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' MATE LEADERS
TO HASTEN DELAYED
. , yniy une am or Major lmpor
&i . stance Has Been Passed in
Three Months of
?.fyWtO METHODS FOR SPEED
Tlottf Added to Meeting Time, and De
bate Limited Night Sittings
"WASHINGTON, Mnrcli 8. The Senate
having passed only one bill of major Im
portance In three months of session. Ad
ministration leaders today took Btcps to
hUrry the program along.
Adding another hour to the Senate's
meeting time nnd limiting debate were
two means employed. Tho latter procosi
its brought about, despite Senate rules, by
.'moving to table certain amendments to
tho Shields wntcrpowcr bill. Where the
amendment has only a few friends this
has been successful.
Among Important Administration meas
ures not yet oven Introduced nro:
Sh'P purchase bill, naval program bill,
tariff commission bill nnd tho whole finan
cial program, Including expected Income
tax amendments and special taxes, to pay
extra cost of preparedness.
Dills not yot far advanced on the calen
Conservation bills, army prnparedness
bills, rural credits nnd tho Government
'armtfr' plato bill.
When the Shields bill Is disposed of this
ytttX Senators Tillman nnd Myers will
line up for a" fight to see whether the
armor plato bill or Myers' substitute for
the Ferris conservation bill shall have
Shields was reminded by Leader Kern
yesterday that he had had more than a
month for the passage of his bill and
that tlmo was valuable. He gave notlco
of ashing night sessions unless speedier
progress was made. Senator La Folletto
has Just arrived here with a half dozen
amendments, which may delay the llll
a week or 10 days more.
House leaders today framed their future
legislative program. Tho first Important
project Is the repeal of the free sug.ir
schedule of the Wilson-Underwood tarlfT
act Leader Kltchln said ho expected to
brine: up the sugar resolution In tho House
tomorrow and spend the entire dny In de
bate, nnd pass It before adjournment. A
day of political debate was expected with
virtually unanimous support for tho re
peal resolution nt tho finish.
"Whether the Houses will next tako up
tho army preparedness bill, tho annual ag
ricultural budget or tho Immigration
measure Is doubtful. Chairmen of all
three committees were working for first
placo on the calendar.
BERLIN EXPLAINS REASON
FOR U-BOAT DECREE
Continued from Tago Ono
yet been regulated by International law
and. In doing so, could nnd did not vlolato
any existing rules, but only took Into
account tho peculiarity of this new
weapon, tho submarine boat.
ALSO WARNED NEUTRALS.
"The use of tho submarine naturally
necessitated a restriction of the move- !
ments of tho neutrals and constituted a !
danger for them which Germany Intended
to ward off by a complete warning analo
gous to the warning England had given
regarding the North Sea.
"As both, belligerents Germany In her
note of February 17 and Great Britain In
those of February 18 and 20. 191B
claimed that their proceeding was only
enacieu in retanntlon of the violation of
International law by their opponents, the
American government npproached both
parties for the purpose of trying to re
establish international law as It had been
ln force before the war.
"Germany was asked to adapt tho use
of her now weapon to tho rules which
had been existing for the former naval
weapons and England not to Interfere with
the food supplies Intended for the non
combatant German population and to ad
mit their distribution under American su
pervision. Germany, on March 1, 1915,
declared her willingness to comply with
tho proposal of tho American Govern
ment, while England, on tho other hand,
declined to do so. Dy the Order ln Coun
cil of March 11, 1915, Great Britain
abolished even what had remained of tho
freedom of neutral trade with Germany
and her neutral neighbors. England's ob
ject was to starve Germany Into submis
sion, by these Illegal means.
"Germany, after neutral citizens had
lost their lives against tho wish and In
tention, nevertheless In the further course
of the war complied with tho wishes of
tho American Government rgardlng the
use of her submarines. The rights of
neutrals regarding legal trading were, In
fact nowhere limited by Germany,
BRITISH ARMED LINERS.
"Then England made It lmposslblo for
submarines to conform with the old rules
of International law by arming nearly all
merchantmen and by ordering the use of
guns on merchant vessels for attack.
Photographic reproductions of these in-
? tractions have been transmitted to neu
ral Governments, with the memorandum
of the Qermau Government of February
"These orders are obviously In contra
diction with the note delivered by the
British Ambassador in Washington to
the. American Government on August 25,
1914, On account of tho proposals, made
by the United States on January 23, 1916,
regarding disarmaments the Imperial
Government hoped that these facts would
enable tho neutral Governments to obtain
the disarmament of the merchant ships of
her opponents. The latter, however, con
tinued with great energy to arm their
merchantmen with guns."
Today Is the eighth day since the new
German edict regarding armed liners has
been operative. Although a number of
enemy vessels have been torpedoed, no
American lives have been lost through
U-boat attacks since March 1, and so far
a Is known no Americans have been on
any of the victim vessels.
LOCAL OPTION WINS OVER
PROHIBITION IN VERMONT
Only One County in Favor of Re-
BDTLAND, Vt. March 8. Local option
won over prohibition In this State yester
day by ft marglp of J3.161 votes,
The prohibitory amendment was first
placed on the statute books In 1852 and
was repealed In 1903 by a majority of
739 The vote on the question of
ra-cnactiDg the. amendment was Tea,
18.603 . no. 31.657.
Every county in the State, wth the ex
cbUoj of Orleans, gave a majority In
favor of local option.
Tfca proposed amendment had been
passed by the last Legislature and sub
mitted to the people in a referendum. Tho
result of the vote was a surprise, not only
to the Prohibitory Campaign Committee
And tha Antlsaloon League, but also to
tha local option leader, who. said they
it&CL tit looked fur eo decisive a victory
The State- vottd for direct primary elec
tions t a. 1 1 t at le TUe ytem,
will K'' into (fi-i fur the selection et dle-mx-m
tj tlw titlunal CgntfuWon tht
. , ,,
iff" . ,. I;
-Mr i Afr.
rhoto by Evans studio.
MISS CATIIERINE'C. CASSARD
SOCIETY GIRL BURNED
AS STRAY MATCH FIRES
FLIMSY DANCE FROCK
Miss Catherine C. Cassard in
Serius Condition From Acci
dent at Dinner Just Before
Big Masque Ball
RESCUER ALSO INJURED
Miss Catherine Cooper Casiard, daugh
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Hnrry Llpplncott Cas
sard, of 336 Pclham road, Ocrmantown,
Is In a dangerous condition at the Uni
versity Hospital, tho result of burns re
ceived nt a dinner last night preceding tho
rial Masque, society's farewell fling bo
foro Lent. Her head, face, shoulders,
nnns and body wero badly burned when
a, flying match head which some ono had
scratched caused her flimsy whlto "Snow
ball" costumo to fiaro up. The accident
occurred In the home of Mr. nnd Mrs.
Edwin K. Sparks, 127 South 23d street,
whero tho dinner was given. Tho pretty
brunette hnlr which lent much to Miss
Cassnrd's charm, was virtually all burned
Her friends are alarmed at Miss Cas-
sard's condition No Improvement during
the night was reported. Dr. George Ross
nnd Dr. David Farley are In attendance.
Albert II Kennedy. Jr., of 2203 Wal
nut street, who probably saved Mist CaH
sard from fatal burns. Is recovering to
day from hurts of the hands which he
received when ho extinguished tho blaz
ing tulle of her costume with heavy cur
tains wnicn ne Mintcnca rrom a doorway.
The party, laughing and chatting, had
Just entered tho drawing room nftcr din
ner preparatory to leaving for Hortlcul-
I tural Hall, when some ono scratched n
j match, presumably to light a cigarette.
J Tho match broke and tho blazing head
new into .miss unssard b lap. Her costumo
"area up at once, onvnloplng the upper
parl of llcr body ln "ames After thoy
wero extinguished Dr fs. A. Knowles and
! Dr. William Campbell Pnsey wero sum
moned. Sho was hurried to the hospital.
The party was chaperoned by Mr. nnd
Mrs. E. Spencer Miller, 3d, in the Illness
of Mr. Sparks and the absence of Mrs.
Sparks. Others In tho dinner party wero
C. Aplln Sparks, Miss Dorothy Frlck, of
Baltimore, and Miss Sophlo Beauveau
Miss Cassard, who Is known for her
Individual type of beauty and good danc
ing, was one of tho most popular debu
tantes two years ago. Her brother, Ed
ward J. Cassard, Is a widely known tennis
BIG CHEMICAL PLANT
BLOWN TO ATOMS
Continued from 1'ukc One
and he was forced to abandon his onlco.
Officials nnd firemen crouched behind other
buildings, powerlebs to throw water on tho
Doctor Carvath said he had been mak
ing sodium peroxide for a number of
years, and after talking with his chem
ists came to the conclusion that last
night's fire was not tho result of an acci
dent. He states also that all the men
In the building at tho time have been
accounted for with one dead and ono
BLAST ON BLAST.
The fire started with a terrific ex
plosion that rocked the entire city as by
Other explosions of even greater vlo
Icnce to the number of 12 or 15 fol
lowed, nnd tho pcro:.ld. plant was liter
ally blown to atoms.
The plant In which the explosions oc
curred contained apparatus for the manu
facture of a large percentage of tho
chloroform used In the United States.
Enormous quantities of peroxide of hv.
arogen are niso manufactured there,
building, of brick nnd steel construction,
about 300 by 75 feet In dimension, was
demolished. The first explosion shot the
slate-covered Bteel arch roof, with its
massive g'M i- ion f(.ct In the a.r and
landed It several hundred feet nway, In
another section of the plant's yard,
CARS BOWLED OVER
A string of freight cars standing on a
Biding two blocks away was bowled over,
while one of the huge electrlo hauling
locomotives of the Niagara Falls Junction
Railway was wrecked.
Steel tanks, about 20 by 15 feet di
mensions, were shot through a 3-foot solid
brick wall like projectiles and sank In
the Niagara niver, some 100 yards dis
tant. Machinery of every description lies
heaped in tangled and twisted masses In
various parts of the yard,
f The plant manufactures nitrates n.
Jjy.product. which are delivered to the
various powder companies working
war orders. It is also understood they
have Immense direct war orders.
jjiach menardfc-pj manacg
EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH
DR. GARBER OPPOSES
IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Superintendent Fears Plan
Would Hinder Legitimate
Work of Preparing Youth
CONSCIENCE A FACTOR
Opposition to military training ns part
of nubile school education Is expressed
UL IIUU1IC SCIIOOI CUUl.lUun in t-AlJlt.not.il
by Dr. John I. Onrbcr, superintendent of
schools of this city. In n written opinion
sent to Congressman John H. K. Scott
Mr. Scott Introduced a resolution In
Congrcii Rovernl days ago providing for
the crcntlnn of a subcommittee of tho
Joint Committee on Mllltnry Affairs, to
study the question nnd determlno tho nd
vlsablllty of enforcing mllltnry training
In schools throughout tho nation Subse
quently. Mr Scott wroto to Doctor Clnrber,
asking for his opinion on tho subject.
Tho opinion follows:
"Although I fully recognize tho right
of tho Stale to prepare Its young citizens
to defend It from Injustice nnd a dis
honored place In tho family of nations, I
do not bollevo that direct and Compulsory
military training should bo Introduced
Into our public schools. In my Judgment
mllltnry training Is n very technical mat
ter and represents only a small part of
what the schools should be doing ln the
way of preparation for American citi
zenship. Our best work for training
young peoplo for this citizenship Is ac
complished If wo tnako them as phys
ically fit ns possible, not only for ready
training for defence, but also for contrib
uting In full measure to tho economic,
civic nnd social welfare of tho State,
"Tho completo physical preparation of
young neoiilo for this broader Idea of
American citizenship embodies all such
things as a thorough building-up process to
dovelop vigor and endurance ln tho body,
such ns co-ordination of nerves and mus
cles ns makes the body respond almost
automatically to the word of command,
nbundnnt training In group nctlvlties and
group contests nnd certain forms of mass
activities all of which should servo to
furnish nn excellent foundation for mlll
tnry or any other form of special activ
ity. "Rifle practice, summer camp's for ex
perience In out-of-door life, trench digging
nnd mllltnry evolutions, tho use of uni
forms and such things, I bollevo should
be entirely voluntary matters, thrown
open as wldoly and with as many Induce
ments ns tho nation deems It wise to offer.
"It should be added that the public
schools are tho people's schools, represent
ing all types of Interests and beliefs, and,
therefore, while wo should give and re
quire all that makes the pupils of these
schools physically fit, we need not and
should not enter upon the mora technical
lines of military training that would bo
an offense to many of tho patrons of tho
schools who have really conscientious
scruples In tho matter.
"The pupils of the public schools nro
practically all under 18 yearn of ngc and
not sufficiently well dc eloped for the hard
work involved in direct military training.
Thoy would, therefore, profit more by be
ing required to take proper courses in phy
sical exercises during their school life. If,
however, summer camp work and riflo
practice should be deemed advisable, I
havo no doubt that, even ns a voluntary
matter, many would elect to tako them."
IN 5 YEARS, FORECAST
Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, at
Harrisburg, Spurs on
Workers in Cause
HARRISBURG, March 8. AVI "vo
years every womnn In the Unit s
will have the ballot If they per.M r-
ously enough In their campaigns, saia .ilrs.
Carrie Chapman Catt, president of the
Natlonnl Suffrage Association.
The expected debate over rules failed to
matcrlallzo nnd most of the morning was
I given over to nn nddrcss by Sirs. Catt,
: who urged the suffragists to try for both
tho adoption of a Federal amendment nnd
the passage of suffingo acts by the sev
eral States. However, Mrs. Catt urged
Immediate action looking toward a suf
frage amendment to the National Consti
tution. "Tho first thing to do," she said, "is to
get your map and learn where your Con
gressman lives. Then bo sure there Is a
miff ii Ko organlnztlon there nnd get the
f i lends and relatives of the Congressman
to join "
The speaker Intimated that she thought
this pressure eventually would have tho
desired effect on the Congressman's suf
Sued for False Credit Inventory
Giving a false Inventory of their busi
ness to the R. G. Dun Mercantile Agency,
for the purpose of obtaining credit, Is
charged in a suit of tho American Wool
en Company, of New York, brought In
Court of Common Pleas No, 1 today
against Rehl & Bender, cloak manufac
turers, 25 South 6th street. The company
RAnlru in rpcnwr S9DQR RK with lntrttt
for goods Bold and delivered to tho de
" .-.... ,---- --,
fendants In 1914. The plaintiff company
alleges the figures given out to Dun's
i di:m of music
tiwr-rluy l',ve . Murc-li 0
Muale Sotlb-s Hpveches.
inn pictures or O'Dono
u i8ea funeral In Dublin.
k. la Sr rents to II,
! Ti'H Spruco street.
TOO LATE FOR CLASSIFICATION
HKr.1' WANTHH FKMALE
FILING, office work and atenosrachy; mint
hate experience, otherwise du not apply.
O 533 Leiluer Central.
1IKLP WANTED MAI.B
UOnlNO MIL!. Lathe and planer hands
wanted, steady work Apply Wheeler Con.
denser and Hnelneerlng Co., Carteret. N. J.
Other Clunlfled Ads on Pates 17. IS und IB
FEEBLE MINDEDNESS EXHIMT
WILL END SESSION TONIGHT
Expect 100,000 Attendance Mark Will
Do Reached Today
Jt Is expected tho 100,000 attendance
mark will bo reached tonight, when tho
doors nt the nxhlblt on Feeble-Minded-ncss.
In tho Wldcner Building, Cnestnut
and Juniper streets, held under tho au
spices of tho Public Charities Association,
are closed at t o'clock.
This afternoon a band concert will be
given by the 28 young people, all Inmates
of tho Pennsylvania Training School for
Feohle-Mlnded, nt DJwyn. Tho concert
begins nt 4:30. It Is the first tlmo tho
j band has ever appeared In this city.
I Tomorow night the two weeks' cam-
I"1'?" wl". c.?" ,1 " fl"rv.Lc,0St wltI' 1
"pccim meeting in wio Clover uoom oi
. tl1tnt.,i.CJ(l-nfnfrt wlinn knu.l... ...Ill
the Bellevue-Stratford, when speeches will
he mado by Dr. Thomas W. Salmon, New
York, of tho National Commlttoe for Men
tal Hygiene, on "Tho National Feeble
Mlndedness" nnd f .orgo W. Klrchwey,
whoso subject Is 'Tho Now Spirit nt Sing
Sing." Mr. Klrchwey Is dean of tho Co
lumbia Law School and acting wardon at
Sing Sing, following Thomas Mott
HYMEN FROWNS ON YOUTH
Mnn Applies in Vnin
Llconso nt Elkton
ELKTON, Md., March 8. Nine of tho
ten couples who applied for marriage
licenses In Elkton this morning were
granted 'the permits. Tho tenth pair,
Francis Ochs nnd Harriet K. Wallace,
Lykens, Pa., were refused owing to tho
prospective bridegroom not being of oge.
Thoso receiving licenses woro:
Martin It. Vanderpot nnd Lena M.
Cnmble. John 13. Dorsey nnd Agnes V.
Prommer, William J. King nnd Helen C.
Koenan and Kttono Mnnfredl nnd Car
tncla Buonomo, nil of Philadelphia ; John
J. O'Kourke nnd Mnrlo Snyder, Pottsvlllo ;
Lawrence A. Martin and Laura Dcppe,
Berwick ; Robert D. Shocklor nnd Luella
A. Sheckler, Lchlghton, Pa. ; Tony Reco
kctt nnd Grace Mnrtlno, Trenton, N. J. ;
Day Fisher, Penn Hill, Pa., and Ollvo C.
Trimble. Pilot, Md.
LEADERS OF FINANCE
PROTECTED BY NETS
Steel Bomb - Proof Devices
Placed on Skyscrapers in
N. Y. Money District
NEW YORK. March 8. Threats of
would-bo nssasslns nnd bomb plotters have
terrorised New York's millionaires. These
financial leaders nro spending thousands
of dollars a day to protect tholr lives,
their wives nnd children nnd their prop
erty. It was learned horo today.
Lower New York, particularly Wall
street, Is honeycombed today with high
priced "shadows," both men nnd women,
who "dog" tho footsteps of such men ns
Daniel G Reld, Elbert H. Gary, Vincent
Astor, Henry Clews, Charles M. Schwab,
Henry C. Frlck and others, day nnd night.
Not only Is ovory moe of these men
and tholr fnmlllos closely guarded con
ntnntlv. but residences, skyscrapers In
tho financial district and tho winter nnd
country homes or tlie wcaitny insnion
nbles nro nrmorod with closely woven,
bomb-proof steel nets upon tho roofs.
Two trim little women, apparently
bustling along the Btrcets on business of
their own, laughing nnd chatting soclnl
small talk, look llko the wives of pros
perous business men.
Theso two women nro watching cvory
one about them closely. Inside tho muffs
they dangle so carelessly aro bluo black
nutomntlcs, nnd never more than 20 feet
from them Is Henry C. Frlck, tho steel
Theso women watch every move Frlck
makes. Apparently frail little crenturcs
they aro In reality, two bundles of Iron
muscles, ablo to copo with n. inoro than
ordinal lly husky bruiser,
With this pair and tho men shadows
ho employs, both In Now York and Pitts
burgh, ns a personal guard, nnd tho others
ho keeps to protect his property, Frlck's
nntlmurder-nnd-bomb net costs him sev
eral hundred dollars a week.
Tho most comprehensive and expensive
scheme of protection Is that employed by
J, P. Morgan. Ho has built up his system
of defense only since ho was shot at Glen
W syB -S&pr
30,000 houses have actually been built from
Ladies' Home Journal plans. And this number
is several thousand shy of the actual total. There
was a time when builders and architects said:
"Ladies' Home Journal houses look nice in the
pictures, but they aren't practical." But that was
20 years ago. Now the 30,000 houses actually
standing prove the contrary, until one leading
architectural authority was recently forced to say:
"I have no hesitation in saying that
The Ladies' Home Journal has had
more influence in bettering domestic
architecture than any other single
It is a record for a magazine to put 30,000
houses on the ground, and it has been done by
the most careful selection and because people
have had confidence in us.
And every month we print more and better
Have you ever seen them ? Just buy a copy of
Ms only IJ) cents
Cove. Prior to tho attempt to murder
him Morgan laughed at tho Idea of any
ono "getting'' him.
Encasing tho roof of tho Mills Building,
next to tho Morgan Building, In lower Now
York1, Is n masslvo stoel net which cost
Morgan fS000 Another $5000 steel web
encases tho roof of tho Morgan Building.
Tho Mills Building not was put up so
bombers could not hurl explosives from
$1,000,000 RIPARIAN GRANT
TO LEHIGH VALLEY VOID
N. J. Appeals Court Nullifies Convey
ance of Morris Canal Basin
TRENTON, Mnrch 8. Sustaining Vlco
Chancellor Stevens tho Court of Errors
nnd Appeals today decided to bo null nnd
void tho riparian grant of 1880 to the
Lehigh Vnlloy Railroad Company of the
big basin nt tho mouth of Morris Canal
In Jersey City. Tho decision Is a great
victory for the State, which prosecuted
tho case. ,
Other claims for tho property are still
held by tho railroad, and the court said It
was unwise and unnecessary now to pass
upon tho effect of tho net of 1801 giving
tho Morris Canal and Banking Company
the right to lease tho proporty In per
petuity to tho Lehigh Valley Railroad
Under tho opinion of tho Errors Court,
which was written by Chlof Justlco Gum
mere, tho conveyance mado July 12, 1889,
to tho Lehigh Valley of tho Tldowntor
banln Is affected. Tho basin Is near Now
York harbor and is worth millions of dol
lars. Tho rnllroad claimed tho right to
mako fills nnd other chnngos. Only
$40,000 will havo to bo roturncd by tho
Stnto, tho consideration ln the riparian
Du Pont Workman Shot
Peter Domnncco, 18 years old, of Ponns
grove, Is In tho Cooper Hospltnl, Cnnulon,
suffering from a bullet wound In his right
leg. Tho youth was shot by nn unidenti
fied assailant nt a lonely spot near tho
du Pont Powder Works, whero ho Is em
ployed. He will recover.
REACTION AFTER WaI
James Hewitt, PhHadetphJl
Speakintr at Anni.ni n. m
tlon. Urtn TCH
READING, Pa March 8.-A ,A
" " muwcu with cautln. i W
tho unusual stimulus ah-J "tL"w
tho European war Is likely in .'"
by a discouraging react V h"
by James Hewitt, of Phltadi S0UM4
annual address at the ope UngI0hfVh,8.,'
annual convention of the p. h. 'H'
Now Jersey nnd Delaware "Wj'A
Grocers' Association nt th?BtahrhMl
tel here today. Mr. Mewltt I.
of the association. Th.re was a U?M
tendance of members froni H,w ,lI
States, their buslncs, lnte?eBU InMI
big sugar refineries, etc. nm4m!!.
Investment of many millions nt,n
Mr. Hewitt referred to th t. .
boom that, has been In progrce, .i"',
fall. Ho s'poke of the great eooll H
been accomplished by hoaTTwl H
elation, raying It has olovateti i ii,lr?..rw
upbear tho light ,of Vy3
The. addresses of welcome were .A
cred by Mayor Filbert nnd D j mS1
president of tho local Chamber or rU
merco. Col. Fred Drake, of &.-.'
mombor of one of the oltlsat SJ3
groceiy firms In tho State, responds 3
William a Iledfleld, SeorMnrTo Vl
merco, will address tho convention V'-J
social session tonight. ""
Governor Brumbaugh, Congresam.n JJ
wait, ot Allentown, Pa. ; Judge Han?
Hchaoffer. of Heading, ,nd F" SIM
ui rtingaia fans, will ho the epeakeri , i
tho annual hannuet Innmrm,. t.i. W'.M'
will closo tho convention. ' '
City Bonds Issued i
Certificates of purchase of the JM. h
000 municipal bond Issue of Decertb,, ifl
19IB, wero issued today by raw . S
troiicr wnlton. Tho bonds are of iiii
$500 nnd $1000 denominations. '"!
"SSHPft "JSJS.Jm "
Willi uOJ t3M