Newspaper Page Text
YfiHrHff EPaEBPHtLPBIlPHX SATURDAY, JAOTABY 30, 191S
GERMAN HOST FLEES
AS CZAR TAKES POST
Pillkallen Shelled and Gar
rison Routed in Fierce
Russian Drive Toward
Hast Prussian Capital.
PETItOCHlAD, Jan. 30.
RtiMlah troops, In the new Enst I'rus
ilftn ddVAnce on Koentgsberg, have occu
pied frllkfillen, after AhelllttR- the town,
from 'Which sevarnl thousand Inhabitants
fled, leaving only 800 women nml old
men, "tvhen the Cznr's forces entered.
"With l'lltkftllort In the hands of tho
Ruealnn column on tho Cltimblnrioii front,
the Invaders aro pressing forward In the
direction of Koenlgsberg, despite the
desperate feslstanco of tho Clermnns.
Ths northern column of tho new army
or Invasion, which Is marching 011 Til
sit, IS meeting with but feeble resistance
from 'tho Germans, It Is olflclnlly an
nounced. Tho German forces at Tilsit
are reported to bo falling hack and tens
of thousands of Prussians aro fleeing
from their homes.
This Russian force has cut tho railway
leading to Memel,
The Germans have strdng dofenses
northward of the Maxurlan I.akoe region
to Insiterberg, along the Angerap Itlvor.
but tlyy are comparatively weak farther
The Russians are steadily closing In on
Jnsterberg from the north, east nml
southeast Tilsit Is virtually surrounded,
a correspondent telegraphs from tho
front, and the Russians thero nrp In a
position to threaten tho left wing of the
Germans defending the lino of 1'lllkallen
Landelmen. AUSTRIA SEIZES GRAIN SUPPLY
Follows German Lead to Conserve
VENICE, Jan. 30.-The Austrian Gov
ernment has decided to organise a grain
monopoly on similar lines to those es
tablished by Germany. The Austrian
Minister of Agriculture has announced
that the army has procured supplies of
grain sufficient to last until the end of
Owing to the quantities of bnrlcy and
maize now being taken for breadstuffs,
according to advices from Vlemi.t, thero
Is a lerlous shortage In the supply of
fodder. Almost no grain is being offered
on' the" markets In Vienna, Budapest or
itesnondlng to the appeals of land
owners, tho Austrian Government has
consented to the employment of pris
oners of war In field work, thus replac
ing peasants who have gone to tho front
RUSSIANS SINK STEAMSHIP
ROME. Jan. 30. The Russian fleet In
the Black Sea has sunk n steamship car
rying contraband. The Greek crew was
PORT OF PHILADELPHIA
Vessels Arriving Today
irif ""b TSj!c",i5r ,Varlncr P'h -Manchester
Zk. ,-.-Jkhn: ."- nrchandli. Phlludel-pnla-Manchceter
m5iEi.,iFi!cI"05. Bo"1", passengers and
merchandise, Ericsson Lino.
Str. Mohican, Norfolk, merchandise, Clyde
Steamship Company. "
Vessels Sailing Today
ot. John a. ,, i. American Lfn-
orders, Charles, M. Taylor-. Boris."
oir. -ruaenia urui.) Uldrbo,
Wind-White Coal MlnlnV rMmnn.,,.
?.. "raMi luri. Hand. TnniD co
Daili "oi' lBr''' Tu""r- ew ork- Galley.
MftTylor."s"na.nr) IM'itr- Malttt. Charles
Str. JUaartriuidylc (Dutch). Stuffors, Rotter
dam, Holland-America Lino.
Str. 'Algiers. Schutze. Tampa, Port Arthur
"1? T2' c"y- Southern Steamship Company.
8tr. Tuscan. Thacher. Hoaion, Merchants and
Miners' Transportation Company.
Steatnshlps to Arrive
J'm. From. Date
Themlato rtotterdam Dec. 18
Auchencrag Cruz Grande ...Jan 3
Jomabore Ardrossan Ian. 11
Gkjoldbprg Copenhagen ....Jan. 11
Florentine Huelva Ian 12
I.uclllnff Cardiff Jan tT
Mackinaw London Jun 17
Plfturla Shield Ion I'll
Nike Cardiff . Jan i
Manchester Miller .....Manchester ...'.'. Jin SH
"ave-t Shields Jan Si
Port Ahtonlo Port Antonio . . Jan 27
Teeedala Savana la Mar. .Jan 27
Caftlemoor Algter. ....... ..An. in
Drindltla. Shields V.. Jin. is
Steamships to Leave
Narna. For. nate
Caterlno London Feb 1
Manchester Mariner,. .Manchester ..iiFeb! 1
PORT OF NEW YORK
Steamships to Arrive
Af0"; Liverpool . ..
Alannia Liverpool ....
J'; oraa. Nlpe
Chicago Havre ......
Steamships to Leave
, notteraara .
.-.a. f .lir.FMinl
Alannla ,,. .... Liverpool ..
Pant Anna, .....Marseilles ..
Oscar u ...Copenhagen
Movements of Vessels
Str. Caatlemoor Br.). Naples for Phii,i.i.
hl, aCTlved at Alaleni January 20 """
Str. Finland Mm,p tH. ' V. tri. -.
irnta jvapies January
Btr Brindllla (AmV
-)d from RhlflMa Jam,
ftma MinK :!;,,'" ,'"" "" 'mej
r -T". .."'" r"
for Phlladlnhi ..,
Ian,, aw 0 ' ...
-is,r. AuJK"1.,Jti,,, ,rom' Philadelphia, ar
IVl-hl at TVi-nntr. Tamtam IT -...--, i
""Pla. arrived at
irimS'mrr'Pr PW""1"DhU' "
Str Bun, fhlladelphlii tor Soeila. was E12
AUU l44 ot Ambroaa Channel lightship at T
p. m. January sa. '
Str. Great Northern, Philadelphia for Ban
rncl. was it mllaa south ef Overfall
lightship at P. in January til, iteport ba"
rometer 30 43. air 67 wind calm. 'vtvon oa
St. IsrwU Lurkejibach. Ban Ftanslsco for
Nevir Torn, way 100 miles south of Delaware
Capes at noon January 20. wr
Str J, M. auffey. Port Arthur for Pnlladel
Cbla, was 2io inle southeast of Sabine bar at
noon January 20
Str. Tole4o. tewing- ehr. Delaware Bun. Ba
fclna fur Philadelphia. Mas 130 miles east of
tabus btr at 8 p. m. January 29.
FREIGHTS AND CHARTERS
Scarcity of ships restricts buslneas In the
stteara ttarket and lucre the preepect of
further rl-e in the rate. Ball market ratea
are imorovln with u tnereaslug demand for
CalUac for). Atlantis Kane to Piraeus.
so Quarter. IW. Ta., February.
fOt.). 1S.P0O Quarters, slice. 10.
Greek). S1.O0O Quarter, umr in
Uulf loadlnr. lis,, March,
(oreirnl New .Tfrkto Cblnklanx
il. petroleuu) lii,0 cases, 3c..
T7&3 tea Iratteaitautlc trad.
. I'm rtvrr
S.i-fc Wwed 12ft to N Tw to
OKMtuhaiiii jteneral tarto- private) tens. Keb)
jciio 0 ''''' Ma tou Phi;eiau 10
OFFICIAL WAR REPORTS
The ttustlan occupation of Plllkallen
was preceded by n day's shelling of
the place, during which tho garrison
suffered heavy low. Out of a popula
tion of 000 or 7009 only 300 women and
children and old men remained In
Pillkallen when the Itusslans entered.
Tho Germans have strong defenses
northward In tho Mazurlan Lako
region and along the river Angerap,
hut further northward to Tilsit the
Germans are comparatively weak,
The llusslatui aro still pushing on
Tilsit from both the north and the
south. The German attack on the left
flank of our south or 11 column com
The present phase of the war In
Gnllela Is proceeding favorably for us.
The attempts of the Itusslans to out
flank the Austrian army near Nowy
Sandec, In order to open the way for
another attack against Cracow, has
led to a counter-offensive by Archduko
Joseph Ferdinand. The nrmy of Arch
duke Joseph Ferdinand, supported by
heavy artillery, Is pressing In the ell
lection of Tarnow to get In the rear
of the Husslau nrmy In Gallcla to cut
equally Ineffective was the Ttusslan
Invasion of Hungary nnd the attempt
to Invade Transylvania from Duko
wlna to Isolntc the army of General
Fischer and to Isolate our troops In
the Carpathians. While In Poland tho
Germans nro pushing their trenches
nearer ami nearer to Wat saw, tho
Teutonic allies are also gaining ground
In the Carpathians. We are In pos
Mcsslon of tho ground from Nagy-Ag
Valley to Luwlkowna, and again hold
Toionya Pass. In llukowlna the en
emy has retreated to Klmpolung, fol
lowing tlio victory of General Fisch
er a army near Klrllbaba. Great trans
poits "of Ttusslan prisoners nro being
convoyed into central Austria from
tho HuzslgleseJ district.
Tho day of tho 2Dth waa calm all
over the battlo front. In Belgium,
artillery combats havo taken place.
Ilefore Culnchy, noar La Pasfec the
Ornish troops have repulsed the at
tacks of three German battleships.
The cnomy suffered heavy Iobscs
To tho north of Arras, near N'euvll-Lcs-Vnnst,
our heavy artillery got tho
rnngo of tho German batteries and
blew up an ammunition wagon.
In the sector of Albert, of Iloye, of
SoIhsoiis, of Craonne, of nhcinm nnd
of Perthes there have been some ar
tillery combats, often very violent.
In this fighting our batteries havo
llred very accurately.
In the Woevre, nenr Fllory, the Ger
mans havo blown up a mlno, Intend
ing to destroy our trenches, but It
foiled nnd the German trenc'iiea were
destroyed by tho oxploslon.
There Is nothing to report on tho
r'St of tho front.
The French losses In tho fights
north of Nlauport on Thursday wero
heavy. More than 300 Moroccans and
Algerians Ho dead among the dunes.
On Friday the German artillery hin
dered the enemy during his attempts
to work his way by sapping opera
tions toward tho high dunes cast of
South of the La TJassee Canal, the
GcrmanB last night took two more
trenches from tho French. These
wero a part of tho position captured
by the Germans on January 23. We
took 60 prisoners.
In tho western part of the Argonne
district the German attack on Fri
day brought a gain of considerable
ground. Wo captured 12 oftlcers,
731 ptivates and also took 12 ma
chine guns and 10 smaller guns. The
enemy's losses were heavy, between
400 nnd 600 bodies being left on tho .,
The 155th French Infantry Tteglmcnt
seems to havo been annihilated. Tho
German losses wero comparatively
A French night attack southeast of
Verdun was repulsed. Tho enemy suf
Northeast of Badonvlller tho French
were driven out of tho village of
Angomont while the Germans also'oc
In East Prussia: Tho Russian at
tack against the brldgn head east of
Darkehmen was without result.
The German fortifications east of
the lako district (Mazurlan Lakes In
East Prussia) were shelled. An attack
southeast of Loewensteln LaJie broke
down under German Are.
A Russian night attack near Bor
jimow, cast of Lowlcz, was repulsed
and tho Russian losses were the
TURKS CLAIM CAUCASIAN
VICTORY; RUSSIA DISPUTES
Battles Near Olti Won, Says Con
CONaTANTINOPLE, Jan. 30It Is ofll
clally announced that the Turks are mak
ing successful attacks In the direction of
Oltl, Transcaucasia, and havo captured
800 Russians, together with o largo quan
tity of rifles and munitions of war. The
battlo which has been raging for a week
near Azorbeldjan, near Choi, In Persia,
continues In favor of the Turks, It Is
This Is directly contradicted In tho
Russian official report, which sas that
tna Turns were uerealed with severe
losses at Baskeul, only four miles from
the Armenian frontier nnd 70 miles from
the Turkish base of Erzerum. Russian
trops havo crossed tho Armenian border
and havn clashed with the Turks near
GERMAN PRESS TALKS PEACE
Free Discussion of Terms by People
LONDON, Jon. 30. Tho Exchanso Tele
graph Company's Copenhagen correspond
ent reports that a lengthy discussion or
peace terms In German newspapers Indl
cates that Germany Is longing for cessa
tion of war.
Ho quotes the Keu Deutsohland nsj say.
lng that the derman people will demand
the right to discuss peace terms before
negotiations are opened. The Tageblatt
intimates that free discussion ot peace
terms should not be delayed too long, nor
an attempt be made to prohibit such, dis
cussion. It U said.
AUSTRIA DIVIDES ARMIES
Flans to Send 400,000 Hen Against
BUCirAJtEST, Jan. 80.-Accordlng to
advices from CzemowU, the Austria
Hungarian force In Bukowlna have been
divided Into two armies. One army,
eOO.000 strong, will be sent against the
gervlana; the other army of 200,000 will
operate agalrut the Russians,
258 BKIWSH XOST ON VIKNOB
LONDON, Jan. 30. A casualty list Is
sued last night show that the British
armor merchant vessel Vlknor, which
wm lost off the. coast ot Ireland several
days age. carried a crew of S3, com
posed, of Mvai reserve men and boy
belonging to the nurtaatil marine, all
ot whom vrthed.
MEDITERRANEAN 5E,A ZT
if iS" $& ir
4lJ iESF sM J)
I V YV VVX
ai n a -fa
N x''T 1 , I
C7RMA ROUTED -- 1
Ottoman fo:es, attacking Dir Helefi, southwest of Bl Knutar?.,
were routed yesterday by fire from British warships operating on
the Suez Canal. The British admit the Turks have occupied the
fortified town of Katlyeh,
13,000,000 SOLDIERS ON LINES
OF BATTLE IN THE SPRING
All Warring Nations to Increase Their Forces in the
Field First Units of New Organizations Now
Moving" to the Front.
By J. W. T.
Next week will Bee
YORK, Jan. 30.
tho first units of
tho new armies that have completed their
six mouths' training movo to tho front
in preparation for tho second offensive
plinse of the wnr. How the proportion
of fighting strongth will result when both
sides havo completed their reinforcing
movements enn only bo roughly approxi
mated. Tho basic data do not relate to
men, but to munitions. All tho nations
at, war aro feeling the strnln of sup
plying the enormous riuantltles of war
stores their armies demand, and all havo
moro men than equipment. Tho prob
lem of estimating what the new fighting
strength of the rival forces will be In the
spring Is, theroforo, complicated by tho
Inability of the world's war factories to
keep up the killing pace of tho battle
fields, ARMIES IN THE WEST.
The only official flguies of present com
batants are those Issued by tho French
"War Office last month, which gave I,
2.10,000 as tho German strength In the
West, and 021.00Q as the Gernhn s.trongtu
In tho East. Both English nnd French
ofllclal icports havo confessed that tho
German western armies aro numerically
stronger than the Allies, but not' how
much stronger. The London War Ofllce,
however, has announced thero nro now
four British armies In France. Tho
strength of n British nrmy probably Is
two army corps of 35,000 men each. Tills
would make the British btrength on tho
continent 2S0.000. It Is possible the Bel
gians have been able to replace casual
ties to thn extent of keeping up their
strength to 50,000. The French Btrength
cannot be grenter than 1,700,000 becauso
of the equipment problem, and may not
be as much as this. At most, therefore,
SHELLS IN MILLIONS
RUSHED FOR ALLIES
IN SCHWAB'S PLANT
Shrapnel Shipped to Canada,
Thence to Armies Ques
tion of Transportation "Up
BETHLEHEM, Pa., Jnn. 30. Tho orders
for shrapnel given by tho British Govern
ment to the Bethlehem Steel Company
are said to require the manufacture ot
millions of shells. Hundreds of thou
sands have already been made. The sheila
are of various sizes, tho smallest threo
All tho Bhrapnel Is loaded with leaden
bullets half an Inch in diameter. The
shell Is supposed to explode over the en
emy, the leaden bullets raining down on
The shrapnel Is Bhlpped to Canada,
Company's officials refuse to say where It
Is shipped from tho Dominion. The fact
that the calibres are of various etzes leads
to the belief that some of It goes to the
French aa well as to tho British, That
which Is sont to Vancouver undoubtedly
goes, to tha Russian army.
The company has Invented and per
footed Us own machinery for the produc
tion of tho bullets, It resembs ma
chinery that cuts nalt. An , eccentric
operates a cutter, through which fass
leaden bands, which coma In enormous
rolls. Millions' of the bullets 'are made
dally. Some estlmato of the enormous
quantities of bullets required can be made
fro the fact that a three-Inch, shell con
tains 240 of them, and a five-Inch shell
The company has all but completed its
first order for field pieces. The lot con
sists of 2S90 JS-pounders. These guns are
about seven feet In length. The forglpgj
and boring are comparatively easily done,
but great care must be exercised In the
rifting and with the adjusting Instruments.
Theeo guns send a shell six miles and
land a shell on a, target six feet square.
It la denied that beams and.Rlates for
Engliih submarines ore being tns.de de
spite the edict of Prtsldent Wilson and
Mr. Bryan that this should hot be done.
It Is denied that Mr. Schwab has taken
over tha Canadian plant of Viewers' Bona
& Maxim for tha manufacture of part of
submarines- A report from Ottawa said
that Mr. Schwab would tend experts to
TOO &ATB Q CLASSIFICATION"
CASS-On ,jiLuurr w, iw, at pl real
T.Bv.nmv'z vxsr ,ra
F. m , vi ,wnflu WU1
RAID TURKS ON SUEZ
tho western Allies now have 2,030,000
troops, or fully equipped 200,000 loss than
the Gorman strength In the west.
Kltchoncr's new nrmy of n million men
ought to bo fully equipped by the spring,
but It Is Improbable that tho French will
be nblo to add greatly to their own
forces. Filling tho dcploted French ranks
ban undoubtedly made heavy demands on
Franco's trained men. Tho Frcncli forco
probably cannot bo Increased to more
than 2,000,000 by tho Bprlng. making tho
total number of tho Alllos In tho west
It la reasonablo to nssumo that Ger
many can meet this now forco man for
man. But It will not be necessary for their
to do so, If n purely defensive campaign
Is decided upon, since tho Allies havo
been ablo to hold their own with numeri
cal Inferiority. Germany probnbly will
consider herself capable of meeting tlio
twom''000 lroops ,vlth no moro than
IN THE EASTERN' THEATRE.
The spring campaign In tho West, there
fore,' may seo 0,300,000 men pitted against
each other. Tho Eastern situation may
develop so as to compel Germany to do
plete still further her Western fighting
force, and this is, In fact, the unknown
part'af,tb,9,prpblem. To Germany's pres
eilttEaatern strength of 92t,000 must bo
added probably 1,500,000 Austrinns, making
a totul of 2,t,000. Russia probably has
approximately tho samo number. Austria
and Germany may be nble to ralso their
Joint strengtlt to 3,000,000 men by spring.
Whether Itussia can surpass this Is Im
probablo, but tho matter Is not certain. If
tlio Slavs can do no moro than equal the
strength of the Teutonic nllianco there
will bo a totnl of 6,000,000 men In the East
ern battlo lines, excluding tho Turkish
and Servian campaigns. Possibly 700,000
moro men will bo under arms there. Tlio
completed total of fighting men tho spring
may seo at all the fronts Is therefore ap
this plant and that C000 workmen had
been advertised for. Tho official state
ment of tho company In rpgaid to tills
story Is that "tho whole thing is so far
only on paper."
In regard to rumors that tho Foro Itiver
shipyard is busy with war orders and
that tho Schwab plants along tho Dela
ware nro clamoring for work, It Is stated
that tho Qulncy plant has llttlo work on
hand now except the completion of the
second Argentine battleship and tho con
struction of n Chilean cruiser. It la de
clared that no work on European war
orders Is being done.
Several facta have como out, however,
in regard to Mr. Schwab's deBlre to own
n big shipyard. Several years ago, when
ho, acquired the Fore River yard, It was
stated that ho had -bought It to com
pote with tho world on a broad gauge
basis; but he was virtually compelled to
take over tho Massachusetts plant, which
was in financial dlftlculttes, so as not to
fall .In fulfilling his Argontlno contract.
Tho 'Fore River Company, In fact, owed
him eo much for material supplied on tho
South American battteshlp that he had
to pay very llttlo rash. Ho was looking
for a big shipyard nt tho time, and If
lie had not taken tlio Foro River plant
ho would have tried to buy Cramps' ship
In regard to the raising of ocean
freight ratea It was said by transporta
tion men connected with tho company
that ocean freights Wero nt present very
unstable, and "a matter of bargaining."
As to war material, tha transportation
was n question for the purchaser. If tho
English Government bought a cannon or
some wheat in the United States It was
up to the British Admiralty to sea that
the gun or the grain got across tho At
lantic. "Rut suppose tho steamship man would
demand a prohibitive rate?"
"Ho is too wiser to do' that," waa the
reply. "Tha ocean carrier needs busi
ness. There have been Jnstancea in
which the carrier demanded 13 cents per
100. a rate that would, have cut off all
profit. The steamship people were glad
to como down to 10 tents per 100,"
BAILRQAD TO WHITE SEA
Car Capitalizes Second Xlne of Coin,
jntmtcatlon With Outside Wprld.
PBTROQRAD, Jan. S0.-Emperor Nlch,
?Ja.s.npm'.?ve? Bn appropriation of
WTW.OOO for Ihe Immediate construction
of a Government railroad from Peirosa.
y ;mf,S nortlieast of Pefrograd,
to the- White Sea, '
This would make a second line of com
munication -with the outside world
through this Blon,the other being to
Special School Shoe
Otnuint Ooadutar Willi
Matt-Kid tops, KoiM with Pint
uiui" or tiim-iutai iathtr.
cite uiob stall uvito2
Price 11.40 J 1.65 11.90
All Btyl Ldle, Cbltdrsa.
U. ft, lAJ.UoBtn.N?j.
Mil whim: oabusn- T-
FRENCH AIR BOMBS
RAINED ON GERMAN
DEFENSES AT LAON
Von Heeringen's Headquar
ters Bombarded by Avia
tors Intrenchments Near
I'AIUS, Jan. 30.
French airmen, hravlnjr a terrific flro
from German high-angle guns, havo bom
barded tho headquarters of General von
lloerlngen, commander of tlio German
army of tho centre, at Lnon.
Bovcro damage was dono to Iho Gorman
works nt Laon, La Fere, Crcpy and
Conchy. Alt of these points nro situated
north nnd northeast of Soissons, In tho
now f anion 1 "bloody nnglo" formed by
the Junction of tho Alsne and Otse Itlvers,
A Zeppelin raid was attempted over
Nancy yesterday, which was frustrated
by the French batteries In tho fortress
Hut a slnglo nlrcraft appeared from tho
cast. The nro of tho batteries was
turned upon It Immediately, nnd It turned
and fled back toward tho Gorman linos.
A dlspntch from Hazcbroticlc statos that
German Taubcs dropped bombs on Ball
loul, In Frnnce, 10 miles within tho French
nnd British lino yestorday. They did
only slight damage.
Ballleul Is about two miles from the
Frnnco-Ilolglnn border and Is 10 miles
southwest of Ypres.
BRITISH AVIATORS DROWNED
IN NORTH SEA AFTER RAID
Betreat From Ostend Cut Off ly Ger
BERLIN, Jan. 30.
Thtce of tho seven English aviators
who bombarded Ostend nnd Zoebruggo
wiio drowned In tho Strait of Dover,
with their' obaervors, according to dis
patches printed In Baste newspapers.
Tho English squadron was engaged by
German airmen. Tho three English
biplanes, finding tho(r retreat cut off by
tho Ocrmnns, fled scawnrd. They dropped
Into tho water when their supplies of
gnsollno beenmo exhausted.
HORSE BUYER, SEEKS
ACTIVE WAR SERVICE
Has Purchased 10,000
Mounts for French, But
Now Wants Position in
NEW YORK, Jan. 30. The Hon. Seton
Robert Bcresford, hotter known as "Bob
by" Reresford, brother of Lord Declcs
and brother-in-law of tho former Vivien
Gould, will sail fiom New York today
During tho last threo months tho Hon.
Seton Robert has superintended tho pur
chase and shipment of moro than 10,000
horses for tho French cavalry and
"In tho meantime," he said, "I liavo
been In hard personal training nnd nm
prepared to accept any kind of a position
for active scrvlco in tho Uritlsh army.
"I'eoplo In America scorn to think that
nnybody In England can go to the front,
but I know: that thero aro tons of thou
sands of men moro than 35 years old
who havo been rejected by tho recruiting
In tho course ot his purchase and ship
ment of American horses tho Hon. Bobby
has directed his efforts largely toward
decreasing tho proportions of deaths of
horses at sen. According to his expcrl
enco light sorrel animals aro so easllj
affected by mal do mcr that It Is useless
tc ship them.
"Wnshy chestnuts, as wcl call them, aro
tho most delicate; grays tho stoutest," ho
sums It up. "The artillery hoiaes I havo
shipped havo been strong, serviceable
animnls. I understand that ono shipload
of 1000 arrived In splendid condition, und
In tho nick of tlmo to assist In taking
100 guns In action.
"Owing chiefly to tho fact that ships
havo been difficult to obtain, compara
tively few horses havo so far left this
country. Since tho outbreak of the war
only about 63,000 have Btnrted for Europe.
Ships aro plentiful now and the monstrous
shipping rates havo been reduced. Tho
demand for horso flesh created by tho
war waa a godsend to farmers and small
owners in .tho United States, as thero
has been very small local demand.
"Tho Italians, who havo also been buy
ing horses here, have had misfortunes
in Bhlpplng them. Their first two ship
ment, of about 400 each, were virtually
total losses, mainly becauso their ships
wero far too small for winter weather.
Tho Belgians, who aro now buying
artillery horses In this country, aro well
pleased, although, like all other foreign
buyers, they are finding difficulty In pro
curing tho European model. Tho Eng
lish havo bought the biggest horses
large, heavy aittllery animals."
ITALY TO PROTECT GREEKS
ROME. Jan. 30. As a result of the
agreement between the Italian and Oreelt
Go.vemments. the Greek cruiser Hclle has
been recalled from Durazzo, Albania,
The Greek nationals and Interests there
will bo looked after by the Italians.
SPOTTED TYPHTJS'IN AUSTRIA
BERNE, Jan. 30. Beside an cpldemlo of
smallpox, which the Austrian authorities
are endeavoring to combat by all means,
spotted typhus is now reaching alarming
proportions, and between January 17 and
23 no fewer than SC3 cases have occurred,
Concentration and war prlsonera' camps
have been officially notified.
Ily our new and eitremely effective plan
fur lolWftlnif all klaii of auUlandlu
accounU, ituutfcabU both to "SLOW l'Ai'
ACCOUNTS." uld. Olmcult, "OUTIMVKU
ACCOUNT." Now bb)( wed by dt
6U.U0O MISUCHANTS. Iliiui. results la a
to SO days, and we abnoluUly guarantee
that thU eoprrifUUd utcui Mill collect
mora uiuntx at oae-flfth ot tha coat than
tlia plan 70U art now duo, or MONK
JiKFUNDfcD. fcknd postal now for VVlSt
DETAILS. ltlrcntutlvt wasted,
pept-1. 671 Drexel BuildJng
GERMANS HAMMER AT FOE
IN EFFORT TO CROSS AISNE
Attacks Delivered East o Solssona
Repulsed fcy Trench.
PARIS, Jan. SO.-Sovoro fighting marks
tho resumption of the German attempt
to forco tho passngo ot the Alsno east of
Soissons after two weeks of comparative
Inactivity. Yesterday tho enemy attacked
nt two points, ono known na tie "Mill of
the Rocks" nnd tho other tho bridge head
at Vcnlzel, but wore repulsed.
The German attempts to awing across
tho Alsno In the nngle of tho river nt
Venlael had for Its object tho capture of
a spur of railway lino running from
Vcnlzel Into Soissons, Tho German efforts
hroko down luiucr tho combined artillery
and machine gun flro of tho French, who
hold strongly fortified positions on the
heights flanking tho south bank of tho
Alsno at Vcnlzel,
ON TARNOW MENACES
RUSSIANS IN GALICIA
Move to Cut Czar's Com
munications Gains as Coun
ter Drive Against Cracow
VIENNA, Jan. 30.
An Austrian army, supported by hoavy
nrtlllery nnd commnndod by Archduko
Joseph Ferdinand, is pressing In tho di
rection of Tarnow In nn effort to got In
tho rear of tho Russian forces In Ga
llcla to cut Its communications.
Russian attempts to outflank tho Aus
trlans near Nowy Sandoc, In nn effort to
begin n now attack upon Cracow,
havo brokon down, according to the of
ficial stntcment Issued today, boforo the
Archduko Joseph Ferdinand's counter of
fonslvo. Tlio failure, of tho Russian Invasion of
Hungary and tho nttompt to lnvndo
Transylvania from Bukawlna-aro also re
ported. In Poland tho advance of tho
Germans upon Warsaw Is continuing, the
Invaders' trenches being pushed closer
to tho city, and tho Austro-German nl
lles nro also gaining ground In tho Car
pathians. Tlio Toronyo Pass has again been won
and tho ground from tho Nagy-Ag valley
to Luwikowlna Is entirely In the posses
sion of tho forces of tho two Kaisers.
Tho retreat of the Russians In lluko
wlna to Klmpolung has been forced by
General Tlscher's victory nt Klrllbaba.
Many Russian prisoners taken in tho
RuzslglescJ district aro being conveyed
Into central Austria.
KKXJPP GETS KAISER'S MEDAL
LONDON, Jan. 30. Dispatches from
Berlin say that among tho honors
awarded on tho Kalser'a birthday, Jnnu
ary 27, was a gold modal encouraging In
dustrial zeal, which was given to tlio
Krupp works at EsBcn.
GERMAN GOLD TOR TURKS
ATHENS, Jan. 30. Two railway wag.
ons, containing 25,000,000 francs In gold,
havo bcon sent to Constantinople from
Germany by way of Bulgaria. Tho total
value of gold received by Turkey from
Borlln since Turkey entered tho war la
ST. ATJflUHTINi:, 1'I.A.
THE BARCELONA tB0Uuauoa,Bf ""ftjjg;
Private baths: exclusive. A. N. 11LAIII.
COLONIAL HOTEL 'gPft08,?1.3
Modern family hotel. C. B. NICHOLSON!
I A POt; An A Modem, quiet. Family
L.". ruo'11Jrt board. New manait..
merit. Itatee, 10.00. MKB. n. DEYO.
DUNHAM HOUSE .c.'v.on.
Hlgh-elauB boa rdlng. Mm. P. I.. Dunham.
Situated directly on tho Indian River; one ot
the moat comfortable anil homelike hotels on
the Kant Coast. New baths) artesian well
water: best huntlne, rUhlnr and boating la
the South. 8TANT0N uoaABKIE, Prop.
THE PRINCE GEORGE Dn
hotel. Every room electrically lighted! ateam
heated ft equipped with hot 4 cold run. water.
Elevator aervlce. llllyard & Holroyd. Prop.
HAYTONA W3ACH. VI,A.
HOTEL BREAKERS S;WIXS:
Bathing, boat'e and flahlnir. Mr. N. M. Kurti.
SEASIDE INN "ffg &, &T
1'AL.M ItEAClt, FT.A.
u 1 n I C f 1 1 n ON LAKE WORTH.
niBloOUO 0niy reasonable- hotel
...r all attractions. A. C. INOLE83I.
DE LAND. Y1JL.
THE MELROSE r'l
excellent table. 110 up. Mr. W. W, Alcottt
TUR r.RNPVA Private boarding for re
1 nU Ut-PICV flned pe0pt. Modern:
ratea .B0 per day. Mra. E. r. Htentit.
ruNTA oonriA. fla.
SEMINOLE HOTEL SSX
ln. good table. Writ E. WOT1TISKY.
m-i .i. .... a ii. i.i.i rn- o.rc. mailA hv .inV neWS
paper In America fifty free trips to the Partama-Paciflc ana San
Dlejjo Expositions with every item Of expense, paid by the PuWlc
Lodger-Evening Ledger, you can win the trip in your spare time.
Fill in this
TURKS FLEE TABRIZ
AS RUSSIANS CHECK j
OttomansPursued by Czar
fortress of Erzerum in Ex
pectation of Siege.
PAtitu - ..
.w uriS nna is fleeing In J
ward Jtaraglla pursued hv it,, n...... i
according to tho Matin. The Hus.lan.ZI
--.. . ,,., occupied Tabrls,
Dispatches from Tlflls, in Trniueaufc.il,.
say that tho Turkish ,, .. .
v ilu Ul QV
" 10 lno "ea of tn,
Tho fc tlflcatlons of both the nrz,rura
fortress and tho Dovohnvi, ..,..
being energetically strengthened $
...yucw. inirencnmcnts, wlro cnlantl.
ments, eta. and some big guns nr, J
portcd to havo rrlvea rrnm n
tlnoplo. Tho garrison Is belmj brought!
up to normal strength bv .ift. ... M
Asia Minor, whoro nil the co-ps are bttn,
wa - Vlj I1IUUI1H.UU, 1
Tho Bourse Gazette say, 105.(00 wi
tlves have already arrived on MSI
sol from tho Persian Province of Aw,'
baljnn, now overrun by Turknh force.
Among them are many ngrd m,. , t'.l
women ana children. Local Ami, .I;
commute, led by prlvafo pVr.'
busy rinding shelter for thes, 1 '
fugitives, many of whom havo ai,,,!
been placed In villages In th0 Proving
of Kara nnd Erlvan. ""nc.i
Tho Russian oinclnl stntement todav
does not claim recapture of Tabriz tm.1
asserts tho Turks aro fleeing In the 1
rnetlnn nt Hint .11.. 1 , " '
Soflan, 13 mile, northwest" TaSri""4
SOLDIER DEAHS 107 WOUNDS
PAIUS. Jan. 30. Sercennt pi ..
S.n.?CI'i C0'Sln ot th0 Mnrchana o(J
FnShodn. fnmn. wntm,1n.l ,.. ... VQ
wopic t .v ,",. r:,. -". i"
wr ;.r 10.Y ,."".;." UUUM ,rom fronts
o i nuutma.
A well-ordered family hotel attuatea Is i 3
arret nf Rhnrlv awn. xt-., L' 4 wl
$2 ner .lav im. K i.ifiS ""!
. r-- - muwnr.. 'iai
R P U K D I C V ns imni....
A fam.lv ho,,.. llt .".ASS.?.?1 P !
of ,, If.." own farm a'nd rtniVv. n..S
Paget, opposite Hamilton. Bermuda. Jtamlii,
crni iew or nnrnor. Ken- hotel. Mod.ri.
llnthlno- flu h rrr K,t i-1 t-ar. ;Jt7"
"""""' wnn BHIU7H. Kt II, UUUiZUR.
Pa ret. PDDOslte IlBmllton. illrontt - ...
.T.': .J'lerHn 'lirouv:' ,Av3, "b.'"." 1
I, , . T ".".. ' u''OUiii Wf".
Located on UnmUton Hnrhor. onnn-tt ..
llton. Patrn-iisa cxclutiUa BathlnR txmi
" """v "oitn . LAVLattUUU
Five mlnutem lo beach Surf bnihlnr. Ow
garden. Hot and cold bnths. Itatts tt.it
per day; U per week. W. Clarence Jamifc
ST. OEOHHIC. 1IEUMUIIA
ST. GEORGE HOTEL
Delightfully altunted on Iloaa Hill, rtoomi
large and well furnlahed. Private Dthi.
Hun Parlore. Tennla. aolf ill. DALLMAN.
SOMEltSET IlIUDGi:. HER5ICDA
SCAUR LODGE "'"ggugUg?" '.
Ideally located overlooking the ocean. Sp- '
clous veranda; homelike appotntmenta; moo- ,
crate rniea. j- a UAblit.
SUMMERSIDE HOTEL SffiKKS-
Modern hotel, one ot the moat beautiful ipou .
In Bermuda. Boating, bathing and n.hlnf. ;
iieaaonaua ratea, u. uuuiia.
located near cltv and ocean, boatlne. bfttfiB-
Ing, flatting: all convenlencee, excellent titla'aW
Booklet. X, K. I.USHB11, Prop. -3wL
Open all the year. New. modern. Three mis'
utea from boat landing. Comfort without
tutraiagance. W. E. UUUU Jler.
POINT PLEASANT HOTFL
Directly on the water front, I-arr ytnail
unlendlJ views. Home cooklnir. Ratal f
per day up. J. V. CUTTEnS
Strictly flrat-claaa family hotel. C;ntrtllr
iwakro, wuuoiiii MvtiiB ."-..'". r..H "
bathing and nahlng.
W. J(. 8PUROB
lIASIItrON PAIIIS1I. BEKJIllUA
Excluilve patronage. IUthlng from the hwilt
tree boatlne ana iiemng; croquei asp '"j
tennie: own garaen. l- -i wj.io,ai.
openi for exclusive patronage! orltlnil Co
lonial furnlahlpga: Southern cookloii; "'.
Inr. golf, tennla. Mr. h Mra, J. B B.rtotiUj
TUP INN For health, pleaaufe mine'; j
1 Ml- UN IN .on. Favor t raawt "'
tourl.t Under new 2".m,TtjbDERS1
ATXAHTIO C1TV N.
Hotel York m
irn and cold rUWll3 ,
Nbw yorK ah '
--- r" . . .. & h.:
Contestant's Entry Blank
Public Ledger Evening Ledger
Inrfennnrlanra Rnllara. PhllldtlphU
Pleae entar my nam a conttnt to(
it Pftnama-Pactfla Bjpoiltlon Tour,
all the nectwary Jnfort!9a twJ