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EVENING T.TCDflWll-PHILADBL-PHIA. WBPNTSgPA JTTNE 23, 1915:
TUDLIC LEDGER COMPANY
CTRUB II. K. Cl-HTIB, rawiDtxT.
Charles It. Lodlnftton. Vice President : John C. Martin,
fiariir ami Treasurer j rtilllp 8. Collins, John D.
EDITORIAL BOARD: "
Crica It. K. Ccans, Chairman.
P. It. WIIALBT , . Eircullvo Editor
JOll.V C. MAHTiy Oenerai Bualneaa Manager
rubllthed dally at Public Lttxita Building,
Indejwndtnee Square, Philadelphia.
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TUB AVERAOB NET PAID DAILT CIRCULA
TION OF TUB. BVENINQ LEDGER
FOn MAT WAS 88,014.
Philadelphia, Wednesday, june aa, ipib.
Be who tide hi time in the market place
can luv at his own price
The "War Boom" at Last
THB "war boom" has hit Pennsylvania like
a tidal wave, Every day some new Arm
announces great orders for munitions that
mean employment for thousands. This gun
company has a million rifles to mako; that
Otto 1500 big gun parts. A corporation making
steel cars In times of pcaco' Is getting ready
to turn out shells for C-lncli guns; another
that builds locomotives Is adding shrapnel to
The sharpest example Is In Chester. There
13,000 now workmen aro to bo taken on to
fill orders for arms and ammunition In tho
Eddystono plant of the Baldwin Locomotlvo
Company. This "boom" condition Is ex
pected to last two years, according to present
orders; and It Is reflected In the real estato
field by plans for 2000 new homes made nec
essary by this small army.
From all theso signs It Is easy to bcllovo
that Europe's buying agents have taken the
Hold with a rush, that England and Russia
aro spending J500.000.000, France $400,000,000,
and Italy J 100,000,000."
And why? For nine months the "boom"
that all had prophesied .held off; overconfl
denco among tho Allies, slipshod methods
of provisioning, may have account I for it.
The present rush of orders Is a spectacular
testimonial to the fact that the remarkable
brain of David Lloyd-Georgo Is In chargo of
England's powder chest. Cause and effect
have leapt the Atlantic.
Has Penrose Turned Anarchist?
EVEN In his speechmnklnir Senator Pen
rose Is tho old-stylo politician. Ho can
build up clover unaloglcs with the Civil War
when ho talks to tho Sons of Veterans
against any and every effort to end martial
conflict. But they nro only analogies and
.only clever. They do not meet present con-
Itlonsj they only befog. And they are not
ado any sounder or any clearer by such
ntandpat standbys In phrases as "charlatan
and theorist" nnd "basic principles."
Senator Penrose that Prussian of politics
la chiefly worried over what ho calls tho
"fantastic suggestion" of the conference In
Independence Hall to maintain peace by
force. Has ho never heard of tho agency
by which domestic peace Is maintained? Or
has his own experience as tho master of a
political machine as capable and as ruthless
aa tho Kaiser's military ono plunged him
Into an anarchism which bars even the
Fair Play for the Jitneys
THE Jitneys aro entitled to fair play. It
Is not fair play to requlro them to charge
about one-tenth of what taxlcnba nre per
mitted to charge for equivalent service. An
automobile Is still nn automobile, whether
It carries a taximeter or a Jitney banner.
Let Councils be euro that Its purpose is to
regulate the Jitneys and not drive them out
of business. It Is neither good politics nor
good statesmanship to outlaw an Industry
that has become so popular and would so
obviously meet a public need.
Conscription by Starvation
W'HEN Matthew wrote of "wars and
rumors of wars," he might have added,
"and wars of rumors." This Is such a one
Indeed. Rumor and fable run rife. Natl-ns
aro hastily thrown into the conflict In me
batch of dispatches and taken out in tro
next. Germany contemplates some new
weapon of destruction each week. Rumor
even descends to such small matters as the
story of how an Ally, when he wants to see
the time at night and has no match, fires at
the German trenches until the enemy shoots
off a brilliant "star ball" to uncover a jos
slble night attack.
One of the most interesting of recent
rumors la the system of private conscrlpt'on
which many business firms In London are
said to have organized. According to these
tales, big employers are forcing enlistment
by dismissing a third or so of their men and
refusing employment to any out of work.
The only alternative to starvation Is tho
trenches. Sueh Js the power of Industry;
and sueh the way of those who fear to look
conscription squarely In the face.
Profit-sharing Via Savings
EVERY week brings some new sign that
those terrible old days and terrible old
ways of profit grinding are over. The bigger
industries and the bigger men of America
realise that a successful buainsa does not
and CMsnot rest on low wages and high
prices; that It must depend for gtnulne sue
oee upon efficient workers and satisfied
Toe newest com some from Chisago.
There a 110.000, W0 cerporatiejL with M.GOOJrW
gross profits, the ConsUHrs Oompany. has
instituted a untpe Bottoms & profit-sharing.
It simplu uy jf jsmarkabl. Te company
merely agrees to add one pw eont. Interest
to to savings account of say employs. l
te4 t receiving tho usual savings bank
rot Urn in hi ago of 3 per cent the Jeiioaitor
gat i An, i ii, ere are no strings aUacfcsd.
This i' ...i vHmrtty It is an investment.
It is aa tevssu&tfu tat kottor - 'rim.
hmtlthler, stronger, more skilful, more Inter
ested. It la also an Investment In strike In
surance, it means more contented workers,
n smaller margin for wane disputes.
So far na the community Is n. partner In
all Industry, It Is a far mors Important In
vestment In human nature. While the Occi
dents of Industry, physical and vocational,
nro still with us. white wo enjoy no com
plete social mechanism for Insurance npalnst
Ill-health, nccldcnt and unemployment, sav
Ing Is the only windward anchor. Saving
which Is not deprivation Is tho surest guar
anty of futuro happiness and well-being.
End of Nullification
THE "grandfather" clause, In whatever
Stnto Constitution It appeared, recked
with Injustice. A limited ballot, yes; most
students of democracy are for It; but the
qualifications should bo universal In their
Tho wisdom, or lack of wisdom, In the gen
eral enfranchisement of the Negroes wns not
tho Issue. The Issue was tho nullification of
tho Constitution of tho United States. Thero
has been such nullification for a number of
years. The Supremo Court has vindicated
the Integrity of thnt great Instrument by Its
The South Itself has suffered greatly bo
causo of the "grandfather" clause A lit
eracy test would have compelled tho poorer
class of whites to acquire tho rudiments of
an education. But with tho voting booths
open to them on nccount of their descent
they were without a great Incentive. Tho
high percentage of Illiteracy In South Caro
lina and Alabama is nn evidence of tho de
plorable condition Into which a part of tho
whites havo permitted themselves to drift.
It may bo doubted If tho decision will havo
any great effect on the Negro vote In tho
South. It will tend rather to bring about a
tightening of tho qualifications, which may
reduce the whlto vote more thnn It will In
crease the black vote. Tho administration
of law Is moro Important often than the law
Itself. Registration dorks nro shrewd and
not always too scrupulous. Yot a big factor
In tho situation Is the thirst for education
which has characterized tho Negro raco In
recent years. Negro children have needed
no compulsory education. Their parents havo
attonded to thnt. An ordinary reading and
writing test would have no terrors for thou
sands of Negroes.
It Is probable that tho decision will cause
no drastic revision of the new rules for tho
Republican National Convention. Tho party
will wait to see If the decision can bo trans
lated Into actual votes, for actual, not possi
ble, votes must detormlno representation.
It Is worthy of 'notice that tho outlawing
of the "grandfather" clause will put an end
to efforts to reduce Southern representation
In Congress, since it does away with tho
basic reason for the campaign to accomplish
Tho "grandfather" clause disfranchised no
Negroes. It enfranchised whites who other
wise would have been disqualified.
BETWEEN' disasters wo are apt to forgot
tho fireman. Ho goes his way saving
property nnd often life. It Is only when
ho gives up his own life In tho service of
tho city that his fine work and finer sacri
fices swim up Into our consciousness. "Two
dead and thirteen Injured" Is a story that
recalls In a flash the noble servico of public
servants' who, pursuing a profession of sal
vngo and helpfulness, receive llttlo attention,
If happily no hlnme.
Tho firemen of Philadelphia, tho fine body
of men from whom tho martyrs of Tues
day's flro were drawn, hold a doublo dis
tinction by vlrtuo of the background against
which they work. Things are better nmong
tho police than they used to be. Things are
better even In ward politics. Hut for how
many years have not tho firemen of Phila
delphia shone as the single servico against
which no slurs were cast: for how many
years havo they not added to the heroism
of their work by n courageous struggle with
Inadequate equipment and n determination
to do the best even in the face of ofTlclnl
Ingratitude and neglect? Rotten hose, far
more fearful than the sword of Damocles Is
a symbol of things against which the flro
men havo fought and In spite of which they
The Pope Righteously Neutral
THE Allies can derive little comfort from
tho Interview which n French Journalist
secured with Pope Benedict. The head of
the Roman Catholic Church held a very even
balance between the contending parties. Ho
condemned the sinking of the Lusltnnla def
initely and unreservedly. But when the al
legod atrocities of tho Germans were con
sidered he balanced them with official denials
and with reported cruelties by the Russians.
His Holiness put the wholo matter on tho
broadest and firmest basis, the unrighteous
ness of war. "We are neutral," he said. "God
wishes that thero be peace among men. A
Pope can want and preach only peace."
Yet if there Is no comfort here for the
Allies there Is surely none for the warring
Kaiser. And thero is still less Justification
for the statement of Qustave Herve: "The
Pope has reached an understanding with
Austria, Bavaria and Prussia whereby, If
France and Italy are beaten, his tempornl
power In Rome wlll be restored to the
The Papacy has hod difficulties enough
with Italy; It has them even now. But I
has shown through the present crisis a frank
spirit of co-operation with tho Government.
Herve Is suffering from the fever of preju.
dice, which has been and Is epidemic.
"Lackawanna" does have a plaintiff sound.
They may hang Governor Slaton In effigy,
but Frank wilt not hang innocent.
"Deadhead" Is not perhaps the happiest
phrase for the Jitney procession last night.
vi.nami - ii li in nm
Six years for treason Is not half so bad as
death for being, a nonoombatant abgard an(
Dofltor of Laws Blankenburg (Dartmouth
this im) would be dotorlng a lot more if
it weren't for the gang in Councils.
It appears, upon jultwiaklng raseareh,
that Italy has also forgotten to declare waj
on Gsnoany. The error will be corrected
Any gentleman with H,0W,eM,eo9 cash tq
InvMt will Iwrs something to bis a4yantage
by oesnrouBleaUtig with Ur. Reginald M
There Is some reason to beUave that Phila
delphia u getoe to H4 tt oi Mayur.
even U U 4w twvo to fk U dtojpleasure
aT "BaMef Imb te aa AaljUf .
i .. i -
The Rfeturn of the Golden Age to
the Northern Island Has Been De
layed for Years by tho Conflict in
By ERNEST DAVIS
THE humorous view of Iceland was ex
pressed the other day somewhat as fol
lows: "Baedekers nro being slaughtered at
fifty cents nplccc at tho bookshops, but nil
things considered It strikes tin thnt oven
thnt Is a stiff price. Still tho volumes treat
ing of Iceland and tho territory ndjoln'n?
tho South Polo nro aa utile now ns they
Iceland Is nn unfortunate name. It is by
no menni the barren, desolato country that
many of us suppose. It Is n pastoral coun
try. Tho great bulk of the population of
ninety thousnnd Is scattered on tho farms.
Still tho winters nro severe, nnd tho sum
mer months usunlly aro only four nnd n
half (from tho first of May to mld-Scptcm-bcr).
though sometimes tho mild weather
lingers until November.
And now tho sturdy people of Iceland turn
to tho land to which I,clf tho Lucky sailed
a thousand years ago nnd ask for better
trade rotations. They want to sell goods to
us and buy goods from us. They havo sent
agents to tnllc tho matter over with Ameri
cans. Trndlnjr Under Difficulties
The war which has racked Europe has
been particularly hnrd In Us effects upon
many Isolated communities thousands of
miles removed from Its storm centre. Of
these nono has beon moro quick to suffer
than Icoland. Tho Icelanders nro compelled
to rely for their grain, wood nnd many other
essential domestic wares upon tho outside
world, Its communications with tho Euro
pean continent aro menaced by tho widely
sown mines of the belligerents, nnd tho In
creased prices of foodstuffs on tho continent
hnvo mado tho continuance of trndo un
profitable. So, In their dilemma, tho Ice
landers havo turned to the United States.
Iceland was prospering when tho war
broko out nnd wob looking forward to a re
turn of Its golden age. Tho live stock Indus
try wns thriving better thnn ever before.
Tho 300,000 head of cattle nnd 2,000,000 sheep
were yielding good money returns. ThoJslnnd
crs enn sell tho llvo stock products In Europe,
but cannot secure the goods they need In
return. Iceland sheep, by the way, mako
splendid mutton, extra fine. Tho Icelanders
havo a good export In trade In mutton nnd
wool, and are now offering us a part of It
In exchange for breadstuffs and manufac
tured products. They nro offering also dried
and salted fish. The fish crop last year In
cluded about 200,000 barrels of herring.
Iceland, a pastoral rather than nn agri
cultural community, cannot rnlso wheat
profitably, and Is dependent for breadstuffs
on Importation. Potatoes nre raised and n
few other vegetables, but for many neces
sities Iceland Is now looking to the United
States and hoping that our exporters will
think It worth while to devote more atten
tion thnn heretofore to this island of the
northern seas. Tho Icelanders who havo
come over to talk with Americans on this
subject report that tho harbors on the south
ern const nro never frozen In, nnd that only
once In a great many years has tho northern
const been blocked by Ice. The distance
from New York Is 2400 miles, or ten days'
Iceland Is really a country by Itself. It Is,
of course, a dependency of Denmark, and
has been for several hundred years, but It
benrs nbout tho snmo governmental relation
ship to tho Danish kingdom as Cnnnda or
Australia benrs to the British Crown. The
King of Denmark nppolnts n Governor Gen
eral to rule the Island, hut tho Danes them
selves elect an Althing, or Parliament, by
which they nrp actually g.erned. Tho
Island is practically n republic. It has no
aristocracy, no army, no nnvy and ono of
tho smallest poor lists in tho world. But
tho people aro not Danish; to call them so
would bo nn insult. They are Icelanders,
and their language Is Icelandic, which Is
neither Danish, Norwegian nor Swedish, but
the parent tongue from which nil three have
In short, tho Icelanders are tho uncor
rupted stock of the ancient Norweglnn
Vikings, to which was grafted a pronounced
Irish Celtic element, and, protected as they
havp been In their isolation, the absenco of
Immigration and tho sturdlness of their
strain, they represent today practically the
Bame race as that of which the skalds sans
In the great painted halls of the chieftains,
when tho Icelandic sagas were composed to
record tho deeds of Jarls who drove their
long ships wherever there was water to
carry their keels.
Some BOO years before Columbus set sail
with his caravels a Viking company from
Iceland under Lelf the Lucky, a sea king
of renowned fame, ventured across tho un
known western ocean and gained the Bhores
of this continent at n point supposed to be in
the vicinity of Martha's Vineyard. Now
Iceland, after passing through such vicissi
tudes as have visited few countries In his
tory, has struggled back to a condition ap
proximating the splendor of jta ancient days,
nnd It has extended a hand across the gray
Atlantlo rollers, Inviting Americans to es
establish closer trade relationships with its
rock-bound fjords, (ts white-capped Jokulls
and Intervening pasture lands.
Away out In the South Pacific Tahiti was
busy worrying about its trade relations with
the outside world until the Inhabitants
learned that the United States was not
likely to become the ally of Germany and
Austria. The German Admiral. Von Spee,
visited the Tahltlan archipelago in the early
days of the war, and at a breakfast attended
.by many of the European residents of Bora
bora declared that the United States would
remain neutral only a short time longer, aa
she was already hand-In-glove with Ger
many, and it would greatly benefit her to
side with that country. On that occasion
he gave a toast "To our new allies, the
United States of America." But the Islanders
of the arshtpelago are still doing business
with San Francisco.
Frem the Clevalasd Plain Uaaltr.
A swimming expert state tbat swimming
la aa easy aa walking. That doesn't reeom.
mead it mueh to a fat man. "
THE SWITHS OP MEXICO
Krn the YraUfte BvtoiAMr Star.
Reports e the death ef Stawtoeo Villa are
calculated te ateuee felee heTuaMg n5i-
tMueatiy alweat M cwaww, jB Msasfco'a
"flmttb" la this eouxUry. . -
WHY JAPAN WANTS AMERICA AS ALLY
Tokio Believes That the Great Hour of Japan Has Arrived
With the European War and That Our Participation
Would Further Her Plans of Empire.
By STANHOPE SAMS
Until Recently Editor of tho Toklo Tlmoa.
IT SEEMS at least probable that our pres
ent controversy with Germany may havo
the somewhat startling result of allying us
with Japan. Tho two peoples would havo
common causo, If not common war, against
Germany; and cither of theso relations might
easily lead to an alliance, virtual If tem
porary, with Japan, Instead of tho threatened
permanent alienation. Under tho general ln
lluenco of such associations, Magdalena Bay
and Turtle Bay and "open-door" incidents
would soon bo forgotten, and tho two na
tions might, in tho wordj o' Thompson,
"grip hands round tho warded world."
America and Japan havo been allies bo
foro nnd may bo again at any turn of tho
world-wheel. Shoulder to shoulder and In the
friendliest rivalry, they marched to Peking
to put an end to the hellish orgies of tho
"Boxers," and It is not inconceivable thnt
they should again act together In the causo
of peace and civilization.
Japan would welcome America In tho wnr,
or her moral support of tho Allies through
her breaking off diplomatic relations with
Germany. She would feel that another point
had been gained, nnothcr opportunity won,
In tho great effotts she has put forth to ex
pel German Interests and power from tho
Fnr Enst. It Is true that sho might soon sco
America replace Germany as a commercial
rival; but tho rivalry with America Is and
always has been different, and Jnpan de
spises and fears Germany, whose methods In
tho Far East havo ever been nccompanlcd
by tho "mailed fist" and by expanding power.
Japan's Erstwhilo Rivals
Some years ago, when Japan first began
having visions of world-power, sho had three
definite and dangerous rivals England, Rus
sia and China. China she crushed from her
path by the war of 1891, by which she got a
firm footing In Korea later annexed nnd in
Manchuria. Russia was rendered Innocuous
by the victories of Port Arthur, Mukden and
Tsushima and now by agreement with re
spect to the present war and relations as to
Mongolia. England's rivalry was emascu
lated by tho Anglo-Japanese Alliance. But
these gains were largely offset by the tre
mendous and menacing growth of German
Influence nnd aggressive power In the Far
East; and so tho fourth and new rival had
to bo disposed of In order to clear her way
for a peaceful but none the less subjugating
Invasion of tho northern territories of China.
The vigorous part she played In the early
stages of the present war, resulting In tho
crushing of Germany's forces and the sweep
ing nway of Germany's flag and trade and
every vestige of tho Fatherland from the
Far Eastern lands and seas, has achieved for
her an unchallenged supremacy in commerce
and martial power throughout one-half of
tho world. Friendship in a common cause
with America would serve to establish this
supremacy, by Insuring the finality of Ger
man expulsion from the Far East,
It Is Interesting to recall that during Mr.
Wilson's campaign for the Presidency the
best portion of the Japanese press and public
spoke of him In the highest terms of appre
ciation, and has done So ever since. Even in
the trying period to Japan of tho "wa,tch.
fill-waiting" policy as to Mexico the Japa
nese press and most influential officials of
the Government declared that It was the
pacific policy of a ruler who was not afraid
of a Just and necessary war. Baron Maklno,
Foreign Minister, said as much to me In a
long conversation on the Mexican and Call,
fomla questions. Baron Kato, present For
eign Minister, end his chief, Premier Count
Okurna, have also expressed similar views.
To Toklo the greet hour of Japan seems to
have arrived with the present war. With
these rivals beaten or removed from her
path, tlia conflict gave her a chance to erush
the fourth and to pUcte the fifth. To her
all "doors" are now "open." especially those
that lead Into the heart of eastern Asia. She
an now proceed to realize her stupendously
magnificent vision of an empire that will
etreteh Its sceptre over all the Islands that
fpoot the east coast of Asia and across the
Jjm Se as- far as the Chineee "Weil and
the Amur The exact bound of this dream.
empire have not been flxedL but they will not
"BUT HEAH I IS!"
Peking, then follow thnt ancient Tartar
barrier to tho Khingan Mountains, thence to
tho Argun nnd Sungarl Rivers probably as
far north ns tho southern banks of tho Amur,
Including tho wholo of Manchuria, home of
China's former conquerors and present ruling
By Permission of tho Powers
Japan feels that sho may as Justly claim
this vast territory as Rumania exacted a
strip of land from Bulgaria for not fighting,
or as Italy claims "Italia irredenta" for even
a perilously belated entry Into tho war. Sho
will expect at least this much In tho antic
ipated parceling out of tho German spoils,
when tho Allies will, ris she 'hopes, take tho
vast Teutonic empire and
part It as a dish
Whereof to each his wish
The amity of the full feast decides.
With these things In view, Japan may.
j upon tho invitation of France nnd the other
Allies, dispatch some of her fine nrmy corps
to help decide the issue along the two far
flung battle-lines In Europe. Thero IS, as
wo say, a strong "party" in Japan In favor
of immediate Intervention and tho sending
of an efficient army to aid their Western
allies. It Is even believed In Toklo and olse
whero that Count Okuma himself, together
with his nblcst lieutenants In tho Govern
ment, as well as thousands of thinking men
In public and prlvato life, would llko to
havo Japan sharo actively and conspicuously
In the struggle along the foremost lines of
But whatever Japan gain? by the war and
whatever larger scope tho war may afford to
her ambitions need not disturb America.
Tho war has, for tho present time, at least,
diverted the attention and the keenest inter
est of Japan to tho continent of Asia. This is
her proper field, her true and natural "sphere
'of Influence." Asia alono offers full play for
tho gathered forces of the rejuvenated em
pire. And tho region that includes Korea
and Manchuria Is tho best part of the earth's
surface for the development of the Japanese
people best suited to them for reasons of
race, traditions, culture and the character
the nation has now acquired.
Should the tide of Japanese migration turn
definitely to the heart of Asia, at least to tho
Interior of Manchuria, it would remove ono
Bource of apprehension to both Japanese
and Americans and allow space and time
for the healing of Jealousies and old wounds.
Tho two peoples, long united In real friend
ship, could then engage In friendly rivalry
for tho trade empire of the Pacific shores and
of the Incommensurable future commerce of
eastern and southern Asia.
THE UNIVERSITY CHARTER
Alumnus Urges Its Amendment to Meet
Issue of Academic Freedom
THE graduates of the University of Penn
sylvania have within their power the remedy
for such unfortunate controversies as that
roused by the dlsmUsal of Doctor Nearlng If
they will only exercise It. The often,, against
"academic freedom." which I. charged to the
board of trustees, Is made poaslble by the terms
of the charter which the University holds from
the mate. Therefore, why not amend the cha
Judged by the standard, which obtain
throughout the unlver.ity world, the charter
under wh ch Pennsylvania operate, i, archaic
and totally inadequate for the need, o, the
UnWerelty. It gives the beard of truatee, an
arbitrary power not subject to review by any
o her body and far exceeding that enjoyed by
other institution, of higher education. The
board i, compoeed of U men. wlM not onl
self-perpetuating, but whose terms of oZl
expire oaly with their death., NelUuTtK
alumni nor the students can affect their ten,,?!
In office nor interfere with their '?
only Rower that can reaeh them U tteTaS!
Lecture He. "" SUt
Ifervard. Yale and Princeton da ,.
WfiWM like these wi4. power, to tX
boards. Although Pennsylvania U wav-",!
Of national end lat.raatloaal rete, drawlag u
the world, all Its trustee must be resident! of
Philadelphia. Tho boards which govern the
destinies of Harvard, Yalo and Princeton ate
drawn from a field as extensive, as the student
Pennsylvania Is qulto as unfortunate In the
manner by which Its trustees nre elected, "WIUv
the exception thnt tho General Alumni Assocli.'
tlon may "nomlnato" a candidate for every
third vacancy, tho board fills Its own v.icrmclei.'J
nils is nnrdly a concession, because the board
reserves tho right to reject nil such nomlneej
nnd to compel the submission of new namis
until a satisfactory candidate Is presented. Mm
Harvard tho board of overseers, which corrt'
sponds to the board of trustees, Is not only,
nominated, but elected by the alumni bocy. k
Yale nnd Princeton the charters make their
boards to a certain extent self-perpetuating, buv
In each caso tho alumni are permitted to narao
six or moro members.
Without doubt conditions nt Pennsylvania
would bo vastly Improved If the charter vera
amonded In at least three, particulars: vj
1. The board of trustees should be elected en
tlrely by the alumni of the Unlversltyi
2. Tho trustees should hold office only fori
specific term of years. . J
3. Tho trustees should not be limited to resi
dents of Philadelphia, nor oven the State of!
Pennsylvania; but should be drawn from th
entire United States.
There are other reforms which could be "ladejl
wun uuvamngo, nna prouaoiy would De mo,
charter wore amended In accordance with the'
foregoing suggestions. For example, the Inter
cats of education could bo bolter served If the
nctual governing body were much smaller, aftirj
tho system In force at Harvard, Tho Cam-!
bridge Institution has a board of overseers, MS
mo ncium administration is perrormea cy an
executive board of a few members, who re-M
port at regular intervals to the overseertS
Much the same system has been found neces
sary at Yale. ,
Another conclusion ono cannot escape la that-
the alumni of Pennsylvania are largely to blame
If their board of trustees Is not represents!!!
or responsive to the needs of the University and
higher education. They have regarded thJj
administration of their alma mater with en?
tlrely too much complacency. Pennsylvania la,
supposed to be the people's university, aijd !l!
trustees snouid nt least represent nnd carry ou
the wishes of the great body of the alumni. J:
the trustees do not represent the wishes of the,
alumni It Is partly because the alumni are lras
Pennsylvania's charter can and shouW'tfct,
amended, and there are enough Pennsylvania
graduates in the State Legislature, not t;
mention an alumnus who Is also ex-offlcI5,
president of the board of trustees and Oovem0!
of the State, to bring enough power to bear;
on that body to amend the charter so that
more efficient administration could be eecureij
and trustees elected who would be responsive
to the alumni body and the cause of higher,
The Legislature will not be in session agsln
until 1917, but In the meantime thoee alumni
who are now complaining so bitterly abouU;
organize their forces and concentrate thW
energies on Harrlaburg. E. R. P.fj
As In, old days of mellow candle-light,
A little flame of gold beside the pane
Where loy branches blowing In the rain
Seem imeeter flffllrM nf n. frhnntlv mlrht.
Yet on the hearth the fire Is warm end briM
The homelV kettla ntcimn n nft refrain.
And to one's mind old things rush back agalDJ
Rweei icnaer imngs still young in aesine u
Be, when the winter blasts aeroaa life's its
Do beat about my door nd shake the walla
Until the house must sink upon the sand,
Then on some magic wind of memory.
Borne SWlftly to mv hi-rt a vhlina- falls
And on my arm the pressure of your h8t
Tnoraae b. Jones, Jr., In "The Volca of Bllenea,-
B. F. KEITH'S THEATER
CHBSTNUT AND TWEUTH STREETS
RRrnrc &. KING
4M "WAT.TTT'T? H TrTP.T.TVra
PRINCESS HADJAH, TIGHB 1
UAUCTTS BABOONS, lHBj
market: and juwip
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.. . . MARV MILW, V.NTtA.r "
Tfaura.. Frt. gat. Vtola, JL1I "White Blitt
MOW OPBN TO THE PUBLIC
TQ PATBOMfl Q PARK TROLLBf
BR'fi INVHKTIflN. A 119
J Tl SSy MONARCHS AND ,JJA
; Wilfrid Dubois picttrss
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