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EVENING- LiSPGEB-PHlLABELPHlA V&TJBSbAY, FBBBTTABY IS, 1016:
RIGHT TO STARVE FOE,
CIVEI ANS AND ALL, IS
BRITISH REPLY TO U.S.
Shipping Protest Is Met by
Firm Avowal to Gut Off
Germany's Food Sup
plies, No Matter if Neu
Ruling by Bismarck Cited to
Show Germany's Stand in
1884 Note Denies That
American Commerce Has
WASHINGTON, Fob. 18.-Great Britain
Insists upon Ita right to starve Germany,
both Ita fighters and Ita civilians. Thla Is
the most significant contention lit the
British reply tb America's shipping pro
test. This Is contended because of the
''Impossibility of preventing neutral car
Roes, ostensibly for the uso of noncont
batanta, from being turned over ultimate
ly to tho military authorities for tho feed
ing o the Kaiser's troops."
The Words of Bismarck, ruling on ro
nulta of contraband decrees, are hutlcd
back: upon Germany to provo that neu
tral must suffer.
Officials did not attempt today to dts
Kulse tho gravity of the situation. Pri
vately they admitted that tho whole for
eign problem was fraught with danger
to this nation,
The British supplementary reply gavo
the Administration little satisfaction.
In effect the reply Was:
War affects every nation, and neu
trals commerce naturally surfers, too.
But from the United StatcV own De
partment of Commerce figures. It Is
demonstrated that the war exports
have been higher than corresponding
periods the previous year, except In
the matter of cotton shipments.
The British fleet's activities In seiz
ure and search of American vessels
cannot be blamed for any unfavor
able condition of United States trade.
There Is more reason to protest
ncalnst German strewing of mines In
tho North Sea than against British
Interference with vessels.
Great Britain feels that It must pro
tect itself, and that It may shorten
tho war by carefully determining
whether cargoes contain contraband
or whether helr neutral country des
tination Is merely a cloak for ultimata
destination to "tho enemy."
Figures of meat export to Scandi
navian countries, contiguous to Ger
many, for Instance, indicate a remnrk
nble. and the. note hinted, suspicious
Krtiwth since the war started.
Britain Is doing no moro than the
Tltntod, States did In the Civil War
nnd International law precedents aro
cltejl in proof. ,
British rules give shippers redress
without diplomatic Interference In case
of wrongful seizure.
Britain Intends to prevent foodstuffs
from reaching the Gorman Government
Conceding that foodstuffs Intended for
the, clvjl population or a country nro not
contraband, tho British Government
points out that "in nny country In which
there- exists such a tremendous organi
zation fop war as now ohtnlnn in nr.
man', there Is no clear division between
those whom the Government Is responsi
ble for feeding and thoso whom It Is not."
BUSINESS DEPItESSlON DENIED.
"It win still be our endeavor," says the
final paragraph, "to avoid injury and
loss to neutrals, but the announcement
by tho German Government of its Inten
tion to sink merchant vessels and their
cargoes without verification of their na-?
uonaiuy or cnaracter and without mak
ing any provision for the Bafety of non
combatant crews or giving them a chance
of saving their lives, has made it neces
sary for his majesty's Government to
consider what meusures It should adopt
to protect its interests. It is Impossible
for ono. belligerent to depart from rules
and precedents and for tho other to re
main bound by them." ,
"It Is unfortunately true that In these
days, when trade and fluance aro cos
mopolitan, any war, particularly a war
of any magnitude, must result in a griev
ous dislocation of commerce. Including
that of tho nations which take no part In
the -war. Your excellency will realize
that in this tremendous struggle, for the
outbreak of which Great Britain Is in
no way responsible. It Is impossible for
the trade of any country to escape nil in
Jury nnd loss, but for suh his Majesty's
Government is not to blame,"
Sir Edward then points out that only
eight out of 773 ships sailing from the
United States for neutral European coun
tries have been placed In tho prize courts,
and that only 5 have been "temporarily
detained to enable particular conaiirn.
menta of cargo to bo discharged for the
purpose of prize court proceedings."
Moreover, tho British communication
contends that even though trade between
the United States and the Allies has di
minished from normal, the commerce with
neutral countries, as compared with pre
vious years, has been maintained and the
inference "may fairly be drawn" that a
"substantial part of this trade was In
fact Intended for the enemy countries,
going through neutral ports by routes to
which Jt was previously unaccustomed."
"Up until now," continues the note,
"S? neutral vessels have been reported
na destroyed by mines on tho high seas:
quite opart from all questions of the
breach of treaties and tho destruction
of life, thera Is far mora reason for pro
test on the score of belligerent Inter
ference with Innocent neutral trade
through tho mines scattered by the enemy
than through the British exercise of the
right of seizing1 contraband."
Turning to the question of cohditlonal
contraband and foodstuffs, the nolo says:
"No country had maintained moro
stoutly than Great Britain In modern
times tho principle that a belligerent
should abstain from Interference -with
tha- foodstuffs Intended for tha civil popu
lation. The circumstances of the present
struggle are causing his majesty's Gov-
prjiineiiv pomo anxiety as 10 whether the
existing rules with regard to conditional
.OMtrabaruL. framed as they were with
the object of protecting, eo far as pos
sible, th? supplies whlcl WCra Intended
for tha civil population, are effective for
. the purpose, or suitable to the conditions
of ths present
9ir JWwara then quotes Prjnca BIs
jaarek'a answer to the Kiel Chamber of
Commerce Jn 1811, in connection with
'th treatment of rice as contraband In
t yrencli-Chinese War:
"Jb measure In question," Prince
Biwnarek i quoted as saying, "has for
It bjet tha shortening of the war by
tncmsjng tha difficulties of tho enemy
snd Is a. justifiable step In war If lm
jwrtlaUy enforced against all neutral
U, 4, RECOGNIZES STRENGTH
0jp tJREAT BRITAIN'S POSITION
WlStirVfiTOH l.'oh 1 fnmn.nt -
rwr Edward Grey's fuU reply to tbeAmer-
Xeun prottutt aRRiust .British interference
; ) mmtln BippttS today was withheld
: mw mw. It Is known, however.
W ftMngtb of the British posit ton
rcnlt'd it a!o la conceded that
at u conienuuna ia tue united
wle ilao4 m the eHjsliut note have
bHar. mtHi4 valueless y suecaedbuc
j.vtou. such as Ilk German war so
MKlsatin aod the srotabiHtir of a, com.
iUw .' Uxiw l ait Oermsa port by
Washington new to pursue further the
differences with Great Britain over the
seizure and detention of American ves
sels In view of the much more dangerous
problems before the American Govern
ment. H Is expected thai the test of the Ger
man mibmarlno campaign will come with
in a week. Should Germany not wreak
substantial damage to British shipping In
that time tho American authorities will
TWO BRITISH LINERS
PASS FOE'S "ZONE"
Continued from race One
come by Urltaln'a rofusat to recognize
Germany further as entitled to consider'
ntloti as a civilized nation.
GIGANTIC FLEET GUARDS
BRITAIN AGAINST RAIDERS
LONDON, Feb. 18.-"Dcr Tag" dawned
cold, 'wet and gloomy throughout the Brit
ish Isles. A driving rain Bwept over the
various harbors and checked outside dock
labor, but there was no hatting of sail.
Inns anywhere. British imperturbability
was utterly unaffected by tho Inaugura
tion pf tho German submarine blockade.
Englishmen told each other that thero
mould, be losses. But they will be re
cnlved as "all In tha game," and there Is
supreme confidence that tho British navy
will prevent any Interference with tin
big liners or the food ships.
Thero Is a minority of Britishers who
believe that the entire affair Is a gigantlil
bluff and that Germany will do no morn
In the future than It has In the past
with Its submarines.
I'rivato advices from Berlin from de
pendable sources declare that Germany
has not less than 100 submarines nvall
ublo for service In the war zone. Since
Inst August the public and prlvato yards
havo been working day nnd night adding
to the submarine flotilla. All of tho new
craft aro of tho fleet type, cnpable of re
maining nwny from tho base for three or
four week at a time and equipped for
phenomenal trips. These vessels aro ex
pected to operate off the Irish coast and
at the entrance to the Channel.
Typical Indication of tho lightheaded
ness of tho average British clubman was
the betting In the clubs last night, where
many wagers Wcro laid at three to ono
that not a single merchantman would bo
sunk before midnight tonight.
GREAT FLEET ON PATBOL.
All navigable wateis about tho British
Isles are being patrolled by the greatest
fleet of war crnft ever placed In active
service. The complete destroyer and tor
pedoboat flotillas, augmented by heavily
armed merchantmen and hundreds of
trawlers and mine sweepers, are steaming
to and from along tho shipping lanes
watching for the top of a perlscopo to
appear nbovo tho water.
Substantial rewards havo been offered
by tho various shipping associations to
the officers and crews of merchant ships
or trnwlerH not In the Government Bervlco
that sink submarines. Many of tho trawl
ers have had their bowa reinforced In
order that they may ram a hostile sub
marine. A great French patrol Is also on duty
along the French coast. All coast towns
are under control of tho military author
ities, and unusual precautions aro being
taken because it Is believed that either
mi aerial rnlil or an Invasion may bo
among the posslblltles of German action.
ONE SHIP AFRAID.
The only Instance of sailors funking on
account of tho German threats was when
flvo members of the crew of the steam
ship Lapwing refused to sail for Amster
dam unless the captain agreed to raleo
their wages and pay their widows each
"50 In the event of their being drowned.
The captain had them arrested, and In
police court each was fined 15 shillings.
A competent naval authority, in discuss
ing tho blockade, said it would require
not less than 400 submarines on constant
duty to make the blockade effective.
BRITISH PRESS FAVORS
TREATING FOE AS PIRATES
LONDON, Feb. 18.
The press is in favor of treating Ger
man submarine raiders as pirates.
The Pall Mall Gazette harps upon the
piracy issue, Baying l.i part:
"The threat of a submarine war has
proved Impotent to scare our trado from
the seas an the threat of privateers. The
red ensign waves in defianco of the
'Jolly roger.' There can be but one issue
In V's pirate war. The stringency -with
which Admiral Behnke nnd the note to
the United States plead their excuse will
be Intensified when Germany finds it is
blockading Itself nnd not us. It will get
the samo sympathy oh a man who has
cut off one of his fingers with his own
The Globe refers to tho Germans as
"Tho pretext set forth In the German
reply to the American nolo that Germany
has refrained from the full exercise of Its
sea power out of delicate consideration
to the international law Is a cynical lie.
The mouths of pirates deceive no one.
How little Great Britain Is affected by the
declaration of frlghUuIneBs which begins
today is seen from tho fact that our in
surance rates havo not paid Berlin the
compliment of a rise. Germany has per
sistently traded on our respect for in
ternational law. Henceforth, we shall
hold ourselves free to take such measures
as seem most likely to bring the war to
RUSSIANS AT BAY AS GERMANS
LAUNCH NORTH POLAND'DRIVES
Terrific Teuton Assaults Delivered
From Soldau and Thorn.
PETItOGBAD, Feb. 18.
At bay In their positions In northern
Poland, on the right bank of the Vistula
River, the Russians are 'Withstanding ter
rific attacks by the German forces ad
vancing from Thorn and Soldau, Reports
received here today stated that the Ger
man drive was being checked on tha
Plock and Radnloc front, where the bat
tle la now raging with great Intensity. '
Distinct successes over the Germans at
Isolated points along the northern battle
line are announced by the War Office
today. It declares that the fighting on
tha left bank of the Vistula (In. northwest
Poland) is continually increasing in vio
lence, but that neither side has been
able to gain any ground. North of the
Nlemen River, to the northeast, where the
Ruesl&n forces have taken up new posi
tions, the exchanges hava been confined
to cavalry patrols, with little damage and
the balance of success resting- with the
BERLIN OFFICIALS 3I0BBED
BY RIOTING AV03IEN
Disappointed in Distribution of Cheap
AMSTERDAM, Feu. .-Word reached
hto today of serious riots In Bchoenbu-ff,
a suburb of Berlin, as a result of the
shortage of potatoes. The municipality
announced that It would conduct a sale
of potatoes at cheap prices. Thousands
of women and children lined up for hours
In a pouring rain In front of the municipal
building. Finally an offlclal announced
that the potatoes would be delivered only
alter certain formalities were complied
The bodrsRsUd -women, who were suf
f&riag greatly 1mm cold, bnua furious
and attacked the offloialj. sauudlv thrath.
ini Itwn, Tim municipal bulWtaif ha4
tmw tartly wMcJtsd btfor jutie .
GERMANY'S BLOCKADE OP BRITAIN
The geographical area embraced in the maritime, war zone proclaimed
by Germnny and effective today, is shown in tho foregoing map by
the shaded portions. This area extends around the British Isles
along tho northern and western coasts of Scotland and tho northern
western and southern coasts of Ireland, covering a strip of water
50 miles broad. From the Shetland Islands southward and eastward
tho shading covers an increasing extent of water. Tho cast part of
the North Sea is left free and tho shading finally narrows down to
within 30 miles of tho Dutch coast The entire English Channel,
the Irish Sea, tho North Channel, between Scotland nnd Ireland,
and St. George's Channel, between Ireland nnd southwestern Eng
land, are included in tho war zone.
ZEPPELIN L-3 BURNED
ON SCOUTING VOYAGE
New German Dirigible De
stroyed by Crew When
Forced to Land on Danish
COPENHAGEN, Feb. IS A Zeppelin
airship, stranded upon the Danish Island
of Fano, was Identified today by a cor
respondent of tho Polltiken as tho L-3, n
new and powerful airship, constructed
since the beginning of the war to
strengthen the German aerlul forces.
Telegraphing from Esjbcrg, tho corre
spondent Btatcs that tho crow set flro to
the airship after It landed on Fano and
that it was destroyed. He adds that the
crew have been taken to Esjbcrg and in
terned. According to the officer In command of
tho L-3, it was making a scouting trip
over the North Sea when it got out of
control and had to descend.
The L-3 was completed at Frlcdrlch
Bhafen last December. Her cubic capacity
was 27,000 feet and Bho had a horsepower
Her commander told the Polltiken cor
respondent that the Zeppelin left Ham
burg at 4 a. m. Wednesday and that
shortly after the airship reached tho
North Sea ono of her motors becamo de
fective. In a short time two others got
out of order and it became necessary to
DISCUSS COST OF EXTENSION
OP INDEPENDENCE SQUARE
Realty Men Believe Ground Could Be
Purchased for $2,420,000.
Real estate men expressed the belief to
day that the block of ground between
Chestnut and Ludlow, 5th and 6th streets,
which it is proposed to convert into an
addition to Independence Square, could
be bought for about 2,43,000. It is be
lieved that there will soon be deflnlto
action In this direction, as a resolution
providing for a. commission to Investigate
the matter was Introduced In the Legis
lature on Tuesday and reported favora
bly. Such a commission would experience
little difficulty. It Is believed, in dealing
with tho property owners. There are 16
In all, and It is known that most of them
will entertain a proposition to purchase
at a figure about or n little above the as
sessed valuation. All tho properties on
the Cheitnut street front, between fth
and Sixth, have a total assessed valua
tion of J2.0t3.000.
The largest holder of realty In this row
Is the Fennsylvanla Company for Insur
ances on Lives and Granting Annuities.
Tha Fennsylvanla Company nnd the Real
Estate Title Insurance and Trust Com
pany have heavy Investments in their
present buildings, and aio reluctant to
move unless fair prices can be obtained.
FIRE IN BROKERS' OFFICE
Blaze Causes Excitement in Real Es
tate Trust Building.
A small Are In the Real Estate Trust
Building thla afternoon caused excitement
at Broad and Chestnut streets and drew
a crowd that blocked traffic In Chestnut
street for 10 or 15 minutes.
The blaze started in a wastebasket In
the office of Ervin & Co., brokers. Room
03. J, Gardner Cassatt was In a tele
phone booth at the time. Occupants of
other offices saw smoke coming under
the door and notified Mr, Cassatt, who,
with other men, extinguished the lira
with little difficulty. A bookcase beside
which the wastebasket had been standlns
TURKEY BOWS TO GREECE
Apology for Arrest of Attache Re.
movea Danger of War.
LONDON, Feb. 1J.
Turkey has apologized to Greece for the
arrest of tb; Greek naval attache at
Constantinople, according to a dispatch
from Athens, and danger of war between
the twp countries has been removed for
the time being.
The naval attache also received a per
sonal apology from tha Conjtantlnopi
chief of police in the presence of tbe
Greek legation staff.
ATHENS. Feb. U,
Official announcement was: made today
that Greece had accepted tho Turkish
aB&0gy for the arrest of th Grsek naval
altaehe at Cojwticttiople and that tbe
'ARSENAL' AGAIN FALLS
IN WAR ON "DOPE"
Men Arrested Accused
Peddling Cocaine and
Eight men were captured early this
morning by tho police of tho 11th nnd
Winter stri-cts station In a raid In nnd
about "The Arsenal," a restaurant fre
quented by cocaine nnd heroin peddlers
nnd users, nt 10th and Winter streets.
Two of the prisoners were found to bo
nrmed wit'i loaded revolvers, and tho po
llco say they art out of town gunmen.
Four others taken at the restaurant swal
lowed tho contents of amoll bottles as
they were being taken to the station
house. The police say the bottles con
tained cocalno or heroin.
Tho raid was conducted by Special Po
licemen Barron nnd Stoeker nnd Police
men McMillan and McMullen. They nr
rested John Connelly, George Smith,
Harry Moore, Harry Vlscldl and George
As these prisoners were being taken out
George Harkins and Harold McGowan,
tho alleged gunmen, wcro captured. They
wcro Just about to enter the "Arsenal."
On the way up Winter street Joseph-Ack-ley
Interfered with tho policemen and was
Harkins and McGowan were held In
$1000 bail each for a further hearing by
MaglBtrato Tracy, and the six others were
held In $500 ball each. The special po
licemen searched tho room that was occu
pied by Harkins and McGowan, near 16th
and Arch streets, and say they found $100
worth of Jewelry, a flash light and a large
number of ball cartridges.
Florence and John Devlin, the latter
also known as "Whltey," wero held in
$500 bail for court today by Magistrate
Belcher at the 10th and Buttonwood
streets station on tho charge of peddling
cocalno. Analysis of the stuff found In
their possession when they were arrested,
tho police say, showed It to contain 521
grains of the drug, tho largest amount
ever confiscated by the police nt ono time.
Special Policemen Barron and Stoeker
say that although Devlin Is under indict
ment on tho samo charge growing out of
a previous nrreat, he has been selling
cocaine minin me last ween in the "Ar
senal," while out on ball awaiting the
further hearing he had today.
BURGLARS HOLD REPAST
Culprits Partake of "Refreshments"
and Help Themselves to Other Things
Burglars with a canny sense of humor
held a banquet in tha "refreshment" room
of the Coliockslnk Business Men's Asso
elation, 6th and Diamond streets, early
this morning, after having plundered
twd inmates of the building. They es
caped without leaving a single clue be
hind. J. J, McGeogh, a lawyer, and William
Flnkel, a druggist, aro the other Inmates
of tho house. They tore tho sheet Iron
cover from a door leading Into tho drug
nuio. uciping- memseives to cigars, per
fumery and safety razors, the thieves
then went to the meeting chamber of tha
Cohocksink Business Men's Association.
There they found soma strong "refresh
ments" which, with the cigars, and some
cake, provided an excellent repast. Cigar
stumps lying on the floor showed the
thieves had not been In a hurry to leave.
Nothing of great value was taken from
any of tho rooms. A number of small
articles were missing.
OLD rOINT COMFUUT. VA.
HOTEL CHflMBERLIH- V
OLD POINT COMFORT . XX
UookUU at (AtiK Mr. TT AT
FoiUr. Cbutnut and -" r
VHU ta.j Raymond Wnitcorab Co.. 1003
CbMtnut St. : Tho, Cook & lion. 1ST H. Broad
Bt.1 !! Plcklnion. SID H. 18th Bt.f Alt.
bouio Tour Co., 1S8S Walnut St., or allrtu
Ota. V. Adam., XI r.. Fortnaa Moorfta. Vs.
ATI-ANTIO CITY, N. J.
Leading blcb-clau, modtrata-rat hot.l.
Al BEMARLE Wr1"' Ava., nr Beh.
vator, sun. rarlori, prt. baths, ate.: tic.l
up wiely. 8 la up aly. Booklat. J. P,
Hntel York aridc ut ao ruonins
OUIC1 u'Rwatar. Naw Tori Ava. Bc
BKOWN'g-MriXg-aN.TnK-riNEa. N. J.
TUP INN For btilth. plcaaur and racr.
i fit, Jim Btlon Favorite raaort for
tourUti, Under jaw mnajtmnt,
I. I M. 8. ntlDDERB.
CgABUESTON, B. C.
omb (or axeiuilve Mtrona; ordinal Co.
Until lurttlahtnc. Sautbam cook lor: yacht
lair, aolf. taanU. Mr & Mrs. 3 B. ganolatt.
8T. AUaCSTlKE, TSTJL.
THE BARCELONA &?&'?&
LIFE THREATENED IP HE
TESTIFIED, CONSTABLE SAYS
Accused Special PoHcemnn Offers Now
Evidence at Trial.
Jacob Werner, a deputy constable at
tnehed to ilio office of Maglstrato Carson,
declared that Ills life had been threatened
If lie testified In favor of David MoBoth,
special policeman of the 12th and Pino
streets slntlon. Through Ills attorney Mc
Beth wan accused of accepting "hunh
fore tho Pollco Hoard at City lmll In con
nection with charges made by Samuel
Marino, a tailor, nrresttd In n raid on n
disorderly houso and Nicholas Pcnnelll,
tho alleged proprietor.
Atia hearing of tho caso last week Mc
Beth wns accused of accepting "bush
money" In tho saloon of Bamuel Hamil
ton, a lender In tho Washington party
movement, whoso place of business Is at
lfith and Lombard Rlreets. Werner swore
on the stand thnt ha could havo proved
tho allegations false, but Bald his life hnd
been threatened by Pennelll If ho did so.
Hamilton snld the charges wero ridiculous
and mndo for political reasons.
Lieutenant Bauswlno said tho charges
wero part of n plot to "get me nnd my
onicera" nnd declared he always raided
disorderly houso, nnd Nicholas Pcnnelll,
placo had been opened In his district.
Tho case was referred to Director Porter.
Tho enso of John J. "Mellon, a Kronk
ford station houso patrolman, was nlso
referred to the director. Mellon refused
to acknowledge tho authority of Pollco
Inspector Bchrauhuhn, but It wan brought
out at the hearing that tho patrolman was
so suro tho Inspector wns a burglar that
ho searched several houses trying to fino
"SANTA CLAUS GIRL" TO WED
Miss Olivo May Wilson Will Marry
Miss Ollvo May Wilson, known to hun
dreds of Philadelphia's poor ns tho
"Santa Onus Girl," will probably bo mar
ried In tho spring to Birchall Hammer,
son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas B. Hammer,
of Sit. Airy. Miss Wilson, whoso homo
Is In Jcnklntown, surprised even her most
Intlmnto friends with this announcement
yesterday. She said her wedding would
have no effect on her custom of bringing
Christmas gifts to poor youngsters.
Miss Wilson lives with her parents. Mr.
nnd Mrs. S. Harry Wilson, nt 301 West
avenue, Jcnklntown. She said today that
sho would still play "I-ndy Bountiful" to
tho llttlo friends she has been taking caro
of, tho only difference being thnt sho
would probably, after tho spring, havo
asslstanco In tho work.
Mr. Hammer Is associated with his
father In tho lumbering business. Ho was
graduated from tho Chestnut Hill Acad
emy In tho CInss of 1909, nnd from tho
Wharton School In 1913. Ho Is a member
of tho Sigma Alpha Epsllon Fraternity
nnd of tho Friars Honorary Senior So
ciety. Whllo at tho University he wns on
the varsity track team nnd wns editor
of tho Bed nnd Blue nnd also of tho 1913
SONG VENDER ARRESTED
Man Who Sold Famous Ditty Taken
Visions of solitary confinement In a
dnrk dungeon for stepping upon the toes
of neutrality swept through the head of
Mnrtlu A. Bobbins, of 223 North Eth
street, today when ho wns arrested by a
United States marshal for selling "Tip
pcran" on tho fltreets. When ho got to
tho Federal Bulldltn; he learned his of
fonso was n violation of the copyright
United States Marshal McCaffrey ar
rested Robblns. The man Is accused by
tho London publishers of tho famous war
song of infringing upon their copyright.
Authorized copies of tho song aro on aalo
at music stores at "5 cents a copy.
Bobbins is accused of having tho song
printed In a. folder with his own Ideas of
outsldo decoration, and selling It for
whatever the traffic would bear on tho
streets. Sometimes ho got 3 cents a copy
and sometimes 15. He will bo arraigned
before United States Commissioner Cd
monds for a hearing.
The railroads of Pennsylvania and New Jersey ask the people of those States
to decide whether the Full-Crew Laws are good or bad.
The trainmen assert this is no question for the people tliat it should be
determined entirely within legislative halls.
The railroads contend the issue is one of public concern and that the people
should therefore decide. The trainmen object to the people being given any direct
voice in the matter.
The trainmen, in an official statement, bitterly assail the frank method taken
by the railroads, asserting that "the power to repeal the laws is vested in the Legis
lature" and that "the average citizen knows about as much concerning the practical
operation of a railroad as the man in the moon knows about building sewers."
The Railroads' Way
The 21 railroads of Pennsylvania and
New Jersey intend to present the question of
the repeal of the Full-Crew Laws to the pub
lic, this being a problem in the proper solu
tion of which the public is vitally interested
and should have the right to determine upon
This presentation will be done openly,
frankly and upon all the facts, coupled with
plain statements as to exactly what the rail
roads feel to be right, and the reasons there
for. The railroads propose to submit the
question directly to the public, that the
people may determine what h just, right and
fair. This is done recognizing the fact that
tho interests of the public stand superior to
those of either the corporations or their em
ployes, and feeling that the public, by its
greater interest, may be trusted to exert its
dominating influence with intelligence for
what is best.
The railroads challenge proof of any lobby of the kind that the public understands by
that word, There is none, nor will there be any. With that statement, the railroads also
assert the inalienable right of any and every citizen to talk with and write to his elected repre
sentatives, and to impress upon them in every honest way his views, whatever they are. It is
the privilege of every railroad employe to do this. The railroads have no objection.
The position of the railroads cannot be misinterpreted. They reiterate their unalter
able determination to submit their case to the intelligent judgment of the people, convinced
that the people will decide for the common good. Their case u plainly, clearly presented. They
believe the issue should be fought in the open and not confined wi(hin the walls of the State
The railroads-think the people should decide, The trainmen think they should not.
WHY? The railroads do not fear a public verdict.
SAMUEL REA, DANIEL WILLARD,
President, Pennsylvania Railroad Co. President, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Co,
President, Philadelphia & Reading Railway Co.
R, L. O'DONNEL,
Chairman, Executive Committee, Associated Railroads of PtiiHsylvania and New Jersey.
T3U Cuwrlal rTjaat BiitMlauv til!dJUU.
England Waives Protest to U. S.
:LONl)ON, Feb. lS.-The British Govern
ment today rejected a proposition to pro
test lo President Wilson against gam
bling in wheat and other grain futures
In New York and other cities having
?raln exchanges. It had been suggested
that speculation In "futures" partly was
responsible for the Increaso In prices, but
Chancellor David Lloyd-George, of tho
Exchequer, announced In Parliament that
tho Government would not make any
complaint to Ihe United States.
Funeral of Samuel McAllister
Tho funeral services of Samuel McAl
lister, ono of four brothers who for half
a century engaged In the merchant tailor
ing business, and himself an expert In
tho making of military clothing, will ba
held tomorrow afternoon at 3 o clock,
from his late home, 218 St. Mark's square.
Ho succumbed Monday ovetilng to an at
tack of pneumonia. Mr. MoAlllBter was
born In County Derry, Ireland, and came
to this country when a young man. He
leavos a widow, threo daughters and a
Funeral of Mrs. Mnrlon Spanglcr
Tho funeral of Mrs. Marlon Spangler,
wlfo of tho nov. Dr. Henry T. Spanglor.
a former president of Uralnus College,
wns hold yesterday from tho home of
her son, Dr. Ilalph II. Spangler, 2217 South
Broad street. Sho was burled nt College
Mrs. Soancicr's father, tho fiev. Dr.
J. II. A. Bombcrgcr, was the founder of
Urslnus Collcgo nnd Its prosldcnt from
1870 to 1S9D. Besides her husband sho is
survived by a daughter and threo eons.
Funeral of Joshua It. Jones
Many of tho cltyv's most prominent men
attended tho funeral services of Joshua
rt. Jones, founder and president of the
National Publishing Company, held yes
terday at his homo, 2051 Walnut street.
Mr. Jones died last Saturday at Ormond
Beach, Flo., where ho was spending the
winter with his family. Tho honorary
pallbearers Included Mayor Blnnkcnburg,
Colonel M. Blchard Muckle, William T.
Tlldcn, J. U Shoemaker, Harry F. Wal
ton, Dr. M, Graham Tull, Harry Mc
Maims, Gcorgo B. Evans and George W.
Man Badly Hurt by Car
Thomas Plotts, who makes his homo
with a colony of "squatters" on Mifflin
strcot wharf, according to the police, was
badly hurt today when a wngon he was
driving was struck by a Morris street
car nt 10th street. Before tho motorman
could bring the car to a stop Plotts1 rollod
underneath the front fender,, but the ono
guarding the rear wheels picked him up.
He was taken to St. Agnes' Hospital,
where, although found to bo badly
crushed, tho doctors expect him to re
cover. His wngon was demolished.
Howard N. Woodland
Howard Nelson Woodland, a bookkeeper
for Armour & Co., Is dead at his home,
6017 Hawthorno street, Frankford. He
succumbed Tuesday nftor a brief Illness.
Ho was a member of the Bookkeeper's
Beneficial Association, tho Washington
Camp No. 339, P. O. S. of A., and several
other fraternal organizations. A widow,
Mrs. Anna Maria Wlnther Woodland sur
vives. Tho funernl will bo held Satur
day afternoon from his late residence.
James B. Henry
ANNAPOLIS, Md., Feb. IS. James Bu
chanan Henry, a nephow of James Bu
chanan and his prlvnto secretary whllo
Minister to Grent Britain and President,
died at Miami, Fla yesterday. In his kOth
year. Ho Is survived by his widow, being
his third marriage, and six sons, ono nf
whom is in tho navy, another in the
United Statc3 Army.
Death Notices on Page 5
the People Decide?
The Trainmen's Way
Briefly stated, their (the railroads) an
nouncement declares they intend to present
the question of the repeal of the Full-Crew
Laws to the public; but why, is left to con
jecture. The power to repeal the laws is
vested in the Legislature. The Senators and
Representatives in the General Assembly are
chosen by the people to perform such service,
and the Constitution of the Commonwealth
declares that the legislative powers of this
Commonwealth shall be vested in a General
Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and
House of Representatives.
For these reasons it is not fair either to
the General Assembly or the railroad train
men that this immense lobby is addressing
itself to the public rather than to the Legislature.
GERMANS TAKE Ml
OF BRITISH SHIPPING
OFF SOUTH AMERICA
Kronprinz Wilholm Sinlctrf
Four Steamships and A
Schooner, of Total TohlJ
nage of 11,870, in Eastf"
BUENOS Ainr.a. r. u . -,.. .3
steamships and n British schooner, of 3
toini lonnngo ot ii.sjo, navo been sunH eff '
tho cast coast of South America i... ,lJ
German converted cruiser Kranprlnt Wll-J
ncim, wnicn uciore tne war was a NertST
German Lloyd liner. This was learned!
loaay iroin captain urcyer, of the'Gr,j
limn mtumcr jiuigcr, wnicn arrived lull
nignt bringing 3l norsons. enmnr .i ..
crews of the destroyed British ships. '
Tho steamships sunk by tho KronprlmJ
Wllhelm wero tho Highland Brae, m
tons; tho Potato, 2710 tonsi the lletnl.
sphere, 2230 tons, and tho Scmantha. u i f
tons. Tho three-masted schooner Wllfrnii
W .,,, ;rrr. u "u"onn
..... j an Lima. niiH Mini. hi,ii ir inA .....I.. .
Aflcr the vessels had been sunk by tha,1!
iruiiimns tviiiieini, mo noiger was sum
moned from Pornambuco by tho captain
Hrtnriirit nml prnwa nt 4T.A tlltl.1. . .
After leaving tho Kronprinz Wllhelm, tna'a
Holger was pursued near Montevideo
by two British cruisers, but succeeded In '
cnuaiJlUK, uniiiK lo it neELVy log. ,
Tim lilcriilnnri r)rin ,i,ltlnl. ... - ..
most Important victim ot the Kronnrin
t.in.-,u ....... .....t- . . -. ""Finn '
tviiuuiui, wub Buim two wccks arter leav
ing London for Buenos Aires. Sho wau
Kent in (Via hnttnm nnnp (ha TC......111
of Pernnmbuco after her carRo, coal, ia
WW.-, iniu iitioeuuhuia nuu ucen removed tft
the Kronnrlnz .Vllh-.lm. u l0
The passengers stated today that they
had received good treatment from the
rinrmniitt hntfi nrt inn .Htl... .
Holger, to which thoy were transferred '4
i.r it.irij Vi. -"" w uays alter
mi; i.ibu'uuu ijum was sunK. Tney com
plained, however, of a lack of comfort
on board the Holger, which Is n coal-car.
rylng tramp. '
Captain Droyor, ot the Holger, stated
that after ho loft Pernambuco In response
to nn aerogram from tho rruUxr , i..
considerable trouble In locating tha "NJ
iiiuiiiJiiii. trjiituui. ono was on tne hlrh
seas for several days before she came up''
to tho cruiser.
Tim IToln-flr. whirl, tn ,iitnMn, - .
from Bremen, had a crow of 40 men, who M
win oe compelled 10 remain nero because,'
they have no health certificates. The
Highland Brno was built In 1910; the
Hemisphere In 1897, tho Semantha In 189 J
and tho Wilfred M. In 1003.
HONOR SON OF REVOLUTION
Congratulations wero extended to John
Dennis Lewis, tho Inst real Bon of the ',
Itevolutlon, at his home, 21C6 North Wood
stock street, touny, by ins numerous
friends. Lewis' father, grandfather and
great grandfather all fought In the strug
gle for Independence. Lewis was born
In Accomnc County, Vn., In 1811, and, '
Inspired with a spirit of patriotism, real'
lly volunteered during the Civil War.
Ho says that ho Is glad to live In Phila
delphia, tho home of liberty, and has oc-,
cupled tho house on Woodstock street for
tho last "0 years.
SAVE HALF YOUR COAL.
ASK VOn A WEEK'S FltEC TKIAt, Df-1
Tlirc HA VIII MHVK I.IU
THOUSANDS IN USH
1330 Arch St.
WMWU mtgbi ( fra.-4 mm