Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, April 23, 1915, Night Extra, Page 8, Image 8

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frrtiue it k. fctiivrie. risnixT.
f Qierlea II LAidlntion, Vice-President : John C. Martin,
ptcreiary na 'jrnurr( rniup s. (jouins, jonn B.
Vlijlama. Plfectoti.
Cries 11. It. Cents. Chairman.
MV t tVltAtr ...... Executive Edlter
IwilNC MARTIN... ....... General Uualneaa Manager
ruMlihed diliy It rt)U0 Lzuacn Bulidlnr,
Independence Bqiwre, rhlladelphl.
utflR CrTiUL .,,,.... i .Dread and Chestnut Street
MUHttd Citr...... , rrttsUnlo milldlne
if Wk Yds-. ............... 1T0-A, Metrop6tltan Tewer
iCnlciiro. .. i. ......... ..817 Home lnaurance Building
ofcnow. 8 Waterloo nice, rail Man, B. w.
ifianfMnrnM Ttnantr Tha Mat ltulldinr
ifM ToK nbniiu.... The. TlmM ltulldlne
9atf.fN Brao xi. no Frledrlchstrar
r.nitvMri nmtiUi. 2 Tall Mall r?aat. R. W.
Faau BOltaUti 82 Hue Louts le Urand
subscription terms
n MrrUf. TIAit.T 0if.T. 4 rent a. Ilr mall. nflilntM
AtttBlda ttt Philadelphia. aacant where foreign noatara
ll required. Duly d.LT. nne month, twenty-nve cents;
L':itttT O.mlt, one year, three dollar. All mall sub-
aaeriptiona payaoia in advance.
PT" Address all communication to Evening
Leigtr, Independence 8 quart, Philadelphia.
. ., Jirtrtio at tm rmurxLrnu rosiarnci is ercoND-
CUD MilL MltTElt.
iMDBLrntA. miDAY. ArniL 33, mis.
Tht flres of halo cll not oo out so long as
the) are fed with hard tvordt.
Protection and "Protection"
Eft TIM" McNICHOL did not defeat local op
. d Hon; neither did "Ed" Vare. It was
defeated last November by tens of thousands
of "good" citizens who got It Into their heads
that they could not be prosperous unless
Mr, Penrose was sent back to Washington,
E. on which account they voted for him and
F his affiliated Interests.
It Is pure nonsense to expect politicians
ft; to do what they are notoriously under agree-
ment not to do. It Is sheer stupidity "to
stand for" anything-, provided it Is done up
In a protection wrapper. Protection, the
H great economic principle, as a matter of fact,
has never been defeated In tho United States
? In recent years. But because protection has
been used as a shield behind which nefarious
w deeds were committed, tho Republican party
has been defeated. And It will bo defeated
.gain unless Its leadership Is clean.
The Idea that tho way to get protection Is
to tie its fate to the coattalls of political
adventurers who promote slush funds gives
evidence of everything except brains In the
heads of the gentlemen who bo delude them
selves. Protection Is one thing and "pro
tection" is another.
Every One Loves a Horse
A small boy were asked to choose
between ownership of a pony and owner
ship of an automobile he would unhesitat
ingly choose the pony.
So long- as the natural unspoiled Instincts'
L of the human heart havo any power the
horso will retain his placo In our affections.
No machine ever invented by tho Ingenuity
oi man can compare in cnarm wun an intel
ligent, well-trained and affectionate horse.
Ho Is not merely a devlco for sotting you
over tho ground. He Is a companion and a
friend. His soft muzzle in your hand Is
more delightful than tho kickback of tho
starting crank of an automobile.
When the railroad trains displaced tho
stage coaches the horse did not disappear.
Men traveled more and farther. That was
All the effect tho new mode of locomotion
Dad. And the motorcar has not displaced
tho horse, either. There are moro horses In
the country today than there were 10 years
ago. Tho new devlco for getting over tho
ground has made business for itself while
leaving the horse undisturbed In his position
'of supremacy. Tho indoor horse show,
which opened yesterday, is an institution or
ganized long after the automobiles became
popular and the exhibitors nro men and
women who own motorcars, but they cannot
and will not part with their horses. They
loved ponies In their childhood, and now
that they havo become men and women they
refuse to deny the instinct which first led
them to cherish the companionship of the
splendid animal.
"War of Silver Bullets"
N the German Finance Minister says
V: VY that if this Is to bo a "war of silver
bullets" Germany is prepared, he suggests
j by his Interview with the United Press cor-
respondent that it is a war of pronounce
ments as well as of silver and leaden bullets.
- His declaration of the ability of his country
" to meet all the charges of tho war and to
; feed Its people, however long tho war may
Jast, is a form of campaigning In whloh Ger
f, many has been engaged since the beginning.
J' Indeed, tho Germans havo used their pub
i llclty bureau more Industriously than either
' the British or tho French. They hope thereby
to strengthen their position in the eyes of
' the world, to keep up the courage of their
V own people and to mislead tho Allies. It Is a
), legitimate use of publicity, and some of the
J" British and French observers of tho progress
j of tho war are regretting that their own
f Governments have not made a more liberal
-use of Informal proclamations to the people
.regarding tho state of preparedness for all
emergencies. Their psychological value is un-("doubted.
Curfew Will Yet Ring in Philadelphia
InriHB failure of Director Porter to get tho
X children off the streets at night because
of lack of the necessary ordinance has not
e, atscouragea mose wno Deueve aamission to
tho school of crime should be made as diffl-
t cult as possible for the young.
They are determined, either through legls
Llatlort in Harrisburg or in City Hall, to era-
power the police to arrest children found on
Ptha streets without proper guardians after a
i. qvrtaln hour In the evening. And they ought
Jo succeed. They may not carry their point
.fbls summer, but they will carry it some
, tlma. In the near future. It took a year to
'ret the Lancaster Councils to adopt an ordi
nance pryviuwig iuui iiimura uuuer m ua
of 16 should pot be allowed on the streets
after 9 o'clock, but no one regrets that the
ty has such an ordinance now. It has re-
ifcea tho amount of juvenile crime, which
eana that it has kept boys and girls out
temptation while they have not the Judg-
ent seeded to assist them in deciding what
rlgM and what is wrong. It has mada.lt
Sailer for tho children of the poor to grow
p to an honest and upright maturity. Cur-
w ordinances in other cities have had slmi-
r rcJSutts, In some cases they have reduced
venila crime 75 per cent.
t no argument u neeaea 10 prove inai
a and girls should, be at home In the
In? instead of on the streets of a large
They can learn nothing good as prt
y juplla In the school of vice and idlo-
U must be kept off the streets, and
tfca hwt of some of them are unpleasant
(, 9B(M let t nadft tbo buslnei of soma
phllanthroplo persons to provide suitable
gathering plaofea for th6 young in different
neighborhoods where .they can have Innocent
amusements In wholesome surroundings.
There Is a splendid opportunity hero for tho
churches to co-operate with tho Pollco De
partment In Bavins the young from them
selves and for tho community as a whole.
Who Will Share in This Quarter of n
Billion "iMelon"?
TV) YOU realize what the war In Europo
mcans to every railroad) every coastwise,
lako and river steamship Unci every hotel,
every summer boarding house and every
dealer In automobiles and automobile sup
plies In America?
In brief, It portends a season of unparal
leled prosperity for all thoso who reach out
their hands to take what Is coming to them.
There will be no tourist travel In Europo for
Americans this summer. American tourists,
according to the estimate of tho head of the
Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commorco
In Washington, spent $286,000,000 In ocean
steamship fares, hotel bills and railroad fares
and In purchases from foreign merchants in
tho Dscal year ending June 30, 1014. This Is
moro than a quarter of a billion dollars. If a
sum so largo as this, or even one-half so
large, Is distributed this summer by tho
pleasure seekers who havo to seek their
"far country" hero at homo Instead of abroad,
it docs not take much Imagination to picture
tho harvest which will bo reaped by thoso
Who cater to this class of trado.
The vacation disposition persists In splto
of war. If tho man with $500 or $1000 to
spend on himself or his family this summer
cannot get to Europo he will spend It In his
own country. Thousands of such men will
go to tho Pannma Fair bocnuso that has
been advertlsod widely for the past year. It
Is tho first thing that will occur to many of
them. But tho Panama Fair Is not tho only
thing on this continent worth looking nt.
Philadelphia should Interest every patriotic
American moro than it Is possible for Lon
don to Interest him, because hero the nation
was born. Valley Forgo and Gettysburg are
greater places for him than Waterloo, and
tho tomb of Washington at Mt. Vernon Is
moro lmpresslvo than tho sarcophagus of
Napoleon In Paris. Boston and Concord and
Lexington are moro Intimately connected
with American liberty than Is the Roman
Forum. Those Who have roamed the world
without first looking at tho historic places In
their own country may see America at last.
Philadelphia and Pennsylvania will get
their proper share of the quarter of a billion
dollars annually spent by vacation enthu
siasts' abroad, If they seek It, and they will
get some of It any way, whether they seek
It or not. But tho alert and awakened busi
ness senso of tho community must perceive
the splendid opportunity which now presents
itself to attract the attention of the nation
to this great centre of historic interest, when
thoro Is a multitude so eager to learn what
is most worth seeing in its own land.
They talk about railroad corporations "cut
ting a melon." There never before woe such
a melon awaiting the cutting for the benefit
of thoso who purvey to vacationists.
Crusnde Cannot Start Too Soon
IT IS difficult to conceive of a moro con
temptible occupation than that of the man
who persuades tho Ignorant that they are
suffering from cancer or tuberculosis or some
other disease, and then robs them of their
monoy through pretending to cure them of
their Imaginary Ills.
The Federal authorities have begun to
prosecute such quacks In New York, and nro
sold to bo planning operations In this city.
They cannot come here too soon, and they
cannot deal with the scoundrels too vigor
ously. These quacks are oven worse than
the manufacturers of patent medicines, com
pounded chiefly of alcohol, which are war
ranted to cure all Ills, from Brlght's dlseaso
to cholera, for they talk In person to their
victims, and by insinuations of manner and
tone Impress them with the gravity of their
llness and then despoil them at their leisure.
Pickpockets are respectable In comparison.
No Prohibition for Iowa Democrats
THE refusal of the Democratic State Com
mittee of Iowa to make belief in prohibi
tion a test of fitness to serve as1 a member
of the Democratic National Committee from
the State Indicates that the politicians of
the State nro reasonably well satisfied with
tho present situation and are not Inclined to
subordinate other issues to agitation for
the prohibition of the sale of intoxicating
But the liquor men of Iowa and other
States can force the prohibition Issue Into
the foreground by a policy of blind obstruc
tion to the popular will. They are the worst
enemies of their own business. And if they
devote their time and money and political
ingenuity to frustrating the attempts of the
people to regulate the business in a reason
able manner, the people will wipe It out en
tirely. Or if they cannot wipe it out they
will do all that Is In their power to destroy
it and make every man who sells Intoxicants
an outlaw.
The refusal of the Iowa Democrats to ac
cept the advice of Mr. Bryan is of less im
portance than the determination of the Iowa
Democrats' to do what they can to protect
the rights of the people of the State to
manage their own affairs In their own way,
without the Interference of either the Sec
retary of State or the liquor associations.
Mr. Barnes1 seems to be proving Mr. Roose
velt's case,
This Is an era when America will be full
of Americans
The foot and mouth disease may yet do
more to clean up the city than all the anti
pig campaigns have ever accomplished.
The "Invisible" government was not In
visible to the Colonel he was behind the
Bcenes. There would have been no trouble if
only ha had thought that "invisible govern
ment" was "out of sight."
That report from Harrisburg that unless
the Governor ''comes down" the Organization
will pass a child labor bill dictated by the
employers of child labor Instead of a humane
measure la perfectly credible. Any folly can
be believed of the men In control of the
The Charm of Houses and Streets
Before the Era of Victorian Front
Lawns Let's Get Back the Old
Sense of Privacy.
FENCES seem to be coming back. To bt
Bure, I learn of tho glad tidings chiefly
form the pages of thoso numerous magazines
which tell us how to erect a charmingly fllm
plo nuburban villa for $3000, and then make
Us envious by printing pictures of .Tohn D,
Rockefeller's estate. Actual observation of
suburban and rural America docs not yet
dlscloso any very concorted return to fences.
However, I nm hopeful enough to bollev'o
that wo nro ipnlly on tho way out of our
terrlblo era of Victorian front lawns, that
era when every pretty old village In tho land
hnd Its Village Improvement Society, and
moro harm wns done In a generation than
threo generations can undo.
Tho waves of taste, good or bad, which
sweep over a community, even a nation, nro
curious things. In the post-Revolutionary
period America developed a very lovely
architecture, which reached Its climax, per
haps, around 1S20. Just how far this archi
tecture wns generally appreciated I am not
student enough to Ray. Golden eras of tasto
often roduco themselves, upon cloao examina
tion, to bo eras when this or that famous
nrchltect was tho fashion. Certainly our
Colonial architecture was English In origin,
and In many cases some of tho best examples
In tho rural regions owo their exccllonco to
tho fact that tho carpenter-builders of the
period worked from set plans In a book
However, wo hnd native nrchltccts of genius,
llko Mclntlro In Salem nnd Bulfluch In Bos
ton. Whole Btreots In Salem are almost per
fect. Whole street! In old Baltlmoro or Phil
adelphia, are or until recently wcrc elo
quent witnesses to the fact that somebody's
good taste, at any rate, was not Interfered
Gingerbread Compilations
Then a period of unrest set In, manifesting
Itself nt first in tho ovcrelaboratlon of the
existing style. It was not so very long, as
tlma goes, before nobody dreamed of build
ing a new house In the tried nnd truo
Colonial style, so befitting our country. One
fad succeeded nnother, nnd strewed tho Innd
with monstrosities, from tho Now York
brown stone city houses to tho Queon Anno
suburban residences and the small town
compilations of wooden gingerbread scroll
It Is only within the memory of tho
youngest of us that tho American architects
of tho new generation, aided by tho really
valunblo work of the houso and garden
magazines, havo begun to pull .tnsto back to
the simpler, snncr styles, chiefly, perhaps,
Colonial. Such a "magnificent" avenue as
Peach Tree street In Atlanta, or tho better
residence streets of Indianapolis, are mourn
ful reminders of tho horrors of our only too
recent domestic architecture. Wo will say
nothing of certain suburbs nearer home.
Somowhcro back In our fathers' time,
when Iron deer wero gaily prancing over
front InwnB and no llttlo homo was com
plete without a French roof, tho park idea
hit the country. Down with tho fences and
hedges! was tho cry. Village Improvement
Societies took up tho slogan. Why be ex
clusive? Why disfigure the roadside with n
fence? Why not open up a green park on
both sides of the highway, composed of
everybody's front yard? Why not. Indeed?
Accordingly, it wns dono. Tho horrid deed
was done, and the loss has been Incalculable.
Glimpses of Garden
Anybody who can remember an old New
Englnnd village before tho "Improvement"
struck It has a picture stored In his memory
which It Is almost Impossible to match to
day. In front of almost overy house was a
wooden fence. Very frequently theso fences
were no less works of architectural beauty
than tho dwelling. They wero In style with
tno house. Tho Colonial fences had tall,
square posts, each often surmounted by an
urn, and tho palings of the gato were moro
elaborate, to match the front door, which
was glimpsed up tho vista of the path. Be
hind tho fence was usunlly a hedge of some
sort, or shrubbery planting, to screen tho
dwelling nnd make a privacy for the occu
pants. The front yard was sometimes a
lawn, sometimes perhaps even moro fre
quentlyIt was a garden. You merely caught
a glimpse of It as you passed the gate per
haps saw the mistress of the house out
snipping at her "posies." Over tho fenoa
nnd the shrubs, however, rose the upper win
dows of the house, looking down in klndb
fashion at the street, but not courting your
full stare.
The total effect of a street like this was
Infinitely more charming than anything we
know today. Tho vista of tho street was
better, because that last line made by the
fences Is necessary to frame In tho perspec
tive. The houses all looked more homelike
and attractive, because they were screened
off In a decent privacy. People In them did
not have to live on the sidewalk. There was
pleasant color and vnrlety and infinite sur
prises In the glimpses of garden you caught
through gates and over walls or fences.
A WELL was recently drilled at Charleston,
. S. C, to a depth of nearly 2000 feet below
sea level and at that depth struck water bear
ing sand which yielded a natural flow of more
than half a million gallons a day of extremely
soft water, suitable for boiler supply. I, N.
Knapp, of Philadelphia, who was the engineer
In charge of the drilling operations, realizing
the opportunity afforded by a deep boring of
this kind to add to the sum of human knowl
edge, carefully saved a complete set of sam
ples of the materials penetrated by the drill and
sent them to the office of the United States
Geographical Survey at Washington.
One of the Interesting results of these studies
was the finding of the shells of oysters and
other marine organisms even down to the bot
tom of the well, all of which, except thoso
found within 75 or 80 feet of the surface, belong
to a species which lived during past ages and
are now extinct. The shell of one species be
longing to the oyster family and known to
scientists as Exogyra upatolensla Stephenson
was floated out from the bottom of the well by
the natural flow of water. The story which
this shell tells is an interesting one to students
of earth history.
When the oyster was alive the Atlantic Ocean
covered the present site of Charleston and prob
ably extended for nearly a hundred miles
farther inland, but the bottom of the sea on
which it lived was probably not more than W
or 100 fathoms deep. The riven from the land
carried sand and mud into the sea and grad
Hero was a town, you felt, whore each homo
was a home, where a man shut his gate bo
hind him and entered tho privacy of his
dwelling fifty feet from tho door.
Now that Is alt gone. In the older com
munities tho peoplo themselves havo swept
tho fences away. In the newer communities,
llko city suburbs, the development companies
In many cases havo purposely built without
fences to show their ware3 better. In
cither case the result Is pitiful. 'House after
house, unfenced and unscreened, stares at
you with tho vulgar Insistence of a blllboarb
as you pass. Being still human and still
loving domestic privacy In our hearts, wo
have transferred all our gardons out back,
which, when you come to think of It, Is a
quaint result of tho campaign to make each
estate contribute to the general pleasure!
Wo are all back yard dwellers, now, for wo
still fence off from our neighbors, whilo
opening up our front yard to every casual
passerby. The best houso looks common
place when seen In all Its nakedness over a
strip of bare lawn. The average suburban
house looks positively Indecent either vulgar
or palnfujly homely. And no house has any
of the old charm of mystery, tho hint of a
pleasant privacy, tho glimpse of a bit of gar
den, tho pretty air of retiring away from
the traffic nnd watching tho world pass,
through tho vista of Its gate.
Homes Instead of House Plans
It is a very precious thing, this hint of
privacy, this charm of domestic retirement.
It cannot but react on the dwellers In the
house, on the passers along tho road. Per
sonally I am convinced that taking down tho
fences does moro to destroy that "sanctity
of tho home" the antl-suffraglsts are always
prating of, than tho ballot could ever do. At
any rate, by tearing down all fences and
walls and hedges, wo have dono great Injury
to tho appearance of our towns and suburbs,
we have bartered what should bo their right
ful beauty for a row of glorified billboards,
either advertising the wealth of the house
holders or the varying tastes of tho archi
tects. Let us build fences once more, and walls,
and let us plant hedges and shrubs. Let us
dwell In homes Instead of house plans. If
wo aro to return to the fine domestic typo
of dwelling which flourished a century ago
we must remember that that type was in
complete without lt3 fence, unless It chanced
to be flush up to a city curb. Even Lord
Timothy Dexter, of Newburyport, had a
fence around his dwelling, though ho did
have wooden statues of himself upon the
fence posts.
If you love your friend better than your friend
loves you.
Do not grieve with the pain of prldel
Know yourself fortunate.
You are the happier of the two.
For It Is good to be loved:
It Is better to love.
It Is sad to be hated:
It is sadder to hate.
You are as weak as your hate is strong.
Tteflolve it to nothing!
Hate is a costly thing and not worth the price.
You are as strong as your love Is strong.
Let It take in the whole world,
Some as your heart's dearest,
Many as your brothers and sisters.
All as worthy a kind thought, a salute and a
comradely touch of the hand.
Ethel Marjorle Knapp In the Craftaman.
ually filled It, but as the filling progressed the
sea bottom slowly sank. Sometimes there was
a pause In the sinking, and at other times there
were even upward movements which temporarily
lifted the sea floor entirely out of water; but
In the main the movements ware downward
until a relatively recent prehlstorlo time, when
an upward movement cau&ed the strand lln
to retreat to Its present position.
In the pands and clays whloh filled this down
ward sinking ocean basin, salty ocean waters
were entrapped and burled, and these waters,
now more or less mixed with land derived
waters, were encountered at various depths in
the Charleston well; they are referred to as
"fossil waters," because they have been locked
in the earth and prevented from circulating,
Although practically motionless, these fossil
waters are under heavy hydraulic pressure
due to the weight of the waters which have
percolated from the landward direction down
through the seaward dipping sand layers. When
the sands containing the fossil waters are tap
ped by wells the hydraullo pressure forces the
water up through the drill hole to the surface,
thus producing flowing artesian wells. The
water from the 2000-foot level at Charleston
shows only slight indication of having been
mixed with sea. water, but the waters from
some of the higher levels contain enough of
the ancient sea. water to give them a distinct
salty tastt.-Bulletln of United States Geological
Jm Z-' I'M 1
(1) Metropolitan "Tho Twilight Sleep In
(2) Ladles' World "Both Sides of tho
(3) McCIuro's-"Twllight Sleep In Amer
MOTHERS and babies have been a sourco
of inspiration to the painter, tho poet
and tho sculptor for centuries. A dozen of
the greatest masterpieces of all time aro
Madonnas. Many of the most famous and
beloved lyrics ever written aro lullabies and
poems to motherhood. This flattering ro
sponse of tho world of art has not been
paralleled in other fields among the sci
ences, for instance.
In tho world of medicine, of research and
discovery, there has, Until the last few years,
been llttlo progress In tho understanding
and caro of that universal and agonizing
ordeal of childbirth. This Is especially truo
in comparison with the progress mado In tho
fields of surgery, anesthetizing, sterilization,
etc. In so far as theso Independent dis
coveries are applicable, they havo been ap
plied, and overy medical library Includes
volumes on obstetrics. But aside from tho
general advance In tho practice of medicine,
theso books show practically no records of
Improvement in tho methods of handling
theso cases. Through the centuries, while
pain has been so enormously relieved and
alleviated in other directions, every mother
has been called upon to enduro much tho
same terrlblo agony that Is suggested In tho
solemn curso laid upon Eve In tho garden
of Eden, when God said, "I will greatly
multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in
sorrow thou shalt bring forth children."
This feeling has lain dormant among many
women, half realized, to bo brought to full
consciousness by tho attitude shown toward
the discovery of twilight sleep. Many doc
tors nro today Indorsing it publicly, after
having denounced and scoffed at It only last
fall. They now admit that they had not
taken the troublp to investigate thoroughly
and carefully. Their reconsideration was due
to tho publicity given the matter In the
magazines and consequent Insistence of tho
women of the country that it have a
fair trial. After several months of lull, tho
magazines burst out with several articles
on the subject. Mary Boyd and Marguerlto
Tracy, the two women who wrote the origi
nal article In McClure's lost June, have an
article in the Metropolitan for March (1):
The war and twilight sleep were the two news
features of the fall of 1314. The subjects
stood out Btrlklngly against each other; on the
one "hand, the brutalizing and cheapening of
human life by war; on the other, the humaniz
ing and safeguarding of llfeglvlng by painless
birth; one representing the hopeless past;
the other the hopeful future; one repre
senting the obedient acceptance of military
authority by men; the other representing the
repudiation of medical authority by women. For
In the violent controversy over painless child
birth, which broke out In medical Journals upon
the popular presentation of the subject In gen
eral mnzazlnes, the laywomen of America took
a silent but effective part; had. Indeed, the last
word. The force of their demand sent the doc
tors to Freiburg. This sending of the doctors
is the first big thing that the American women
accomplished by their persistent demands on
Individual doctors.
In the fall these doctors returned to America.
The discussions whloh had been so vituperative
In the medical press were taken up open
mlndedly In the monthly meetings of obstetrical
societies by the men who had been to Frleburg.
One by one American obstetricians who have
been experimenting have come round. Where
they failed a number of years ago, they are
now succeeding. They are analyzing their re
sults, and they ascribe their early failures to
variability In the drug which they used, and
to lack of any guide In the. regulation of dosage
to the Individual patients.
Drs. McPherson and Harrar, In a report on a
series of 100 cases delivered under twilight sleep
In the Lylng-In Hospital, of New York, write:
"A phenomenon as Interesting as the twilight
sleep Itself Is that detailed descriptions of the
technique which has been followed closely in
this study have lain idle In the literature for
six years, with no one taking advantage of
them. Those who did make trial of the pro
cedure (the narcotic, that is), wandered far
afield, both In method and In the object, to be
There Is probably no local or national medical
body In America which has not had a session or
many sessions on twilight sleep. The full
records of most of these will not be published
for many months, but we know that only In
one city did the body of medical men officially
disapprove the agitation for twllght sleep. This
was in the Medical Society of Milwaukee County,
which condemned the whole Idea in a sweeping
resolution, without discussion. Three days later
the Women's Association of the Milwaukee
Maternity Hospital put itself on record In an
emphatic resolution condemning the action of
this society.
D4. W, W. Knlpa and J. O. PoUk, both
of New York, report two groups of cases. These
men are among those who went to Freiburg last
summer; both at also among those who had
tried and failed with seopolamln. morphine in
tho past nnd discarded It as i)anr.... n-.t.
nserlbo their early failuro to ignorance 'of the
Freiburg technique Doctor Polak writes:
"Wo contend a woman Is entitled to the relief
of pain during labor if she can get It without
tinduo risk cither to horself or the child. We
no longer ask our patients to submit to surgical
operations without ether or gns. You say labor
Is a normal and physiological process; one
wouldn't think so after 10-odd years of con
jiiltatlon In obstetrics in Brooklyn and New
York. Over E0 per cent, of all our gynecology
Is the result of badly conducted physiological
labor. Poor diagnosis In labor Is more frequent
than in nny department of medicine and Bur
gery, except, perhaps, cancer. Tho practitioner
has not made tho progress In tho art of ob
etetrlcs diagnosis and procedure that ho has In
other branches, or he is blinded by the dictum
that It Is all a normal process."
What Some Men Say
This frank and open attitude of Doctor
Polak Is In striking contrast to tho point
of view of some doctors and ministers quoted
In tho Ladles' World (2):
Letter from well-known Methodist clergyman
to a physician who is using twilight sleep with
buoccbs: "For God's Bake, Dr. L , do not urge
tho use of this agent In obstetrics. You are op
posing God Almighty; for hath he not said to
woman, 'In pain shalt thou henceforth bring
forth thy young'? If you perslt In Introducing
this agent, God will surely punish you."
Dr. J. J. Kindred, of Long Island City, writes:
"My mother and others of her day managed
to do without It. Childbirth Is no Joyrldo under
any circumstances. While in Europo I was on
my honeymoon, and did not stop to Investigate
twilight sleep."
Another doctor Is quoted as saying: "I know
of no moro pleasing sight than that of a strongly
built woman giving birth to a first child with
Btrong and painful birth pangs."
Constance Lcupp and Burton Hendrick,
writing in McCluro's (3), say:
The fact Is that It was "not until the latter
half of the year 19H that American obstetricians
gave the Freiburg treatment a genuine trial.
In tho last eight months there have probably
been 3000 scopolomln-morphlno babies born In
the United States, one-third as many as Frei
burg 1ms had In 10 years. In all the largest
cities representative obstetricians nre using the
method. In the early days the rumor started
that scopolamin-morphlno caused Insanity
among mothers. Evidently the story was In
tended as a hoax, since It rested on the supposed
assertions of a New York physician, who after
ward disclaimed responsibility for the state,
ment. Strangely enough, this ridiculous Idea
has gained considerable currency, and actually
prevents many women from accepting tho treat
ment. It may caus0 temporary aberrations, as
ether nnd chloroform do, but these always pass
off as the drug Is eliminated from the system.
From the Ohio State Journal,
An Incentive to following this advice Is a
couplet by Dorothy 'urner. as follows:
You are nearer to God in a garden
Than anywhere else on earth.
And so It is a sort of religion to make a gar
den. If then you Ignore church religion or
Bible religion, do not neglect garden religion.
It Is no whim. The best psychology supports
the Idea. The fact Is, If you are mixed In your
thoughts and are filled with doubts, make t
garden, nnd you will find your whole Intel
lectual atmosphere brightened. By whstf
"Some call it God."
I pray for peace; yet peace Is but a prayer.
How many wars havo been In my brief yearsl
All races and all faiths, both hemispheres
My eyes have seen embattled everywhere
The wide earth through; yet do I not despair
Of peace that slowly through far ages nears,
Though not to me the golden morn appears;
My faith is perfect in time's issue fair.
For man doth build on an eternal scale.
And his Ideals are framed of hope deferred;
The millennium came not; yet Chrlct did not
Though ever unaccomplished Is His word;
Him Prince of Peace, though unenthroned, we
Supreme, when In all bosoms He be heard.
Oeorga E, Woodberry, In North American Revliw.
Seated one day at the organ,
I was weary and 111 at ease,
And my fingers wandered Idly
Over the noisy keys.
I knew not what I was playing,
Or what I was dreaming then;
But I Btruck ono chord of muslo
Like the sound of a great amen.
It flooded the crimson twilight
Like the close of an angel's psalm.
And it lay on my fevered spirit
With a touch of infinite calm. '
It quieted pain and sorrow,
Like love' overcoming strife;
It seemed the harmonious echo
From our discordant lite.
It linked all perplexed meanings
Into one perfect peace,
And trembled away into silence
As if it were loathe to cease.
I have sought, but I seek It vainly,
That one lost chord divine.
Which came from the soul of the organ.
And entered into mine.
It taty be that death's bright angel
Will epeak in that chord again-
It may be that only In heaven
I shall bear that grand amen.
JL4llds FW5t9