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EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, FEBEUABY 26, 101B..
JdHfimtufitoiii i itiwwi twiriiiiW iiiiaimiLH , -
PUBLIC lEDGEtt CdMPANY
binUa it. k. ctmtiB, rkwt.
. tMVjW It. t.U)lnton,Vlet,Mldnt:Jtin C Martin.
i-ttM hnd TrrasursrJ Philip 8. Collins, John B.
iv,itfmM'mt i n. .hi iiiiinJ i Hiiinj in
Ctxtts It. K. Ccans, Chairman.
I. l. TTHALeT........... .. nxtcntlre Bdltef
I ' ' . ' ' '
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I'llILADELPnlA, nilDAY, FEnitUAnV 26, 1913.
The demagogue might last a little longer it
he only mixed his buncombo
How to Scttlo the Full Crew Question
THE Now York Legislature, acting under
better advice than when Sulzer was Gov-
crnor, Is planning to repeal the full crew law.
Tho majority of the Senate has agreed on a
repeal bill, and the Assembly Is likely to fol
low the lead of the smaller house. The bill
provides that tho State Public Scrvico Com
mission shall havo Jurisdiction over tho slzo
of the crows operating trains, with power to
adjust It to tho needs of the traffic on tho
different railroads in the State.
Tho Public Service Commission was cre
ated to perform functions of this Bort. Thero
is a largo group of questions Involved In tho
regulation of tho railroads which cannot
properly be treated by inflexible legislation,
Juat as there Is a largo body of subjects
which should never bo regulated by pro
Visions in a Constitution. Tho principle may
be laid down very properly In tho laws! but
tho application of tho rulo that the railroad
trains should bo properly manned can safely
bo loft to a board of discreet men, Just as the
fixing of equitable rates In Interstate com
merce Is left to a board of men supposed to
to gifted with wisdom. Tho abuses of com
mission rulo are small In comparison with
the evils arising from the attempt of tho
Legislatures to prescribe the details of the
operation of railroads or of any other busi
ness. "We have a Public Utilities Commission In
this Commonwealth, created to secure fair
treatment of the employes of the railroads, as
WolJ as proper service for the public. Tho
reasons which are leading New York to com
mit the full crew question to its commission
run with equal force here, and ought to lead
to tho proper action In Harrlsburg.
Are "We Men or Just Burnt Mud?
WHAT to all appearances was a marble
wall, capped by a granite coping, has
surrounded Independence Square for years
They are tearing away this wall to replace It
With one in keeping with the Georgian archi
tecture of the Colonial period. And it ap
pears that it Is a wall not of marble at all,
.but of baked mud, with a thin veneer of mar
ble' respectnblllty presenting Its face to tho
Is this typical of Philadelphia? Is the cltt
xenry of this town baked mud, held together
by a mortar of dry sand, and faced with a
film of sremlng vigorous independence which
is easily pried off by the crowbar in the hands
of tho gang, leaving tho bricks to bo tossed
about at will? Are the voters of tho city
mero bricks in tho yard of contractor politi
cians, or are they men with Independent
Wills, and with courage to stand up and
smite the bosses who think they own them?
Who rules this city, the people, or a group
ef exploiting self-seekers?
The Conversion of Secretary Redfleld
IF AN effective law is passed preventing
foreigners from controlling our markets,
.Secretary Redfleld thinks that American
chemical works and American manufacturers
of dyestuffs could develop the dyestuff in
dustry so that we would be Independent of
Germany. American consumption of coal tar
dyes amounts to about $16,000,000 worth a
year and American production amounts to
' only $3,000,000 worth. The Pennsylvania coke
companies could produce coal tar In much
larger quantities if there were a market for it.
Secretary Redfleld has started In the right
direction, even though the law which ho
wants is one to prevent foreign trusts from
competing with American Independent pro
ducers. It matters not what form the dis
crimination against the foreigner takes; any
discrimination acts as a protective duty on
American products. Ab the Secretary of
Commerce lias admitted the soundness of the
principle as applied to dyestuffs, he may
therefore bo expected to withdraw his criti
cism of manufacturers who are insisting that
the removal of protection has seriously af
fected their business. Indeed, Mr, Redfleld
Is likely soon to become a high tariff advo
cate, for the convert usually goes to extremes
In his enthusiasm.
Italy Will Enter the War
PRINCE VON BUELOW, German Ambas
sador at Rome, so the report goes, has
notified Berlin that Italy has expended
tJOO,OQO,000 in war preparations since August
loot, wherefore action on har part is becom
ing' daily more imperative.
The high cost of bread and the increase, in
unemployment occasioned by the industrial
losses incidental to the great cataclysm
pidsa harder and harder on the masses, In
whom there has been evident for many days
u determination to redeem the nation's Jost
territory In Austria at this ripe period. Italy
t tattering from the war almost as much
an it wr6 an active participant. Yet the
notional interests and hopes can be realized
pny by aggressive action. In favor of one
fMo r the otie that Italy may have a volco
feei the drawing of new maps and the reappor
tionment of territory that Is certain to follow
Ry pursuing a wise policy of watchful
WE'ttns, Italy has been abjo to bring her
arUt might to tho highest point of excel
item 8M is amply provided with all tha
Wiit'MUHiO' & war- r troops are well
into lnltie. They fci a pur
pett 0 nit mi that which has urged
yiwi owrd to seure once mora Alsace
iii iwrajsv Italia. Irrsdsnta, In addl
iw tfefr Oawumiiet tads a declaration t
v. , 4ftai a. pwMHityt to tho malpiU
aro strong for participation. Tho lime has
come, they are convinced, whM Austria cah
be humbled and the ancient glory of th
Peninsula revived. The scales seem heavily
weighted In Italy's favor. More than that
by Joining with tho Allies now she can prac
tically decide tho contest and thus win for
hersotf a prestige and power never hereto
fore deemed possible
It has been evident for weeks that Italy
was certain to take tho fleld eventually. It
Is Just ns clear now that tho decisive Btep
Will bo taken in the near future, rromior
Snlandra hns given moro than ono intima
tion of tho inevitability of such action. Tho
entranco of Italy will chango the charncter
of the conflict, bo a mighty factor in haslon
,lng tho termination of tho war, and will
bring against tho amazing Gorman military
oxcollcnco a preponderance of power that
oven tho great Teutonic machine will not bo
ablo to overcome. Diplomacy, In so far nn It
may determine tho course of Italy, Is as Im
portant a factor In tho European military
situation as aro tho armies In tho field.
Let the P. It. T. Prove That It Stands by
pitRECTOn NORRIS pointed out at tho
-'' transit demonstration Wednesday night
that tho politicians at tho tlmo of the at
tempted gas steal In 1905 were not only at
tempting to "put ono over" on tho pcoplo of
Philadelphia, but also on the company Itself,
which was likewise unwillingly driven by tho
snmo politicians Into an apparent willingness
to bo tho beneficiary of the steal.
It Is not strange that suspicion has been
directed toward tho Philadelphia Rapid Tran
sit Company as responsible In fact for the
transit hold-up. Tho company Is on record
as agreeing to tho Taylor plan, subject to the
approval of tho Union Traction Company,
Yet there Is no public evidence to Indicate
that it has over at any tlmo attempted In
any way whatsoever to Influenco Its sub
sidiary to support the program.
It Is generally understood that the P. R. T.
can roll tho obstructionists out of tho way
by a slmplo declaration that It favors the
achievement of Its own agreement.
Said Director Norrls, and tho great ma
jority of citizens agreo with him:
If the ornclals of the Philadelphia Rapid
Transit Company are guiltless In this matter,
I now call upon them to disown this trick or
dinance reported to Councils, and I want them
to say to the public that they desire Councils
to pass the ordinances prepared by the De
partment of Transit and Introduced In Coun
cils. If they do not do this they have no Just
cause to complain of the present cjrowlno sus
plclon that they aro at the bottom of the
No sound objection, either In finance or
engineering, against tho Taylor plan has been
brought forward. Tho Influences which are
attempting to prevent rapid transit are selfish
and concealed. It Is necessary now for the
Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company to clear
its skirts and provo that It Is not tho War
wick that pulls the Btrlngs.
LIFE holds more enjoyment for tho young
J man or woman with many Interests than
for those who hold their noso to a single
grindstone. Terence, the Roman comic poet,
had the right Idea when he romarked that
as he was a man he was Interested In all
matters of human concern.
Not long ago one college president said at
the Inauguration of the president of another
Institution that It was time for men charged
with the education of tho youth to under
stand that young men do not go to collego
nowadays to become scholars, but to get a
broadening view of life, a certain social
training and a store of memories that will
last them to the end of their days. This was
putting Terence's poetry Into prose. It was
put Into 20th century business formula when
the late Cecil Rhodes provided In his will for
International scholarships at Oxford to be
enjoyed by young men who were, first, "good
fellows", second, fond of athletics, and last,
Thero Is consolation In these facts for thoso
who find It difficult to master their books.
Mnny a dull student Is companionable, makes
friends easily, or Is skilful In sports or apt
at mechanics. Such "all-round" qualities,
added to a small knowledge of books, havo
frequently been more valuable to a youne;
man thnn the specialty of the bookworm has
been to him.
While attention Is called to the Importance
of all-round qualities, the need of special
(knowledge of one's business must not be for
gotten. But a man may know all about the
technical part of his business and fall, If he
have not tho ability to get along with men
And a skilled student of human nature, who
draws men to him by the charm of his man
ner, If ho have ordinary diligence in business,
can frequently outstrip his rival who has
neglected an important part of his educa
tion. Shoes with cotton soles may be followed by
shoes made without any leather at all.
Warden Osborne says that the cells in Ring
Sing prison are not fit for pigs. But they
were not built for pigs.
Tho Prussians have taken Przasnysz by
storming tho consonants. The solitary vowel
then fell without resistance.
Women police officers In Chicago aro called
copettes, but they have not yet begun to call
the husbands of suffragists husbandettes.
Tho Allies have proclaimed a naval block
ade of German East Africa. They may be
expected to blockade German Samoa next.
The alarm clock maker agrees with the
President that the only thing worth while in
human Intercourse is to wake some one up,
i ' '
Sir Taft does not go far enough when he
says that the bane of America Is undigested
legislation. The real bane is the undigested
thinking that precedes tha legislation.
An anti-suffragist asks the Now York Sun
whether tho men will permit the women to
rule them- It is not a question of permis
sion, but of getting along under feminine
rule as best they may
Judge Gary thinks that those idle from
choice should be put to work. If ho would
only nod a way to get work for those Jdle
because they have no job he would earn the
gratitude of thousands.
miitam nH 1.1 i MlBfHaiai
Delaware is planning a mothers' pension
law. backed by an appropriation of J76W
This Is like promising' a good square meal to
a hwndrea starving men and men letting
them jnto a dining rooaa with about
for & on Vm tMi
HANDS OF ESAU
IN TERRE HAUTE
Tho "Organization" of the Indiana
City Browed a Muddy, Foul Concoction-
of Beer, Politics, Money,
Contracts and Patronage but
tho People at Last Refused, to
By IRWIN L. GORDON
"Tho Hnnds of Esau" aro as much a
menace In Indiana as they aro In Penn
sylvania, Tho Tnggart and Pcnroso hands,
wllflo dealing widely different national cards,
play thn same gamo at tho Stato and munic
ipal tables. It Is, of course, a gome of bi
partisanship, of political expediency, of pat
ronago and contract control.
Crawford Fairbanks, a man more than 70
years old, Is tho real political leader of Torre
Haute. Ho Is Tom Taggart's business part
ner. These mon built tho French Lick Hotel,
for which n Now York concern recently
offered $3,000,000. Tho place Is known ns
"The American Monte Carlo." Toggart now
owns tho Pluto water resort, and the tw
men continue to havo wldo business Interests.
Politics nnd Monoy Mnko Good Mud
Fnlrbanks made his money through tho
Terro Haute Browing Company. Tho brew
ery has a real cstato department, known ns
the Terre Hauto Realty Company, which
floats saloon mortgages. Fairbanks heads
this. Thus, with tho financial backer of tho
Democratic party In Indiana so deeply In
terested In conditions at Terro Haute, It bo
enmo necessary always to elect tho liquor
Terro Haute for deendes was a Republican
city. Vigo County, In which It la situated,
was tho snmo. As Fairbanks grow In power
nnd his beer beenmo popular In Indiana a
chango was noticed In tho political complex
Ion of tho region. Tho people gradually no
ticed that It made little difference who v.as
elected Republican or Democrat Fairbanks
always was master. That Is to say, John E
Lamb was master.
Tho Quay of Terro Hnuto
For nearly 25 years this man was tho Tag-gart-Falrbanks
lieutenant at Torre Hauto.
Ho was tho man named by President Wilson
as Minister to Mexico nt tho outbreak of tho
troubles In that country, death preventing
him taking his post. Lamb might bo called
the Quay of Terro Haute, for It was ho w ho
laid tho foundations for tho present machlnq
It was ho who represented tho railroads and
traction lines and dealt with the franchlso
grabbers. Lamb, howover, without tho Fair
banks monoy, could not hold power. After
20 years a break came, when Lamb could not
Induce Tnggart and Fairbanks to back him
In a fight to become United States Senator.
A new political figure roso on tho horizon
Donn M. Roberts. Hero appears tho first of
tho contractors. Roberts, an engineer-contractor,
chafed at tho refusal of political pre
frrment by tho Lamb-Fairbanks outfit.
Slowly he built a political machine, the malr.
spokes of which were John F. Nugent, a bi
partisan politician, who has since pleaded
guilty to conspiracy charges; Dennis Shea,
ex-saloonkeeper, who afterward became Sher
iff, nnd Is now under Indictment, nnd Richard
A. Wernicke, tho prosecutor in tho present
debauchery cases. Through Nugent he got
hold of tho City Council. Ho began organiz
ing a revolt ngalnst tho Lamb machine. At
flrst he was unsuccessful. His race for posi
tion was strikingly similar to that made by
William S. Varo against Penrose and Mc
Nlchol In the primary of 1912. Defeated, how
ever, this man did not Ho down, but fought
on to nn ultimate victory, which camo when
Fairbanks threw over Lamb and financially
backed Roberts The latter appointed him
self city engineer.
By a long series of political moves, Roberts
became county chairman. Lamb endeavored
to "come back" by forcing Mayor Gerhordt
to dlschargo Roberts as city engineer. For
a year n legal battle was waged. It Is sold
that the pnlltlclnn spent $20,000 In this con
test for a $3000 Job Thousands of the citizens
sided with Roberts, believing him to bo per
secuted by Lnmb nnd the former Mayor. A,t
any rate, they chose between lesser evils,
preferring Roberts to Lamb. About this time
tho older leader died Boberts becamo su
premethat Is to say, under Fairbanks.
Tho Piggeries by tho Wabash
Donn M. Roberts, whom virtually nil of the
87 men who havo pleaded guilty Implicate,
Is a master politician In fact, this man
comblne.s the attributes and accomplishments
of tho leading Philadelphia politicians to a
marked degree. Ho Is a type well known In
Ho Is a contractor, whose professional
work for tho city of Terre Haute stands as
a faulty monument to him. Much of his
strength has been acquired through the for
eign vote, Tho Little Italy of tho city be
longs to him; the Negro vote Is his, while tho
tenement sections of the city, the cheap
boarding ho-.ies and the saloons form the
nucleus of YSi power. Roberts Is responsible
for the pigs which grunt along the Wabash
River, as do the pigs in South Philadelphia.
Indiana Is famous for hogs, and no amount
of public sentiment against the animals has
been sufficient to Induce the politician to re
move them from the city boundaries.
Dr W. H. Roberta moved to Terro Haute
from Illinois when his son Donn was a child,
and eventually placed him in the Rose Poly
technlo School, Following his graduation,
the young man became an engineer and con
tractor. Starting in an humble way, he man
aged to obtain a few municipal contracts,
With no political backing, however, he fared
poorly at the municipal table, and carried his
business to Washington, D. C, w'jere he laid
several miles of sewers for the Government.
Roberts next became a, promoter. Ho se
cured the right of way for the Terre Haute
and Merom Traction Company, a line which
was to extend some 30 miles down the Wa
bash River. He formed tho United States
Construction Company and also the Fair
banks Trust Company, which was to finance
the proposition. He attempted to stave off
failure by Issuing scrip to his workmen. This
was discounted at 10 per cent, by saloon
keepers and grocers These men found that
the paper was worthless. Tho whole con
crn Went to the wall In 1607. and is still In
the hands of a receiver. Conrad Hernlg, one
of the men who discounted some $200Q of the
Roberts scrip, committed suicide.
Father Against Son
Roberts now saw that ho must havo politi
cal power to make money. With his father
ruined pocfor Roberts declares that his
son's ventures caused him tp lose J75.0QO and
tho estate, of his wife, assesed at $30,000. vlr
tually gone, tho engineer-contractor looked
toward politics as his salvation. He Anally
became tho big independent leader of Vigo
county mo rai bwi "o lunner Mayor
Bnd Jsbn E Lamb had attracted many elti- !
, wo bflyd ha was being jwlltkajiy t
persecuted. Said tho citizens:
glvo him n chance."
They did glvo him a chance, and It camo
Inst year. Roberts announced himself as n
Mayoralty candidate. His father was also
a candidate. During tho campaign ho bit
terly denounced his son. Roberts, tho
younger, won the nomination, and camo up
for election in the fall.
Hl slogan was "Reform." His boast was
that Lamb and his crowd would forever bo
driven from politics, and that tho corporation
control of the city would end when ho took
ofllce. He promised to force tho traction
linos to live up to their agreements with tho
city. Ho waged a fight for n "city beauti
ful." Economy was ono of his great cam
paign cries. Twenty-seven miles of city
streets must be paved, new sewers must bo
laid Terro Hauto must progress! Tho can
didate shouted for "tho will of tho people."
All this struck a popular chord.
While the candidate was preaching purity
from tho platform, his organization planned
a gigantic Btenl in tho Tenderloin. Enor
mous Bums of monoy wore being expended.
On registration day thousands of fraudulent
names were registered. Roberts and his
backers meant to elect tho ticket at all odds.
Thus, with a wldo public sentiment In his
favor, coupled with tho work In tho Tender
loin, ho was elected Mayor. He took offico
January 3, 19U.
Mayor Has a Farcical Trial
Roberts had no sooner taken his seat than
a contest tvns begun by tho decent citizens
to oust him. They saw ho had tricked thorn.
It was charged that 2500 fraudulent votes had
been cast by his machine. The Governor
was appealed to, but he would do nothing.
Joseph Roach, who had been pardoned by
Governor Marshall when serving a sentence
for killing a man, and who was a former
Roberts supporter now working with tho re
form forces, was appointed special prosecu
tor. A special Grand Jury was called and
evidence presonted This Jury was called by
Judge Charles M Fortune, a Fairbanks lieu
tenant. Donn M. Roberts was Indicted, to
gether with Marks Meyers, of tho Public
Safety Board; H. R. Redman, son of Judge
EH H. Redman; William Huffman, superin
tendent of cemeteries, and Edward Brown, a
Tho Roberts trial attracted tremendous at
tention. A few days beforo It occurred a
fako trolley strike was arranged to divert
public attention. This was pulled off by
"Bat" Masterson, who wns ono of the "break
ers" employed In this city during the lost
car strike. It was engineered by the Roberts
organization. Masterson Is now suing Rob
erts for $1000 In fees. Felix Blankenbakor,
an attorney, had been appointed special
Judge to try tho case. Attempts wero mado
to dynamite his house a number of shots
wero fired through tho windows of his bed
room. When tho Rohorts trial was called tho
courtroom was filled with thugs, who hissed
unfavorable testimony. The Judge could do
nothing. In fact, ho was so disgusted that
he cut short his charge to the Jury. Chalmers
M. Hamlll, who hns figured In the recent In
vestigation, and who was assisting Roaoh,
resigned. The Jury brought In a verdict of
"Not guilty." That night thero was a mon
ster red fire parade of the Roberts-Fairbanks
"A Year Under Nero"
Still, the good citizens of tho city did not
lose heart they began again to fight Rob
erts and his gang for the election frauds. The
case was brought beforo tho regular Grand
Jury. Judge Fortune called this Jury, too.
He was bent upon a political clean-up. Sud
denly, however, after the Jury had returned
indictments against the Mayor and a num
ber of his followers, the Judge cut short the
entire investigation and dismissed the Jury.
This did not happen until the papers an
nounced that a warrant had been Issued for
Indianapolis and Terre Hauto newspapers
published repeatedly a story of a meeting
held in the Denlson Hotel, the Democratic
headquarteis In Indianapolis, between Judge
Fortune, Crawford Fairbanks and Roberts.
It has been charged In public print scores of
times that a mortgage held by Fairbanks on
Judge Fortune's house was canceled and
that he was promised a position, which ho
afterward secured that of Probata Judge.
At any rate, the Investigation was off
Roberts and Fairbanks ruled supreme, and
Terra Hauto entered into what has been
called by the newspapers of the West, "A
year under Nero," Tho decent citizens gave
up hope the organization waB all powerfully
If one's intimate in love or friendship cannot,
or does not. share all one's intellectual tastes
or pursuits, that is a small matter Intellectual
companions can be found easily in men and
books. After all, if wa think ol It. most of
tho world's loves and friendship havo been
between people that could not read nor spell.
Ottver W8d Hetaw.
OUR HOPES TRIUMPHANT O'ER OUR FEARS
ARE ALL WITH THEE, ARE ALL WITH THEE !
BEST THOUGHT IN AMERICA j
DIGEST OF THE MAGAZINES
(1) Llfo "Letters of a Japanese
(2) Roedy's Mirror "'Billy' Sunday."
(3) Now Republic "Blinders."
(4) Town Topics "Saunterlngs."
(G) McCluro's "What It Means to Bo a
(0) Leslie's "Tho Trend of Public
(7) Atlantic Monthly "Social Service
and tho Churches."
ABOUT BEING GOOD
BEING good used to bo a solemn nnd boro
somo business. It meant reading pious
books liko Baxter's "Saints' Rest" and
Young's "Night Thoughts." It Involved
really worrying about one's soul and sitting
around tho house all day Sunday, except for
a couple of hours spent at church. It ex
communicated all such pleasant diversions as
dancing, theatres and playing casino.
In theso latter days, howover, goodness has
been popularized almost beyond recognition.
Whilo condemning tho legitimate theatres In
discriminately as "leg shows," "Billy" Sun
day provides a form of religious entertaln-
-... nlnaalu filrfr. n Vflllflfwlllf and ClUttB aS
diverting. As ono of our most startling mod-I
ern phenomena In tho goodness fleld, Sunday
might bo expected to pull down somo con
siderable attention from tho magazines, es
pecially In view of his almost Incredible suc
cess with the newspapers.
Roferenco to Poole's Index, howover, shows
that "Billy" Sunday has never broken Into
tho real magazine class at all. He has
never got beyond tho weeklies. According to
Poole's, "Billy" first appeared In print with
a notice In Collier's In 1011. Thero was noth
ing more In 1912, but In 1913 ho got another
notice In Collier's. Last year tho Outlook
gavo him two notices. This month several
of the weeklies aro mentioning him, but It is
Interesting to see that the notices nro all un
favorable, or elso Ironical.
Togo, Wallace Irwin's Japanese schoolboy,
writes most amusingly of Sunday In Life (1):
Wo are ushered into that religious hall
amidst plpo-organ playing "I'm Glad My
Wife's In Europe:" Then Hon. PIpeorgan
outburst "Sister Susie's Saving Souls from
Satan." Hon Rev. Bill hold up hymn-book
with two-hnnded expression peculiar to Hon.
"Play ball," he preach. "Hon. Devil are
In the box, Hon World behind plate, Hon.
Boozo at first base. We must worry. Hon.
Rev. Billy Sunday are at batt with gospel to
do all necessary knocking. Soak er In, Hon.
Satan. Ball flrst. Maybo you fool them, but
very soonly I shall be enabled to analyze
your curvature. Ball two."; (Hon. Bill
swung great swoop with book.) "Another
hellish scorch got passed me I shall get you
yet, Desperado Desmond. Old Sato can pitch
brush league game, but ho got glassy arm,
Charllsteed leg and other deformities. Come
on. you Devil." (Ho make enlarged swing by
book.) "Ah, fairish ball." (With thos
words ho commence running rampage
around pulpit, where ho slide skilfully on
the seat of his stummick and touch Angers
to wood. Loudly cheers of "Bully for Billy"
from elsowhero.) ....
"That are way," this eminent dlvino re
port, arising uply and brushing dusts from
his frockaway coat, "that are way for sin.
ners to obtain eternal happiness. We will
now sing 'Old Hundred' and I don't want no
shorty-sports to slng 'Nlnety-and-Nlne' so
they can save 1 per cent, on salvation."
"Perhapsly." I narrate, "It would be more
better to enforce Sunday-closing law.
Speaking for Saint Louis, Reedy In his
Mirror takes a whack (21
Billy Sunday's senatorial rellglonlng gets
columns and pages Jn the daily papers.
Thousands of priests and preachers are go
ing about their Master's busjness, soothing
aching hearts, comforting the afflicted, visit
ing those in prison, and the newspapers have
nothing to say. Journalism today, is the
great distorter of values. And there's much
of the essence of the worst kind of Jqurnal
ism In tho "Billy" Sunday brand of religion.
Ignorant and SelMntoxicated
Tho New RepubHo disposes of "Billy"
briefly and summarily (3)s
The minister who has got over his abstract
notion of eln la incapable of "Billy" Sunday
enthusiasm If "Billy" Sunday were not a
profoundly Ignorant, self-Intoxicated man,
he would distribute brimstone and fire less
Town Topics seizes the opportunity for
flinging a characteristically New York Jeer
at Philadelphia. (4) J
"Billy" Sunday is undecided to accept the
invitation of 399 silly ministers to coma hero
and blackguard New York. Wise "Billy"!
He knows that if he camo here he would bo
found out, and that It is safer for him to
clown in a one-ring circus In small towns.
But this does not excuse tha 399 ministers.
No sort of entertainment that can bo de
vised by tha most energetic and Inventlv
brain hits sacrosanct Philadelphia like a,
good old rouHlng religious revival It
smoothes down th pricking consciences o?
the Pharisees to hsar a lot of old platitudes
warmed over and experience tha thrill of
Thsr la ssa.timsLUx ol another typ in
a minister's confession, printed In McClure'si
J5), as taken down by R. H. Schaufller. lflj
I am going to make a minister's confessional
i rcanze mat tnis is an unprofessional thins
to do; but Just now tho ministry is In a bad?
way and needs all tho help It can get. Tnerol
aro far ton many weak men In It, and tool
iow strong ones.
Chlof among tho minister's temptations ill
laziness. Usually ho begins his work in it
small country parish where thero are noil
enough professional duties fully to occupy!
nis time, ho drifts imperceptibly Into nesll?
ffent habltR. lift tnlrna tn nrnnnhlnr. "nntiaAm
, ..,.,.' . " r . .a
BiTiuuiiH. 113 inina disintegrates irom l&CKI
of use. Groat numbers of us clergymen havaj
lost our hold on cultivated, clear-thlnkln5
people because we havo lot ourselves sink be.l
low tho mental level of tho active mind.
Against scandal tho minister is tho most!
defenseless man in tho community, because,!
liko Caesar's wife, ho must bo absolutely
above suspicion; and there is no one whoiai
the community suspects with moro zest. Thtl
minister's chief temptation Is to becomq a
politician, to oecomo subservient to the "in-!
visible government." As a rule, overy nuVI
lster except the strongest has a boss. If thW
boss were tho most spiritual man In the com
munlty things would not be so bad. But be ti
not. Ho Is usually tho richest. He Is thS!
boss because ho represents tho money powers
in the church and can cut off tho ministers!
hea'd nt any moment. I know a pastor fni
Illinois who has repeatedly trjed to expel on4
Of his largo contributors from tho church beJ
causo ho Is tho sort of a man whose presenctj
Is a menaco to tho young girls of the congrf-
cation. Yet thn bosses will not hear of Win
cxnulslon because he brings $100 a year lnisj
trio church treasury. Quite recently he wmj
nllowed to spend several weeks as the oniyj
man in a summer camp for girls maintained!
by this church.
Living on $400 a Year I
The report of the last religious census sayil
that the average Balary of all ministers laj
this country is $663. Remember that tnis in.
eludes all tho $10,000 and $15,000 salaries paldl
by tho largo city churches. I have It on goo
authority that one-third of our ministers rej
?elvn todav less than $400 a year. This ill
. l.1 .. .. n 1n XTa.ir VnTlr hfld-
leas uiuri nun ma vu.y u. wo o ... ,
carrier. It is one-third of tho pay of th
union plumber. This census declares tnatj
from 1890 to 1906 church membership In
creased by only 6.1 per cent., while mlnlster
increased bv 48.4 ner cent,, or more tnani
seven and one-half times as fast as thelrj
flocks. No wonder that salaries did not nsj-g
Thero is In our day a craze for young mip;
int.. Tha minister nt E0 la as fit subjeqt 101
pathetic literature aB tho woman who t
insin.- hpr bcautv. A clergyman not long airo
published a book entitled, "At What A
Ought Ministers to be Shot?" I Jsh thH
this book might have a largo circulation, an
lead tho world to reoognlzo tho plight of tnt
clergyman over 60.
Menaclnc the Menaco
wiohrino- Am with flro and menaces wlUjl
,.h.n.. I. Illustrated In the attack OP Tbff
Menace and other similar papers now t)'!fil
Congress. C. B. Strayer, writing In Le8llef'
savs (6): fl
Three bills have been Introduced n Con-
gresaoesignea to wjiup i,- yetatlvl
anll-uainouo nuuuvomwn .wr. -----, r,.
Maher. advocating the measure , mw-j-g -
rne Menaco aa wiu vi v"v'"?"'f' hn be-,
tlpn, and said, "There la no man ,? 1
neve, m the criticism of a religion In coarM
no PsVko ? 'Protestant "1
Washington, "I have no aesr said DM
tor McKlm. "to defend fho scurrilous. B,a
ous and fl thy publications,1 and would WJ
God there wero none, but we should not 1
at them by striking at, the liberty o f "
press, I wouia nuuer mh 'i:;7riiherty;ffl
clean, if to clean It wo hod tp assail llDeri5r'ffl
Turning to tho more serious PJ1",
llglous thought, there have been an gl
number of controversial articles on Tllfl0J
' ..-.- i h Dflneral magazines 1031
BlUjpuiB H l,v ."."
month. . .iniel
i.t.-tiy. irnnthlv nrosents an nw4a
..i,i.i.in , modern emrjhasls On oeJl
"'". ::.. :;:.:.' . .. nn mi
service m me v ". ---' zi v.
T..nn.in vHvh Enlsconallan (() "tn
., ...!,-. Innnllnn as SaVlng S9H13
by supernatural means, and advises tnw U
..-, .... t feeding tho hungry sa
inaierta row. -- -- 4eulrl
ministering to tho poor bo left to 'ecf
... . ......- hunlBIU Vn.
They can onty uwr vmv ""1:". ThiU
nutotly and firmly b,r their own burdens TM
Srinriptrof service involve, tha 31
Strength, To stoop la pity one mul j1"' SI
ir.VlX to atand erect Each ono wbo fifMt-j
j,l own burdtn h added to Wm the, P"JJ m
Messing that ho may bar oihsrtf urfaf 4
. a. arssRr.