Newspaper Page Text
EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, MARCH 30, 1916,
CITY OPPOSES TWINING SUBSTITUTE TEANSIT PROGRABt DEMANDS THE TAYLOR PLAN!
MAYOR ANNOUNCES HE WILL
NAME TRANSIT COMMISSION
Centtnned from Pure On
Dons for the extensions of tho high-speed
1 tramlt System and tho suggestion that tho
laro bo Increased to 6 or 6 cents were
ttrtced today by tho leaders In business
and civic organizations nnd others who
Jiavo been actlvo for months In the light
for tho adoption of tho Taylor transit
WHIla tho entire program of Director
Twining was denounced ns being only nn
Emasculated bobtail substitute for the
comprehensive system worked out by for
mer Director Taylor, the local tax and
the faro Increase phases of the Twining
vltftn tvtrn rAm1lmnpil In TiartlCUlnT.
Tho tendency In every large city In the
country Is to rcduco fares. It was pointed
out, while It la proposed for Philadelphia
to make a substantial Increase for a per
iod of 44 years. The special local tax for
local Improvements was characterized ns
CALLED BIIKAC1I OF FAITH.
The proposal to construct only the trunk
lines at the present time nnd to postpone
building all tho spurs until some indefi
nite future was condemned ns a breach
of faith with the people of those sections
who voted for the $6,000,000 transit loan
test year In the belief that they were to
bo directly benefited. ,,,..
The very complexity of the Twining
report, with Its maze of technical prob
lems, it wns ndmltted by nil, would post
pone direct criticism until careful study
could be given to the various details of
the new proposals. Councils' Finance
Commltteo will meet again tomorrow to
consider tho transit item in the municipal
t.nn nn,i hn Inndlnir supporters of tho
original Taylor plan believe that public I
,nlmnt will be definitely crystallized
against tho Twining modifications by that
TRANSIT M3ACJU1: AHOUSEP
The All-Philadelphia llapld Transit
League, which was organized two months
ago, when it was first hinted that the
Smith administration Intended to tear to
pieces the Taylor plan, announced today
through Horace V. MacFadycn, the presi
dent, that It would take a stand lnalter
ably opposed to the Twining proposals. A
meeting of tho Executive Committee of the
league will be held tonight or tomorrow
to consider a course of nctlon.
Tho statement made by Mayor Smith
at the flower show dinner at Horticultural
Hall, last night, that Ilroad street will be
tunneled from end to end and the city
will spend $60,000,000 on rapid transit In
the next four years, occasioned wide
spread speculation In transit circles today.
To reconcllo tho statement of tho Mayor
win the report of Director Twining, it was
admitted, was practically impossible.
Tho entire report of Director Twining
shows fundamental departures from the
Taylor plan. They are:
Flmt. Contraction by n, rtir of
prorrenslve tp fropi the centre of
. the city toward the suburb.
Second oraI aptnrnftmentii for tho
cooHtractlon of the spur beyond a
28-mlnuto street cur lone from City
Third. Cost ot hlcb-upced lines and
their support until profit-producing to
be borne by dlrrct tux on the car
riders, ini.tej.il of un Indirect tnx on
real etate. Thin would mean it car
fare above S cent until 1000, nnder
the Ktlmute of Director Twining.
Fourth. Specific rhange In the
construction procriw". Including the
change from a four-track to u two
track nubwny at City Hull, the reloca
tion of the station there, the nultltu
tlon of the Illdee avenue lee of tlin
loop for the Arch street leg. minor
changes on the southern leg of the
loop, nnd u rudlrnl rhnnira In locution
of the Darby derated line.
I " SUGGESTIONS HV TWINING.
The report urges tho following:
The Immediate construction of tho bob
tall subway in Broad street from Spruce
street to Erie avenue or Plko street. Thli
section. Twining estimates, will cost $18.
400,000 and can be In operation by 1920
If, work be begun promptly. Tho tube
would contain four tracks south to Ridge
avenue and two tracks from there to
The Immediate construction of a two
track loop from Broad street and Ridge
avenue, down Ridge avenue to Sth street,
on 8th street to Walnut street, on Walnut
street to 16th street. This section Is esti
mated to cost 7,200,000 and can be in op
eration in 1920.
The Immediate completion of the Frank
ford elevated frpm Front and Arch streets
to Bridge street, at a cost of $8,000,000.
and to be in operation early In 1918.
Immediate steps to -work out an agree
ment with tho Philadelphia Rapid Transit
Company, In order to determine how the
new lines will be operated before any
additional work is undertaken.
An Item of $35,000,000 for transit In
the new municipal loan abput to be
floated. The first two steps ot the con
struction program will cost only $25,000.
000, n addition to the $6,000,000 already
available. Director Twining, however. Is
asking for the additional $9,400,000 with
a view to beginning the construction of
the other branches before another muni
cipal loan Is floated.
That tho city decide nt once whether
it will handle the transit question on a
political or a business basis. The city
has come to the parting of the ways, the
Director declares, and the decision must
be made at once.
That a board of capable and locally dis
interested men be appointed to gv'Je
Councils in the transit question, should the
present report be rejected,
That all citizens drop personal preju
dice In connection with the transit prob
lem, and that tfr, burdens which will be
in proportion to the benefits be assumed
That the public's Insistence upon a
straight five-cent fare be temporarily
abandoned, and that arrangements be
worked put fpr a new fare system In 1921.
with Beven tickets for 40 cents, and sub
sequently nine tickets for 69 cents, and
a gradually increasing scale of fare
charges until the ideal of a universal
live-cent fare la at last realized.
The report poinU out 'that the Taylor
plan can be adopted In full immediately
it the people of Philadelphia are willing
to accept an average fare estimated not
. ' J 'TIS A FK.VT TD FIT FEET !!
For the Young Lady
Styles specialized for the growing foot
White Calf Boots are now the smartest
feminine footwear mode.
This ten-inch model U particularly grace
ful, with a White Ivory heel and a white
-welt sole. Bile ZU tp 7, AA to D. auto
fashioned In pearl grey or Havana brown
Such a boot appeals tq the Jeune Pi He
who want daintiness combined with a quality
IF you aro looking for ty!o
forecast; in footwear, our now
mode! aro pow on dUplsy,
to exceed 5V4 cents, beginning In 1921,
which will bo reduced gradually until
1960, or that tho alternative of a 12 per
cent. Increase In tho tax rale bo adopted.
LINES IN DRTAIU
Under the Twining plan tho various
lines would be built as follows:
North Broad Btreet line.
Subway, four tracks from Pike ttreet
south to nidgo nvenuc nnd two tracks
south to ftprnco street Cost. $18,400,000.
To be built by city Ready for operation
In 1920. Fqulpment to be furnished by
lessee. Extension:) from Plko street to
Olncy avenue, costing $4,300,000; north
east branch on boulevard, costing $1,G00.-
000. To be built at later date by city
with funds ralsod by local assessment.
South Broad street llni:
Subway, two tracks to Oregon avenue,
to bo built by the rlty at future dale; cost
$2,600,000; equipment to be furnished by
lessee. Extension south to Lcaguo Island,
costing $700,000, to be built nt Indefinite
date by city with funds raised by local
Subway, two tracks, from Broad street
iimlnr Hideo avenue, under 8th street, un
der Walnut street to SCth street. To be
built by city nt cost of $7,200,000. Ready
for operation by 1920. Equipment to be
furnished by lcsseo.
Elevated railway, from Front and Arch
streets to Bridge street, to be built by
city at cost of $6,000,000. Ready for
operation by 1918. Equipment to be fur
nished by lessee. Extensions to Rhawn
street, costing $1.SOO,000. and to Uybcrry,
costing $1,600,000, to bo built by city nt
later date with funds raised by local
Elevated railroad, to be built by city In
future. South Broad street. Federal .ttreet.
Woodland avenue to citv Hue; cost.
$6,600,000. Equipment to be furnished by
lessee. Extension beyond city line to be
built with funds raised by local assess
ment Northeast line.
Subway-elevated, to be built by city nt
future date, Parkway, 29th street to Hunt
ing Park avenue; cost, $6,200,000. Equip
ment to be furnished by lessee. Exten
sions: To Roxborough, costing $1,800,000,
nnd to Germantown, costing $2,100,000, at
later date and with funds inlscd by local
Chestnut street line:
Considered but not definitely recom
mended unless an operating agreement
could not be secured with tho Philadel
phia Rapid Transit Company.
Recommended built by Independent
company and leased to P. R T. Company.
The totnl cost of nil tho lines, with the
exception of the Chestnut street subway
and tho famden tube, under tho Twining
plan, would be $59,200,000.
A number of points in the Taylor
transit plan Director Twining regards ns
defects or at least as unwise. Summarized
from their presentation in the report they
The undertaking of tlie wtiole con
struction program nt once during an
era of abnormally high prices nnd be
fore un operating agreement for the
stein has been worked out.
The financing entirely by city funds
of tlir construction of branch lines lu
outlying sections where the trnltlc does
not immediately warrant such outlay.
The diversion from the city treas
ury of money to pay for the dellrlts
In Interest and sinking fund charge
on rlty bonds Issued to puy for the
The location of certain lines anil
stations In the business district unci
the method of routing trains.
The proposal for u universal S-ccnt
fare at this time.
The proposal that the rlty shall
transfer nil excess cost of service
over the revenue ilerlvcd from u 0
cent fure to Hie reul estate taxes of
the city, up to the full cush require
ments of Its bonded Interest nnd sink
The two hitter fentures of the
Tit) lor plan Director Twining holds
are fallacious In principle und so
cialistic in theory.
A recognition of the fact that City
Councils shall determine when and
where high-speed lines be built nnd
how they sbull be llnunred. This
proposal Director Twining regards as
dangerous because It recognizes a po
lltlcul control of whut Is a highly
complex business problem In trans
portation. The solution of the fare phase of the
transit problem, Director Twining suggests,
should he worked out with tho Public
Service Commission and that the follow ing
clause be Inserted In the lease of tho
"Before the operation of any part of
the complete system of rapid transit lines
Is begun the question of the proper fare to
be charged In order to meet the cost of the
service rendered shall bo reviewed and Its
proper amount determined by the Public
Service Commission of the State of Penn
sylvania, and the lessee and tho Depart
ment of City Transit shall work out the
details. This fare, when adjusted, shall
be subject to reduction when cost of serv
Of the fare element he asserts that
the proposition to build tho proposed lines
out of city funds largely arises from a
vague Idea In tho public mind that If the
city bullda then a 6-cent fare will render
lhe service profitable now. This, he adds,
is a misconception, for the fact that the
rider pays only 5 cents does not prove that
the fare la sutllclent to support the Bervico.
THE QUESTION OF FARES.
"Citizens should not delude them.
selvis," he continues, "into the belief that
me average fare Is only 5 cents now
and that it will be only 6 cents with the
city as a partner In tho enterprise, not
withstanding that It may be bo agreed
upon and stated in the leabe, because they
must pay the full fare In one shape or
anuther. whatever It may be. as long aa
the operator of the lines remains solvent.
The mere fact that the rider does not pay
it on the car should not blind him to the
fact that the cost of service must be and
always Is paid In full In somo way.
"In the case of port development, where
the city Is In competition with other cities
for foreign and domestic shipping and
f -; Priced
Mayor for Subway in Four
Years and for Delay Plan
Mayor Smith, In two scpnrate
statements, last night declared the
subway will be built the entire
lenjrth of Broad street, that $50,
000,000 will be spent on rapid
transit during the next four yenrs,
that the Department of City Tran
sit should be abolished and that it
should be replaced with a Com
mission on Transit The Mayor
made these statements!
At the flower dinner at Horti
Wo are going to dig up
Broad street from end to end.
We expect to spend $50,000,
000 in the next four years on
n rapid transit system tfor
Philadelphia that will not bo
equaled in any city in the
After the Finance Committee
meeting of Councils:
When I henrd Director
Twining's report on transit
this afternoon, I felt con
vinced there should bo a com
mission to handle the develop
ment of our transit plans. The
present nrrangement permits
too muih responsibility to de
volve upon one man's shoul
ders. Tho burden is too great.
We are in the midst of a great
project, requiring c a u t i o n,
care and the benefit of more
than one man's experience. A
Commission on Transit is
what we should have, and not
a Department of Transit.
where many factors In tho problem are
external to the city and not In Its control,
there may well bo city ntd In Its develop
ment. "The transit problem, however. Is nn
Internal problem, of local Interest only
n monopoly of local transportation wholly
within tho city's control and containing
within Itself all the means needed for Its
solution. No financial aid need bo ex
tended by tho city If the public Insistence
upon the B-ccnt fare be temporarily aban
doned. "As shown elsewhere In this report,
should the comprehensive system be built
at a cost of, say, 60,000,000 and be In
operation in 1921. as per plan N'o. 1C of
tho 1915 annual report of the Department
of City Transit, under the terms assumed,
tho resulting carfare Is estimated to bo
about 6.59 cents, which is about 8 per
cent, higher than tho present faro of
5.16G cents, or 12 per cent, higher than
the Ideal C-ccnt fare.
"If the 'progressive step" program,
herein outlined, be adopted, and steps Xos.
1 and I be In use In 19-1, under the same
nssulnptlons, tho fare rcaulrcd has been
estimated at 5 30 cents about 3 per cent.
Increase above tho present fare.
"All propositions heretofore submitted
have been on the assumption that under
the lease of these lines to the Philadelphia
Itapld Transit Company the city would
nssume all excess faro over G cents up
to tho limit of full Interest nnd sinking
fund on tho bonds Issued for the con
struction ot the lines, thereby paying
about 12 per cent, of tho carfares of the
riders In 1921.
"Provision should bo mado In tho lenso
for tho corresponding Increase In tho
city tnx portion of tho faro as more lines
are added. It should bo understood that
tho figures Just given aro for Illustrating
the principle only. The portion of the
faro representing the city's tax is levied
to meet the Interest on bonds Issued to pay
for tho new rapid transit lines. It should
be collected by the lessee nnd turned
Into the city's treasury exactly as In the
case of tho lease of the city's gas works.
This tax should produce the revenuo
needed to meet the city's obligations
"All the subway and elevated lines
included in the 'Taylor Plan,' with
only such changes as I have suggested
regarding the City Hall section and
the loop, can be built and the two
systems uniticu witiiout any increase
in the tax rate, if the people are will
ing to pay an average fare estimated
not to exceed 5?4 cents commencing
in 1921, which will take care of the
city's interest and sinking fund
charges. This fare may be reduced
gradually until it reaches 5 cent3
"City transportation." says Mr. Twin
ing. "Is essentially a monopoly and Is not
suitable for a competitive business." He
makes this highly significant assertion In
the declaration that by legislative mis
takes the transportation problem of the
city has been complicated. In the flrBt
place, he declares, it was a mistake to
give the original passenger railways ex
clusive use of the city's streets with a very
lndeflmto provision for a recapture of the
Under this general head of "mistakes"
Easter is less than a month distant.
Little time enough to order Spring clothes, but
sufficient to insure careful fit and construction
by the most skilled of master tailors.
A few minutes given to selection and measure
ments now will insure against disappointment
and delay later on.
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TAILORS 1527 WALNUT ST..
Admirably conceived, faithfully executed the
foremost example of. real musical quality at
a moderate price the most active compet
itor of pianos sold at a half more. Pianos,
$275 to $350; Player-Pianos, $450 to $800.
TODAY Hear the Edison Diamond
Disc Phonograph in our private rooms.
the Director then declares that a seduotlve
fenturo of tho present financial plana for
tho construction of the rapid transit lines
Is found In the proposal to Issue city
bonds under the provisions of the recent
act providing tor a life of SO years, the
payment of tho Interest and sinking fund
charges during tho period of construction,
and ono year thereafter, out of ther pro
ceeds of the bonds themselves, and a
gradual sinking fund all feature") ex
pected nnd Intended to 'place as much of
tho burden ns possible on posterity. The
seductive feature Is In the fact that the
burden will not bo realized until possibly
four years nftcr the Hues arj authorized.
hOCHi TAX SUGGESTION.
An Idea entirely new In this city for
financing transit development, especially
development In the suburban districts, la
advanced by tho Director. It Is simply
tho proposition that outlying districts, or
sections which ohtaln elevated or subway
advantages, shall bo forced to pay for
them by extra taxation or assessment. He
advocates new legislation to this effect
Discussing this, the Director says:
"The principle of assessing the property
for at least a portion of the cost of the
cjty Improvements; necessary for Its mod
ern development is recognized In a more
or less complete form In Philadelphia. It
may bo well here to discuss Its application
to this trnnslt problem of Philadelphia nnd
show how localities benefited should divide
"Tho chief benefits resulting from tho
construction of rapid transit lines will
accrue to two zones of the city: (n) Tho
business district, which may hero bo de
fined ns the district contained within a
onc-milo radius drawn from 11th and
Market streets, nnd (b), tho districts lying
outside of n clrclo drawn with a radius
of four miles from tho same point The
middle zone lying between tho first and
four-mllo circles will probably be nffected
very little by these lines and only along
tho lines themsctvcB.
"As nil estimates of growth of popula
tion In Philadelphia show that within GO
years or less the population In Philadel
phia proper and tho vicinity will exceed
3,000,000, nnd inasmuch as the avallablo
land now lying within tho four-mile clrclo
la practically nil developed, excepting
south of Oregon avenue, the future growth
will bo largely distributed over tho area
outside of tho four-mile limit, nnd In this
district will occur the greatest rlso In land
"Tho district lying between tho one- and
three-mile circles will rccolve compara
tively little direct benefit from the build-
Ihi. n.,.1 miner. , In,. rt tl.aan linn, l,ltt ,linn
seems to be no feasible way of leaving this
BMnllnn et tVn nlti, nit, tt tbn -nlnlllnf (nn
as this land Is nlrcady Improved and
ffil.1. .ftll mrvirl nnw liv th.. lirpltnnt nllr.
face car system. Actually this zono should
carry but a small part of the burden, and
that part only on tho hcctlon lying along
nnd benefiting by the lines.
"Whllo the rapid transit lines will draw
Borne business from the territory lnsldo of
tho four-mllo circle, they must bo con
sidered in thnt zone ns trunk lines or
channels connecting the residential dis
trict with tho business district, nnd not
built primarily to serve tho intermediate
district, consequently these form the main
and terminal sections of tho system, and
may, therefore, bo paid for by general
bond Issue "
OPINION ON TRANSIT
Senator, En Route to New York,
Declines to Discuss Twin
Senator Penrose arrived at Uroad Street
Station at 1:05 o'clock this afternoon and
paid he would have to defer expressing his
opinion on Director Twlnlng's so-called re
vised trnnslt plan until tomorrow, because
ho would have to go to New York Im
mediately. "Do you think the same 'of Director
Twlnlng's plan ns ho presented It yester
day as you did In your statement of somo
weeks ngo7 Do you think It Is better
The Senator replied: "I have not read
the new plan and I do not feel competent
to. comment on It. As a matter of fact,
I have not even read about the plan."
"Then you didn't see what tho Phila
delphia papers said about It?"
The Senator held up a copy of the
North American Iloview and said:
"No, I was reading this. It was in
structive, though it may not have been
The Henntor was asked If ho intended to
confer with Senator James P. McNIchol
on transit and local politics In general, as
ns been reported from Waslngton. Ho re
plied that he did not Intend to confer
with anybody, either on transit or on Phil
adelphia politics. He also statci that he
would not go to his ofllce before taking
the train for New York.
Asked if he was colng to Now York on
political matters, he replied: "Possibly."
"Will you seo Colonel Ilooeevelt?" he
"I have no appointment with the Col
onel," he replied.
TWINING TRANSIT PLAN
NOT INDORSED BY ANY
NEWSPAPER IN CITY
Two Rap It, One Slurs It nnd
Three Other Editors
TAYLOR 'IDEAS DROPPED
Nono of the five Philadelphia morning
papers Indorses the transit plan of Direc
Two of them rap It heartily, ono slurs
It nnd two othcra nrguo ngnlnst It mildly.
The Kvcnlng Dulletln also says the sub
stitute plan will not do.
Tho Evening Telegraph mado no edi
torial comment on Director Twlnlng's plan
as presented to Councils' Finance Com
TlltJ PUBLIC LEDOlin.
In Its editorial tho Ponuc I.EDonn
It Is Important to notice, thnt whllo
Director Twining would compel the
outlying Bectlon to wait for trnnslt
facilities until the city can be author
ized to assess tho costs upon them,
ho makes no such condition npply to
the Frankfort! elevated line. Of
course, tho fact that tho Frnnkford
extension has alreudy boon author
ized by Councils, and Is In course of
construction, makes a difference; bill
tho further fact that this line Is tho
ono thnt will be most valuable to the
llapld Transit Company will not
escape observation. Jlr. Twining lays
great omphnsls upon tho Importance
of securing In advnncc of further
construction nn ngrcement for tho
operation of the rnpld trnnslt system
for which tho city's credit Is to he
given, but ho omits to lay equal em
phasis upon tho argument on which
Mr. Taylor depeneded most strongly,
namely, that the extensions "In being"
or In nctunl course of construction
would constitute the city's most potent
lever In securing for tho city n fav
orable agreement with tho Rapid
That corporation enn be counted
upon tn look nut for lUclff what tho
city especially nerdft N flomrbod3 to
bcc thnt It cctH JiiKt treatment from
the company. This wnB what tho Tay
lor plan aimed to secure; tho poplo
will Insist upon n like guarantee from
the present administration hefore they
shall consent to what nmounts to nn
abandonment of tho Taylor plan nnd
tho substitution of ono that falls far
behind it In most of tho csscntlon
Tho Inquirer condemns tho Twining plan
absolutely. It says, editorially:
Director Twining has produced his
They are bob-tall plans.
They nro drawn, not In the Inter
ests of the public, hut In tho Interests
of tho Knpld Transit Company.
Their tendency Is to get away from
anything like a universal D-ccnt rato
and discourage transfers. Instcatl of
decreased fare, ho Is driving Inevitn
bly toward an Increased fare actual
ly suggests It.
For developing purposes, rapid
transit should reach out Into undevel
oped territory nnd build It up, thereby
providing constantly growing busi
ness. The Director's proposition is to
There is no rnpld transit In It
It Is preposterous.
Tho Taylor plans considered tho
f "WHITE ' -
city ns n whole. The Twining plans
consider a small section of the city.
IT WILL NOT DO.
THE NORTH AMERICAN.
The North American, In n paragraph,
Director Twining thinks we may get
6-cent transfers In 1960. If Philadel
phia waits that long It doesn't de
sorvo to get them. .
' THE PRESS.
The Press takes up tho burden of the
outlying sections. In Its editorial It says!
Tho people will not so readily ap
prove tho abridgment of the trnnslt
plnn that gives Improved trnnBlt to
those central portions of tho city
which need It the least and lcavo tho
more distant wards to their pres
ent unsatisfactory service unless the
people living along the route of the
extended lines agree to pay for their
Whllo there Is a semblance of Jus
tice In this It Is not tho way cities aro
built up by rapid transit extension.
The Market street subway nnd ele
vated after Its completion saw a new
city nrlso around It In West Phlladet-i
phla nenr to the city line. On th,e
Twining plnn of construction by local
assessments we fear the elevated road
on Market street would never have got
much further west than 42d Btreet
Tho Record takes this editorial vlow:
For our part we nro free to confess
that we have not for somo time past
felt that the transit situation wns In
such shape that tho work necessary,
Including the passage of the loan bill,
nnd other commitments to n fixed
policy were beyond question. Un
doubtedly the apparent opposition of
Director Twining to pnrts of 'tho Tay
lor plnn ns disclosed several weeks
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PHILADELPHIA 216-220 North Broad Strefc
Director will add to .Tftafr lM
forming a correct Judgment 0
TIIB EVENING ntrt.T.tw...
Th Evening Bulletin, calilntr ih L
Plans unacceptable, says edltorIat?B,)M
director lwining's rccommenrt.ii .,
ns to the rapid transit problem i
wh eh tho neonlB hov kI .DIe,n. for
Ing many weeks, serve chlntlv t .a.H'
ate confusion and cause delay .ft
for thnt mun n,m i.. ... "c,y. and
to thetnojorlty of the duSS'i
will scrVe only to strengthen th.?
plans, under contracts awarded )?
be resumed and pressed to comBl.ii.L
with the least possible waste Till?
It Is now to bo said, In wmi.
that If tho transit Item In th. &
bill does not specifically pcatYft?
city to the fruition of 1h JSj
transit plans substantially &. iSl ,
gurated. and If It does not eirtctiwi.
guard against the operation of i-i
dilatory and complicating tactic t,
covered by yesterday's proceeding. i
City Hall, the loan1 will bo iffl
of defeat ' ,w
Spring Suite $f
To Measure Ywv
BRADBURN & NIGRO
Tailors to Particular Jflfch
Cor. 13th & Sansora
Suit 5 to 150
liE MMjf.-L ffwm gj r Shoea and Hosiery jl
"5j" CpOJMF ffig 3304.0S.pS Market St. j