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KVfiNryq LBfiGfePfltLADELPmA. ffTJESPAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1916,
Sunday's Sermon Today 1
o at a
SUBJECT! "THE FIB TBEg"
Text: TMlah lv. 13.
It lakes vT Mile spiritual discern-
iCblr eipcelally the O'd Tentartent, that
I'boi is tfttklns to us In pliturcs, Thal'
'wause the taws pt the mRid rcqulro
Ithut mode of U selling. ,You tty and com
LnnlcsU am- kind of an Idea to a child
'A you will co at once that without
Tti he'P of Pcturcs ,l ,s n,n1oat lm
LorgslMo. That Is tno way jcsub iuBi.i.
Elthtn Has HOVUl "v;.. ..
!'nc .. - ak. n.1.1. I.I...
Ittaclur in any nBo -I
... i,n .lid not follow similar practice.
1,1,. ood wanted man to see anything
Kff.?Eld him what It was like. Tlml
".. tonMnx word pictures, i reau -wun-
7 naiablo spake. Ho not unto any
'? B.1..."- hpiuo Ilo wasn't teach-
rlnrf to put In time, and bo He used plenty
K ii ctures to triable us to aco Important
things which Ho camo to cniigiucn us
' i'A u. nnvpr been a language tliat
' frtn't have Us bcSlnplns In ptcturee. You
Hi??, ill een men who appeared to bo
" aVM It their hands wcro tied. TaKo
,T. Ci?enchman; for Instance. Ho talkn
I"n?ih.n in tolke. Ho talks with
Wu, hind, his phouldera, his arms his eyes
1-1,1 body. Why? le "ants others to
ir..-il,lnns the same way ne seeH mem.
K!l. la also i true of the German and the
?? rweclally Is this true of the
iIi , that dead mutes can understand
tin. .. . .i.tt.rro-frtnfl nn.il nrlmnrv
Wtments the teachers make much use
- . .i.-- rrriflv iTlllHi. UdD uibiuiia ui
S ttr cannot teach anything. Pictures are
? iurava attractive, one can read them so
Kr.adl.y. 1'hei-c IB never any u, iB
c ea. ' '.... .i. I.,..., , rnn nee and grasp
In learnmi. i. , ,, , ,!,,.
F '. .5ia- ..ir.h a Btrong hold upon the
. nire " . to rcad tno
SJtory in Pictures than In a printed book,
i "".'.. " ', j- i i,n fnrmntlvn nerlod of
l' ilf think In pictures, even before they
t-life ininn. iu i .Mnltlni- n words.
!S.n God told Adam to name the anl
Sl II 1 wm i the same as It God had said
to him 'study moving pictures.
BIBLE GREAT PICTURE BOOK.
The Blblo Is a great picture book. It
ij'lhe most wonderful picture book made
B, -never wears out. Children soon ure
K ...a...... Vmi enn rn
et the nursery i""'
through the Bible and see all tho pictures
r. It In a short time, and yet It thrills
with new Interest all the way along and
never wears out. Tho Blblo keeps up
with us all through life. When wo grow
It grows. As soon ao we see one thing
It shows us another. Before God under
took to say much about salvation, He
....... i,. nihi full of pictures to show
, nj what It was like.
"Perhaps Adam was in tno uarucn vi
l Eden hundreds of years before ho could
' And a name big enough for the lion.
Probably spent months watching crickets
:, Bnrt tnnrtH uciuro ia JCB "- w ""
fg enough to see tho lion all at once.
the way to learn things a llttl
"In tho text God has given us two con
trolling pictures. A thing Is made clearer
by contrast. On tho one hand we see
the picture of desolation, and over against
thit -wo And a scene of thrlf-and happi
ness. There wcro no thorns or briars In
this world until sin gained a foothold.
When the devil camo he brought bram
bles and thorns, nnd has been making
trouble ever since. When thorns and
briars cover tho field nothing else can
grow-evcrythlng clao Is choked out by
the weeds and thistles.
"The same is true with sin. Give sin
the right to reign and It will cover the
enrth with desolation. Nothing good
could flourish where thorns cover the
land: It makes It the hiding place of
snakes, lizards nnd all manner of .un
clean and loathsome reptiles. It's the
lame with wickedness. Don't you know
inut every Dau man in n cummuniu
B'; itivtictliens the devil's mortgage. Just
lee how every hellish thing Is hatched
and hidden in tho saloon thievery, gam
bling, graft, corruption, wickedness of
all kinds. The life of a bad man Is
more of a curse to the place In which
he Uvea than a mass of matted thorns
would be In a field; Ills vote, his In
difference helps to shield and shelter that
which would tear down n home. Ills life
Is a curse. Nowhere can we find a bad
man compared with anything good al
. anm.llilnf. .imaltilann nt-trl fA,11tall
Tou will notice this In reading tho first
Pjilm. On the other hand Is a simile for
the good man always something good
It-llght and the palm tree.
The chapter from which my text Is
taken Is full of pictures, which are meant
to Bhow the blessedness of righteousness,
T(iere are enough pictures In one chapter
from the Bongs of Solomon to keep an
artist busy the rest or his life. Take the
Bible and go through It carefully and
see for yourself, see that God wants us
to realize that beinc rellRlous In the way
r the Bible teaches makes us the brightest
ana happiest 'Instead of thorn shall
come up the fir tree.' There is not to be
any amalgamation It reads 'thorn and
tot You see the thorn gives way to the
MK! CONTEST imTTOR TTfAN RVEfl
"I am satisfied that there has never
keen a time In the history of tho world
when It Is harder to live a consistent
Christian life than now. I believe that
the conflict between Ood and the devil,
between right and 'wrong, between good
. id evil, Is hotter than ever in all the
i centuries that have gone before. I don't
B Relieve the allurements of sin were ever
taore fascinating or more Insidious; 1
oon believe there wb ever a time since
j mam. was turned out of the Garden of
' 24tn when pitfalls were more dangerous
or more deadly than today. Never a time
i$tn religion has been reduced to so
iauch form and ritualism. In the mind of
Jjaus religion was not to build up the
church. The church was to build up
'religion. Itellirlnn lx Mil tha nil. hilt the
staeana to the end. Religion does not con-
"" m doing- a lot of special things, but
j? Jpe all things In a special way, as
Jfd directs. The Pharisees were the re
lous highbrows of their day. Jeaua
bm no more uae for moral enoba than
S-iUi1 -;bar,i8ee were th church-going
:.'" meir uay. 'iney were joyui in
We ecclesiastical Idea, so much so that
tn. . t "'. Minis iano ino pl uj mb
5fJ,ar'es even today, They say. Were
iii i , narweea seaioua for pumia wor
fP? Wero they not sealous for the ob.
"Vance of ih n-iKhoth nn,i rn h
5. S?,r1 standards of spcletyt Did they not
r, "now preceDt ,,1,1, nr-ci-, Thv nv
tenth, They were faithful In the op
li'nce of the fasts and churchly re
joirtments. They were so keen for per
il ii ??.l1t-' t,la- they stoned offenders.
J ail this be true, then why was Jesus
ff JfUtently at cross-purposes with
Tizz " wi-B t"y saia ana diar
f ?""' ' thl: They sought a
S dita,;h'' t"m cv!o dally life: He
S?'n - them consisted of artlflplal
rry on the Sabbath, and artificial rules
8L?m$lct n other ,lx dtty" r t
p)t. Religion In the view of Jesus was
wr c,on-,ePratlon of all secular and social
9 (0 the wilt nt rin t.,, ...,..
BtP.b4lril' WM Pi0" patriot versus
rfP PIOUS Chllrflitrtan rri tA.a im v..
i , -r -... .M .. .mm m.mw yw I
pi religion Is self-effacement in I
t orcnestral practloe in the
-- tiiuri-u o iiuue-ueiiuyers soon
y generation of non-believers. The
yct seems to. be tendlns toward re
yprs j b ubiUote for ghiHM
" -th thurclj in her odMV0M t
" ui jua rnamioa m becomlsr
cross-eyed nnd losing power to know
good from evil,
BAYS CHURCH IS SlClv.
"The church Is sick and needs a. remedy,
Many preachers are llko some physicians
strong' on diagnosis bui weak on
therapeutics. Jesus dealt with fundamen
tals. The quietest tnlk of His had a.
torpedo effect. On the 'lips of Jtsus the
most Innocent metaphor seemed to throw
out forked lightning. Borne sermons. In
stead of being a buglo call for service,
oro noting but showers of spiritual co
cnlne. Thai's tho reason wo vo got bo
many dead ones In the pews. The sermon
should strike n chill Into the spineless
Jellyfish, half-hearted fellow who Bits In
the pew. Compromise never pays. The
crowd or the cause with which you com
promise nlirusii you ere long as It needs
you then tho 'scrap-pile for yours.' The
hinges of Christ's knees were never oiled
by the Oil of Compromise.
"Some ministers .would get along better
If they'd use more pictures In their ser
monsIf they would demonstrate more.
Some people say I use too many. I know
I don't uso enough. That'B how much
attention I give to my critics.
"Tho church seems to have lost Its pas
sion for Vital religion, and Is lolling In
her well-fed content, satlslled with mag
nlllcent buildings, stained-glass windows,
pipe organs, vestments, rloh Influential
congregations, and spiritual death awaits
the church unless she hurls herself from
her couch of case, and chooses tho wil
derness In place of tho llcshpots of
Egypt. In all ages of the world's history
God has been In n hurry to bless, but man
doesn't seem to be In any haste. Some
know God only by hearsay.
"What about the fir tree? How can wo
Understand tho flguro unless wo know
the tree? Is It good or Is It bad? If
good, what Is It good for?
"Let me tell you a few things about tho
fir, nnd then let us Bee why God uses
tho fir tree In this connection.
"The flr trco Is a very valuable tree for
timber. It Is beautiful hardwood, fine
grain, and will stand a very high polish.
Becauso of Its exceeding value It takes
no stretch of tho Imagination to sco that
It means Christian character Is tho best
thing on earth, or heaven. No matter
what you have been, give your heart to
God and He will glvo you character and
work such n change In your llfo that
you will become a channel of blessing.
Instr-nd of making wlfo and children cry
they will rejoice.
USDS OP THE FIR TREE.
"The wood of tho flr was used for the
reltlng In Solomon's temple. It was cov
ered with beautiful carvings of earthly
and heavenly pictures, cherubim, patm
trees, porncgrniiatcs: theso overlaid and
Inlaid with puro gold. The door of the
tomplo was made of flr ornamented In n
similar wny. Again It Is not hard to see
what God has to sny In the text. The
character of a good man Is always built
Into the. House of God. Every man who
Is a true Christian Is a ehleld and pro
tector of all that la good; because he
stands true others find It easier to do
right; because he does right others find
It harder to do wrong. Every Christian
Is n door to the House of God. Through
his llfo others will come. Into the Church.
His Influence Is bound to draw others
after him. It did when his life was
wrong, and it certainly will when his Ufa
"Fir wns used to make musical Instru
ments. Tho hnrp, the flute and cornet,
used in worshiping God, wero made of
flr. Head the chapter where It tells how
David danced before tho Ark of God.
Read the long list you'll seo they wore
all mado of flr. This seems to be God's
way of tolling us that religion Is a music
maker. If your religion doesn't make
some, heart sing, It's the wrong kind. It
doesn't make any difference If you don't
know n note from a horsefly, It will
awaken harmonics In heaven. Sin makes
us cry, religion Is a music-maker. Sin
deadens religion cheers.
"Fir was used to mnko flooring for decks
of Bhlps, put under the feet of people to
walk upon; 1) was not only put where It
could bo seen and admired, but In humble
places where the storm could smite It
and the sun scorch It.
"Religion Is not only tho most beautiful
and helpful thing In the world, but when
one Is truly saved they don't spend their
time asking God to put them In the lime
light. When we aro truly the Lord's we
will bo as ready to sing 'Where He
Leads' as 'When the Roll Is Called.' The
stone that lies the lowest In the founda
tion has a bigger Job than the flagstaff at
CHRISTIAN CHARACTER FRAGRANT,
"Look at tho myrtle tree. It was an
evergreen tree. Neither weather nor sea
son affected Its looks. I would believe th
millennium wero here If people looked
happy In prayer-meeting and In society.
There was nothing to make one think of
groundhog until he saw the myrtle tree.
The real Christian never backslides be.
cause of snows or the moon changes.
"Tho myrtle had a very sweet scent,
peculiarly ItB own. Could tell In the dark
when near It. There Is a fragrance about
real Christian character, something that's
not killed by suffering or misfortune.
Some of the most Christlike people I have
over known have been great sufferers.
"It was covered with blossoms, snow
white, star-shaped, symbolizing purity of
the Christian. You can recognize them by
their conduct, speech and spirit. It would
keep the most persevering hypocrite busy
the whole of his life counterfeiting real
Christians. True Christianity can no more
be doubted than the sunshine.
"It Is a frult-bearlng tree. I know
church members who make a great show
at fruit bearing, but they are nothing
more than Christmas trees, putting on
this accomplishment, tying on this vir
tue, cpnstantly trying to add something
that will sparkle and glitter to win ap
plause, The glory of a Christmas tree is
over In a day and It Is thrown Into the
ally, The only crop It yields Is that which
has been tied on It. David said, 'Be like
a tree that Is planted by the rivers of
waters.' There are so many content to
be shade trees. Anything to be ornamen
tal, caring little about being of real use
and service In this old world. Such people
are never prepared when the storms of
reverses come to them. They are nqt like
the tree that's planted by the rlyers ot
-water. They are all on the surface,
propped up, get their opinions ready
made, strong In head and tongue, but
who had their ear last. Talk with him
Ave minutes and. you can tell who he wan
weak In the back, Sort of a reprint of ope
with an hour ago,
GENEROUS IN ITS YIELD.
"Bore generous yield f red berries.
This not only added to their beauty and
value, but made fine seasoning for wood.
Season the plainest dish with myrtle and
you'd want more. How true that Is of the
Christian life. Madame Ouyon turned the
hostile into a. palace; Bunyan turned
Bedford' little Jail Into the anteroom
of heaven; Paul turned his prison chains
Into links of gold; Jerry McAuley turned
Sing Sing penitentiary Into a. paradise.
"The berries made reliable family medi
cine. Made poultices to draw out sore
nass and heal up wounds. It was made
Into tea for pains, and for the colic.
Christianity Is an unfailing remedy for
the world's Ills,
'Well, slstery I'll tell you it'll draw that
old gossiping tongue out of your mouth.
"The twigs would bend any and every
way. Almost impossible to broak them.
They were almost M unbreakable as
leather, with, bright green leaves, red Ir-
ij, wfalt bloasoms. Just th thing ol
.always tw tte ybe ? victory. Vic
tory should always b the slogan ot the
Christian. It Is not lha will of God that
we should spend much tlmo under the
"U Is our privilege to triumph over the
world, tho flesh and the devil. 'I can do
nil things through Christ who strength
eneth me.' Then nail your flag to tho
mast and go to It In tho name of the
"Thero are some lessons In the two
tree?. Thank God that wherever religion
of Jesus Christ goes In this old sin-cursed
world, It pulls up thorns nnd briars. It
does It In Individuals. In churches, Ift
cities. In nnllons. The warfare against
sin Is not hopeless. Not only will there
be a turn In the tide for the better, but
we will overthrow the Uevll and his
angels. Perdition will not pour Us black
liver of filth nnd desolation over the
enrth. The thorn shall not blight for
ever, iiighteousncss shall cover the
"Which are you? Tho thorn or flr?
The briar or myrtle?"
ANTI-LOCAL OPTIONISTS .
Continued from Tsge One
mnko you stop keeping that woman on
the side nnd you trot square. It'll make
you live a decent lite nnd one of which
you need not bo ashamed. You think
you have a right to sit In prnyer meet
ing nnd to trot off to a leg Bhow the
next night that's why wo fight. You
think you have n right to go to church
qn Sunday and live like the dovll all tho
rest of tho week that's why wo don't
The evangelist In his sermon said there
nro going to be fewer saloons In Phila
delphia after the cnmpalgn ends.
"I saw In tho paper two columns of
saloons advertised for sate In Philadel
phia," he said. "Just wait until we get
through and there'll be more thnn that
for sale. You can bet your llfo thero
R.EMEDY IS NEEDED.
"The church Is sick ond needs a rem
edy," declared Sunday. "Many preachers
aro Ilka somo physicians strong on
diagnosis but weak on therapeutics. JesUs
dealt with fundamentals. Tho quietest
talk of His had a torpedo effect. On tho
lips of Jesus tho most Innocent metaphor
seemed to throw out forked lightning.
Somo sermons, Instend of being n buglo
call for service, nre nothing but Bhowers
of spiritual cocaine. That's the reason
we'vo got so many cead ones In the pews.
Tho sermon should 'strike a chill Into the
spineless Jellyfish, half-hearted fellow
who ilts In the pew. Compromise never
pays. Tho crowd or tho cnuse with which
you conpromlso will use you ere long ns
It needs you then the 'scrap-pllo for
your?.' The hinges of Christ's knees wero
never oiled by tho Oil of Compromise.
"Tho church," ho shouted, "has lost
Its passion for vital religion, and Is loll
ing In her well-fed content, satisfied with
magnificent buildings, stained-glass win
dows, plpo orgnns. vestments, rich, In
fluential congregations, and spiritual
death awaits tho church unless she hurls
herself from her couch of easa and
chooses the wilderness In place of the
Hcshpots of Egypt. In nil ages of the
world's history God has been In a hurry
to bless, but man doesn't seem to bo In
any haste. Somo know God only by
RELIGION A MUSIC MAKER.
"Billy" urged thot the church members
nnd clergy make their religion carry
music Into tho hearts of other people.
If It does not do this, he Insisted, It Is
(ho wrong kind of religion.
"It doesn't make any difference If you
don't know a note from a horsefly," he
shouted, "harmonies will be awakened
In heaven If your religion makes other
people sing. Sin makes us cry, religion
Is a music maker. Sin deadens, religion
cheers," 'ne said.
Backsliders also camo In for a Bound
drubbing. "The real Christian never back
slides because of snows or tho moon's
changes. Thero's a fragranco nbout the
real Christian character, something that's
not killed by suffering or misfortune.
Somo of the most Chrlstllke people I
have ovor known havo been great suf
ferers." THREE DELEGATIONS HERE.
A delegation of CO Buffalo (N. Y.) min
isters and laymen arrived In Broad street
station on special cars at 9:15 o'clock
this morning to attend tho tabernacle
services this afternoon. Richmond (Va.)
clergymen also havo come to the city to
day tb hear Mr. Sunday preach and ex
tend him a formal Invitation to con
duct n revival campnlgn in their city.
A delegation of 100 Boston clergymen
and laymen were expected to arrive this
afternoon, but their trip here has been
postponed for a week.
William Knowlca Cooper, general sec
retary of tho Washington Y. M. C. A.,
and a delegation of clergymen and lay
men, conferred with the evangelist this
morning In his home, 19U Spring Garden
street, regarding the possibility of his
conducting a campnlgn In the capital city.
Sunday also received the Buffalo and
Richmond delegations In his home nnd
discussed with them cnmpalgns they de
sire him to conduct in their respective
cities Ho gave no definite assurance to
any of the visitors as to whether or not
ho could accept their Invitation.
Late this afternoon Mr. Sunday said
he probably would go to Buffalo In Oc
tober. It also Is likely that he may con
duct a campaign In Washington some
time during 1318.
n. R. MEN PLAN TRIP.
Elaborate plans are being made by the
Pennsylvania Ilnliroad employes for the
"Pennsy" Berylce In the tabernacle to
morrow night. Headed by tho executives
from Broad Street Station apd by brass
bands, the 8000 men plan to march to the
building singing hymns apd giving spe
cial cheers. Their gift to the evangelist
will be an elaborate silver service.
Men from the West Philadelphia shops
will follow the executives, and they will
be led by Eliot Sumner, master mechanic,
who will be assisted by C. O, Keagy. gen
eral foreman, and Harry D. Btout. Under
the direction of Oeorge B. McCauley, tho
men from the West Philadelphia shops
will glVo their favorite Sunday yell, as
IUh.1 Hani Hah!
Here we are
Choo, chool Choo, chool
P. R. n.
Sunday) Sunday) Sunday)
FORMATION OF PARADE.
The chief marshall of the "Pennsy"
parade, will be Charles C. Kinney, nnd his
chief ot staff will be Joseph W, Thomp
son. C B. Krlck, II. C. Blxler. IK W.
IlopklosOn. II. 8. Freenian, W. II. Frazee
and F, W, Pennypacker w'U be the aids.
It is planned to have four divisions In
the parade. George P, Zane will head the
first; E P. HUler, Jr.. the second; L, M.
Haller, third, and A. R. Lockard, fourth.
The men will assemble at 5:15 o'clock
and form In columns of eight to march
from the southeast corner of Broad and
Arch streets IB minutes later. The West
Philadelphia shop men will form on the";
east side of Broad street. Tlia suoject
Of "Billy's" sermon to the railroad men
will be "What Shall the End Be?"
Tomorrow afternoon, Sunday will re
peat his famous sermon, "Booze or Get on
tba Water Wagon.1" The service Is for
women, but. If there Is room In the taber
nacle, men also will be admitted.
BELLY SUNDAY TAT rc5
TO P. R. R. EMPLOYES
J. JACOBS & CO., Auctioneers
Ptast L0nb.r4 441S D. fill, MB. SIT 0. 24.
M. & S. FRIDBNBBRG, Brokers
tb and ButtsDWood anil 3T North 11th St.
Sell S.'Q. WATCHES & JKWHLRt
Mtr9AT"8RuljnC WH, 9 A. M,
Evangelist Asks Workmen to
Lend Good Lives for Sake o
More than 1000 begrimed men, clad In
overalls, assembled In the woodmlll at
the West Philadelphia shops of the Penn
sylvania Railroad at noon today to hear
"Billy" Sunday deliver an Informal ad
dress on religion from tho standpoint
of profit nnd loss.
"I would rather talk to railroad men,"
he sold by way of Introduction, "than to
nny men I know. I used to fire an engine
myself; that was before they had fire
pans as largo ns from here to that door.
"I'm going to tell you n little story
of tho man told about In tho Bible
who went out In the vineyard to employ
men to work for him."
"Billy" then outlined the typical story
and afterward drew a parallel between
it nnd the employer of modern times.
'That man considered It from the
stnndpolnt of profit nnd loss, Just as the
Pennsylvania Ballroad docs wth Its op
"The cost ot wear nnd tear on locomo
tives, your salaries nnd all those things'
are taken Into consideration.
"It Is a cold-blooded proposition of
'does It pay?' All right. That Is the
wny I want you to look at religion.
"There Is not a man hero who would not
rather do right than wrong. Who would
rather be sick than well, or get f5 a
day Instead of 1. Why then should he
not prefer to lend a good Christian life
thnn ono which will lead to nothing but
misery nnd unhopplneos."
"Tho Lord," sold Sunday, "Is a good
boss. Ho Is tho kind you should work
your head off for. Ho knows His men.
Too many fellows run through llfo with
out heeding Jieadllghts, (switches and
danger signals. Their end often comes In
tho form of disaster.
"Aro you satisfied with tho pay you
arc getting? A man who works for tho
devil gets tho devil's wages In tho form
of dlBcasc. Insanity and a 20-ycar frco
meal ticket In tho penitentiary. I'll bet
thero aro fellows hero who, If they wero
sick, would need a subscription to take
caro of tholr family. Why? Bccauso
some of ycu havo been fools enough to
cater to booze, which leaveB4 you only a
trembling home and a bad tasto In your
mouth. , ,
"I'll bet thero nrc fellows hero who
havo no carpets In their homes because
tho whisky corporations got a hold on
them and poured booze down their
throats. When a man docs that I don t
caro who ho Is, he's a Jackass, that s all
there Is about It.
"You should lay up for tho future. ou
know you can't always got work. There
will come n time when I will havo to run
In on n sldo trnck. My voice may go back
on me, who can tell?"
"I have to laugh," "Billy" said, as he
grinned thoughtfully. "When I first went
to work I got 3 a week. ou can bet in
those days people didn't call me a
In concluding his nddrcss, "Billy" re
marked: "Work, good conscientious work, is
your letter of credit. When you work
for God. God will work for you. But IT
you work for the devil, he will work for
you. too. And Ills pay Is a stoop
shouldered, bleary-eyed and haggard
SUNDAY VISITS SICK STUDENT
Evangelist Sees Young Man "Who Is
Making Brave Fight for Life.
"Billy" Sundny, touched by the story
of tho brave light for llfo being mado by
James W. Keith, a senior In the Jefferson
Medical College, In the Jefferson Hos
pital, where he has been hovering be
tween life and death for almost a year,
visited the hospital last night and spoke
a few words of encouragement to the
young man. This morning young Keith
seemed stronger thnn he had been for
some time nnd was delighted with the
call from the famous evangelist.
Mr. Sunday was told of Keith's suffer
ing by Police Captain Tempest. The stu
dent was Injured last April when ho fell
through a skylight in a fraternity house
at 71D Spruco street.
SUNDAY USHERS TO ORGANIZE
The ushers at the "Billy" Sunday tnuer-
nn. Unvn riaflnltAlV flpnlded tO fOmi B.
permanent organization, and will meet
next Monday to lorinumie iuuub u, ui
ganlzatlon. John Baker Tuttle, chief
..... nnI4 Thnmn, R MpOrlnrilft hnve
usirci, mil, ....." .
been appointed as a temporary committee
to form the ciud, wmen -win prou
nbly go under the name of the "Sunday
Campaign Ushers' Association."
Logan to Have "Bundle Day"
Logan wilt have a "Bundle Day" on
February 27. This was decided upon at
a meeting of the Logan Belief Associa
tion last night, when plans were com
pleted to get every resident of that sec
tion to make up a bundle of clothing or
food for tho popr. Twelve families have
been supplied with groceries and money
for rent. The association, which was
formed two months ago, has 100 members.
Report on "Uncle Joe's" District
WASHINGTON, Feb. 16. The Depart
ment of Justice lias received a report
from District Attorney Knrch, of the
ISth Illinois District, concerning alleged
frauds In connection with last fall's elec
tion at which ex-Speaker Cannon was a
successful congresrlonal candidate. This
report Is being held up pending the re
turn to the city of Assistant Attorney
Unltarlanlsm Is not a religion of
negations. On the contrary. It pro
claims a well-balanced system of
great and positive beliefs.
Unitarians Are Not Infidels.
On the contrary, they are nro.
eminent today for the Intensity and
joy of their consciousness that all
men live In the presence of the Liv
Unitarians Do Not Deny Jeaua Christ.
On the contrary, they arlorv In hav.
ins come close to him. Brushing
away ma enriy creea manors ana
taking Jesus at his own estimate,
Unitarians llnd In him "the way, the
truth, the life."
UnlU'rlanUm Is Not Merely
V. I. Jtts.t, tKlnlj that all .
w t , T....,n ,,,, ct men arc
capable of applying common sense
to their religion.
UaltarlauUm Does Not Overlook (he
Is nothing In life so Important a
goodness, and It preaches the stern,
moral law that eyory soul must bear
;be consequences of his sins.
meanwhile ask questions at
1815 N- Logan Square
An Open, Square, Aboveboard, Direct
Appeal to the Intelligence and
Judgment of the People
The railroads of Pennsylvania and New Jersey believe that the public
should be fully advised concerning the Full Crew laws in these states. Costly
experience has demonstrated that these laws have worked to the detriment of
public interest and that their repeal would redound greatly to the advantage
of the people.
Not a Fight On Trainmen '
The railroad companies making this announcement wish the public to
clearly understand that this appeal is in no way to be construed as being aimed
at the trainmen in their employ, nor is it an effort to curtail operating ex
penses at the cost of public safety or service.
The companies point to the fact, with justifiable pride, that whenever
public safety and convenience demanded an increased number of employes
the necessary men were put on trains. Behind this statement is a record of
advancements and improvement achievements which is a most vital factor of
calm and dispassionate consideration of the laws in question.
But when arbitrary laws aro patted which compel thcte railroad companies to burden
their payrolls with some $2,000,000 annually for watted, unwarranted extra labor,- and which
actually means a decrease, rather than an incrcatc, in operating efficiency, together with
heavier casualty lists, it is undeniable that the public should be put in full touch with exist
ing conditions that the people may judge wisely for themselves should an effort be made to
impugn the sincere motives which prompt this educational campaign.
How Full Crew Law Works
A twenty-nine-car freight train can be operated with five men. Add a car and an
extra man must go on. The law requires no larger crew on a hundred-car train.
A four-car passenger train can run with five men. On a five-car or longer train
there mutt be an extra man. Even if all the cars arc Pullmans, with porters and a Pullman
conductor, a six-man railroad crew is required.
A milk or express train of twenty or more cart, running through, scaled; and virtually
without stops, must carry a crew of six. The only place four of them would ride would be
in the end car.
When the Full Crew law became effective in Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania Railroad
Lines East of Pittsburgh and Eric were operating in Pennsylvania 2,971 weekday trains. Of
these, 1,198 passenger and 1,061 freight trains were manned up to or beyond the law's
The 1,198 passenger trains which were provided with crews equal to or in excess of
the law's requirements consisted principally of local or semi-local trains, making frequent
stops and handling a large number of passengers. The second brakcrhan was employed to
expedite the departure of trains from stations and to assist conductors in collecting tickets.
The 1,061 freight trains on which the law required no additional men consisted of
local freight trains carrying package freight, on which brakemen were required to load and
unload cars; road shifters, doing a large amount of work, necessitating the throwing of
switches and much hand braking on cars ; mine trains, placing empty cars and picking up
loaded cars, and through slow freight trains of heavy tonnage on the Philadelphia and Middle
Divisions on which the brakemen riding on, the front part of the trains were required to assist
Official Casualty Statistics
The effect of the Full Crew laws in forcing extra men into already adequate train
crews, thus dividing responsibility, has been to increase the hazard of operation. This fact
is conclusively proved by the official figures of the Interstate Commerce Commission. The
great number of persons killed who were neither employes nor passengers have not been
included, for it is obvious that extra men on trains ore powerless to prevent such casualties.
The Pennsylvania Full Crew law took effect on July 19, 1911. The Commission's
figures show that for the three-year period preceding" this date 10,186 employes and pas
scngers were killed. Since the law became operative, the total number killed shows an
increase, or 10,372 persons.
The casualty list of the Pennsylvania Railroad for the six months preceding the
enactment and the first six months of 1914, when the law was in full force and effect, dis
closes the following startling comparison:
Before Law, Under Law,
First half 1911 First half 1914
Killed Injured Killed Injured
Trainmen 15 1046 16 1699
Passengers 1 99 2 141
16 1145 18 1840
'Fell from train.
' What the Extra Man Costs
Twenty Railroads in Pennsylvania and New Jersey last year paid
in employment of superfluous brakemen .$2,000,000
That would have bought . 200 steel coaches
It would have bought 80 locomotives
It would have paid for , 67,000 tons of rails
It would have returned 5 on $40,000,000
It would have block signaled 800 miles of track
It would have eliminated 65 grade crossings
Rejected by Other States
A Full Crew law was enacted in Missouri and signed by the Governor in April)
1913. In November, 1914, it was submitted to a referendum vote. The people repudiated
the law by a vote of 324,085 against 159,593.
A proposed Full Crew law for Texas failed to pass owing to the popular protest against
it, led by the farmers.
In 1907, Governor Charles E. Hughes, of New York, vetoed an attempt to enact a
Full Crew law in that state.
In 1912, Governor John A. Dix, of New York, also vetoed a Full Crew measure.
Governor Fott, of Matsachusetts, vetoed a Full Crew bill passed by the legislature.
In 1913 the State Assembly wisely referred a Full Crew law to th,e Railroad
Commission of Connecticut, who promptly condemned it.
Governor Cruce,1 of Oklahoma, vetoed a Full Crew bill in 1913.
Attempts to enact Full Crew laws in Colorado, Delaware, Virginia, and Ohio wero
In Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Maryland such laws are in force. In
the interest of the public, the railroadt, and the great body of railroad employes, these
burdensome laws should be repealed. In Pennsylvania, approximately 65,000 men are
employed in train service. Only 2,500 of these are extra brakemen.
Will Wage a Just Fight
Railroads operating in Pennsylvania and New Jersey are determined to place their
case squarely and fairly before the people of those states. They are firmly convinced that
the people all of whom,- without exception, are affected more or less directly by the imposi
tion of this annual $2,000,000 burden, and thousands of whom are direct sufferers will,
knowing what a continuation of thete harmful laws means to them, voice their withes in no
uncertain way to their elected representatives at Harritburg and Trenton.
This campaign of public enlightenment will be waged by the railroads in a manner
that cannot possibly be legitimately assailed. There will be no lobbying, no star chamber
conferences, or private deals to influence public opinion or legislative action. The campaign
will be fought in the open, purely on its merits.
Railroad Pledge to Trainmen and Public
Definitely and finally to give public notice that the railroads ask only a square deal
all around in this matter, the presidents of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, Philadelphia
& Reading Railway Company and Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company, in announcing on
February 9 that the railroads intended to work for repeal of the Full Crew laws, pledged
themselves as follows: a ,
"Let us add that if there shall be evidence that without such laws the railroads
would underman trains, to the hardship of employes or the detriment of or Canger to the
public, that, assuming the present Public Service acts do not give to the commi sions ample
powers to determine what crews are necessary on different trains and to compel the rail
roads to man trains as ordered, wo will openly support such amendments to the present acta
as may be necessary to give such assurance."
The railroads now appeal directly to the people, who demand the greatest safety
at all times and who realize that a policy of wise economy, and not one of wasted revenue,
will enable the railroads to adequately fulfill their obligations and meet those demands as
they should be met.
President. Pennsylvania, Railroads
Preaident, Baltimore &. Otic Railroad.
t President, Philadelphia Reading Hallway.
R, L. O'DONNElrt
Chairman, Executive Committee, Associated Railroad of Pennsylvania, and New Jeyacjr "