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s PUHLtG LEDGER COMPANY
CTnUS II. K. CURTIS, PaiaioasT.
Oiatlfa II. UMInton.Vlce-Prl)fnt j John C. Martin,
mgcrrtntT and Trusureri Philip B. Colllna, John D.
i r, KDITOUIAI.nOAnDI
Cue 11. k. crutu, cn&irmin.
P. It. WIIALET . .......... ... . .Executive Editor
JOHN CJ. MAIITIN. 1 .General nualneaa Manager
rubllhed daily at Ttsuo Lttxmi Bultdlnr,
Independknce Square, Philadelphia.
tmn Casmut, .Broad nnd Cheatnul Streets
Altaxtio Citi rrtti-Vnlon Bulldlm
Ns ToK 170-A. Metropolitan Tower
CntciRO 81T Homo Insurance Bulldln
bOKMtf ... .. 8 Waterloo riac. Tall Mall, S. W.
NEWB BUUEAUS ! ,. ,
Wjihunotok noauo The rot MiiJMjn
Nw Tome BoatAtt.... The jrimM Hulldln
DnllN McaiAU -no FrlelrlehstreaM
Unnn Btiaitu... s.r" M?" '',?,J? WJ
PAita JBCBsau 32 lluo Louis lo Orartd
Br enrrfcr. Dailt 0t.r, fix cent". By mall, postpaid
eutald -of Thlladelphla. except where fnrrlRn poetara
fa required, Dailt OM.t, one month, twentv-nvo cental
DAitT OufcT. one year, three dollar. All mall ub
acriptkma parable In advance
BEU, 3000 WALNUT KEVSIOME. MAIN .1000
XT Addnt) oil communication! to Kvtnlna
ttdgtr, Jndeptndence Square, rhltadtlpMa-
XMTatfcDAT iDrmt.ADri.ritiA roaTorrict as recqkd
' CLASS MAIL XATTtn.
FIIILADELPHIA, MONDAY, Al'IIIL 26. 191S.
The man afraid to lorrow to loom M. oM.il-
ncss lacks the courage nccasarv
i J5i to iWh success.
Shifting Back to Prosperity
THE clouds of bUBlncsa depression havo
begun to lift. Tho causa obviously is
heavy European buying. Tho stool trade,
which Is a basic American Industry, has
been vitalized by order. So, too, prac
tically all crops, except cotton, havo brought
a good price. Moreover, thorn Is a feeling
of confidence that following n. declaration
ot peace thero will bo even larger demands
on this country from Europe, enough to
Keep our factories on full timo for many
Depression has noti vanished entirely. But
it has receded far, and optimism is tho key
note. It always paysjto bo a bull on Amer
ica, for tho nation's business Is funda
mentally sound. , It is a period of adjust
ment, as tho whole fabric ot business has
been influenced by tho war, but it is an
adjustment that carries prosperity with It.
Tho effects of a low tariff havo been
minimized for many' months, and tho coun
try has responded. Even tho calamity
howlers havo to glvo up tho shouting and
get to work. That In itself in a very
The League of Good Citizens
THE brilliant success of the campaign for
a, greater Chamber oflCommerco is to bo
followed by a campaign, which Is bound to
be equally successful, for a greater City
Tho club Is understood to be, not an or
ganization primarily for tho social enjoy
ment of Its members, though nmplo pro
' visions are to bo mado for that, but It Is
to do for the uplift of tho community what
the Union League Club did for tho preserva
tion of tho Union when It was founded.
That famous organization was created as
a league of men devoted to tho preserva
tion of tho united nation at a timo when its
existence was threatened. Tho City Club
does and will stand for high ideals In
all tho activities of a great city, commercial
and charltablo as well as political. It is a
league of good citizens formed for tho pres
ervation ot tho city.
It is Intended to securo a membership of
1500 at this time: but thero aro moro than
1B0O voters hero who aro in sympathy with
its purposes. If tho management goes about
its work in a spirit of broad tolerance,
ready to wolcomo all woll-meaiilng voters,
it will find that the limit of membership
will havo to be raised from tlmo to time.
This has been tho experience of tho Boston
City Club, one of tho largest and most suc
cessful in tho country, which has had a
waiting list from tho beginning, and at times
as many as 500 names havo been on it. Its
total membership now is about 6000.
The Cigar Clerk and the Jitney
' I hope they won't do anything to break
I tip the Jitney business. It is a flno thing
fnr nennlA lo arflt out !n tlift frqh nip nn
Sunday afternoon. Remark of a cxay-
halred-clerk in a Broad street cigar store
BY "THEY" this man meant those powers
which aro in the habit of Interfering with
all activities vhich In any way affect tho
profit from their business. You cannot put
your hand on this man or that man and suy
that ha is one of "them," hut that does not
remove the impression that thero is an In
visible power somowhere, usually described
Indefinitely, as "they" as the Greeks, to
escape the resentment of their demons, called
the Furies, tho "Well Wishers." And tho
cigar Btoro clerk was putting In words tho
thought that was In tho back of tho head nf
many a man who took his family Jitneying
yesterday afternoon. The people went out
while they could, for they did not know how
long the prlvilego ot a cheap ride would
It is too flno a thing to bo strangled by any
Insidious power. And it will not bo driven
out of, business If the responsible men en-
gagedifln it use their Influence to protect it.
'HiltiS'd.ozen vicious Jitney drivers can do
more harm to the new enterprise than can be
counteracted by the efforts of all tho decent
men, Sunday afternoon Jitneying is a re
spectable amusement It has been welcomed
in this city where there are few ways In
which to get pleasure on the first day of the
wek, and It must be allowed to develop as
the demand for it grows.
National Security Requires a Great Navy
THIS is the richest nation in the -world.
There Is none that approaches It In nat
ural resources and none probably in the
value of Its humm assets. It has been
acarred by but few wars. It has been able
to grow 'with, little impediment. It baa as-
lt1itA ttA AiitnAiiHnim nt nil tifatlnnn ntlil
it$i...1jfjt t.m fntn n nAiv nnttnnnlltv tlBttnrrt
,v uwW" . ...w .... ......w. ..,,, .....,.
(rr itself. Out of dissimilar elements It has
created a new race of men, who In their
turn have multiplied wealth, and built ma
terial evidences of prosperity such as no
other nation ever witnessed.
It (a folly to assume that envy has not
bn aroused. Our increasing trade engen
4srx new animosities. The International
Yi-wjint Is 'a novel thing in the United
SWatf. For mora than a hundred years we
fca been a comer of the world unto our
m)tm, Today our international relations
tHV U9 the moat important neutral factor
i7 tK wv(H. ur Interests are Insolxad in
wrla involution and wu. HmU ( seri
tfiAK fBpmpHmH'TrtT appear daily in the news.
TIM WaFMI ft ob a ter.sion The vDjflkaUon
mt w tlgjhi.it (a a. continuous tajsk tor tbe
and-death struggle rendera the fcelllgerenta
more and more presumptuous in their treat
ment of neutrals.
It will be a miracle It tho United States
Is xnot required before this war Is over to
putf Its foot down firmly and declare! Bo
far and no farther. When that tlmo comes,
this Government must control so great a
force that no nation will tamper with our
rights. Already tho war has demonstrated
that a great navy Is a guaranteo of security
at homo and weight of argument abroad. It
is madness, therefore, not to provide a navy
commensurato with tho enormous Interests
of tho nation, a navy of bucIi preponderant
power that our voice for peace will bo do
termlnativo In council.
Tho political party that stands squarely
for a big navy, without subterfuge or de
ception, is tho party that will win in tho
next national elections. The nation needs
two kinds of protection.
Put the "Ot-llicre" In Philadelphia
TttEttE IS but tmo way in which to get
rapid transit, nnd that is to vote for It.
It means much to tho averago citizen to be
put many minutes closer to hla business nnd
many minutes closer to hla dinner. It means
much to htm, too, to bo relieved of bmdon
sotno c.xchango tickets' and of dotiblo charges.
From any part of tho city to any other
part of tho city for G cents In what rapid
transit means, for tho kind ot transit it Is
proposed to havo is not only rapid, but Is
Rapid transit, however, means moro to tho
city ns a wholo than it doo.f to any individual.
Quick linen of communication mado great
cities possible. Tho growth of cltlos has
paralleled their railway facilities. Tho
greatest era of urban dovolopmont followed
tho introduction of electrlo cars. They made
tho intricate city llfo of today possible. It
may ho stated as a general proposition that
superior transit facllltlcn aro a prerequisite
to metropolitan achievement.
Moro important than any other Improve
ment planned or contemplated in Philadel
phia In rapid transit. It promisofl now
arteries, a now system of circulation. It
means a closo union botwern centre and cir
cumference a vast Increase of "homo" ter
ritory, a now impulse to tho city's growth
and development, an asset on whloh posterity
can rely In expanding the city and intensify
ing its prosperity.
Don't bo a pullback. Don't bo a non-voting
mollycoddle, too bUBy to give a few minutes
of your tlmo to Philadelphia. Not to voto
for tho loan is to bo against It.
Bo a booster who supplements his Up serv
ico with notlvo work.
Voto for the rapid transit loan.
"nehabilitatinR" Ships From tho Sea
AFTER long and serious consideration tho
Xi. Interstate Commerce Commission has
decided that tho Southern Pacific Railroad
Company may operato tho vessels of the
Pacific Mail Steamship Company so long as
it does not send them through tho Panama
But of what benefit Is tho decision? Tho
Paclllo Mall Company hos announced that It
will go out of tho shipping business In No
vember becauso of tho burdens and restric
tions of tho new shipping net passed nom
inally to securo greater safety for passen
gers and greater comfort for American sea
men. Its effect, however, will bo to abolish
American ships and American seamen un
less all signa fall. Robert Dollar, one of our
largest shipowners, says that ho will havo
to seek Chinese registry for his vessels en
gaged in the Pacific trado becauso ho cannot
continue to do business under American reg
istry. And tho Pacific Mall plans to go out
of business entirely.
This is the way the merchant marine
is being rehabilitated by tho party which
has for more than a generation been blam
ing tho Republicans for destroying It by
Kickinjr a Man When He is Down
ELECTION frauds were not tho only
crimes of tho rulers of Terre Haute, now
serving sentenco in tho Federal prison at
Leavenworth. Tho City Council has for
mally dismissed ftom offlro Mayor Roberts,
who went to prison a few days ago, and tho
offonses chnrged against him woro drawing
warrants on tho City Treasury to pay attor
neys engaged in pi lvato litigation, attempting
to bribe Councllmen to voto for ordinances
which ho wanted to havo passed, caus
ing tho arrest of citizens on trivial charges
and refusing to nllow them to bo released
on ball. And, finally, becauso of conviction
in tho election case.
Tho last reason was enough to Justify the
removal of the Mayor from oflh-e; but It is a
Bign of a wholesomo public sentiment In tho
community when It demands that additional
and obvious reasons be given which had not
been considered by the courts. Kicking a
man when he Is down Is seldom Justifiable.
But no ono will hold It up against the
Terre Hauto Council.
Rome hears that the war will soon be
over, but It appears that for Rome It has
not yet begun
Speaking of the Clay case, as a gentleman
remarked on the subway, lucky aro they who
get a second trial.
Instead of being mistress of the seas, the
English fleet seems to be the mystery of the
eeas. Where la It?
The new guns for the defense of Manila
will shoot 13 miles, and the cost will be
MOO a shot. Practice makes taxes.
The Rlggs Bank contest Indicates that
there is too much personality and too little
law in somo departments of the Government.
Doctor Dernburg is still paying tribute to
the mastery of tho British navy by demand
ing an International guarantee of tho free,
dom of the seas.
An American naval avlatpr has attained
a height ot 10,000 feet In a hydroplane,
breaking all records. His craft, however,
waa unencumbered with bombs.
Those scientists at odds about the nature
of the earth's core should call in the In
ventor of the hollow globe theory to prove
to them that "there ain't no core."
Aldermen In St Louis are not like Coun
cil mtn in Philadelphia fine of the Mis
souri gentlemen, for instance, has pleaded
guilty to forgery In the first degree. No
Philadelphia Councilman baa over done any-
OTHlimia3Da3PTI15 BHWBTPSer" tffKBCT 26. ffOtEfr:
A Psychic Mannikin With a Dainty
Little- Sword Who Keeps tho Buga
boos Away The Antiquity of
By WAKREN BARTON BLAKE
THIS evening I read for nn hour In n vol
ume of Dr. J. G. Frazcr'n wonderful gar
nlson of folklore, which ho calls "Tho Golden
Bough." Thcro I find nccountB of many nav
ago concepts of what sleep meant?, and
death; and of how ono may pass over from
ono slato Into tho other only too simply. It
It a delightful occupation, rending "Tho
Golden Bough," nntl I much prefer It to Doc
tor lladwcn'H accounts of ghoBt dreams nnd
their eclcntlllo explanation, and what tho
Greeks thought of them, and tho Romans,
I wonder It mon ot old didn't, for that
mnttcr, dream moro than wc or oven tho
Greeks? Today, In our locked houses, wo aro
still comforted or tortured by drcnmtravols;
refreshed or wearied according to our luck.
But how much moro powerful Is Naturo In
nights spent out of doors: nfiold, on sleep
ing porch, under tho trees!
Father of Iho Ohiils nnd .Tins
Tho nightmare, too, Is respeetnblo In Its
antiquity, nnd treatises on it, written in tho
dead languages, havo t'omo down to us from
ntithorg born 2C00 years bcfnro tho authors
of tho latest dieain books. Colitis Aurelniius,
who laid down tho medical law to tho first
century, tells us on tho authority of Slll
machus, follower of Hippocrates, who lived
COO years beforo Christ, that tho nightmans
was onco epidemic lit Rome, nntl that great
numbers of persons In tho city died thereof.
Nowadays wo complain, waking, ot "a
weight on tho chest"; then it was succinctly
called tho "incubus." And it Is nil tho same
ns tho bogoy man of our own childhood, I
suppose: and learnrd doctors say that tho
bogey man gavo birth to tho ghuls and JIns
of nil tho African peoples.
Nightmare, says Doctor Iladwen, Is a horso
of another color from plain dreaming. It is
a stato between waking and dreaming a
semi-consciousness. Tlio grown men who
suffer from it aro, In general, Indoor woikcrs
often men of letters. And wo nil havo
blamed somo ot theso bad dreams on tin
wholesomo or lndigestiblo or unwisely con
sumed dinners nnd suppers. Nover wcro
nightmares so rife at in tho hcydcy of tho
chafing dish Welsh rabbit. If a persistent
hostess obliges you to eat Welsh rabbit when
you know you shouldn't do It, insist upon
washing It down with a tenspoonful of soda
bicarbonate in a cup of hot water pepper
mint water, say somo. But all dreams nro
not bad dreams. What Is any dream at all?
Bcrgson sums it up very briefly in the two
essavs which fiomn ono has mado over Into
nn English book:
A dream Is this. I petcelve objects nnd
thcro is nothing there. I see men: I seem
to speak to them, and I hear what they
answer: thcro Is no ono thero and I havo
not spoken. It is nil as it real things nnd
real persons wero thoie, thon on waking all
has disappeared, both persons and things.
How does this happen?
Hero wo havo tho question reduced to Its
simplest terms, nnd by a master of puro
Narrow-minded Alarm Clocks
Nothing of Just theso matters Is discussed
by Doctor Frnzcr, to bo sure and his Is tho
book that I'vo born rending. And os a
traveler I hopo some day to fare to tltoso far
off, prlmltlvo places ho writes of In his "Gol
don Bough," where tho indigenous population
most thoughtfully refrained from wakening
tho sltepcr "becauso his soul is away and
might not havo tlmo to get back; so it tho
man wakened without his soul, ho would
fall sick." Tho thought of nover boing
wakened there, cither by an uncharitable
household or tho unmusical alarums of an
Insistent, narrow-minded alarm clock mado
of nickel and tin, fills my heart with Joy in
Yet even that Joy has Its totrors for on
another page I read that tho sick man's noso
and other natural apertuiea aro secured with
fishhooks "so that if his soul should seok to
escapo it may bo hooked and held fast," And
nothing can ever lnduco mo to sot foot on tho
Malay Peninsula, whero tho nrt of abduct
ing souls and abusing them generally has
been carried to a pitch of diabolical clever
ness that favorably compares with anything
civilization enn show. In tho United Stales,
I find, my soul is fairly snfo except in
waking hours. I touch wood, of course, now
that I havo risked to rash a statement; but
you seo my soul has always roturncd to mo
in fairly sound condition from nil Ita Joy
rldcs up to tonight.
The Souls of Savages
Up to tonight! I havo said it. For I don't
feel like trusting myself to sleep tonight.
Probably I havo read too long in Doctor
Frazer's book about tho fouIb of savages. Bo
fore I can dream anything but nightmares,
I shall havo to reopen M. Bergson'n book, to
NATIONAL DEFENSE" IN 1812
THE present lack of adequatn preparations for
national defense Is real enough, but it Is no
new thing. This country seoms to havo a habit
ot being In such a condition. We all know how
grossly unprepared It was In 1812, for tho war
of its own declaring, toward which it had been
expectantly looking for years; eo that It was
unable to protect Its own national capital
against a handful of invaders. We can remem
ber, too, tho fine blue funk in which so many,
of the dwellers on the Atlantic coast were for a
time in tho late Spanish war. But those circum
stances were characteristic. Back in 1793, only
10 years after the conclusion of the Revolution
ary War, wo had let some of our most Import
ant defenses fall Into almost hopeless disrepair.
There has recently been made publlo the text
of an old letter written to Govornor Clinton, of
New York, 1793, by Sebastian Baumann, a colo
nel of Now York artillery, upon this subject.
Apparently It was not the first time ho had
written, either, for he began It with a reminder
that he had written before to the Governor
about the same matter, "The carriages of the
brass Held artillery," he said, "are much out
ot order, and unfit for service unless they have
a thorough repair. These carriages have been
in use throughout the late war and exposed to
the weather, which has caused the wood to be
spongy and rotten. The horses' harness want
overhauling, such as oiling and stitching."
The lack of ammunition, whloh is so serious
a feature of the present situation, existed at
that time, aluo "We have." wrote Baumann,
"no cannon powder In the majaime, and as
the State U frequently called upon to return
that point of honor wbUh foreign nation par
IN ,THE SPRING j
.vlWftt lii,.&t i. ii. ' JWH ill Vi imll in II In lmwWJ&sZ?5s6C&itsJf l --s m
Mrmi.i,hrrui.ii..:iji'i ' yjzn -j . ., MS)?jxutiU" i'iutaaasrfsg3?ggifflsg3-gggfent i s
socle reassurance In Its polished periods. True,
M. Bcrgson 13 as fond a bellcvor In tho "oc
cult" as any of your savages; In accepting
tho ptestdency of tho Society for Psychical
Research "I am led to bellevo In telepathy"
(ho said) "Just as I believe In tho defeat of
tho Invlnclblo Armada." But I nm calmed
when I find M. Bergson's droamlng ego em
ploying words ns neatly Joined, as magically
persuasive a3 tho awakened Bergson's lec
tures beforo tho students nnd Idlers and fair
women who crowded tho benches In his Col
lego do France, in days beforo tho war.
Tho savngo thinks that If nn animal lives
nnd moves (writes Doctor Frazer, ot Liver
pool nnd Cambrldgo who wns knighted Just
beforo tho war) it can only bo becauso thero
is a llttlo animal lnstdo which moves it. If
a mnn lives and moves, it can only bo be
causo ho has a little man lnsldo who movea
and steers him through life. That mnnnlkin
stecrsmnn with an instdo seat is tho soul.
And tho Nootkas, of British Columbia, go
further than this; they are sure that tho soul
Is mado In tho imago of the man whom it
animates; that its seat Is tho crown of tho
head; that so long ns it stands upright Its
owner is hnlo and hearty; that tho moment it
loses its balance its owner loses his wits.
Now, there is no moro danger of M. Berg
son's psychic llttlo man ever losing his bal
ance than thero is of M. Bergson's physical
llttlo fingers tracing across tho pago sen
tences that mako bad style. It in a flno
mannikin, M. Bergson's, nnd when It walks
out of an evening to enjoy Itself dreaming
It walks erect and decorous, quite resolved
not to assoclato with tho shocking mnnnlklns
of Dr. Slgnntnd Freud and his unhappy
M. Bergson's mnnnikln is slight ami rather
dapper; it swings a light cano with tho most
debonair manner imaginable In tho case of
a philosopher's dreaming ego. I am no scholar
myself; I pretend to no deep knowledge of
Bcrgson and psychology; thoreforo it la pos
slblo that my last statement Is inexact. On
reflection, I withdraw the remark about the
swagger little cane. M. Bergson's dreaming
ego wears tho green uniform and palms ot
tho Academic Francaise du Revo Droit: at its
sido thero hangs a dainty llttlo sword, tren
chant for Us size, and wiped dry of Ink
except when actually in uso. M. Bergson's
dreaming ego Is French from tho penk of its
cocked "hat to tho tips of its pointed llttlo
toes; Its walk is springy, and Its eyes nm
bright, and its profile birdlike a highly
civilized onRlpt. Yet courteous ah, in tho
Thanks to M. Bergson, I can sleep now
without dreaming of tho Bagabos of tho Phil
ippine Islands, and Arlstens of Proconnesus
whoso bouI somo bno saw Issuing from his
mouth In tho form of a raven. Didn't you
over read about him In Pliny's "Natural
0 THE SOUL'S PATH
There Is no short cut, no patent tram road
to wisdom. After all tho centuries of invention,
tho soul's path lies through tho thorny wilder
ness which must still bo trodden in solltudo,
ulth bleeding feet, with tobs for help, ns it was
trodden by them of old time. George Kllot
be amiss to have some powder in store for that
purpose, as well as for any other occasion. What
such "other occasion" might bo was directly sug.
gested. "It would not be improper," he wrote,
"to remind your Excellency here that our port is
tho first In the Union, moat conspicuous abroad
and most frequented by foreign nations on ac
count of its safe and easy access, particularly In
the winter season. Yet the port of New York,
with all these advantages, is the most defense
lees, and cannot afford any shelter to a vessel
which misfortune of war may cause to fly fclther
for protection. Nay, a ship of war may capture
another In the very port. These Ideas I sug
gested some time ago to the Surveyor General
ot the State, and from the present complexion
of things In Europe they may noon be' verified.
Thus situated, would it not be advisable to ap
ply to Congress for a few Iron lS-pounders, ot
which there are a number at West Point of no
use, and have them advantageously placed
here to prevent any undue encroachment?"
It will not escape observation that the state
of unreadiness for defense which then prevailed
did not, as some In these days affect to think it
infallibly must, prove a preventive against war,
On the contrary, in spite of our unpreparedness)
we speedily drifted into war with France.
Colonel Sebastian Baumann, who probably was
denounced by some ultra-pacifists of those days
aa a jingo, a militarist and what not, was a
close comrade ot Washington all through the
Revolution. He was a preceptor of Alexander
Hamilton In artillery practice and' he was Post
master ai New York and Postmaster Ganjyjali
Itis iciiur au oeen maae puoiiu ur t
grawteon. George A. JBrenaaa, p4wdtt 'tfca-
i I.. ... i ip ! i i ii i I. i n hi ii.ii ..a -. i !! ! na
iT.flrfl ini II litiluw in i III SJt 1 a Sm
BEST THOUGHT IN AMERICA
DIGEST OF THE MAGAZINES
(1) Collier's "Bryan Democracy's Goat."
(2) Delineator "Mother Jones."
(3) Metropolitan "In tho Great Cause
tho Story of a Pioneer."
(4) Musical America "Mephlsto'a Mu
sings." CURRENT PERSONALITIES
VKItYBODY llko everybody else! This
irtually tho slogan of civilization
away from individualism nnd toward a stand
ardized "sameness." It pours our young
population through a mold of schooling nnd
training, which turns them out pruned and
pared, as nearly allko as It is possible to
mako them. In splto of our acceptance of
this modo of life, wo persist In setting up
ns 'heroes tltoso stalwart individuals who dog
gedly stick to their own notions and refuse
to allow their individuality to bo expurgated.
Tho qualification for a coast-to-coast fame
often lies in merely being "different." Wit
ness the steadily growing fame ot Bernard
Shaw and "Billy" Sunday, whoso only ro
semblanco la in their initials.
Sometimes, however, with characteristic
Inconsistency, tho being "different" becomes
a transgression rather than an attraction,
ns, for Instance, in tho caso of tho Demo
cratic Administration officials In Washing
ton After lfi i cars ot uninterrupted Re
publicanism, Washington society had become
qulto acclimated. Criticism of Democratic
variability Is concentrated upon tho head of
"Bryan, Democracy's Goat," according to
Gcorgo Fitch, who writes amusingly in Col-
Arcat'many Washingtoninns have Prj
disproving : or Bryan until any llttlo thing ha
may do causes them tho most exquisite pan
The Chautauqua incident was discussed all over
the countiy. in Washington it became a brood
ing honor. A lot ot Washington people had never
hcanl of Chautnuquaa until iW '"
Secretary Bryan wns frequenting them. Then
they tried to read up on the thing in Gaborlau s
I brary of crimes. It wasn't tho awfulness of
tho deed which shocked Washington. It was the.
ack of dignity. No Secretary of State had
over "chautaulkcd" before. It hadn't been dona
nt all. It was Impossible to conceive. Tho small
ncss ot tho salary was no excuse. Knox and
Bacon and Hay couldn't llvo on their salaries
either, but nobody saw them running around
tho country cNhlhltlng In n tent. And besides,
any tmo who spends that much money Is ex
trnvacant. Nothing contributed more to the
populnilty of economy In Washington In Mil
than tho fact that Bryan couldn't llvo on J12.0W
a year. It was almost Impossible for somo to
find a Republican Congressman who would com
plain about his little old $7M0 and mileage to
' Still! Secretary Bryan could llvo on J:000 n year
and b'cro his state dlnnors III a beer tunnel
without coming any nearer to suiting his Wash
ington critics. It Is a hopeless caso with him.
Ha Just naturally doesn't suit. Ho wears his
hair wrong. No Secretary, of State has ever
worn so much hair in tho same placo. Hla
clothes nro out of focus. His ehapo Is obooleto
and annoying Ho Is said to perspire In hot
weather. Kmlnent visitors from other coun
tries have caught him using a palm leaf fan.
Ha wears slippers at home, John Hay never
did thls-or if he did, ho net a guard around the
house, nnd kept his shame to himself.
"Mother Jones," for 25 years a conspicuous
figure oa a labor; leader, stepped Into even
wider fama this spring, when she met young
Rockefeller during the hearings of tho Fed
eral Industrial Commission In New York,
and afterward was Invited to call on Rocke
feller at his office, a call which lasted for
two hours. She is described by a man who
knows her personally, Peter Mlchelson, in
the Delineator (2):
Mother Jones la now S3 years old. According
to one's point of view, sho Is a reckless labor
agitator who has stimulated violence In mine
llelds all over the United States or she is the
far-seeing organizer of miners' unions, their un
daunted champion in time of trouble, the friend
nnd teacher of mine children nnd really
"Mother" Jones, with the emphasis on the
"I waa born In revolution," "Mother" Jones
says In her publlo speeches, and this is literally
true. Klghty-two years ago. Just when the Irish
oppressions were at their worst, Mary Harris
began llfo in a rough peasant's cottage In Cork,
Ireland. When she was 5 years old the family
emigrated to Canada, Mary was sent to echool
In Toronto, and later became a teacher In the
public schoolB, We next And her in Chicago, a
forewoman In a dressmaking establishment.
Here, in 1SG0, It was her lot to oversee the mak.
lug of tho dress which Mrs. Abraham Lincoln
wore at the inaugural. Then ahe married. Her
husband, Georgo Jones, itinerant blacksmith and
ironmolder, was identified with the Knights ot
Labor, first ot the industrial unions. They were
labor's early missionaries, wanderers from
choice, and aa they wandered, four children
wero born to them. Yellow fever in New Or
leans took her husband and children in one
week. Mary Jonea had lost her family, but
"Mother Jones adopted n their stead the
workers of America,
tin ono occasion Mother ' Jones went to
Washington to asa president sji-Kimey to par
don a striker who was serving a life sememe
4 don a striker who was serving a life sememe
in the California penitentiary tor blowing ud tho
railroad bridge at Bacranieato. With President
UoKtuley at the time were Chief JUitloa Mo.
'" ' ' ' .a
For two hours President McKlnley listened.
whllo his special train (ho was about in I...
on his summer vacation) wnlted. He pardoned
tho striker. As "Mother" Jones was leavinr
Secretary Alger asked, "Mother, will you pleii
for mo llko that when I got into trouble?" "Oh
when you get into trouble you won't need me!
Thero will bo 60 parasites to plead for you."
Tho President nnd tho Chlof Justice Joined la
tho laugh on tho Secretary of War.
Another woman pioneer, tho Rev. Anna
Howard Shaw, tho suffrago leader, w ho has
been writing her memoirs for tho Metro
politan (3), gives somo thrilling stories ot
pioneer experiences in tho Middle West:
To drive E0 or CO miles in a day to meet a
lecture engagement wns a frequent experience.
Onco during a BO-mllo drive, when the ther
mometer was 20 degrees below zero, I sud
denly realized that my face was freezing. I
opened my satchel, I took out tho tlssuo paper
that protected my best gown, and put the paper
over my face as n veil, tucking it lnsldo of my
bonnet. When I reached my destination, th
paper was n perfect mask, frozen stiff, and I
had to bo lifted from tho sleigh. I was due on
tho lecture platform in half an hour, so I drank
a huge bowl of ginger tea nnd appeared on time.
That night I went to bed expecting an attack
of pneumonia ns a result of tho exposure, but i
awoko next morning in superb condition. I pos
sessed what Is called an "Iron constitution," and
In those days I certainly needed it , ,..
That samo winter In Kansas I was chased if"
wolves, and though I had been more or leu
Intimately associated with wolves In my pioneer
llfo in Michigan, I found tho occasion extremely
unpleasant. During tho long winters of my
girlhood, wolves hnd frequently slunk around
our log cabin, nnd In the lumber camps we had
even heard them prowling on the roofs, But
those were very different creatures from th
two huge, starving, tireless animals that hour
after hour trailed behind the cutter In which I
sat with another woman, who through the
wholo experience never lost her head or her
control of our frantic horses. They were mad
with terror; for. try ns they would, they
could not outrun the grim things that trailed
us, seemingly not trying to gain on us, but
keeping always nt the same distance with a
patience that was horrible. From time to time
I turned to look nt them. They wero so new
that I could see their cjes and slavering Jaw
and they wero as noiseless as things in a dream.
At lost, llttlo by little, they began to gain on
us, and they were almost within striking dis
tance of the whip which was her only weapon,,
when we reached tha welcome outskirts of a
town nnd they fell back.
Art of Attracting Attention
Press agents' ruses for attracting attention
aro numerous and devious. Musical America
(4) tells an amusing story Illustrating the
resourcefulness of Henry Russell, for some
years manager of tho Boston Opera Com
pany: Duting tho lasf season in Boston, he displayed
tho genius of a Barnum. Business was not
head when ho was about to produco Monna van j
nn 01 getting iuaoierunuK iu tumo ".- - --. -a
pear in connection with its premiere. Be an a
nounced that Maeterlinck had mada a oet in" Sj
ho would come over to tho United States, w mv M
out being discovered, thus putting the enure m
Boston press on the qui vlve Reporters from m
every paper wero detailed to watcn me "" 3
era. All Kinds or good nntl annnuio i'v" -.
looked llko Maeterlinck, or who wero aupposea
to. wero trailed for days, much to tnelr as
tonlshment and disgust. Finally it was arranged
,i.n. .nn,Bhn,1i. wlm wnn mnrin Un tO 100K ua
""""- ""- ;..nm.r from j!
juacienwcK niiuum tew "' .-- - . .
Kurope and go to a email and seeded MW. ,a
about which the uosion reporter --""- -, ,-j
produced moro columns and Bt,n n0'rB,c?iU., k, 1
men .MaeieruncK in juhjij " ,". , m
was here. His denial waB denied. J308""" ; I
sure It had him. The agnation ""..
for days. The result was tnai w""' ",Mnot J
tain went up for Monna Vanna, you could not M
have squeezed an umDreua inio mo -The
house was packed!
TWO NAMES OMITTED
To lh Editor ot tht Eitnlna Lidgin . t0.
Sir-Will yqu permit me to call attention v
what seems to be an instance of ,"lnInS;
accuracy or uj peculiar jjim - . un
clopedla Brltannlca makes no mention Pj -Maltlnnd.
the English churchman, vrhq m ?
much by his essays to explode some of tiw f"
rent false statements about the c"3'0' J5
writings or so-cauea "ii "B". i, ffortfl
gradually Becoming iignter nu .. johnl
of scholars. Also, It Ignores Commodore ju
Barry, the doughty Jrlsn-Amen" . "'"".J.Jkj
Ine a column and a half to Captain Faur Joa J
J, FRANK ""'
Florence, N. J April 23.
,, mrirom nr.n TtfiYS
It once was the rule, In your youthtlme ao J
n.u.JW. .v far cone la N
That he wore bushy whiskers and stooped
hmhi m ,, . . hft taiUW!
A ....n .
Ann quavered a on in ""; '- mawa
But. oh. what a change has come over fj
kind I ,. bllnd
rn, ntv-x-nr' vnnnrntnr of now isn I " ,
Or halt or decrepit or whiskered-nay; P M
The elxty-year "kid" la the rule of omji j
There may be omo snow - --
trutb' , -, ry
Hut folks eay, 'Bome people grow aw
their youth." , -tIttM M
He'a carefully groomed, and has sira. j
He laului like a child, and he smllea W fl
He aatt and nobby and bus. "
To meet him. to be. in hii present. t '
taatead of December-, ha"? APfjJ ";
Xievalxty-year youngster U with ua W w
4 Stat. tb jKUfftfs w-
tna- Slajr-4i-atftnSHW PH- U waidA aa4
1 Van YlUitogm i39V,J1,