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X PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
emus u. k. curtis, rwiDxT.
tharlefc It Ltrilntton, Vice President (John tt Martin,
ctr7 and Treasurer) Philip 8. Collins. John B.
editorial board t
Cut" II. K. Ccmij, Chairman.
T. IT, WHALET.. i. nn.. tjij ..... 4 . .Editor
JOHN C. MARTIN. .iti..Oenral Business Mananer
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PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, MARCH 10, 19H.
'"'My mind to me a kingdom Is;
Such present joys therein I flrid,
That It excels all other bliss
That earth affords or grows by kind.
THE CITY SHALL NOT BE
Tho so-called Twlnlns; plan Is rellr tha
- Mayor's plan. The Director of City Trnn-
" alt has been shorn of Importnnt powers
exercised by Ills predecessor. Tnllc of the
City Hnll station belnjr ilnnirerou Is n
lionx. The lonn bill must specify the new
lines nbsolntely or It trill be defeated
' , overwhelmingly.
THE tlmo has corno for citizens of Philadel
phia to understand a few things. Thoy havo
fbeon up against bunco cames before and on
hioro than ono occasion they havo seen their
vnluablo franchises handed over to private
jpersons. Tho city Is suffering yet from tho
unparalleled rapacity of franchlso-grabbers
tod tho criminal negligence of public repre
sentatives who failed In other days to protect
their constituents and openly or secretly de
frauded tho community.
, The so-called Twining substitute transit
plan Is on Its faco a deliberate effort to defeat
Iho desires of tho public and offer nn "Just as
good" a hastily conceived, mischievous and In
adequate system, a system likely to be out of
Klate before -well finished, a system In tho for
jnulation of which vision Is lacking, and tho
whole purposo of which Is to defeat Instead of
to procure real rapid transit
" Wo charge that the sudden effort to make
'It, appear that a subway under City Hall Is a
dangerous and unfeaslblo undertaking Is a
conspiracy puro and simple. Wo charge that
the Director of City Transit does not now be
llovo and never has believed that tho under
taking Is dangerous and opposed to sound en
gineering. We protest that tliero is no body
of reputable engineers In tho United States
Who would stultify their professional reputa
tlons by giving any such verdict.
What a mockery the work of tho commission
has been! These men consider for a few days
plans which It had taken months to formulate.
Although tho Public Service Commission had
passed on the plan and approved it, although
the best engineering skill In the country and
Mr. Twining himself had approved It, this
packed commission of tho Mayor's did not
jmmmon before It a single advocato of the
Jaylor plan, did not even ask tho former Di
rector to explain why he had planned as he
did plan, did not do anything, in fact, but an
nounce a decision practically prepared in ad
vance. The reason Is this: The so-called Twining
plan is not the Twining plan at all. The pur
pose not to have the station under City Hall
was not Mr. Twlnlng's purpose at all.
Tho Mayor of Philadelphia, at the very time
,when he was declaring that he did not know
enough ajiout the transit plans to discuss them
jStelllgently, virtually ordered his Director
"of City Transit to move the station from under
CJty Hall, and the so-called Twining plan Is
nothing more or less than a substitute evolved
as a result of those orders, being an effort to
meet an Impossible situation by throwing a
little sand in the eyes of the public.
"Let the people of Philadelphia understand
this; The Mayor, who knows no more about
engineering' than a Jack rabbit, has stepped
and tried to slash to pieces nnd discredit the
work of experts, whose opinion was correct in
the first place and is correct now. They rip
the heart out of rapid transit when they pre
vent the possibility of a four-track subway
along Broad street, and they know there can
be no four-track subway unless it does go
under City Hall.
We chargo that the so-called Twining plan
Is devised purposely to make transfers difficult
at Important points and that a main design
f the plan Is to fill the surface cars along
Arch street and elsewhere, for the greater
profit of the P. B. T. and the inconvenience
,We do not know what motives, if any ex-
cept RUbJic service, inspire the Mayor, but we
""ao. charge that he. a layman, inexpert in tran-
atesjnatters and by his own confession lament-
aHy Ignorant concerning the splendid Taylor
VJanSi has, through the power of his office,
seereed the Department of City Transit and
.forced upon It a substitute plan, which puts
gths city at the mercy of the P. R. T. and
fefcould effectually shackle the community for
mmlt "i century to come, if not forever.
Ifsduye charge that the Plreotor of City Tran-
Juf' jas been stripped of the power exercised
Wtf a PrdceM and tf"' politicians. Instead
twit wpjt are directing- transit nego-
"'. We Sta. ami wo defy a. denial, that
m , V . . .
mmamm swpue a a sace 10 transit
EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIA'. THURSDAY, MARCH
matters of vital moment to the community,
betng bound hand and foot, and that tho In
tervention of the Mayor Is stifling tho effi
ciency of tho department.
It may bo that Mr. McNIchol, in order to
get out of the contract under City Hall, will
throw his political support in this fight to
tho Mayor nnd tho Varcs, for he stands to
face,a big loss; but wo venturo to suggest to
him nnd to tho Councilmen whom ho controls
that In this matter tho citizens aro nroused
as they havo not before been aroused, and
they will not tolerato betrayal of their in
terests. Tho effrontery of tho substitute proposals
Is colossal. The Mayor nnd tho clique behind
him dare to come forward nnd propose tho
overruling of tho ballot and tho Public Serv
ice Commission. Thoy dare to talk about not
doing what the people havo nlrcady voted
they should do. Why, the Department of City
Transit Is actually being financed by money
voted to do certain things, and yet spends
Its tlmo trying to prevent tho doing of thoso
very things! It Is amazing.
As a brief for obstructionism nnd pessimism,
tho Twining report is nn excellent document.
It despairs of tho growth of Philadelphia,
although almost at tho proposed' Darby ter
minal thcro havo boen added within tho last
few months enough thousands of skilled work
men to support a population of about 200,000.
It revels In doubts as to tho ability of the
P. II. T. to opcrnto tho Taylor system, yet
by tentative agreement tho company Itself
Is on record ns behoving tho cntlro schemo
feasible, Just nnd adequato. It talks about
waste and caro and forethought, while advo
eating n penny-wlso policy thnt would hobblo
this city so effectively that nny growth at
nil would bo dlfllcult.
We havo. In truth, a Jeremiah amoncr us.
Thero was doubt among a great many peoplo
at ono time, wo bcllove, as to whether horse
cars would pay.
But wo may bo suro of ono thing. Tho
nee In tho holo which tho city holds is tho
Chestnut street subway, and the substitute
plan sticks a knlfo hllt-dcop In that. Put tho
Darby It where tho new plan would put It
and tho P. R. T. will mako what terms It
pleases with tho city, nnd Father Penn will
bo as defenseless ns a lamb.
No, tho voters aro not going to stand for
some Indefinite sort of loan bill, which would
let tho monoy bo used for almost nny old sort
of enterprise tho politicians might wish. The
loan bill Is going to specify tho routes, ns the
loan bill before It did, and It Is going to specify
them in such a way that thero can bo no
mischievous shifting later. Either that or tho
loan bill will bo defeated by a majority which
will resemblo an avalanche. Tho peoplo know
what they want nnd thoy Intend to get It.
Could the experts of the P. R. T. get up a
moro antt-translt transit brief?
General Villa says ho won't bo taken alive.
Well, who wants to Ltko him alive?
China will probably go down In history ns
tho nation with tho Finnegan form of gov
ernment. Victory the Only Topic at Allied Confer
ence. News Headline.
And tho only problem.
Secrotary Baker insists that the Mexican
situation is "satisfactory." Tho significance
of this estimate depends on who Is satisfied.
The Mayor Is in favor of cultivating tho
vacant lots. The advocates of real rapid tran
sit nre In favor of covering them with houses.
Senator Underwood favors preparedness If
tho plans for it Includo building a plant at
Mussel Shoals, Ala., for extracting nitrogen
from the air.
Evangelist Blederwolf doubts whether there
is flro In helL The Rev. William A. Sunday
should devote a special campaign to this rival
and "learn him."
There la nothing especially remarkable In
the story of the professional gambler In the
British army who won tho Victoria Cross,
Professional gamblers always win.
Even those who would like to throw bricks
at the President will admit the propriety of
sending a bouquet of ono hundred American
Beauty roses to his newest grandchild.
Kill the Taylor plan, down with prepared
ness, knuckle down to Germany, drop tho
Philippines, conquer Mexico what a lovely
program for patriotic and unselfish Ameri
cans! The late J. P. Morgan's remark that he
loaned money on character rather than on
property was brought up in court the other
day and was corroborated by the testimony
of J. B. Forgan, a Western banker, who said
the proportion was three to one In favor of
character. It sems to pay, besides giving the
possessor a comfortable feeling.
Bacteriologists may be right when they
say it is impossible for laymen to get posses,
slon of the germs of typhoid and diphtheria;
but when one considers the conduct of public
men in Washington it Is impossible to escape
tho conclusion that the germ of the yellow
streak has been administered quite gen
erally. The exertions of the Crown Prince at and
around Verdun are perceptibly slackening in
certain places, and are going through a proc
ess of concentration; the defenses aro Ailing
in; diversions elsewhere in France and in
Russia are piling up. Still the possibilities of
a German success are great, and they are
tempting the commanders to desperate efforts.
Yesterday tho news was divided, for the Crown
Prince attacked with some success five miles
west of the Meuse, and the French regained
precious ground In the forest of Avocourt,
on the northwest, in the same region where
a second German attack was highly successful.
It was pointed out by those familiar with the
country that in many cases a German advance
was Irrevocable, for powerful artillery in
French positions dominated the retreat This
was proved In the attack at Avocourt At the
same time an advance, breaking a 2000-yard
front, was made by the Germans at Malan
court, also northwest of the city, the most
significant movement since the first slowing
up, a fortnight ajfo,
Tom Daly's Column
BEFORE us Is a yellow journal, but the
yellow Is merely a concomitant of ngc. It
Is tho United States Gazetto of December 26,
1807. Tho big piece of news In it not unin
teresting In this day either is this "special
message of tho President":
To the Senate and House of
Hcvrocntattvcs of the tfnlfed States:
Tho communication now made, showing tho
great nnd increasing dangers with which our
vessels, our Boamcn and merchandise ar
threatened on tlio high seas and elsewhere,
from the belligerent Powers of Europe, and
It being of the greatest Importanco to keep in
safety their essential resources I deem It my
duty to recommend the subject to the consid
eration of Congress, who will doubtlceo per
reive nil tho advantages which may be ex
pected from nn Inhibition of the departure at
our vessels from tho ports of the United
Their wisdom will also sea tho necessity of
making every preparation for whatever events
may grow out of tho present crisis.
I asl; n return nf the letters of Messrs. Arm
strong nnd Champlpny, which It would bo Im
proper to malte public.
December IS. 1807. Til. JEFFERSON.
Wo bellcvo that this Th, Jefferson Is the
red-headed firebrand who wroto tho Dcclar.
fMost of them Knock-turns.)
It may bo that Rap
Fold's a charming soprano.
I'll conccdo you, old chap,
It may bo that Rap
Pold at times does not ynp
When sho should sing piano.
It may bo that Rap
Fold's n charming soprano.
THE young man sat at tho lunch counter,
dawdling over his food. Ho took out I1I3
watch nnd looked admiringly at a photograph
pasted In tho case. Wo rubbered over his
shoulder. It was tho plcturo of a baby at tho
Just-beglnnlng-to-talk ago. Ho put tho watch
away nnd sat looking far Into spaco unscelng
ly. Tho waitress' "can I got anything elso?"
disturbed but didn't qulto Jar him out of his
dream. "Dlmmo a Jlnky water, p'caso," ho
The Anagram Contest
A CONTESTANT asks If each Individual
may submit moro than ono anagram. Of
course; tho more tho merrier. But this sort
of thing won't get anybody anywhere:
A LAUGH AT U9 IN S10DE3TT.
which Is a play upon our full monicker. Keep
us out of It; and will tho clover person who
sent that In plcaso try again?
Hero are today's:
Should you fall III
A well filled purso.
Will help securo
A STEADY NURSE.
X. T. Z.
GOES HUNT FOE VILT-A.
John J. Mcaley.
DOES HE REVEL TO ROOT7
And hero are yesterday's answers:
War Is Hell, Mike Kaiser WHhelm.
In Slow Wilson.
Vote Loser Roosevelt
Sir May I suggest that when feeling 111 you
DR. PERCY H. EALER
at list and Spring Garden Btrcots? T. D.
You may, If tho doc. doesn't mind tho notor
loty. The New Indoor Sport
SIR I cannot tell you how much fun wo get
out of the E. L. editorial page. Whnt nils
your chest? Oh, pull It in! You haven't any.
thing to do with this Joy of ours. It's tho
"What Do You Know?" Column. Hero's tho
way wo work it: Wo take No. 1 of today's
"Quiz" and seo how No. 1 in tho "Answers
to Yesterday's Quiz" fits it, and so on down
tho list. Sometimes wo get screams, some
times merely a mild chuckle. For instance,
last night wo got this:
3. What Is tho origin of tho word "fakir?"
3. Oyster Bay, N. Y.
If you like Indoor sports come try It.
nnjd'a Philadelphia Business Directory for
101(1 (58th year), C. E Howo Company, publishers
(William O. Torchlana). Philadelphia: 2130 pp.
"Two Doatha In tha Bronx." by Donald Kvans
Nicholas I., llrown, publisher. Philadelphia.
One of these books doesn't aim to be poetic
and tho other does. We havo read the latter,
nnd while wo havo no Intention of reading
tho directory, we know we'd find more In It
to commend nnd less to offend.
CEDAR BLUFF AXTIIQL.OQY.
S. Tha Sociologist,
1 am a Sociologist.
People call me '
Little knaiirtng that my god
Is the Law 0 Diminishing Utility,
It Is wonderful
Farms and theatre seats,
Elght'hour days and Jetoelry,
Sables and cotton-pickers,
And factory girls and criminals,
And even good people
Is merely 0 phase of Illustration
Of the Law of Diminishing Utility,
I sometimet wander.
If I worked things out to the end,
Whether the Law would always hold good.
Or whether I should find
This Jesus of Nazareth
And that employer
Who paid "every man a penny"
Which was a direct contradiction
Of the Law of Diminishing Utility,
Now that the equinox vernal has coma
And all of the winter Is over and done,
I think It la fitting and proper that some
Sweet alnser bhould write of the Prodig-a! Sun,
P. Villain in Evenino Ledobh.
Um-ra-ra now that you urg-a us with exquisite
The Prodigal Bun, having noted the faot
That skirts have, growri shorter at least by on
Will beam on the ratted, as one tnlglit say, calt
Rhody McPhee In Spring-fleid Union.-
" W710 eata castles m Spain? I saw some.
YY thing better than that," writes T. a, "on
the outskirts of Chester. Here's the sign;
ThU Splendid View
Will divide into building lots or eell as a
Cambridge Ttu puUdins;.
I CAN'T GET FAR i "j
I sss f&.s ... 4
Wild Shots of the Embattled School
boy An Exhibit of Results A
Suggestion for Turning the
Tables on the Grown-ups
S IT IS with sermons, so with -collections
of "howlers." "It's a mighty poor sermon,"
Bald John Gardener to tho minister, "that
doesn't hit mo somewhere."
On a provlous occasion wo essayed a defini
tion of tho term "howler," but tho effort
was a failure nnd wo arc, therefore, falling
back on n fow Illustrations, which, possibly,
may Hit somo reader somewhere
"Somewhere" reminds us of a story. It does
not tako much to remind us of a story, yet
presumably wo aren't so very different from
An English schoolteacher recently took
Franco as tho subject of tho geography losson.
(Havo you guessed tho rest nlrcady? Nover
"In this terrible war," sho said, "who is
our principal ally?"
"France," camo tho chorus.
"Right," said tho teacher. "And now can
nny ono of you glvo mo tho nnmo of a town
Promptly from several bright and hopefuls
Let us remain a few moments In tho his
tory class, a class prolific in "howlers."
"Oliver Cromwell" was given ns tho subject
of n short essay. Ono youngster wroto:
"Oliver Cromwell had nn iron will, an un
Blghtly wnrt and a largo red nose; but under
neath wero deep religious feelings."
Lingering yet a little we may learn from
tho embattled schoolboy much else that's In
teresting, whether truo or not. For example:
"The three most Important feudal dues
wcro Friendship, Courtship nnd Mnrrlages."
"Tho chief clause in tho Magna Chnrta was
that no treo man should bo put to death or bo
Imprisoned without his own consent."
"The principal products of Kent are Arch
bishops of Canterbury."
"Alexander tho Great was born in the
absence of his parents."
"Edward tho Third would havo been King
of France If his mother had been a man."
"My favorite charactor in English history
was Henry VIII. because ho had six wives
and killed them all."
"It was said of William Rufus that 'He
never smiled again." He did this after he was
shot by an arrow with an apple on his head."
Of especial Interest to Phlladelphlans Is the
following Information in response to the ques
tion: "Where was the Declaration of Inde
"At the bottom."
A teacher who has lately been instructing
her pupils In Greek mythology asked the chil
dren to write in their own words the story
of the Gorgons. Tho result? Here's one:
"The Gorgons were three sisters that lived
In the Islands of the Hesperldes, somewhere In
the Indian Ocean, They had long imakes for
hair, tusks for teeth and claws for nails, and
they looked like women, only more horrible."
From "Scrapple" we borrow this, without
comment on its authenticity, but with recogni
tion of Its verisimilitude to the genuine article:
Teacher What little boy can tell me where
is the home of the swallow?
Billy I can, teacher.
Teacher Well, where?
Billy The home of the swallow Is in the
This being a miscellany we submit the fol
lowing without classification under "history,"
"geography" or any other head. Why try
to classify "howlers"7 They ain't that kind
of an animal. Bo;
"A man who looks on the bright side of
things is called an optimist, and a man who
looks on the dark side of life is called a
"The names of five Shakespearean plays are
'Macbeth,' 'Mikado,' 'Quo Vadls,' 'San-Tgy' and
the 'Sign of the Crosa,'"
"Shakespeare was a great writer, only he
used too many familiar quotations."
"Milton's chief work was to lose Paradise.
He also wrote a sensible poem called The
Canterbury Tale. They we.ro too sensible to
bury, fc they still live."
"You ask what T know about Dryden and
Pope. At first they were friends, when one
day they became contemporaries."
The Tongue-twUted Pedagooj
But why pick on the poor schoolboy? He
has troubles enough of his own. And he
isn't the only vnconscloua or untntsatioual
perpetrator of "howlers."
There's th possibly familiar story of tha
. . . !.
tongue-twisted pedagogue who
dressed tho Teachers' Institute.
"My friends," ho bcgnn, "tho school work
Is tho bulhouso of civilization, I mean
Ho know ho was up against it. Ho made a
"Tho bulhouso Is tho schoolwork of civ ",
"Tho workhouse Is tho bulschool of "
Ho was evidently twisted. Ho know his
audlcnco was nwaio of tho fact. Thero wero
visible and audiblo evidences.
"Tho schoolbul is thd housework "
Worso and worso.
"Tho bulschool "
Wild pitches, ono after another. Tlmo to
tako a braco or vacato tho slab. Tho speaker
mopped his brow, gritted his teeth.
"Tho schoolhousc, my friends "
A sigh of relief went up. Hamlot was him
Tho orator gazed Berenely around. Tho
light of triumphant self-confldenco appeared
upon his erstwhllo troubled countcnanco.
"Tho sehoolhouse, my friends, Is tho wool-
Then, so say thoy, tell thoy, speak they the
talo, ho lost consciousness.
A tragedy, but a howling tragedy, nnd,
thorefore, within tho meaning of our title.
Poetio Justice If on its Job, would havo
filled tho audlcnco with schoolboys. Thero are,
however, defenders of much abused youth.
Ono of them suggests that tho children, so
fiercely grilled by teachers nnd examiners,
might get back at their ciders with some such
examinations as this:
First. Whnt was tho result of tho efforts of
tho royal forces (both Infantry and cavalry) to
restore Humpty Dumpty to his former estato?
Do you seo In this any lesson as to tho failure
of a mllltarlstlo system?
Second. Describe tho co-operatlvo expedi
tion of Jnck and Jill nnd tho ensuing catas
trophe From tho point of view of emanci
pated womanhood ought Jill to havo preceded
Jack down tho hill?
' Seriously Speaking
Setiously speaking, wo approve tho Idea of
compelling parents to pass tho examination
recently glvon to nBsIstants at tho Chicago
Public Library. If you can answer tho ten
questions intelligently, If not correctly, you
may cscapo the disgrace of being put back
in tho awkward squad of the hopelessly grown
up. If you enn't. Just mako a stab at it. That's
what schoolboys have to do. Here are the
1. For what person or persons was the
wool of the black sheen destined?
2. Describe maneuvers of tho French army
as recorded by M. Goose and give number of
men in the French army.
3. Give short biographical sketch of Solo
mon Grundy, nnd mention seven important
events In his life.
'4. Who killed Cock Robin?
5. Discuss tho social significance of the bo
, tanlcal arrangement in Quite Contrary Mary's
fl. Describe the co-operative system of do
mestic economy in Jack Spratt's household.
7. Describe briefly tha n.stral phenomena
which led to the elopement of two useful
8. How many court musicians were main
tained at the court of Old King Cole?
9. Name and describe article on which Miss
10. Who Btole the Queen of Heart's pastry?
We are pretty sure the test would show UP
A FOOL FOR ATTORNEY
A Kentucky negro, tried on tno charges, acted
as his own lawyer. After the Jury heard his
first speech it acquitted him. Rut his second
speech brought a tine of ISO. This shows thnt
the old axiom needs revising1. The man who
continues to act as his own pleader has a fool
lor an attorney. Cleveland Plain Dealer.
A ROSY VIEW
Doctor Eliot, of Harvard, figures that Ameri
cans spend more than ? 5,000,000 a year on non
essentials. That, however, is one of the privi
leges of being an American. Detroit Free Press.
1 A KINDLY SENTIMENT
The following "reluctant tribute" to tho
heroism of German soldiers, by O. C, A. Child,
published in the New York World, deserves
a place among- the "kindly sentiments" that the
war has evoked:
"I cannot help but love the way
In which the gallant Germans pay
The price In blood.
They heed no cost in death or pain
If by their valor they may gain
, A foot of ground.
Each soldier sets his steady face,
And dies content If but his place
In front be found.
' With all my heart I Jujpe defeat
May trip at last their charging feet.
May break their blade.
And yet I drink a silent toast
To that cnrushlBs. tnlshty host
briefly nd- 1 . ) ?
What Do You Know? JfS
1 . 1 , ipt
Queries of general interest will be answete'i
in this" column. Ten questions, the antxccri
to which every well-informed person should
know, arc asked dally.
1. When wns the Inst battle fonsjht on the loll
. nf Orent Ilrrtnln?
2. lVlint nan tho fulr selling; price of the total
proper! or the United 8tntes nt the b-
Ellinlnc nf the Dth century?
.1. Whnt Is nn orntorln?
4. Who iliscnterctl the Inw of specific, Kra-Itr?
fi. Whnt Is the litcliest monument In the world? .
a. Whnt Iran a ".MoriiI"?
7. Who Is In cnmnmntl of the expeditions?
force In Mexico?
A. Did tho New York Vnnkees ever win n world n,
0. Trom whnt Stnte does Senator Tall comet
10. Who Is tho nutlinr of "Snowbound"?
Answers to Yesterday's Quiz
1. She una horn May C, 1820, and Is therefor
00 5 curs old.
3. llecnuso they wcro written on bine paper.
4. llurinrd, William nnd Mnrj- nnd Yale, In thi
8. 3Ioncy decreed by the Government to be
le-rnl nnd proper means of payment of any
noil nil debts. f
0. No. The nuthorlty for such an net Is Teited
7, A blue flair with tho United States armi'lsT
the centre. It wns ilesl-rneil nnd first nied
by I'rrslilcnt Arthur In 1RH3.
8. It. (1. InRcrsnll, nt Itcnubllcnn Nntlonsl Con-
icntlan In Cincinnati In 1870, so referred
to .Tames G. Illalnc.
0. Tniiioiis military ncnilemy of Knglnnd.
0. Nlnenra Talis, Yellowstiino l'nrlt. ,i
Editor of "What Do You Know" Will yoa
plcaso answer these questions: (1) How far Is It, ?
from City Hnll to tho following places. In miles:
Market street ferry, Snyder avenue, 49th street,"
Erie avenue? (2) What is tho Red Rose of Lan-,
ca&ter? (3) Where are Panama hats made?
(1) It Is nbout 1U miles to the Mnrket street
ferry, 2 miles to Snyder avenue, 2 m"s t9
49th street and 4 miles to Erie avenuo. (2) Tha
Red Rose of Lancaster was tho emblem of tbs
house of Lancaster. It became famous In the
War of the Roses In England between tha
. - . ., --,. , ...I.I..1. Oft .nvl M
nounes or i,un..isier unu xuni. 111 mi;u ,, v.
princep; hundreds of tho nobility nnd 100,000
common soldiers were slain. (3) The greater
part of tho Panama hats sold In America v
made in Colombia.
Editor of "TVnat Do You Know" Where d
shrimps come from? M. A. H,
The common shrimp, a 10-footed salt-water 4
crustacean about two Inches long, is commononHj
both shores of the North Atlantic Ocean wnero
the bottom Is sandy. The catch of the fisheries.
on the southern Atlantic coast of the United
States is valued at $500,000 a year. Shrimps ar
also found In San Francisco Bay.
Philadelphia to Salisbury, Md.
Another route from Philadelphia to Salisbury.
Md.. is sent in by M.. in response to the query 01
Charles Smith. It Is a trifle longer than that
published, but M. assures us that the roads ar
better. It follows: Chester pike to Wilmington,
from Wilmington take Baltimore and TashlnrT
ton pike to Newark; at Newark turn left at rail
road station and tnko pike to Elkton; at ElKton
turn right at dead end of street and M'0,'10.,
Churchill take new State road. This roajr U
diiect, unbroken route to Ocean City, t"'""" 4
i:aston. Salisbury and Berlin. Below Eastoa. a
watch signpost for left turn.
EdUor of "What Do You Know" Can 1 you UU .
me where I can consult some of tha old niej a
newspapers, particularly some of those 1 no tenter
in print? RESEARCH. -
Your question Is a bit Indefinite. The MtrcMp'
tile Library and the Apprentices' library, "YJ i
city, have files of some of tho PhUaWpM
papors. The best place, of course. Is the
of Congress.' Tho New York Public UWV
, . .i -ii,.ii Thn Wilmington
ilia u. cijf 5"u .w..w...w... --- -- ...p. i
(Del.). Institute Eree Library -had a good MJI
lion somo yearniuB", ... ""--., Krtima' a
(Conn.) Free Library are some aluable bouna m
American Addison V
Editor of "What Do You Knou" Who wj
tha American Addison? I would ba obliged ir
any facts you may have concerning him.
S. M' '.
This was a name applied to Joseph Ppn'M.
English essayist, who settled In Pha"'11S,h.
the early years of the last century He
lished a sort of salon and was by way ol : Bews
the Doctor Johnson of the intelleptual circle "
tha young republic, strange as this 1 may .
now that he is virtually forgotten. PnadelpW
was the literary centre of the country "
time, and also the centre of publication. Deaaw
was the editor of Tho Portfo lo and W"
Reposltory, for which wwdtot MW
wrote, joan yuincy aaa,""'"""r7iQn pfall
tlons from the Latin, and also the nf" tollt
his emerlences as the first American Minister v jijr
Russia, to the Portfolio. Jlf
Cost of Roadmaking
.. .. .,....- v, i-.. &-...,.i,-T?lea3a tell
me what the average cost Is Per ?"1?.in.l, 4
making In the United Statea mju-
A writer of a recent article on American roM 1
estimated that It cost 000 per nuis i "rr5
American roads. He took "e average of o
of the expensive speedways and of the low raw
country roads, as weU aa of durable W"
communities which insist on full value tot Utfir