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EVENING LJ3DGEE PHlL'ADEliPSI MO&DXY, I&PEIU 26, 1915;
IN ROME INSISTS
IChfenge in Situation He-
ported to Have Developed
Following Conference of
Foreign Minister Son
nino With Von Buelow.
ROME, April 28.
Italy will not participate In the war.
!flr rtmalnlntr neutral. 8ho will win a
igreater vlctoryl than would be possible
wire she -to enter either one of the hoa-
This statement was made today by an
official of the Italian Government, who
requested that his name should not be
A kaleidoscopic change In the situation
has developed In the last 21 hours. N'o
stronger evidence of this fact thart the
foregoing statement could bo had. It
Camo from nn official who Is In clone
touch with Italian and forel(?n diplomats.
Important code dispatches were sent to
Berlin and Vienna early today by tho
German and Austrian Ambassador
These are believed to havo an important
bearing upon Italy's foreign relations, na
their transmission followed a conference
between Foreign Minister Sonnlno and
Prince von Buelow, the German Ambas
sador. This meeting took place at tho
Foreign Odlce last night, and at Its con
clusion Prince von Buelow hurried to the
Austrian Embassy, where Baron on
Machlo. the Austrian envoy, was await
The official who stated that Italy would
not emer the war said that a full state
ment if the International situation as In
volves Italy would be made by Slgnor
Sonnlno to Parliament when it convened
on May 12.
"This statement is expected to prove
most satisfactory to Italy," ho added.
"In view of what is now known It Is al
most inconceivable that Parliament
should take any stand In opposition to
that which would be recommended by the
It Is reported that tho Austrlans are
crying for war with Italy on the as
sumption that Germany's atd will Insure
success. Meantime, it Is known that the
Austrian Ambassador nas received in
audience, three times by tho Pope yester
day. Cardinal Gasparrl, tho Papal Secre
tary of State, was present on each
It Is understood now that the Pope,
In a final attempt to avert war between
Italy and Austria, Is secretly urging cer
tain territorial concessions upon Austria,
but does not, oven In the present circum
stances, find It possible to become an open
mediator between tho two countries.
LONDON, April 2i. The conclusion of
an agreement between the Triple En
tente and Italy Is momentarly expected
here. This will cover Italy's entrance
Into tho war and provide for her armed
Intervention at certain points, which will
previously have been agreed on.
Special dispatches say that It is nccept-
ed in diplomatic circles In Rome that
the Italian Government has reached Its
final decision to enter tho war, and la
simply awaiting the opportune moment
to announce Its decision. The Italian po
lice, it Is stated, are constantly arrest
ing German spies. Several disguised of
ficers have been reported as arrested
while attempting to mine a bridge across
the River Po, Steamships aro reported
bringing many refugees from Trieste.
GERMANS GAIN MORE
GROUND IN YPRES FIGHT
Continued from Page One
River are being: greatly strengthened
and a new Austro-Gerrrian drive 13
looked for at those points'.
GERMANS HAMMER BRITISH
THREE MILES FROM YPRES
French and Belgians Retake Lizcrne.
Kaiser Wins St. Julien.
LONDON, April 26.
Only three miles from Ypres, accord
ing to the official claims made in Berlin,
the German troops aro continuing their
tremendous attacks upon the allied
forces. By capturing the village of St.
Julien and a little strip of woodland be
tween Pllkem and St Julien they havo
straightened out their front between the
two towns. Here they are opposed by the
British troops, who have apparently
withstood the first fury of the German
attacks, the Canadian troops having In
flicted severe losses upon the Kaiser's
Northwest of Ypres, on the Ypres
Canal, the Germans are reported to have
suffered a severe reverse at the hands of
combined French and Belgian forces, tho
latter having captured the town of
LIzerne by a night attack and driven the
Germans back to the canal, most of them
having been forced to retire to the cast
The French artillery is pouring a rain
of shells upon the canal in an effort to
destroy the pontoon bridges thrown
across it between Steenstraate and Het
Fighting Is In progress along the 65
tnlle front extending from the North Sea
to the south line of Lille. The Germans
are also making determined attacks in
the region of La Baasee, but there their
assaults failed to gain the success that
marked their first drive against Ypres.
BRITISH REPULSE ATTACKS
NORTHEAST OF YPRES LINE
Paris Officially Reports Check of .Ger
mans Near Passchendaele.
PARIS, April 2a.
Repulse of two German attacks fy
British troops northwest of Ypres is an
nounced in today's official communique
from the War Offlce, The Germans were
debouching from Passchendaele and
Brodaeulde when they cams Into col
lision with the English forces.
The Oermans have renewed their bom
bardment of Ypres, which has been almost
completely destroyed by previous shell
The French troops have made progren
on the right bank of the Yser Canal, the
communique states, and have also re
pulsed the Germans at Norte Dame de
Lorette. Other German attacks against
L bp French positions havo also failed.
fawO. GERMAN ASSAULTS
CHECKED BY BRITISH
Desperate Battle Rages Along Ypres
Line, Hut Allies Hold aat.
LONDON. April S.
pro. Pra TOitrftaii. In an official state
ment today, says that the British troops
' hay stopped two determined German
assaults directed from Passchendaele
" (Hve miles southeast of Langeraarclc and
seven norweasi o xprea wworu w
alHd lino at Brodsenlde. The fighting
.iTl.,l n ha i-nntlnulncr With the Utmost
. rfp-atIoB, but with the allied lines
,rfc. uuuti rlinn that thar Hermans
httvTw drtvtn entirely from the west
:., An. mat ni&lLt alien ftt&tm6niS
Mi tut t Mfted lip to the present tiro
r ,. -t ,h. IIIIm nr slowiv recovering
WHERE GERMANS SEEK TO kREAK LINE
I le OIXMUDE '
If .. X" ZftRBEN
Br! V atxcttoofc"
rL STJJ&UEWp' I
CZAR'S FLEET SHELLS
From Dixmude to n point several miles south of Ypres tho Germans
aro putting forth Herculean efforts to break the Allies' line and push
on with their drive toward Calais. The present German attack was
apparently anticipated by tho unexpected British assault on Hill
No. 60, further south (D). The real German attack camo on the
north side of tho salient shown by a black line. This onslaught, pre
ceded by the uso of gas bombs, carried them in some places two miles
into tho Allies' lines, and across tho Yser Canal, as shown by tho
lightly shaded area (B). They then pushed further across tho canal,
taking Lizorne, but this has been retaken and the Germans pushed
back out of tho solid black area (A). Further gains, however,
northeast of Ypres have brought tho Germans to St. Julien and tho
heavily shaded area (C). Tho Germans havo reduced the area of tho
Allies' salient by fully a third, and they are now in a position to
cover the entire remainder by artillery fire.
Warships Again Bombard
Outer Forts at Long Range,
CONSTANTINOPLE, April 28,
Russia's Black Sea fleet bombarded tho
outer forts of the Bosphorus for a second
time Sundny, shelling at long range the
fortifications of the eastern gatoway to
Constantinople Tho attacking fleet
showed extreme caution, however, at no
time coming within range of tho guns of
While the long-iange bombardment was
proceeding three rtusslan aeroplanes flew
over tho forts on one side, making a re
connaissance. They retired when fired
upon by tho Turkish artillery.
Tho following official statement was is
sued today by the Turkish War Office:
"Yesterday afternoon tho Russian fleet
cnrlcd out a demonstration, firing for
half an hour outside the range of fire of
the Bosphorus forts. The Turkish gun
ners made no reply. Tho Russian bom
bardment was Ineffectual, none of the
forts being damaged."
Mnnecly-Tucker Memorial Charter
Application will bo mado in Common
ricas Court tomorrow for tho appoint
ment of a master to hear arguments for
tho granting of a charter to tho Maneely
Tucker Memorial Association for tho re
lief of widows and orphans of municipal
employes killed In the discharge of their
duties. A charter has been drawn for the
association by John II. Fow. Signers In
clude Superintendent of Police Robinson,
Chief of Detectives Camoron, Police Cap
tains Davis and Tempest and Poltco Lieu
BARTLETT & CO., IHC.1938 Market St.
Reports From Russia Show
Turks Permitted Tribesmen
to Slay Women and Children.
International News Gtrvlce Staff Correspondent
PETItOOnAD, Aprit 25.
Seven thousand Christian Armenians
killed, S0OO -wounded, more than 1S.0OO
fugitives or prisoners, 12 towns destroy
ed, more than 600 square miles of terri
tory laid waste.
This briefly summarizes another bloody
page of Turkish history as revealed In
reports transmitted to Petrograd from
Tltlls, Tabriz and Teheran. The reports
ns received hero wero necessarily frag
mentary In character, but they have been
checked over carefully. They wero fur
nished by on official of the Government,
and cover a period from early In Janu
ary to lato In March.
Kurd tribesmen now fighting with tho
Turkish army wero responsible for tho
massacres In large part,. but the Turks
permitted the slaughter of men, women
and children, and In some Instances took
an active part In the butchery.
Horrible tortures were Inflicted upon
thousands of the Kurds' victims. Mothers
begging for the lives of their children
were crucified before the eyes of the
Httlo ones, Oil was poured over men and
women and then set afire. Turkish troops
and Turkish officials are declared to have
looked on while tho Kurds worked their
will. At the end of Berglri, between the
Persian .frontier and Lake Van, 200 fugl-
lltfsvai nrat-a tw A Jt .. 1 k r
m.: v:.:s.'v""" "?". n win.
fired into It for threeou ." 1
fired It. When tho Christians tUhty M
rush from tho door thev wlA"?'1 o M
"" '"" oown,
Germany Sends Food to Ally
AMSTERDAM, April 28.The Van tv
News Agency states that German. !
sending food to Austria. Several if.,
loads of supplies have been airs..?,11"
patched to Trieste and Catlaro In Lilt'
quenco of the food riots there? n9
I Boys Wlio Like Style 1
Everything Musical m
1010 Chestnut Street
iRniroit r.t yeaiis loir, 'fi
The specially selected materials, the
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"Faultless," and must reach this faultless
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Dougherty's "Faultless" Bedding
1632 CHESTNUT STREET
Will find that we have atudlcd their
wants with the same care that Wc
five to clothes for their fathers and
older brothers. Our hoys' clothes
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And that is only one of their at
tractions; father, who pays the hill
will appreciate the moderate prices
of our hoys' clothes and their quality,
which means long wear.
Norfolk Suits arc priced $5 to $20
Blouse and Russian Blouse Suits, $5 to $H
Spring-weight Overcoats, $9 to $15
Jacob Reed-s Sons
1424-1426 CHESTNUT STREET
Long Vamp and Tip. Fiat Too and Ball
with ample room. Three-quarter Inch
s.1Vn.roJ,He.S1' Soles "nbuffed and fair
stitched. Square Shanks.
A model picked for its personality distinc
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wear, gives a big six dollars of satisfaction
Claflin, 1107 Chestnut
Fifteen Distinct Styles of RubbcrSolc Shoes, $3,7s to ?3
Heppe Golden Anniversary
Proposition Worth Attenti
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1117-1119 Chestnut KfrPAh
; or 6th and Thompson Streets.
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