Newspaper Page Text
Retard Foe's Progress in
North Sector, but Make
No Advance at Dvinsk
GERMANS GAIN AT VILNA
LONDON. Oct 2.
The Russians appear to be making a
much bttter effort to hold their por
tions, for except Just In front ot Dvinsk
and In Volhynls. the Germans claim to
hae made nt progress, while between
those two point and In Gnllcln, accord
Ing to a Berlin olUclnl report, nil the at
tacking; la being done by the nusslani.
The Slav assaults are particularly
effective against the Teuton centre.
The Ilusslan troops, by countering the
attack which Field Marshal von Illndcn
burg launched at Minsk from the north
west, have succeeded pretty well In
straightening out their line from north
The Petrograd correspondent of
Renter's Telegram Company sends the
"Military writers. In me light of the
latest dispatches, are of the opinion that
the great Oerman thrust east of Svent
slany (on the main line of the Warsaw-Vllna-Dvlnsk-Petrograd
be considered at an end.
"The Germans being formed back
toward the Dvlnsk-Vllna Hallway, the
Russians aro straightening out their
front to the south of Dvinsk and west
of Vllelkn, and In general the German
offensive from Riga to the Tlnsk region
has been arrested.
"It is pointed out with satisfaction that
the Germans, although greatly reinforced,
apparently have been unable to follow up
the recapture of Lutzy."
The Vtlna-Moledltschno Railroad, lead
ing to Minsk, on tho second main line In
western Russia, continues to be the sccno
of the most violent fighting. The Uer
mans say they broke Russian attacks be
tween Smorgon and Wlschncw and cap
tured 1360 prisoners.
To the south Prince Leopold reports a
success, but tho German , War Office
statement shows the Russians are still
the attackers hero as well as nt most of
the othor Important points of the front.
General von Llnslngen, who Is direct
ing the operations In the southwest,
around Lutzk, with the fortress or Rowno
as tho objective, also claims headway,
PRESIDENT WILSON TRAYS
AT CABINET .MEETING
On His Knees Offers Thanks That
Country Has Been Spared From War
INDIANAPOLIS. Oct 2.-Blshop Wil
liam F. Anderson, speaking before the
Methodist Episcopal Conference here,
told the delegates how at a recent meet
ing of the Cabinet President Wilson
knelt In prayer offering thanks to God
that this country had been spared from
tho horrors of war. The bishop Bald tho
Incident had been related to him by a
United States Senator, who In turn had
been told of It by a member ot tho Pres
'"When the President arrived at the
Cabinet meeting," said the bishop, "his
face wore a. solemn look. It was evl
dent that serious affairs of the nation
were on his mind. He said to the Cabi
net members. I don't know whether you
men believe In prayer or not. I do. Let
us pray and ask the help of God.'
"And right there the President of the
United States fell upon his knees and
the members of the Cabinet did the samo
fejvV Ihe President offered a prayer to
God. While the war ragea in Europe
we In this country should thank God
that in this crisis of the world we have
a Chief Executive who is a servant of
God and who stands with his hand in
the hand of God."
The conferenco delegates sent a tele
gram to President Wilson expressing
their confidence in him.
GREAT LANDSLIDE IN PANAMA
CANAL WORRIES OFFICIALS
Impossible to Say When Great Move
ment Will Be Checked
WASHINGTON,. Oct. 2.-Officlals of the
War Department and the Panama Canal
Commission are greatly exercised today
over the big landslide which has blocked
the canal. The slide, known as the East
Culebra movement. Is notrth of Gold MIL
It already has closed tho great waterway
for moro thah three weeks, and officials
admitted today that they could not tell
when the canal would be opened.
"The slide Is still moving and It Is Im
possible to say when It will be checked,"
said the officials.
The seriousness of the blockade is
shown by the admission that on both
aides of the obstruction there are 76 ves
sels with an approximate tonnage of 223,
000 tons. The big transport Buford, with
the 27th infantry, en route for the Philip
pines, la held up on the Atlantic side.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 2.
For eastern Pennsylvania, partly cloudy
tonight; Sunday fair and slightly warmer;
gentle to moderate winds mostly west
The Eastern storm Is central oft the
New Jersey coast this morning and
spreads northwestward to the lower
Lake region. Rain continues in portions
of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New Tork
and. New England, but the storm's energy
is apparently well spent Another dis
turbance has caused showers in western
Canada and portions of the bordering
States. Fair weather Is generally re
ported from the great central valleys, the
cotton belt and the far southwest. The
temperatures are mostly seasonable in
all parts of the country.
U. S. Weather Bureau Bulletin
Observations Ukn at 8 a. in.. Eastern Tim.
8 lint Tlsln. Vloc
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FRENCH TAKE NEW
LINES AT V1MY HILLS
Continued from Pate One
enemy's front, notably at the railway
Junction of Gutgnlcourt
"At Amlfontalne our aviators shelled
effectively the Germans during the
MAKE FRESH ATTACKS.
After allowing the Germans to exhaust
themselves in counter-attacks the Allies
have begun a fresh series of assaults
south of Ypres, between the La Dassee
Canal and Arras.
The British and French are now within
striking distance of the aermans de
fending the Important railroad town ot
Following a let-up In the storms that
have been sweeping the Voiges moun
tains hard fighting has broken out In
The eighth day of the mighty battle
In the western theatre found no slack
ening In the power ot the Anglo-French
Fierce trench-to-trench fighting Is rag
ing In the Artols and along the front in
Champagne and tho Argonne, while the
greatest artillery duel of the war con
tinues, More than 3,000,000 shells have
been hurled In the past week.
French and British aviators have dam
aged many of the railways behind tho
German lines and tho Teutons are find
ing difficulty In shlpplrg fresh troops and
munitions to the front.
Verdun has been shelled by the Ger
mans, who used a gun with a range of
23 miles to carry on the bambardmeut
In the Champagne, where the Germans
are striving desperately to hold th8 Ba-zancpurt-Chatlerange
Railway, the Teu
tonic artillery Is using a new kind of gas
shell, which blinds the French Boldlers
with its fumes when It explodes.
GERMANS REGAIN TRENCH
It Is officially admitted that the Ger
mans were able to regain part of their
lost trenches from the British northwest
of Hullach, but the Allies have again
launched such a violent series of assaults
In that region that the German troops
holding the La Bassee salient are In dan
ger of being surrounded and cut off.
Northwest of Vlmy the Ficnch have
made further progress in tho Glvcnchy
woods and are sweeping the Arras-Lens
road with a deluge of shells. The French
village of Farbus. between Thelus and
Vlmy has been destroyed by shell llro
and flames set by the bombardment.
Between Auberive and L'Eplno de Ved
grange. In the Champagne, where tho
French are close to a narrow gauge
railway that the Germans ore using as
one of their lines of communication, the
Germans fired many volleys of poison
Extensive mining operations are re
ported from West Flanders.
The net results of the recent fighting
as drnwn from tho British, French and
German official statements, are believed
to bo these:
ALLIES GAIN GROUND.
First. The British have gained ground
on a flve-mtle front, completing their oc
cupation of Loos and occupying Import
ant positions near Lens. North of Loos
tho British have lost some of the newly
captured ground through German
counter-attacks and their advance, tem
porarily at least, appears to have been
Second. The French have recaptured
Souchez and an Important height west of
Vlmy and continue to make slight prog
ress In the Vlmy region southwest ot
Lens. The heaviest German counter
attacks apparently have failed to win
back any of the ground taken by the
Third. The French have advanced a
mllo to two and a. half miles on a 15
mlle front in tho Champagne region, and
at points are within two miles of the
Eazancourt-Challerange Railway, one of
the lines supplying 'the Crown Prince's
armies l'n the Argonne. The arrival of
German reinforcements and atrong Ger
man counter-attacks within tho laBt 21
hours appear to have checked the French
offensive In the Champagne, at least
Tourth. The German attempt to halt
tho Allies' offensive by making a lgorous
attack in the Argonne was a failure.
Booty taken by the Allies, according
to Purls official claims, now Includes
nearly 200 German guns.
SLAVS CAPTURE GERMAN
CONVOYS; STORM TOWN
PETROGRAD, Oct. 2.
The War Office at midnight made pub
lic the following official communication:
"German attacks in the region of
Mishof, on the railway east of Mltau,
were unsuccessful, German aeroplanes
threw bombs on the Ust-Dvlnsk-UIgs,
railroad and the station of Oger, but
without causing any military damage.
"In the region of Orendsen northwest
of Lake Swenten, after a fierce bombard
ment, the Germans attacked and seized
Borne of our trenches. The fighting con
tinues. "German attacks in the region of Ber
hof, on Lake Medmousk, or Medum, and
acalnst the defile near the northern ex
tremity of Lake Drisitiata were repulsed.
"We carried by assault the town of
Dunllovltch, northeast of Lake Medzlol.
The enemy also was dislodged from the
village of AJouny, in the Dunllovltch re
gion, and from the Medzlol station.
"In the region of the village of Gouti,
slightly east of Lake Narotche, our cav
alry attacked Infantry protecting enemy
convoys and seized a number ot wagons
and 70 prisoners. At another place we
captured over one hundred wagons and
horses and dozens of prisoners, many
Germans being sabred In the pursuit.
"Near the village of Gat. south of lake
Narotche, one of the German companies
was cut up. The survivors were made
ITALIANS HOLD MAIN
PART OF RECENT GAINS
War Office Admits Loss of Some
Ground to AuBtrians Fogs
ROME, Oct. 2.
The Italian War Office admits loss of
part of recent gain made in the Tolmlno
region, but claims to hold firmly a good
portion of the new line.
Fogs at other localities along the front
are being utilized to harass the enemy
and make minor gains. The War Office
"In the mountainous part of the the
atre of operations frequent heavy fogs
hamper the work or ine artillery, out
enable the Infantry sometimes to make
bold raids in smalt groups, approaching
the enemy's position, destroy the acces
sory defenses, open large breaches In
the barbed-wire entanglements and alarm
"In the Tolmlno section our troops dur
ing the night of September K attacked all
along the front from Urslt to Vodll
Monte Nero and the heights of Santa
Maria and Santa Lucia, succeeding, not
withstanding the enormously difficult ter
rain, rendered still worse by bad weather,
in conquering very strong enemy de
tachments and taWn a certain number
"The enemr In force counter-attacking
violently, the success we reaUced at the
price of strenuous erts ma tfee left wing
on the spurs ot Mrsll ad Vo4U could not
be maintained. On the right wing, on the
Wa&ts ot Ifcinta Mfrla vat Jhmta Lucia,
it xwm, m the (Wwy. nssliiH to
EVENING IEDGEE-PHIIADBLPHIA, SATUBDAY. OOTOBEB
ED ABBAND0NAT0 NEL
SETTORE DI T0LMIN0
I Success! dell'Artiglieria Itnli-
ann in Altn Montagrm Hanno
VERSO LA VITTORIA
ROMA, 2 Ottobre,
II Mlnlstro della Gucrra ha pubbllcato
II segulnte rapporto del gencrale Ca
dorna: "Nella parte montuora del teatro dclle
cierazlonl frcquentl c fltte nebble osta
colano 11 lavoro dell'nrtlgllerla, ma per
mettona nlla fantcrla qualchc volta dl
faro nudacl raids In plccoll gruppl, awl
cinandosi alio poslzlonl del nemlco, dls
truggendo le dltcse acccssorle, aprendo
luigho brccclc ncl retlcolatl metalllcl o
mettendo In nllnrmo II nemlco.
"Net setlore dl Tolmlno le nostre truppo
durnntc la notto del 30 Settembre attacca
rono II nemlco su tutto 11 fronto dal Mrzl
ft Vodll reglone del Monte Nero e dalle
nlturo dl Santa Lucia a Santa Maria,
rluscendo, nonostante lo enorml dlffico'ta'
del terreno, rese ancora plu' grand! dal
cattlvo tempo, a conqulstare fortissimo
poslzlonl trlncerato dal nemlco ed a faro
un crrto numero dl prlglonlerl.
"II nemlco In grandl forte contrattacco'
vlolcntcmento 1 nostrl, e not non potemmo
mantencre 11 succetso che avevamo con
qulrtato a prezzo I dl prar.dl sforzl. Sul
l'aln, destra, ulle alture dl Santa Maria
o Santa Lucia fu Invece posslblle a nol
dl fortlflrnrc e nianlcncrc II tcrrcno con
qulstnto." Ncssun rapporto del generate Cadorna
e ktato pubbllcato lerl sera dal Mlntstero
della Ouerra. E' probabllc che lo sara'
Qui a Roma ha prodotto sodlsfazlono
un dlscorso dl lord Kitchener, mlnlstro
delta Gucrra In Inghllterra. nel quale
l'lll'istre generate ha parlato In termini
nssal slmpntlcl detl'Italln o del suol suc
cess! mllltarl. Ecco quello che lord
Kitchener ha dctto a rlguardo dell'Italla:
"Vcrro la fine dl Magglo I'ltalla si
shlero' a flanco degll alleatl dell'Intesa
e comlnclo lo operazlonl offensive contro
('Austria. Con una scrle dl raplde e
brilliant! operazlonl dl fantcrla II suo
serclto nvnnzo' ed occupo' poslzlonl al
dl a' detla frontlera. asslcurandosl cost'
11 domlnlo dl tuttl 1 principal! pass! delta
Alpl Carntche e della frontlera del Tren
tlno. "I vantaggl geograficl e strategic! pos
sedutl prima dalla nemlca furono cost'
ellmlnatl e l'avanzata prlnclpale ltallana
su molte fortissimo poslzlonl potette
esscre Inizlata c condotta. a buon punto
sul fronte orientate, nella vallata dell'
Isonzo. flno nl marc.
"Le grandl dlfflcolta causate dalle Inon
dazlonl natural! o artlflclall furono
supernte con ardlte cofhuzlonl dl pontl
mllltarl In gran numero. L'occupazlone'
del Monte Nero In questo settore della
guerra italo-nustrlaca e' stata uno del
plu" brlllnntl successi dellc arml ltallane,
esegulta daele truppe alptne con la loro
lien nota ablllta' e con II loro grande
coragglo. I succesBl ottenutl dall'artl
gllcrla ltallana sono stat! veramente
rimarchcvull, e la manlera con cut 1 grossl
pezzl dl artlgllcrta furono trasclnatl in
poslzlonl rltcnute quasi lnaccesslblll, su
altl e dlfflcllt plcchl dl montagne, super
ando coil' enormi dlfflcolta', e' cosa che
ha destato lammlrazlone dl tutto 11
"Sotto I'lsplrazlone del loro re, asslsito
dal generate Cadorna, le truppe ltallane
occupano ora poslzlonl strateglcpe dl
jirlmlsslma Importanza; la valordsa con
dotta della fanterla dl llnea nel combat
tlmentl ha lmpresso nell'anlmo del nemlco
II grande valore dell'escrclto italtano,
mentre I'audacla dette truppe Alpine e
del Bersaglleria nella scalata dl montagne
Impervle e' stata un esempio meraviglioso
dl queto che puo' fare lo splrlto dl intra
prendenza accuptato all'ardlre,"
II MInlstero delta Marina ha annunclato
che 471 tra ufficlali e marlnal sono perlti
quando la corazzata Benedetto Brin e'
saltata In aria nel porto mllltare dl Brln
dlsl in segutto ad una esploslone. Nulla
nnctra la commlsslone dl Inchlesta
speclalmente nomtnata dal MInlstero
delta Marina ha potuto accertare circa
la causa del dlsastro.
Un telrgramma da GInevra dice che
l'llalla si prepara ad lnvlare nella Serbia
un escerclto dl 200,000 uomlnl non appena
gll austro-tedcschl inlzleranno I'offenslva
sulla llnea del Danublo e della Sava per
aplrsl II varco attraverso la Serbia verso
Si sa che ognl glorno arrlvano a Bel
grado artlgllerl trances! ed lnglest, e si
dice che un reparto dl artlgllerl russl e'
stato pure lnviato al fronto serbo plu'
dl un mese fa.
Da domanl, Domenlca, e per tutte le
Domenlche che segulranno, 11 Public
Ledger pubbllchera', per i lettort Hal-
ianl, un articoto in lingua ltallana nel
quale garanno splegate le mosse del
l'esercito ltallano in questa guerra che
c' la plu' popolare cho I'ltalla abbla mal
combattuto o nella quale tutta la nazlone
itallca segue 1 valorosl soldatl con il
plu' fervldo augurio dl completa vlttorla.
Un esperto dl cose mllltarl, che del resto
numerostsstml lettort Italian! conoscono
cl a' dla qualche anno, Bcrlvera' per 11
Public Ledger della domenlca un arti
coto dl commento sulla guerra ltallana.
Quegll Italian! che seguono gll avvenl
mentl dovrebbero segulre quest) artlcoll
di commento, net quail essl troveranno
splegazlonl e dllucldazlonl che permette
ranno loro dl valutare I successi e le
mosse del generate Cadorna.
TDRKS CLAIM MASTERY
IN BIG ARTILLERY DUEL
Allies' Mortars Silenced on Anafarta
Front, Constantinople Reports
CONSTANTINOPLE, Oct 2.
Turkish artillery has successfully en
gaged the Allies In a big gun duel on the
Dardanelles front, according to the fol
lowing statement Issued here today:
"On Friday the enemy vainly bom
barded our positions on the Anafarta
front. Our artillery silenced the enemy's
mortars and destroyed machine gun posi
tions. "On the Irak front. In the Persian Gulf
sphere, we surprised British forces that
had landed under the protection of gun
boats north of Kama. The enemy suf
fered severely. Throughout Wednesday
we repelled fresh British troops, four
times pur strength, which attacked us
LONG TRIP TO U. OF P.
Te Wu Lo Travels Half Way 'Round
Globe to College.
To Wu Lo, known at the University as
Richard T. Locke, circled half the globe
this fall ta reach Philadelphia. Ha sailed
from China to Honolulu and from there
to San Francisco. Locke had to make a
journey ot KM miles from bis native
Village before he reached the steamship
which was to carry him to Honolulu.
Locke la a graduate ot the Yale pre
paratory school, In China, of the Tslng
Jiua Colters there, and the Hunan Poly
technic Institute. He will live at mt Lo
DO YOU GO TO CHUXCH?
THE! J-BKACHINO WILL ME LP TOO
Wwttt mat ww irmwM MMMsai
wtiuam WBrnfiSrY Mt k
a Dfuitv nt tho mllltnrv situation
! 7HT .;? Vvnr.r-- -
perts to believe that tho forward efforts of tho Allies north of
Arras and cast of Rheims nro intended to be convcrRinir movements
which eventually may meet behind the present German railroad
centre south of Laon. The British offensivo, if successful, also will
havo tho effect of cutting the network of railroads lcadint? out of
Lille, by means of which the Germans keep their supplies replen
ished. The French push in tho Champagne would not only cut the
railroad lines from the Rheims section to the Argonne, but would
relieve the German pressure on Verdun. The success of these
moves might force a general German retirement back as far t as
Douai and givo back to France tho invaluable mining region
centering around Lens.
BULGARIANS TO AID
TEUTONS WIN WAY
Attempt to Cut Path to Relieve
furies Due to Start a Fort
Night Hence, London
SERBS TO BE CRUSHED
LONDON, Oct. 2.
Within a fortnight Bulgaria will Join
the Austro-Germans in combined attempt
to .cut a path through the Balkans to
Constantinople, according to Information
reaching hero today from reliable sources.
The Central Empire's plan is to crush
Servla by squeezing her between three
hostile armies. Tho Austro-Germans
will attack on her western and northern
frontiers. Simultaneity tho Bulgarians
aro expected to strike at the Serbs trom
the East. They plan to occupy Servian
Macedonia unless the Anglo-French
troops promised Servia by the Allies re
pel their invasion.
The allied capitals have no further
doubts about Bulgaria's intention. Both
London and Paris newspapers today ac
cepted Sir Edward Grey's statement of
yesterday as a certain forerunner of Bul
garia's entrance into tho war. The Lon
don press commented briefly, expressing
tho opinion that, by Joining the Austro
Germans, Czar Ferdinand is "backing the
wrong horse." .
PLAN OF BALKAN CAMPAIGN.
Anglo-French aviators with the Servian
army have disclosed tho Austro-German
plan of campaign, according to Nlsh dis
patches today. It provides for simulta
neous attacks on two fronts. German
troops are reported heavily massed be
tween the Save and the Drlna to Invade
eastern Servla. The largest force is con
centrated in the Hungarian district ot
Banat for an invasion through northeast
Servla to open the way to Turkey.
The action of the Greek Parliament In
voting war bills convinces the Allies that
Greece wilt enter the war when Bul
garia attacks. Rumania's attitude Is still
In doubt, though press dispatches from
Bucharest continue to report active mlll
The Entente Powers are expected to
send an ultimatum to Sofia within 43
hours, demanding an open declaration of
ITALY MASSING 200,000 MEN
TO REINFORCE SERB ARMY
GENEVA, Oct. 2.
Italy Is preparing to send 200,000 troops
to the Balkans to the aid c: Servla when
the expected Austro-German-Bulgar of
fensive begins, according to Rome advices
French and English artillerymen are
arriving at Belgrade almost dally, A de
tachment of Russian gunners is reported
to have been sent to the Servian front
more than a month ago.
ARE YOU OVER 5 FEET 47
If So You Can Qualify As a Post
Do you measure not less than five feet
four Inches in your bare feet I
If so, you may become a postoffice
clerk or city carrier, civil service ex
aminations for which are being held to
day at the Federal Building. If you are
a woman It doesn't matter how tall or
short you are, but you musn't be mar
ried. No man who weighs less than 125
pounds without his hat on Is eligible, but
a woman may weign anyining.
Applicants must be between 18 and 45
years of age, except those discharged
from United States military or naval
service because ot disability Incurred
through and during service. The salaries
at the start are ($00. 1900. 11000. 11100 and
tlJOO, according to the grade. Those ap
pointed must pass spelling, arithmetic,
letter writing, penmanship, copying from
plain copy and address reading testa.
SEAXi HSTATB rOK SAXJB
1 .11 iHMWBSMtmHMP'WMSM'"-'
nn tho western front has led ex
FUENCH LOSSES LIGHT
COMPARED WITH GAINS
IN CHAMPAGNE BATTLE
Terrific Artillery Bombardment
of German Trenches Before
Attack Greatly Reduced
MANY PRISONERS TAKEN
PARIS, Oct. 2.
From all sides come stories Bhowlns
that French losses In tho Champagne
region have been surprisingly light, con
sidering the nature of the fighting. The
officers fully expected to lose about 33 per
cent, of their men In Wiled, wounded and
missing. As a matter of fact, tho casual
ties averaged only about 11 per cent. This
was due largely to the magnificent artil
lery preparation, though countless ordi
nary slight wounds In the head were pre
vented by the new steel helmets.
The losses on both sides cannot be ac
curately estimated. The Allies claim the
capture of nearly 30,000 prisoners and re
port total German casualties of more than
150.000. Berlin reports that more than
12,000 British and French prisoners havo
been taken and describes the Allies' losses
as enormous, but attempts no estimate 3t
A corporal, who was wounded In the
heel, said that in many places the Ger
man trenches were literally leveled by the
pounding ot French guns and the German
occupants automatically burled.
"We charged across ftelas that were a
chaos of loose mud, kinks of shattered
barbed wire, shreds of German uniforms,
battered headgear, knapsacks, shoes, tin
cups and mutilated dead," he said,
A wounded machine gun operator said
he and his gun mates carried their gun
on their backs two and a half miles,
stopping occasionally "to tear oft a round
for the bouches."
"The new guns are beauties," he said.
"They fire twice as rapidly as tho old and
give you no trouble. The Germans melt
away before them."
A gunner who had been wounded In
the thigh reached a. Paris hospital 21
hours after he had been picked up, aa the
result of tho fine ambulance service.
ADVANCE TOO RAPID.
"There is far less suffering out there
than In the battle of the Marne," he
said. "On our own side I saw but few
dead. But they tell me that some of
our men who charged the boches too
rapidly were caught In advanced pockets.
They caught It from In front and from
both flanks. The fire Just blotted them
The new heavy artillery is wonderful,
the wounded men from the front declare.
Worn field pieces have been replaced by
new. Everything la In, shipshape. Offi
cers and men fully expect a great vic
tory. "Wo are on even terms now" In ar
tillery," said one officer, "and mark my
word we'll get them before we quit."
More Cadets for Annapolis
WASHINGTON, Oct i-Tlie Admlnls
tratlon will Indorse legislation in the next
Congress, Secretary of the Navy Daniels
announced today, to Increase the number
of cadets at the Annapolis Academy to
1200. They are now 800. Chairman Pad
gett, of the House Naval Committee,
will Introduce the bill.
Small Repairs NOW
May Save Thm far Years
Let our experienced men
va you an accurate report oi
elr condition without charge.
rttsWsntlal Work a tpsclalty
Real Estate Reefiag C.
M4.aS4 yallacs M.
Bi Tntmr lift. XtvtnBaf tin.
XEAXi ISTATK ffOR SAXB
Within City Limits
COB. 11TH CHAMVLOBT AV.
Far cm ef theoe dtiuil ned
era bb. with .very convtn
inM. Kw scavets, cbarefcts,
trslUys and train.
(Lt4 M1W ft.)
come Look mkm evmt
Tk Tork road trolley (far
5e.) to Nrdro av. (only 1U sn
stove OlRy av.) Tannins, ot
r. & l. dayST
OPPOSED TO BRINGING
ARMENIANS TO U. S.
Rov. H. Y. Ynrdumian Believes
Misery of Exiles Would
The transporting to America of all
Armenians now being driven from their
homes by the Turks would be to Impose
additional misery on a persecuted peo
ple. In the opinion of the Rev. Halg V.
Yardumlan, vice president of the Armen
ian National Defense Union and moder
ator of the Evangelical Alliance of Amer
ica. In his home at 724 South COth street tho
Rev. Mr. Yardumlan discussed today the
plan advocated by Henry Morgenthau,
United States Ambassador to Turkey,
who has signified his willingness to con
tribute 11.000,000 toward bringing exited
Armenians to America and to raise an
additional $4,000,000 In this country for
"The project seems humane on tho
surface," the Rev. Mr. Yardumlan said,
"but there Is evidently a dlplomatlo
handicap that hinders Mr. Morganthau
from doing something belter than im
porting a dependent group of women, old
men, children, diseased persons and
cripples to the United States.
. WOULD ADD TO MISERY.
"I do not wish to say anything further
on the political significance of the matter
nt tho present time, but I can say that
tho bringing of these people to America
would add to tho misery of an already
unhappy race. Such a sudden change
would In Itself bo a sudden and crushing
blow, but one which would please tho
Young Turks mightily, as It would further
their desire to remove every Christian
element from their Mohammedan country.
Tho Rev. Mr. Yardumlan then explained
that the Turks have practically destroyed
all of the young-able-bodied Armenians
by putting them In tho first ranKs oi Dai
tle. whore they have been killed, and
shooting as traitors those who objected
to this manifestly unfair persecution. In
addition to this he asserts that the ex
iled Armenian families have fcecn split
up. the children under 10 years of ago
being tnken In hand by TurkB to be con
verted to the Mohammedan faith, and
the women sent to the most remote and
pestilent parts of tho empire.
"DIPLOMACY AND SWORD."
"To lndure these people to como to
America and throw away every possi
bility of reassembling their families
would not only be difficult, but cruel,"
he said. "Here is tho only feasible plan
which can be brought to the rescue ot
"Dlptomatlo pressure, backed by the
owords ot the neutral countries, should
be brought on the Turks to make them
give the Armenians free passage to a
place of safety on the western coast ot
Asia Minor, a neutral zone, which could
be under the protection of tho Red Cross
of the United States, Holland and Swit
zerland. At the conclusion of the war It
would bo a simple matter to decide tho
future habitat of the exiles."
Eight Couples Wed at Elkton
ELKTON, Md Oct. 2. Only eight
couples eloped to this town today and
were married. They were John R. Kelly
and Frances R. Moss, Benjamin J. Burt
and Edith Whtte. of Philadelphia: Carl
Butler and Margaret Bennett, Chester;
Harry Scott and Deil H. Wilson, Bryn
Mawr; Jacob Zaretsky and Rose Auert
sky. of Reading; Leo T. Mullen, Norris
town, and Emma S. Laverty, Consho
hocken; Otto Schoernborn and Julia
Mallen. Camden, N. J., and William Davis
and Ethel Thomas, 8t George's, Del.
Grand Prize, Panama-Pacific
Grand Prize, Panama-California Exposition
San Diego, 1915
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Established 1780 DORCHESTER, MASSACHUSETTS
Old King Coal May Levy
Your coal may cost you more this winter. Across
Pennsylvania's great anthracite region there
rumbles the sinister rumor of a coal war! The
three years' agreement between the miners and
the mine owners expires in April and the miners
may refuse to renew it on the present terms.
To ascertain the exact situation the PUBLIC
LEDGER sent, a Staff Correspondent over the
whole mining region, antf his intimate report of
the situation as it stands today will commence in
Sunday's PUBLIC LEDGER. The price of coal is
a domestic problem which affects you, your com
fort and your pocketbook. Read the review of the
mining situation. It comraencea in
NAVY DEFENSE NEEDS
WELL BE CONSIDERED
Secretary Daniels Expected to
Ask for Four !Ncw Battle
ships a Conference
MORE AIRSHIPS WANTED
WASHINGTON, Oct 2,-Tho first !
mo conferences on nauonai defense,
which are expected to revolution! ih.
military policy of the United Stales, will '
be held at tho Whtto House next Mnnj
day, when tho need of a stronger navy t
wm uu cuimuKicu, iiiiv win do uie first
discussion of this subjoct between Prttl. "
dent Wilson and Representative Padgett,
chairman ot the House Committee en
Tsfnvnl Affalra Tt In MinnlHjtr. . ..-
........ . .i.u n ujg ,j-
rrrnlwt moment nn In Mr. TiftAfn.,,,. ,!
..fimmlttn mlttot nrirlnnfA all .ha..... !
for raising the additional revenues neces
sary for a preparedness program.
Participating in this conference will be Ji
mlral Benson, Chief of Operations, u, .
Daniels said today that ho has not ytWw
&eiuea upon uio pruuniazi no will asic Ur.f
wnson io approve. is Known, how-
v, fc...v .... 4'a-"'..w ., ,cil CXft,
i'l LL-u uiivii uiu ovucuiijr uy luo iNaVal'A
ucncrai , uoara, ncaaea uy Admiral -i
Dowey, for four battleships. From slit.
Bides tho necessity for additional swift-!
moving crait or ine name cruiser typs
Is being urged. That thcro will be h
great Increase In numbers of submarines
Is forecast everywhere in naval circles.
When Secretary Daniels faced a croud
of 15U persons tho other day at the open
ing of submarino bids, whero previously
a dozen or so only had been in attend-.
ancc, ho observed: a
"This is a sure Indication that BUbma-'
rlncs aro moro popular than they used a
Some close observers freely predict thai
the new program will call for 100 sift
mcrslbles, some 25 moro than now are In
A liberal allowance for aircraft wilt be 'M
sougnt. 'ino last vuuftrc3 oiuzea me i
wav for the development of an air fleet "Nl
by appropriating 31,000,000. It is likely that
the forthcoming program will call for the
cxnendlture of four or flvo times that
amount. As to increase in personnel, 1
is tnougni mat uuuui ju.vw aaaiuonai
men Nvlll be Bought, of whom 2000 will be
crlvnn in thn marine COTDS,
In tho near future President Wilson whl.$
hold a similar conference with Secretaryjf J!
Garrison nnd cnalrman liny ot tne liout
Military Affairs Committee, when the
needs of the new army will be given con-'5
Secretary of War Garrison and Secre-!) j
tary of the Navy Daniels nave received
n series of reports from munitions fac-
tones in an sections ot mo country,
showing their capacity for turning ou,t ,
Buna, cartridges ana otner implements oi
Tnese ngures were preaenien io vno
departments with tho understanding that ,
iney snouia nut ue muuo uuuuu rur,
this reason it was impossible today Jo J
get an accurate outline of the Increased
capacities during the last year. It Is
understood, however, that there has been
an average increase of approximately ;,
2000 per cent In many of the plants,
rinlnance exnerts now aDixar to be
satlsnca mat tne unuea oiaies mu n fi
reason to rear tnat tne national aeiensa,!,
would be weakened by a shortage ofu
munitions In the event of war.
The figures collected by both depart- 1
ments have been tabulated and will D
presented to President Wilson with the
reports of the Secretaries, ij
Exposition, San Francisco, 1915
K ? '