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EVE&IM kEDGEBPHIEADEi;:PHtA 8ATTTBBAT FEBftTTABY 27, 1915?
' PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
CtBUd It. ft. CURTIS, PaiHtus.
.. Churl H.Ludlnmen. Vfcel'ridnt; John C. Martin,
FMwtarJ' and Trtaauren Philip B. Collins, John II.
EDiTontAti bo Ann :
Oic It. lv. Coarts Chairman.
ft IX. WHAtiEr Executive Editor
i . I. i i i ii
JOHN C. MAnTIis". General tJuilneia Manictr
.mi . i i i i i i ii i
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riiiLAUELrniA. Saturday, i r.nnuAitr 27. 1915.
Habit is not a small thing it is what binds
us in chains impossible to bicak.
Russia Will Get Out to the Mediterranean
RUSSIA'S ambition Is about to bo realized.
Sho has hnl Constantinople In her grasp
more than once, and the Powers havo forced
her back. But Sir Edwnrd Groy has an
nounced that tho British are now In sympa
thy vlth the Russian desire to get an nutlet
to tho Mediterranean, and Franco and Rus
sia aro In such close accord that if Russia
gets Into Constantinople this time sho will
Tho British fleet in the Mediterranean Is
now actively co-operating with tho Russian
strategists to destroy tho German-Turkish
control of tho Dardanelles and tho Bosporus.
"With these straits opon from tho Black Sea
to tho Mediterranean, Turkey In Europe is
doomed. Constnntlnop... will fall, nntl tho
Russian navy can pnss freely from Russian
Black Sea ports Into warm water. Tho great
grain supplies gathered at Odessa can bo sent
to Franco and England for feeding tho
armies, and 10 power of tho Turk to harass
the Allies In tho rear will bo destroyed.
Russian control of Constantinople and the
outlet to tho Black Sea will solve three
fourths of tho Asiatic questions. It will re
lieve the Russian pressuro on Persia, India
and China, and mark tho consummation of
the plans of Peter tho Great when he turned
his back on sla and faced tho west.
Fight in the Open
THE apparent determination to force tho
local option flght Into tho open is based
on wise strategical principles, It tho Gov
crnbr sets forth his arguments In support of
tho county-unit plan in various parts of the
State; If his supporters organize the senti
ment in favor of the plan; if the bill Is do
bated in public In Harrlsburg, and If tho
supporters and opponents of It aro compelled
to put themselves on record In full view of
tho public in tho General A'ssembly instead
of in committee rooms behind closed doors,
the prospects of the passage of the bill will
be brilliant indeed.
The bill can bo knifed In tho dark. It 13
in danger of such a fato unless every local
optlonlst who cares more for local option It
self than for some special way of getting it
insists with all his might that every step
of Its progress through the Legislature shall
be In the full light of day.
Philadelphia Is Not Yet Reno
ONCE more jt has been demonstrated that
tho laws do not matter so much as the
men who enforce them. Desertion for two
years Is ground for divorce in this State.
And there aro other grounds in tho law
which would permit the divorcing of hus
bands or wlve3 on trivial pretexts if the
courts chose to interpret the statutes loosely.
But Judge Patterson, in denying a divorce
on tho ground of desertion, has established
the fact that Philadelphia Is not Reno and
that Pennsylvania is not Nevada.
Tho Judge found that tho parties to tho
proceeding had separated by mutual consent
and he holds that tho law never Intended to
permit the dissolution of the marriage tie
under such circumstances. Desertion, to
come within tho meaning of tho law, must
bo wilful and against tho protest of the other
party. So he has refused to dissolve tho
It la fortunate that this decision has been
made at this time, because the efforts of the
practical exponents of the trial marriage,
otherwise known as progressive polygamy,
to use the courts of this Commonwealth to
further their ends, have given to them an.
Prohibition Marching On
PUOHIBITIOK is marching steadily along.
Iowa goes Jnto the "dry" column, and the
Idaho Senate, by a vote of 23 to 6, has passed
a prohibition bill which the Governor de
clares he will sign. The Bishop of London,
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and others are pub
licly urging England to follow the example
set by Russia and France, and prohibit the
ale of spirituous liquors, at least during the
"Booze" is in a bad way. It has not very
many friends left The big corporations are
arrayed against Jt. The drinking man is be
ing pushed to one side. There is some one
else to take Ids Job, Economy and efficiency
are supplementing statute law. They pro
hibit whether- prohibition does or not.
The progress of prohibition is the more re
markable because Its advocates have been in
the main fanatical radicals. Yet, In spite of
them, the cause has marched along. Else
where liquor has persisted in remaining in
politics, and by opposing wise remedial legis
lation, suph as local option, has succeeded In
getting Itself outlawed altogether. Perhaps
there wilt be more common sense displayed
In Pennsylvania by the liquor adherents, al
though there has been nothing' yet to Indicate
t In tho course they have pursued.
High Coat of Waste
IT MAS been possible to And out wjthln
raonabie. limits the cost of fire waste In
: jt"8B United States, and It amounts to tens
mt milllwur ot dollars annually. It is not pos-s-ibte
to form any dependable estimate of the
vast of American waste In kitchens and
M'M WW bowjever, IHat a large per
iSKjiiiii of Busjar Is absolutely thrown away
kagMtto people are too lazy to stir the bev
Mg i wht.-h thy put the substance AI-i-tai
evjy tup t coff$0 srvd In a. res
imitnu 1 J4 ?n t'rnwterit4 ami the cup gees
:;.,... .. thi. lutf.fcwi Wijj a quantity of sugar
- ' ' '.t iiuUiMt. V?. W MregtgaJ is tk
uso of salt, of bread, Of meat, of milk, of
sauces, of vegetable, of all things which hu
man beings consume. Tho water waste Is
enormous. Even people who havo meters use
water without thought of tho cost.
The American people throw away every
day enough food to feed an ordinary nation.
They discard enough perfectly good clothes
lo clolho tens of thousands. It Is not nil
waste, of course, for it means moro buying,
and more buying means moro business, and
moro business means more prosperity. If all
were thrifty our factories could not bo kept
busy. Vet there Is a happy mean between
extravagance and thrlftlessncss. Other and
older nations have found It. Perhaps a few
hard winters may bring us to a realization
of tho value of wise frugality.
The Truth, the Whole Truth nnd Nothing
but the Truth
THE demands on tho charity of Philadel
phia havo been unprecedented this win
ter. They havo been mot, too, In nn unpre
cedented way. To every legitimate demand
there has been a generous answer. How much
suffering has been prevented cannot bo told,
but hundreds nnd thousands of women who
havo publicly and privately glvon their per
sonal attention t- the relief of tho needy and
come Into direct contact with tho necessities
of tho situation know something of tho
privation which has been averted.
A practice In high favor with plundering
polltclans Is to cxcorlato men who stand
on tho battle line nnd fight against fraud
In municipal affairs. "You uro blackening
Philadelphia," they cry. "For tho sake of
tho city tlo not tell the ttuth about us."
Naturally they are afraid of publicity. The
reputation of Philadelphia for everything ex
cept politics needs no vindication, as tho test
of its charity bIiows. Its good namo, so fat
as politics is concerned, depends entirely on
tho bravery and assiduity of those who paint
tho thing as it is nnd work In season and
out of season, not to hide conditions, but to
make, them so good that no Phlladelphlan
need fear to let tho world know of them.
That is real civic patriotism, tho kind of up
building that counts, tho best sort of good
Men who fear that their community will
suffer If tho truth about them is told aro
very good men to tell tho tVuth about.
The Child as an Anchor
TF I COULD only got my littlo girl again
JL I could keep straight," a woman gono
wrong remarked after sho had promised not
to yield to her appetite to drink again.
Every mother will understand tho feeling
which prompted this pathetic plea. There is
no surer anchor to hold a woman in tho safo
harbor than the love of her own littlo child.
Experienced and wlso workers among the
social wrecks havo learned this. They hcsl
tato a long time before they take a child
away from Its mother, because they know
that the maternal Instinct to guard the child,
to protect It from the mistakes that girls are
apt to make and to bo worthy of Its respect
when It grows up Is so powerful that If there
Is a spark of womanliness left In tho heart
ot the unfortunate tho appeal of tho child
will bo potent to kindlo It Into a flame.
It has happened that when a young babe
belonging to another woman has been put
In the arms of an apparently depraved
wretch, tho clinging hands, tho three-cornered
smile nnd tho trustful look In tho In
fant eyes have been enough to draw tho
woman back to herself. It is the most won
derful thing In tho world. All tho forces of
socloty, therefore, should consplro to keep
mother and child together for tho good of
both. This Is the unanswerable argument In
favor of mothers' pensions nnd against tho
rearing ot the children of the poor In bar
racks, whence tho mother Idea Is banished
as though it were pestilential.
"If T could only havo my little girl again
I could keep straight for her sako" Is an ap
peal that ought to move even a heart of
End of the "Plucking Board"
ALL that remains between the "plucking
xjl board" nt.d dissolution Is a veto by the
President, and that Is not at all likely. Tho
melancholy spectacle of tho retirement of
ahle officers, fully competent mentally and
physically, for no other reason than to glvo
quick advancement to men lower down on
tho lists, long ago disgusted the nation. That
Congress, too, has become weary of such ex
travagant waste of good material is encour
aging. It has been broadly intimated that more
than one o nicer of distinction has been the
victim of spite or personal unpopularity In
the service. Moreover, it has been fairly
well established that some "plucking boards"
have exceeded their authority, either nega
tively by declining to pay attention to rec
ords, as required by law, or affirmatively by
considering representations which they were
not authorized to consider.
Hereafter, perhaps, tho nation will con
serve Its human assets In the navy and get
full service from them, and officers who nre
professionally efficient need not fear that
either gossip or prejudice will throw them
out of the service at a time when they are
of maximum value to the country.
The general verdict aeems to be that a man
cannot be a spy and married at the same
Japan Is perfectly willing to taka over the
control of China while tho rest of the world
Is looking the other way.
When "Billy" Sunday preached on the real
feminine Interests 60,000 woman rushed to
hear him In a single day.
The British did not win thejr mastery of
the sea by reducing the rank of the ad
mirals who wanted to take their fleet out to
flght the enemy.
v Spain la not looking forward to disarma
ment after the conclusion of peace. Its Par
liament has Just authorized the building of
E9 new warships.
It did not need a special congressional com
mittee to discover that Philadelphia la the
best place for an armor plate factory, Pri
vate capital discovered that long ago.
What the city needs is not Councilman
ejected on an. Independent ticket so ruueh
Councllmen who arp their own masters,
on whatever ticket they may be eieeted
Indictment of the New Haven Railroad di
t wjtors to getting so common that the morn
tms JWPM aro hardly complete it they do
Ht cuii um tbe announcement of a new
e)uurf aftlwt t&we.
Webster's Reply to Haync, Instead
of Being an Extemporaneous
Speech, as It Seemed to Be, Was
Really thJ Product of a Lifetime.
By JOSEPH H. ODELL
THE prizes of tlfo go to those who nre pro
pared to grasp them. Opportunities nre
plentiful enough, but thoy bring rewards only
to such ns have trained themselves to see nnd
to selzn them. What scorns lo bo n strok
of unforeseen or unmerited good fortuno Is
generally the recompense of long and careful
Tho greatest speech of modern times was
Daniel Webster's reply to Hayne, it may
have nppearcd to be an extemporaneous ef
fort when delivered, a sudden outburst of
Inspired genius; yet It was simply tho culmi
nation of specialized study. At eight years
of ago Webster bought In a country storo a
cotton hankerchlof with tho Constitution of
tho United Stntos printed upon it. That
night, beforo the blazlnsr firo on tho hearth,
he began to learn It, and In a short tlmo had
committed overy sentence to memory. From
that hour he was a collector of everything re
lating to tho American Constitution. He
steeped his mind In tho history of those prin
ciples which underlio our Government; ho
made constant notes upon his most impor
tant conclusions. Wlion Hayno made his at
tack upon Now England, Webster was ready
to reply. He had mado a profound and pro
longed study of the questions Hayne raised;
In his desk he had notes that covorcd every
point. "1 was already posted," Webster said
later, "and had only to tako down my notes
nnd refresh my memory. In other words, If
ho had mado a speech to fit my notes ho
could not have hit It better."
Whitney Mado His Own Tools
No ono can estimate tho immonso wealth
nnd happiness brought to tho cotton-growing
States of tho South and to tho whole world
by Ell Whltnoy's lnvontlon of tho cotton gin.
That Invention was tho result of a habit con
tracted years beforo. As soon as ho could
handle a tool tho boy Whitney began to mako
something. Ono Sunday, when his father
was at church, Ell took his parent's watch
piece from pleco and had It together again
beforo ho returned home. Tho youngster
mado knives for tho family table, constructed
violins, and when he wanted to do a piece
of work for which ho had no tools ho calmly
mado tho tools first. Whenover an emer
gency nroso In which something was de
manded which was not in existence, young
Whitney Immediately undertook to mako it.
Some years later, In Gcorgin, when tho need
of a machine for cleaning cotton in largo
quantities was apparent, ho said: "I will
Thomas A. Edison very early mado it a
rule to scrutinize overythlng ho saw or
touched for possible discoveries. Ills habit
ot carefully testing tho quality nnd uses of
even the commonest things led to tho carbon
filament. For months ho hnd been thinking
and experimenting along a certain line, and
one day ho scraped somo soot from a black
ened lamp chimney. True to his Investigat
ing habit ho began to test Its properties and
forecast Its possibilities. It turned out to bo
tho very substanco for which ho had been
looking, and it led tho way to the Incan
The Habit of Asking "Why?"
Again, tho habit of asking "Why" when
anything unusual or unexpected camo up In
his work led to the Invention of tho phono
graph. "I was singing Into tlu mouthplcco of a
telephone," says Mr. Edison, "when the vi
bration of tho volco sent tho flno point into
my finger. That set me thinking. If I could
record the actions ot the point and send tho
point over the same surfacp afterward, I
saw no reason why the thing could not bo
done. I tried the experiment first on a slip
of telegraph paper, and found that tho point
mado an alphabet. I shouted tho words,
'Hello! Hello" into the mouthpiece, ran tho
paper back over the Bteel point, and heard a
faint 'Hello! Hello! in return. I there and
then determined to make a machlno that
would work accurately, and gave my assist
ants Instructions, Informing them of my dis
covery. They laughed at me. But I mado
them set to. That's tho wholo story. Tho
phonograph, or sound recorder, Is tho result
of the pricking of a needle."
Yes; but it would have been a pin prick
only to most men; to ono who had trained
himself to follow up every Indication and ex
haust every possibility it was tho call of
opportunity; tho secret Is not in the piercing
point, but In tho prepared and alert mind
Every one today Is comparing tho generals
of tho present war with thoso of tho past.
It was by a methodical arrangement of
everything with a view to a possible crisis
that mado Count von Moltke the perfect
master of the situation when the Franco
Prussian war broke out more than to years
ago. Hostilities were declared at midnight
after Von Moltke had gone to bed. An of
ficial awakened him to communicate the
news. The great General did not even get
up. He said quietly: "Go to pigeonhole No,
in my safe, take the paper numbered
from it and telegraph as there directed to
the different troops of the empire." He then
turned over and went to sleep, awakening
the next morning at his accustomed hour.
Every one else in Berlin was excited and
rushing about with feverish haste, but Von
Moltke took his morning walk as usual.
A friend met him and said:
"General, you seem to be taking It very
easy, Aren't you afraid of the situation? I
should think you would be very busy,"
"Ah," replied Von Moltke, "all my work
for the time being has already been per
formed, and everything that can be done now
has been done."
Nature is very exacting. Our powers are
given us for use; If for any reason they re
main unused they are taken from us. Non
use Js misuse, misuse Is abuse; and by a
law which knows no exceptions men suffer
for such folly, Even at the advanced age
of SI, Gladstone worked and studied ten
hours a day in order to hold hla own; Paga
nlnl. the famous violinist, when at, the height
of his fame, practiced eight hours each day,
"For," he said, "wlthout'lt my skill will pass
Too Lata to Got Ready
Life's oppqrtuntles come suddenly. When
thfiy arrive tnelr demand Is Immediate; they
allow no time for preparation. Recently a
man wa offered a very lucrative and honor
able position, It way assumed that he was
ready 40 till it. lie ked the directors If
they eould give ijlgj six months In wbiah to
prpar fr tfcjt Iw sphere; this wa im.
nnoaibla. aad anothv HUeA tUe nla.es. in
pefcUitf aX It lff th aUappoUiUrf mar, ad- i
mltted that it was his own fault. Ho had
failed to gather a Icnowlcdgo of Just ono
branch of tho work required In tho new posi
tion. "If," ho said, "I had used tho tlmo I havo
spent In attending the theatre and reading
novels during tho past two years I would
havo been ready."
When tho foreman of a shop is promoted
to a supcrlntcndcncy or a partnership, tho
firm cannot wait whllo a man prepares for
tho vacancy; If there Is a man In tho estab
lishment whose ability and knowledgo aro
ahead of tho rest, who has applied himself
to placo his practical skill upon a scientific
basis, who ha3 developed Ills powers of ob
servation and application by careful study,
that man will rccclvo tho promotion.
Employes of any rank or grade who do
only Just enough work to hold their present
positions never reach higher ones, and In a
few years usually sink still lower. Each gen
eration Is a littlo better educated than tho
ono preceding It; younger men come forward
who aro moro alert nnd vigorous, and by tho
tlmo a worker is BO he finds himself out of
dnto unless ho has studied and npplled him
self Industriously to master his work In overy
detail, theoretical as well as practical.
Toward mlddlo Hfo tho brain becomes set
and tho muscles lose their elasticity If they
aro not kept supple by exercise. Tho vast
majority of failures in any department of
labor or commerce or In tho professions oc
cur between tho ages of 15 and D5, not be
cause tho man Is unwilling to work at that
iime, uui occause, tnrough tho nonuso of
some of his faculties or tho partial uso of his
powers, ho has lost tho nrt of rapid adapta
tion. As a consequence ho loses what should
bo tho largo harvest of his later years sim
ply because ho has not prepared or trained
himself to reap it.
A PLATFORM FOR PROGRESSIVES
From the New Tork Sun.
A few days ago the Sun considered the need
of extending the minimum wage boon to the
farmers and their wives. A Buckeye friend
sends us a copy of the Toledo Times wherein
somo humorist, soaked In tho comic spirit of
contemporary political economy, politics nnd
sociology, creates the Farmers' Progressive
party and endows It with a platform wherefrom
wo cull these Instructive "pledges":
A guaranteed yield per aero for all crops
Planted (the State to make up any deficit).
A guaranteed minimum price for all farm
An eight-hour day for farmers' wives
(the State to furnish extra help when re
quired to Insure eight-hour day).
Ono (1) full day's rest in seven for farm
ers and farmers' wives, and Saturday half
Animal Insurance for all domestla animals
(chickens In the South excepted).
Klnetoscope service at all district schools.
Guaranteed dry weather during harvest.
Guaranteed maximum of 10 days' drought.
A Federal commission to determine what
other laws can be passed to make life easier
and moro enjoyable for farmers and their
wives and children,
The Toledo blade may be even sharper than
he seems. Every ono of these "planks" may
well find a place In a party platform. The mora
absurd, the more likely. And why shouldn't
Btate or nation guarantee the weather Just as
it is asked to guarantee bank deposits?
We are living, we are moving In a grand and
wondrous time, when levltatlon by one's boot
Btraps Is become an ordained and a statutory
A BATTLE SONG OF TRANSIT
To ih Editor of tha Evening Ltdjer:
Sir From your paper;
"Who will write a transit 'Marseillaise,'
calling the freemen of the city 'To Arms!' "
My plumage has always been "Made In Amer
ica," so I am not going to copy a foreign song.
If you will find space for this I shall be glad.
Tho Fight Is On
We will not yield our transit plan,
Councilman, O Councllmen!
Think not to thwart an honest man,
Councilman, O Councllmen!
In autos ride your kith and kin.
Ws working people have to win
Tha "Ia" to do our speeding In,
Councllmen, O Councllmen!
The flght Is on; we will not yield,
Councllmen, O Councllmen I
We call your schemes a coward's shield, ,
Councilman, O Councilman!
To arms! To arms! ye freemen all,
Like true men fight; 'tis duty's call.
Ahl Sea how fast your schemers fall!
Councilman, O Councllmenl
M. Q. ROBERTSON.
Philadelphia, February 25.
"Tomorrow," he promised his conscience, "to
morrow I mean to be good;
Tomorrow I'll think as I ought to tomonow
I'll do as I should;
Tomorrow I'll conquer the habit that holds
me from heaven away,"
Bat vr his conscience repea.Ua one word, ana
one only: "Today."
Tomorrow, tomorrow, tomorrow, thus day after
day t went onj
Tomorrow, tomorrow, tomorrow, till youth, lilts
a won, was gone;
Till aga and passing had wrlttan the messag
of fat on his brow.
Aa4 forth front hla shadow came death wttb
th pltiiwa syllable. "Now "
Rapid Transit, Philadelphia's
Subjects Discussed Opinions on Matters of
To tht Editor of tha Evening Ledger:
Sir Ono tveakness of tho human family Is
tho causo of wars, nnd is mainly responsible
for Industrial evils. I refer to tho trait In
herent In almost all peoplo that Is nptly de
scribed by tho expression, "each crow thinks
Its own tho blackest."
Men hug delusions and cherish weaknesses.
They tako pride In family, party afllllatlonB,
religious beliefs and other things. They np
poar to think they havo a first mortgago on a
political or religious belief. Attack tho Demo
cratic party and you offend a Democrat, speak
111 of any particular religious belief and you
offend thoso who so bcllovo.
No man who follows party leadership can
ever hope to understand our Industrial prob
lems, nor can one who thinks "his own crow
tho blackest." ORIGINAL THINKER.
Paulsboro, N. J., February 24.
KEEPING THE STREETS CLEAN
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir In traveling the length nnd breadth of
Philadelphia, It is distressing to see tho un
tidiness of tho irtrcats of what was onco a
primly tidy city. There are many unemployed
who could bo regularly engaged in removing
debris from tho streets and sldowalks, which
could bo gathered and placed in proper recep
tacle"! for removal.
Quantities of looso paper aro flying wherover
the "wind llsteth," or lying in unsightly heaps
In gutters, or against fences and buildings.
When waste, particularly loose paper, etc., Is
placed on the street for removal it Bhould be
tightly bound to prevent escape, and collectors
should bo enjoined to avoid scattering.
Philadelphia, Fobruary 24.
UNDER TWO FLAGS
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Tliero are thousands nnd thousands of
Americans stnrvlng nnd out of work. Our so
called big men, to whom wo look for the pros
perity of America, certainly violate. In my es
timation, the American principles. Why should
this country send all her foodstuffs to the other
sldo and the so-called big men ralso the price
to make Americans paupers, when we havo
no guarantee what will befall the Stars and
Stripes later on?
Tho United States wants neutrality. Then
wo should stop everything from going nbroad.
So long as we continue in sending provisions,
clothing, armor and war material this war
will never stop. Whilst other nations are
working against this country, wo should pre
pare for ourselves or we will be an easy mark
for a foreign power. If America Is continually
starving Americans we shall be sickly nnd un
able to stand the hardships of war. I am not
In favor of any other country. I was born
nnd raised on American soil and under the
Stars and Striped. My motto is. Help Ameri
What has England done that she has tho
privilege of using our flag In her war? This
Is an outrage and wo should go after our head
people for allowing this. Must we do Eng
It has been published Great Britain had a
legal right to use our flag. If this be true, nra
we Americans and Englishmen with two flags,
or Is America a colony to England at present?
Son of a C.vIl War Soldier,
Philadelphia, February 23.
THE "FULL CREW" QUESTION
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir It has been Bald the full crew law, com
pelling tho railroad companies in the State to
spend $1,600,000 every year in wages to men
for whom there la no work, has levied a tax
upon railroad users. The Dauphin
County Court decided, after a fair hearing for
tha railroad companies, that these men were
required for the safe handling of these trains.
And the Supreme Court of the State upheld
tha decision of the Dauphin County Court
S. II, 8MITH.
rrelght Conductor, P, R. R.
Harrlsburg, Pa., February 15.
LIBERTY BELL NOT THE NATION'S
To the Editor W the Evening Ledger:
Sir I read with deep interest your editorial
in tho Evenino Lepobb, February 23, entitled
"Drawn to the Shrine" meaning Independence
HalL Willie waiting for the exercises attending
the ralalng of the flag from Kansas (011 Wash
incton'B Birthday) I saw ''many foreign-born
who have como hare to get what they could not
find abroad, move through Its halls and rooms
with reverent awe," Tho flag was resting In
a beautiful box. made of various woods, which
stood on a table near the platform. A stream
of children, mostly boys, clutching their caps
or hats in their hands, tiptoed up tha alsla
and gazed into the box with wondering eyes,
whlla many more, both old and young, stood
looklne reverently at the IJberty Bell. It was
Your editorial ended by aaying "Tha old Hall
Is a shrine in a real sense. It is tha roost
precious possession of this city and of this
continent." etc As I finished reading this and
recalled the throng at the State House the day
before, I thought how truly our Liberty Bell
Is a part of that "precious possession" Just
as much a part of it as tho tower, the stairs,
tha floors', the bricks! Why should wa b aekid
to send thU priceless rello on a perilous Jour.
nay any mora than tha table upon which tha
Declaration of Independence wan spread or tha
tnkatand. or the stairs, or any other of tha
previous possesions contained within ti!
satred "shrine"! Picture tha disappointment
of tbe thousands of pilgrims who come from all
parts of the globe to see this Bell, when they
reached Independence Hall, to be told that it
was not there f Thla Bell does not baton to
th nation, as soma hav )d, any more jhao
the HUta Houm do. It belong to Pennsyl
V5L&i, n4 lUa city chou'i leal hq pro of
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Historical Relics and Other Localfi
li n vtnc eimVi n.tiit flfl
...... .. ... icuu m us possess on thitlltl
should consider It a sacred duty to protect I
"j. numji 11 wnero u Dciongs in the "motfl
tinont " ' v""""' " """ K" ana "
DORA HARVET DBVELDiVl
avcsudi. .uciiun iuttiH-er, jjaugniera orytMS
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir-On tho first day of March tha MV?
Government will tako up In an aggressive rnfin
ner tho important work of restricting the idfl
of habit-forming drugs. The Government tUlef
mat it 13 now to bo much better equipped for,
this work than ever before, and it Is preSlcttl
max satisfactory results will follow tha an'
palgn which is to bo made.
Tho power possessed by the Oovernnttn
camo to It through tho passago ot a recent liirj
enacted as a revenue-producing measure, "It
will bo exercised through tho Internal HevnT
The law requires that overy person whoS
uucos, imports, manuractures, deals in, tell'
distributes or gives away any or all of i.'fcja
scribed list of habit-forming drugs to renter
with tho Collector of Internal Revenue In Mi
district and plaoo of business and to talce oat
11 licenso authorizing him to carry on inch
This Is a starter, but tho real punch llti'ia
tho rules formulated for tho aDDllcatlon of ttl
law. Every solo of narcotic drugs In wholesill,
must bo registered with tho Government, uJ
every retail salo must be recorded by the seller?
who is subject at any tlmo to an uneipccW
Investigation of his transactions, and timl
penalties In caso he has not kept the necessMI
record, all of which shall be public -i!
Prescribing physicians, veterinarians and d
tlsta are absolved from the stringent resolu
tion, but are required to comply with rules
which will servo to make them careful about
providing drugs. .Possession of drugi by aj
unlicensed person, who has not obtained tbi
uwuruuig 10 in 6 rules, is 10 do lancn u tvi;
donee of criminal intent. 11
It Is claimed that tha drug habit Is oa tha
Increaso In thla country. Any measure whlchj
may serve to clomp and check it deierres'ti
do npneia by lho puullo and enforced np
Dy tno omclals. DAVID steinueku,;
Philadelphia, February 19,
FAIR PLAY FOR THE PRESIDENT
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Although my former communication vu
not favored with publication, I venture to as!
plead for fair play for President Wilson. EverS
editor In tho land knows there was an immeny,
effort made to produce a panic and soup housel
as in 1833, to reverse tho verdict on the Urla
question by electing a Congress hostile to SH
Administration. Almost all observant pewW
know this as well as editors, but, of course, K
doesn't suit thoso who havo fed at the publlj
crib so long to sny bo, because 11 might tenf
to delay their getting there apiln, poMUW
through a new party. a
H.lrt lint tha hnuntlriil hnrveat COmfl fUOEI
the capitalists and corporations would fcaial
gatneu tne r point ot soup nouses. wa
.. ........ . ...-.a .lnm XI
mey cumimstiea tno circulating ,ur ?
much ns possible by unemployment, thui 1
pelllng those remaining to ao moro "u"",
usuat a double cut. It is unfortunate i4
must rate the seemingly charitable appeal im
imnmnlnvtrl In thin WupwlKn'a LEDOM M ?54T,
Ingenious effort to blame the Dmocratii Pj
conditions that are too usual at this ws.;S
.l -. .... nn.. ... , Aid neoveyzJ
ino year an me nine, viiu m ,' ,,,
wn,V7 KnrAlv Tint rnmorailuuB, .
l.ii. f. ... iront.crtont indUJUW
810 South St. Bernard street.
nt.IU4alnl.lit R'Ahrnnrv 17.
... i... in" mentioned.
1'j.no -rormer commu m" ... wriwl
this letter was published in the EYWgjI
Luna of January 28, with a note, Ml wu
forth that the views or this PPr..rug
President's attltuda toward u9.,gr?Sfof1
acy test were in bsb " - T-oawll
BETWEEN CUMMINS AND CLASS-
... . m j a. x..aufaM Y.mAntTt !
Blr-J, C. Hemphill, in the &
pays a aeaeryeu iriuuvo v- - -.,. meii"5l
can appreciate modesty In pur PUggl
peclaliy altar Ailing the highest !,
the gift of the Amelcan people, certunif
warm admiration ior -m
atiionni imnr w w ",, ,tl ihnil" out cf
Taft-that I., ha took a the bull .
"moose." ana r "-"::-, hl, pii
where he will never use the . ln 'L Wi
because Mr. Roosevelt Is pot B'n vi
America nor to Mexico, but wiu -
lively article in tha United States of A?
rVaca. Will bab.twa.noMr
jowa, tor me nmiiwii -r- 'vbea u
if Missouri, for tha Democrats. ?$
rest assured that whichever one or w
Is elected the people, win "-. M
tha Government will not enter '".
vineyard and ' tha MlarU . tcti,
!... n.i.1,1 ..! tha neoDle fo'fi" t,2
thj tarili and all about O.Mom
thJ saloonkeeper and vote V.wfjrfl
hr nratot- of the Platte. I ""
y ftanchtw t" UJ5Nby 8EV.rm
uasilJ. &ebu3y , 1