Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, January 12, 1915, Night Extra, Page 8, Image 8

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

.hir14i.i.nl8wi ii ii i tfummamftMnitm'mmmmmmiumm mi " .imHiHi W mil
lwettt5 j& 2I0er
emus ii. K. cttnTis, riaiDHi.
ijfohn O. Martin, treasurers Charles It Ludlngton,
t M'.lpg. Collins, John B, Williams. Directors.
Ctitts II. R. CcailB, Chairman.
. H. WHALE ..Executive Editor
" " ' ' " ' t
(iiVOtC, StAKTIK. General Business Manager
ruMUhed dally at Pnstto Limch Building-,
Independence Square, Philadelphia,
tTvir.ttt Cjttrrui .......... I)roaA and Chestnut Streets
AiMxTld CiM. ....... . ....... .rrej'tfnm Bulldlnc
Rw Yost.............. ..1T0-A, Metropolitan Toner
fcurcioo.....,,.. 81T Home Insurance Building
Iajnpon......... .S Waterloo Place, rait Mall, S. W.
Wjtt(t9BTo Bnstur......, The Tafrtol Hulldlnt
WAtuiNOTOK imrntAO. ...... ....... .The i'ost Dulldlnf
Nbw Yohk IJCftKAB ...The 7(me llnllcllnr
pr.nt.IN iiurcao, ................. .no Frledrlchstrasse
LokdoW Hoskao...... 2 Tall Mall Kast, S. W.
f Atia Bceiiu ....32 Hue Louis le a rand
suBscmrno.N terms
Br carrier, Built Onii, six cents. By mall, postpaid
ttnelde of Philadelphia, except where foreign poelage
In required? Dult Onlt, one momh, twenty-live cents!
Duly Onlt, one year, three dollars. All mall sub
scriptions payable In advance.
EOT Xdir)t alt communication) la Svtntna
I&ter, Independence Bqvare, rhttadelpMa.
W ' ' '
iitTEsts at iai rniLAPiurnu rosTornoa is sbookd-
rnitADELniiA, Tuesday. jAMfAnv 12, 1910.
fThsro was a man who teas always too busy
kk to play; he's dead.
Champion of Neutral Rights
TIE British reply to our protest against
undue Interference with our purely neu
tral commeroo la "I am sorry If It hurts. I'll
Co It again."
England has refused to declare a formal
blockado of Germany, -with Its attendant re
sponsibilities, but has sought and Is seeking
by active Interference and Intimidation to
compel even neutral nations to Join In tlio
boycotting: of tho German Empire
England -will not, for Instance, permit
Italy to carry on a freo trade with tho United
States unless Italy gives guarantee that con
traband shall not bo shipped from Italy to
Germany. Sho requires tho same warranties
from Denmark, Holland, Norway and
Sweden. To tho neutrals of the world sho
says: "You cannot buy for yourself unless
you refuse to sell to our enemies." Every
neutral must surrender part of Its sovereign
ghts or'bo penalized In Its importations. No
Bhip can go upon the high seas, whatever Its
cargo, without being subjected to British In
spection. If tho United States wero a British
colony, its European trade could scarcely
bo held more thoroughly undor tho orders
of the British Admiralty. British ships hang
outside our harbors and wo cannot ship a
cargo of cotton to a peacoful nation until
i British prodding needles have gone through
It balo by balo.
Innocent neutral commerce has been ter
rorized. There is more than a suspicion that
high charter rates are a British war meas
ure and that the cost of carriage has de
liberately been made almost prohibitive to
assist the Allies In their effort to starve Qer
many. England has won control of the seas and Is
entitled to the legitimate advantages result
ing therefrom. It would be Idiocy for her
not to press them home. But sho must not
So too far. She must not drive neutrals out
of business. She must not paralyze the trado
of tho world. She must reoognlze the rights
of all neutrals, of whom In this lnstanco tho
United States Is tho champion. She must not
forget that her embargoes can bo mado the
worst kind of boomerangs If this country
desires, and that wo need no battleships' and
no sea control to vindicate our rights. Tho
United States, not England, has tho whip
Sir Edward Grey does "not desire to con
test tho general principles of law" laid down
by us. His reply, therefore, is an expodlenoy
plea which recognizes fully the exigencies of
England but gives little attention to our own.
It may be assumed that Washington, while
never forgetting the peculiar conditions that
axlst and the intricate problems which con
front Europe, will nevertheless bo sturdy la
Its defense of neutral rights and vigilant In
Its protection of our legal commerce. Al
ready our protest has Improved the situation
somewhat, and It will be further Improved
before the negotiations are terminated, as
they will be, peaceably.
"Willing to Paj for What They Get
(SENATOR OLIVER says nothing new
O when he declares that the people have
to pay for steel cars, safety devices, lndl
Tldual drinking' cups and all this sort of
.thing which tho laws are compelling tho
railroad companies to provide. Of course,
the people have to pay for them, and the
peoplo are not disposed to haggle over a fair
price. They know what they wish, nnd they
are willing to foot the bills. But they object
most strenuously to paying three cents for
one cent's worth of service. And they ob
ject, conversely, when their public officials
decline to permit tho railroads to charge
enough for their service to provide it In a
satisfactory way without bankrupting tho
A Game That Two Can Play ,
MARTIN G. BRUMBAUGH takes office
one week from today and tho General
Assembly reconvenes at the same time. Then
the game for the mastery begins between the
Organization, which will be represented by
the Senate Committee on Executive Appoint
ments, and the Governor, who Is the pres
ent nope of those looking for better things.
Tho undoubted purpose of the Organization
(s to sandbag or bludgeon the new Governor
Into submission, by holding up all appoint
ments, distasteful to It. The new Senate com
mittee Is a graveyard, a mausoleum, a lethal
chamber, or what you will, devised for tho
purpose, of removing from the publio gaze
very appointee who does not measure down
to the standards of servility and subserviency
which characterize all men content to sur
render their Independence and their con
science to the Organization.
But patronage is a club that two can use
end Ua distribution Is a game at which two
can Play- The Governor-elect must bo
aware of this, even If ho has not read the
provisions of the State Constitution, -which
place the power of appointment in his hands.
And if. perchance, he has not discovered the
uctant of his own powers there ore able and
ijrlnced politicians, friendly to his Inter
t3, who are capable of advising him. The
Bowtc Committee on Executive Appoint
ment can kHl no appointments If no ap
jpotntmenta are made. And If appointments
re wade they can (La no more than reject
Ummo. They nave no power to csrapel the
90Mmor to nam men ajgreeabin t town.
Cfgfes wrfhta in tfc,eossUtutJgn wfaleh
ftmntittU an to AM th oKcm Kk duty ifl
'Mftsf (iutinar tii tMm"f '! 8s4 when
.i'ISmbui! w ajwtr jmmm Am it t
- "fBtanar-Mlectt 0 titgaa&mfM to VMAmy
to fill tho vacancy by a man of his own
choice after adjournment.
The power 1& In tho Governor's hands to
use. If ho sees fit to assert his Independence
and stand up nnd fight for tho dellvernnco
of tho Commonwealth. Th6 Senate cannot
bludgeon him without his consent. Tho Or
ganization cannot ride over lilm unless ho lies
down In Its path. A real man, with vision
nnd foresight and a righteous determination
to uso tho Brent power of tho Governorship
for the benefit ot nil Iho people, can do his
will with the General Assembly.
Thrill of Industrial Itcvivnl
THE pendulum is swinging back. Tho
nttgurica ofj prosperity are beginning to, bo
Since January the -first the news dis
patches have been filled with reports of a re
vival of Industry. Tho railroads have been
purchasing heavily. Tho steel trado has be
gun to recuperate. Mills shut down for
months are beginning to reopen and run on
full time. An increase of 512,000 tons In tho
unfilled orders of the United States Steel Cor
poration coupled with tho remarkable activity
of tho Schwab plant at Bethlehem Is Indica
tive of tho now order of things.
Car shops have reopened In tho West; in
Kansas nnd tho Mlddlo West, following tho
verdict of tho Missouri electorate on tho full
crow law, tho roads aro appealing directly
to tho peoplo and aro receiving n hearing
that promises much in tho improvement of
general conditions. Orders from war-stung
Europe contlnuo to pllo in. Tho demand for
certain articles of clothing is unprecedented.
Tho cutting off of forolgn supplies, which
Is equivalent to the highest kind of tariff,
has revived tho confldenco of manufactur
ers and they aro going ahead with an
nssuranco hitherto absolutely lacking. Tho
enormous profits of tho wheat growers havo
brought a great purchasing power into tho
domestic markets, along staplo lines. Thoro
Is no part of tho country except tho South
that Is not thrilled by tho go-ahead Bplrit,
and tho ascending cotton market has ma
terially brightened tho prospects of that sec
tion. All together now! Duck tho calamity
howler! He has served his purpose and tho
country Is through with him. Tho workers
aro pressing forward to the firing lino. Tho
wheels nro beginning to hum. Tho buzz of
the machinery is llko music. Let Europe dig
ditches; wo havo more productive work at
hand. Tho world wants supplies and we shall
bo ready with them. There Is a new calendar
on tho wall, tho morning mall Is growing,
orders aro coming in. Opportunity will not
get away this time. The door has opened
and she Is safe inside.
Mr. Vare Follows an Illustrious Example
THAT distinguished Shakespearean schol
ar, Representatvo Varo, who Is dodging
the local option issue on tho ground that it
is a Stato question and ho Is a national law
maker, Is saying In the language of Gratiano,
"I thank thee, Mr. Wilson, for teaching mo
that word." With so distinguished a man as
the President dodging the woman suffrage
question around tho stump of State rights
wo may expect to seo others besides Mr.
Vare following his Illustrious example.
The State leaders may say that theso per
plexing questions aro national Issues, whllo
the national leaders say that tho States must
settle them; and tho only result of tho agita
tion is tho development of a proficiency in
dodging which Is tho admiration of tho
angels and the despair ot tho suffragists and
the prohibitionists.
Automobile, Product of Publicity
THE number of automobiles owned in this
Stato increased more than 10 per cent,
lost year over the number owned the year
before In the whole Union 1,127,940 motor
cars were owned in 1913, but in 1914 tho num
ber had grown to 1,803,441, an Increase of
more than 676,000 in a single year, and the
year was one of trade depression.
Tho automobile Bhow now being held In
the Metropolitan Building, In Broad street,
was attended by 15,000 persons on the open
ing night, a fact as significant as the mar
velous growth In the number of cars owned
In tho whole country. Tho motorcar has be
come a necessity. Every enterprising busi
ness man who needs to use a vehtclo of any
kind for going about or for tho delivery of
his goods uses the automobile, because it has
great advantages over every other method of
But the man who says that tho motorcar
has won on Its merits hns told only part of
the story. So has cement won on Its merits
as a building material. But tho cement pro
ducers nnd tho motorcar manufacturers have
been skilful and audacious advertisers of
their wares. People who never thought
seriously of keeping a horse for pleasure
driving are now riding about tho country in
automobiles simply because of tho persistent
and consistent and widespread proclamation
of the comfort, convenience and pleasure to
be derived from this form of relaxation. Tho
philosopher who said that If you make a bet
ter article than your neighbor the world will
And It out and wear a beaten track to your
door was writing of a time when men may
have been willing to wait a lifetime for tho
public to come. The world moves so fast
today that men cannot wait for the fruition
of such slow processes. And when they see in
ten years a single Industry has developed
from small beginnings until 16,000 people will
go out on one pisht in this city to examine
tho latest Improvements In motorcars they
aro In a proper state of mind to consider how
their own business Can be made to grow,
These aro prosperous time's for Secretary
Make It the biggest demonstration of pub
lic opinion the city has ever known,
8a far as the "sandbagging" committee la
concerned. Doctor Brumbaugh saw It first,
'" "' ..' " -"
The fans may not approve, but they can
understand why some ball players were
traded for dogs.
Tho new Governor's message will be one
of "plain facts." If he tella all of them It
will take most ot his term, to deliver It.
The wheat market Is as nervous as a young
cat., and all because the traders recognize the
power of the Government to set things right.
Doctor Zlegler is the kind Of Director the
unemployed like to have. He has advanced
18090 out of hlf own poejset for their rUet
Thi will Im returned to him whn suPglest
r4 tajM) has tiaea unwound.
Its Mission tho Abolishment of War.
Four Principles! Nationality, Uni.
vcrenl Free Trade, World Citizenship
nnd an International Jurisdictidn.
(August fichvan, tho author of the following
article, belongs to a family lono prominent In the
public life nf Hwcrtcn and lie hns himself held Im
portant posts In his native land. Ills service to the
Hovernmcrtt hns hecti In various capacities. In 1805
ho was called to tho Staff College at Merlin through
the special invitation of the Oerman Emperor.
Successively secretary of thn Swedish Legation at
Bt. I'etershurjr, private secretary of the Minister of
Foreign Affairs ot Stockholm, fhamberlaln to the
Klnif, secretary of the Itoynl Commission, on the
Reorganisation of the Consular nnd Blplomatto
Service nfter the break with Norway, he has had
exceptional opportunities for the study of Inter
national relations. Three years ago ho declined a
seat In the Swedish Senate as he had decided to
make till residence In Rnglnml. Ills article below
sets forth his theory that disarmament can.be ef
fee led Immediately after the present war,)
THE outlook for universal penco has
never been so promising as it in today.
Tho war In Europe, which draws all conti
nents into Its ring of misery nnd Buffering,
which mnkes all boob unsafe, Is not only
tho greatest of nil wars. It can also become
tho last of all. Every phase of tho gtgantlo
strugglo Is dally brought lioma to a far
larger number of Individuals than over be
foro wero simultaneously touched by tho red
hand of wnr. As a consequence, nearly every
household on tho civilized globo longs i for
peace and broods over tho ways nnd moans
that could prevent the repetition of the In
sanity which brings tho flower of European
manhood Into a too-early grave.
It Is for tho United Stntea to show how
permanent peace and, more Important still,
general disarmament, can bo secured. By
common consent, America Is tho only possi
ble mediator between tho contending foes.
She Is tho most powerful nation nmong tho
neutrals. Sho Is tho unquestioned asslmllator
of all tho different nationalities which now
strtvo to 'lnjuro nnd destroy each other in
tho Old World. Sho has as her President a
man who enjoys a far more universal respect
than any other living statesman or monarch.
Tho Return to Simple Principles
Under these circumstances, It would In
deed bo unpardonablo If tho Self-governing
peoplo of tho United States did not earnestly
turn their minds to the consideration of tho
unlquo opportunity which offers itself to
them, and to them alone nmong all nations.
Before them they havo a problem which
only has baflled solution because no states
man has as yet had tho courage to look at
our planet with eyes undlmmed by tho preju
dices of history. Tho excuse for this po
litical bankruptcy, if excuse thero must bo, is
the simplest fact that tho explorer, the finan
cier and tho engineer have only In tho last
fow decades succeeded In transforming tho
earth into an entity whero knowledge of
and intcrcourso with all parts hayo been
spread to every corner of tho globe. This
final step In our evolution' in space repre
sents an entirely now situation which ought
to remould all our previous ethical, political
and economic conceptions. As a matter of
fact, it has already dono so. The general
unrest which at present pervades tho whole
world shows that mankind instinctively. If
yet somewhat unconsciously, feels that some
revolutionary chango Is affecting tho old
order of things.
Up till now, ethics, politics and economics
havo had a moro or less national basts. They
must bo, and are, intrinsically unsuitable to
the new planetary epoch with its throbbing
pulse of world-wido financial, commercial,
Industrial and intellectual exchanges. Our
previous conceptions havo indeed been
thrown into the melting pot out of which It
is tho glorious privilege of our generation to
extract a far moro valuable stimulant than
those left to us by tho often conflicting ef
forts of our forefathers. To create order In
the complex chaos, which ovoryono of us
observes everywhere, and which most of us
secretly fear, the most simple principles are
The Trouble With the "Pacifists"
In regard to peaco and disarmament, the
conception of tho State as an entity opposed
to all other States must bo done away with.
It Is nothing but tho failure to seo this that
has marred tho well-meant efforts of all
pacifists, whother before or after the appear
ance of Norman Angell. International rela
tionship must, in all its forms, bo based upon
tho relations which occur between private
Individuals. This demands the general ac
ceptance of but four cardinal principles; that
of nationality, ot universal free trade, of a
world citizenship and of an International
With tho principle of nationality that Is,
tho right of every nationality to govern it
self as it best thinks fit only those will
quarrel who want to exert dominance over
others. In America and Australia, the prin
ciple Is practically already carried out. In
Asia It Is gradually and, on tho whole, peace
fully working Its way. In great parts of that
continent and In Africa, many races are,
however, not yet fit to govern themselves as
fully Independent members of the comity of
nations. For differing periods parts of these
continents must yet be submitted to the
gradually relaxing rule of alien nations who
possess a civilization that is superior at least
In Its International aspect. In Europe, how
ever, no such necessities exist. Thero is no
reason whatever why every European na
tionality should not become Independent and
sovereign. However strange It may seem to
the average American who sees Danes,
Frenchmen, Berbs, Poles and Italians live
peacefully side by Bide with Germans and
Austrlans, It Is tho adherence to artificially
created conglomerations like the Hapsburg
Monarchy and the Turkish Empire and the
severance of largo and growing communities
like Poland and Alsace-Lorraine from their
national ties which Is largely responsible for
the bloody tragedies which tpday All our
startled eyes with heavy tears.
Universal Free Trade
Tho establishment of universal free traije
is .a necesary condition for tho remapping
of Europe according to the principle of na
tionality. Then States like Poland, Hungary,
Bohemia and on ethnographlcaliy Justified
homogeneous principality of Austrlans can
get an assured economic existence without a
seaboard, the allocation of which would re
sult In domination over one or several alien
nationalities. When alt the frontiers are
opened to International commerce, the Stato
Is freed from the fraudulent garb of being a
commercial entity. It will appear in its true
nakedness and show Itself as a purely ad
ministrative semrnpttwqaJth for the protec
tion of those prvat Individuals who, as a
matter of tact, never hesitate to buy In the
ebepit markt however ardently they may
wavo the flag of commereiul patriotism wfcfi ,
BKKmKt " 'fw-:x
they want to sell their produce at an In
flated price.
In his masterly speeches of tho Now
Freedom, Mr. Woodrow Wilson has pro
nounced tho truo epitaph for tho outlived
fablo of tho tariff and tho high wages. To
quiet those who consider custom duties
necessary for raising rovenuo, ono has only
to remember that tho coat of tho United
States army nnd navy and the custom staff
exceeds tho Income from tho tariff by over
JCO.000,000. And last but not least, let us not
forgot that protection has as its moral sup
port tho exploitation of tho foreigner, whllo
universal freo trado Is n logical outcome
of that principle of give-and-take, of selling
nnd buying, without which international
peaco is as Imposslblo as peaceful relations
In tho long run would bo between tho States
of Pennsylvania and New York If their rival
vested Interests wero protected by tariff
World Citizenship
Tho disappearance of tho necessity for
making or unmaking commercial treaties will
seriously curtail the field of diplomacy. To
.further circumvent a profession whoso sharo
in tho crimes against humnnlty is equal' to
its vanity Is absolutely necessary to firmly
establish a world citizenship. It is in itself
tho result of a general tendency and there
foro as desirable as inevitable. In tho ago
of communications, It becomes dally easier
for tho individual to go from ono placo of
tho earth to another. Every year movements
that formerly wero only possible to a select
few become tho habit of multitudes. But as
tho spirit of nationality is Just as much tho
outcome qf hundreds of generations of con
sciously cultivated suggestions as the result
of physiographic conditions, tho tlmo is not
yet ripe for abolishing the right of every
community to reserve admission into Its
territory to whomsoever It chooses.
Awhllo and pending tho steady unconquer-
ablo march of the development of transpor
tation, tho term "world citizenship" must
bo taken to mean that every alien who has
gained entrance Into the territory of any na
tion must In all respects be treated as one of
Its own citizens. Then there will be no need
either for extra-territoriallty or for any
Stato interference on behalf of prlvato Indi
viduals who go abroad, They would do It
at their own risk. Tho notion that eventu
ally many thousands of lives and hundreds
of millions of dollars must bo sacrificed in
order to avenge the wrong committed against
an individual, may ho be an archduke or a
commercial traveler,' is Indeed too absurd to
be a part of the doctrine of civilization any
Should a foreigner And that he Is not treat
ed according to tho law prevalent In tho
country where he permanently or tempor
arily resides, he muBt, however, bo nblo to
appeal to a superior Jurisdiction. This ne
cessitates tho creation of a permanent Inter
national supremo court.
An International Supreme Conrt
The reason that the Hague Tribunal Is bo
ineffective Is primarily duo to the fact that
It Is intended to decide between the claims of
governments. In a world which accepts our
previous conceptions of international rela
tionships such claims would never arise. The
International Supreme Court would Judgo
between alien Individuals and the highest
tribunals of the national Jurisdiction, Such
a court would have to be a very large tribu
nal, wltlj many separate divisions. Possibly
some 120 Judges, distributed in divisions of
flye, would at the beginning bo sufficient.
There both the smaller and larger nations
ought to have their Judicial talents repre
sented. If each nation with between 2,000,000
and 6,000,000 Inhabitants had the right to
nominate one member of the Supreme Court,
and thosp with a larger population, elected
one additional judge for each 6,000,000 Inhabi
tants up to a maximum fotal of ten judges,
no nation would be unduly over-represented
and the requisite number obtained. With
ample salaries paid Into the court Itself by
the different nations, and with appointments
lasting for life, these Judges would be as
Independent of national ties as It Is humanly
possible to make them.
tfhe. authority of the International Su
preroe Court as a truly planetary Institution
depends of course primarily upon the recog
nition that sovereignty ceases, at the na
tional frontiers behind which no nation
olatms lights that It 1b not willing to grant
to others. Outside these national territories
there are the high seas which belong tp
nobody In particular, but are the common
property of mankind. Oyer them the Inter
national Supreme Court should have full
jurisdiction. This Implies the creation of an
International maritime police consisting of
some hundred small cruisers and gunboats
to control navigation on the high ticaa and
to root out piracy wherevtr H styi exists.
These vessels could very appropriately be
manned by eallora from some small demo
cratic nations irtthout political, esonemls or
colonial nmbltlons, as Norway and Den
mark. Their headquarters might bo at
Malta, whoso population should bo given In
dependence, and whero tho arsenal could bo
enlarged In order to sufMco for tho upkeep
and replacement of tho maritime police Moot.
Enforcement of Decisions
To enforce its decision tho International
Supremo Court possesses many means. It
could proclaim a general moratorium against
tho citizens of a nation whoso tribunals re
fused to cxecuto its Judgment. The boycot
ting of all international intcrcourso with tho
citizens of such a nation, and other similar
measures, suggest themselves. Finally, tho
marltlmo International polico could bo cm
powered to seize and confiscate all ships and
floating merchandise belonging to tho citi
zens of tho offending nation. With ono word,
all sorts of pressure could bo mado to bear
upon the individuals who compose a nation
and who really aro severally responsible for
its International behavior whether they sub
mit to an autocracy or to a government con
trolled by tho people.
With such a stato of affairs tho need for
national navies and armies would bo gone.
They could nnd should bo abolished. War
ships and other warlike material could at
onco be destroyed, as well as all tho arma
ment works. To prevent ' any nation from
secretly making warlike preparations tho
nunber and terms of enlistment for tho na
tional police forces should bo fixed accord
ing to a slmplo and uniform standard, con
trolled by tho International Supremo Court,
to which tho polico estimates of all States
should yearly bo submitted. With a maxi
mum total of ono policeman for every 600
inhabitants, whether divided into national
(federal), municipal, county or local polico
forces or not, tho grand total of all national
polico forces would Bcarcoly exceed 3,600,000
men. As they would rarely uso their fire
arms a yearly output of 120,000 rifles would
suffice. Consequently, tho retention of ono
single rifle manufactory would cover tho
needs of tho whole world. It might with ad
vantage bo placed under tho control of tho
United States Government as a federal In
stitution from where all nations could obtain
its quota of rifles at cost price. Tho am
munition could bo manufactured In Aus
tralia, which is also far removed from Eu
rope. In either case tho international mari
time police which controls the seas would be
able to prevent any attempt to get hold of
tho requisites for armed strugglo on a largo
Method of Disarmament
Provisionally a limited number of some of
the present armies and their equipment would
havo to bo kept In order to disarm those
parts of the world, principally situated In
tho north of Africa and near Asia, where
tho population goes about its daily business
armed with rifles,- and where for that very
reason equal justice to foreigners can novor
be guaranteed. Tho mere fact that all the
armament workB all over the earth would
bo destroyed would very soon make It Im
possible for such countries to resist. Else
where, as In Mexico, revolutionary move
ments would also flicker out for want of
arms and ammunition.. Thus the armies ex
empted from the general dlsbandment would
very soon become superfluous. In the mean
time the International Supreme Court would,
at fixed periods, scrutinize and gradually di
minish their establishments. In the marl
time police the Supreme Court has a means
of preventing their transportation to other
territories than those allotted to them. Their
employment thero would, under universal
free trade, confer no commercial privileges
on the nations who would be responsible for
them. They would therefore gradually tend
to be regarded as a financial burden on the
If the partition ot the disorderly and unex
plolted regions of the earth which have not
yet come under the guardianship of a su
perior civilization Is made In equity and jus
tice, the last function of diplomacy would be
gone. With no political or commercial treat
ies to make or to Interpret, deprived of Its
rights to "protect" either travelers or mis
sionaries, foreign offices, embassies, legations
and consulates become superfluous. An In
exhaustible source of poisonous snobbery and
false Information would dry up. Interna
tional relations would be exclusively carried
out by those professional experts who silently
make It possible for one letter to go around
the world In perfect safety, who connect the
tlme-tabjes of the different railway syBtenw
of adjoining countries and who, in a thousand
other ways unnotlceabla to the public, ex
chapge the fruits of Industrial and intel
lectual experience In International gatherings
In ever-Increasing number.
Tlw Hula of Right
The only people who would reajly suffer
would be the investors in the armament
trade, the anonymou journalists wh am
htuib r wufRin iip scares, ana the nnu.
tary and naval professions. But even these.
(X .9
would only have to complain of an enfor
chango of habit. Disarmament would iffi
untold resources in nrms, brains and tncwl
for tho rapid development of the backwiHj
parts of tho earth. Tho general hwtenGf
of social reform which would follow friuj
tho introduction or universal pormaast
...inrn 1a an Jnnn fnlln Viln tlmf nvtn ntl n.'.!
JW..S.u wv. w.uum.u ..u v.w. HII J.CUD Ql
it. .Owl
so to till
fancy would And ready employment
half of the officers aro at present close
horrors of war. Many of them will be Wl!(
beforo It IS over. The wounded and ths"'
scathed will soon bo heartily sick of It :'$
The time to disarm is at the closo of till
war. Tho nation to do it is the Unliff
States. The man to put it in before fir
world Is President Wilson. It Is a work'f
greater than any that over fell to an ejodff
to a nation or to a man. .A.nu it it is a worn
that In ono aspect Is distasteful to a gruft
many of tho citizens of tho United SfaSi,1
wo do not advocato tho abandonment m
pruiuiiuun UCtUUSU ll .a X kiuuvj, wu W.j
rmisn It Is n. sacrifice. Without sacrilcii
nothlmr great was over done. Without ttj)
sacriflco of the theory of protection, whlcl,
after all, Is only the sacrifice of tlmtA;
orcd prejudices, universal peace will forK;
l.n n. ntonln.. If America falls to rcallze,tt.ili"
has failed In her mission. But If she p
scsses n little of that courage that now nail,
to waste in the Old World, sho will Very wor
see that .a great America is an Anwict
which does something great for mankind,
as a creat citizen Is a man who accompUSMl
something great for his own country, pi
doing so sho Is bound to succeed whereofet
hnra fnilml. Thev have tried to rule m
world by Might. Tho United States wlllleU
It by laying the foundations of itignt.
A Coming Event
Wmm tViA Ttnltlmorfi News.
Business Is not given to cheerfulness wjMjj
times arc not good. Tne wiuespreau ki v
now prevails that we are on tne aro ut ;-
business revival would nanny eisi "
there was substantial basis for the belief.
Nurture, Not Nature
Pmm thn Kansas City Star.
A scientific gem ,.. ,i haB reminded m.
country onco moro that Judging from tM i
of skulls dug up out of the misty past, W
i ., Mna t,inl. .nnnnltv now than n ?'-
haB remlndM tt.
125,000 years ngo. There has long been a "W,
suspicion that nobody In tho 20th century WU
anything on Socrates or Plato or Arisioue, sgi
we are quite reaay to dcubvu w '""".mm;
cave men with stone axes more than w?t
years ago who nau me posaiuiiuico w. --
Arlstotles or Edlsons. J$
rl..niirnp-ln,.? Vnt nt all. The. race ("WJ
to have enoush brain capacity Ir) KenerLH
get on nicely. The only trouble is Jn K
it oultivatcd. H
m ... a i j...i .., ,.n n little reop-!
on a favored spot In Southern Europe n "Si
ceeded In building up a wonderful clvllu"W
But thero wns n whole world of barbarians
weren't educated up to it. They had the OT
but not the civilized background. They wA
cood physical inheritance, but not social g
herltnnce, It hns taken most of the """ "gt,
tho ago of Aristotle to develop the ritw rf.
roundlngs and the general tnnenteo n-Jg
ideas on a large enough scaio to urmt, - -;j
slderable share of the "millions of vufl3
Europe to the gateway or civiiw". ,'.
many millions are still far removed from, J
door. ' .. .. .. J9
Nature generally does pretty well. JM
ture that Is lacking, Happily that W , J5tf
modity that can be manufactured in """",1B
lots If communities set themselves with JaBI1
to tho Job.
Cnrna lillknn M,,on A wnrd WitHln thl" 5M
Why should 'we soar the loftier atmospMMW
MM iMlrrnnta crossed tha Soul knOWS DW
of, .3
When here below we have such themes Jf
And Joy, and Helpfulness, ana uro,"vo7t
Ana countless otners quite as iruo --
Why seek the upper regions for our themes I
Whm hern nn earth ara things SUr(,H'!i
i1ra m
ThA hllla fnr.fllinn. with nil their mSSS? l"1
Fit emblems of a vast, eternal strepS"i
And dreamy valets beneath them,
harms -
Within the shadow ot .their circling arm"
The Sea. the Mlll-Streams, and tha WW fj
That do man's bidding, and nis Dura -
The acres broad, all teeming with the P
4 4(i. VWUICEt 1U (lilt VVItU l(UtS 1
Until all-fruitful to man's hand we f
The earth a smiling, golden granaryl
Tha lnv nf aA tn lata nf lass fOT Iftdt
The heart of man by woman's eyes rosJ I
ThA elf!, nt 11a. ttin Artl,t t9 thfl XttM
Earth's secrets yielding to tha minds of nji
For laurels won through service to tb rw
Why soar to heights to please the tuotett'
wnen mere Da countless muwiuaes "-,
Who thirst to hear the simpler on
Whom God hath sent Ills promises ta mm
wno asK out soma soft mitigating "?
To give Nepe, nthe to some bow of pain?
T.ar ittha,. .Inn tn Y,4iia ft nV M12J41
Let others seize the laurels that they l'50f
wno soaf auove, and soaring inupsr -.
Some abstract note to thrill tha wobm
J am ecntaat to dwsll on planes apart
And sing Mia simpler song3 that rw
Jfektt KirWt BSBfS. VW9,