Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, January 14, 1915, Night Extra, Page 8, Image 8

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PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
CVnLS If. K CURTIS. PttDt.it,
.trilift P. Martin, TreAttirer. r-Mrlr Jt I.urtlnnlnn,
Philip S Collin. Jnhn U William. Director
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P tt WHAI.EV Kxccullve Kdltor
J01INC MAIVTtN...
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Ueneral nuathctit Manafer
PuMtahfrl dally at t'Lotic Lttopa tJulldlnj,
iwl&wmlence Square, Philadelphia.
trrtr.ti rismii. , . , , , Broad and Chestnut Street
Atlantic Citt PrMa-ttiftfH Ilulldlng
Kkw Yrtms 170-Aj Metropolitan Tower
CillcAno 81T Ititrnc Insurance llulMlnit
UiHBOH S Waterloo Place, Pall Mall, S. Vf.
NnwsnunEAUfli
tlAiarjn(i tlrrmF The Pnlrlot tlullillnr
WiaillNftTttN rimMU The lol lliilMIn
Nf Tonx TlcaKAB ... .. ...The Tlmrt IMIMInr
BilN ItuaCAU nil Frtertrlehatraiw
JjONOON MlntAV ... 2 Pall Mall Kant. S. W.
Pa ma Ucr.u .33 ltue Loula la Urand
sl nscniPTio,VTt.nM
tly rrrlr Daii.t Only, l renin. Ilv mall. pnalpaM
fititylde of rtillarlelphtn. except where forrlKn pomade
reqiilmt. IJliiT unit, emu month, twenlv.flve cental
Daiit ohi.t, nun year, three ilollara All mall ub
tctlptloni payable In advance
DE1.L, 0000 WAt.NUT
KFTl STONE, MAIN 3000
BT" .IiMitjj nil communications to five-nine
Ledger, arfcpenifertca Square, Philadelphia
kNtiuah at tub rniLApELrnlA roatornci: a second
Ct.AB MAIL HITtPR.
rillLAtlFl.rillA, TIIUIISIIAV, JAMMKY 14, 1918.
A'cicr put off aiivthluu until tomorrow
ccpt jour clothes.
THE Evening Ledokh Is four months old
today.
The nveragp net paid circulation for the
econd week of publication, September 21-26,
Inclusive, was 44,123.
The average net pnld circulation for the
17th week of publication, January 4-9, In
clusive, was 59,284.
Thin means an absolute Increase of 1B.161
copies d.illy. which Is u Rain of more tlinn
84 per cent. In a period of a little more
than three months.
The weeks selected for comparison were
normal wcckB. On special occasions, not
during tho weeks specified, tho circulation
reached as high an 80.000, nnd on one day
the distribution was 95,000.
There has been nothing spectacular In this
Increase of circulation. It has been steady,
Week by week, with an upward trend even in
tho December period when newspaper circu
lation generally shows heavy looses.
Tho Evening T,kihikii has become In four
months a Philadelphia Institution.
SEPTEMBER.
21 46.987
22.... 43.C87
23 43.781
24 42,097
25 44,003
26 44.182
JANUARY.
4 BD.Bf.S
5 59,334
6 69.924
7 58,828
8 58,722
9 69,339
Average 44,123 Average ,...59,2?4
(Averngo not paid circulation means thoso
papers for which actual cash Is received. It
does not include office or other Incidental
distribution, mutilated or returned copies.)
No Right to Dictate
THE DAGBLAD, voicing the sentiment of
Sweden, declares editorially that "the
Swedish people will never submit to Great
Britain's osaumpton that it has the right
to dictate Just how much of any particular
goods Sweden requires for Its own consump
tion, or how much of such goods she will be
permitted to Import."
It Is for Great Britain, If she can, to
blockade the German Baltic harbors and so
hut them off from commerce with adja
cent ports. But Great Britain cannot expect
the United States to acquiesce in the dis
ruptive doctrine that her neutral trade to
Sweden must be subjected to quantitative
analysis by British ships. It Is enough for
us to show that wo have legitimate orders
for our goods from merchants In neutral
ports. What thereafter becomes of these
products Is none of our business. It Is for
England to prevent them from reaching
Germany If she can.
Great Britain, unable to blockade the Bal
tic ports, has In effect instituted a paper
blockade of the neutral ports of Europe.
She Is penalizing neutral commerce and
eeklng to strike Germany through other
nations not at wnr. It Is an arrogant as
sumption of rights that no self-respecting
nation can accept. There must be. no In
terruption of purely nputral trade. That is
a principle to which this nation Is his
torically dedicated nnd which It must vin
dicate. Let Mothers Teach Morality
Many persons think that the schools
should do everything to train the girl for
life. This Is an Impossibility. The schools
Must do their shore, of course, but the main
part of the taak of properly bringing up a
girl of the high school age falls upon
the, mother of the girl. Miss Katherine
Puncheon.
WHEN the principal of the GlrlB' High
School made this statement to the
Mothers' Club she put the responsibility for
the moral upbringing of girls where It be
longs. The schools can teach girls arithmetic
and history, modern languages, and chemis
try. They can teach trades and professions.
But they cannot teach righteous womanhood.
The catechism tells us what Is the full
fluty of man. The girls must go to school
to learn cooking. They must go to school to
learn how to sew. They must go to school to
discover the proper way to make a bed and
to darn their stockings. Some persons who
call themselves progressives are demanding
that tho girls go to school to learn the
mysteries of life. And there are those who
complain most bitterly because the schools
do not lay greater stress on the common
moralities.
But what can a teacher, occupied with 40
or 50 Individual pupils, know of the moral
needs pf each one? How can she help 60
rirbj understand what temptations are before
tiiem and strengthen them to resist? How
ver desirable It might be. the task Is
physically Impossible. The responsibility for
tfie protection of the girls- resls 'upon the
mothers who brought them Into the world
upon the very mother who Is reading these
words as well as upon her neighbor next
door. Every school teacher knows this, even
it tna mothers do not
Literary Road to Reform
DtpECTOR COOKE tJjnks that reports of
the city departments should be more in
teresting; He would have them so written
that the average citizen would read them as
lui would read documents dealing with his
personal business. Then, in the opinion of the
tslrecter of Public Works, the people would
nuUre th cltr business their flwi SlUtt take
gtride la Its honest and efficient conduet and
the Qreatsr and Better Philadelphia, of whlob.
luauy are dreaming, would draw much
awrr
V u will dtMgre with Mr. Ceke. But
v-u.is is the nan who cd make a public
j ( ..mtuit a fartnUjis as the Intent novel? j
lutetAlajr ueeeia to mukm Wtug j
pamphlet o Intensely absorbing that It dis
placed tho latest fiction In otheV forms oh the
dressing tables of fashionable society. Glad
stone could make a btidgci speech full of fig
ures almost as entertaining an any fnlry
story, anil other makers of language have
achieved similar feats. It Mr. Codko had at
his command n Gladstone or ft Macaulay, or
Inciting these, an enthusiastic and trained
newspaper writer, he might demonstrate
wlml he means In his own department. But If
ho succeeded In making his reports as read
nble ns he thinks they should be, ho would
nml thai tho advertising manager of a great
enterprise would otltbld him for the services
of his genius. The experiment, nevertheless,
Is worth making,
Be n Good Citizen Tonight ,
Lr.T every citizen of Philadelphia do his
1 duly tonight by taking part In the mon
ster demonstration. A city is up In arms,
a whole people reverting to methods of older
days that their representatives In Councils
may be estopped forever from pleading Igno
rnnco of the public wishes. Take part in
this ultimatum of the citizenry that you may
boast of It to your children nnd their
children.
For let no citizen Imagine that a great
outpouring Is unnecessary. There nro wary
obstructionists nbout, even If n storm of
protest has swept them temporality Into
their holes.
There still aro Councllmen who must be
whipped Into line. One gentleman, for in
stance, sagely announces that ho does "not
understand rapid transit," although the nlr
has been full of little else for months. An
other says that he hns been out of town nnd
knows nothing nbout It. Still another talks
nbout what he will do "If plans are made by
March," as If the plans had not been pub
lished months ago. No, nothing must be
takon for granted. There Is obduracy to bo
overcome, and the public must speak tonight
In a voice so freighted with determination
that no group of men will daro defy It.
There Is but one issue. That Philadelphia
shall have rapid transit nnd a universal
5-cent fare hns become a civic passion which
cannot bo denied and opposition on tho main
proposal has been hamstiung. Tho ob
structionists still cling to tho hope, never
theless, that they can delay the beginning
of construction a full year by postponing tho
election until June. March or Juno is tho
lsue, the vital issue. It Is to this point that
the meeting tonight must be directed Let
Its verdict In favor of a March election bo
overwhelming nnd mandatory, ns it will bo
If the demonstration approaches what Is
augured In magnitude. For theio Is no power
In Philadelphia that can successfully resist
a program of the whole people, intelligently
conceived and definitely brought forward.
It Is a citizens' assemblage, and In it every
citizen should take a part, rich and poor,
employed and unemployed. Let them march
by tens of thousands within the shadow of
City Hall, with one purposo In view and one
purposo only: namely, that they be given the
opportunity to vote for rapid trnnslt in
March, not In June.
The people have their lasso on rapid transit
and now is the time to corral It. Let every
man put his citizenship to' tho test tonight.
The Earthquake iii Italy
WHEN the legendary Enceladus turned
In his bed under Mount Aetna In 190S
and Sicily and Calabria were shaken as they
were never shaken before, 103,000 lives were
destroyed. This was the most disastrous
earthquake In Italian history, after the fa
mous destruction of Pompeii nnd Hercula
neum. It was so recent and so terrible that
the earthquake of Wednesday, in the vicinity
of Rome, seems trivial In comparison. But
not b nco 1693, when Sicil nan shaken by
the vulcanic disturbance In Aetna, have thete
been half a dozen more serious calamities In
Italian territory.
The Itnllan peasants, and even some of the
-well educated, are seeing signs and portents
In this earthquake. The colonnade on one
side of the plaza fronting Bt. Peter's was
cracked. The column of Marcus Aurellus In
the Piazza Colonna was broken, and the
statue of St. Paul that surmountB It changed
Its position. And, more ominous than these,
the 60-foot statue of the Saviour on the roof
of the church of St. John Lateran was hurled
to the ground. "What can these things mean,
but that God Is displeased because Europe
Is at war? The natural explanation of the
earthquake will not satisfy those who are
pleased to see In It a manifestation of divine
displeasure. But whatever theory we may
hold, the stricken districts deserve the sym
pathy and assistance of, that part of the
world which Is at peace. That part devas
tated by war will extend Its sympathy be
cause It knows what suffering Is; but it
cannot give much assistance
Are you for rapid transit? Say so tonight.
There Is a rush to get on the transit band
wagon now. Flops show which way the wind
blows.
That shortage of toothpicks In Belgium
would seem to be the absolute zero In things
to worry about.
Mr. Bryan warns all Americans against
making unnecessary pleasure trips to Eu
rope, What do you mean, pleasure trips?
Senatpr Borah shpuld not be toq hard on
the President, Batellltlah la a strange word,
oHiarsh word, and Mr. Bryan may not like It.
An American newspaper writer has been
wounded, which goes to show how dangerous
war Is for correspondents, now that they can
not get to the firing line.
Governor Tenetfs experience as an execu
tive may enable him to steer the baseball
ship of state through the shoals. Good luck
to him In the trying, but ha has a man's Job
ahead of him and more besides.
The resignation of Berchtold, Austrian
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Is one of the
best things that has happened In a long tme.
The opinion, baa been general that he waa a
little more responsible than anybody else
for tho war. He ivould haye been entitled
to the peac prize had be resigned a year
agD. fr without him there would taav been
po oatajtlyUm. It woul4 at Jeat ba been
itgoacd.
MORE EFFICIENCY IN
OUR CITY GOVERNMENT
Why Philadelphia Needs n Single
Chnmhcrcd Council Senatorial Dis
tricts Might Bo the Election Uittts.
The Present Legislative System.
Hy CLINTON 110GK11S WOODRUFF
HOW many subdivisions of a municipal
legislature should thero bo? Or, to put It
In another way, should n municipal Council,
lo achieve the maximum of governmental
efficiency, consist of one or two chambors?
Tho answer of recent Amellcnn develop
ment hna hecn overwhelming. It Is that a
single-chambered Council not only suffices
for all tho city's needs, but It Is an essential
part of a modern charter.
Not a single now charter drafted within
tho Inst 10 yenrs but has provided for a
single body. Every commission-governed
city, and thero aro 400 of them, has one sln-Blo-clmmbercd
Council.
Of tho lending 50 cities In the United
Slntcs, only the following havo a two
chambered body: Philadelphia, Baltimore,
Kansas City, Piovldenco, Louisville, Wor
cester, Mass,, Itlchmond, Va and Cambridge,
Mnitn,.
Why should Philadelphia remain In tho
"diminishing clas1"?
Why should not Philadelphia, havo the
'best posslblo legislative machinery Instead
of the least effcctlxo7
Juggling of Public Policies
Why has tho tiond of American cities
been toward a single body? Chiefly becnuso
of the demand for responsibility nnd re
sponsiveness. The American pcoplo want
t'lllclency. To grit clliclency theio must be
ii concentration of irtiponslhility, nnd there
enn bo no such result when thero nic two
IrglHlutivn bodies, between which public
policies may be Juggled nnd pvenlunlly lost
to sight. Wlioro jou hno surh n Council,
now j on sco a policy, and now you don't,
nccmdliig to tho desires of those In 'Con
tiol. Tho American people want a larger mens
uro of democracy In their city governments,
and, tbcrfore, they want responsiveness In
tholr legislative bodies.
The Evils in a Double Chamber
True, a double chamber Is responsive but
to tho political organization In control,
rather than in tho people who nrc moat
directly concerned.
Philnilclphluus do not havo to go far nlleld
for an lltiistrnllnn. To whom do tho pres
ent Council respond the more quickly: Tho
people who nominally elected them, or to tho
political organization that selected them, In
tho first place, nnd mnnnged their election
In tho second?
How should tho Council lie made up of
members selected nt largo or elected from
wnrdi?
The trend in the smaller communities has
been ovei w hplniliigl v toward election nt large:
and so in cities llko Boston, Buffalo. Pitts
burgh, St. Paul, Denver, Seattle. Pnrtlnnd,
Oic: San Francisco, Los Angeles.
Cleveland In her new chnrtcr lias rotniurd
ward representation. Sho has a single
chamber, consisting of one member fiom
each ward.
St. Louis clerts her Council nt large, but
thero Is one member nominated from each
ward.
The Case of Philadelphia
What about Philadelphia? Thero are thoso
who advocate a single body of ID, elected at
large. But is that the wisest course to follow
In a city of tho size and character of Phila
delphia? Is thero not some mlddlo ground
between election nt largo and ward repi oscil
lation which will do away with the dangers
of the two plans? Log-ioillng Is tho great
evil of small ward lepiesent.itlon. But there
is a real demand for Borne sort of local rep
resentation In a city of Philadelphia's size.
Partisan control Is the great danger of a
Council elected nt largo in a metropolitan
community.
Why not adopt a large unit say tho Sena
tmlul districts nnd elect two or three mem
bers from each district? '
This would give us a slnglp small body,
nnd n repic-entntlvp body South Philadel
phia. West Philadelphia. Ninth Philadelphia,
flprmiintown, Nmthcast PlillndPlphln and the
cptitinl sections would nil be lpprespnted and
ct wo Mould be getting away from the
domination of tho small wards, which now
conttul the situation.
To such a body, so elected, tho city paying
an adequate compensation, wo could entrust
the election of a city manager, when the time
comes, with a reasonable assurance that a
high-grade man would be selected on the
basis of merit.
To be sine, as the late E L. Godkln said:
"No municipal reform will last long or prove
efhclpnt without a strong and heathy public
spirit behind It. With this almost any char
ter would prove efllrlpnt", but at the samn
time, there are certain forms of government
which make for Inefficiency and misgovern
ment, and the double-chambered Council Is
such an one. And thero are others which
make for bettor government, and he slngle
ehambcred body Is such an one.
Antiquated Tools
The big Idea that crops out In nearly all
the formal discussions upon the Improvement
of municipal government hinges, as the Bal
timore American says, upon the theory that
government for a city means, or should mean,
the management of the city's affairs upon
scientific business principles. "Tiat," In the
words of the American, "was the Idea that
cropped out in the discussions at the sessions
of the National Municipal League. It Is also
the Idea that is being more or less effec
tively applied In the governmental affairs of
the majority of modern cities. We are. grad
ually outgrowing the belief that protecting
the Just from the unjust Is the main func
tion of government."
The Modem Idea jn Government
This new conception of municipal govern
ment, which makes It tho greatest' actor In
our lives, requires a new conception of our
legislative body and a, new conception of an
administrative force. The former must bo
selected because of their ability to see the
city and Us neads and to formulate wise
pollolM. The lattwfmust be selected because
of their ability toejute policies.
The need of experts Is coming to be recog
nized more generally and there are few cities
In these days that are attempting to do
things without expert advice.
There is a vast amount of experimentation
Just now with th machinery of city govern
ment, but to quote again from the Baltimore
Ataerlean. "there is not now and thsre never
will ba a government machine that will run
automatlally and grind out a good brand
cif go'miavot, Ajway awl always It vlll
FLOOD 1
' ' , . )
bo the men behind the mnchlnery that will
put the good or bnd stump on tho results";
but It is equally futile to expect oven the
host of men chosen by the most enlightened
constituents to do good work with antiquated
tools, nnd yet this is what wo nro expecting
our municipal legislators nnd administrators
to do In thoso cities vvliero old-fashioned
governmental machinery hns not been role
gated to the Rcrnp-heap.
THE CLAWS OF ALMA MATER
Wlmt Happened to Hill Smith and Some Other
l'cllous Willi the Snmo Name.
BY HURTON KLINE
AT lcn.st by heaisay, If not by experience,
everybody knows the startling rpvplatlons
that befall when you look at tho simplest
drop of water especially Philadelphia water
thiough a micro-scope. But vvntor Is not
tho only simple substunco to reveal hidden
wonders. Tnko Harvard University, for ex
ample. On the surface Harvnid wears even
better than Hip usual divine smile of Alma
Mntpr. Under the microscope she confesses
to traits of character that would have dis
graced Semiramis. Alma Muter has n benign
fnce, but slip has also cruel claws. All col
leges have turned out distinguished men,
Other men, worthy fellows, they nro as stead
ily driving to suicide. Read on, If you don't
bollevo this. Havo a look through the micro
scope and bo convinced.
Young mpn come to college in what Is cour
teously called tho formative state. Their
minds are as if packed lit boxes. No one,
not even tho owner, knows definitely what
Is In each box. College exists to pry oft
tho lids and liberate the contents. Some of
tho lids never get pried off In college. It
takes the heavier hammer of the real world
io knock them off. Most of the lids como
off readily. A few of them fly off of their
own neemd. Tho minds within them leap out
at tho (list touch of tho college hammer.
They begin taking tho prizes. They get
olected to class offices. The faculty, regard'
lng them as happy results of their shaping,
slnglo these minds out for favors and hon
ors Fame, at least within the college, has
como nt onco to these chaps. That Is to say,
the college has nlieady begun to pinctlce Its
cruelties on some of these poor devils.
Because the four ycais of college are not
a long enough test. College cannot avoid
sometimes ciuelly encouraging tho wrong
man One chap it may discover, by every
test, to bo a second William Slinkespeare.
It tells him this. It carefully but proudly
prepares him for tho responsibilities, the
pinnacles and pitfalls of being another
Shakespeare Then ho goes out Into a wait
ing world, which Is apt to bury him as plain
BUI Smith.
This Is rough on William. Hitter and
sometimes traglo disappointment is his lot.
Some years ago one of these William Smiths
shono brilliantly nt the greatest of our col
leges. No Cambridge tea was complete with
out his presence. His epigrams and pithy
grams were dnlly bandied about the college,
and even beyond It. By every appearance
he had only to step out Into the vvprld, take
a firm grasp of things and Immediately be
President, or a great poet or railroad mag.
nate. Today he Is probably the most accom
plished member of the I. W. W. fraternity.
No doubt he regards himself as a sincere
and Impassioned reformer. In reality lie hns
simply formulated a philosophy to explain
his failures and express his personal disap
pointment and bitterness. College had
cruelly encouraged, overencouraged him.
Alma Slater has Beorred him with her claws.
Do be careful, Almal
Prussianizing the United States Senile
From th New York Herald.
Being blessed with the leisure essential to a
proper reading of official reports of Congres.
slonal proceedings, the Hartford Courant has
discovered that the chaplain of the Senate re
cently advised the Almighty In an opening
prayer that
"The State Is a divine Institution called Into
being by Thy grace to secure the freedom of
Thy people and to guarantee to them their nat
ural rights"
Most Americans regard the State as a man
made business arrangement for carrying on the
affairs of government. The Idea that It Is a
"divine Institution" was born lq Prussia, has
beeu fastened upon the German people in the
name of "kultur" for the convenience of the
ruling caste, and should not have any place In
the United States of America.
Chance for Home Textile Trade
Prom the New York Press,
One of the best results of the war Is to teach
the United States to depend upon herself for
fine textiles. With the Prenoh mills closed, the
most exquisite novelty silks must be manufac
tured here If they are tQ be worn In coming
seasons. Now tbat our manufacturers are put
upon their mettle they are In a fair way to
establish In this emergenoy a reputation worth
having as a permanent asset
Those "Literary" Battalions
Vrom ih AtUnia Constitution.
Tt I'hkagu Herald speaks of "literary bat
talions " That's wbttre war has a utneh. Any
critic .can uu.lt th.ua fighting toad.
CRUISE OF THE GOOD SHIP "RED CROSS"
Incidents in Foreign PorLs Dodging
the Borders of War Hospitality of tho Netherlands.
By ARMISTEAD RUST
Cpliln U. S. r7, Itctlrerii Ltle Miller S. S. Itn) Crou
ON August 5, 1914, the International and
Wnr Bollef Boards of tho American Red
Cioss Society Society issued an appeal to
tho people of this country for funds to sond
a ship to the unfortunate nations Involved in
this war and to carry on tho work of tho
society In Europe. This plan was approved
by President Wilson, who made a second ap
peal on August 13. In response to the needs of
the society Congress passed a Joint resolu
tion on August 20 authorizing the American
Bed Cross Society to chnrtcr a ship of for
eign register for tho purpose .of sending
prompt assistance, and tho steamor Ham
burg, of the Hamburg-American Line, vvns
selected to transport tho surgeons, nurses
nnd medical supplies to tho ports of Fal
mouth, Bordeaux and Rotterdam. The ship
was given tin American register, her name
changed to the Red Cross, and on September
3 the United States ensign nnd Red Cross Aug
wcro hoisted and tho ship placed In commis
sion. Tho Red Cross personnel came on board
on September 5, 30 surgeons under Major R.
U. Patterson, Medical Corps, United States
Army, and 125 nutsos under tho direction of
Miss Helen S. Hay. Tho loading of about S00
tons of medical supplies was completed on
September 12.
The Red Cross sailed for Falmouth the
next day. Great Interest was manifested In
tho depnrturo of the ship as she proceeded
down North Rlvor the day before, as sho was
saluted on all sides by tho shipping at the
docks and passing steamers, ferryboats and
tugs. On her return to New York, travel
stained and worn, with the white paint wash
ed off In great patches, there was not one tug
boat so lowly ns to do her reverence not a
"bloomln' 'orn to give a toot." As fine fenth
ers mako flno" birds, so fine paint makes a
fine ship.
The Light of the Cross
In order to enable foreign men-o'-war to
readily distinguish the ship at night-a large
cross mode of rod electric lights was carried
on the mainmast, which could be turned on
In a moment The first night out from New
York a large ciulser approuched and turned
on her searchlights, but Bped away In the
darkness when this cross wns displayed.
The ship arrived at Falmouth about mid
night September 23, and wns boarded and
Inspected under the searchlights of the forts
on shore, and given tho necessary private
signals to enable her to enter the harbor.
The Mayors of Falmouth and Penzance and
other officials visited the ship, and at the
request of the Mayor of Falmouth the ship
was oponed to visitors for a day, when It
was estimated between 1500 and 2000 persons
came on board. Prior to chartering the Red
Cross tho society had requested Rear Ad
miral Aaron Ward, U. S, N retired, who
was In Europe when the war broke out, to
make preliminary arrangements for the
transportaion of the personnel and supplies
to their various destinations upon the ar
rival of the ship. Admiral Ward came on
board at Falmouth and returned to New'
York In this ship.
During the passage from Falmouth to
Paulllac, tho port of Bordeaux, the present
capital of France, the ship was frequently
spoken by British and French cruisers and
torpedoboats, On one occasion while sig
naling to a French cruiser it was observed
that her gun's were trained on the harmless,
old Red Cross. Of course this was not any
thing but a very proper precaution, as a
good rule to observe In time of wr Is not to
trust anything that you see until you know
all about It. However, a negro waiter seeing
this threw up his hands and exclaimed,
''Come an' git us, but Lord, don't shoot!"
Cotton Bales Bayonetted
As the stores were being discharged at
Paulllao one of the soldiers on the dock, not
having an X-ray machine, handy, ran hla
bayonet through a bale of cotton, presumably
for purposes of inspection, to the Intense
disgust of one of our Red Cross surgeqns,
who was very indignant that any one should
take such a liberty with an American bale
of cotton and pel haps Introduce some foreign
microbe. He could hardly have been mere
Ipdlgnant had the bayonet been stuck in him.
Or perhaps he was Indignant that the soldier
should have put his bayonet to such an Ig
noble use as tQ stick It In a bale of cotton
when it was Intended to be put to the noble
use of sticking a manl
These soldiers seemed to b fond of bayonet
practice. Judging from the experience of a
colored gentleman who left the dock to ex
plore the town but soon returned very much
out of breath, saying, "Dat ain't no place for
me One o' dera sojers Jus' chased me back
to de ship with one o dem rosat skewers!"
Bet after Mfovtpir B$w Xork tbre stow-
Mines in the North Sea Scenes on
nwnya woro found onboard, one Austrian &nl
two Germans, who were hero turned over (?
a French army officer. Tho day belofi'
reaching England theso hid again for feu
that they would be delivered to tho British
authorities, and they gave tho ship's police'
lively hunt before they wero found, but lif
British authorities declined to receive uW
They left tho dock at Paulllac In an auty
mobile with their captor, contentedly
smoking cigarettes, which had been furnlshM
them by this polite ofTlcer.
Dead Floating on the Sea
We sailed from Paulllac for Rotterdam
October 4. At 1 a. m., October 6, a wlreleivi
message was received stating that the Brit
lsn nau laid mines In tlio southern part,o(
tho North Sea, nnd warning nil vessels, mill
crossing tho North Sea a number of BrltMs
torpedoboats and trawlers dragging Iota
mines wore sighted. Every effort was evMa
dently mado to keep a route to Holland cleir;
of mines.
On October 6, nbout 2:40 p. m., near this
Maas Light vessel off the Hook of HollandJl
tho bodies of Boveral seamen were seen froa
the ship floating In tho water. Without dpufct
these poor fellows had been members of thl
crews of tho British cruisers Abouklr, Crclsr
nnrl TTnrrnp wtilnli lin,l hcoti nnnlr siSmn tlmft
beforo by a German submarine. This spec-
tacie urougnt it home, to thoso on board uiH
they wcro approaching the scene of hoi-a
unties. ;M
sonnel, the parties for Germany nnd AustrliS
wprn lanilpfl. Wp nil felt pnnvlnreH of tell
fact that no more earnest and efficient rrS
ties were over sent out by the Hed trosi
Society thnn those who went to Europe o:
this occasion.
vJB
Moored to tho dock In tho quiet harbor cli
Rotterdam tho ship's officers passed tM
stormiest part of the cruise. It l w,
known among senfaiing men that it Is Ii
posslblo to mix Irish firemen, West hid!
negroes and gin In such proportions as tw
produce harmony, at least It was not done,45J
this rnsp, but nn obliging and efficient I'Mrf
of police on shore with his comfoi table qu3
tcrs for the unruly relieved the sltualioa
very much.
Refugees in Holland
During 'our stay at this city Antwerp w
taken by the Germans, and we saw thou;
sands of refugees arriving nt the rallw&
station, men, women and children, paea
In box cars as close as the,y could stM
Tho general spirit of tho Netherlander w,
shown in the way they received and csrf4
.. 41 ......., ntnnla .l.Vir, WrA rlfCS
the greatest hospitality. The American lw
Cross Society and Its ship shared In l",
generosity. The firm of Hudlg & Veder afe,
tended to the business of the ship wlthootl
chnrgo, nnd Important repairs were made v
tl
the machlnerv without cost: In fact, everR
thing wns done to show their appreciate
of the mission of the ship, though it n" S.
no ndvantace to the neonle of Holland.
On October 12. at 6:30 a, m., the Red Cntf,
sailed for New York. As soon as clear
lh rlvnr th wlrftlpKn teletrrailh aPPaWWi
L was put in commission, all watertight dogi
closed and the boats made ready mr .iu
l n .,IM,l nnnalhla for It W88 MS
lit, an ,,b.w , ,vi.H.w.v, -
realized at this time that the North Sea'
every day becoming a more dangerous a
lng ground.
During the afternoon a female stowM
njna rilannvprort nn hnnrd. The paSSew
made up a purse for her before we re3tiM
XT.n. -vl. .i.aha alia .,aa turned OVff J2,
iyqw A u n, nitc(g mm ,, .,.-
the Immigration commissioner-
Should Have Learned Ifl
Albany Journal, . j?
... .. m .. . i.. ., InaUwflfl.
inougn tne rresiaeni, wnen - jnw
Inln nfflxa bnxv llllln about bUSlne$S .ffii
average bu!no man knows about Mn.J,f"a
the affairs of a college, ha snouia - ,jyi
by this time that the railroad of the wfjgfi
of this country's business.
nmi i ' ' """
Cause and Effect
From the Omaha Bee. i,
Paradoxically, tSe soimenng in ""'"Jjaj M
coninnuung caue o vio ihm. - - -Ays?
soldlerine rolnsr on at present In our ow "i
try. ,
THE WINDS OF GOD
Aoroji the azure spaces.
Athwart the vasts of eky.
With windowings of mighty wln
The wind of Clod go by
Above the meres and mountains.
With unseen sandals shod.
Above the plains, with chorlo tru
Sweep by th windi of God,
"Peace'-ln His name'" they tnuramn
"Pm in Jis name"' thy cry
Ob men. give aj-l Do y(e not bear
uue winds si uoa go p-t
-Oltntos EcvJlird.
jfa in lna