Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, July 22, 1915, Night Extra, Page 2, Image 2

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Austrian Lines Weaken
Under Violent Artil
lery Fire and Infan
try Attacks.
Most Desperate Battle of War
Raging- Along 60-Mile Front
From Tolmino to Sagrado.
Italy's Troops Suffer Great
ROMS, July 52.
Half a million Auetro-Hunsarian and
Italian troops, masted on a front to
mile Jong on the Isonzo ntver, are en
gaged In the most desperate battle of
the Auatro-Itallan war.
Under the pressure of th ttatlan drive,
and especially the violent artillery flro
of the Invaders, the Austrian lines are
weakening, and at several points between
Tolmino and Doberdo the Austrlans have
evacuated trenches and have been driven
from heights of strategic Importance.
Gorlzla la the prize for which the Hal
lane are fighting, but they are buying
thllr successes with heavy loss of life.
The Austrian losses likewise have been
very' heavy, although the Austrlans had
the advantage of strong dofenslvo works,
It Is estimated that within the last 10
days the Austrlans have lost 10,009 men
In killed, wounded and captured on the
Isonzo front.
Archduko Eugene, commander-in-chief
of the Austrian forces, Is calling vainly
for reinforcements, according to advices
from the front, but these cannot be fur
nished becaueo nil of the available
Austro-Hungarlan troops have been sent
Into the eastern theatre of war to help
the Germane In their drlvo against War
naw. The Italians also have the advantage
in ammunition and big guns. Under the
vigorous pressure of the Invaders the
Austrian line Is bending at three points
near Tolmino, St. Lucas and St Avre.
A bloody encounter took place at Monte
San Michele, on the Isonzo south of
Sagrado. Under the sizzling rays of a
broiling gun, the Italians charged up the
elopes of the mountain, facing the mur
dering (Ire of the Austrian defenders with
the most noteworthy courage. Gaining
the Austrian trenches, the Italians at
tacked the defenders with the bayonet
and hand-to-hand fighting followed. Fin
ally the Austrlans were driven out, but
immediately launched the most violent
counter-attackB, and throughout the night
the mountain valleys resounded with the
roar of guns and were lighted up by the
flash of burning gunpowder.
The number of prisoners taken during
the last four days by the Italians has
been Increased to more than BOOO.
That the Austrlans are short of both
food and ammunition was declared by
thee captives, who expressed the utmost
cailsfactlon at their capture. They also
declared that German army officers are
being placed among the Austrian forces
along the Italian front.
In the Carntc Alps the artillery duels
continue, with both tides using aero
planes and range finders.
VIENNA. July 22.-The War Office to
night gave out tho following:
"In the Gorilla region the Italians yes
terday continued their general attack on
the border plateau of .Doberdo and the
bridgehead nt Gorizta. vThe battle raged
all day. in the evening the enemy suc
ceeded in taking Monte San Jllchelc,
east of Sdrausslno. This morning Major
General Boog reconquered this height
with troops which had hitherto been In
"Southeast of Sdrausslna our troops
maintain their positions with great stub
bornness. A flank attack executed from
a height to the east of Sagrado waa re
pulsed, the Italians taking to flight after
suffering great losses.
"Since our troops have also firmly held
the southwest edge of the plateau and
have repulsed at the bridgehead at Gorl
zla all hostile attacks. The Italian effort,
which was carried out with enormous
sacrifices, was again unproductive of re
sult. "On the remainder of the coastal front
there Is comparative Quiet.
"On the Carlnthlan frontier nothing of
importance has occurred. East of Schlu
derbach three enemy battalions attacked
Monte Piano, but were repulsed, and fled,
losing about two-thirds of their effec
City Treasurer's Office Besieged by
More than 100 women, many of them
carrying children in their arms, crowdeJ
the corridors outside City Treasurer
McCoAch's office In City Hall today, seek
ing to obtain their share of the money
appropriated by Councils for the mothers'
pension fund.
The distribution, which Is that set aside
f the month of June, amounted to
1!55. The women received sums ranging
liom W to 20 each, and will receive .i
timllar amount from the fund appropri
ated by the State.
There are 131 women on the City Treas
urer's list of beneficlarlta. They repre
sent 430 children, all of them less than
14 years old.
Arrest Two Murder Suspects
Two negroes, suspected of killing
Thomas Jones, an aged negro, whose
body was found badly mutilated several
days ago near Downlngtown, Pa., were
arrested late last night by the police of
the 12th and Pine streets police station,
in a. house near 17th and Rodman streets
The suspects are Edwin Berry and his
wife According to the police they lived
with Jones and disappeared Saturday
shortly after the crime was committed.
They were turned over to the Chester
County authorities.
A. P- of 1. Officials Intimate Fowl
bility of Walkout.
WASHINGTON, July J -Intimation
that the machinists at the great steel
works at Bethlehem. Fa , may go on
strike for higher pay, today was given
at tha office of the American Federation
of Labor Here An official, who would net
permit the uu of Us name, said:
"Th men at Bethlehem are underpaid
auri nao orgaltatiu The representa
tive sf tb tatemetlenal organlzatlea
may b wwrfctaft aniens then "
Prank Hanteta, secretary of the fed
eration, di that ha bad Mid
-Th American Federation of Later
do, not care qftbethf Qojrs&ail geld
Btaittd til Brtdaeoort strife."
Mr V"toa declare that ariy
.i m UtirvlwM
svi,;,i uuuid one naturally eVa, ware he
Ti-.iiari in this count' seetaur oul
s i Hi iaa2 lor an nm country ? '
WMmti--fr- r-wSni- I Y' WWWtlTO.' eAJIt ' -J7. T rwwwwv . $mwwmm -'.- . ,n -T .. v
This photograph, taken on one of
great attack on tho Russians defondinp: tho road to Warsaw, shows a regiment of Austrian infantry lined
up by tho sido of tho road while a division of German infantry marches past to tho bnttlo lino in front.
It waa officially admitted her today
for the first time that the evacuation of
Warsaw might be rendered necessary by
military exigencies. War Office officials
stated, however, that there was still hope
that the Polish capital might be saved.
Prayers for tho Russian army are being
uttered In all the churches in Russia
today. The Czarina attended a special
service In the Knmlan Cathedral, aceom-
Sanled by the Czarevitch and two of her
The military critics admit that the Rus
LONDON, July 22.
The Lublln-Cholm Railway, which
leads to the great Russian basis of sup
plies at Kiev and Odessa, is being de
molished by shells, while German In
fantry Is within eight miles of the
Tralnloads of war material which the
Russian army waa trying to save In the
Impending fall of Warsaw nro held up by
The State Department was today noti
fied by American Consul Do Soto, at
Warsaw, through the American Embassy
at Petrograd, that Do Soto had taken
over the Belgian and Servian consular in
terests In the Polish capital.
Continued from rage One
and their fallacies. Wo concern ourselvcn
merely with the discussion of these things
and do not consider the question of pos
sible candidates or personalities in any
"Our plan Is not to Interfere In nny
way with the work of the established
committees in the Republican party, but
to supplement It and keep the question
of Republican principles before the peo
ple at all times rather than for short
periods Immediately preceding elections.
"The organization was formed In Feb
ruary last and took up its work in March.
Tho officers were elected for a period of
five years In order that they might have
a full opportunity to test the theory of
the plan and to build It up on a sub
stantial basis, which Its permanency de
mands. We are now furnishing material
to papers throughout the country num
bering 13)0 or inoro and reaching approxi
mately 7,000,000 persons.
"They are mostly county newspapers
and receive what we send them exclu
sively. No two papers in the same county,
with one or two exceptions, receive the
same material. For that reason we have
turned down many metropolitan papers
which have asked for material In order
to preserve tho excluslveness for the
papers we serve.
"Our alms are as follows:
"For a government of law, not of
"A criticism of Democratic princi
ples. "To offset a growing tendency to
ward 'lese majeste.' That Is to say
that the higher the office the more Its
occupant should be subjected to a crit
icism by the people.
"The recounting of the accomplish
ments of the Republican party.
"Concrete demonstration of Demo
cratic fallacies.
An exposition of the dangers in the
tendency toward bureaucracy.
The right of a citizen to have re
course to statutes rather than dally
Inquiries of bureau officials.
The encouragement rather than
elimination of Incentive to individual
A criticism of the Democratic policy
In Mexico.
"The success of the association is al
ready proved. We have received hundreds
of letters of commendation and but threa
of disapproval. Our success Is built un
the truth of our statements and the logic
of our arguments. We are governed en
tirely by a policy of ascertainment rather
than one of investigation "
In explaining ex-Senator Bourne's
presence, Congressman Moore said:
"It will be most unfortunate If by rea
son of the temporary prosperity brought
about In certain industries by the war in
Europe the country should be lulled into
the belief that the Underwood tariff bill
was not a blunder and that there is no
further need of protection to American
Industry. It is as plain as the nose on
one's face that as soon as the European
war stops there will be an immediate
stoppage of the kind of prosperity it has
given us for a brief period. Worhlnfmen
who were out of employment because of
the Wilson tariff and who have obtained
temporary employment to make war mu
nitions for the armies of worklBgrsen bat
tling In Europe will again be out of em
ployment, for not only will the manufac
ture of war munitions In this country
Mee, but incidentally the industrial es
tsbllihKtents of Europe will again enter
ipto competition for the world's trade,
thus recusing the opportunity for em
ployment In the American industries to
far l"4w normal.
"It la Dt a dy t early to put tbs
worUngnto aj well aa toe business nn
of tfcta country c jvard against the in
ltts of fMft g4.e ukSw the prssent
tow tartit iiU.Uly altar a truoe U
declared abroad.. The- eeuuWy needs to
t fduoUd ij la ta taaaertanae at a
trictive taruC, Uki that at sa, asd
the main roads followed by tho Germans and Austrlans in their recent
sian armies in Poland are In a serious
position, but assert that Russia's un
limited resources will moie than counter
balance any temporary reverses suffered
"Russia's second line of defense Is as
strong ns her first," says the Bourse
Gazette's expert. "It has taken Ger
many n year to menace our first line.
It will take longer to reach the second.
Before that time attrition will have so
weakened the Teutons that they cannot
succeed Russia In the meantlmo will
be growing stronger."
the bombardment of this, one of the two
remaining lines from the Polish capital.
The number of prisoners taken by the
Germanic allies has Increased to moro
than SO.000 In tho last three days. Huge
stores of war materials and largo num
bers of guns have ;been added to the
The morale of the Russian army Is
broken, Berlin reports.
As Belgium and Servla are both at war
with Germany, It waa taken to Indicate
the consul's belief that Warsaw Is about
to be evacuated by the Russians. This
stop also was understood to have been
token to protect the Interests of Belgian
nnd Servian noncombatants In the city
In case of Its evacuation.
this is the work for which Senator Bourne
nnd his colleagues have enlisted."
Among those present at the luncheon
Ex-Senator Bourne, Senator Penrose,
Governor Miller, of Delaware; Congress
man Moore, Congressman Qeorge S.
Graham, Congressman-elect Peter E. Cos.
tello, Congressman-elect John R. IC.
Scott: Anaon W. l'rescott, secretary, Re
publican Publicity Association: ex-Judge
DImner Becber, Jamea B. Bonner, W.
Atleo Burpee, George J. Brennan, Herman
L. Collins, J. Howell Cummlngs, Thomas
Devlin, Nathan Folwell, Howard B.
French, Joseph R. Grundy, J. 3. W. Hol
ton, Alba B. Johnson, Colonel T. E.
Murphy, William A. Patton, Jamea Pol
lock, William T. Tilden, City Controller
John M. Walton, Henry F. Walton, Colo
nel John P. Wood.
The officers of the Republican Publicity
Association are:
Piesldcnt, Jonathan Bourne, Jr.; vice
president, Jacob H. Galllnger; treasurer,
Martin B. Madden: secretary, Anson Wl
The Executive Committee consists of:
Ex-Senator Jonathan Bourne, Jr., Ore
gon, chairman; Senator Jacob 11. Gallln
ger, New Hampshire; Senator Aale, J.
Gronna, North Dakota: Senator John D.
Works, California, Senator John W.
Weeks, Massachusetts: Representative
Martin B. Madden, Illinois; Representa
tive George W. Falrchlld, Now York;
Representative J. Hampton Moore, Penn
sylvania ; ox-Senator James A. Hemen
way, Indiana; Dan R. Hanna, Ohio;
Benjamin S. Hanchett, Michigan.
Continued from l'sge One
continued for 10 minutes, and then the
strikers retreated.
Sheriff Klnkead, of Hudson County,
rushed to the scene, but was powerless
to do anything. A group of reporters
and press photographers were caught in
the line of fire and some of them nar
rowly escaped injury.
The wounded girl Is 13 years old, She
was standing two blocks away from the
scene of battle when a rifle bullet atruck
her In tio shoulder. The dead men were
both shot through the heart.
The rioting began this morning. Three
men were shot, two fatally, In an attack
made by EOQ strikers and strike sympa
thizers on the wall protecting tho com
pany's property.
The assault of the mob led to a pitched
battle. The assailants were armed with
revolvers, but as they mounted the hill
on which the wall is located they were
met by a volley from the rlfleB of 100
special guards Intrenched behind the
stone defense,
The mob wavered at the first volley
as two men fell, but rallied and. rushed
to renew the attack. The Bayonne po
lice were soon on the scene, but they
were powerless to restore order. The
men fatally wounded were John Surgen
sky and Tony Bednorskl.
An hoyr after the strikers stormed the
vail about the plant the battle raged.
Members pf the mob crawled from plank
to point, taking advantage of every irreg
ularity of the ground that offered them
The bullets from the rlflea of the men
guarding the plant swept all approaches.
Newspaper reporters were driven to cover
by the hall of lead that fell.
Strikers applied the torch to a telegraph
station a few hundred yards from the
company walls just before they attempted
to storm the walls. The blaze waa ex
tinguished after a abort fight by the al
ready overworked lire department.
A Greek CathoUo church in the line of
fire was hit more than U tunas by
bullets from the guards' rifles. A by
stander waa struek in the Jaw by a spent
Appeals ware sent to the Bayoaa
Hospital for ambulaaaea, but they were
late la appaartag. it waa ejtptalaed that
the drivara had refuaed to take the mater
ambulance lata the battle tone.
When the awbqhas failed to apt)r
tha rajMCtara AysMd a, ftsat-ay carp a4
carried th wenuMWl sow lata a 4ug
The chief points at isiue and fAe
most striking incidents in the great
strike among employes of the Standard
Oil Company at Its plant In Bayonne,
N. J., are as follows:
Strikers demand IS per cent In
crease In wages
Company refuses to treat with em
ployes until they return to work.
Company says It wilt bring In
Strikers declare coming of strike
breakers will mean wholesale blood
shed. Federal conciliators asked for and
Three persons killed, three fatally
shot and scores of others seriously
wounded in battles.
Five fires set In plant In 1Z hours
and explosives arc threatened.
Damage passes 1 100,000 mark.
Governor Fielder orders State
troops to scene.
store. Then they put the three wounded
men into a delivery wagon and drove two
miles to tho hospital.
Halt nn hour later a motor ambulance
from the hospital arrived and carried
away two guards who had been slightly
George B. Gtfford, manager of the plant,
said he had no statement to make this
morning other than that the company
would "stand pat" and defend Its prop
erty. Ho Intimated that tho factory was
barricaded from the Inside and prepared
to withstand any onslaught.
Sheriff Klnkead has appealed to the
Federal Government for old in enalng tho
strike. He telegraphed to Secretary of
Labor Wilson, asking that medlatlora
bo sent to the scene. Secretary Wilson
Immediately appointed John A. Mofutt,
of Now Jersey, and James A. Smyth, of
Pennaylvanla, to act as conciliators.
Shortly bofore the rioting waa renewed,
Chief of Pollco Wilson announced that
State troops had been ordered out to
meet tha situation. Thla angered the
strikers, and they opened their attack
with the Intention of destroying the plant
before troops could arrive.
Chief Wilson's announcement was un
confirmed by any of the aids of Sheriff
Klnkead, who Is the only official with the
power to call for troops
Five fires were set In the plant last
night and early this morning and Ha
complete destruction was threatened.
Four of the fires gave the firemen hard
work during the plght, but were finally
controlled before they could reach nny
of the Immense tanks The moot danger
ous blaze, however, attacked the oper
ating plant, a etory-and-a-balt building,
shortly before 8 o'clock this morning.
This building contains the valves of the
pipe pllnea through which al the oil
of the plant passes. It la only 100 feet
from u grent naphtha tank. The entire
Are department of Bayonne waa called
to the plant In an effort to keep tho
flames from the naphtha.
Strikers are bellevd to be hiding within
tho plant, and nrmod detectives nre hunt
ing for them. Three hundred agency de
tectives armed with rlflea arrived at the
plant shortly after midnight. They hud
orders to let no trespasser eacape.
Aa they guard every entrance to tho
plant, It Is believed that the men who
set the fires must have been Inside tin
gates when the detectives arrived,
Tho fight against the flames waa spec
tacular. The plant has an elaborate flre
flghtlng apparatus, but It was useless,
because there were not enough employes
to operate It. The Bayonne lire depart
ment, therefore, had to carry on the en
tire contest The firemen were hindered
in every possible way by mobs of strike
sympathizers who surrounded the plant.
As a result of the fires, the Standard
Oil Company officials have ordered that
all the 600 tanks In the plant be emptied.
This was due to fear that fire might
cause an explosion. Work of emptying
the tanks, containing 720.000,000 gallons of
crude and refined oil, gasoline and
naphtha, began at once, the oil being
piped to the plants at Brooklyn and Rail
way. The damage from the Area at the
plant are estimated at 1100,000,
The strike leaders declared today that
all operations would have to stop, thus
throwing 16,000 men out of work.
The strikers have flatly rejected the
company's demand that they return to
work before gaining consideration of
their appeal for higher wages.
The company officials assert that the
plant will be run with strike-breakers and
the strikers assert that If this is at
tempted wholesale bloodshed will follow.
There were open threats of violence
against the Sheriff and qther officials this
afternoon Strikers were openly threat
ening to blow up the plants. They were
incensed at the deaths of their comrades
and promised quick retaliation.
Mingling among the crowds that surged
through the narrow streets was Frank
Tannenbaum, the New York I. W. W.
agitator, urging the strikers not to go
back to work unless their demands were
granted, and seeking to organize them.
. , m
German Resources Ample
BERLIN, July -An official Investi
gation completed today has established
the fast that Germany is amply provided
both with foodstuffs and upplls for tha
manufacture of ammunition to carry on
the war for many years.
Besides great supplies of copper, enough
to manufacture all (he shells Germany
will use for a long period, the nation has
a reserve of mor than J.O.OeO tans of
Churches Hold Big Picnic
Several hundred members of the Bap
tist, Mtho4tst and Ooagragational
ohurohea in Darby. Sharon Hill and Col
lingaala ara faetdiag a geawal church
PtofOo taday at Braadywiae Springs.
During taa attaroMo Silas Mary Stewart
Aaaa ef tfe Woajw'i Doaartmaat. of the
Uoiw4Wr 9 Maataa. wttt daltw an
aUdre on suffrage-
Must Remain Quiescent Un
til Psychological Moment
Comes, Diplomat De
claresLittle Chance of
Russian-Rumanian Pact.
' VIENNA, July 22.
The prediction that the Balkan Slates
will remain odt of the war until It U
evident that the conflict Is to end soon
was made here by a Balkan diplomat,
who in an interview sadi
"The Balkan Slates have money, am
munition and war materials only for threo
months of war. It follows that If tho
Balkan States are to participate In this
struggle they must wait until the psy
chological moment comes, when they can
Interveno for their own Intercols with
tho least possible risks and tho greatest
chances of success. In other words, thoy
must wait until what promlsea to bo tho
last threo months of the war. Any other
eourso would be nothing short of disas
trous. That may sound extremely selfish,
but no one Is making wor for unselfish
reasons. The Balkans have had their
This statement confirms the generally
expressed belief In diplomatic circles that
tho Balkan States are playing a waiting
game and that Teuton diplomacy Is as
suming tho ascendancy, backed up as It
Is by the strong Influence of Austro
German successes over the Russians. It
is now believed there Is little probability
of Rumania throwing her lot with Rus
sia. Every ono talks In n. new tone
about Rumania in Budapest and Vienna.
Tho Rumanian question Is hardly being
considered ns an Austro-Hungarlan ques
tion any more.
In May Rumania might have been
able to obtain some territorial conces
sions as her price to remain neutral.
That Is past, at least for tho present.
Prize Court Told Seizure of
Cargoes Illegal British
Fear Trouble With U. S.
Times Suggests Plan to
Solve Problem.
LONDON, July 22.
Sir Robert Flnlay, arguing In the British
prlzo court today In tho cases of the
American cargoes that had been seized at
sea, contended that goods could be con
fiscated by the Government only In tha
event whero It was proved that It was
Intended for the enemy by way of con
tinuous passage. However, that did not
apply in tho present case, he declared.
Tho cotton, question. Is causing deep
concern In England, It being feared here
that sharp differences will develop be
tween Great Britain and the United
States. The Times publishes a warning
on the subject today, which says, In part:
"Along our present lines we nre heading
straight for a very sharp difference of
opinion with the citizens and Government
of the United States. Such a development
ought, if possible, be avoided. If It Is
allowed to mature It means an inevitable
disturbance of American sentiment that
cannot bo to our Interests. It means that
the United States might be hampered or
weakened In dealing with other Issues
from other quarters. It means that while
tho war lasts an accompaniment of diplo
matic friction, and when It Is over an
aftermath of resentment and presentation
of bills for damages." '
The Times then suggested the following
as a way out of the difficulty:
"Simply to declare cotton contraband
nnd leave It at that will not, I submit,
meet the case. On the contrary. It will
aggravate the resentment of the South
and play directly into the hands of agi
"What is needed Is a plan that will (1)
prevent cotton from going Into Germany;
(2) command the assent of tho American
Government on the general question of
principle, and (3) satisfy the American
"What, therefore, Is here suggested, la
that tho Government should:
"First Put Itself right with American
legal and official opinion by placing cot
ton on the contraband list.
"Second Purchase from Southern cot
ton exchanges the omounf of cotton that
would normally have gone to the central
"Thla would Involve an outlay of some
1150,000,000. If wo bought up at the earns
time and on, the Bame pre-bellum basis,
exports of American cotton to Holland,
Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Switzer
land, another J25,000,000 or so would cover
the total expense.
The cotton so purchased, arid tho South
would Inevitably Insist on this stipulation,
would have to be stored by the British
Government and could not be resold to
our own spinners until the close of the
war. If It is used simply to take the
place of a similar amount that would
otherwise have been Imported by British
mills tho cotton growers would gain
nothing and the whole purpose of the
plan would be defeated. Tho diversion
ql too much raw material from one
country to another must be additional to
and not Instead of orders placed In
Southern States by our private manu
facturers, "It must be an offering from the British
Government to American plantera and
have nothing to do with tha ourrent flow
of normal trade at a price of 10 cents a
pound, a price which admits of bare
profit to the producer, but considerably
less than 12 or 15 cents he was receiving
before the war.
"Such an arrangement as outlined
could without difficulty be negotiated."
Nitrate Company Has Allie' Contract
for ?5,000,000 Explosives,
POTTSVILLE. Pa., July it -The Ni
trate Produets Company, of this city, has
contracted for Jl.W.OM worth of sulphuric
acid. The compaay reeently took up sev
eral war contracts for the Allies, which
will amount to Hmooo worth of gun
cotton and other nitrate osploalvea, to
delivered to agents of the Allies in
New Vork city.
The company Is enlarging it plant to
doufclo its capacity. v lo
Lotes Position, Attempts Suicide
A young woman lost her position aa
clerk at the Woman's Homeopathla Ho-
Jltal and became so despondent that the
oak gas in aa attempt at suicide in her
room, m North zUt streat, yUUy.
She Is now bacit at tha hospital, tali time
la a est in one of tha ward she U ex
JH0U4 to fcyr w t Balth Kailow
11 r parta want acttftad mi CUM
22, 191Jh
Continued from rage One
structa a speed boat for T, Coleman du
Pont. The Tech Junior, the latest ona
built by Apel for du Pont, will race
at Atlantic City on Saturday.
Disgusted nt the attitude of the Amer
ican press In regard to the great war
and at what she characterizes da tho
imnoHirai" !titii,! of this country.
Mrs. Apel declared emphatically that
Germans were beginning to belMve that
this country aa an open and declared
enemy would bo less harmful to Germany
than aa the so-called neutral she has
constituted herself.
The picture that she painted of what
would happen should tho United States
Join the Allies was anything but com
forting to a pacifist.
"You would have all you could do to
take care of yourself over here," she said
with conviction. "I know for a certainty
that thero are 3(0,000 Irishmen alone who
have already pledged themselves to Ger
many In anticipation of such an event.
Ireland, almost to a man, Is with tho
Fatherland because we believe that Ire
land should be a country by Itself, free
from the dominion of England.
"Americans, because of their blind ac
ceptance of the news which reaches them,
have become very unpopular in Germany.
I doubt If President Wilson would bo safe
In Berlin, so antagonists Is the feeling
there toward him. The last ball that my
sister the Frel-Frau von GaUstyn, gave In
Berlin she had to notify her American
friends, of whom there were a great many,
that because of this attitude It would be
Impossible for her to Invito them and thus
subject them to the Insult that would
suerlv bo offered them by her German
Despite the 12 years Mrs. Apel has been
in this country sho speaks with a broad
German accent, and often it is with dif
ficulty that aho can find tho right Eng
lish word to express her meaning. Her
father, the late Count Carl Dagcnfeld, of
Wurtcmberg, knew the Kaiser personally
when he waa the Crown Prince, and she
herself met him on the occasion of ono of
his visits to Gelsltngen, in tho vicinity of
which her father's seven castles were lo
cated. Much of her childhood was spent In the
workshop of her uncle, Count Zeppelin,
and If In the early period of his struggle
for recognition the renowned dirigible in
ventor had received the encouragement
from tho Government that he is now get
ting the Zeppelins would have by thla
tlmo played a moro spectacular and moro
effective part In the present war, sho de
"By October 1, at the very latest," she
said knowingly, '"to will be ready for
them. Five months ago he went to Eng
land to try out some of his experiments.
One of them is a device which he drops
from the airship and which enables him
to hear what is being said in the vicinity
over which ho is hovrrlng. Another is nn
instrument which ,when let down regis
ters heat degrees. By the means of this
my uncle, If lie sights n battleship, will be
ablo to locato the smokestack and from
that knowledge will be able to drop bombs
where they can do tho most damage."
According to tho aged aviator's niece.
Count Zeppelin has not yet personally
conducted any of tho raids on England.
" 'When I go,' he says, 'the world will
stop to listen.'
"The majority of the German airships."
Mrs. Apel continued, "have been with
drawn from service and nre being remod
elod at the 24 factories in Germany. When
theso nro ready, then you will see some
thing. "Then you will see whethor the German
navy Is bottled up. England will see by
October 1, according to tho last word I
had. The navy will como out, guarded
by the Zeppelins, nnd soon after that tho
whole world will be crying for peace.
"Tho perfection of the submarines, too,"
Mrs. Apel went on, "has been completed.
Thero are 22 of them now in the German
submarine navy which could come to tho
ftew York harbor and stay there for two
Askod If any of them had actually been
here, Mrs Apel said they had not, but
added that each of the 22 had proved
that they could go 5000 miles away from
their base nnd not have to return before
two months.
The ease with which German spies
operating In this country travel back and
forth from here to the fathorland Is, ac
cording to her, undreamed of by Amer
icans. "Only three weeks ngo," she said, "a
certnln man came to see me; he married
the daughter of a 'Milwaukee millionaire
and has become an American citizen. He
Is of a titled, aristocratic family and is
working for Germany now. He has been
back to Germany three times since the
war. It Is easy for German sDlea to en
to England, too. The German system is
According to the advices which Mrs.
Apel receives from her country, the strain
on the women whose sons, husbands nnd
fathers are at the front Is sometimes al
most more than they can bear. Despite
the fact, however, that they believe the
war the most awful catastrophe that
could have overtaken their prosperous
country, they do not for nn Instant think
it Is of their nation's making, nor have
they the slightest doubt as to who tho
winners will be.
"Tho wonderful power of qermany la
not fully known," she said: "we have
money, and the German-Americans are
b ndlng moro over and, this year we havu
the biggest crop yield wo have ever had.
The 3,000,000 prisoners that we have
taken have been put to work In the
fleldu and 'n the ammunition factories.
Our, woodlands have all been cut down
and the wood serves to make a substitute
cotton for the ammunition and then the
ground Is tilled. If the German people
themselves were starving yew wouldn't
ilnd those prisoners so well fed."
After launching a diatribe of acorn at
the Queen of Belgium for what she desig
nated as her treachery to her own people
and for which, she declared, Crown
Prince Rudolph of Bavaria, the Queen's
brother, has sworn to kill her, Mrs.
Apel said that the real truth about Ger
many could not be known until after the
war when the full helnousness of the
Ally soldiers and their brutality to the
German women, particularly that of the
Cossacks in East Prussia and Gallcla.
Then, she said, tha United States would
be brought to a full realization of their
injustice in not withholding judgment un
til accusations had been substantiated.
Wanted in West Cheater, He Guts
Way to Freedom With Penknife.
WEST CHESTER, Pa.. July J2.-Arthur
La Rue, a negro, wanted in the county
for an assault on a girl near Kennett
Square several months ago, has eatsped
from the lockup at Blkton, Md, Officers
from Chester County who, ,w,nt after
him found he had eseaM bjf cutting a
hole through the flooring ahoye, his oell
with a pocketknlfe given ate, ty Ws wife
wlwaabouta ' " 5P 1 "' pre8ent
La Rue has served several terms in
S? Trl nd ,a. ' a nSmblr
of serious crimes in the county, as well
as the ose in Maryland. oTwhleh he wa
awaiting trial at Eikton wtn he escaped
Uquor License Transferred
After muah eonatatraUosi and reaon.
TSFSJX'9 Starrs! "ratted,
of the License Court, decided tadav to
trawrfer the r.tali liquor liita?, of
Bernard Gordon, fwn lw wwt j?a.
yuak av.nue to SU- South tT iWt
luai a waa aa the ereeUoa of a f
story hot) huas i -tmr-iiua th
Uth street site piiea oa the
Bombard Kaiser's Camp al
Antry Jnerce Fightih!
in Vosges Nine Counts
er-Atlacks of Teutona
Repulsed, Reports Pari!
PARIS, July 2H
Extraordinary activity Is being showfi!
by French aviators. The fourth big aerisl
raid to be reported In three day8 '
made by French alrnien against the OerJ
man camp at Aulry, northwest of Dinar!
vllle, it Is reported In an official cortfmuJ
nlque today. Twelve bombs were dropiied
North of Munster the French have orV'
ganlied the positions which they captured
yesterday. At Llnge Kopf, In the Voiges,
where tho Germane wero driven front
some of their trenches, tho French cap,
tured 107 men.
Fighting on an extended Bcale has ne'
veloped In tho Vosges and Alsaee. Only
Tuesday night on engagement occurra 1
on tho heights of Relchs Ackerkopf, weitM
of Munster. A French attack was fnllSiS
lowed by nine violent counter-attacks byti
tne uermans. in spue oi mo fiercenetsl
of the enemy's assaults two battalions!
of French chasseurs were able to main1
tain their position, nnd they Inflicted se
vere losses upon the Teutons, ln addl
tion to maintaining an their previous!
gains the French captured a trench lWi
metres long.
The text of the communique follows!
"Artillery duels occurred ln Artols anil
the Argonpe, also at Les Eparges and!
in mo roresi qi iprcmont. Between thej
Mouse and the Moscllo rivers, -a
"During the night of July 20-21 violent
fighting occurred on the heights of Llttlel
Relchs Ackerkopf. m
"Near Munster ottr troops organized the?
positions thoy had conquered and alios
near Llnge Kopf. In the course off
tnese ngnis we toon mi prisoners, f
"WeHt of Munster a French attack wssr
followed by nlno violent counter attacks?
by the Germans. In splto of their flerce4
re eo two battalions of our chasseurs held)!
back the enemy and Inflicted heavyj
torses, we capiurea ana retained al
trench on n front or 150 metres ln adan
tton to maintaining an our other potl-1
tlons. Jj
'Our aviators propped eight bombj oni
tne station at AUtry, nortnwest of Blnar-l
vllle. Four of these wero DO millimetre!
ohoils, tno rest izo millimetre "
Continued from Vase One
eltlon. Referring to this, the commlsalqn
says in its opinion today
"If they nre operating at a loss under
ratea prescribed by us, and It clearly apa
pears mni mey are, iney nre entitled to.
reasonable relief promptly and wlthoutl
awaiting the result of ancthcr general
investigation that would consume tvfol
or three years, Wo are of opinion thstj
the plan proposed will not result In rateai
that are unreasonable."
Philadelphia. Officials of i Company;?
Elntcd Over Rate Increase. 1
The action of the Interstate Commerce at
nAmml.elnti i,l.ll. r.A.l, AvnoAsa Afnm i
WIUIMIHHVIl, 1,l..t ) 1(1, If, caiwi .v
nanles to Increases freight rates, accord
ing to officials of different express com- ,
nnnlea In thlw rltv. will T-aanlt In nitnilrndl
of former employes getting back thelrijj
old Jobs. Many of these men lost their j
positions during the month of February, ,
1914. when the Interstate Commerce Com
mission ordered a reduction In rates for
the delivery of parcels and baggage.
Officials of the American ExpreB? '
Company, the Wells-Fargo and Adams
Express Companies frankly admitted that, v
the establishment of tne parcel post anq
the reduction n rates In 1911 was a
severe blow.
The new scale of freight rates hasn't
yet been arranged. It was intimated
by an official of the American Express
Company that the new increase would
be about 1 cent or a trifle over on every
pound of baggage.
"We nre pleased to hear that the In
terstate Commerce Commission has de
cided with the express companies that
their earnings are Inadequate," said H.
V. Juller, superintendent of the Amer-,
lea Express Comnay.
"It Is too early to say Just what the i
new rates will be, A new schedule Willi
be framed shortly, but the public can. 3
rert assured that the Increase in ex-tl
press rates will be n moderate one. The;J
reduced rates and the, parcel post wai-j
a had blow to us, as well as to all tnejj
other express companies."
Dies of Injury at 101
POTTSVILLE, Ta., July 22.-Mrs, LydU
Miller, of Mount Carmel, aged 101 years!
and 4 days, died this morning. On Friday!
she tripped In her bedroom, falling awn
Inflicting an Injury upon her head, since
which she had been Blnklng. She was
born In Mliford, Pa. On her birthday one
year ago she was congratulated by rreai-
dent Wilson.
jr-zr. irrrnr:. '
City uaiance siu.uuu.uuu
The amount naid Into the City Treaaor?
during the week ending last night ya
J595.952 67, nnd the payments amountww
6!3,1K.71. This, with the balanci nn haaJS
from the previous week, not Including tM,
sinking fund account, leaves u naiunce
hand of $10,065,314.93, deposited In van
banks and trust companies.
"Mv TCarlv FYneriencei
on the Diamond" toldM
by John Henry Wagner.
Monus tne ureat recit
lnterestine- anecdotes Q
his kidhood davs in base
ball. Exclusively in th
Sunday Public Ledger
TrnrTTnrr-TTnrrr'iwTrmiX'nTirjit rr