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PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
rtnrs ir k. crntiB, rittrwmT
' Churl It J.nMnmm vlre IrMdit : Jhn C Mrtln,
er.jr and Trufri Philip 8. CeUlnn, John B.
, WJflhim. Mrertore
1 rto II K Ci'ktl, Chairmen.
t It W1IALBT tfawjOllr Bailor
JfUIM c MARTIN .OXiwal BwlrKin Menerer
rubiietal daily at pstuo Lmn nuildlnr.
Independence Square, Philadelphia.
tMMtt CiMTtAt.. Bread nd Mtnul BtrjMe
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Fhnuw npiKiir (10 Frledrlehetr;,
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nyrarrler, Djlir O.itt, t cent. Hy mill. oitpld
cmtildi of rhlladelphl. wcfrl hfr foreign poti
l wlulred, Dilfct Otl.r, one month, twenty-nvn eentji
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Nonci Bubcrlbr wlhlne: addr chanted mint
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TUB AVERAC1B NET PAID DAILY CIRCULA
TION OP Til 13 EVENINO LEDOER
ron MAY WAS I1.IH.
riHLADFiritlA, THURSDAY, JUNK 10, 191S.
The wounded heart f made to bleed anew by
probing it to learn the trouble.
Cleveland's Lesson for Philadelphia
MA.YOK BLiANKENUUIta'S comparison of
tho good ho met on his recent visit to
Cleveland with tho III ho has had to fight in
Philadelphia Is not a stlnBlnj? rebuko to Coun
cils alone. It has a deep and broad mcanlnR
for tho wholo city.
Councils stands for tho old conception of a
city, Clovcland for tho now. It was onco
customary to look on municipal government
at Us best as an unfortunato necessity of
law and order, and at Its worst as tho natural
spoils of personal and party politics. Tho
men who stand with Mayor Baker, of Cleve
land, and Mayor UlankcnburK, of Philadel
phia, conceive tho city ns a vaBt mechanism
of helpfulness, nn Instrument of constructive
labor for tho public good.
Mayor Blankcnburg has found Clovcland
far on the newer road. And ho has found
It so because its Mayor has had tho co
operation, Instead of tho obstruction, of a
small and responsible, instead of an un
wieldy and Irresponsible, City Council. Tho
lesson Is 'plain enough: a reorganization of
tho city's legislative mechanism, and until
that comes, as sharp an eyo on tho candi
dates for Councils next fall as on the candi
dates for Mayor.
WHEN Is n teacher not a teacher? If It
had not been for tho prompt and salu
tary nctlon of tho Board of Education Phil
adelphia's answer would stand: When ho
lives In tho suburbs. Bccauso Mr. E. II. Lan
dls happens to have his homo In Cynwyd his
appointment to a more responsible position
than ho now holds In tho Central High School
was opposed. Mr. Landls" already tested
talents seemed to he suddenly invalidated by
'"Ajho discovery that Mr. Landls' children do
lipt attend a city school and that ho docs
not pay city taxes.
Tho speed with which tho hoard disposed
of the proposal to penalize all teachers in
Mr. Landls' position speaks well for tho fu
turo of Philadelphia's educational system.
It surh silly, parochial reasoning were to rule
n metropolitan city Jn tho selection of public
servants, then the already pettifogged pro
fession or pedagogy would not bo tho only
sorvlco to suffer. "Tho ability of a man to
fiervo a city ounnot bo measured by whero
Clemency In the Interest of Justice
THERE is doubt all over tho United States.
Bavo In certain circles In Atlanta, that Leo
M Frank la guilty of murder. Tho courts
that havo reviewed tho case slnco tho Jury
found its verdict have considered only tho
technical Questions Involved In tho admission
of evidence and in tho removal of tho accused
from tho courtroom before tho Jury an
nounced Its findings. Tho adequacy of tho
evidence on which ho was convicted has not
been reviewed, unless tho Georgia Board of
Pardons, which was asked to recommend tho
commutation of tho death sentence to 11 to Im
prisonment, considered this Important phase
of the subject. The board has rejected the
plea for commutation. But Its decision does
hot affect tho facts Jn the case.
It is within tho power of tho Oovernor to
ovcrrulo tho Pardon Board. He doubtless bo
lleves that It IS moro Important that Justice
be done than that Frank be hanged a week
from Tuesday. If ho should commute the
death Bentonce, It would then, be possible to
free the man In the event of the confession
of tho other suspect or suspects, or on tho
discovery of evidence exonerating Frank.
But if he is hanged and It should later ap
pear that ho was Innocent, no reparation
could be made. Those who havo been follow
ing tho casa are hoping that the Governor
Will exercise clemency In the Interest of ulti
Let Girard Give the Nation Its Marine
STEPHEN OIIUIID, who made part of
his great fortune on the sa, planned that
a long succession of .sea oaptalns should be
trained In the college that he founded. For
what has seemed sufficient reasons, the
Qourse In navigation has not been developed.
Its importance, however. Is recognized by
the president of the college and by the Board
of City Trusts. Two years ago the president
recommended the purchase of a training ship,
to be used by the students of navigation.
He has perfected plans for carrying out the
purposes of the great ship owner who pro
vided for the education of orphan boys.
n enterprise of such great Importance, ean-
gat be entered upon without the careful oon-
jtration oi tno men in onarge or the funds
must ba used. They are broad-minded
ftixens. intensely Interested In the deyetop-
pjent of every institution in the city- There
c no doubt that they wUl deaige in the near
future to create here the greatest prjvat
muttcal training shl in America. The
foundations were laid tor it whn the Girard
Kill was probated, and it is only peaesury to
'ViiiU the superstructure.
?Im whole country is new beginning to ap-
peectste the Importance of developing the raer-
ffeaifit marina Thoughtful citHwiM us de
tnaueing legislation which will encourage men
a iueji their capital in vewato to fly the
Ajv ri'ati fits TfaoM abipa nut be com
&i. : i (- American oWaara, Tbey are bound
lo be built within a few years, and It Is of
the first Importance that men trained In nav
igation should bo ready to take command or
them when they nre launched Wo have here.
In Glrftnl College, the raw material of "
captain and the money td be used In turn
ing out a finished product If Olrard could
graduate twenty men a year fitted to servo
as omccra on board ship It would provldo
tho nucleus of a growing body of com
manders fitted to navigate American ships on
tho Seven Seas and to restore tne "'""
merchant marlno to Its old prestige. 1W'
delphla can assume the leadership In tins
great work because It Is better prepared for
it than nny other community.
The schoolahlp Bnehored oft the Delaware
Capes Is expected noon to bo transformed
from a vision In the mind of President Her
rlck Into a substantial reality.
The President for Honorable But no Other
Kind of Peace
Mil. BRYAN'S statement of yesterday Is
so lacking In timeliness thnt consldcra
tlon of tho nrguments ndvnnccd would be a
waslo of time. Mr. Bryan should have re
signed before the first nolo was sent, If ho In
tended to resign nt nil. There can, of course,
bo no withdrawal from n position deliberately
taken. Mr. Bryan knows that. Nor ulll it
bo posslblo easily to forgUo a mfln who In
the very midst of a crisis, with no excuse
except that ho ha withdrawn from his
employment, takes tho public into his con
fldcnco and reveals tho Intimate discussion
previously held In the Cabinet.
Thcro Is, however, some satisfaction to tho
country In tho thought that there aro ft few
men about who do their own thinking. Mr.
Bryan. It appear, docs not change his opin
ions as tho crowd yelps.
Tho President Is quite as devoted to peaca
ns Mr. Brynn Is. Hut he knows thcro can
bo no peace by humiliating acquiescence In
whatever outrages another nation may caro
to launch against us. Ho will havo pcaco
by Insisting on our HghU; Mr. Bryan would
havo peace by surrendering our rights.
There u 111 be no war, In the general accept
anco of tho term. Wo might almost as well
talk of battling with tho Mnrtlans. Wo havo
no army to send to Europe nnd Germany has
no army to send to America. The gun has
not been Invented that will shoot across the
Atlantic. There Is no enthusiasm for war
A curt refusal of our demands would mean
tho adoption of measures to vlndlcato our
rights. If Germany will not stop tho sub
marine outrages against US', we can stop
them by convos. Wo can stranglo her
economically while vitalizing dny by day her
foes. Tho cards, to that extent, nro all In
our own hands.
It would bo well for tho people lo bo calm
and rcposo every confldonco In tho President,
who has never shown to greater advantngo
than recently. If peace can honorably bo
preserved, ho will preservo It. If friendly
relations must bo broken off, ho will dcdlcato
tho nation to a course certain to uphold our
prcstlgo although It bathe no communities In
blood nnd slckon no pcoplo with unutterablo
WORD comes from Chicago that Illinois
manufacturers havo been looking
askanco at tho offer of contracts from Rus
sia bccauso tho Russians aro unable to pay
That Is not the wny to develop our foreign
trade In the great crisis In international com
merce. It is necessary to flnanco not only
Russia, but China and South America, if wo
aro to get any considerable sharo of tho busi
ness of the future. Wo havo already lent
money to some of tho warring nations with
which to pay for munitions. But thoso na
tions borrowed tho money before they gave
the orders for the goods.
Tho commercial statesman Is tho man who,
when orders como from a nntlon which has
not tho money, will go out into tho banks
with his prospectho customer and help him
raise funds, thereby providing a market for
American dollars as well ns for American
goods. There Is money In tho United States
awaiting Investment. All that Is necessary
to bring It Into the open la for tho men who
know where there Is an actlvo demand for
funds to bring together tho man with tho
dollars and the man with tho need.
The Olive Branch and the Sword
WHEN war Is unavoidable wo must em
braco it wholly and heartily for the sake
of peace. You cannot carry the olive branch
nnd the sword together, for the ollvo will
hide tho sword or tho sword tho olive. Who
ever takes tho sword In one hand and tho
olive branch In the other Is half-hearted as
ho Is half-armed and meets half way tho
shameful defeat which his craven soul so
licits. George William Curtis, in "Tho Amer
ican Doctrine of Liberty," delivered before
tho Harvard Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa In
A hypocrite by
smell no sweeter.
any other name would
King Wheat couldn't have picked a more
thoughtful moment for a bumper crop.
Josephua Daniels wants it to be understood
that whatever else he may be he Is not a
The man who can pay $360,000 for the slto
for his country house need not worry about
his gas bills.
That was a pretty big pipeful of tobacco
widen went up In smpke when the Rich ware
house In Marietta was burned.
. I III WIIP
It Is the irony of fate that the price of
toeks in hated Wall street should sag -with
the news of the resignation of Bryan.
Champ Clark deubtleea is wondering why
Mr. Bryan would not arbitrate at Baltimore.
The XabraekaR was then store arbitrary than
The prt'l8T alumni of Syracuse Univer
sity are underatod to bUv that the Chan
cellor has had engraved an a brass plate at
tached to hi ifeavbtg Mirror this Insert?
tloa. "This is tb list the Lord bath made."
It is estimated that M students wltl be re
fused admlislon to Pennsylvania State Col
lege next fall oa aocouat of lack of room.
ThU le one of the eases where a failure to
appropriate money la an extravagance, not
WORDS AS THE
SPOILS OF WAR
Language Is Enlarged or Modified
on the Battlefleld-The Present
Conflict "Repeats History" ns a
By RAYMOND G. FULLER
DOCTOR JOHNSON defined "lexlcog
rnphcr" as meaning "a maker of dic
tionaries a harmless drudge." War is not
exnctlv a lexicographer or a harmless drudge,
but It Is a maker of dictionaries. War aug
ments slang nnd enriches language. More
over, slang enriches language, though the
rxnmptcs of tho slang of the European
trcnchei, ns nuotcd In a provlous article,
seem to give llttlo promise as yet of so
beneficent a result. But "slang today, good
usago tomorrow," it Is said, and sometimes
It Is true
Thero are, of course. Innumerable natural
ized Immigrant words In the English lan
guage, nnd many of them havo been brought
to us by returning soldiers. At first theso
linguistic spolli aro frowned upon Tho Lon
don Times recalls what Addison thought
nbout the matter. "The humorous paper In
tho Spectator in which Addison reprobates
this adulteration of our tongue, half In
onrncst nnd half In Jesf, Is ono of tho most
curious Illustrations which exist of tho
rapidity with which tho tonguo grows and
of the process by which It assimilates and
rejects words of foreign origin. Tho writer
protests thnt ho has nowhere read how Ed
ward IH 'reconnoltered' the enemy or heard
of tho Black Prlnco crossing rivers with the
aid of 'pontoon-),' nnd ho glv" the letter of a
young ofllcer from tho front In tho Blenheim
campaign ns an example of tho oxtravngant
cmploment of French terms. Tho officer's
father, wo nro told, nearly disinherited him,
bccauso as neither tho old gontlemnn him
self nor tho mimic, whom ho looked upon
ns a learned man, understood them ho sus
pected that hit son who when writing for
money spoko Intelligibly enough was ban
tering him. Tho son was not acquitted until
tho public prints, somo days after, showed
that hf 'only writ as other men.'
Battalions on nn English Footing
"Most of tho Gnlllclsms condemned by so
accomplished a master of pure English ns
Addison havo become part of our overyday
speech. Wo have rojected 'hauteur' for
'height,' but wo talk of marching through
'defiles,' of 'marauding, of 'battalions,' of
'corps' nnd of Vommnndnnts' without tho
least suspicion that wo nro using words
which wcro of dubious Engllshry only two
Ono of the later singes In tho naturaliza
tion of words Is exemplified In a story told
of Lord Pnlmcrston. Tho British Minister
grlovously offended a chnrgc d'affaires who
had written "battalions" by remarking, "Tell
A. II. to direct hit nmnnuenals to plnco his
battalions on tho English and not on tho
French footing." Tho aggrieved man re
torted that "amanuensis" was not English.
Thcro is not n llttlo romantic Interest In
tho etymologlcnl history of many of our war
terms In running over tho current expres
sions wo find a curious Interchange of root
nnd derivative, whereby wo see that nearly
every nation has taken prisoner In Its own
tongue an expression which nt ono tlmo or
another was tho possession of a hostile or at
least an alien nation. An exception among
tho war terms of our own language Is the
word "shrapnel," which Is not, ns might be
supposed, a German word, but tho nnme of
tho British colonel who Invented tho deadly
Most of tho titles of officers havo Latin
derivations, which Is rather n careless thing
to say In view of tho debt of most modern
langungcs to that ancient one. "General,"
"major" nnd "captain" Immediately como to
mind as illustrations. Our curiously pro
nounced "colonel" Is decidedly un-English.
It Is Inherited from tho Italian, whero "colon
nollo," tho dlmlnutlvo of "colonna" (Latin,
"columna") or column, como to signify not
only a column of Btono, but a column of men
ns well. The officer of a "little column" was
given tho tltlo of his "ommand.
"Where War Came From
Pro-ally partisans will sco a certain fitness
In tho fnct that "war" began In Germany,
In tho gulso of tho old Germanic noun
"werrn." It Is a sort of gentleman adven
turer and has fought under many flags. It
appeared In Spain nnd Italy as "guerra" and
In France as "guerre."
The word "musket" has an Italian deriva
tion, from "moschotto," which was originally
a species of small sparrow-hawk. In ancient
times and in tho Middle Ages the name
"musket" was used to designate a small
mortar which threw arrows When gunpow
der was Invented a small cannon was called
"musket," and later tho rifle of the ordinary
Infantryman earned tho name, whllo tho sol
diers themselves were christened "mus
keteers." "Dragoon" nnd "cuirassier" come
from the French. Tho shields of the dra
goons originally bore the figure of a dragon.
Tho word "uhlan" comes from tho Turkish
"oglan," meaning "youth." "Bayonet" takes
Its namo from the town of Bayonne, where
the Inventor lived, and "pistol" from tho
Italian town, Plstoja, once famous for Its
A number of new words, many of them
French, have already been generally adopted
In tho British trenches. Of course they
have not become established In the language,
but It is interesting to note, for Instance,
that "liaison" has been borrowed for use in
other senses than the culinary or the amor
ous. It Is applied to the linking together
of different armies or units. Similarly "de
gommer," which properly means "to take
the gum out of" (as applied to silks and
other stuffs), has come to signify on Eng-
llsh tongues "to dlsmfss from a port."
The French soldiers and (he Journalists
of tha trenches the men who nre publishing
newspapers at the front are using "mar
mite" (saucepan) as meaning a heavy shell.
"Zlgoulller," a word borrowed from the vo
cabulary of the Apache and meaning "to
stick a knife Into," Is used by the French
fighters In the sense of "to bayonet," Thus
is reflected In a word the fierceness of war.
The work of the soldiers in cutting trees or
barricades, huts and firewood finds a figura
tive expression in the use of "boulot" (log)
as' meaning "work." "Falre du bon boulot"
is "to do good work."
It many ways our Bngllsh language has
hw enlarged or modified by war, but we
still stick to a metaphor founded oa bygone
ways at fighting. Nations still "take up the
sword." though "moving tie, howl tier" would
now be more appropriate.
WORDS AND DBSD8
From th LouUvllle CuurUr-Jourot.
It mut b admitted that the Kaieer fixaM
with uinaiul owiv fUU Uhm he a-rfM-ei,
T H TTTtflPAY. JTTNE
CAN THE PEON BE
The "Benighted" 80 Per Cent,
Opportunity of Helping
By b. w.
IT WOULD be Insane folly to give tho peon
tho votol Tho reactionary interests of
Mexico havo adhered to this prlnciplo Inflex
ibly, nnd It Is stilt tho rock upon which
succcsslvo conferences with our Stnto De
partment continue to split. Even In tho Im
pending crisis of starvation and pestllenco
thcro nre llttlo groups of moneyed Influences
which will not yield a centimeter of ground,
even for tho purposu of meeting tho Presi
dent half wny in his equally firm and posl
tlvo stand that the submerged majority must
havo a look-in and n "say" in determining
what shall happen to them.
Let us consider tho peon himself In the
light of his nlleged disqualifications for even
so much ns muttering In his own behalf. His
disqualifications aro these. Illiteracy, lack of
susceptibility to reasoning influences, child
llko faith In lmnges nnd therefore pronencss
to follow nny glittering Idol that nttracts
tho eye, unmornllty. Somo of tho moro pro
found reactionaries explain tho Mexican
peon's unfitness on ethnological grounds,
pronouncing him "a mongrel nnd a hybrid
that cannot advance savo by tho slow
processes of eugenics."
Bull Fights Versus Schools
It has long been tho argument of thoso who
kept tho Mexican peon In bondage that If ho
was offered the cholco between bull fights and
public schools ho would choose bull fights.
Following out this chain of thought, It was
concluded with great sagacity that If the
peon got tho voto ho would exercise this
cholco and build bull-fight arenas Instead of
If you will go down Into southwest Texas
you will get a little different light on tho In
herent tendencies of tho peon. You will see
this submerged unmoral human unit sending
nil of his children to school and eagerly seek
ing for himself what knowledgo ho may ob
tain nt home. Ho has not been offered any
choice of bull fights, nnd to nil outward ap
pearances gets along happily and cosily with
out them. By somo strange anomaly his
unmornllty docs not obtrudo Itself. It Is not
necessary to police tho streets of tho popu
lous llttlo quarter whero he llvos to check his
vlclousncss. Ho seems to grasp Intuitively
that simple moral laws obtain and must not
be violated. He becomes Imitative and emu
lative of the better things he sees going on
around him. If ho retains somo of his primi
tive Instinct for revengo he seldom exercises
It, for It Is soon Impressed upon his simple,
childlike nature that this sort of thing Is not
a good custom, that Its practice Is dangerous
to himself. It requires very little force of
example to bring that primary impulse of
self-preservation Into play even among the
The Politician's Bait
Tou will hear the contention that the en
franchised peon will simply lend himself to
exploitation by unscrupulous native politi
cians. Even so, he Is going to get something
out of It. The unscrupulous politician must
ubb bait to catch oven the most Illiterate, and
slnco tho dawn of civilisation the most
effective bait even among semi-savage races
has been in the nature of publla improve
ments, In this age there Is no more endur
ing or secure public Improvement bait than a
public school. If you recall the various his
tories that have been written of the shame of
our cities and minor municipalities you will
find ample testimony that there are high pos
sibilities of graft In the 'erection of public
echool buildings. And it is posslblo to build
scores of public schools where one bull ring
The reactionaries who pity the fate of the
poor enfranchised peon become the tool and
instrument of unscrupulous demagogues, can.
not turn the glass around and show us a pic
ture of a happier peon under the domination
of a dictatorship and a glided ruling class.
They cannot show any public Improvements
of the sort that the many could enjoy or
benefit by. They cannot disprove the fact
that they praatlcally classified the peon as a
bast of burden; that they transferred him
with real property as a chattel. Tho legal
documents did not quote the (term slavery,
but, when the courts Interpreted the phrase
used, it meant tha same thing.
There Is no reactionary argument that you
may follow out that will not ultimately run
Into the ground when It-hits the plain, bald
faet that the peon population of Mexico have
nyr had the slightest say in what was or
was not good for them, that they have sever
been allowed to assert oven their most priror
Itive Instincts toward seU-battament. it Is
assumed that they would prefer bull fights
and circuses to public education simply b-
s?.yj mv" v&r&m&ss&ii&iwmgifr, m
10. Mo; ,
WHETHER THERE WAS
A GOOD CITIZEN?
of Mexico's Population Need the
cause they havo been permitted to attend
such diversions when they could somehow
scrapo together tho prlco of admission. It has
been charged against them that their Idols
wero matadors or clowns, circus riders or
heroic vnqueros. In their utter childishness
nnd unmornllty they esteemed bandits abovo
statesmen, nnd followed a ragged drunken
liberator when they shunned a dictator In all
tho magnificence of foreign orders and gold
But has not the samo chargo been laid
against tho masses of many great nations
that ultimately obtained tho blessings of dem
ocratic Institutions? Surely tho British aris
tocracy said harsh things of our ingged an
cestors and tho uncouth savage demagogues
who led them against uniformed nnd armed,
If Illiterate, Hessians. Fault may bo found
with these similes en tho grounds of patriot
ism, but close reading of tho history of the
peoplo of tho United States will roveal a cen
tury of constant strugglo against reactionary
Influences and exponents of reactionary
thought, who said tho samo things concernlhg
tho unfitness of our proletariat for tho fran
chise that aro said today by tho reactionary
group that denounces tho possibility of tho
Mexican peon benefiting himself and his na
tion by exercising tho privilege of the ballot.
A Desperate Plight
The problem of how tho submerged SO per
cent, will bo raised to the point of citizenship
with well-defined constitutional sovereignty
will, of course, be n complex one. But if thero
Is to bo a reconstruction of tho Mexican Re
public this problem must bo faced squarely
and worked out with all tho humanitarian aid
this country can afford to give. Otherwise
there can bo no reconstruction toward prog
ress. The Diaz method was tried and met the
high approval of the reactionary landed gen
try. But the Iron heel of Diaz merely held
down tho lid on a cauldron of seething dis
content. Tho low-down Illiterate peon had
found a ray of light notwithstanding tho
stern effort of government to submerge him
In tho darkness of Ignorance. He may havo
had only formless opinions of a bettor state
and ho may still have formless opinions of a
better state. However vague, it cannot be
worse than his present state. Whatever the
depths of his Illiteracy ho resembles the hu
man kind In that ho possesses definite Im
pulses for good that are sure, under favor
nblo guidance, to domlnato tho Impulses
toward ovll actions. Furthermore, It Is axjo
matlc that it he Is raised to tho dignity of
being allowed a voice In tho matter he Is go
ing to strive harder for self-betterment than
he would under the lash and scourge of the
old order of things.
The great task before this Government
will bo to shape a posltlvo, uncompromising
course and provide the means for this guid
ance. In tho desperate plight of Mexico thero
must be a get-together of all classes on the
basis of self-preservation. Thero will be de
lays and Impediments, vain threats and
stormy complaints. Selfish Interests, which
Include the various groups that control great
Investments and Immensely valuable prop
erties, will be compelled to yield from their
old stand and accept some losses In the In
terest of humanity. Thero must be som
unselfish Investment for posterity In the early
reconstruction Btages. The United States Gov
ernment Is strong enough to compel this Issue
without yielding In the slightest degree on
the essential principle that the peon cannot
De boio, oacK jnio pondage and enforced il
A BETTER UNDERSTANDING
To tha Editor of Evening Ledger:
Blr I read with interest your nhlo oriitn.i.t
entitled "Preparedness. Not MUJt.ri,m "which
MM..a TeM t0 n,y 'etter June 1. Thedls
tlnotlon between "preparedness" and "milltarl
if"1 ,'!' hwever- ntlmes dlmoult to diE
nXtbt T.ht SS? rf
elusions by pleadlngnot that la I partl.s "CdS
be highly armed, but only that w "ihi u
so armed ourselves. But. obvlouliv .i
every nation is free to adopt the ilml .i?!10
Phy. the result Is the tame ai ilfiS nS0'
tlon of the conclu,len had been made." ""
Instead of urging better arms, woum u .
be better to urge a better uafl.S!!?i U ?ot
tweca nattoasT Um Tali FtlKSTS rf..U"
and if each nation lnsi,t, 1R,J
armament lor it own "defense" wiS.?
have a repetition of the present f0'
years hence? The old machin. 5 ...
disputes has proved defecUve wh? L J?1,""
attempt to discover a better Uat
The afrxMiMa Luuia'. i. ..,.
commendable end 'rST.rKr Kf. V '
: -i -l
" IS aid tit.it ...,,., ..
DANGER OR NOT
country plunged Into any war, yet I feel that
it mora constructive thought wero given to the
whole question of settling International differ m
1 t .. .I.m ...net ctvinM. In l(,.ln .... fl
Oncoc, aim jusb muu ww oycuv ,i uifeiiib uaner
nnd more deadly means of destruction wi
should accomplish tho desired results more 48
niilclilv nnd moro permanently Armies endwel
navies will probably romaln extant until tht
iii.ul..n. n..AM If nr.it. 4n ..nmnnl vavmam. vm H
IT1U1UIII11UIII, uvvit . v,.j w ......,. iMtvuuf
the decisions of tho future International Su
nrcma Court: but why not urgo the thoucht
that both these arms of our Government Uj
used to consolidate natlohnl relations ln.teadj
or Ueing EO mucil Jiuiuuuiui iur putciy qb
GKOUGn IICBMAN BORST.
rhlladolphla. June 7.
PHIPPS INSTITUTE NURSES
To tho Editor of Evening Ledger!
Sir The following Is an open letter to Dr. J.
ir.,.lnt. h..n nHvplv nnrrntrpil In tilir.n In'
Philadelphia prior to 1895, and being In earneit
Bvmnnthv w th tno nunii nurses or toaay 1 na
read with great Interest your letter In today! s;
paper respecting the complaints maae ojr t
few nurses chiefly through the newspaper-ct
tho Henry Phlpps Instftuto."
You say: "Kvery dotnll has been gdne Into, $
Including each circumstance mat coma anett
not only tho health but the comfort of the
mirana TllA 1 tl VHSt I (Nit lot! WAS mftdi
Independently by three separate Individuals wlS
resenting different points of view. As n result, j9
It was found that not ono of tho statementi
of the complainants ns to exposuro to contagion,
overwork, tho Improper use of tuberculous em
ployes, etc., etc., had any foundation In fact."
Then, lest "those of your fellow citizens who
mnv linvn utn thh nccus.itlons should nosslblr
rcmnln In Ignoranco of tho underlying fact,"'B
you nn mo major jjuruuu ui juui n
with nralses of tho Phlpps Institute, reciting Its
cost to Its nonresident founder. Its special func.1
llrtr. tVin rrmrflrt.r nf Itn nntlvltlfis. Its WGrld''
wide celebrity, tho co-oporatlon of outside ex-':
rA-tn .hA o-tAArn In wliiph Itn nuhllcatlons an
held, the glory which its location here reflectisB
upon our city, nnd the unsolllsli devotion 01 iti
management to tho objects of the institute.
May I ask .'
(1) What have theso "underlying facts" to do
with tho question whether the nurses' cora'"i
plaints aro woll founded7 ,'
(2) Why do you conceal tho names and the;
nrnionsinnai connections 01 your imco ccio,
arato Individuals representing different polntrjM
of view"? JH
(3) What volco had the complaining nurses M
tho selection of theso "three separate inaiva
uals" who rendered verdict ngalnst them?
T rnnslnr It Inadvisable and unjust to U0'
Ject young women, physically Immature, to thel
dangers of Inrectlon in nny institution, no;
ever well conducted. General hospitals do not
accent natlenta with Infectious diseases.
Let tho graduate nurso take tho risk and pTr
U. t"s Viv k.wiIma Tlnnlt mirCAa orn nflt Tlftlfl. J (
HC. IUI HIO OC1VSV.C. A Ull HUu-u " w " L " A
ALICE M. NORTON. ?W
Philadelphia, Juno 7.
Forsaken by his company
Tonight another boy must die.
And with him dies his art long-planned, 'm
For which the ages shaped his nana.
And with him falls the godlike brain,
For which the aeons tolled in vain.
And with him many a secret dies.
And many a sweet divine surprise.
But, oh, In him when night shall fall
Roma broken haart will lose her all!
Edward Shlllito. 'in Scrlbnerfc 3
B. F. KEITH'S THEATRE
CHESTNUT AND TWELFTH BTHEBTB
CRlUTWa A. REAL SENSATlOtfl
"THE MAN WHO OnOWB'1 IASKY'B "THE nEO
HEADS"; BUnTON HOLMES TRAVELBTTOI
ni iTTktvtfviiif a 1 ktn AmiTiroa r
vi4Vu bunninuiiAM ahu umww
. - . .. . .. 1VTI P
h'ClH.KIV.Sl' ' ' 'A Y "" .?"" M
VAWAW-I.. -.1. WAAJ. ... BUJ)
This Week Only. Twice Daily. AH Bt ii
Natural Color Life-tin Motion FicturM
Stl" FIGHTING FORCES SW
Troop Bubmarlnes Torpedo Battle'WS
Urteit Motion flctur Ever Known
THE MARKET ST. ABOVE 18TH M
m 1 PICTUBEH
Slror enr " a. m. to niis p m.
"THE DAWN OF A TOMORROW"!
CHILDREN'S PROGRAM EVERY SAT.. 10 A UM
i . . -
""I A TYTGT Id. iKn ..
VjAKUIUIV -M A. M u P.
2D WEEK ANOTHER BENSATION
THE JAMES BARNES EXPEDITION
ilott Von&erlul ol Mallon ricturet
THRO CENTRAL AFRICA i
o ieCTurw uauy. unuai umn niPiurai '. f
A B'C A D I
VA.Oa...U 0CIQW Jem Ol.
10 A. M. to 11. SO P. M . ,.
William Farnum in "The Plunderer
RR f A "H "aET-nicH-quicK
All Tfclm WmIt R.tnti1,v statin
23d Huocwful Shms of PbllopatrUn PUW . JB
MntBtat na State trciloo of Jm J B,fjtt
MARKET AND JUNIPER
PHOTOPLAYS 1 J TO 11 I
10, 18. S90 ,-
&?? "FINE FEATHERS'
B4UdUHru WILD LIMS" PICTURBS
THBKRBSCOTT3, BILL TU?j
BURKE. GI.lniNQ O'UEA
2. 1ST A O IntlWItK tlAUUTl A FRI
.R. LEROY k. DAV18. LAUGHING PICTt
NRWwnnnRinR patjv twtcaTR
fflTw.s'iVThe Red Petticoat!!!
CROSS KEYS f,1" I fcV"ft,N,?,i,l
T A TTTNT711TTT TT Tl rt SHORT
v a u usu v iiiL i ?u ;,ir,ruf
a -'IHAWVSf'i-'lIM H
r 'TiVfcf.lifl (UocrsJIr.sJV 19
JJI i 1