Newspaper Page Text
EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, JANtlAEY 20, 1915-
' MRS. TENER HAPPY
MARKS THE END OF
Ex-Sccrctary Held Office
34 Years'; and 10 Years
He Was the "Invisible
HOW TELE FIVE-CENT LOAF OF BREAD IS SHRINKING
FORTS OF. STEEL FOB-
IN RELEASE FROM
Wife of ex-Governor Re
gards Experience as First
Lady as Pleasant Incident,
but Likes Domesticity.
"Hy four years at Harrlsburg were
Merely an Incident In my llfo n very
pleasant Incident, It Is true but now that
they are over, T am looking forward to
living In Philadelphia (or the first time
with A. great deal of zest and anticipa
tion." Tho very attractlvo woman who was the
First Lady of Pennsylvania, and who to
day In (Imply Mrs. John K. Tenor, smiled
ft ntitlant smile, which showed tho case
with which she had taken the step from
wife of the Governor and mistress of ono
of the most spacious rrianslqnit In the land
to plain citizen, with a compact llttlo
seven-room apartment as her domain, and
It wouldn't have taken a very keen ob
server to not" that If she was a su
premely happy woman this tlmo four
years ago, when her husband acceded to
the gubernatorial responsibilities, sho was
bo less so this morning.
Surrounded by a conglomerate collection
of trunks, packages, boxos, electric wires,
baggage men and 'electricians, to cay
nothing of a new maid. Mrs Tcner. 'n her
apartment at the Mnldstono, teemed Just
In the clement she liked bent and fixing
things up according to her own good
"I'm an exceedingly domcstlo person,"
ho said earnestly, and the little apron
which covered her dark blue tailored
frock and her sleeves rolled high added
conviction to the statement, "though for
four years my domesticity has beon al
most stultified, because whon Ono has
tilno servants to keep In motion and n
hlg mansion to oversee, In addition to
tho thousand and one social duties that
a Governor's wife Is called upon to per
form, there ls'llttle tlmo'tof Indulge ono's
iondnoss for the .household (asks dear to
very woman's heart.
"Of course, there's no use denying that
Tin going to miss Harrlsburg at first.
"Wo made a great many friends up there,
and, contrary to our three years In
Washington, where many people seemed
not quite sincere nnd more or less work
ing for their' own ends, those Whom wo
came to know best at the Pennsylvania
capital were real disinterested friends
nd not parsons who simply wanted to
Jtnow Us because we wero Governor and
"Thero are only a few disagreeable
things that a Governor's wife has to
contend with, and the onice-secklng pcr
aon and ho who wonts her to use her
Influence with her husband to get somo
bill through aro among the moat obnox
ious, but the many, many delightful
features of tho position entirely over
shadow such unpleasant ones,
"I expect wo will have good times hero
this winter. I'm tremendously fond of
dancing," she patted tho piano player
at her side, "and even though tho npart
ment Is small, I think I will bo able to
manage to clear tho placo out for many
a little Informal dance. Naturally, we
havo a great many frelnds here, and,
taken all In all, I am sure that I am
not going to plno over the Dxecutlvo
Slanalon. As I said bofore, Harrlsburg
was merely a pleasant Incident. I shall
remember It kindly. Yesterday Mr. Tener
left "Harrlsburg for Chicago to be present
at tho big, baseball suit. Next weok he
will come here, and by that time I shall
havo this cute little npartment nil fixed
up. Wo are going to b very happy here,
U. S. FLEET 10,000 MEN SHORT
Bear Admiral Fletcher Reports After
WASHINGTON, Jnn. 30. Roar Admiral
Fletcher, commanding the Atlantic fleet,
baa written a letter to Chairman Padget,
of the House Naval Affairs Committee,
supplementing his recent testimony be
fore the committee.
Rear Admiral Fletcher said that after
going over reports of the captains of tho
fleet he had found that there would be a
ahertage of, approximately EOOO men on
'board the- first-lino battleships of the
fleet to rut them on a war footing, which,
together with tho shortage In the number
Of men for the vessels now In reserve,
would make approximately 10,000, or about
double the number he had estimated off
hand. U. S. SOLD $2,425,745
WAR MUNITIONS IN MONTH
Enormous Exports Shown In Hed
WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. The report of
Secretary Itedfleld to the Senate on the
exports of munitions of war and firearms
to foreign countries during November
shows that there were shipped:
To France Cartridges, J338,4H; firearms,
To the United Kingdom Cartridges,
fW9,0US; firearms, IS8.5.
To Canada Cartridges, 117,642; gunpow
der, 1S.E5 pounds; firearms, JCKS.CCS.
To Japan Firearms. SIS.
To Russia In Asia Firearms. $625,000.
To all other countries Cartridges, $228,
Kli gunpowder, 79,239 pounds; firearms,
Total export for month Cartridges,
fL23f,235; gunpowder, S3.0M pounds; fire
$1,206,086,432 WAR BUDGET
.franca Prepares for Six Months' 1015
PARI8, Jan. 20, Provisional credits ap
plicable to the first six months of 1915
amount to S.525,MM07 francs (about 11,705,
M:.S51) for the general budgets and 473.
441,363 francs (about JD4.tS3,252) for sup.
elementary budgets a total of 11,799,741,133
-according to a statement published In
the Official Journal today.
The military expenses naturally call
for the largest credit, the Minister of
War's budget being estimated at (,030,.
433.113 francs (about 31,206,066,432). The
principal sums In the war budget are for
artillery materials, aggregating 1,474,
tUjm francs (about J29l,8S2,E00) and for
the subsistence of the troops 1,133,463,920
franca (about t226,93,Ut).
000 Preventable 171 rea Here In Year
"Rubbish heaps, lace curtains near gas.
Jets, defective flues, hot ashes in wooden
iwauw and many other preventable causes
woru responsible for 2000 fires In Fhlta
delphla last year," said Fire Marshal
Georsa W Elliott In an address before
the Philadelphia Safety Council at the
Franklin Institute last night. Within the
3fr the department has made 15.843 in
fMetlens, 31,17 relnspections and 2C0.534
iiiiprovtmtnu to prevent fire. Officers
tlesled by the council were Dr. Francis
9, Patterson, president, John Balky, vice
ptmUtnti Charles Black, secretary, and
JeMPlt fl Mallory, treasurer.
I., in j ii ia sii ! i- i ii
XttSt? OEKMAH PAPERS QVIT
mFBHH&QnS, Jan- mMsmag In
Bfte At a meeting of t&e-ilma Ly-
CU. Poets Diet JlM&ofe' th
WU( Aney, ttdmltUl SAW riojM pa.
, J ot Otmrn gmaati, k4 tnn tarmi
PITTBDUnGH, Jan. 20. "A dynasty
passwi with the passing of MeAfcol"
This today Is tho view In political cir
cles, when ho Is best known, of Ttobort
McAfee's failure to obtain reappointment
hs Secretary of the Commonwealth under
There Is not a political leader, sublcador,
lieutenant or follower of any ono of the 67
Varieties of factlonnl RopubllcnnlRtn In
Pittsburgh' or Western Pennsylvania who
regrets tho "dethronement nf Mr Robert,"
ns tho action of the new Governor Is face
Thurp 1 "almost gleo" over It In polit
McAfee, a "payroller" for n quarter of
a century, almost when he soft-pedaled
down tho Capitol Blcps for the last time
closed 91 years of pincticnlly unbroken of
An ottlccholder at 32. when Just 12 years
over from Ireland, McAfee ceasing to
ho such at tho ago of CO, will take with
him Into retirement the consolation that
for 21 of the Intervening yean lie drew
never les than $1000 a. year, most of tho
tlmo jenoo a year, or nn average of KOOO
a yenr. and In all, annexed from munici
pal or State strong boxos tho tidy llttlo
total of 312iJ,TO0.
THn "INVISIBLE GOVnRNMGNT."
"llobert tho Silent," "Pussyfoot" or, ns
tho moro virulent call him, tho "Polion
Shooter," Is credited with tho "distinc
tion" of having b-on tho "Invisible gov
ernment" of Pennsylvania for moro than
Novor once going before tho people so
liciting the Indorsement or approval of
their votes, McAfee Is credited with
wielding supreme power In affairs of tho
Commonwealth under two Governors
Pennvpncker, who first appointed him,
and Tener, under whom McAfee's Influ
ence reached Its highest flower.
Under Stuart, whom he Herved for four
years, there are nunllflcntloni regarding
the extent of tho McAfee Influence.
McAfee, born In County Antrim, Ire
land, In 1819, come to the old city of Alle
gheny In ISM, wns elected to Select Coun
cil In 1881 and seivcd 10 ears, unsalaried:
served nine years as Director of Public
Works, $4000 a year; two years ns Com
missioner of Banking under Pennypackcr,
$5000 a year, nnd two years under Pcnny
pneker, four under Stuart nnd four under
Tener as Secretary of the Commonwealth,
ton years In all, at 3SO0O a year.
PILLAR OF OLIVER FACTION.
Locally effects of the McAfee turn
down, which may have State-wldo con
sequences, are looked for. McAfee wob
a towering plllnr through tho State pa
tronago ho wielded In what Is known as
tho "Oliver faction" In city nnd county
politics, the organization headed by Sen
ator George T. Oliver. At present tho
Oliver organization Is In control both In
the city nnd county administrations, or
was In control In city affairs until the
scandal broke, when tho shortened City
Council of nine, whose members, paid
$(00 a year each, elected to give Pitts
burgh a "business administration," came
up to the close of tho present year with
a $1,400,000 shortage In municipal funds.
Senator Oliver's announced determina
tion not to be a candidate for re-election
in 1917, with McAfee's retirement, will
kick the main props from under the lo
cal Oliver organization. Whether this
faction will be strong enough to keep
together despite these losses la ono of
the big speculative questions today. Tho
corporation support which elected him
Mayor has never pleased Joseph G.
Armstrong, a one-time labor leader. He
wants to Jump. He never liked tho
Oliver affiliation and tins been restive un
der this and tho corporation yoke the
year ho has been In ofllce. Next fall a
majority of tho City Council will be
elected, Ave members, and Mayor Arm
strong already has been casting about
for new affiliations.
There may bo an entire new deal po
litically, with tho result much wished for
In other quarters of the State, that
Pittsburgh will develop at last a leader
big enough to cement nil fartlons.
, It Is accepted politically that the first
requirement of that leader will be that
he he an out nnd In the open supporter
of Governor Brumbaugh.
MISS M'ADOO,, WAR NURSE
WASHINGTON, Jan. 20.
Miss Nona McAdoo, elder daughter of
Secretary McAdoo, soon will start for
Europe, where she will become a member
of the nursing Btaff at a convalescent
hospital at San Remo. Miss Catherine
Brltton, elder daughter of Mr. and Sirs.
Alexander T, Brltton, will accompany
'Colonel Edward M. House, of Texas
and New York, and Mrs House will chap
eron the young women, and accommoda
tions have been engaged on board the
Lusltnnla for January 30.
McADOO SPURNS DUKEDOM
WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. - William G.
QfcAdoo, Secretary of the Treasury, has
received word that he had been chosen
"Duke of the Mardl Gras" In Now Or
leans, He has been asked to participate
In tho festivities on February 11. Sfr.
McAdoo sent back a reply to "Rex,"
the "King of the Carnival," that he would
be unable to attend because of a press of
business In Washington.
JUDGE I.OVETT ILL ON TRAIN
V, P. Chairman Unable to Attend
Talk Speeds to California.
OMAHA, Neb., Jan. 20. Judge Robert
S. Lovett, chairman of the board of di
rectors of the Union Pacific Railway,
while going to Omaha from Chicago was
stricken by a severe cold, and Is now con
fined to his bed aboard his private car,
which Is being rushed to California.
A specialist In throat troubles was sum
moned by telegraph and met Judge Lov
ett's train at this city. When he arrived
here Judge Lovett was unable to speak
at all. '
He was to have attended a conference
of Western financiers, but this meeting
was called off.
Hebrew Charity Ball Tonight
The 11th annual Charity Ball of the He
brew Ladles' Bmergenoy Society will be
held in Mercantile Hall, Broad and Mas
ter streets, tonight Owing to urgent
need among (be poor this year, a special
effort has been made by the committee,
of which Mrs. H. B. Flneman is chair
man, to make this ball a success. The
officers of the society are Mrs. Isaac Du
brow, president; Mrs. J. Jacobs, vice pres
ident; Hri. Charles LIpabutz, secretary,
and Mrs. David Feldrnan, treasurer.
Da Santos' Mother, la 'Quake, Safe
Dr. VJncenzo de Santo, Instructor In tho
Itcimance Language Department of the
Univefrity o$ Pennsylvania, has received
a cablet-ram from hla mother, who was
In I lie earthquake zone of Italy, ajsur
lug bi:rt that she and, the entire family
viTSvfeW' WfcSSsMBiwIiR wSe?8ft. 3fl5 i
v-i- &iffi ' ' 'tSmwm ilmkh: &' - V'1! si
Side by side here are two specimen loaves of bread such as are sold in
glance they appear to be much the same, but a second glance will
narrow than the other. The less plump loaf is that which is nt
in flour began.
10-CENT BREAD PLAN
NEVER WILL WORK,
SAY LEADING BAKERS
Five-Cent Loaf the Logical
Size, It Is Declared.
"Mother" Munro Sees
Distressing Times Ahead.
Tho 10-ccnt loaf of break recommended
by the Efficiency Board of tho Notional
Bakers' Association to tide the bakers
over during the period of high wheat was
branded this morning by William Frel
hofer, of tho Frelhofer Baking Company,
ono of tho largest broad-making concerns
In tho country, as a scheme utterly Im
practicable at this crucial time.
"The 10-ccnt loaf," he sa(d, "wouldn's,
solve the problem nt all. It wouldn't be
fair and It wouldn't be Just, and It would
most ccrtnlnly arouse publlci opinion to
on Incalculable extent.
"To eliminate the flco-cent -loaf would
bo foolhardy. Bather diminish the size.
What would a smalt family of two or
trreo persons, who can scarcely make
away with a small loaf, do with a 10-cent
loaf? It would be absurd."
The plan of tho national association Is
to mako a higher priced loaf containing
from 26 to 27 ounces and thus forco the
public to buy in larger quantities, to
augment both the price and tho size
rather than to risk reducing the size of
Trat the bakers will have to get to
gether In concerted action to do some
thing In a day or two to protect them
selves If an Immediate step la not taken
by the Government to prevent a furthc!
rlne In the cost of Hour, was tho ur
equivocal statement of Mr. Frelhofer.
"IN SPECULATOBS' HANDS."
"Any large baking firm will not hesi
tate to admit," he said, "that as long as
present conditions prevail they will not
be able to make enough money to lubri
cate their machinery, mUch less pay for
the flour required for the baking, and
the worst part of It Is that we are abso
lutely helpless hi the hands of the wheat
"Something must be done and done
quickly. I am of the opinion that an
Immediate embargo will bo the only
means of saving the situation. Why
should the American people, when they
have a surplus of 8CO,000,000 bushels of
wheat, more than they have ever had
before, sit Idly by and seo It get out of
their hands? It lookH as though an em
bargo will be the only way to stop It.
"In the meantime the baker will have
to diminish his loaf or raise his price.
Once more the ultimate consumer Is going
to be the one to suffer, unless, of course,
something happens very quickly to pre
vent the wheat from getting out ot tne
When Mr. Frelhofer was asked If the
size of the loaf put out by his bakery had
been reduced as yet, he replied!
"Not that I know of."
"MOTHER" MXBNRO OLOOMTr.
"Mother"' Munro Is genuinely alarmed
at the altUudlnous propensities which the
wheat market la continuing to exhibit.
And the fact that she hasn't eaten meat
for more than a years, and that bread Is
literally and actually the staff of her very
energetic life, Isn't the sole cause of her
Tho real reason Is that the housewives
of Kensington, to the uttermost precincts,
hare come to depend on this capable lit
tle Scotch woman to help them out of the
difficulties engendered by that greatest of
all bugbears, the high cost of living And
somehow or other she has never failed
OUTLOOK HEBMS DARK.
But she a only darkntss in the
present flour outlook.
Not only has the threatened rise In the
?rlc of bread beaorne an actual fact, but
he loaves themselvM have become thin
ctr. This statement to not suu on hear.
MRS. HUGH MUNRO
Known all through Kensington
as "Mother." She deplores the
rise in the price of bread.
say evidence. It Is the result of a personal
Investigation. Slnca wheat has begun to
soar there has been nn appreciable shrink
age In the size of the B-cent loaf, a shrink,
age which will mean a real loss to thoso
who depend upon this as a staple food.
"You can boycott any other foodstuff
In the world," she said seriously, put
ting down the telephone after nn unsuc
cessful attempt to get hold of a whole
solo Hour merchant to make Inquiries at
what rate ahe could lay In a large stock,
"but you can't boycott bread. No mat
ter what else the poor people do without
they've got to have that, and It doesn't
matter how high the price goes, they'll
buy It until starvation faces them.
"What are tho little children who are
too young to eat going to do, If you
tako their bread away from them? What
Is the man with the lunch basket going
to do? You can make a sandwich with
out meat nuts and, cheese are very nu
tritious but what can you make without
"If an embargo on wheat Is necessary
for our people to have bread, then I am
In favor of an Immediate embargo. It
seems 'to me, however, that there shfiuld
bo enough to go around for all,"
In the meantime Mrs. Munro Is taking
no chances, and before another day
passes she will have on hand a supply of
Hour that the Kensington women may
buy at the usual price.
ELECTRIFICATION TO BE THEME
Engineer to Discuss Advantages of
Newer Power for Traction,
William Spencer Murray, consulting en
gineer of the New York, New Haven and
Hartford Railroad, will deliver an address
on "Conditions Affecting the Success of
Main Line Electrification" before a Joint
meeting or tne Franklin Institute and the
Philadelphia section of the American In
stitute ot Electrical Engineers this even
ing at the Franklin Institute. The talk
wU follow the annual meeting and elec
tion ot officers of the Franklin Institute,
at 8 p. m.
Mr. Murray, who was educated at Le
jhlsh University, will demonstrate the
superiority, from the economic stand
point, of electricity over steam, for trac
tion, A. W. Qlbbs, chief mechanical engi
neer of the Pennsylvania Railroad; K F,
Clark, superintendent of motive power of
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad: Paul
M. Lincoln, of the Western Electriq and
Manufacturing Company, and H. A. Armt
strong, of the General Electrio Company,
have been Invited to discuss the paper.
OPERATE ON $40,000 LION
NEW YORK, Jan. S0.-Klng, the 110,000
trained lion of the New York Hippo
drome's Winter Circus, is sick. He has,
or did have, an abscess on bis forehead
and 4 tumor on his leg, so yesterday
morning three doctors, all the supers of
the show who could be gathered, together
wltlt th trainer, performed an operation
on King, The result was a considerable
disturbance In the Hippodrome building,
Whlih wtarly ended in the Injury of sev
eral of tho participant.
the smaller bakeshops. At first
how that one is noticeably more
old for a nickel smce the rise
100 MEN ARE NAMED
IN ILLINOIS PLOT TO
Identity of Buyers, Middle
men and Sellers, With
Other Voting Fraud De
DANVILLE, 111., Jan. 20. Names of 100
men who handled fraud money and who
acted as buyers, middlemen, or sellers,
together with details of a corruption
fund which runs high In tho thousands
of dollars, are In the possession of Dis
trict Attorney Charles A. Karch today.
They were given by witnesses who
called upon tho Government Prosecutor
or wero sent for by him Monday in tho
first strenuous day of tho Illinois vote
frauds Investigation. Tho prosecutor
spent all day yesterday In mapping out
his line of attack. He declared ho was
well satisfied with tho work accomplished.
"You can say for mo that tho Investi
gation is on in earnest," said Mr. Karch.
"Tho American ballot Is on trial here
nnd tho ballot boxes In this part of Illi
nois aro going to bo given a thorough
cleaning If the scope of the law Is suffi
cient to do the cleaning.
WITNESSES TAMPERED WITH.
"Already word has come to me of
tampering with prospective witnesses,
and let me say that any one who Is
found tampering with a Government wit
ness will he prosecuted to the limit. This
Investigation Is not a Joke, as some of
the politicians would havo It appear for
their own protection; and while I have
only started on the Investigation I nee
plenty of evidence on which to base In
dictments." Word that efforts were being made to
engage Attorney Joseph Roach, of Terre
Haute, Ind., In connection with the In
vestigation, has caused much uneasiness
among politicians. Roach, who at one
time served a term In the penitentiary,
did more than all others to break up the
ring of crooked election officials In Terre
The magnitude of the vote fraud situa
tion here caused the Prosecutor to call
upon Washington for several additional
Investigators and a special assistant at
torney. These men will cover the district over
which Prosecutor Karch has jurisdiction,
following up the leads of evldenoe, serv
ing subpoenas, arresting witnesses and
gathering data on the alleged corruption
DELEGATION GIVES NAMES.
A delegation of citizens from Paris, 111,,
were among the callers at his office, and
the names of men who handled the cor
ruption money, those who "floated"
voters, those who distributed the money,
those who got up the corruption funds
and details of a whole church congrega
tion which Is Implicated In the vote fraud
scandal were given to the Prosecutor, It
A new branch of the Investigation,
which threatens to become an Important
factor Is the Influence which has been
wielded in Illinois by certain Indiana
brewery interests. It was declared this
Influence had been used to coerce and
PERFORM DELICATE OPERATION
A delicate operation was performed at
tho West Philadelphia Momeopathls Hos
pltay today, when the fifth and sixth
vertebrae were removed from the. neck
of Joseph Purlon, W years old, of 410
Lex street, in an attempt to save his
life. According to Doctor Esposito the
bones were pressing pn the man's spine.
The physicians say the patient's condition
is serious Purlon, who Is a driver, fell
from his wagon in an attack of vertigo
at 1U street near Haverford. avenue. )
broke the wrtebra of the upper spine,
whleft resulted 1 totH parejyl&
FUTURE OF OXFOP
STREET DEPENDS ON
Section Between 16th and
1 7th Streets, a Weak
Realty Market, Will
Grow With Subway Construction.
The sale of tho property at 16H North
16th street by tho Philadelphia Trust In
surnnco and Safe Deposit Company to
Kathryn F. Kclnlo, lot 23x172.10, assessed
110,600, for (9600, represents a falling off
In value, largely caused by tho fact that
properties on tho west sldo of 16th street,
north of Oxford street, aro largo dwell
ings containing rooms with high ceilings
and aro In a condition which makes their
alteration very oxponslvo.
The advnnco In transit nnd tho free
uso of tho automobile have been folt and
tho street Is In a transition period. Buy
ers and sellers are as yet few, and whero
sales are urgent lower figures provall.
An advanco In prices In this section will
begin when property gets Into stronger
a aiiANca at unices.
ISO?, July 5-1325 North 16th street,
three story and attla brick dwelling,
sold by 8. T. Froman A Co $1TO00
1000, April 28 1M1 North 10th street,
lot 24x172.10, told for 21000
101O, January 10-1020 North 10th street,
lot 2.1x172.10, sold for 102GO
1010. December 2S Sunt sold, T. D.
Dornan to Mary M. Zlegier 0000
1011, Novomber 2O-102S North 10th
street, lot 23x172.10 Ellia. II. De
lany to Leo M. McFarland (Auessod
IIOOOO for 1MB) 11000
1011, November 11 1020 North 10th
treat, lot 23x172,10 CAsaessod 110,000
for 1015) 11,000
DULLNESS ON OXFORD STREHT.
Conditions are dull on Oxford street be
tween 16th and ISth streets, and In tho
last two years concessions have had to
be made to make sales, as shown by tho
1007, November 41711 Oxford street,
lot 17x100 SOOOO
1910. April 7-1723 Oxford Btrect, lot
May 81734 Oxford Btreot, lot
Hay 241722 Oxford street, lot
In 1912, 1621 Oxford street was offered
for sale, lot ID by 100 feet, for 7500; 1701
Oxford streot for $11,000, and 1703 Oxford
street or $7000.
There are prospects, howvr, that con
ditions will lmprovo with the develop
ment of tho transit plans nnd tho con
struction of tho Broad Btreet subway.
NOTES OF THE STREET.
Tho Board of Viewers Is making sub
stantial progress with tho section of
tho Parkway from 10th to 22d street. Two
hearings a week are now being hold and
eight to ten cases at each hearing arc
Plans for 63 two-story houses, to be
erected at A Btreet, Llpplncott street nnd
Allegheny avenuo are under way. This
will bring tho number of dwolllngs erected
at this point up to nearly 200. Tho de
mand Is still actively In evidence.
A tour of tho trust companies shows
that mortgage loans ore being very care
fully looked Into. Tho Inrgo number of
properties sold under foreclosure of mort
gages by tho Sheriff has mndo this ex
tremely necessary. All offerings well se
cured can be accommodated at 5 4-10 per
Building associations are ns active ns
over, loans to owners of properties who
rcsldo In them being given the preference
Tho heavy downpour of tho last few
days has been a severe test on roofs
nnd windows. Workmen aro busily em
ployed on repairs.
ON LABOR UNREST SOUGHT
XT. S. Industrial Relations Commis
olon Summons Financiers.
NEW YORK, Jan. 20.-The labor prob
lem from the capitalists' point of view
today was the chief objective of tho Fed
eral Commission on Industrial Relations.
It Is planned during the rest of the week
to call the men who haijdlo big Invest
ments to tell how they believe Industrial
unrest can be remedied.
Today's list of witnesses Included Jacob
II. Hollander, of Job no Hopkins, of Bal
timore, noted economist; Jacob II. Schllt,
responsible head of the International
banking firm of Kuhn, Loeb &
Co., August Belmont and Adolph
Lewlsohn, bankers. Tomorrow E. J.
Berwtnd, millionaire coal operator; J. P.
Morgan, George W. Perkins, Daniel Gug
genheim and Samuel McRobcrts are
"We hope to determine through these
men, the biggest financiers In the coun
try. Just what the chief obstacle Is to a
complete understanding between capital
and labor." explained Chairman Walsh
today. "In the past hearings the labor
men have blamed the employer, nnd the
employer, while blaming labor, has also
Indicated that some of the big men who
control capital actually are responsible.
With men like Messers, Schiff, Morgan
and others here we can at least get their
views and find out whether they can sug
gest the solution that up to the present is
Big Rise In Exports Prom Here
Exports from this port during tho week
ending January U were $1,837,000 more
than the Imports, according to the figures
Issued at the local customs house today,
The total value of tha exports was $3,893,.
000 and the Import $1,636,000, The duties
collected In the same period amounted to
A Blizzard-Bound House
Warm and Lomtortable
YOUR house, if you lay In a supply of
Famous Reading- Anthracite NOW.
This coa) gives intense heat without
smoke. A ton in your coal bin is sure
prevention against the coldest blasts of
Winter. Sold b . all dealers. Slow burn-in&--high
grade most heat for the
The Philadelphia h Reading
Coal & Iron Co.
French StrnnormU c.r
rrom Invrsrmrml ! t 1
New Conditions of wj
fare, Expert Declares.
By J. W. T. MAHnw
NEW TORIC, Jan. 20.-nm,. .. H
that the great French intrenched J3I
at Verdun has been encircled are mft
out substantiation. The Pan. n fl
ment ridicules tho statement. VroJM
llin TlArtln .l,,-l . wir4
" -i."o mean at mot due
A thin nonnllnn. tl ... . '-'0,M
., v"i :: r.. . "? vaa
...- - .... t,ualuu a not that n la.i
vesting forco has settled .in ..."
mat slego of tho famous flank fottuJi
tlons of the Mouse defense. 4
Indeed, the slego of Verdun has iM
wuuiu mi impossiuimy. since the On,
mnn 42-centlmctro cunn ,i. -A
tholr superiority over all modern farlutal'
i,.; t.iu uuimisivo strategy at Verdia?
has been radically altered. Th .i.vit
ntely constructed forts of steel and coal
croto aro noi protecting this comer of
tho eastern gnteway Into tv.. 'j
Trenches nro now doing tho work of UV
permanent fortifications. Extendi.. ..A
miles beyond tho forts are artillery imS
iniantry positions, dug Into tho eartff
or concealed In wooded lands.
Thcso defenses, In no way anticipated
when tho war began, have been hr.n.j1
slnco the 42-ccntlmctres proved lh 3
tlllty of fortress warfare. Field tactics, ll
inereiore, anu not tno lmmobllo artillery 1
defense of permanent fortifications ir
protoctlng Vordun. Probably tho Verdun'
forts aro now ripmirieil nf ,h,.i.
which have been moved forward to U4
bnttlo front for oDcrntlnna In th. ... a
Wero It not for this quick change to 3
uviuiidivu luuuiuua uuupieu oy ine French
after the early lessons of Llego inj j
i-iuuiur, uiu vcruun ions would now 1
crumbled ruins. Tho ti ench warfare tha
adonted mnkos nn Investment nf r..,-i
vlrtunllv imnosBlble. nr mil,. .. it.
term "investment" of its former mean-
ing. to surround erdun now would
mpnn tn rllET nn mite, et.nl. n, im..v
monts facing tho trenches occupied by -
mo r rciicn. j.o uu mis wun sa(ety nould
require a stupendous army. It would
nnepsaltnte. nlnn n rnrllenl evtenaln. .,.
. vb, u.w.i vk Mi?
German battle front in order to cut off
me main rrcnen communications wlta
Flirt hermnre. "Verdun tt.lthet.t Anl.t I.
plentifully stocked with ammunition and m
iuuu. ,in encircling t enemy, inercrone,2
would be. unable to force tho surrender
of tho French trenches because nf t. I
hausted war stores. In effect, 'tho two
nlrrlew nf Intrenelimenta wnnM enneltt.,,!
opposing battle lines. Locnl engagement!"!
would comiMso tho warfare, and the rlnrS
wnllM Htmllnn tn. nn n nmntl i1a tt,vi
problems of tho present lighting front's
from the North Sea to the Lorraine bona-,
dary. These ure reasons why the fatJ
of Antwerp nnd Jlautieuge has not over-,
taken Verdun and why it probably will
ROTARY PRESIDENT SPEAKS
Do Your Duty Toward Your City,;
"I have no use for tho Individual whl
knocks the placo whore he resides. Let'dl
him meet his responsibility and help set-jil
tlo tho problems that confront his town," -J
said Frank L. Mulholland. of Toledo', 0-ij
president of the International Assoclay
tlon of notary Clubs In nn address at ,
,l.n rllnnn. nf V. TH.llnJ.lnl.lfl n.(. '
viuu mm iiikiii. ,
"There- Is n nlnen fnr nil In this ffrflt
onrusiilng movement of Rotarylsm thatt
Is uplifting our municipalities," said, uij
speaker. "Bo tho errand boys of h
ciminoers or. commerco or tne Dcarus qi
trade, or any ouch organizations, it ItJ
will holp your town, True Rota'rlans aril
optlmlBts. They should dream and boottj
BISHOP DEFENDS CHRISTIANITY!
Says Lack of Christian -Faith Causey
Not Christianity, but tho lock of 11,1
caused the present war, declared Blihops
II. R. Hulse, of Cuba, In an addrt-sJ -t
the annual banquet of the alumni of t)jJ
Divinity School of the Protestant J!u?ra
rwil Phllrv-h. In thn Phlirnh House. Jlu.ij
nnd Walnut streets, last night. B(nji
Hulse answered tho recent flrralmtectii
of the church by Dr. Charles W. -wow
presldont emeritus of Hnrvara. ;
niahren rinrlnmi. HIhon Talbot. Of Beti'I
lehem! Dean W. M. Groton. of th H-
Vlnlty School; President Long, of t-tj
anlnt nlnoo iYia Pev Tlr. T). TtT. YlAtt.a
president of the Alumni Association, andj
Francis A. Lewis wero tne otner w-u";',
The Drexel Institute!
ENGINEERING. DOMESTIC SCIENCE .J.'.J
Free Public Lecturesl
.. -.ant, 1
JANUARY Z2 JTiaay, .: ..,.i,g
ISiplorlng the "" ,lcltr, Alartt,
toy bubb uunn- i4K4.:'. ;-
Illuairatea oy lame -!? ,,
JANUARY 20 Tuesday, s.t 4 I. M
JANUARY 28 Thuraday, at .
Two lectures on Tuhllo Health.
THE TltEASUnE SEEKEItS,
THE MESSENQEJIH. . ,, nfl
By CHAnLES-E. A. V',B"vfK-rij.l
rector of Division ' Education, wj
York State Department of Il'iinil
NOTE: The second or tneje '"" VMrtC5
held at tha Commercial lluieum. TW
fourth ana upruca "" , .,, u
Admlialon by card only, neaerved "."
n by man ncio i .---