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WJlXl.Kt Ettcutlra Editor
ft..n till i l .
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W" JL&dnta all communications to Evening
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trruo at mi rniLioiLrnu rosTorncn is sicond
ctiss Walt, virraa.
PHILADELPHIA, FItlDAY, lEDnUAnY S, 1913.
There are many avenues to success, but not
one of them Is without bumps.
"Will Fight for Ballot in Three States
THI3 woman suffrage amendment to tho
New York Constitution will bo submitted
to tho voters of that State next November.
A, similar amendment will bo voted on In
Pennsylvania, unless nit signs fall, and In New
Jersey also tho capacity of women to tako an
Intelligent part In tho conduct of government
Will be put beforo the male electorate as a
Jury. So, Jn thrco of tho greatest and rich
est of the Original Thirteen States votes for
women will bo tho big lasuo of tho fall
You can't make a man out of a woman,
avers Henry Watterson, and he Is right; but
neither can you make a man out of a ballot.
All men vote, but all who voto are not men.
It Jo quite possible that a woman can decide
whom she want3 to represent her without los
ing any of her Interest in tho home and with
out defemlnlzlng herself In any other way.
As for mollycoddle voters, the woods are al
ready full of them: better women who want
to voto than men who can but won't.
Women In Western campaigns have shown
an understanding of political method that
has boon amazing. There is a sweep to their
plans for the Eastern fight that augurs suc
cess. That thoy have a genius for politics
will bo amply demonstrated.
The Pay Envelope Is Not Responsible
"pILLY" SUNDAY got hold of a funda--
hiental truth when ho told the women of
the Phllorauslan Club that tho pay envelope
ought not to bo blamed for tho evil done by
men and women. But it Is blamed. When
a bank clerk defaults, and It Is disclosed that
ho was getting $1200 a year while handling
millions, sumo shallow thinkers will ask,
"What can bo expected if tho banks do not
pay their clerks big salaries?" If they would
think a little deeper, or if they had memories,
they would know that bank presidents, draw
ing largo salaries, sometimes aro defaulters
also. They would know that there are big
criminals and little criminals, according as
opportunity offers Itself to the criminal in
stlnctr but that honesty does not depend on
tho size of the salary.
Every one who goes wrong is willing to
shift responsibility to some one else, and cer
tain sociologists havo made It popular lately
to blamo low wages when a girl lapses from
virtue. O. Henry has a famous story on tho
subject that Is as moving1 to the emotions as
It is false in morals. Hundreds of surface
emotionalists call It great. Hut tho wrong
doer who examines his own heart, must con
fess that ho fell because ho was weak. When
the, test came he was a broken reed, and tho
responsibility rests on his own head.
This Is tho kind of moral and political gos
pel to preach If there Is to be any great up
lift. Bungling by Amateurs
MR. WILSON'S address before the Cham
ber of Commerce of the United States
Justified Doctor Eliot's famous remark that
we aro now governed by amateurs. When
tho antitrust bill was before Congress the
JHresIdent Insisted that It be passed with those
provisions In it to which experienced busi
ness men objected hampering provisions, de
liberately Intended by the men who drafted
them to tie the bands of business and pre
vent combinations formed in the interest of
economy and efficiency. The warnings of the
business men were unheeded and the bill Is
And now the President tells an assembly
of business men that tho very law, which
he. was praising a few months ago as a char
ter of liberty for the small manufacturer. Is
defective because It will not permit a group
of men to unite their forces in pushing the
ale of their products in foreign countries.
Of course It Is defective and It should never
have been passed.
The President has the good grace to admit
that he Js learning and that he had never
before attended a school In which the oppor
tunities for a, liberal education were so broad
HI those In the White House. But If he has
discovered that business men who opposed
Us antitrust program were wiser than he,
IrRy does not he listen to the wisdom of the
kuslness men who now tell him that his shlp
jiurchase plan la worse than his antitrust
JawT He may be learning, but he has not
y?t learned enough.
Farm Boys Arc Needed in the City
DEtAWABB farm hoys can do much
worse than come to Philadelphia to work
c trolley car conductors and mlllhands, an,d
an lijtrYmenc In the rural schools of the
Stata would have little effect upon the migra
tion. f the alert and. ambitious to this city.
Yst the Delaware. Commissioner of Education
lias ben bewailing the employment of the
boys here Instead of on the home farms. !
ought to know that labor goes where there la
t demand for It, and h.e ought to bo diplo
matic enough ta refrain from making any
tevMiou comparisons between different Oo-
aajljamwyp. . uvuvy ar muuor W as
f wrrty' a. citii as a man behlndf the plow,
Mjf mfitx wmaJUar maabjna Jn a, mill s nT
IMfd t Mm hum kind of wrk as tbat wfatah
.itiM R turning gvJmiaene la a
11.. HflimapK toys Who bav Mm) enwpy
-. J -t tK'ihm to pet out inu tte world and
.... iii.-n hviiitf -ker vmma H'e good iud
jr- MHitatttiw w f.'JvuicmiH sir.
i. . j wrii m msjtefc vtiM t tt br
.i ! h IU (at t$4 tj ta ma Both
11 ' ' . '' .
kind of tollers are needed. The cities would
becomi stagnant If It were not for tho In
fusion of fresh blood from tho Inexhaustible
reservoirs of tho country, and Delaware can
fulni Its mission If It sends every year sev
eral hundred slcrt youth to thlBelty. And Its
nubile school should bo so conducted as to
train tho boys to hold their own with tho
best when thoy do come here, Tho larger
Philadelphia grows tho better demand will
thero be for the products of tho Delaware
farms, and the annual migration to this city
benefits both tho folks who stay and those
Beware the Hands of Esau
T WOULD not bo fair to accuso Finance
Commltteo of Councils, or Mr. John P. Con
nelly, the chairman of that body, or Mr.
Charles Scger, who has Introduced a resolu
tion asking Director Taylor to furnish Infor
mation which has been for months available
In his ofnclnl reports and has b'cen shouted
from housetops day nftor day, of betraying
tho Interests of Philadelphia. Tor Klnanco
Committee must needs wait on Its chairman
to bo called together, and Mr. Connelly, as
chairman, must needs wait for tho Control
ler's report, and Mr. Seger must needs havo
time to find out what every Intelligent citizen
In town already knows.
Thero can bo no March election now. Thero
can bo an April election and subway construc
tion this summer, however, If tho obstruc
tionists quit obstructing. Mr. Connelly has
tho Controller's report. It may bo assumed,
therefore, that his conscientious scruples will
not causo'hlm further to hold Philadelphia
back, to penalize the citizens and continue for
an Indoflnlto period .he exchange ticket "out
rage. Mr. Scger, too, can get hold of Di
rector Taylor's report at any time, and ho and
other Councllmen who havo not heard of tho
transit plan, havo a full two weeks In which
to master Its contents, for It Is very simple
and not at all Intricate. So thero Is nothing
In the way of favorable action for an April
election, unless, of course, new bogeys are
discovered and new excuses for thwarting
tho ambition of Philadelphia.
Tho people lovo to bo fooled. Tho trickster
tricks them over and over again and they
rush to him with their votes Just the same;
but that is because the pcoplo are credulous.
Once let them understand that they have
been duped and their Interests traded off:
onco let them see betrayal In Its nakedness,
and they crush to smithereens tho man who
has victimized them. There Is a suspicion of
trickery about now; any further delay and
it will ripen Into conviction.
Let there be no mistaking the facts. Citi
zens aro offered a universal flve-cent fare and
quick transit between all parts of the city.
At tho rnd of 30 or CO jcars the entire now
system would belong absolutely to tho city
and not a dollar would bo owed on It.
The dilatory attitude of Finance Commltteo
means that thousands of citizens must bo
mulcted In the sum of six cents the day more
than they ought to pay; that practically the
entire population must wasto precious min
utes in going to and from work, hanging on
straps; that Philadelphia must lag behind
other great cities and do without modern fa
cilities. The city Is unanimously for rapid transit,
except for a few gentlemen 'who apparently
aro strongly represented in Finance Commit
tee. These few men inside stand up against
the hundreds of thousands outside who know
what they want and Intend to get It. It Is
an unequal fight. Sore-heads and hang-backs
are Invariably crushed. Antl-PhlUidelphlans
will do well to become pro-Phlladelphlans In
a hurry. There Is work to be done and the
Jugglers must get out of the way. The voters
hae asked for a chance to otc. and they
Intend to have It.
American Traditions Upheld
THE margin of victory was narrow, as an
ticipated, but the House yesterday upheld
the President's veto of the Immigration bill,
with Its constrictive literacy test. A snob
bish policy at its best and a vicious ono at
its worst, the spelling-book test will not be
come an American principle. The best of
our traditions has been upheld and the door
of opportunity Is still open to men and women
of character who wish to avail themselves
THE war In Europe Is likely to teach the
Europeans the value of cornmeal as
human food. The demand for It has already
boosted the price of corn in the American
markets, and is likely to boost it still higher.
This is unfortunate for the domestic consum
ers of corn bread and boiled mush, but there
will be compensations. After the war Is over
the Europeans who have eaten corn and
found It good will continue to eat It, and the
fields of waving corn on the American farms
will be transformed into gold mines. The
yellow kernels will glint with the real lustre
But even though cornmeal Is dearer than It
was a few weeks ago, It Is still cheaper than
wheat flour. Necessity may teach some
Americans that they can reduce the coat of
living, even now, by using more cornmeal.
And that Will be another form In whloh the
compensation will manifest Itself.
Seven Little Bisters and now Seven Little
-One of the compensations of a, snowstorm is
that It provides work for the unemployed?
Eggs are so expensive that It takes wo or
three quarts of wheat to buy a dozen of
Thero Is a real enjersenoy when men are
out of work and It requires real money to
help them. -
It. JS all right to wage war on Canada, but
toBi IJnUsjl States Is not a good plaea from
wbiob, toao lfc
Hi -1i4l "m i ll j m, i
When she has an art so perfect that yu
cannot tell it from nature, why should Bramy
INattinn. seek to b naturalised T
Tteftt AuasUa s,iri wbo boa bva in 13 bat
tUm i clow rival af the AjMM&ftt SMSBiw
gtrt lw wrrvd m aaynwiaj !,,
' ''''" .' " -" ' '
ON THE BATTLE TJNE
OF IUCH AND POOR
Both Sides Met Beforo n Commission.
They Were Mother Jones and n
doling Millionaire Tho Original
Closed Shop Discovered.
By VANCE THOMPSON
Day after day tho baltlo went on. It was a
00ft, slow, unurgont fight, as though alt men
know It began In tho beginning of days hnd
would go on to tho end of days. Thero
was no hurry, for this was tho otcrnal bat
tlo between tho Haves and tho WanUto
Haves. And so men saluted each other
courteously, nn In a leisurely Hundred
Years' War, and put up their swords at
noontide, and lunched and went at It again
lh tho afternoon. But nil tho snmo It was
Will you look on for a moment? Possibly
In thl3 casual way you may got nt tho real
significance) of what Is called (rather pom
pously) tho United States Commission on In
dustrial Rein t Ions.
It began, I believe, when Congress was
petitioned to Investigate tho labor troubles
of tho lionworkers. Beforo tho slow-mov
ing statesmen got their law passed that
troublo had been dynamited Into prison, so
tho commission was loosed upon nn nmplor
Investigation of labor and tho men who
labor. It went forth
To mako nn inqultlon
Into their real condition,
and find n remedy for tholr Ills and discon
tent. Thcrcforo tho Eight Inquisitors sit In
tho palo .Colonial room of City Hall, New
York, In a dignified semicircle hedged off
from tho awed spectators. To tho left Is a
high-backed chair wherein Big Money sit
ting uneasily, is put to tho question.
Look nt tho Inquisitors.
Big Men Don't Abnub. "Walsh
In tho ccntro sits tho chief. Ho Is Frank
P, Walsh, nn Irish-fncod man of 40, with
red hair and a freo Western manner, a law
yer. It Is a plain and evident matter that
ho has a heart. Littlo Indignations quiver
In his volco when ho speaks of tho Poor
Man who has been mutilated In tho mills
of toll. Withal the Rich Ma- does not abash
him. You may plcturo him lolling back In
his big chair, his hands clasped at tho back
of his head, his elbows pointing north and
south, a smllo on his shrowd, kindly Irish
face, as ho glowers shortsightedly through
his glases at tho nlch Man. At his left sits
a gray, alert old mnn of toll, Lcnnon, the
treasurer of tho American Federation of
Labor. Ho eyes tho Rich Men warily ns
they come and go and keeps It may be
habit and not a precaution a light grip on
his watch chain.
Next to tho laborer member sits Mrs Ilar
rlman, the only woman on tho commission.
Sho Is dressed in widow's weeds. Tho hat Is
curious and amazingly effective. It Is flat
and angular and tho crepo falls In straight
lines down cither sldo of tho face You havo
seen something of the kind In old Venetian
pictures, and Indeed it Is to a medioval pic
ture that tho beautiful, clear eyed, patrician
face rightly belongs. To her right sits Mr.
Welnstock, a California merchant. He Is in
a revolving chair, so that ho can turn his
back on the lady and look out of tho window
or turn his back on tho window and talk
cheerily to tho lady; thus hour after hour he
swings between the two like a pendulum.
Round to tho chairman's left are four com
missioners: O'Connell, a glzzlcd and drowsy
looking (but that Is only his way) man of
labor; Ballard, a Kentucky manufacturer, a
gray and steady man, who sat hour after
hour, his chin In his hand, pondering; Gar
retson, an old conductor with a fine bony
head, rimmed with gray hair, who studied tho
Rich Man with cold, unblinking eyes; and
last of all. Professor Commons, of tho Uni
versity of Wisconsin, who Is expected to
write tho tcport of tho commission. Him you
mny plcturo ns .1 small dark man, wholly
nlive, spectacled, as every self-respecting pio.
fessor should be, with a strong, ccccntilc face
madp fine by habits of thought.
These, then, aio tho Inquisitors.
They faco a dark, crowded, silent audience
that fills the pink curtained loom. Doubtless
many thero aro eminent. You need only look
nt that obscurely celebrated old woman,
Mother Jones, of Colorado. Sho Is dressed In
tho decency of black serge, with white laco
at the throat, and is altogether a radiant and
winsomo heroine oven the Rich Man looks
upon her without disapprobation.
And what havo they done?
What docs a commission with a pompous
title usually do?
They have talked. Day after day, leaning
back in his chair his e!bov3 squared
over his head Chairman Wulsh has asked
questions. So doing ho has dono (as he
would say) his "Juty." The chairman was
very fond of that word, and said a great
deal about the Juty of Capital and tho Juty
of Democracy and other solemn Jutles. At
first the Rich Men who were put to the ques
tion took refugo In pragmatism. Mr. Schlff
and Mr. Guggenheim had theories, based
largely on the German system of doing
Mr. Ford, who manufactures automobiles,
I think, was anything but pragmatic. He
fired a shot that with the less momentous
one fired at Lexington has rung round the
world. He made one of those amazing state
ments that make men sit up and think
make them stand up and che?r. I do not bo-
Heve there Is a newspaper In the world, East
ur tvcoi, mm new itui juiiiteu nis ueciaranon
that ho could (and given the chance would)
take every prisoner In Sing Sing and employ
him profitably at a good wage In his factories.
It knocked the wind out of the criminologists.
It set the reformers thinking, Jt mad? the
rigid old crime hunters gasp. And perhaps
there waa in It the germ of a new and
rational treatment of the convicts of our
thousand prisons and Jails. That may bej
but one thing Is suret. If Mr. Ford is not
careful he will get himself talked about
and his automobile factory, tpo.
All this was skirmishing, '
A Man You Can't Define
The real battle waa fought when Mr. X
D. Rockefeller, Jr., was called tp the stand.
You have heard of Fablus Mr. Hockefeller s
a great general alpng Fabian JJnsa, Withal
his Is an Interesting personality a most
curiously Interesting personality. 1 do not
think I have ever studied a man of whom
H is harder to say -We Js thbj" or "He i
that." There are no angles that define him.
You are looking at a coqI, smooth surface.
80 far as tha physical man goes tho chief
note is one of Inconsplcuousnesa lie Is one
of those men you never remember haying
seen, bcauf you have seen a tboutajid Just
mvh ms. He ta neither tiM nor uhoH. r
j Maut or thla. Ht U nornwL H U tfca av
'"' ...... ' '
,, jA?. vw cK.lv s-svl ,AT
t u n - .r,
ngo man. Ho has a longlsh, down drooping
face, with daik, sereno eyes; his hair is
brown and when you havo snld that you
havo snid everything. Thero Is nothing
more. Mr. Rockefeller Is Inconspicuous not
in a mysterious way but simply, Just as
tho lamp post Is, because It Is ono among
ninny thousands. On thl3 youngish man of
40 there aro no signs of the stress and sag
of nn Incredible hugo fortune and stagger
ing responsibilities. Ho took his place in the
tall-backed chair Just In front of tho grim
portrait of old Zachary Taylor and Bpread
out his papers on the desk. And there ho was
a calm, pleasant man In brown tweeds' and
bar and clot shirt who kept a wary eyo on
tho Inquisitor and waited.
And tho Chief Inquisitor went at him.
Such n Duel of Wits
It was evident thnt Mr. Walsh was n keen
and expert cross-examiner; It was evident
that ho was thoroughly familiar with tho
dark and tragic labor wars In Colorado ana
with tho Rockcfcllor Foundation and with
all tho multiple Rockefeller affairs; it was
evident that his heart was In his work.
He thrust and backed and hawed, he
coaxed and cooed In his Irish voice; ho dou
bled and turned nnd twisted; lie tried Irony
and claborato politeness; ho affected weari
ness and Incredulity; and nothing happened.
Always In front of him was tho cool smooth
surface of a politeness blander than his own
a deadlly defense thnt ho could not pierce. It
was an astounding thing. I havo seen many
gi cat men giants face nn Inquisition In
court or In Parliament; but I have never seen
so calm nnd deft and tilumphant a witness
ns J. D. Rockefeller, Jr. It was not an Intel
lectual exhibition. There waa nothing Intel
lectual about It. What was In It was some
thing rarer and subtler and more Indescrib
able. You might think of It In terms of
sword piny, but thero wns no apparent effort
no flash no clank of feteel. I think Mr.
Walsh's feeling must have been that of a
man without hands In front of a locked door.
Ho couldn't get In.
It was not that Mr. Rockefeller refused toan
swer. He answered every question with grave
politeness, with ample explanations, with po
litely worded qualifications, with an evident
cate to answer with scruplous exactitude;
only, when ho was done you (suddenly real
ized that he had left tho matter exactly
where It was when the question was put. He
was so entirely master of himself that he
was Inevitably tho master of tho commis
sion. Now it Is not an easy thing to face for
das a skilled nnd earnest cross-examlner, to
answer him fully, elaborately, with unfailing
readiness, and yet never for one moment to
say anything but what one has determined to
I hao nover seen It dono bofore. And
therefore I say that behind the cool, smooth
surface of that Rich Man that youngish
man who has raised Inconsplcuousness to an
art thero must be a strange kind of power,
I do not know what It Is. It may be Will
and a trained Will Is a formidable thing.
And what does an Inquisition of this sort
amount to? What will Professor Commons
put In his scholarly report?
There has been a lot of abstract talk about
the psychology of labor, benevolent absolut
ism and uplift; there have been certain sad
concrete facta about the deeply Intrenched
lives of certain miners; there have been dls
quieting discussions about huge, oyertoppltng
fortunes that are (an Irish volcel Intimates)
trying to buttress themselves up on charity
foundations; but talk of this sort has never
changed anything. Reports to Congress do
not usually work miracles.
Yet I do not think the Inquisitors have
wasted their days. You may remember a
statement, which Is possibly historical: "Now
there were two men In one city; the one
rich, the other poor," The United States
Conynlsslon on Industrial Relatlpns has
brought those two men face to face; out of
the wary oye-searohlng good may come.
And one thing more. I have discovered
I give you my proud word for It the original
It Is J. D. Roekefeller. Jr.
Forenoon and afternoon and night Forenean.
And afternoon, and nlghti-Forenoon, and
The empty oag rpau ItKif. No mare?
, Ts. that U Uto Mke this fereaooa tuMunc,
SWf atUfiwoo a Mbn. this nigbt a ??&
j4 'fto U eouid. i4 tby etptra is wn.
" "" ' '
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!- MUl 11 mmi itttsI I I I 1 l3tj JSC5fVn',44BAWjffS3f
PANCHO VILLA IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF DIAZ
Mixed Qualities in the Character of
Anew as the Man of Destiny in Muddled Mexico. w
PANCHO VILLA, who on several occasions
has maintained that ho would rather bo
right than President of Mexico, Is at last
President In tho guise of a dictatorship. In
his Hfo ho has played many parts. Fugitive
bandit, leader of a causo, warrior, dictator
tho annals aro briefly told. Less than two
year3 ngo, the story iun3, he slipped out of
El Paso on a borrowed horse, with a revolver
In his belt and seven dollars nnd a half In
"Will he ever sit in the presidential chair?"
was the question of 1914. Thero is yet no an
swer, but he is still tho big figure In Muddled
Mexico, still hailed by not a few of its pcoplo
as "tho man of the hour." Strange things
havo happened belotv tho Rio Grande, as
those who are familiar with tho history of
Porflrlo Diaz know; and stranger things may
yet happen. Villa is following tho path that
Diaz trod how far therein will he go?
The Robin Hood of Mexico
His admirers claim that Jn his bandit days
ho robbed tho rich to divide tho spoils with
tho poor. Thus he appears In the character
of Robin Hood. Tales like this are uncer
tainties, but Pancho Villa must havo dono
something, it seems, to ha;o won the devo
tion given him so freely even beforo ho rode
out on a borrowed horse for the Invasion of
Mexico. They who have seen him at his
present work testify that he Inspires as no
other man In that much Inspired country.
Ho Is described as stocklly built and of
medium height, with tho chest nnd shoulders
of" n prlzo-ilghter and with a head that Is
really "bullet-shaped." Receding from tho
back of the neck and from the Jaw it tapers
upward In tho most extraordinary fashion.
His head is covered with black hair as crisp
and curly as a negro's; his skin Is tho color
of a well-smoked meerschaum; a small black
mustache serves to hide a mouth that Is
cruel even when It Is smiling. Tho most at
tractive feature of the face Is tho eyes, which
are largo and brilliant and piercing. But a
reporter who saw them blazing at Torreon
describes them as "the eyes of a man who
will some day go crazy."
Love and Fear and Power
It has been Raid that If he has any religion
at all It is the religion of demanding absolute
obedience from his officers and men. Rut In
return for this obedlenco ho gives them al
ways und everywhere the best attention and
care possible, and his generosity to tho hosts
of poor people who come to him for help has
been many times reported. Ho has tho two
characteristics necessary to a Mexican leader.
Not only does lie Instil In his followers fear
of disloyalty, but he makes them believe In
his sincerity. He acts the part of a real
friend on the battlefield or off. When his
orders are disobeyed he docs not reason with
those at fault he shoots them or locks
"Diaz ruled wjth the Iron hand," comments
a writer who knows Mexico and the Mexi
cans, "but he went little among tb,e people;
he was always to most of them a man In a
station above them, And be lost his grip;
his subjects had only fear and little If any
love for him. Madero neither Inspired nor
awed his men. Villa does both. He Is a
companero,' his men say the highest tribute
a Mexican can pay." Love and fear Villa
plays each against 'the other. Such Is the
secret of his power,
lie Starts a Train
At Juarea one day Villa rode over to the
railway station to superintend th$ departure
of a punitive expedition which he was rush
ing south. Owing to some mishap to the en.
gne the train was late In starting. Villa,
after angrily striding up and down the plat
form a few tlmea, went across to his chief of
transport, and Jerking loose his heavy auto
matic, shoved the muzzle In the face of that
"If that train Isn't out of the station in five
minutes," he snarled, "r blow your head
"But, Bwiwal" trembjiBgly lm not re
sponsible for !b delay. Ta ttiEiae's brakwt
the Famous Ex-Bandit, Who Figures!
"That doesn't concern mo," said Villi
coldly. "I'm not an engineer I'm a soldier,,
If that train doesn't movo In lilvo minutes m
you'll bo dead!"
You have heard "mind over matter!" Any.
how, tho train moved.
Another Incident illustrates his peremptory
methods. When tho rebel chief entered
Chihuahua In December of 101J Villa called
to him a Driest, demanding tho kevs to a cer
tain church property which lie wanted to use j
for a storehouse. Tho priest replied that only
tho bishop could turn over the keys, and th
bishop was not in tho city. Thereupon VIllsJ
"I hereby make you bishop. Give me thi
And ho got them.
Much thnt Iq ncrlv hna hpftn tnil nt Vran.
clsco Villa his commandeering of women! J
how ho killed his best man at ono of his two a
weddings; his arrest of wife No. 2 on H
chargo of stealing money; many stories of his
ferocious temper and contempt for human
life; his brutal executions of prisoners. ,,
"Thoso that I have executed," he said a year H
ngo, In response to tho protest of an Ameri
can visitor, "deserved all thoy got. Hereafter
wo shall conduct tho war along more civilized
A Man of Destiny
Out of tho multitude- of btorles of the good
and bad in this extraordinary man It Is hard
to find tho real Villa; but In recent months,
especially, he has been credited with a lopg
advance In his personal civilization Perhaps
ho must still bo culled a grossly uneducated
man, but his Ignorance is not so dense as It 3'
was a few years ago. He taught himself to
WnH ntlri Tin lino lnotnA.1 cmnfHInt- 01 H
- , ...... ..U ...... aw.. ..wu uuuibtM,D S
geography slnco the time when ho said to ana
"I know El Paso is not the largest town In
the United States. I have heard there Is
larger place called Chicago. But look tfl
this" taking a large scale map qt Mexico 1
and placing It over a small scalo map of tM4
United States. I
'"Aha!" ho said, "you seo that your country
is smaller than mlno."
TTIa atnitn.n l1 ilii AmiAi.J nannla ftf
his race, following his sudden rise to prom-Si
InPtlPA line tflAA cnm.n .,.,, nt- nt ln iTvl All Pi 1H
upon him. His advisers nro educnted ram.
His generalship nnd strategy are praised M
in the bfirhpRf f-Armct rtr rv.tlltnvv pYnprtSts
Of Amerlrn. nnd Tl!llrnn TlVitMi rtf wtlflt is H
called "force of character" helps account's
for his remarkable caroor. In Mexico and
elsewhere there may be found a great faith '
Francisco Villa as a national reconstruction
1st. At least he looms large as a maker ef
Mexican events. )
Men who knew him before his emergence toj
fame, when he had only a handful of tat
tered horsemen at his command, say tlistj
even then ho was planning to be Presldept.
Whether Ills ambition has o'erleapt U"1 Uf
time will tell, but In Us service he avoids b Kg
folly of Huerta. He does not drink.
"WHISKY IS A POOR PILOT 1
To tht Editor of h nunl.. r.,fn,
Sir I dealre to taka airantlnn tn vour tii'!M
torial In today's paper headed "Whisky U S
roor -uoi." m which you make the assertions
umt in? uoara or commissioners of Navieaii9"
JUver pilots who get drunk The queat'ou oil
rttlntn Tln. IntAwt......... 1.nM .., U.. ...Iran ttB:!
-.., ." iuiv.iv4.cu JIM liuv uec .. -ff'aa
vi w .uuaiu vi iuinnusaianers oi fitYi6"v"
according to the secretary, with whom I o"
ferred this morning, nor have the pommlMiOJier
passed any regulations concerning this ques
tion. The law of 1803 provides that ehpuld MJ
pilot become Intoxicated while in charge "',.
vessel a snan ror the nrst pfrense lose m j"
cense for the period of 1? months and for IW
second offense be forevor afterwards depriv
of hie license; therefore such action as
claim the commissioners took yesterday I" B
perfiuous. I consider your editorial moat Vn'
fair to a body of men consisting of 7$ Pot
the majority of wnom do not use liquor la W,
form. JOHN P VUJ--n
Pre!dnt of the Pilots' Assocltiles.
Philadelphia, February J. 1915.
The Kveniucj Ledobb had no Intention H:
u uniair io one of the most courageous "n:
of men In the coirtmunltv when it corometi
On tha recent sntlnn nt tha 13,,-rri of CO.1
intMlent of Navigation. The fut thU 1
law penauxeg drunkenness among the pno'-s '
tjie genvral conformity of the pilots t to
liwjteiiH tlwt pijbNc oirfalon sustains toe It1
MM t9 l tn9 eetasnn ttc warn?
pes pilet adltor akRMpra JaiLR,.