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EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, SATURDAY, APRIIJ 24, 1915:
V ...... If
PUHLIC LEDGER COMPANY
emus it. k cunTis, raisiDtxi.
CbrltH Lit.llnittoH.V ice-l'reMdent . John U Martin,
Oeretsry nd Treneurert Philip S. Collins, John B
Ctnrs It. K. CVRtlR Chairman
P. K WHALEY Exeeullie Editor
JOlty C. MAItTIN. Gene ml nulnc Manager
Fubllahtd dally at PcnUo Lcrnr.it nullillng-,
Independence Square, Philadelphia
Lrsotit Cktbl. .......... Hroad and Cheetnut streets
ATUhtlC CtTt rrtsi'l nfon nulldlnic
New Tonic, . 170-A, Metropolitan Toner
Cmeion 817 Hom Inmnnre Tlulldlni:
Lo.ndon S Waterloo rlace, rail Mall, E w.
itVmntMitn'f nrnrAC The I'oit llutimnc
-.r VorK lICftEAL' Tn Time MulMin
ntBttv nmEAC "" FriMrifnatraafs
Lovno.v til rC 2 Pall Mall Kai S W.
PAHS UcorAti .... ,12 Hue Louln 1 Orjnd
SUIUCnTPTION TERM J
fly carrier, Dill.v Ovlv, fix rente I1 mall poMpnld
, 6utlde ef Philadelphia, except where rorelen posture
is required DIM OM.t, one month twentv.fne rente,
Ctlt.r Oin, one j ear three rtoil.ir All mall mh-
crlptlone jiajable In Advtniv
BELL, .1000 WAl.M'r
KC1 STCM M UN .1(100
IST" .4df.'itat nil MimmtiWc if 10114 to Eicntng
Ltdptr, inJ-p-ri'c icr Squire . r'lt'r.tir'.h'n
ixtrnen At the ruiLAtr.tniu,roTorrii: as srrnvn
cue Mitt M'jrtrr,
I'lllLADLLIillA, SMI niM. litlt. SI, l'Jl..
A penny In fhc pocket f ri.s thrifllesi as an
idler ttio spends Ms trmc In brd.
Build a Hall Instead of Squabbling Over It
EVERY time a new site lor n tonoitlen
hall Is suggested the difficulties In th
way of agreement are increased nnd tiio be
ginning of work is delayed.
Some of the proposed sites at" better than
others. Some are urged with the thought,
primarily, of the convenience of the people
who will use the building, and others, with
a desire to boom real estate In this dlstr'et
or that. But the responsible men In the 1 ity
should not peimlt Councils to forget thnt
what the town Imperatively nerds is a cr n
ventlon hall and not a squabble nver Its
location. The squabble will not accommo
date a single convention or a single Indus
trial exhibition, but will Inrreasp the diffi
culties In the way of harmonious co-operation
among all those Interests engaged In the
work of making a greater and more pros
perous community The question ought to ba
approached with a bigness of spirit worthy
of the bigness of the enterprise.
The Colonel's Supreme Failure
I thought his morality at least nbne th
ordinarv political and business morality and
believed ho had It In him to hecome a al
uable leader in the State I boned to elim
inate the bad In Mr. Il.irne nnd deelop the
good Colonel Rooseclt, under oath
COLONEL, ROOSEVELT has, "got awa"
with t-o many things It Is surprising that
he did not get away with this stupendous
task. But he has tied to confess on the wit
ness stand that th- good and bnd were so
Inextricably Intermixed in the character of
Mr. Barnes that it was impossible for even
him t" separate thpm
If he had only succeeded, what a different
course, events might have taken In New York
and in the nation at large!
But what the Colonel cannot do it would
be nh for any other man to attempt. Not
even "Billy" Sunday, who is possessed of a
most discreet brand of courage, dated try to
reform the bosses In Pennsylvania. And he
let tho men who make the bosp.s possible
think that he had no disapproval for their
double standard of morality. Every mun
will fall to reform the bosses until personal
morals and political morals are measured by
the same yardstick
Unshackling the Housewife
THE gas range has done mote than any
other single Improvement In kitchen
apparatus to free the housewife from her
summer bondage It Is not possible to fix
with any certainty upon the exact date of
the signing of the proclamation of emancipa
tion. There can. therefore, be no annual
celebration of emancipation day: but the ob
servance of "Gas Range Week" come, as near
to such a celebration as is possible under
The kitchen in the properlv equipped house
Is no longer a torture chamber in summer.
Heat for cooking can be had at the moment
It Is needed. It can be turned off when there
Is no longer use for it, and the room is
habitable between times, as well, Indeed, as
when the heat Is on, for there is no great
.mass of cast Iron raised to a high tempera
ture standing anywhere In the kitchen.
The gas rangp has not only moderated the
temperature of the kitchen. It has made It
possible to put the heat wherever It Is most
convenient to use It. The women no longer
have to break their backs bending down to a
low oven for baking and roasting, but they
can stand erect and put things in an oven
"Women may seem to be slow about accept
ing Improvements In household devices, but
their objections are usually duo to their In
ability to perceive the value In the alleged
Improvement. When a real advance Is made
they move with the procession. No woman
will live In a house without a gas range to
day except under protest.
Planting War and Reaping Peace
ANSWERING questions U one of the duties
Lof a policeman. Yesterday a Philadel
phia bluecoat was accosted by an Individual
who evidently was not new to thlrstlness
and who asked:
"Say, where can I get loaded? I want to
"You can get loaded all you want down
at the next street there's a bar on the
The militarist, too, Is good at giving di
rections. But don't blame him for all the
wars there are In the world Statesmen and
people are not wholly guiltless, and civiliza
tion still has far to go,
Suppress the Irresponsible Jitneya
TITNEY regulations could not have been
t) delayed much longer. They have for
tunately been made before any great scandal i
or disaster has occurred through the sollclta- '
(ton of business In the streets by a large .
number of irresponsible and unlicensed '
operators of motorcars. j
It Is Important that every Jitney operator I
carrying passengers day or night shall bo
known to the police and chartered or
licensed Jn such a,way that he can be Identi
fied, If need be. The safety of the public, de
mands this, the safety of the men and
women In the streets as well as the safety
of the womfw and men in the motorcars.
The regwlatjwis which the Police Depart
ment has already mads are reasonable, and
are accepted in eefi part by the responsible
operator of the cars. Experience may prove
tfeat thJ need to be increased and made
more stringent, but so Ion; as the. primary
pwiKe 9f -tJMHa U ttee protestios of the pub-
lie and not the suppression of a legitimate
business there can be no Justifiable com
plaint. A modest license fee, not to discour
age the business, but to protect It. may bo
necessary, and It would probably bo wel
comed by nil the Jitney men except "hose
who wish to escnpe responsibility entirely.
MarvelousnesB of Common Things
THK accustomed things are. usually ac
cepted as a matter of course One seldom
stops to think of the beating of one's heart
to which the flow of blood through the body
Is due, or of the process of breathing, by
which that blood Is tilled with oxygen. Im
munity from disease does not Impress one
until It ceases. Ability and opportunity to
work are sometimes regarded as bllldens
Trtends with whom one has genial Inter
coursewife or husband, children or pa-ents
are frequently accepted without thought of
w hit they mean
Habit Is ri sponsible also, for much neglect
to consider when?" come the grnclous rains
ntul how It s tha' harvest succeeds seed
tittle n the re-urilng years. The spectacle of
the sunset and the more glorious panorama
of the dawn are neglected forponny chrrnos.
The mlghtv pageant of the stars attrncts
less atlentlnn than a circus parade, and men
will cross the ocean to st the Alps when by
looking upward from the streets they can
see the Himalayas of the heavens tiling
peolt on peak as the mountnln-llke clouds
loom against the horizon
Tho mute appeal in the eyes of the dumb
beasts Is too often denied, nnd we are thus
deprived nC the kindly companionship of our
fellow mortals. And even when we do accept
that comradeship we tin not prise it n? a
blessing. The old earth, Itself, swinging
through Infinite spners, might fly from Its
orbit Into chaos for nnv serious thought that
we give to the matter. We nrcept It as a
mnttr of course.
If one pauses for a moment to consider
these thlng, one will bo filled with wonder
at the orderly plan of Nature, nnd will Iip
moved to reverent awe In the presence of a
power and a mysterv bevond human com
prehension. Thankfulncs". therefore, Is the
proper mood for human kind, not thnnkful-ni-ss
on a single da set apart bv the Gov
ernment, but a dnllv mood of reverent grati
tude for all the benefits that encircle us. It
Is fitting for youth, thnt It m.iv face life with
some appreciation of Its significance, and for
age that It max approach Its end, knowing
that the Power which has guided tho uni
verse through the eternities nnd a sinsl"
human soul through its brief span on eat tit
will nut cease His care at that transition
which we call death.
Ethics and Self-interest
CHARLEMAGNE TOWER has discovered
that a dam will hold only so long as the
pressure behind It Is less powerful than the
resisting force of the structure When tho
pressure becomes too great tho dam gives
w a .
Llkewisp an international guarantee to
protect the Interests of the guarantors will
remain effective nnl so long ns the guaran
tors are protected by the guarantee. When
the pressure of contrary interests becomes
too great tho guarantees are disregarded.
Mr. Tower elaboiated this proposition be
fore the American Philosophical Association
Whether this Is right or wrong Is an en
tlrnly different question from whether It Is
the way things nrp done. The moralist may
discuss the ethical qualities of the law of
gravity without affecting the operation of
the law And a discussion of the moral enor
mity of the violation of thp neutrality of
Belgium will not persuade the Germans to
withdraw p single soldier. Whether vp like
to admit It or not, the forces at work in
this war pay as little heed to the theory
of ethics as ilos the avalanche when it
crashes down the side of a mountain. But
If the world Is to progress, wp should not
fall Into the error of worshiping the God
of Things as They Are to the total exclu
sion of the God of Things as Thpy Ought
inspectors to Inspect
GOVERNOR BRUMBAUGH'S approval of
the bill increasing the number of fac
tory Inspectors from 50 to 100 Is in fulfilment
of the humano program which he outlined
for himself when he took office. There can
be no adequate factory Inspection In a manu
facturing State tho size of Pennsyhania with
a force as small as that which has been hith
erto employed It Is doubtful If 100 Inspec
tors will be enough to make the thorough
inspection that Is necessary If the employes
arc to be protected In their rights and priv
ileges. When the standard of factory construction
has become established and respected by the
manufacturers of all kinds, and when the
human obligation of the employer to his em
ployes is admitted and fulfilled, It will not be
necessary to make so thorough an examina
tion of the factories every ear as Is now
required But until the conditions are im
proved the State must exercibe its right to
compel obedience to the laws and regulations
intended to protect the health and morals of
the factory workers Some time they will
be obeyed automatically, as a matter of
Character witnesses' More character wit
nesses! Perhaps our grandchildren will see the end
of the Thaw case.
At the rate they are coming most of the
April showers will have to fall In May.
Japan says to China. "Yield or fight." But
China may take it Into Its head to do neither.
General Obregon has occupied Irapuato
with resuItB less distressing to himself than
If Ipecacuanha had occupied him.
The college athletes may have to engage In
relay races, but the Colonel wants It under
stood that ho can outdistance any boss relay
team all by himself.
Tho children who start to walk to the
Panama Fair ought to remember that It Ib
even a longer way to San Francisco than
from the French battle front to Tipperary.
How futile that suggestion to the Pan
American Union for a permanent arbitration
commission to take the Initiative in settling
international disputes seems in the face of a
The discovery that the report of the naval
battle oft the New Jersey coast was without
foundation will not prevent the olrculatlon of
other similar reports. Naval battles as sum
mer resort attractions are much better than
One gathers from the addresses before the
American Philosophical Association that If
the kings of Europe would only marry Phil
adelphia girls the next generation ef princes
mljht contain' mora real men.
THE BEAUTY OF
A NIGHT BATTLE
Like a Storm Before the Dawn.
Scenes on the Eastern Front as
Described by a Russian Writer.
An Addenda to "War and Peace."
The following l n translation of a tlvlrl sketch,
which rerently appeared In the Hueslan nev
paper "P-uaskoe Slnio" and le eharaeterUtle of
the unique manner In which the Ruaelan writer
Weus eerythlntr, eten war.
Tlin muster a small, shriveled old man
can hardly get up from his filthy bod:
and the mistress a wrinkled, 111 old woman
weeps unceasingly. Somewhere far away
are her children for she does not know
where they are. Theie Is nothing to eat,
and she Is ashamed to have to beg from
the soldiers, who are so willing to share
with her. Besides this, there Is the ever
present terror that from the trenches, which
are so very, very close, there may appear a
German to Ate the last remainders of her
And with these two. in their half of tho
' nUl thcr" are billeted eight oidcrllcs: In
the other half, In which there arc two low,
J minute bunks like those In a ship's cabin,
I there are living five doctors and thrco or
1 ganlzers of nn ambulance unit. In these
1 rooms are two offices a kitchen and a store
of provisions and here Is carried on the
1 business Interwoven with tho life of every
j Townrd the evening It becomes hot and
1 stuffy In the hut from the number of per
sons gathered In It, tho tobacco smoke, nnd
i the stove on which the evening meal Is be-
Ing cooked So every one goes out for a walk
1 In tho road by tho woods.
( Therp Is a moon, and tho evening Is: bright
and qulot Prom here ran bo seen troops
1 advancing, orderlies galloping to nnd fro,
and a lone Ilnp of field-kitchens on Its way
I to thu front sti etched over the surface of tho
1 rparkllng snow.
Now is n strange time, whrn everything
' along the front is quiet and Hip war censes
J for an hour or two, for the men must ies,t
I nnd eat to be able afterward to carry on aa
I At 9 o'clock everything Is as It was. shrap
j iipI bursts close by, and the heavv boom of
I artillery can once more be heard. Sometimes
rifle-firing will start, to continue Intermit
tently throughout the night.
Having rpturned to the farm, where a
lamp Is burning and newly ni lived papers
aie lying on the table, we drink tea with
lemon juice A oung Caucasian do;tor
smokes, now and then to lessen the numcr-
ous smells Then wp all begin to get ready
to go to sleep Some He on their nai row
folding camp beds, some on crates which
once held provisions, and tho rest simply
on the beaten earthen floor. The conver
sation I of the war. of our birthplaces, and
of the possibility of a night attack by Hip
enemy. Soon all are asleep In the little
hut It Is warm, quiet nnd stuic. nnd only
j occasionally It shakes from the force of tho
I esplodlng shells It seems that here there
is and can be no danger.
Close on 3 o'clock wo are awakened by
a series of shocks which by the rattling
of the furniture seem to be so great that
the flimsy hut Is having great difficulty in
keeping lo one spot Some one speaks ex
citedly: "Do you hear it? It must bo a
An Incessant artillery battle now begins
The bursts of shells come oiip on top of
another, thoy are quite close, net to us,
almost upon us, right under the walls of
the hut. surely It must fall And now wo
can hear a sound as of a person tapping
persistently, untiringly, irritably at tho wall
with an enormous dry hard flit. This is tho
rifle fire beginning
We hurriedly dress and go out.
It Is terrible, but wonderfully beautiful.
Short red flames burst out one after an
other, tho searchlight throws its strange
long pale beams as far as the horizon, and
the screaming shrapnel falls on the ground
In bright, metpor-llke sparks, and In the air
there Is tho ceaseless crack of rifle fire,
bursting of shells nnd the clatter of shrap
nel, the constant, untiring business of a
Then everything begins to quiet down
like a storm that has exhausted its fury.
But hardly have we started townrd the hut
when again It starts slowly, quietly,
far away Then nearer, clearer, moie per
sistently, shriller Rifles, quick-flrers, how
itzers, all once moro enter the lists The
farther away the fiercer It seems. Now It
T. ROOSEVELT, MAN OF LETTERS
MAN can forecast his own life And
Colonel Roosevelt has been as unsuccess
ful as tha rest of us. Perhaps he has been
mora unsuccessful, for his actual career Is so
different from what he thought it would hae
to be 25 years or more ago that no one would
think that the reality could possibly have suc
ceeded the dream which preceded It. The
Colonel Indicated his early occupations when
he was cross-examined In Syracuse by the
attorney for William Barnes Here 1b a trans
cript of part of the record:
"Were you a lawyer?" asked Mr Ivlns.
"I studied law," Roosevelt replied, "but I
never practiced. Early In my life I became an
He did not say then that he had expected
to be a man of letters and nothing else, but
that Is what he thought was to be his fate
after the Utlca convention In 1SS1, when he
was elected as a delegate-at-large from New
York to the Republican National Convention
and committed to opposition to Blaine. After
the convention he wrote S. N. D. North, then
managing editor of the Utlca Herald, that his
course had aroused so much hostility that he
had little expectation at being able to keep on
In politics The letter is printed In full In "The
Many-Sided Roosevelt, an Anecdotal Biogra
phy." by George W Douglas. In U93 he wrote
another letter on the tame general subject,
which can be found in the same book. He
"If a man has political foresight, who llve3
In a district where the people think as he does
and where he has a great hold over .them, then
he can seriously go In for a continuous pub
lic career; and I suppose in such a case it is
all light for him to shape his publlo course
more or less with a view to his own continu
ance In office. I am a little Inclined to envy
a man who can look forward to a long and
steady course of publio service, but in my own
case kucb a career is out of the question, and,
personally. It seems to me that a man's com
fort and usefulness are greatly Impaired the
moment befins to zt worrying- about how
..vv- '-'- v ,"'tA""- j;.'. - V 1 I
becomes haid to distinguish one sound from
tho other, for the rifles and the big guns
srpni to make tho same amount of noise,.
J hnvo an unconquerable craving to go and
see what is happening ti verst or two away.
whore tho battle is being fought. But from
I tnc I'oat bE on w"'ch the hut stands a fog
has risen, and, In spite of tho bright moon,
it Is impossible to see anything in tho damp
And then suddenly a drawling, low, dis
tant roar arises, glows, approaches. I can
clearly hear amid this tornadq of sounds
the tones ot many men's voices. A far away
"A 'a !a !" getting louder every moment.
"Again, again'" Hcio it Is quite close to
me, then farther off again, from this side,
then fiom the other.
My henit beats with excitement und
agitation. I Imagine ns I cannot see any
thing in the cold, dank mist that something
Is approaching, that in a minute out of that
darkness there may appear foreign soldiers.
And. again, although I am enciiclcd by a
blanket of fog, I imagine I can see some
thing. But that Is Impossible.
Then again the long-drawn-out "A 'a
la !" Now somehow louder, more convinc
ing, more triumphant. Uut suddenly ovoty
thlng almost at the same moment grows
calm One or two moro shot3 are fired by
lilies und guns. " And by 7 o'clock In
the morning, when a olow, dull, drowsy
dawn comes up from tho north, there is com
plete silence all along our fiont.
The day In the lienchcs begins. Baggage
carts make their way along tho toad, or
derlies huiry hither and thither On tho
plain and in the woods tho artillery fire at
Intervals. Some wounded are being brought
in to the bandaging point and some one say3
that last night there was u night attack on
our trenches, but by the stiong, well-aimed
thrusts of our brave men's bayonets it was
A FIGHT WORTH FIGHTING
To the Ertttar nf the Evening Leitgrr:
Sir Keep up the fight'
I am Immensely pleased with jour editorial,
"Put a White Feather In Respectability's Cap."
It Is to the point, and ceiy word of it la
true. Keep up the fight'
ALBERT S HACSELER
Philadelphia. April 2
RIGHT AND MIGHT
Hold by the rlsht. you double your might
his votes and actions will affect his own future.
When I was In tho Legislature I roon found
that for my own happiness, as well as for the
sake of doing good work, I had to cast aside nil
thought of my own future; and as soon as I
made up my mtnd to this end and oted sim
ply as I thought right, not only dlsregaidlng
the people themselves. If I honestly thought
they were all wrong on a matter of principle,
not of men or of expediency, then I began thor
oughly to enjoy myself and to feel that I wa3
doing good. My hands are fortunately
free, for I have not the slightest concern about
my political future. My career Is that of a lit
erary man, and as soon as I am out of my
present place I shall go back to my books."
He did go back to his books and has gone
back to them many times 6lnce, If It can be
cald that he has ever completely abandoned
them. The list of titles of his published works
Is long and It covers a wide range of subjects,
from natural history to naal affairs and from
philosophy and ethics to the development of a
continent The man of letters persists In him.
And the men of letters of the nation have wel
comed him Into their number, for he Is a mem
ber of the American Academy of Arts and Let
ters, composed of the most distinguished 60
writers and artists In the country. Including
William Dean Howells. Henry James, James
Ford Rhodes, Thomas Nelson Page, Hemy van
Dyke, John Singer Sargent, William M. Chase
and the rest of the leaders in their profession.
After the Colonel had confessed that he was
an author, the attorney with whose questions
this article was begun, asked;
'What else did you do?"
"I went West and was a cowboy upon tha
Little Missouri' In Montana."
"We want no moro of that. You have had
many callings, have you not?"
"Yes. I've followed many ocatlons," laughed
"And all simultaneously?" interposed Ivlns.
"Yes," was the reply
Yet of all his simultaneous and multifarious
occupations be Is doubtless proudest of his lit
CHAMPION OF SHOT-PUTTERS
HEROINES OF THE EUROPEAN WAR
Woman's Work Across the Sea Is Varied in Kind, From Fighting
on the Battle Line to Carrying on the Work Left
T ETTERS and news
XJ Vienna tell of the hard, efficient work
which a Philadelphia woman, Mrs. Ponfiold,
wifo of tho Amoilcan Ambassador, Is doing
for the welfare of Austrian soldiers. In iec
ognltlon of her services the Emperor last No
vemher confeired upon her the Grand Cross
ot tho Older of Elizabeth, an honor hereto
fore icservcd for persons connected with the
imperial fnmilj. Ret ent messages which
have come out of Austria describe evidences
of appreciation and gratitude shown by the
people of all classes townnl this American
woman, who bears a distinguished part In the
humano activities of wartime.
In cery war women have honored them
selves and their countiy by what they havo
done are what they havo suffered. There Is
nothing surpilslng in woman's heroism, but
thcio Is nothing moro deserving of tho
wot Id's ttlbute.
From Europe come stirring tales of hero
ines of war. We learn that many kinds of
work formcrlv performed by men are now
being capably continued by women. There
is work nnd work a-plenty for the women of
Europe, nnd hardship and grief Heroic
qualities are called forth with every rising
Numbers of women, at the beginning of the
war. marched to tho firing line with guns
on their shoulders They had personated re
servists who because ot illness or absence
had been unable to answer the call It Is
said that several hundred reached the front.
Some of them were wounded. It Is probable
that most. If not all, of the women soldiers
havo heeti dlEcoveied by their officeis and
sent hark home. Olga Ellvlser. however, Is
a member of n Cossack regiment, and not
under pretenso of any kind. She fought In
tho Russo-Japanese War and won a medal,
and when the present war broke out she re
joined her legimcnt.
Russian and Polish women are acting ns
scouts and spies In Eastern Poland. Tho
corps which Is thus engaged began with the
Polish Women's Unity League of Poland.
Tho 200 members began to practice gymnas
tics and military drill on tho Jlokotsky field.
They drilled without arms, the aim being to
attain physical fitness and to dovelop a dis
cipline which would enable them to render
efficient nsslstanro to the defending army
and the noncombatants In case of tho siege
of Warsaw. They took to men's clothes and
then to n uniform of their own When tho
Invaders retired in November the women's
corps spread out through the evacuated ter
ritory and gave valuable aid to t- army of
Grand Duke Nicholas. On the relnvaslon the
women changed their uniforms for their cus
tomary dress and went on scout duty.
Guarding tho Railways
"Tho work of tho German women," says
Mrs. Bernhard Dernberg, "began with the
first movement of troops. Patriotic women's
associations were formed voluntarily, and
these Immediately took steps to furnish food
at tho different railway stations, day and
night, through which the trains of soldiers
passed. Young girls and children were eager
to Join tho work with their mothers, and
boys of 16 and under gruarded the railways
day nnd night.
"Coincident with, that came the move
ment of refugees from East Prussia, for this
Btarted with the advance of tho Russians
across tha border before the declarations of
war. Theso refugees had to be taken care
of in private houses, whose owners threw
open their doors to them. I had six of these
refugees In my own home.
"Then, of course, women had to take up
the work left by tho men who had been
called to arms. If men were in charge of
big businesses, their -wives took their placea
In the office; shopkeepers left their stores In
tho hands of their wives; In some cases
women took the places of men on the tram
cars, and, of course, mothers had to take the
place of fathers as heads of families. The
war came so unexpectedly there was no tlmo
for men leaving for the front to make ar
rangements. "Next, the stream of wounded began to
flow back from tho fronts. When it was
raUa4 that great problems must bo met.
1 children were sent about collecting clothes.
shoes and stockings. These were all assorted, i
washed or cleaned, and stored away by slreiJ
in tho different schools of the towns, so that
when these things were in demand for refu ;
gees or other victims of the war they could '
be readily drawn upon. Housewives madt
great stores of Jellies and jams and lljht
foods so necessary for the hospitals, and
everywhere branches were organized of the '
National Women's Service."
Sister Julie's Tribute
All France is proud of the little Frencht
nun wno preserved tne Hospital at GerlX'
vlller from German attack, and the world hu
heard no more thrilling story of the war
than that about Sister Julie. But when hi
was asked why she did not wear the CronJ
of the Legion of Honor given her by Preil-j
dent Poincare, sho responded:
"I do not wear It because It was not meant!
for mo alone. It was given to tho women on
France who have done their duty."
The women of France, of Germany, of Ans-1
trla, of England, of Russia are dally perform-
Ing deeds of valor and of greatness. j
Of the nurses, thousands are exposing'
themselves to as great risk as are the sol-3
dlers. A hundred women have received?
from Czar Nicholas the St George's Cross,
which Is given only for valor.
In London a statue of Florence Nightingale I
has just been unveiled, She Is represented as
"The Lady of tho Lamp"; that is to say, ui
sho used to appear when visiting the hospltalf
wards at Scutari during the Crimean war.:
It is fitting that new honors should be paid
to the woman who did so much, both la -war;
and In peace, to advance the methods of bos-'
pital work. Her Influence still lives.
Czar's Sister a Nurse -
In warring Europe women of high rani;
and low are devoting themselves to nurslnf
wounded soldiers and caring for the families
ot the poor. The Grand Duchess Olga,
sister of the Czar, is a uurso In one of thej
largest Russian field hospitals Of her, MmM
Bakhmeteff, the wife of the Russian Am-
bassador to America, says. "She wears tnJ
same dress, takes her turn by day and on
night In doing the hardest routine work, ln
lecelvlng the wounded, removing their bloody
stained clothes and their heavy boots, bathes:
the wounds, assists at operations and share
In the work of the wards, precisely as does
tho young woman from the humble walk ofj
life. Scores of men have had their wounds!
closed and dressed, have been fed. and 6onS
times have had their eyes closed in death Wl
lots jiauus m wig uraiiu yutii -
ever knowing the Identity of the gentle wpm-
an who to them, and to her fellow women.
1 is lust a nursa."
In Germanv a. similar effect on claw "
Unctions has been observed. Women who
had been in tho habit of having every wba
attended to by a host of servants, and who
had never known what it was to do anyWTii
of service for themselves, cheerfully unoei
tnnlr Tn.nlnl igslr. Tho rtn licrhter of the ChM
11n hpz-nmn nn ncslntnnt nurse, WuWV
meant that she had to helD do anythlnr
quired In a hospital, down to scrubblnr floortj
In a thousand tasks presented by warcondy
tlons, women of all stations of life areij
lnir sldn hv hMa.
If thera in irlnrv In war. natrlotlO W "i
... - - . . ! ffAffl&8
manitanan service has won it ior m v -
e live oy Auniiruuun, nvfi "- -."-jiSB
And, even as these are well and wisely Me
Y Jlnuli.. M !-..l. -.A HAnfiHff 1slH'
In dignity of being we ascend.
Quid ts the grove with light.
And the glen Is song-caressed.
But longing comes ere night
For the one, dear nest!
Far fields may seem more fslr,
And distant hills more blue
Still claims that nest niv are
In the dawn In the dew
For though the wild may co
Wy wing to many a iuw'
tjwet In the dawn and the ow
Ait home and rest' gerftatr
-iuu -! roitat. sen"0"
aMM.;iSS?f r if jgfjii-i