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EVENING li'Btorfitt PflrLADBLIHIA, FRrDAY JAtfUAB? 14, 1D16-
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
cvnus h. c. cvntis; pcii.it
..CMrlti Kt,tillritcn.VlrtPrf(itdnt John C Martin,
lMnr m Treasurer; Philip a. Collins, John D.
Crucs H. It, Ctims, Chairman,
r W. WflALEr...,. ............ .Fjfcutlv Editor
JOWX R MARTIN General nuainees Menaeer
PudlrMtrd dally at Pcittta I.tMH Building-,
Independence Square, Philadelphia..
twin CtNTMt.., Broad nnd Chestnut Rtrteta
ATUKito CiTr,,,.,..,,.,,,,,,,)Yu.tnlon Bulldln
'Nw roaS..,.,t,.,,.,..,.lTO-A, Metropolitan Tower
Btnim,,... 828 Fort Building
ST. Locu,. ,,,.,..,., . 400 0oo Demotrat Bntldlnr
CHICICO. ....... ..,.., 1202 men Building
NEW8 BUREAUS t
W)Ksroft Btafutf.... ......... ....Wilts Bulldlne
Nrw tftu tlfitin. .,. ,. , .The Tmea Bulldlne
Hwus BtmaAU,, ,..,....,. ....... no Frledrleritraee
IfflMt llcamn... ....,.,,.. Marronl House, Strand
PAttit lnmuo. ,,.,,,. 32 ttu Louie I Grand
, BUB8CRIPTION T8RMS
f carrltr. Mr cents pr nil.'. By nuill, postpaid
utl3e of Philadelphia, eieept where foreljn poafare
IT resetted, one month, twenty-five canta; one year,
three dollare. All mall auoeerlptlpne payable In
JtoncK Subecrlbera wlahlnr addreee changed muat
girt eld ( well aa new addrtta.
KLt, JOCe VAULT
KtYSTOKn, MAIN J00
CT" Aidrtu all commmilratloiia to ttitnlna
Mater, dej.l(feitce Equate, Philadelphia.
Mto at trim rntufjici.riiu roTornc aa eecoxs
cuss urn. mnta.
THE AVERAGE NET PAID DAILY CIRCULA
TION OP TUB KVEXINO LEDGER
POR NOVEMBER WAS 84,801,
PHILADELPHIA, miDAY, JANUARY 14. 1916.
They never taste tcho always drink;
Thcu always talk tcio never think.
"Pcrdlearls allvo or IIaIkuII dcmll"
Llfo Is not what wo make It so much as
how wo take It.
' i. .
Something really to worry about: Portugal
Is facing a $3,000,000 deficit.
Wilt Bcrnstorff be held a hero or a scoun
drel In Berlin after the war?
Juno Addam? repudiates Roosevelt.
Item. "Tliou stlck'st a dagger In me."
, Tho cold wave will bo wclcomo If It only
stays long enough to frcczo out the grip
Tho Turks have entered the Persian city
of Kcnrmnshnli. Watch out 'for a lire sale
What little doubt there was of Mr. Knox's
j candidacy for tho Senate has now been
Perhaps Representative Kltchln' does not
know that If the light against preparedness
Is won tho light to re-elect Mr. Wilson Is lost.
It la almost as difficult to find out tho state
r tho Kaiser's health us to discover who
will bo tho Republican ciindldnto for the
If tho talk of Hughes continues much
longer, the conscription lssuo Is likely to bo
transferred from tho British Parliament to
the Chicago convention.
tiotieral Wood has discovered that u largo
number of Pennsylvania women aro for pre
paredness. Thoy bellevQ In tho kind of men
who will fight for them.
Director Kruson'a campaign against tho
grip epidemic, begun by calling Into consul
tation soma of tho ablest physlclami In tho
city, has tho best wishes of all thoso who
have thua far escaped.
William II. Council, of the Bureau of High
ways, was ono of Director Cooko'H cracker
Jacks, and Director Datcsman has wisely
concluded that ho Is too valuable u public
servanf to be discharged.
The seismographs of a Washington uni
versity havo recorded un earthquake 700
miles away. That Is about as far as tho
Democrats are from an understanding of the
proper way to frnmo revenuo bills.
The old theory that international marriages
strengthened tho bonds of friendship between
nations might as well be abandoned. Look
at the way tho royal coutdnti aro flying at
one another's throats In Europe.
Poor Prlnco Dartllo! Known to the world
for many years as tho hero of "Tho Merry
Widow," ho now reappears as tho unfor
tunate Prlnco of Montenegro, making an
armistice with death!
, Senator Underwood' is confident that his
tariff law wilt produce revenue enough If It
only haa a chance. He forgets that lawn
phould be framed to fit conditions, because
It Is impossible to make conditions fit the
Probably tho whole city Is rather surprised
at tho fact that its treasury receipts, accord
ing to tho weekly statement, umounted to
more than four million dollars and that tho
i, balance Is nearly three times as great. We
didn't know that there was so much money
In tho treasury.
It Is not hard to understand the feelings
pf American citizens on the Mexican border
line, but It is very hard to sea what posslblo
good an armed invasion of Mexico by unau
thorized persons would do, Tho Government
pt JJfiay oo at jouit, uiu . iu wm uov
'" M ' '
. J)d you ever notice how many famous
New Yorker do not live in New York?
Grnntland Rlee, of that city, who has Just
won a. golf prize at Plnehurst, really lives
In Bnglewood, and they do still say that
when Teddy Roosevelt ran fpr the Governor
rttlrfhe lived In Washington.
z 1..1.. IIhdbH.IiI nfhn hmt dnna tilt otinra rf
jKragr service is nQW in America to get as
""fjiiiiway from the war as possible, as he
y. It la talr to assume, then, that his
lrtr ob "English Tragedy." before the
University here on March 1, will not deal
with the defeat at, the Dardanelles.
5he action of the students of the univer
sity Ip. abolishing" the bowl fight does credit
to thftlr Judgment. It is possible to arrange
E . iles CoutesU In such a way as to satisfy all
te proper demands of cluua spirit without
aduitering the life of any one. This has
hM do In some colleges and it ought to
fet 4ua in all, for It is impossible for tbreo
feur itunctrea young men to engage in a,
romfh sad tumble fight without Injuring
The tyonaer is that there nave
i a dMtfcs if) the bowl fight before, and
; tbai eueta pa ncci4ent should happen thjs
1 Ku'rt's faefttk while a prisons
ftxa.0 could hf )HMl &, text o f
cred (Ml WBM IW.ttVt ett 9
fcomethlng else lind bean tlliTre1it. This
f Vigorous! Indlnn rose from a bftrafool boy
la thd dictatorship of his country nnd then
had to flee for his life because ho hod been
loo free with the lives of others. With all
his faults, he was n man of force, if an
other one like him in Hint respect could
be found In Mexico there would be a better
prospect for the restoration of order than
there appears to be under the leadership
"WITH SOUTHERN EXPOSURE"
Tht tJnllil Mntea la not ante until fioulh
Amencn la Hate. Democratln Pan.Amrlc
mnat be fnatrrrd An ftample to tha ArnrM
and a watnlnt to Kurnpr. Tlila country la
rtpixrit on tho aotith lo A great danger,
agalnit nlilch It muni prolfrt ilieir hr making
common caune rrllli tho aoulhttn republic.
AN ASTONISHING thlnfr Is the stubborn
ness with which the United States has
kept Its face turned from tho south. With
the north closed through the existence there
'of a great foreign dominion, tho eyes of this
country havo always looked either west or
east west for Its external expansion, east
for commerce. For a hundred years there
has been growing a sisterhood of republics
south of the Rio tlrnndc, without any but
llio most mcagro Interest on tho part of tho
It would bo Idle to pretend that there Is
not sumo Justification for this fixed direction
of American enterprise. The republics of
South America aro Latin, and tho Ideals of
their dominating classes arc not tho Ideals
of Knglnnd and Germany and Scandinavia,
but of Spain and Portugal. Racially the af
foctlons of North Americans are with north
ern Europe and those of South America with
their Iberian forefnthors, Yet tho chasm
which Is thus fixed between tho continents
has been doubly bridged by tho claims of
common humanity and by nn obstinate de
votion to tho same Ideals of democratic gov
ernment. The piers have been sunk deep
and fortified by repeated affirmations of tho
protective nnd non-aggressive Monroe Doc
trine, and more recently by tentative estab
lishments of commercial relations. Much re
mains to be done, but no hlng enn bo dona
before tho United States understands South
America more clearly.
Primarily It must be understood that the
Hufcty and security of the United States are
bound up with tlin Independence nnd in
tegrity of the Southern Republics. This
country Is a house with southern exposure,
from which nil good things can come. But
the wind that comes up from the south may
be full of pestilence unless tho south Is kept
clean of entanglements and free from for
eign domination. Tho great attraction
south of Panama Is not that monoy can be
made there, but that nations can bo strength
ened and protected until their cxlstenco con
tributes to the prosperity and permanonco of
this country Itself.
The fact Is that tho ground Is prepared
for the sowing. Brazil and Argentina and
Chill, tho principal Governments, welcome
the Interest of tho United States, while they
look with a well-founded distrust .upon the
solicitude of Uuropenn Powers. A tre
mendous tide of Immigration hits Bet In, and
whole sections of each of thoso stutcs are
the property of European colonists. Upon
them no friendly cyo has been cust because'
tho motives of their fatherlands are In ques
tion. Tho United States -ulono Is In a posi
tion to suy that no aggression Is Intended,
because none Is necessary to Its own de
velopment. So far there lias not been, nnd
It Is unlikely that Micro will be, any dcflnito
emigration from this country, so that tho
spread of American ideals and tho affirma
tion of American friendship depend almost
wholly upon tho enlargement of commercial
Tho gjtln to Individual traders, to Unltod
States commerce, Is, however, a measur
ablo thing, whllo tho gain to tho United
States cannot be expressed In figures. What
the United States can help to crpato is a
demonstration of tho possibilities of dem
ocracy. By its benevolent protection and by
Its own example it can place before tho eyes
of Europe, when they havo cleared of tho
red film of battle, tho speetuele of many na
tions rejoicing in the quiet blessings of peace
abroad and justlco at home. Neither of these
things has yet como to pass, but the promise
of both is In every country of this hemi
sphere. Slowly but with reassuring steadiness
anarchy and violence are being driven out
of South America. Tho larger states are
as well founded In their political conditions
as this country, and they are ready to take
their place In a Pun-America which will be
a warning and a lesson to the despotisms
and monarchies of Europe, with their eternal
quest for power and their Inevitable strug
gles. The purpose of the United States in
fostering the prosperity of tho republics
which choso It for a model Is to Insure for
tho world a successful working experiment
in the possibilities of democracy.
Within the next 50 years South America
may be called to answer the question of
Asiatic Immigration. It may have to deal
with vast foreign populations already with
in Its confines. The relation of ruling class
to the mixed blood of the middle class and to
the cholos, the lowest class of all, may be
entirely rearranged. Tho various subter
fuges for peunugo must eventually be ex
posed and a new system of free labor be in
stituted. While these things are going on, the
peace of Europe may make Peru or Ecuador
too tempting a zono nf dominion to be let
alone. In nil these contingencies the as
sistance of the Unltod States will bo Indis
pensable. Yet It cannot be granted unless,
preceding the necessity, there Is a common
Interest and a free intercourse, not only of
goods, but of Ideas.
The United States has learned how pre
carious is tho peace of Europe and how dan
gerous Its alliances. Can It not teach Europe
a lesson In the success of republics which
are neither jealous nor afraid?
INFORMAL LOCAL OPTION
THE action of the Judges of the License
Court in asking for a neighborhood ref
erendum on tho question of granting a
liquor license for tho building at the corner
of Market and 52d streets has established a
local option precedent which Is already being
cited in Justification of the extension or the
rule. The Gcrmiintown opponents of the
saloon aro preparing to ask the Judges to
order, or request, a referendum In the 3Zd
Ward in order that they may Jeqrn tb
state of public sentiment thare. If the vpte
should be against the saloons the Judges
would be expected to refuse to renew any
licenses in the spring, 1'h$y would be under
no legal compulsion to close the saloon,
for the. Jaw vests In them complete discre
tion In the premises,
The Informal vote Is useful solely for the
Information of the Judges. Perhaps such
a way of testing public sentiment is better
than jnone, but if we- are to have real local
hUok the community will not Ion; be sat
isU with ihl makeshift.
Tom Daly's Column
JUST about this time o' year somebody
herenbouta discovers the "first robin,"
Often, we suspect, It's Just a left-over from
last year, a hardy hanger-on, nnd not one
that has been South and homo rignlm Surely
there must bo plages In this vicinity whero
a few birds slick around all winter: but U
there are we don't know them. Some other
folks, however, who make a practice of keep
ing open house for all the birds in winter,
may be able to report robins among their
star boarders. It Isn't cold weather that
bothers tho redbreast, but the question of
Driving several years ngo over western
Wisconsin hilts, deep with February snow,
wo came upon a flock of robins In a sheltered
hollow, nnd tho native hcplde us assured us
the birds remained thero year after year.
It wan easily believable, for the feeding was
fine thorc. A charming chatterbox of a
stream, nn American cousin of Tennyson's
brook, sang In tho zero weather:
I murmur under moon nnd atara
In hramblv wilderness!
I linger by my ahlngly barat
I loiter by my ereaaea
The limitless supply of cresses made the
place nn Eden for thoso canny birds; so it
In the vicinity of such a place our first
robin should be reported, it's dollars to
doughnuts the rascal has -been thero nil tho
A.VH III! CALLS UlS BTUIT "I'OYTJIY."
Though Atred Xavcs Is what tte'rf end
A "man-at'rhUmes ndroll,"
Hc'.t not a poet: not at all.
He calls himself a "pout."
AND ut this same lecture n couple of ef
fervescent freshmen In the back of tho
hall so disturbed tho "poyt" that tho next
morning's paper commented upon it- PIU' wo
weren't writing hends then, because this,
we remember, suggested Itself to uh at the
tlmo: "A Noisy Nolso Annoys A. Noycs."
Wo never could seo that collcgo bowl-fight
stuff, but you've got to havo a basso pro
funda volco In which to make such a state
ment and get away with it.
"I'll Take the Same"
Petite rete explains himself In an apologetic drawl:
On this yere night last .lime
They was takln' things tame,
In the Waldorf saloon
Until Frlaco Ed came.
They was, as I say.
All a-takln' thing tame.
And, ns mild Is my way,
Why takes tho same.
Frisco barks out, "Mine's rye!"
And his eye burns like flame;
Frlaco barks out, "Mine's ryo 1"
And so takes the Hume.
Thcy's a dance goln' on,
And I dances with Maine;
They's a dunce goln' on.
And so takes the same.
Ed's a-spllln' fcr light.
And he snys shp'n his dame;
He offers a fight.
And so I tnkes the same.
I'm po-llte as the next:
And when guns Is Ed's game,
I'm po-llte as the next.
And so takes the same.
My old gun glvo a wall;
(Pore Ed's death Is a shame)
It's "tread air. or take trail,"
And so takes the same.
I'm a eoft-hcarted boob:
My cayimo beln' lame,"
And as Ed's Is no Ttube,
Why, I takes the same.
But, shoot me clean th'oo,
Thar's that little gal Mame!
She saya, "Take me too!"
And so I takes the sAme.
We alnt goln' back there,
So I picks a new name,
And, ay! on the square, "
That gal takes the same!
Hope Ills Folks Approved of Her
Miss Meta Horner, who Is a student at the
State Normal School, Toweon. left on Tuesday
night's boat for that Institution after passing
the holidays with his parents near Crlsfleld.
Crlefleld (Md.) News.
No; That'll Be About All
"Sir," wrltea H. It. S, "Could you use a
poem of ten stanzas on 'The Stenographer'?
It begins like this;"
I'm an elsht-per-week "tenog"
Juat a humble working cog
In the Iron wheel of fate,
Working early, working late, -
For my little weekly eight
BARTENDER, long experience, talka Enxllah,
Pollih and aaveral languagea. Eaet
Act it morning pQper
We're Just narrow enough to believe what
this gentleman and scholar Intimates about
tho Polish, but when did English cease to be
fill? IS WORTH 8ETTINO IN AGATE
Sir Your extract from Moraa'a Geography of 1789.
referring to Pltch'a Steamboat, prompts ma to call
your attention to omo other facta In which Phila
delphia waa flrat:
The fir it vcwel ever moved by ateam waa navlt
gated on the Delaware River by John fitch on
July 20, ntM. On Auguat '-"; of the following year
Fltcb navtgatad another ateambont 40 feet long at
Pbiia)Pnia. in tna preaenr or ine ui.
form a Constitution o) the United Btatea.
In 1804 tha Eruktor of Amnhlbolla. a machine
for cleaning docke. Invented by Oliver Uvana,
mounted on n wagon, waa propelled by ateam Along
Market etreet from Centre Square to the Schuylkill
Itlver. being the prat land-carriage ever propelled
by attain In the world At the Schuylkill River
the vtkael waa Uunditd. a atern wheel attached
and tbe machine waa navigated by ateam dnwu the
Schuylkill and up tho Delaware lllver to tbe city
"Condensed" ft Meant, and Yet, and Yet
Edward Sheldoa'a dramatization of Sudermasn'a
novel. "Tbe Song of Bonga." la being condemned (or
vaudeville purpoeea. Tom Wta will play the role ha
created vrben the drama waa acted lt ?ear In tbe
Eltlnge. NfW York Timet,
Uxtryl Uxtryt! the January number c
f Poetry: A Magazine, of Verse," edtud by
Harriet Monroe, has a real poum ta ltl It's
by Ruth Comfort Mitchell and k'a the llrst
human note we've: ever got from tht rec
tle. In exchange for our l, sib.-rlUa.
mv $out to expire.. w Bs)f ierevf c
tsth of this.
A PENSIONER OF TIME
The fishing smack Is anchored fast
Close-cabled In the tawny dock
Its look. Its life nre of the prtirt.
Scarred by adventure, strife and shock-'-A
past nowjmcan, now (llsnlflcd,
Like alterations of thnt tide. ,
Which shall no more behold It rock
In ports whence summer quickly flees
Though barnacles Incruat Its side,
They cannot blur Its llmbeted prldo.
As lusty as an April breaic
Huge ocean liners, held In tow
By pufllns tugs, half-shamefaced so:
Whereat the smack seems oft to smile;
None helniM It hut ttm river's flew.
Or winds that reckoned many a mile
Spruco-yachts, gay motorboats glide by; -They
acorn It, though Its worn ribs glow
With memories of wave and sky
Which thoy would give tlinlr best to know,
And which, like songs that mermaids sing,
To deck and rail nnd mnsthesd fcllng
Memories, how they round It sweep!
They laugh nnd Joke nmld the sun;
Or, when moon-rlftcd fogs uncrcep.
They tell of big hauls long time won,
Escapes from floes and whirlpool deeps,
Shoaj snares by sftllor-wlt undone;
Whilst, nearby, Its deaf toaster sleeps.
William Slruthera, In nonton Evening Tranacrlpt.
How Mny the Spread of Grip Be
Prevented The Duty of Those
Who Have It Letters
To the Editor of Kvtntng T.edpcr:
Sir I read tho letter headed "Willi Smith as
Mayor," nnd the writer, Mr. llnrry C. Illack, de
serves prnlne for his fairness of mind, which Is
not often found when politics nre being dis
cussed. JOHN J. FLEMING.
Philadelphia, Janunry 13.
To the Jidltor of Evening Ledger:
Sir For two weeks past t have fagcrly
scanned your paper, hoping dally to seo somo
reasonable means cxnlolled of preventing the
spread of tho grip, which, weeks ago, reached
the stngo of epidemic. All the ai tides, o" fur,
have preached means of avoiding the grip, but
to my amazement, not one 1ms contained n woul
of caution (regarding the spread of this dread
disease) to thoio who have nlrcady developed
Now, slnco wo are taught thnt grip Is nn In
fectious (or gerhi) disease, nnd Infection Is car
ried chiefly by the discharges from nose, thront
(or chest), the contiol of this dlse.iRe must lie
chiefly with thoso who have It. It In excellent
advlco to say "Don't kiss," "Don't pet your feet
wet," "Don't neglect thnt grlppy feeling." etc.,
but wouldn't it he more lo tho point to tench
those who have It, or may yet get It, how not lo
spread It to others.
Mny I offer a few suggestions by way of Il
lustration, each and every one of which was
observed strictly by the writer during a recent
severe attnck7 (Isolation in her case was not
First. The use of squares of cliecso cloth, or
old muslin, Instead of handkerchiefs, for tho
discharges from nose, throat (or chest).
Second. Tho shielding of tho nose and mouth
with cloth (not hnnd) during attacks of sneezing
Third. Cnrc.of these cloths I. e., keeping them
immediately after use, in envelopes, or paper
hags, and Imvlng them burned In furnace cuch
Fourth. Care of tooth brushes; keeping them
In Rlasa of antiseptic solution, or even plain
Fifth. Keeping windows open nil night, and
leaving thcni opened occasionally during day In
order to keep loom freshened.
Sixth. Keeping dishes, glusses nnd silver used
by patient separato from those used by rest of
No one else has developed grip In this house
hold, though, of course, that may bo due to
natural powers of rnslstnitce.
This Is. a mere suggestion. It would seem as
though you could do Invaluablo fccrvlco by tie
voting space In your paper to a campaign
against the grip germ, at least open up the eyes
of tho public to tho modes of tnlectlon and
point out whero the contiol of the dlbcasc lies.
Philadelphia, Jnnuary 13. READER.
PREPAREDNESS AND LAND
To tho Ildltor of Evening Ledger: -
Sir In Tuesday's issuo you quote the remarks
of J. Clyde .Marquis, assoclato editor of tho
Country Gentleman, In which ho states thnt
"the best form of preparedness Is for this coun
try to enact laws favorable to the landowner,
and to Incrcnse tho ownership rather than the
tenancy of land," If the gentloman wo.ula permit
the substitution of tho words "user" and "pri
vate possession" In placo of the words "owner"
nnd "ownership" then I, nlong with Single Tax
era Boncrnlly, would bo In hearty accord with
his views. Mr. Marquis further states that
"moro than half the farm land of the United
Slntes Is owned by persons not living onjt."
Why do these owners own It? Lniid.'unllko
riches, does not "take wings und flee away." It
will produco little or nothing except human
labor Joins with It In the production of good
things. Its value does not arise because of the
amount of labor which has been performed on
any particular section of It, but because of the.
numbers of laborers that Inhabit the adjoin
To my mind, the sole reason why owners own
land Is because owing to the Increase of popu
lation they will not only bo able to get human
laborers (other than themselves) to produce
upon their land, but these human luborcrs will
pay them for tho privilege.
The Single Tux party stands for tho collective
ownership of land, and It sees no cause for alarm
If we further the growth of tenancy under its es
tablishment. With Single Tax in operation,- every
user of valuable land would bo a tenant, and he
would pay rent not to a landlord but to him
self, because he would recelvn back .frony the
collective owner (thq public) full value" for what
Does our present-system landowner do that
much for his tenants? I hope. Mr. Marquis will
answer. OLIVER McKNIOIIT.
Philadelphia, January 11.
TRIBUTE TO THE MULE
The mule Is singularly free from the Ills to
which horectlesh Is heir. He has more days'
work In him In 3S5 consecutive days than any
farm animal or farm engine. He requires less
feed when at work than any horse that can
..approach his capacity, for when he Is idle he
can rorage successfully where the draft horse
finds the pickings too slim. lie takes pot luck
with any owner cheerfully and keeps fit upon It.
In pea co the mule 11 man's most faithful
servant, although the gentlest of his kind is
not entirely freq from original sin and the oldest
may experience unaccountable sporadic out
breaks of devilment.
In war the mule retains hlscharacter as a
hard toller, a good sqout and a homely figure
about whom the poets and painters at the front
do not grow enthusiastic. Although he Is un
sung when living and not greatly honored, he
Is not unwept whe. at 30 or byond, he lies
dqwn, sighs peacefully rather than regretfully,
and gives up his Sparfan spirit.
If there Is a hereafter for animals, the mules'
paradise Is a series of Elyslan fields w(th fences
that only a good Jumper can clear, with colts
to chase, with something alive, and preferably
two-legged, to kick, and with plenty of rough,
plain victuals and a few goats to play with In
sportive moods, and negro drivers pot brutal,
yet not too Indulgent, for human companion
ship, Louisville Courier-Journal.
WORLD'S MOST SOUTHERLY TQ WN
Usliuala Is the most southerly town In the
world; it (leg in latitude t5 bouth. and Is only
70 mile from Cape Horn. As the capital of that
part of Tlerra del Fuego which belongs to the
Argentine Republic, It prides Itself on being
the residence of the Governor, and on possessing
wireless station, a fishing and cannlnj com
pany, acvcril rsutei. a. church and one hotel.
It U also tbe penal settlement of Argentina;
In tbe large building at the back of the town
there are more than 1000 men imprisoned for
term varying from, five years to a lifetime.
Mount Olivia, which 1 M09 feet high sod the
highest meusula In h islzjid, overlooks tbs
towaj It I MVr firly re of snw. For
eight months ha Vk r a. Jiart sheet of Jus
Covers tha viwji4. Oa which the only vebtdqs
te be suen are mB. Kew york independent.
NORTHCIJPEB. ENGLAND'S ALADDIN 3
Rise to Fame and Power of Proprietor of "Thunderer" - (j
"Conscription" From Beginning ui wttr uarvin Another
Remarkable Figure of London Journalism
IOHD NORTHCMFFE looks like n boy
J especially when ho talks. He Is fifty-one
years old. lie owns moro big newspapers
and tnngliies than any other man In the
world. Me Is England's chlcfcst cabinet bus-
tcr. Jnmcs i.ouis ur
vili Is Kngland'8 best
cabinet maker. He
edits t h o Observer,
which Is owned by
young Waldorf Astor,
M. V and formerly
conducted tho Pall
Mali Oazetto as the
successor of Morloy
and Stcdd. Ho was
, born forty-four years
ago of Irish stoOK.
It Is linposslblo to
discuss English poll-
" tics or English public
i.oitt) NoiiTllcurFB nffttr3 nnd 1 e n v o
these two men out of account.
The proprietor of tho London Times nnd
tho Daily Mall began his career as Alfred
Hnrmsworth. Then he was Sir Alfred nnd
then Lord Northcllffe. He woke up English
Journalism. Lately ho's been trying to wnko
up tho people to a realization of thoso weak
nesses responsible for "muddling through."
Needless to say he Is not the most popular
mnn In tho counlry. Hut ho believes what
he believes, and overybody reads at least
one of his papers. He goes nfter his Infor
mation, too, In dead enrnest. He has been
under flro on tho Flanders front. His courngo
In physical nnd moral.
Northcllffo Is two or three times n mlllion
nlro In pounds; in fnct his lncomo Is so large
that considered os Interest In Investment It
probably represents $20,000,000 or more, vhlch
makes him easily the richest nowspnper
owner In the world who has made his wealth
entirely by printing Ink. And yet It was only
twenty-five years ago that ho was completely
nt his wits' end to Ilnd n 5 note, and the
printer refused to go to press with the cur
rent number of his first venture, Answers,
unless ho received some money. Having ex
hausted all his powers of borrowing to keep
tho paper going until ho could turn tho cor
ner ho stared Into tho quandary of tho Im
mediate future. If tho paper stopped nil his
hard work was lost; If it could continue ho
was sure of success.
The Ilarniswortlt Luck
Then en mo a characteristic touch of tho
Hnrmsworth luck. A caller was announced
and displayed to Hnrmsworth an Ingenious
puzzle hV had Invented a small, glass-covered
box containing partitions at ono side,
so that the eoven letters In the. word "An
swers" could with caro bo rolled Into the
uoven spaces between partitions to spell the
word. Tho Inventor was asked his prlce.'und
replied ho would take a 10-pound note.
Hnrmsworth suggested ho take a royalty,
which tho Inventor gladly accepted. Imme
diately Hnrmsworth wont to u manufacturer
of gnmes and placed a largo order for tho
mamifacttiro of tho Answers puzzle, sdmo to
bo ready to be put on salo In 48 hours. In a
few days tho manufacturer could rot keop
pace with tho demand, which ran Into hun
dreds of thousands sold at a shilling and
costing a penny or two to make. Answers
Tho way Lord Northcllffo got Into tho pulp
and paper business In Newfoundland Is a bit
of characteristic Harmsworth foresight. At
tho tlmo the concession of an lmmcnso tract
of virgin forest In Newfoundland was granted
by tho Newfoundland Lcglslaturo tho Harms
worth Brothers Inter called tho Amalga
mated Press wero using: flO tons of whlto
paper a day. If the paper trust put up tho
prlco a cent a pound all tho dlvldendsvof that
lmmcnso concern vanished. It was necessary
to protect their Interests. Hence the great
paper and pulp plant erected In Newfound
land. The Importance of this venture wns
recognized within aij'hour after It was known
that tho Governor of Newfoundland had
signed the Legislature's act. Harmsworth re
ceived a cable offer of a flvo-year contract
for white papor from tho trust at a prlco
much below current rates so much below
Indeed that an American newspaper cabled,to
London that It would bo glad to take the
contract off Harmsworth's hands nnd pay
the duty, as that would then bring the cost
of their paper .under the market price.
Garvin went to London to write many
years of burning leaders by night In tho
Dally Telegraph. Ho also started the Out
look tho weekly papor which In his hands
cut through between tho Spectator and the
Saturday Review and'gavo tho world a new
sonsatlon and established himself as "Cal
chas" on the Fortnightly Review. He left
tho Dally Telegraph some years ago and
dropped the Outlook when he -had satisfied
himself he had oxhaustedUtts possibilities.
Politics Drought to the Forum,
Men who have read Garvin's writings at
tentively for years know well What tremen
dous weight of knowledge travels In the
wake of his pen, and even those who smile at
the length of space ho fills are his acknowl
edged debtors for the ease .with which he
throws new seas and prairies open to the
GARRIOK NOW N,&,n..?T,oBlaorrow
COHAN AND IIAIUUS Present
. BEST PLAY IN 25 YEARS
popular Price WedneedayJMatlneee. Beat Seata II
0a 12J4 UAnKET 20a
10 A. JJ, to JJ P?u.
la Jtepry L & '!ekA Q1wb"
GKHALDINE FARItAK tn "TEMPTATION"
ACADEijV Beata at Heppa'a. 1JJO Cheatnut.
PHILADELPHIA T.,D8AY Tomor. 9
5 ORCHESTRA T mid.r 8,n,
UNIVERSITY MUSEUM ftS?"
nim q ,QO Lecture by Jt, C. Andrews
b-rVX, O.OU PI;iureaque. Unknown Japan,"
Many motion plcturea. Free. 83d and Spruce.
FREE EXHIBITION Or
HENRY BACON &Xaw.
vTTVf'VrvT Today I RIGOLETTO TWINS!
lN 1 XUiN t 2:18 CROSSMA.N'8 ENTERTAIN.
BRICK DP VEAUj Everett a Monaty Circus. Etc
kiivoN'S in WTTn Turrvrj-rTr!
GRAND BIO AOTB PICTURES I
KoidM6nU0Ury OPCASIBY TOR JiAOH A
Todlt. 2-ia. T O,. (WILD 8ATVSDA.Y JUT. 1
American uld Kes5Ts7ZZ
iUU. TtiewUy,. Thursday, UtiVf, Jte, 00$,
rwr, L.u.'1'sn mm isjimiiii !'"
sight nnd sends across Ihem a rcfrcsht
wind of aspiration and of warning tvi .
slnco ho left the Liberal camp because It ,
growing too narrow and domestro for hi!
needs, ho hns been tho npostlo of expansion
nnd the counsel for posterltv. ttx l
brought the great science of polIlUg out! 1
tho chamber Into tho forum. He cxnn,mt.!i 1
the policy of Salisbury nt a lime when thai
stntesman wns too proud nnd reticent to m!
plain It for Himself, ihs defended lialfour
from the offects of hie own indolenco and
aloofness toward his followers; nnd he mad
men seo In the meteoric Impulses of Cham,
berlnlil.a login of growth nnd nrevlalhn e.'.
beyond the shibboleths and expediencies of J-
flin rtnv. l U
' ..... fl
Uiccrincss nnd Courncc
Crowding Interests, however, do not pr.
vent him from pervading every atmosphere
he enters with' hla own refreshing personal.
ItV. To know him In n llhnt-nl r,,i,,-,i .
Is more, It la) the realization of nil the hopes v,
mm nun uiui uncnsiicu oi unuing the brain
of a man wedded to tho light heart of a. W.
You can easily seo how this enters Into lh m
magic or nm innuenco when ho wants men 1
to do his bidding without friction nr .iJ. IS
explanation. It constitutes part of the secret
of his strnngo nnd nnomalous no.Mtlrm H,t
ho. should bo regarded with tho same intent A
liess by friends nnd opponents. 1 ta easy "
for thn wnrhl in hn Imnrnanpr! lit- M nil ..
quick-limbed man with tho athletic motion.
the massive head, tho strong Ciceronian feat. l
tires, the gleaming eyes nnd tho glowlnt !l
..!.. tt- L...-. t. 1I..1. -0 ... . . 3
iiiiui.-. iiu una iusi lima oi nis ciiocnneis
throughout the stress of this terrible war,
but thnt Is In great measure duo to his un
faltering and lcouluo courage.
NATIONAL POINT, OP VIEW
There should be legislation clarifying the
Sherman law, so far as possible, and defining
moro accurately the orfenses It forbids. nichi
Guardsmen returning from duty such As that i
111 .Manoninp county are rntiiicn to every con-
slderatlon. They honor the uniform of thtlrji
State. Cleveland Plain Dealer. S
Let us find out what thero Is In common be
tween the continents; what wo can do for
South '.-.lerlca and . what she can do for ut.
Then w shall have a real Pan-America. NeV
Individual Progressives seem to experience
little difllculty In finding their way home. No
one scorns to know Just whero tho great need
of tho clan stands. Doubtless In his own good
time he will mako all things clear, Indianapolis
News. ' ,.
- 1 ' f-
I, !,- , . II... II- - LI .
FORREST Last 2 Nights j
C1IAIU.ES DILLINGHAM Treaents
WATCH YOUR STEP
Brlce & Kins; Harry Kelly; 100 Others.
WEEKS." BEGINNING MONDAY. 8B.VTS NOW
B0UVENIR8 OPENINO NIGHT
ALSO SPECIAL WAHDROBE
In Ilia New Succeaa "COUSIN LUCT"
T VPTP PAST THREE TIMES
Ji X XVIVj last Matinee tomorrow i ,
N. Y. winter oaraen'a Latest Triumpn
MAID IN AMERICA
Company or 125, Including '
FLORENCE MOOnE and MLLE. DAZIB
ALL t'VN. itUBlO and rRETTY OIRLS
NEXT WEEK SEATS ON SALE
THE OFFICIAL WINTER GARDEN SHOW
THE PASSING SHOW., .
OF 19 15
12S TEOPLE. INCLUDING QEORGB MONROE. A
HOWARD AND HOWAJID. SlAJtlliTNN UlLlvUl
and Broadway"e Fairest Beauties
ADELPHI Last Three Times
. LAST MATINEE TOMORROW
BERNARD SHAWS CIRCUS
ANDROCLES AND THE LION
Treceded by Anatole France" "Dellshtful Frollo"
THE MAN WHO MARRIED A DUMB WIFH
NEXT WEEK SEATS ON SALE
THE SEASON'S GREATEST DRAMA
Is It better to play atrallht or to ataryoT
B. F. KEITH'S THEATRE
CHESTNUT AND TWELFTH STREETS
ALIQE EIS & BESSIE
BERT FRENCH I WYNN
Harry G Irani & Co.; Atnea Scott A Henry
Keans; Conlln, Steele A Parks. Others.
& "The Forest Fire"
LANGDON McCORMICK'8 THniLLINO OTOIt
OF THE TIMBEHLAND
ACADEMY' OP MUSIC
K FRIDAY EVENINGS Tlarf Tori 21.22
O SATURDAY MATS. -DBg. tl UI1. ti.'CU
BRAZIL ARGENTINA CHILE
PERU BOLIVIA, COSTA PICA. PANAMA
fmiveo Qnlo 3- 12.60 Cloaea Today. 5 !.
LOUlSe O (UC At Heppe1 Single Tlchete Mouse?
A Tn A TT A CHESTNUT Below 161
TRIANGLE PLAYS EIRBT PRESENTATION
Robert Harron in "Missing Links"
COMEDTr "FATTY MABEL ADRIFT'
Neat Week Monday, Tuaaday and Wedneaday
MARIE DOnO In "Wood Nymph."
BAM BERNARD In "Became Ha Loved Her Be."
ACADEMY OF MUSIC '
Monday, January 24, 8:15 P. M.
RESERVED 8EATS. 3 to Tfic. NOW ON SALH
AT HEPPE'S, llio Chestnut 8treat.
. .. - """" " "
flLOPW Theatre "nIpeTbt.. ?
VJAJVJ-'-s-l YAVDBY'LLB Contlnuoue II j
A. M. to IX P. M. 10c. XSo. "
EDMUND HAYES & CO.
In Farce Comedy, "THE PIANO MOVER"
EBqOTTI LILLIPUTIANS; OTHERS
CHESTNUT ST. Opera House
MATINEES, I :SO to 6 10c, 10c I Bymjft"
. NIGHTS, T to II 10c, 15c. 28c I Orekeilrt
WM. FOX PRODUCTION
MANSFIELD'S GREAT SUCCESS
"A PARISIAN ROMANCER
MARKET ABOVE tTK
STANLEY Wallace Reid
"TUB GOLDEN CHANCE"
Meat Mon., Tues,. Wed., "MY LADY INCOQ"
"A LITTLE GIRL IN A BIP CITY"
NEXT WEEK "A FOOL, THERtl WAS-
r ' a k v-. -t.l. bh.i ! W.,b V.vea. ft Sllft.
OKUAJJ Matinee Tomorrow at 2;
JOHN DREW .iWphtef
Dunwut a ;
Ubkstrela. Wk A ArcMa
Tou,H4 th Ortljrjr,