Newspaper Page Text
WJBUC UCDCKR COMrANY
crl H K. CU1IT1H, l'siarMi .
T. l-aSIa on. Tito I'lMlcKntiJshnC. Martin,
n rr u T, rniiip o
Colllna, John n.
Cir H K cbti, Chairman
V '"MAI-Kr . . i:utlt Editor
W C. MAHTI.V
Central fiualnm Uanater
rtMIM Htlr t Puauo LtMti Dulliilnt.
tanlaimaanc Bquaia, PblladalfiM.
1 M Camat,,.,. . .Ureti and ChfMnut Ptreata
tuim Citlni...) JTcaa-ttilan Building
fit Vac. ,..,.,. . ITO-A. Metropolitan Towtr
t'mmr . . .. . H20 i-oti llulldlni
fr l.CiHa.,.,, .... 00 Ulnba Drtnocrnt llulldlnc
i rno, .,.,,, 1V..I., .lltOJ Tribune HullAiia;
l4-ox, ,.,,,,, .-,,4 Waterloo Plata, rail Mall, 8 W
WasHtfataK BraC.... , ...Tha roll fli-tidlnc
Nt Yew MratiD ., .,,. Tit Tmt nalldlnr
niu, mhv. ... .... . . no KriK,."chtri
tnmw Seainu,,. 2 Tall Mall ran'. B. W.
rtaia snaaac ,S2 nu LnHa la Oram!
r oarrtar, PiTtT OftT, alt eant Br nwll rtpM
eiiteti'e of rhlladtlDhla. irM whar fo1an nutate
ta raaiilfed, Daltt oyvt, ona month twanty-flvacfntaj
riLT uklt. pn jut, mraa aouara All man aun
tbtleaui payabla In arlrane
lotlca Bulwrlbat rrlahlna: aHre ehanrel muat
nli 4a wall aa new addrm
'w WALNUT KETSTONT. MAtV 0W
AUrrtt all nniinilcnHana lo Srfitltfl
par, nlBilCA Sljaorf, rniladtlpMo.
tit t rnu.ioit.rnu roarorrtcs is itoo.iD
tt cuss xiit, umn
tVVKRAOH NST PAID DAILY CinCUIV
ION OP TUB EVENING LEDGER
FOB AUQU8T WAS 63,018.
'BELttliA. SATURDAY, 5F.rTF.MDEn U, 191J.
I ' ' ' s
tcowM nltcayi have good company,
J o vourself e worth companion
iADKLPHIA does not want Ha costal
ico Improved backwards. There has
Sf much Improvement already In dlf
iutches,of the Government admln
?n along- tho lines of savin? 0 cents
i spigot and losing 10 timer a touch
hunghole. In tho form of Inferior
V bean suggested that the threat to
tint's pneumatic mall distribution Is
r but a trick to force a better con
front the operating company. It so,
i petty method of doing business, un
y of a giNflt Government
ladelphla has a right to resont tho sort
1 atal service which has been given the
'or many years. Long: ago the post
building Itself should have been lm
r d. So, too, there have ov6r and again
wholly unwarranted delays In mall de
ls, hot only In the residence but also
,5 buslnass districts.
jlnes men are right In protesting
"ist iiy pl.n to cripple the servlco now,
tmae" the pretense of improving it.
rimatia tubes tako seconds whero auto-
wbl'ea take minuses. The Government is
jgtged In selling Jthp transportation of
mmunlcatlon. The essential element of
ch service Is speed.
TRUE AND TRIED
SPOKESMAN for the people's interests
-. li Councils, Robert D. Drlpps during re
nt years has rendered conspicuous serv
Ve has been an ever-ready champion of
' geernment, & vigilant servant and sen-;-t
ijLyjen who at great sacrifice to hlm
plant puted his efforts to the better
shades, conditions. Ho has been a
the""" the Publlc- often ,n c'roun
contl Vhlt'ht well have dampened the
the v of -tarLf less nervo and force.
Judgeptnnce of"4iio otllco vacated by,
tb orter Is an assurance to tho people
Thepn,a tnat tho administration of
4 to rarn'nt w"1 continue to bo char
than y sagacity, efficiency and honesty,
danclracn of this sort welcome the op
giU'tO hter the public service no man
jjspalr of tho Republic or of municipal
ti) .-. -
' JTLING IN THE GRAVEYARD
fa - -
tnny one heard rumors of a meeting
I the Democratic leaders to discuss
Isdoip of nominating a full national
most alert newspapers have not yet
f& that such a meeting is planned,
ler have they said that tho Republican
ppr-X Committee Is seriously considering
""tofnerp docide whether It will
The cornerstctlon of delegates to a
Church, Qini leaders, however, who
M-TlttV that 'their party had
White, pr-nd that they would remain
Band, of death their doath have Just
ley ChULter a con,erence- ot which
- churche"nd out whether tho party was
, in a cataleptic state, that they
convention and nominate a ticket
even they, after all their boast-
T.aia matter of course. They In-
the party Is alive, but this means
at thev am wtilatllnrr in kn 4ili
J up until they get out of the grave-
WOMEN OF AUSTRIA
TITBROKEN world will not hesitate
to give thanks to the women of Austria,
all their slqtcra of Europe, they have suf-
the 1!acknesa of war and have worked
.Ically to relievo Its sufferings. For that
ww.v. , ..., ...-..
at the world must thank them for is
"statement, made a few days ago, that
have stood by the bedsides of the dying
nave heard no humiliating abuso of their
lau Neither do thq women speak In
'H- an4 bitterness of heart. Where eor-
so great there Is little room for hatred.
women of this country have been
ith agonies of Europe. It would be
' the men wouia learn irom Austria's
to stand fast against the doctrine of
CW KIirifKT RTinPPINfJ
wsMu tn bft fihout rina far nn.
murtmg.rjr '- ': ,...., .;.
a Uuf yJtvKffllslvil1, au UIA fcfo "Uv).b
pmml ! saMsht ronsternatlon to the
JontjrkC.AfJrtl, jio. The suspension of
gt, ""sr. oi Pittsburgh, by the New
7, YtrZMfrm tor yew or1 the
uek filkh brttfffum trm KM bn
'" Vl4t ,af -e ntUaurgh ticket
lS& t iwva feteia. 4ecsced If there
"WMrt rto 1 the prices of the "war
too d"ubtWa fajjpoQiiibla for the in
m?J,ulr tn" T,Wl,l nKMSii in thi
Jil, r Erry legitimate broker
Attd t h bucket .shop is merely a
Mtoaw where men Wt on thrl
" jri-, . without th C
e II in. ar? rtinr o
jliila il i ri4t) JioVf Mi
m flM l.n
M iaj as r
own to cover th rs.vidulent ,Mture of th
regular bustnrss, ftut the New Tork Stock
Exchange and the Stock Exchange In Phila
delphia have mode atrlngont rules forbidding
their membci-j .o havo any dealings with the
The bucket shop has been Illegal In this
State since 1907, when a law was passed de
fining the Institution, declaring that every
man who maintained one was guilty of a
misdemeanor and providing that evidence wt
a completed transaction was not necessary
to prove guilt, but that an offer to make a
bucket shop deal was sufficient. The law
further defines all bucket shop trades as
gambling, and all contracts of the kind aro
hull and Void.
Now that the action of the Now York Ex
chango has called attention to the stale of
affairs in Pittsburgh, the criminal authorl
ties of Allegheny County cannot fcegln too
soon to enforce the act of 10T; for tho
bucket shop Is not onty a gambling houso
but tho crookedest kind of a gambling houso,
whero the outsider has no chsnee to win.
NO DODGING THESE QUESTIONS
TwrcNICHOIi and tho Vares have made up
J-Vl tholr minds that Bmlth shall go through
this campaign without making promises to
anybody except themselves. Tho candidate
has no platform, unless some generalities
which have escaped him may bo so called.
Ho Is for "progress," but the trouble Is (that
to men of tho puppet typo "progress" too
often means pacing back at maximum speed
to tho repudiated methods of long ago.
Rut Mr. Bmlth is not going to crawl into
office without letting the peoplo know Just
whero ho stands. There are certain things
essential to tho future well-being of this
city, so essential that the electorate cannot
afford to permit any man to become Mayor
without knowing his position definitely and
The Evening Lr.Dann has some questions
which It will ask Mr. Smith as the campaign
progresses. They will requlro explicit an
swers and they must not be dodged.
LAWMAKING BY INTERPRETATION
SECRETARY REDFIELD has begun to
amend tho seamen's act by interpreting
out ot It the language provision inserted by
Congress. He has Just ruled that the section
requiring officers and crew to understand tho
same language does not mean what it says.
The crew may speak any languago under
the sun so lohg as the officers havo learned
In that language the commands necessary to
direct them In their work, or so long as the
crew understands the commands of tho ofll
cer whether they know his language or not.
He says further that the sole purpose ot the
language test section Is to secure the safe
navigation of the ship, and that it is not In
tended to cause embarrassment to the ship
owners. This Is a good beginning. Now If the Sec
retary of Commerce will continue to Interpret
out of the aot all the other obstructive and
oppressive features, American shipowners
will be under no worse handicap than before
the act was passed. Ho would better do 't
quickly before- Congress assembles and begins
to make trouble for him.
THE MESSAGE TO THE NATION
THE registration lists are Philadelphia's
message of Republicanism to the nation.
Two hundred and eleven thousand reg
istered as Republicans.
Twenty-one thousand registered In tho
Only 25,000 registered as Democrats.
Practically all of the 22,000 w' registered
as non-partisan believe In Protection.
Ten out of every 11 voters in Philadelphia
aro for Protection, by thg record. Dut 1 In
11 favors a tariff for revenue only, or freo
trade, or any part of the theory that tho
way to assure prosperity In this country is
to pauperize the workmen. .
, That Is the message tho registration lists
carry to the nation. It Is enough. The
municipal election Itself will simply tell
what ISnd of Republican this great Repub
lican city wants a clean-cut, forward
looking Republican or a Republican of the
crab type, a puppet of bosses, a dummy
who Is part and parcel of the masquerade
which was for so long the tragedy of Phila
delphia. FORTUNES IN FEES
NO BANKER ever floated a big public loan
without being denounced as a thief bo
cause the usual fees allowed In such cases
amount to a large sum. The bankers negoti
ating with the representatives of the Allies
will not escape denunciation. The fees or
commissions asked for raising the money aro
reported to be at tho rate of one-half of ono
per cent. This would amount to 2,fi00,000 on
a loan of half a billion dollars. The man who
thinks that It Is a crime to pay any ono mora
than S1000 a year regards It as a high treason
for any one to have as much as a million dot-,
lara and language falls him to describe the
offense of a syndicate of bankers that will gt
two and a half times as much for a few
It Is not necessary to defend the fee or com
mission system. That Is adjusted by the
necessities of business, and the men in busi
ness conform to the rules of the game. Thny
know that bigness Is not necessarily vicious
and that virtue does not invariably clotho
littleness In a garment. It may be remarked
that however big the total of the fees paid
for raising the Anglo-French loan may be,
the men who receive them will earn every
penny of the vast amount before they finish
Still another site has been suggested for
the. Convention Hall.
A no-fuslonlst Is sometimes nothing more
than a bl-partlatn gangster.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Is proving In
Colorado that he Is a pretty good mixer.
When Ja(jnese soldiers fight beside the
Russians von Mackensen wilt retreat still
Vice President MaMhaH la bck In Wash
ington again saying nothing to the extent
pf a column, as usual,
The Indianapolis courts seem to thjnk there
is something wrong when a candidate t
the- primaries polls more votes than wire
Dllg ) olferlng H,H for that National
Dtsfteeratto Cvtio. Jt -why ato tk
Pesaec?st JajoU eaHtar. Xvwy MM
kaows Kat It wiU 4.
THE RETURN OF
A RUSSIAN GENERAL
KuropatkJn, Recalled by tho Cznr in
1005, Is Recalled Again Ten
Years Later, But This
Time to a Real Job
By ELLIS RANDALL
THE disappearances and reappearances of
men In Russian public life aro of sur
prising frequency Tho present wnr Is likely
to bring back Into prominence tho man who
commanded the armies of tho Czar through
most of tho Rurso
Japanese War, nnd In
the spring of 1905 was
recalled for falluro to
deliver the goods
Kuropatkln, hero of
fights from tho arctics
to tho equator, schol
ar, historian, geogra
pher, statesman, ad
ministrator. Already It
Is reported In tho Rus
sian press that Em
poror Nicholas Is com
mander - In - chief In
nnmA nnlv rinrt 4f.it
GEN. KUROPATKIN . manor nt lctt8t
one of tho principal men behind tho Slav
resurgence that even Uorlln cannot deny Is
General Kuropatkln, "recalled" again.
Ills namo must bo added td the long lis
of sexagenarian commanders In tho present
conflict. He Is 67 years old, nn hereditary
noble of Pskof. His ancestry runs back to
tho Czars of Moscow, with a tradition that
stretches across tho centuries to Odln aid
Thor. At tho ago of 18 ho entered the army.
Ho wanted work, hard work, as always
through his long life, and so, ecornlng nn
appointment In the fashionable Imperial
Guards, ho chose a commission In th'o
Turkestan Rifles. And from then on his
career Is rich In dramatic color. Tho Btage
potting has varied the northern lights over
tho fiozon Neva River: the Arabian Nlchts'
country of Tashkent and Samarcand: Paris
of tho Debacle: n moonlight oasis In tho
Fahrra: tro Tartar cities under the roof ot
the world; tho blue Danube, Plovna, tho Bal
knna; tho brigand-ridden Turcomnn steppes;
the shores of the Caspian; tho ruins of Merv,
and then ngaln tho wintry Neva, tho war
mlnlBtry, tho Russian nrmy, tho Far East
and then obscurity.
Covered With Glory
In theso years he has received every
decoration for valor that his sovereign has
it In his power to bestow. And he wears
them all a carload of Icons, amulets and
crosses cover his breast. He knows full well
the value of tho theatrical pomp and brag
gadocio that appeal to the hearts of his
soldiers. Ostentatiously he slaps on the back
his "brother" Ivan, tho private. But ho is
a cold-blooded calculator, a, student who
loses no details of tho problem before him.
And despite his misfortunes It Is probablo
that today, as In 1904 and 1905, he Is tho Idol
of his soldiers. For he la n great "leader of
men" like most of the military heroes In
In tho Russo-Turklsh war ho fought by
the side of Skobeleff, and at Plevna he saw
8000 of his chiefs 18,000 men fall In a slnglo
battle before the enemy's fire. The only
RuRslan officer not killed or wounded, ho
led a bravo 300 men In n charge against a
Turkish battalion. Only a hundred returned,
but the Turks had boon driven Into the
famous Redoubt No. 13. This is but one of
his many brilliant and brave exploits.
Much of his famo rests on his ability as
an organizer. As a youth ho helped reor
ganize tho French cavalry. This was after
the Franco-Prussian War. So valuable were
his servlcos considered that he was mado
an effleer in the Legion of Honor the first
Russian to receive the distinction. After
wards he reorganized the Russian army, nnd
in 1898 was appointed Minister of War.
For soven years provipusly he was Gov
ernor of Transcaucasia. He succeeded, after
others had failed, in pacifying the wild
hordes of Turcoman robbers. Ho built rail
roads and carriage roads, churches and many
public buildings. Thirty schools and colleges
were opened, and a Judicial department was
organized. Ho Induced Ihe natives to tako
to cotton planting, which Is now the principal
Industry of the country. A rare thing for a
Russian Governor, he brought happiness nnd
prosperity to his conquered province. Among
his other works of peace, If they may bo so
called, aro several volumes of military his
tory and strategy.
The Seesaw Goes, Up Again
The causes of his removal from supreme
command In.tho Far East have been tho sub
ject of much discussion, but this seems to be
sure, that he was hampered by intrigues and
Jealousies and by meddlings of various sorts
on tho part of officers at the front nnd In
competent advisers of the Czar back in 8t.
Petersburg. The history of tho campaign
was ono of Imperial orders and orders coun
termanded and a whole lot of petty inter
ference. Administrative corruption had a
part, and supplies and money for suppllos
were stolen. The unreadiness of Runsla for
war, the childish presumption of Russian
diplomacy, the hopeless failure of tho Rus
sian navy, the Inferiority of many, of tho
troops first dispatched to the seat of war, tho
Incompetence of Russian generals and of
the Headquarters Staff la the field, the np
palling difficulties of reinforcement, supply
and transport, and, worst of all, the marked
superiority of the Japanese army as an In
strument of war, which gradually became
disclosed during the course of operations, all
served to extend to Kuropatkln no small
measure ot public sympathy. But when war
between great nations la concerned, and
when rulers pr people gamble for empire with
men's lives as counters, the question of th
Individual Is a matter of Infinite unimport
ance compared with that of the achievement
of national end. It Is a general's business to
succeed, and tho Russian commander failed.
And now, It seems, Kuropatkln is needed
by thq Czar He came out of the Russo
Japanese war without losing all of his repu
tation as one of the greatest of the world's
military men. He Is a man ot lon will, yet
unbroken, and now comes another pwortu
nlty for Its exercise. Skobeleff said e-f him
that he was the elit aad hardt-Herved
man he had ever Uftder Hr.
m - ii i ii i a an a-
VOTEKrl WITK IINSE OF HUMOR
"Woman' rlsht ! tk right of freedom from
political duties,'' says an "nti" poter tn New
York in hug letters. Why should My ens ask
to b reed from a duty? It In cm of the
greatrst anewllas of th praau reo-eavly
realm that the duty t -wmni'
1 m1U kh4 taw oaMiKr to pwtarm ttas
avaty Is 4 dad. Tk year with ny mum or
llttaaor May tMWWi mm na awaamnjr
M vqt MSSSjSJMP
TL-'. '-i i ii , ,,j.
SATtJBDA?, SEPTEMBER '23. 19X5.
"THANK GOD THAT WE CAME TO THIS
SAND IN THE BARRELS OF "FLOUR"
Story of an Indian Siege, as Told by Andy McGilligan, "Who
Takes Occasion to Preface the Tale With a Few Remarks
on Public Opinion and Why Men Go to War
By B. K. LITTLE
MORE than onco before I have had occa
sion to- hold up my friend Mr. Andrew
McGilligan to public, approval. As Mr. Mc
Gilligan Is still under .cr, and gives promise,
of Improving still further upon tho excel
lent man he has always been, t'm occasion
Is very apt to occur ngaln.
At every election tho cynics among us have
plausllilo reason for proclaiming that the
average American never thinks; that he
has his thinking dono for htm, as he ljns
his hair cut and his boots polished. Mr.
McGllllgnn refutes this foul calumny. Ho
refutes It In himself. I don't mean that ho
cuts his own hair. But he certainly docs
his own thinking. And Mr. McGilligan la
much mora than a prosperous Phlladclphlan.
He Is certainly more the typical American
than tho traditional Uncle Sam of the dally
cartoon. Ho Is forever examining hlo life,
and American life, all life, for that matter,
with everlasting curiosity and with consid
erable skill. And always he turns up some
thing of value.
Flicking Ashes Where They Please
For Instance, ono evening not long ago,
McGilligan fell to talking about war.
"Do you know what causes war?" sold
"Yes," said I.
"No you don't," said Andy. "The cause
of war 1b wives."
"It's true. I don't mean that men like to
kill each other. But they do like tho camp.
They like to get away together, where they
can flick their ashes where they please, nnd
express themselves as forcibly aa they llko
when things go wrong, and cut away tho
foolish distinctions that creep In nmong
them at dinner parties and everywhere clso
where the Influence of wives is dominant
They, get tired of tho everlasting necessity of
having to bo slicked up and politepolite to
Brown becauso he Is rich and his wife Is
In society, nnd lmpollto to Jones because
ho Is not rich and his wife Is not In Hoclcty.
That's why men go to war. For a chance
to break away and be dirty and bo friends
with whom they llko. When they get tired
of that, too, they get a shave, nnd run
home, and take up ngaln the burden and
the boro of being civilized."
That a profound truth resides In this novel
Idea, no husband will dony. Not that It
refers to anything In tho day's news. I
merely throw it out In tho hopo that a little
ot It will soak Into our wives and assist
them to temper tho tyranny of their re
finement. Lust evonlng McGilligan had been reading
the newest murder trial he had seen re
ported In his paper. It moved him to sev
eral profound observations, and to what I
thought a rattling good story. Tho Frank
case, tho Carman case and a few other cele
brated .trials of recent history passed un
der Andy's review. And he came out of
It with the opinion that with the newspaper
what It is now, no murderer will ever ngaln
bo tried by a Jury of 12 men, The news
paper has seen to It that every murderer is
tried by a Jury of the whole country,
"The real Judge In all our courts today,"
said Andy, "is public opinion. It never
mattered for a minute what the 12 men
who heard the case against Leo Frank de
cided. The- country sat on Frank nn4 pro
nounced him Innocent Or anyway, It de
cided that he was not to be hangod."
''But," said I, "tho public mar be wrong!"
"Why more so than any 12 of Its menT"
was Andy's retort. "& single .man and! he
not a Judge may be right. Listen to this:
One day when I was a poy, Just old enough
to remember well, a very old man pf my
WHAT IS FOREIGN EXCHANGE?
An Untechnlcal Explanation of an Im
portant Term Much In th News
Many people cenfuve the value of the Kntflah
pound sterling or, " vaetgn wh the value ot
Arsft on iniofl. The ffeM ia an BnglUh
Aoverolfa U wertfe, Mad wttl continue forever
ta t -worth, (,M and a fraction In American
old. A draft eat L4n, hewever, expracMS
enly wht tb AmrieM bunlur. er merchant U
Tiy to r fee an r4er esWtltng him to o
many tvataTn In L4on, It Is not tho aov.
erelm that has fslla from M.M to .W. but
the price of drafts.
Mrf Smith, M American, stlU a thousand
pounds of attrttag worth of cotton to Mr
VrowR, an BaflUhmaMi in London. Tha price
asra4 ui for all saieh transaction U com
ntoatly KfMawed Ifl 'HliigHsti meoey pounds,
hllllaaw am) paaaa. In erttaary tlm the
aJMtel tthatis If ft faUowtl Mr, Snaks, Mka
draft h Mr, Brown r a thousand panaA
If aattl, It a oho, a m wy
acquaintance took me on Tils knee and told
mo a little Incident of his own early youth.
I nover daro recall what he told me on a
dark night, when I'm nlone In the house.
Yet that man lived to bo more than 90.
And I remember even now his perfect calm
as he told It.
A Tear for the Indian
"He made me see that little settlement in
tho Pennsylvania woods, with Its 10 tidy
farms and its central stockade. People
squeeze a tear for the Indian today," Andy
broko off to muse, with a few graceful at
tentions to his cigar. "And yet our good
peoplo gavo tho Indian his chance. Not
merely that, they set him an example of
"Well, that particular year In the little
settlement up-State was very dry. Tho cab
bages withered, the wheat was parched and
Just ready for the torch, and the settlors'
only rain was the rain of arrows Into, their
stockade. Yet the' oak palings that fprmed
that stockade were not more firm and stout
than the hearts that defended it inside, Even
tho women could shoot.
"And this was the third siege they hud
withstood, mind you. Thoy had plenty f
powder and ball, a good spring of water nnd
a bravo man Bcoutlng toward Philadelphia
for help. More than all else they had a
plentiful reserve store of flour and hams that
they had prudently ordered a month before
from a trader In Philadelphia.
"But tho siege dragged on. To tho red man
It was only a game. To the white, I fancy,
It was something more. The arrows multi
plied as tho powder diminished. Yet always
help was on the way, they felt sure. And
always there were tho extra barrels of flour
nnd hums In reserve.
"At Inst, though, the day came when noth
ing was loft but that extra store. And they
knocked In n barrel and then a second bar
reland a third.
"And they found nothing.
"That .trader had taken I their money and
aent them sand sand and death. That fol
low had packed the end of their slego in the
first of his barrels.
"For three days longer they starved. Some
how the devils outside must havo sensed
what had happened, It was only a choice
then of TVhlch It should be a quick shnt
within, or hell outside. Those pnlnted fiends
would bo sure to mako up for the long wait
they had beon given. '
The End of the Siege
"And there wero the women.
"The order was given to each father a
shot for each one of his family, nnd a last
for himself. Fire arrows wore coming by
then, and tho time was short. My old
friend as a boy saw It all.
"Ono by ono tho guns spoke. Only one
of tho men balked a father with an only
daughter. Ho didn't much care to shoot.
"Whon the devils Anally broke In, a lone
boy was left. And they took him away, to
Improve their race with his breed. But after
a month he escaped, and reached Phila
delphia. "Here he might have lived on the rest
of his life without mord Incident. Neverthe
less anothor exciting incident did occur to
"One evening, when he wa$ on his way
Home from work on n farm, a chaise ap
proached him on the road a very elegant
chaise:. And In the chaise was that well
known trader, the very man. Incredible
ye there to was." '
"WcIlT" I said, breathlessly.
For a moment Andy smoked In silence
"You see," he said, finally, "circumstances
had for the time being created that young
fellow Judgp, Jury, public opinion, nnd all."
to London and get the thouaand sovereigns but
the pcn of uch a method of cettlnir his
money would be so great as to be prohibitive
Mr flmlth-s olllce la In New YcYk. TheS f,
another merchant In New York, Mr. Jones, who
owes money In London. He has bought Eng
lish good ana waat, to pr for thew. fjke
Mr, ftsiMh, he deaa net want to send a men.
gyr toUMw with his mey. He is leoklnr
about for Wj iami pf paying his Mil eaaily
ami chearty- He ft4 et it I felj Tthit
th la ahar SMrcnant. Mr. Smith, who haa
drawn draft on London fer thousand
pounds. He fcuys It of Mm thro.h the Uak
and mIU the draft t0 lnion. Mr. Brown
throuah his BnaMsh banker, honors the drift
Mr, Jones thus easily pay, j,ls dt, and Mr
Smith with equal eftieget, the mwl',y ? Ms
cot, ton, '
In OHMtMiry Uwai Mr. Jonea wUl not pay Mr
akMfh HXht or ftMt.M far tha than
atad pound aratt, e will dadtact tha tataraat
for tha U tha aaft la in trajwk aaa Ua
asaauat far aatna otter ntaar Tantas This
raauaa ttat vim af a an tTSmmmim
London to IS4. which Is the standard rate,
with slight fluctuations. Gold is shipped In
ordinary times from England to America or
from America to England only in small quanti
ties, because the barter or exchange of prod
oets between the two countries Is such that
the builness "betweon them, as In the case ot
Bmlth, Jonea and ' Brown, can be settled by
drafts. This Is why nil American tourist In
Europe are nble to take their money In th
form of letters of crcdl or travelers' checks.
In this abnormal time of war, however. Im
portations from England to this country are
Interrupted and checked. Tho large sums of
money ordlimrlIvspent by American travelers
In England nnd France have ceased. There are
fewer Amcrlenn merchants buying English
goods, and they have less need ot drafts on
London to pay their debts. The price far
drafts has therefore steadily fallen from MSI
to (4.S0 per pound sterling. Just as with a falling
off In demand the price ot shoes or books or
furniture or pictures or any other commodity
falls. The result is that if Mr. Smith today
wants to sell, a shipment of cottbn to London
and makes tho price In sovereigns, he must
either get the sovereigns themselves from Lon
don or he must take the risk of losing money
on his drafts. But he cannot get the sovereigns
themslvcs, even if he should go over in person,
because, while England Is legally on a specie
payment basis, English merchants will not pay
out large sums- of gold from motives of loy
alty. Some means must therefore be found. It
American merchants 'are to ship wheat, cotton
shoes and clothing to England, ot getting back
to a steady and reliable basis of payment.
This In Its last and simple analysis Is why.
the Financial Commission has come over from
England and Franco. England and her ally,
France, hae made a futile effort to settle this
iirflculty by shipping gold to this country and
them have recently been some large nnd spec
tacular shipments but England cannot drain
herself, of gold, for. while she can carry on her
domestic commerce with paper money, she must
havo gold ns n basis for her International ob
ligations. The Outlook.
Crown Prince Frederick William has sent a
wreath fop the grave of Lieutenant Dai on n
Forstner, whose efforts at Germanising Alsnce
Lorraine before the wnr resulted In tho noto
rious Zibcrn Incident rnd other examples of
medieval terrorism. Von Forstner's service to
Oormany. oald the prince In a letter of condo
lence, will be remembered long after tho war.
Thero Is no doubt of it. Springfield Republican.
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
There may be plausible criticisms of tho loan
from vnrlous standpoints. But let us hear
no more of tho silly talk about Its "draining
tho country of gold." Boston Post.
Regardless of other Issues, the tariff will b
prominently In the picture next jear. Th
existing law Is a failure, and must be revised,
both In the Interest of more revenue, and for
the purpose of oncouraglng business. Wash
It Is better to fnco the truth of Philippine un
fitness now than to Involve ourselves In much
more serious trouble by permitting the Philip
pine peoples to make another Mexico for us
to restore at an cxccbiIvo cost, perhaps at th
coBt of war with a major Power. Chicago Tri
bune Of course many of the Americans still re
maining In Mexico Will not heed tho President's
admonition to leave tho country this time, any
more than they have In the past. It will take
nothing short of a wholesale massacre to bring
them to a completo realization ot their peril.
The fact that every Important working com
mittee In tho new Houso of Representatives ap
pears likely to be controlled by Southern
Dcmorrats argues against both, efficiency and
fairness. It U reassuring to know that an
effort will be made to break the old priority
rule.--C!eveland Pla'n Dealer,
NO PLAGE LIKE HOME
The wind Is In the pine trees now, and whispers
In the corn,
And marigolds, are blooming 'round the hous4
where I was born,
And there's a little bit of bed, and two old
Beside tho bed In that small room whore one
I slept upstairs;
And squirrels scamper on the roof the way they
uctd tq do.
And 'little clouds are Just as whits and skies
are just as blue
As what they ever used to be,-and wildblrds
slpg and call.
And I can't see that the old world is getting old
at all. '
The whlppoorwill must sing at night the way
he used to sing,
I know that there's a barrel sunk around tbt
I know the wheels make thunder tones across
the bridge I know,
On whose abutments I used to sit fishing long"
And the woodpile is by the door, the pigs are la
I do not think I care to go to that old home
This city life may bs all flare, and not muea
td the good.
But I don't care to feed the p!g or oar
I Who wants to hear the whlwrwll) may hv
the wood to ohap,
Who wants to haar tha wil4Mr4s shag WW
Who wants to hear tha auttMoa. wlada
a&ftl-y In tha traaa
May o and hear them aak that way
have the rigs to area;
I love to seo tha woostmoka rise above tha cs-
I love to hear tha whlaaoerwill l th dark
I tov to hear thVthundar o tha wheels aba
X lava la fM ") tha ni aa4 milk th-
-43 MiKamis Law, tm t Immi Fast,