clean,
The lloor was Just shiny ns ercr was seen;
When wo was nil plnyln' outdoors In tho Rtrcct,
Somebody went In with tho muddiest feet
And tracked It all over tho lloor just a sight.
And my, when wo saw It wo Just shook with
'Cause notio of us children was near It nil day;
Hut John, ho ain't pealrt, and lio went right
Wlillo all of us children wo runned off and hid,
And then ho said, ".Ma, see what Somebody did"'
And nil of us children wo riiimcd oft nnd hid,
'Cause wc don't know who duiio It, but Somebody
sualIj i itnrunxr
Uoc.1 the Hose tlmt Jnilc.t resume its Glow,
And Youth tread hand fit hand with Ape;
Docs the Tide stay still and never Flow
And Time write all on one lone 1'apcF
Then I'll return, then I'll rcturnl
Shall tlio coast which Fault spring brown again,
Tlio same surf roar by rim of sea;
Shall the rocks bo there ns they wero then,
Tlio face nnd heart, tho hearth nnd tree?
Then I'll return, then I'll return!
Shall the road bo thcro which leapt away.
Through arching ticca to calling Joy;
Shall tlio night glldo down with lang'rous gray
Ami hum Its songs unto that boy?
Then I'll return, then I'll returnl
Shall tho old ash comb tho streaming breeze.
My swnllows lllght It past tho wind:
Shall tlio salt spray leap far over leas
To carry yarns of far-off Ind?
Then T'll return, then I'll returnl
Shall the Fame plum trco bo flowered athrong.
In fragrant Joy o'er Spring's return;
Shall tho larks still spray the old sweet song
In raro dueta besldo that burn?
Then I'll return, then I'll returnl
Shall the lilts bo learned nround tho hearth.
And strolled with all that lilting glee;
Shall tho lads be back from over earth
With faco aglow to welcome mo?
Then I'll return, then I'll returnl
When the Itloom that dlrs resumes Us llay
And Youth sails back Its course to Me;
When the Days return a long spent Way
And I with selfsame eyes shall See
Then I'll leturn, then I'll return!
, Anagram Contest
WHILE wo were napping tho other day that
old "Presbyterian Best in Prnyer" ana
gram was slipped across on us. Wo repeat:
Only new nnd original anagrams will bo con
sidered. Hero's n good ono that's Just como to
hand (G. M. being tho Initials of tho maker
of the harmony) :
And hero nro somo more:
v. M. A. O. P.
Th. Atsall.
And tho answers to yesterday's:
Tod.iy'a nvcMNO Lnnnnn.
The Ptnr-Snangled Banner.
Kalter Wllhelm.
Ifueo Munsterberff.
Monroo Doctrine.
Musical Triolets
(Most of them Knock.turns,)
At ncrtrand A. Austin
I holler "Oh! hello!"
Come, winds, nnd blow frost In
At Bertrnnd A. Austin!
When practlco cxlmustln'
Keeps him at his cello,'
At Bertrand A. Austin
I holler "O! hello!"
Ann Aybqr O'Hlzzcn.
Oh, say, sir (tec hec), you haven't been playing
that Indoor game of mlno (heel heel ha ha),
have you? Eli? Don't you remember what I
told you about matching up today's Quiz
with yesterday's answers In the "What Do
You Know?" Column? Oh, look (tea hee!) at
the one that's in today:
8. What Is the average depth of the Atlantlo
S. Thirty-five feet at high water and 30 feet
nt low.
P. Kile.
The Devil's Advocate
(As Helnrlch Schoener was saylns yesterday when
we rudely Interrupted him)
WHEN, back In the early seventies. Dad Rem
ington perfected the typewriter, he filled a
long-felt want, but here and there you will
meet an Insect generally an old-timer wlio will
not learn to operate a typewriter, who scorns to
use other than the carbon of an are light and
whose feverish efforts look like a cross between
the last will and testament of Confucius and
the bill of fare of a Fatagonlan hash house
and then some! That's the answer! He is the
geezer who causes the gray matter in the
printer's bean to rattle around like peas In a
gourd. He's the performer that's forever trying
to put over a "Horace Greeley" on the typo.
Ever hear of Greeley and his "handsome hand?"
It's a trade secret, but I'll let you In.
Horace wrote kuunythumb. But one type
sticker In New York could decipher Horace's
copy, and he was the fastest two-fisted booze
dreadnought that ever cruised the Bowery, He
was tolerated only because ot his peculiar gift
of "making sense" of the Greeley copy. One
day, however, his package slopped over on
Horace and the Trlb chief showed him the
way out. Mr. Greeley gave vent to his over
wrought feelings by writing down all the mean
things he could remember the souse had pulled
and it took him some time to write the epistle
and signed his name and slipped it to the
drunk on his way to the door. The document
helped th souse to another Job. Ha used .Jt
as a .recommendation, which worked for -fne
very simple reason that while the Greeley signa
ture was as well known as the head of the
dame on a dime, the rest of it was like the
Choctaw sign language to the new boss.
And there are a.few bram department buis
trying to go II Gifcjna better.
Ohio Man Who Has Been Ten Years
in the Consular Service in Vari
ous Parts of World Is Now
in Mexico
OF SPECIAL agents of tho United States
In Mexico thero havo boon many, nnd tho
latest is Colonel J. Linn Rodgers. Pending
tho assumption by Henry P. Fletcher of the
full duties of Ambassador to Mexico, It Is Colo
nel Rodgers who represents tho Stato Depart
ment beforo tho Carrnnza Government. Prob
ably this servlco will contlnuo soveral weeks.
Colonel Rodgers Is a Columbus man not
Columbus, N, M., but Columbus, Ohio, For 10
years ho hits been In tho diplomatic servlco
of tho United States, representing American
Interests In China, Cuba nnd elsewhere. In
1907 ho was appointed Consul General nt
Havana after a record of exceptional accom
plishment In tho Far East. His designation
ns special ngont nnd assignment to tasks of
conslderablo difficulty and delicacy surprised
nobody who knew tho man nnd his record.
This is not his first exporlonco In having now
nnd unlooked-for tasks thrust 'upon hlmi bo
causo of his familiarity with tho Spanish
American habits and tompernment. In recent
years ho has been sent to Honduras nnd
again to Yucatan to straighten out delicate
matters In which tho American Government
had a vital interest.
Colonel Rodgers was accredited to Havana
after ho had served two years at Shanghai.
Ho now has been in tho consular servlco long
enough to bo protected by tho civil servlco
regulations nnd probably may contlnuo as
long as ho finds tho servlco pleasant. In a
varied llfo ho has remained In this work
longer than any other. Noxt to that stands
his Columbus newspaper career.
From Journalism to Politics
After ho had finished his schooling and had
tried his hand at first ono thing nnd then
another, ho took a position in the editorial
office of tho old Columbus Times. Ho did not
profess any special aptitude for tho work that
developed after he got started. Ho had been
working for tho old Consolidated Street Rail
way Company. Ills father, tho lato Major
A. D. Rodgers, was tho president of tho
company and tho lato Henry T. Chittenden
was ono of tho principal officers. Mr. Chit
tendon wns financially interested in the
Times. So young Rodgers got a chance to
try out his energies In tho field of Journalism.
Ho succeeded so well that ho soon had nn
opportunity to continue his careor on tho
Dispatch. Beginning as a reporter in 1889
he advanced to bo managing editor in 1895,
which witnessed tho beginning of his political
career. In 1890 he became secretary to Gov
ernor Bushnell, of Ohio, nnd continued in that
capacity through four years. It was then
that tho honorary tltlo of colonel was affixed
to his name.
His newspaper work had served to In
troduce him to tho chief executive nnd his
family connections served to cement tho
relationship. Tho father of J. L. Rodgers was
u friend of Governor Bushnell In tlio days
when both wero working for a career in
A. D. Rodgers, of Springfield, married Eliza
Sulllvnnt, of Columbus, nnd thoy went to
live in the old Sulltvant home, which used to
stand well back from Broad Street at the foot
of what Is now the Columbus Stato Hospital
hill. Tho magnificent doublo row of trees
which still exists led up to their house.
Thero tho Rodgers children wero born, James
Linn in 1801. There nro three other brothers,
W. S. S., A. Dennis nnd Archibald nodgers.
Thero wero also four sisters, threo of whom
aro living, Mrs. J. H. Roys, of Columbus;
Mrs, Elliott, of Cleveland, and Mrs. Albert
J. Dlbblee, of San Francisco.
Columbus was several sizes smaller then
than now. When Jame3 Linn was 11 years
old his father built and occupied the house
on East Broad street where the family of the
Consul General resides at present.
Colonel Rodgers' education was received in
the public schools of Columbus and at the
Ohio State University.
Ir Many Climes and Countries
Between his service in the State House and
the beginning of his consular career there was
a lapse of five years. For the first half of that
period Colonel Rodgers was associated with
the Buckeye Malleable Iron Company, Later
he helped to organize the Ohio Malleable Iron
Company, which has since been taken over
by the Jeffrey interests.
The appointment to consular duties came
through an agreement of Senators Dick and
Foraker, who then swayed the destinies of the
State. President Roosevelt is said to have re
marked that he would appoint any man that
these two could agree upon. And so the ap
pointment was made. Mr. Foraker had long
been a warm friend of Colonel Rodgers.
In 1893 Colonel Rodger and Fannie C. Fay,
of this city, wero married. They havo two
children, Cecelia Rodgers, who has been nctlvo
In tlio Children's Hospital work, nnd James
Linn, Jr., who Is now at AV'llllnms Coltcgo.
Tho exigencies of business and tho variety
of climates encountered havo operated to ln
terfcro with tho homo life of tho Rodgers fam
ily. When conditions havo permitted thoy
havo mado their homo in tho places to which
tho work of Colonel Rodgers has taken him.
Business has taken Colonel Rodgers to Eu
ropo soveral times, nnd when ho returned from
Shanghai ho camo by way of Russia, thus
making a completo circuit of tho globe. At
the tlmo it was almost at record-breaking
Among his Intimates Colonel Rodgers 13
noted for his genial good nature, his comrade
ship, his lovo for travel and particularly for
camping, und his wldo and diversified Interests
In tho things of tho world. His habit of writ
ing has persisted In delightful correspondenco
with a number of friends, but tho fact that all
of his utterances In times llko tho present aro
necessarily tinged with governmental signifi
cance limits tho number of his letters, Tho
fow ho docs wrlto furnish abundant proof
that the nrt of letter writing Is not yet dead.
Ono of tho curious effects of tho war Is tho
shortage of domestic "help" In somo portions-of
this, country. Immigrants nro fewer nnd that
fact, of course, affects wages for houso servlco in
certain plnccs. Another interesting consequence
of the war Is seen f tho furniture market.
English craftsmvM who are tho makers of
furniture aro beaming by the cutting oft of
Oermnn exports to 'i United States. High-class
modern furnlturo ? now being shipped in vast
quantities to Now York, Philadelphia nnd other
places. Americans havo long been keen buyers
of old English furniture by Chippendale, Shera
ton and Ileppclwhito, but tho supply of examples
of this old furniture Is, necessarily limited, and
tho avcragn American householder Is contented
with the admirable copies that can bo obtained
at considerably less cost and that aro not sold
with tho Intention of being palmed oft as
The business In these copies Is chiefly In the
hands of a fow London dealers who have
branches In New York and elsewhere. The
modern furnlturo Is mado at various factories,
the highest class work being turned out In Buck
inghamshire, while similar work, but not quite
so good, Is done nt Tottenham.
Among the articles In most demand In America
aro chairs, settees, cabinets, bookcases, corner
cupboards, bureaus, screens, etc., constructed In
all kinds of woods. Thero Is also a demand for
fireplaces of the eighteenth century nnd later
dato as well ns for fire Irons, fire dogs and other
articles of tho fireplace. Tho curious result of
tho demand from America for modern furniture
Is that second-hand furnlturo In London auction
rooms Is selling at far higher prices than in
normal times.
To the r.ditor of Evening Ledger:
Sir The published announcement that I have
been nmniiintcu by tlio Democratic committee
ot Delaware County as Its candidate for State
Senator appeared before I had been notified of
the action ot the committee. The news was an
entire surprise to me. Had I been given the
slightest Intimation that my name was under
consideration as n candidate I should have pre
vented tho nomination. Thus I am
obliged to ask tho indulgence of your columns
that I mny stato that I have never been, am not
now and do not expect to be a candidate for
public office. My usefulness as a worker for
reform would bo Berlously impaired were I to
accept nomination for office. BIy serv
ices nre fully nt the command of any party or
I alliance that takes tho field against the whisky-
baturated, bribe-giving, homlnatlon-paper-lorging,
Jury-wheel-stutllng, Justice-debauching Organiza
tion in Delaware County.
Swarthmore, Pa.. April 4.
A humorous correspondent writes that our
quotation, "An apple n day keeps the doctor
away," was often used by a Berkshire County
(Massachusetts) character, and that he added,
"And an onion a day keeps everybody away."
Was this "character" possibly Josh Billings? It
will be remembered that that celebrated humorist
was a native of Lanesborough, Berkshire
County; nnd the odd turn of thought might
easily have been his. Outlook.
Curled In a maze of dolls and bricks
I find Miss Mary, aged six,
Blondly blue-eyed, frank, capricious,
Absorbed In her first fairy book,
From which she scarce can pause to look.
Because It's "so delicious!"
"Such marvels, too! a wo'ndrous boat
In which they cross a maglo moat
That's Bmooth as glass to row on
A cat that brings all kinds of things ;
And see I the queen has angel wings
Then Ogre comes" and so on.
What trash it Is! How sad to find
(Dear Moralist) the childish mind
So active and so pliant
Rejecting themes in which you mix v
For truths with pleaslrrg facts, to fix
On tales ot dwarf and giant I
In merest prudence men should teach
That cats mellifluous in speech
Are painful contradictions; '
That science ranks as monstrous things
Two pairs of upper limbs so'wlngs y
E'en angels' wings! are fictions!-
That there's no giant now but Steam:
That life, although "an empty dream,"
IB scarce "a land of Fairy!"
"Of course, I said all this." Why, no;
I did a thing far wiser, though
I read -the tale with Mary
, Austin DokMi.
What Do You Know?
Queries of general Interest will be answered
In this column. Ten questions, the answers
to which every well-informed person should
know, arc asked dally.
' 1, What nre the two cities In "The Tale of Two I
Cities" nnd who wrote the book?
2. Was the battle of Hunker Hill fought before
or nfler the signing ot tlio Declaration of
3. What Fenns.vlrnnln connty Is richest In
ngrlcultiirnl products?
4. Who Is 'Wlllinm Alden Smith?
fi. What Is "nn net ot sabotage"?
0. In what financial panic did .Iny Cooke fall?
When wns tho next great panto there
after? 7. How mnny grnlns of gold constitute the
stnndnrd of the dollar?
s. Who wns I'eggy Shlppen? AVhat street In
Philadelphia wan formerly known as
Shlppen street? N-
0. What Is tho nge requirement of Senators
nnd Representatives In Congress?
10. Who wns the Kaiser's mnternn! grand
mother? Answers to Yesterday's Quiz
1. Ground wan broken January 7, 1871, nnd
tho cornerstone laid July 4, 1874.
2. Albert of Ilelglum, Nicholas of Montenegro
nnd Teter of Servln. Tho flrnnd Duchess
of Luxemburg has been deprived of power
by the (lermnn occupation.
5. No. Ily the last census 004,050,010 pounds
n year wero mode on farms nnd 024,764,
033 In fnctorles.
4. No. She Inherits tho same nharo of Ills
estate sho would have received It he had
died lntestnte.
8. In nil except Arknnsna and Massachusetts.
In Maine it Is n bank holiday only.
0. Thirteen.
7. Nicholas Murray Butler.
8. 12,200 feet.
0. Twenty-one.
10. Hags and wood pulp.
Woodrow Wilson's Grandfather
Editor of "What Do. You Know" From what
country did the grandfather of President Wilson
come to the United States, and when?
James Wilson, father of the President's father,
came to this country from County Down, Irel.-ind,
in 1808, and tho Bev. Dr. Thomas Woodrow,
father of the President's mother, who was of
Scotch ancestry, came from Carlisle, England,
where he was pastor of a church, In 1835.
Waiting for a Quorum
Editor of "What Do You Know" The presl.
dent of nn association appointed a certain hour
of a certain day in which to hold a meeting. The
president duly presented himself at the appointed
hour, but, as "a quorum was lacking,, dismissed
the meeting. Ho waited for more than half an
hour for a quorum, but In vain. A few hours
later a quorum was present, but the president
was not there, and tho vice president, at the
instigation of the secretary, called tho meeting
to order. Elections were to be held nt the meet
'ng. Several newly admitted members were
allowed to vote at the same meeting In which
they wero admitted. Now, was the business
transacted at this meeting legal? Were the
officers thus elected legally elected? Can a mem
ber vote on the same day and at the same meet
ing In which he Is admitted? Your answer on
these questions will settle a dispute of long
standing. Tho bylaws of the association do not
cover these points, a. C.
These questions Involve the legal Interpreta
tion of the meaning ot the clauses In the con.
stltutlon and bylaws of the association. It
would be best for you to consult a lawyer.
A Burns Quotation
Editor of "What Do You Know" J am anx.
lous to learn the name of the author and tha
correct version of the verse about "seeing our
selves as others see us." As usually given, it
does not rhyme. JANE.
Burns Is the author of the quotation, and he
wrote, in "braid Scots," which does rhyme:
O wad some power the glttie gie us
To see oursel's as Ithers see us!
Finding a Publisher
Editor of "What Do You Know" I have a
book In handwriting and I cannot have It printed
for lack of money. Can you advise, some print
ing office or the way I can get It printed?
P. A. fj,
Submit your manuscript to a reputable imb
fisher. It he thinks it Is marketable he will
publsh it without cost to you and pay you
royalties on the eales
Ambassador and Minister
Editor of "What Do You Know" Will you
please tell me the distinction between an Am.
bassador and a Minister? (?) Of wha,t ranlc art
the American representatives in Brazil, Turaey
and Portugal? A. G. SYDNEY.
The Ambassador Is usually the representative
of the person of his sovereign or executive officer.
He is supposed to be in his closest confidence
and Is authorised to act for htm, dealing in
person with the sovereign or the executive of
the country to which he is accredited, An Ameri
can Ambassador, however, does not represent
the person of the President, but the,, United,
States. The Minister generally carries less au
thority. He Is usually empowered to settle all
questions of dispute, subject to the ratification ot
the government by which he la commissioned.
(?) In Bcazll and Turkey, Ambassadors; in Por
tugal, a Minister.
Answer to Puzzle
Editor of "What Do You, Know." "The answer
to the puzzle propounded by J. A. Anderson la
as follows, filling in the missing words with
As I passed by a GARDEN fair,
A hiss fell sharply on my ear;
Startled, I saw a GANDER there,
With others RANGED to rouse ray fear;
But DANGER there I did not see.
And on my way went quietly