Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, July 22, 1915, Night Extra, Page 8, Image 8

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Euemng jj$& ffielirjer
CinUS H Jt Ct'RTlB, rtllDI.VT.
CheHe I! Luillnitton, VIcotVMlnt; John C.XUrtln,
FfeitUrr t4 Tt-Miroteri Philip S Colllna, John B.
William. Dtrmteri.
CtaoaH K Ccima, Chairman.
T. . WltAI.KT Bjecutlve Editor
JOHN C, MAftTIN flenral Bualneaa Manager
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Ledger, Independence flfluore, rhUndelphia,
gxTratD at tui rmi.Anr.trnu roTorrici i aacoxn-
POn JUNE WAS 02,837.
An empty stomach Is not a good buttress for
free institutions.
Gorlzla Mc-mb More Than Warsaw
THE Italian campaign began with a rush,
then settled down to a monotonous report
of small engagements, which has only Just
been broken by important advances on tho
Isonzo front. Ilcasons and consequences aro
plain enough.
Tho swiftness of Italy's first advanco was
the naVural result of her ability to tako tho
offensive. Thero was nothing but small
forces to stop her till sho reached tho forts
of Austria's first lino of defense. This
happened at varying distances from tho
frontier. Whero such natural avenues as tho
Lako of Garda and tho Adlgo Illvor opened
up Into tho Tyrol Italian forces ponotrated
to within fifteen miles of Trent. At other
points nlong tho mountainous Western front
the presence of well-situated forts halted tho
advancing columns sooner. lut In all this
area tho first lntropld advanco brought tho
Italian artillery to points whero they could
domlnata tho fortresses which barred tho
way. Tho weeks slnco war began havo been
occupied with consolidating such positions
and preparing for further advances.
Tho eastern half of tho front, from tho
Carnlo Alps to tho sea, follows tho Austrian
first lino of dofenso on tho Isonzo. Tho Ital
ian forces rapidly occupied tho country to
tho west and crossed tho river both nbovo
and below Gorlzla, tho objective. South
ward they took Monfalconc, and now only
await tho fall of Gorlzla to advanco cast
ward and Isolate Trieste and tho peninsula
on which Is tho naval buso of Pola. Tho
railroad north of Gorlzla Is already cut, and
this week has brought advances at Podgora
and Sagrndo within tho shortest of striking
distances of Gorlzla.
Tho question of Gorlzla's fall Is crucial. It
Is tho main fortress of that Tu-mllo front,
from JIalborghetto to tho sea. Onco It Is
Xorred tho Austrian forces will feel tho dis
advantage of their smaller forces on tho
open plalm They will havo to retlro to tho
Carso plateau nnd ultimately to tho lino of
the Julian Alps. Tho coast land will bo
freed, and tho Italian forces will advanco
still further eastward to cut tho railroads
at Lalbach and Vlllach on tho road to Vi
enna. Tho fall of Warsaw can bear no such re
lation to a successful German offonslvo as
the fall of Gorlzla will hold to Italy's further
Duties Above Rights
AMEniCA has talked of her rights. When
.will Bho talk of her duties?
There can be no denial of the legality of
our trade in ammunitions. Tho only ques
tion left Is ono of moral Justice Should wo
supply powder, cartridges, shells, weapons
of agony nnd death to any fighting forces
not our own? Should wo dally sell pain and"
mortal anguish for our profit? Or should wo
stand aside to "let the best man win"?
Tho consequences of nonlntercourso would
manifestly be a lengthening of tho war; tho
slaughter would go on and on. Whether It
would also mean an ultimata victory for
Germany, or at least a deadlock by which
that country would profit almost as much,
Is a dubious matter. Cut either a long-continued
slaughter or a triumph for that spirit
of militarism and national aggrandizement
which wrought tho conflict would be a dis
aster ultimately to bo felt as keenly on ono
side of the Atlantic as on tho other.
Tho Interests of humanity, of liberty and
progress, as much as tho interests of Amer
ica, nro bound up In an early end to tho
war, and In an end favorable to tho Allies.
If American ammunition will bring It nearer,
then American ammunition must bo shipped
across the Atlantic, no matter what under
sea power bars tho way.
Laying the Train in 1900
GERMAN preparedness seems only equaled
by German Intuition. Way back 1p 1900,
o they Bay, the prescient foresight of Berlin
divined the Great War, the Lusttanla affair.
u. Demooratlo convention at Baltimore, some
election results and the investing of a
$llddle Western rmtleraan with tne port
folio of State. Berlin laid deep plans for the
future by backing tho antl-Imperlallsm of
Candidate Bryan. If any one cares to be
lieve that all this Is false, that the Kaiser
was out only to stop our expansion Into lands
where German colonies might spring, then
he has to admit one grievous truth, Ger
many's judgment In backing presidential
candidates Isn't to be compared with the
military ratiocinations of Its general staff.
Blazing the Scholastic Trail
TUB private school was the pioneer of
education in America; when States and
Ration were poor it showed the way.
The private school Is still the pioneer In
Vtv technique of education; for while the.
ymttlle Institutions must depend upon triad
methods rather than endanger vast invest
ments and large responsibilities, the pri
vately owned school can go ahead in the
v&lusbls but pften dangerous work of ex-p3-tga!italioa
Bettt-r endowed and without
tte constant pressure of demands for stiffly
specttiJlxed voettoual .ufes, they are
bound lu ket the standards for public Insti
tutions n4 tu voyaajs far Into seas that are
ii.v Li-t. tluu uXivu teld neb irkosui.
Hurli In the undeniable truth, as a symposium
of col lego and school authorities has
voiced It.
Yet It remains truo that, oven In pedagogy,
governmental Instruments have made prog
ress that !s almost comparablo with the ex
perimental advances of various departments
In Washington, and of Various States bureaus
of scientific and Industrial research. It must
never bo forgotten that the most promising
advance In pedagogic methods and organiza
tion havo been mado In tho public schools
administered by Mr. Wirt, of Gary. But
there It wns tho public schools' problem of
large scale Instruction which supplied tho
Strict Accountability for Councils
STRICT accountability that Is tho word
which the Chamber of Commerco sends
Philadelphia's own Prussians In Select and
Common Councils. Through Its general sec
retary, N. I). Kelly, It appeals to tho citi
zens to mako so emphatic a protest ngalnst
further delay that tho first business of
Councils In Scptombcr will bo to swab the
brlno riff tho convention hall bill and rush
It through.
Mr. Kelly's letter docs more than ask aid
In the debt. It sunnlles ammunition. It
points out tho tremendous gains In commerce
that every convention brings a great city,
tho money that tho 20,000 delegates and
guests of tho Allied Advertising Clubs wilt
bring next season and the still larger sums
that would bo spent here If a great conven
tion hall nssurcd others besides tho Repub
lican convention of tho best of treatment.
Millions have gono clsowhero In tho past for
no reason but our "unpreparodncss."
Further still, tho Chamber of Commerco
promises action wh(ch will bring convention
after convention to Philadelphia If only wo
supply tho hall. It Is organizing a Con
vention Bureau with an expert at Us head
to exhibit tho advantages of Philadelphia
and to keep tho ball a-rolllng when Councils
comes out of its "small town" tranco and
begins to do something for tho city's namo
and welfare.
Waiting for tho End of the Farcc-TraRcdy
MEXICO CITY ovacuatcd onco moroj
Carranza out, Zapata In; tho momen
tous clvlo reforms Including a modicum ot
law and order temporarily promised the
capital, now vanish.
If Carranza's forces meet Villa's north
ot tho city In a final defeat for ono faction
or tho other, then pence may hover for u
moment or two.
Meanwhile, what about Washington? Tho
American public has been pretty thoroughly
disillusioned over Mexico's nttompts at self
government. Is it to be ns thoroughly dis
illusioned over President Wilson's two-months-old
threat of Intervention?
Reconciling the Boy and the Cap
JUDGE MacNEILLE, of tho Juvenile
Court, Is a bold man In trying to dissolve
tho natural antipathies supposed to exist
between tho small boy and tho cop. Krom
tlmo Immemorial man has bellovod that It
could no moro bo accomplished than ono
could causo water and oil to mix. Tho mil
lennium will not bo far distant when every
boy considers tho policeman on his beat his
best friend and when tho policeman recipro
cates by being a "big brother."
But seriously considered, there Is room for
an educational campaign waged on both
sides. In this city tho boys' clubs and set
tlement houses aro trying to teach their
small members greater respect for tho law
and not to view every policeman as tholr ln
vetorato cnomy. Tho Department of Public
Safety has Its part to perform, too. Tho lato
Jacob Rlls onco remarked that "ono boys'
club Is worth a hundred policemen's clubs."
Probably tho Juvcnllo Court can accomplish
Its result as -much by tho proper education
of tho policeman as by laboring with tho
Seeing Europe's Horrors
THE horrors of trench warfaro as It is
now being waged on both tho western
and eastern fronts of Europo cannot bo ade
quately portrayed In all Its cruelty. Corre
spondents smell tho smoko of battlo or view
the struggle from afar, but their vivid de
scriptions fail to convoy tho terrible realism
of It all. Even tho wounded back from tho
front stop short of Its reality when they try
to plcturo tho hand-to-hand struggles In tho
dark, tho sinking of cold bayonets Into hu
man flesh, tho lacerating grip of tho as
phyxiating gases. Tho description given to
Ellen Adair, tho Evenino Ledoeh's special
correspondent, by a thrco-tlmes-woundcd
Canadian soldier of his experiences and the
atrocities ho saw makes tho reader shudder.
To reallzo tho accumulated horror that now
grips Europe, JUBt extend his experiences
along a doublo front of moro than 1500 miles.
Lloyd-Georgo, M, D.
Bayonno Is pouring trouble on the oily
Warsaw wasraw or It
Kaiser gets through.
will be when tho
Clarion County gavo tho Women's Liberty
Bell a ringing welcome.
England Is saving her tin cans to tie on
the tall of tho dachshund.
Tho man with tho 31 axe murders almost
has the record on the submarines.
The Kaiser should have endowed a' War
saw hotelkeeper Instead of a Parisian.
The bona, fide citizens named "Pearce" will
soon be objecting to Us use by all the cranks
of tho nation.
"Turks send peace envoys." Is Turkey
to mix metaphors and zoology trying to
cave its bacon?
If tho Kaiser believed In past history, he
would make no preparations to enter War
saw In triumph.
When a lookout sighted a submarine off
Nova Scotia, his probable sentiments were,
'Go to Halifax!" '
ii ii .a i i i na
In spite of the large demands of the war
scare, there are just as many plots in cur
rent notion as before.
f '
"Germans within range of great key to
Warsaw," says the New York Tribune, evi
dently expeetlng a "turning' movement,
I 1 ,"i lu i
Schopenhauer once said that his aensepr
turn ot an Ideal man was one who never
hesitated and was never In a hurry. Doesn't
that fit the present occupant of the Whlto
n ' ii ii ii'ii' '
It is said that American Arms oonsujne in
smoke and gas every yr ft9,Qe)Aj0Mi worth
n the eot-ur by-products m century far
iwkAIbx dyes- And yet we were (jBtlgiiat
when James J- Hill called us th iqgsj; waste
ful oat too im eajrtbt
A "Now Woman" of tho Orient
Shvcd the Life of Her Hero, Mnr
ried Him and Brought Him to
America Living In Media.
ONE cannot visit tho little colony of Chi
ncso revolutionists In Media without dis
covering that thero Is romanco in tho Orient
ns well as In tho Occident. General Hwang
Using, who led an unsuccessful insurrection,
is thero with tho woman Who helped him to
escape and then married him, and ho Is sur
rounded by n staff of ablo Chinese men nnd
women who aro studying English nnd await
ing n favorable opportunity for returning to
China with safety. General Hwang haB not
learned much English yet, and ho spcakH
through Mr. Tong, of his staff. When I
called General Hwang wns uncommunica
tive, but Mr. Tong was voluble. While Mr.
Tong talked tho General would wnlk about
tho room listening to the strange tongue.
If wo Imaglno tho Chinese women nro shut
up In their houses and firmly suppressed by
tho men of tho country, wo nro much mis
taken, says Mr. Tong. Men nnd womon
nhould balance each other ns a pair of scales,
Is tho Chlncso saying nnd Mr. Tong thinks
ho sees a little, too much tipping In tho feminine-
direction In modern China. At all
ovonts, In tho recent revolution women
played a far moro Important rolo than tho
outsider Imagines. As n mnttcr of fnct, thero
was a troop of feminine grenadiers, who took
a dashing part In tho nctunl fighting.
Tho woman who afterward married Gen
eral Hwnng Using (tho Chlncso wrlto Ha and
pronounco It Sh) almost entirely managed tho
financing of tho whole revolution. Sho wns
a revolutionist, a rcpubllctst, long before, that
and used to address nudlcncos of 1000 souls
or moro on tho subject ot governmental re
forms. Thero you nro. Ono could hardly
call her a bottled-up woman, with nothing to
say for herself.
And ob for being confined to her parental
house, when General Hwang (this was bo
foro Bho married him) had takon Canton with
about 110 men from several thousand Impe
rial Boldlcrs, and then, naturally unablo to
hold It, had been subsequently cornered In a
small section of tho city, whero ho nnd a
llttlo handful of faithful compatriots woro
putting up n hopoTcss fight and courting ex
termination, this daring young womnn ac
tually penetrated In person to tho house
whero tho gencrnl wns barricaded, argued
him out of his determination to dlo thero for
his causo, which was as difficult as reaching
him In tho first place, nnd spirited him awny
to Hongkong.
Prefers Media to tho Cemetery
So that Is really how It happens that Gen
eral Hwang, with his wlfo and llttlo son
(and with "a price on his head"), Is spending
a quiet summer at Media, learning to speak
English, Instead of an ovon quieter ono In
"Tho Sacred Besting Placo of tho Seventy
Had tho Ideas and tho Ideals of tho compa
triots been carried out In tho supposititious
republic now established, China might bo
lending the world In tho feminist movement.
It wns certainly tholr plan to give women a
pnrt In tho government, and for a tlmo thero
wire. In fact, feminlno Senators. But by this
time women's rights havo gone by tho board
with tho rest of tho truly republican meas
ures Instituted directly after the revolution.
Mr. Tong claims, by tho wny, that tho first
suffrage paper In tho world was cdltod by
a rtoman In China.
Mr. Tong says wo Americans aro often
grossly mistaken In our Ideas of Chlncso
social customs becauso wo hear of tho facts,
but not of tho conditions that Justify them.
For oxample, tako tho soiling of girls into
slavery. Now, ho says, tho Chlncso people
look down on that custom and hato It Just
ns wo do hero, nnd It Is only tho terribly
poor, tho starving mnn, who would sell his
daughter. Also, when sho bocomeaof age, at
18, sho Is automatically freed anyway. So
selling her Into slavery only means having
her temporarily adopted, ns It wore, by peo
ple who must clothe and feed her In return
for the llttlo work they can get out of her.
At ono tlmo tho Manchu Government tried
prohibiting this custom, with tho plctttresquo
result that tho deadly poor to whom tho
stork presented femalo Infants trooped up to
tho Infanticide rock and dropped tho disap
pointing parcel over.
"A Very Unattractive Bunch"
If tho women of China wanted to go about
moro In public they could very easily do It,
Mr. Tong thinks. But It Isn't so pleasant In
China; It Is dustier and conveyances aro less
convenient. Besides, thero nobody wants to
go off Into tho sparsoly settled parts of tho
country, as we do hero. That Is because
those places aro full of pirates yes, pirates
whom Mr. Tong describes as a "very unat
tractive bunch."
Thero Is governmental efficiency for youl
"Land nnd sea pirates galore, and assassins
and cut-throats In tho cities.
Tho compatriots were endeavoring to clean
tho country of these nnd other pests, and
they do not feel that good government for
China Is yet a forlorn hope,
"But we are not a people like the Mexi
cans," says Mr. Tong, "always1 complaining
and tearing down."
The Chinese aro, most of all, a peaceful,
thoughtful lot of men, not from Inertia, but
because they have learned from experience
In the same turbulent ago of Europo In which
the French had 14 revolutions the Chinese
got away with 171 that wars are a devas
tating, foolish Indulgence. So the Chinese
compatriots, like our own President, are
going In strong for watchfully waiting. In
the meantime the autocratlo Dictator-President,
Yuan Shl-Kal, seems to be breaking up
every good thing started or accomplished by
the revolution, It may all end well, but It
looks like a waste of time to me.
All hall the modett editors who grace the
Keyatone State,
And pas up fame and laurel wreaths and .will
not be sailed great.
Who. given ehelee of Junketing to the PatlHe
Or sweltering: In ometi, decided on the roast.
But yesterday our Governor announced the
name Of three,
"The greatest men within the State, meat
noted, too." said he.
"I knew they are the sratet, for I asked the
Whs !d this State of William Pepn In Jour-
nalttlc wars."
This mush annoyed the Oevemer-but there
Is iae to tell
Ot FeMMflvaate' editors who pieked the
rt i wJL
Thsr 4 JJ . thus editwre, fr graft nd
Net use of all the msay named as greatest
hlmwlf TUy.
s i .- f . , nllif nasa I n n JSjII
I m .cITXl GSixRES7 m i
Congressman J. Hampton Moore's Name Headed the "Harmony
Conference's" List of Possible Candidates He Has a Long
Record of Honorable Service at Home and in Washington.
This ts the eighth hi a series of sketches
of men who may figure in ttib mayoralty
campaign, intended to let the voters know
something about who they arc and what
they havo done.
HAMPTON MOORE has been an insti
tution for so long In Philadelphia that
comparatively llttlo Is known about him.
That Is tho way with institutions; they aro
taken for granted and rarely subjected to
scrutiny. Ho mado
up his mind very
definitely soma years
ago about politics,
and ho has never
changed it; a courso
which has great ad
vantages; but it has
Its drawbacks, too.
For, if a man's views
aro fixed thero 13 no
use In arguing about
them, and what Is
not argued about Is
not talked about, and
what Is not talked
about Is forgotten.
j. hami'ton Moona 'J-no average ciuzcn
has this impression of him. Ho will say,
"Hampy Mooro? Yes, he's all right. What's
he for? Well, Hampy's for a high tariff
always been a strong Republican. And then
that other thing what do they call It? Oh,
yes; waterways, Inland waterways. He's.
strong for that."
Thero Is another thing which ho has al
ways been strong for, but which Is often
forgotten. That is the Organization. Ho is a
great deal better than tho Organization, and
his personality Is distinct enough not to sug
gest tho Organization every tlmo his namo
Is mentioned. But ho bellevos In It, nnd his
political philosophy Is Imbedded In the
ccmont of Its foundations. And that has
been so much taken for granted that It Is
often forgotten. However, It was forcibly
brought to mind tho other day when his
name appeared at tho head of eight to whom
tho leaders had narrowed their field of pos
sibilities for Mayor. Tho tall of that list was
William S. Vare. Needless to say, It was a
Penrose-McNIchol list.
' Touch nnd Go With Varo Powder
Here Is tho situation: Varo has virtually
thrown down tho gauntlet to the McNlchol
faction. He has all but announced his can
didacy for Mayor. Ono unguarded and Inso
lent remark from McNlchol or Penrose, and
tho die wpuld bo cast. It Is touch and go
with tho Varo powdor. So tho ochr sldo Is
keeping tho matches In a safo place. Mean
while, It has shrewdly pressed forward the
boom of Mooro, and the Vares aro feeling
about to see how strong he would bo. An
Indication of this ,1s tho Varo flirtation with
tho labor vote; for "Hampy" Mooro has cer
tainly offended labor, has shaken his fist at
tho labor lobby on tho floor of tho House of
Representatives. This explains tho Vares'
smiles upon labor, and shows that they take
Mooro's candidacy seriously. They havo
good reason to take It seriously, For prob
ably no other man in tho city could make
such great Inroads Into t,ho Vare majorities
In the downtown wards where foreigners
abound, Moore Is popular among the Ital
ians; tho Baldls are his good friends. He
has also & stronghold on tho hearts of the
South Philadelphia Jewish voters, And he is
not afraid of labor. For even after his defi
ance of It, ho received 24,000 out of 30,000
votes cast for Congressman In his district.
Tho "friend of the Immigrants," as the Con
gressman Is known downtown, strengthened
his hold on the Imagination of the foreign
element by fighting the literacy teat for Im
migrants. It had been hoped that Moore would be a
compromise candidate, because of his long
and well-seasoned Organization record; but
It would seem that the Vares are not so zeal
ous for the Organization as a traditional
body, but rather are determined upon found
ing an entirely new Organization in whloh
tha only question of harmony would be the
harmony between Brother Bd and Brother
U Not a Political "Tool"
The WoNlohol people are not altogether
"ornzy" abput Moore. The aggressive and
astute Congressman knows the "game" tec
well to be a political tool, and all they oould
hope from him would be, first, the oonttnua.
Uon of the prestige dt the Organization;
second, the defeat of the Varea (by no
means certain b my case); and third, the
feeling that bauw of his tong association
with Organization leaders be would agt
have the heart to "turn down old friend."
It would not hrwoalw with his past, tbey
think. If ho should turn reformer at this
Into day.
For ho served Ashbrldgo faithfully, and
Ashbrldgo rownrded him bounteously. It
wns Just fifteen years ago this month that
Moore, prlvato secretary to that Mayor, first
figured largely in tho nowspapor columns.
When a nowspaper man goes Into politics,
and Mooro was a nowspaper man, ho usually
becomes prlvato secrotary to tho Mayor. Tho
young man was an affable and popular sec
retary. Ho was 3G years old then. Ho wns
llttlo known to tho city at largo when tho
Mayor decided to mako him City Treasuror.
An outcry of protest followed Ashbrldgo's
autocratic action In slating candidates bo
foro tho primary. There had been aggravat
ing circumstances which Increased popular
Indignation. McNlchol, then a Select Coun
cilman, had publicly announced that the
nominees for City Treasurer nnd Register of
Wills would bo whomever Ashbrldgo desired.
Insuranco Commissioner Durham also blunt
ly admitted that tho Mayor was powerful
enough to dictate. Jacob J. Seeds had im
agined ho had a chance, and had Innocently
called himself a candidate. Ho went to Dur
ham with his grievance.
"If any decision has been reached about
tho City Trcasurershlp," ho said, "I ought
to bo Informed, as I do not caro to bo posing
as a candldato if somo ono else has been
Durham gave him a hard stare.
"Mooro has been agreed upon," ho snapped.
Tho prlvato secretary had wanted tho place
threo years before, but had withdrawn In
tho Interest of harmony. Ho knew tho Treas
ury well, had been chief clerk thero from 1801
to 1897. Tho Mayor's choice- for Register of
Wills wa3 Jacob Singer. Thero was some
thing sinister nbout tho fact that Ashbrldgo
had demanded theso two offices for his favor
ites, for tho fees they brought to tho Treas
urer and tho Register amounted to $200,000
during tho terms of ofllco. Tho Independents
set up tho cry. "What aro you going to do
with tho foes?" Mooro refused to say what
ho would do with them, whother ho would
keep them for himself or turn them over to
tho Treasury. It was a presidential year and
McKlnley carried the city by a plurality of
125,000, but so great had been the feeling
against Ashbrldgo that his candidate for
City Treasurer received a plurality of only
48,000, or 78,000 less than tho head of tho Re
publican ticket.
Settled tho Feo Question
Mooro soon showed tho right spirit about
the fees. He sold he did not want them
nnd, what was more, ho did not want any
other City Treasurer In tho future to appro
priate them cither. Ho wanted tho matter
settled and ho placed all tho fees In a sepa
rate account In tho Treasury. He Instituted
a test case and tho courts decided that tho
fees should revert to tho city.
His wide knowledge of manufacturing con
ditions in tho United States was recognized
by President noosevelt, who appointed him
chief of tho Bureau of Manufactures, De
partment of Commerce and Labor, In 1905,
Ho soon gave up this post to become presi
dent of tho City Trust, Safo Deposit and
Surety Company, and was appointed by the
court receiver of tho company Bhortly after
ward. About this time George Castor died
and Mr. Mooro was elected to serve tho
unexpired term of tho Representative from
tho 3d District In the 69th Congress. He
has been eleoted to every succeeding Con
grees by overwhelming pluraljles. His dis
trict Is spread over the bailiwicks of the
Vares and the rival faction, Including the
2d, 3d, 4th. 6th, 6th, 11th, 12th, 16th. 17th.
18th and 19th Wards.
Demanded a 35-foot Channel tp tho Sea
The month Mr. Moore took his seat In Con
gress, In 1906, he made immediate demand
for a 35-foot channel from Philadelphia to
the sea. Ho aided In forcing an early com
pletion of the 30-foot channel, and agitated
and organized for the greater channel until
Congress, in 1908, approved it. in 1907 he
organized the Atlantic Deeper Waterways
Association, of which he was the first presi
dent, being re-ajected unanimously eaoh
year. A part gf this project Is the improve,
ment of the upper Delaware from Phlladel.
phla to Trenton at a depth of 12 feet, for
whteh he secured an appropriation.
In 198 Moore gained the passage of a
bill for a new immigrant station at Phila
delphia and later for an enlargement qt the
station, the total appropriations being t45 -000.
He waji in the thick of all tho tariff
lights, opposing the Underwood bills stren
uously. He ottered an amendment to the
Underwood-Palmer Iron and steel schedule
providing that "No article of foreign manu
facture upon which labor Suu bew puy4
for moro than eight hour's per day shall be
admitted to tho United States," but was, ot
course, opposed by tho Democrats. ,';
To the Editor of tho Evening Ledger: ''
Sir I rend with amazoment In this pvcnlng',!
Evening Lcnacn tho nrltclo under the healnsy
w. ....u vu.u .vu ,,.-,...,, u, .a.,.,. iMj ,t u,, a
Victor II. Lawn, and to do Justlco td broken? 3
jouuers ana retailors, K wjouia do wcii to state
that Mr. Lawn has vlowed tho subject fromTl
nnn nnrrln nnlv TiVi, 4!m nnlrt ,.? Iltim,..,!....
I may sny that you can form the opinion
thnt Paris Is tho most beautiful placo by vls
Itlng tho Champs Elysccs. or that It It Is tha
heart of poverty by visiting the MontmartiVa
ocuiiuu, tvticiu na il juu ivuuiu UIKC U run Up
to tho ton of Eiffel tower on a clenr dnv nnr!
patiently view nil parts of Paris through ac'a
formed would be nearer right. Mr. Lnwn ha
npunrently not studied tho different functlona
of 'brokers, Jobbers and retailers very carejl
fully or lie would not mako such broad nnd uttf
Just statements. s. SI. x
Philadelphia, July 20.
To the Editor of tho Evening Ledger: ,;
Sir It seems that tho tlmo has come when i
person cannot think along pro-German lines, or
United States Government officials do their;
sworn duty In enforcing tho neutrality laws of,
this nation regarding tho enlistment of men te
be used In warfare against a friendly natlonSj
without Incurring tho displeasure, not to txjl&L
Wnitti. nf (Mini, nntrlnfo nu 'Amnn,n T AtMX.rfl
No. 2813."
My Impression hns boon that tho American?
region is organized lor tne purposo or the de
fense of tho United States in tlmos of war, but
it seems that I am mistaken and that In addi
tion to their many duties hero the legion has
rallied to tho defense of Eneland in the tlma
of her need, thus showing that, at least zmongm
certain or its members, it Is International la
"No. 2613" makes charges In his letter ot
July 2 In tho Evening LEDOEtt which, Includ
ing tho one of "Germany operating a wireless
station with Oerman military nnd naval offi
cers in charge," surpass tho wildest dreams o(
tho "spy-catchers" in dear old England.
I feel satisfied that when the pro-Dritlsh con
tingent of tho legion becomes strong chough
numerically another ono of our prized liberties
will bo ruthlessly snatched from us tho right
of freedom of speech for No. 2613 objects in
no uncortaln terms to our German-American
friend's discussions of "Tho European Mad
house" Now. No. 5B1S will Tiroh.iWv hln lilmaelf to litat
trusty typewriter and assail mo as "Another I
one of thoso German-Americans of the hyphen-
ated variety." To set right this modest patriot, a
who blushlngly hides his Identity under the folds' J
of the American Legion, I will say that I am not 5
German nnd have never been closer to Germany a
than Milwaukee, Wis. i
It Ib my desire to see tho least bit of fair
play Introduced Into the controversy now raging J
regnrdlng tho rights and neutrality of our na- jj
tlon. To the mind of many Southern cotton
ralsors the fact that tho producers of this non- j
contraband necessity lost 180,000,000 because q
ot England's blockade of Sweden, Holland, etc., J
and will probably lose as much more this year
on tho snme account, leads one to believe that
nil tne "Illegal Measures ' are not to be found
In Oormany's camp. E. A. CREWS.
Fort Worth, Tex., July 15.
From the Boston Transcript,
Henry James says he will renounce his Amer
ican citizenship and become a British subject,;
but then a Henry James subject always was'
a long way from Its predicate.
AttacKs on unarmed passenger ships have not
vmou. vjcuiiuHy la lu UD juuficil uy una .avws.
than words. Cleveland Plain Dealer. ,
Senator Penrose's auto may have brokemM
uuwii turn uum&iii nre, dui you never jiiu
of anything happening to his steam roller5
Boston Transcript. !
Why not? If poisonous gases are to be uied
In war. the conquering generals of the futU';
may also employ disease breeding bacteria.
Iiuntjiieiu Mtjjuuwcun. :i.
A reserve army Is the most serious C,efenj9
proDiem we nave, .-Naval defense is not a prunes
lem in tne same sense at all, it is a rnuisfi
of doing things. at. Louis Star.
Some college professors who have been flr$
ror exercising the "right of academlo rre
dom" would never have been heard of If ttiC
hadn't been subjected to that ejectlvo proc
tuenmona. va., isews Leader,
In this event (the success of the United States
In keeping out of the war), we believe the
suDreme issue of 1918 will hn "Whnt nnrt shall
the United States take in world politics, WiM
now snail u prepare to taKe ltT" in oinir
words, the campaign will turn on the deflnl'
tlon of Americanism In Its world elgnlncanctvS
Thtrtn cm T?uri4n Tne !Xtfl
Miss. Swan Wood
11 A. M. TO 11.16 e '
In " K I I. u t. N "
KtXQN'S O-BBIJBN. HA.VE1. . 10 0
iirrtMiM 1 j :tct. zzx..r.r.- . r . . 1 1
ISftttl'W T4 WAHBIN1. PATttlOol A 4 T