Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, January 05, 1915, Night Extra, Page 8, Image 8

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croud if. k cuntis. rtsitsar.
Jahrt C Jliurn, Trmflrer. Charim K Ludlngion,
fblllli 6 Colllti. John B Wlllltmt Directors,
Cirbs II. Jl. Cifiti. Chairman.
Pi It WJIAt.Er.. . Kiwullve IWIIor
Central Buslneiis Manaser
Published dully at rcnf.ro I.bwjbi Ilulldlng, f
Independence Square, Philadelphia,
r.rm CKMMlt , . , , , .Broad and Chestnut Streets
ATWHtIO Ciiv ,f rirjj-Unloii llulldlnir
New roK ...r 170-A, Metropolitan Tower
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TAaicna Btiru. .. ....... .Tli Talrlol TlulWlnir
WAIllIINBToy HUBKAU ...The rot Ilulldlnic
" .rlc "tJiuuo.. . .. ... The Times lltillillne
P"ILV n,pl W FrlcdrlchBtraM
Uokvo Hvnrv ,. 2 rail Mall East, 8 W,
Piwa Bua wo 32 Hue Loula le Grand
' suDscntrrioN TcnMs
By earner, DMiYO-.tr, dlxcentn. By mall, postpaid
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l rwjnlred DAlir UNtY, one month, tuenlynts oent;
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kmstom-, mainmoo
BST Addrtn alt communteftlfons to Hienlng
ttdget, Independence Square, Philadelphia.
xtftEttEi) at Tne rmiAtuLrnu ro.irorncn as SECOND
pllltrAMEl-PlllA, TUfcSDA . JANUAKY 3, 1915
Let us not be sclf-rtahtcous because tec arc
hard up. There is really no plctv
In bctiw poor.
Complete the Machine
To the Editor of the Kvcnlng Ledger:
W13 HAVU passed through flvo of tho
biggest month tho world has ever
known, big In catastrophe, In tragedy and In
meaning. Let others argue that this Is tho
toppling of civilization's structure, another
Tower of Babel resulting from our efforts to
substltuto purr- sclenco for Omnipotence. I
am content, for my part, to remember tho
general riot and chaos that ushered In tho
French Revolution, and consider tho present
turmoil In Europo as a final convulsive effort
of barbarism to stay tho inevitable era of
Universal brotherhood. Now Hfo comes into
being In agony, and tho agony Is worth It.
But tho purpose of this letter Is to empha
size tho fallacy of tho teaching' that ma
terialism and spiritual uplift arc antagonistic
forces. Tho longing of man Is for a beautiful
Hfo after death and a beautiful llfo beforo
death. Ho thirsts for comfort, nnd prosperity
should bo his birthright; not only clothes and
food for his children, but opportunity for
them also Is his prayer. This war throw our
Industries to their lenees They havo not
recovered yet. Skilled and unskilled work
men aro without wages. Fuctories which
should bo working overtlmo aro not working
at all. Yet nover has th.cro been so great a
demand for our products at such satisfac
tory prices. The reason for our discom
fiture is that in building up tho best dis
tribution service tho world has over known
wo terminated it at tidewater and were sat
isfied to be without any of tho instruments
of commerce beyond.
This war has brought tho necessity of a
merchant marine home to us. We realize now
how fatally defective our wholo trado ma
chine is. "We understand that wo aro de
pendent on foreign freighters Just as much as
foreign nations aro dependent on our crops.
Wo have built a great houso and forgot to
put a roof on it. Our own control of our trade
stops at tho seaboard. "Wo havo tho goods
and tho orders everything but the means of,
carriage. The restoration of tho merchant
marine, therefore, is more, important than tho
tariff, more important, in fact, than any other
question now beforo tho American people.
Wo must DUt our nil Inn on tho owan nr our
prosperity will be at tho mercy of tho natlonW
that do. That Is the lesson of tho war for
tho United States. "Will we tako two decades
to assimilate it or will Congress apply to tho
problem at onco the genius for handling
practical affairs that has always distinguished
tho American people? I suggest that if the
mad scheme of Government ownership is per
sisted in, Congress at the same timo give pri
vate capital a chanco by renovating tho
navigation laws and removing tho chains
which havo been fastened on the shipping In
dustry. E. S. H.
Philadelphia, January 4.
Republicans Make Good Beginning
THAT Republican caucus at Harrlsburg,
at which Charles A. Ambler was unani
mously nominated for Speaker- of tho House
of Representatives, waB u triumph not only
for party harmony, but for tho legislative
program to which tho party Is committed.
His election this afternoon is a further con
firmation. Tho Governor-elect, by his force of char
acter and bold decision, had a share in
achieving the result which promises well
for tho future. He has wrought Repub
lican harmony out of discord, routed his
foes and enlisted some of them under his
own banner. It was only what ho ought
to have done, what he had to do, if his ad
ministration wero to fulfil the promises ho
made to the electorate last fall; hut ho did
It with nuch courago and tactfulness that no
doubt Is left of who is going to bq Governor
of Pennsylvania. Local option has found a
victorious friend, and the rest of the Brum
baugh platform looks safer than eer.
New School Superintendent
DR. "WILLIAM C. JACOBS, the now Su
perintendent of Public Schools, pos
sesses advantages that should make his In
cumbency of offlco a marked success. Ho
knows the educational Bystem of Philadel
phia intimately; he knows the policies inau
gurated and contemplated by Doctor Brum
baugh; he knows tho city and tho State
require that the very highest standards shall
be maintained In our schools.
The position to which Doctor Jacobs Is
filled s one of great responsibility and op
jtortunjty, Under the school code of 1911
1? "Superintendent is Invested with powers
that invite him to display educational states
manship. If the man has constructive force
he can easily become the largest factor for
goad citizenship In the community. A man
who playu petty politics in such a position
Will end aa a dismal failure.
... Every school district In the Common
Wealth Jooks to Philadelphia for leadership
Wa guidance, Dootor Brumbaugh's eleva
tion to. the Governorship must Inevitably
fjSftw attention upon hla successor. The new
Wdperintendent will take up his duties with
tt good wishes and high hopes of every
tin, and the Board of Education will co
9mta in making his tenure of office a
mmt The Bi,HiNa Ldqb congr-tu-tt
Win upon the splendid field of public
KHm tato which he enters.
?ats3eM0hlghQn .the Fund
W?NSYLVANtA WHO!, Uj an$ should
Jrwt W timiw, m4 wwjl to igm In
ttftnwtxtnr Wbw iii WJte W iww
wwjMVttt twi '& vfitM .in Ul
AU if&tttfd it Mljjft, tt was earmark wl
-ji.1 ,' , , ' ,
and spbnsored by the professional politicians
and line! all of lho characteristics of tho de
tcstablo pork barrel Tho peoplo aro not
willing to hand over 160,000,000 to any admin
istration except under guarantee that It will
ho honestly and wisely used.
Attain fho $50,000,000 bond lssuo amendment
Is to como before tho people, First of all, It
must pass tho Legislature. If tho Legisla
ture has learned tho lesson taught by tho
1913 election the proposal will bo very dif
ferently framed. It must bo explicit oven
In Ha details. If toll roads aro to bo pur
chased tho roads should bo spoclfled nnd tho
price named, where now highways aro to
- bo built their location and naturo should bo
distinctly Btated. If a certain part of tho
amount Is to be given to tho counties nnd
townships It should bo done on a plan of
co-operation and tho terms of tho contrnct
definitely drafted. In a word, a comprehen
sive nnd scientific scheme should bo laid be
fore tho voters, and In such a manner that
they will know what will become of ovcry
dollar provided.
Sterilized Mcsstigc of Governor Tcner
IF aOVL'ttNOH TUNER injects no more
enthusiasm Into tho National League than
ho has put Into tho report of his tenure of
State ofllco, all tho life of tho big baseball
organization will havo to bo supplied by tho
plnjcrs and tho fans. Tho Message to tho
General Assembly of Pennsylvania, as given
today In Harrlsburg and to bo found on an
other pago of tho KvnNJNa LEDann, Is a cold,
formal and perfunctory document that could
causo neither thrill nor shock to tho hearers
or readers.
Department after department is brought
under rovlow and disposed of in sterilized
sentences of approval. Tho citizens of tho
Commonwealth aro told that even State
affairs should be established on buslncsillko
principles; that tho Health Department has
done Its duty; that tho school codo is really
In operation; that Pennsylvania Is the great
est coal-producing territory In tho world, that
wo may bo proud of our charities; that tho
Department of Agriculture compares favor
ably with llko departments in other States;
that changing from bce-hlvo coko ovens to
by-product ovens eliminates waste; tho Na
tional Guard has maintained Us efficiency.
Ono of tho longest sections of tho messago Is
an unlmpussloned defense of or apology for
the Highway Department, nqual suffrago
has six chilly lines of reserved approval.
Tho message is valuable, nevertheless It
shows what a magnificent opportunity lies
beforo Governor Brumbaugh. If Pennsylva
nia could bo so orderly and respectable and
prosperous without forceful and contagious
leadership wo may expect tho Commonwealth
to bound forward under tho compelling per
sonality of a Chief Executive who puts un
stinted soul into his work.
Pennsylvania hungcis and thirsts for a
strong and independent Executive. Doctor
Brumbaugh Is the man!
Good for Employer, Good for Employe
THE case for workmen's compensation has
been proved. The principle has been put
into practice In half tho States of tho Union,
and can bo known today by Its results. It
works. Tho pragmatic test has shown that
Pennsylvania cannot afford longer to lag be
hind all the other great industrial common
wealths of the country.
"Workmen's compensation Is an expression
of humanltarlanlsm and of tho altruistic, en
lightened self-interest which makes for na
tional efficiency, and which tho writer of a
recent article on this page called "American
Kultur." It pays individual employers as well
as society at large In dollars nnd cents.
Experlenco under tho Mnssa'chusetts act,
described in another column, has shown that
tho advantages of workmen's compensation
accrue equally to tho employer and to tho
employe.. Business concerns are benefited by
the exact determination of their obligation
In a very Important direction of liability. Ex
penditure In this department becomes a fixed
and known quantity. Tho cost of legal serv
ice and of litigation is done away with, so far
as damage suits aro concerned. It should be
remembered, moreover, that employers not
protected by a comparison law havo to de
fend themselves against numerous exorbitant
and fraudulent claims. Under such a law a
prolific cause of quarrels between employers
and employes Is removed. They havo nothing
to quarrel about. Accident claims almost set
tle themselves. The result Is a better feeling
between tho two groups, tho development of a
co-operatlvo spirit, Industrial peace. Noth
ing is moro profitable to tho employing class
than Industrial peace, if it rests on a sound
and secure basis. The cost of Insurance Is
passed on to the consumer, as all other costs
of production are, In accordance with eco
nomic law.
Tho retiring Governor of Pennsylvania and
tho Governor-elect have placed themselves on
record as earnest advocates of workmen's
compensation. It now belongs to tho Legis
lature to place Pennsylvania Itself on record
as a State which keeps up with the times.
"'Tis an 111 Wind"
CAMDEN'S fire loss on Sunday was a seri
ous one, but the general public will feel
that the Individual losses of the property
owners at Kalglm's Point are the community's
gain If the result Is to be, aa predicted, the
Immediate provision of adequate terminal
facilities at that point. The old ferry and
station buildings were a disgrace to the city,
shabby and dirty beyond the powers of de
scription, and unworthy of the Reading Rail
way system, or the "population and territory
served by It. "When a station commensurate
with the service required of It shall be erected
on the blackened ruins, It Is certain to ex
ercise an immediate Influence upon the en
tire surrounding property. At present
Kalghn's Point Is not the most creditable of
Camden's suburbs; it has perhaps uncon
sciously taken Us tone from the structures
which the railroad has for so many years
thought sufficient for that locality, But
With better terminal buildings the discrep
ancy between the old and the new, between
the public and private buildings, must stimu
late Improvements which will change the
Whole character of the place.
A few weeks of tho naked truth will not
hurt Philadelphia.
Mr. Roosevelt says, in a petulant mood,
that the people are tired of him; and he was
always admittedly in a class by himself at
analysing publlo opinion.
Mr. Bryan may be right when he says
that In case of an emergency b. million meq
would answer the call to arrnsut the ques
tion s. wnere w we o
Any jirdlnaJry fcj
try , but tHmMtulMtt ti
Una to .submit Be btiitE
do th Crown intas d 0
scsTr f
kW.lW A.M
.,; ...,. r, ,.' ,.., ' ,,',. y.1,1 '' " " "-- ' y-
The Massachusetts Workmen's Compca
enliort Law Its Provisions and Opcr
ntipn A Statute Which Makes for
Industrial Pence and Public Economy.
TWENTi'-FOUtt States of tho Union havo
workmon'a compensation laws. That Is
a record of flvo years. Though tho first
statute of this kind In America was passed
In 1902, it waB declared Invalid in court, tho
Maryland legislators having mado mistakes
which might havo been natural enough when
tho subject was nower in this country than
it Is now. But aftcrwnrd they came back
with a law which Is still In good working
order. Today workmen's compensation Is a
going concern, nnd Pennsylvania has no
body to blamo but herself If bIio falls, after
examining tho cxporlonco of half tho States,
to enact a "model law." tiut if Pennsyl
vania Is to bo tho 25th State on tho roll
sho will havo to hustle to get ahead of little
aerlcullurnl Vermont and a. dozen .othor
Commonwealths which nro ready to glvo
themselves that honor. As It Is, this State
Is tho only ono of tho groat Industrial Com
monwealths which hns not yet put work
men's compensation on tho statute books.
Workmen's compensation Is costly? Of
course. But not so costly as maimed bodies
and shortened lives. Not so costly aa tho
worry of tho man who dreads tho conse
quences to his family If ho should be laid
up u few weeks or tho rost of his llfo by
an uccldent at the mill. Not so costly aa
personal Injury litigation and u, perpetual
quarrel between employers and employes.
All this Is soclul costliness, not merely In
dividual. Counting the Cost
How much does workmen's compensation
really cost7 And what Is tho valuo re
ceived? Slnco this form of social Insurance, be
camo established In America, and partly no
doubt ns a consequence, tho number of In
dustrial accidents has been reduced nearly
ouo-hulf. Massachusetts has a law which
makes employers and employes equal part
ners In tho obligations and advantages of
"snfety first." It Is a harmonious partner
ship; It has reduced tho number of Indus
trial accidents at a remarknblo rate; It has
practically cleared tho Superior Court docket
of pcrsonul Injury cases; it has mado pos
sible tho speedy adjustment of uccldent
claims without tho litigation so expensive
to State and contestants; It has afforded
Immediate relief to thousands afflicted by
poverty nnd worry; and It has charged tho
cost of Insurance to tho cost of production
with a total levy on tho consumer of only
nino ono hundredths of ono cent for each
dollar's worth of product purchased.
Tho cost of "getting along without work
men's compensation wakes up that efficiency
idea which Is so popular nowndays.
How does Massachusetts get tho results?
Tho Bay State law will bo ono of tho three
or four to receive tho most careful consid
eration from the legislators at Harrlsburg.
This and the New York statute, represent
the two principal types.
The Massachusetts way is this:
Tho act, which went into effect July 1,
1912, is administered by tho Industrial Acci
dent Board, which consists of five members
appointed by tho Governor with tho ap
proval of the Governor's Council.
It applies to all employes except domestic
servants and farm laborers, casual labor
having been included In its application by
a icccnt amendment, and to all employers
who elect to como under tho act by taking
out insurance. This statement, llko certain
others which follow, is general, and must bo
qualified by referenco to statutory definitions
' and Judicial decisions.
Ninety per cent, of tho employers In
hazardous Industries aro subscribers under
the act. In all, about 19,000 employers of
labor hao voluntarily provided Us protec
tion for GSO.000 employes. There are only
150,000 employes within tho meaning of tho
act who do not have this protection.
Insurance Is Issued by tho Massachusetts
Emplojes' Insurance Association, which
does business on a mutual plan, and also
by approved private liability companies.
Tho rates must bo submitted to and aD-
proved by tho Massachusetts Insurance De
partment. A spoclnl State commission Is
now investigating tho whole subject of gov
ernmental regulation of Insurance rates.
From Injury to Payment
On becoming a subscriber the employer
posts about his premises notices to that ef
fect. Ho loses his common-law defenses
that tho employe was negligent, that tho In
Jury waB caused by tho negligence of a
fellow employe and that tho employe had,
assumed tho risk of injury. If un employe
of a subscriber prefers to remain outside the
act, he must so notify his employer at tho
time of hiring or within 30 days after the
employer becomes a subscriber. The em
ployer, of course, can then plead the old de
fenses In a damage suit. Only 480 employes,
since tho act took 'effect, have thus elected
to take their chances with litigation. In
this period, statistics show, the payments
made by uninsured employers In fatal cases
are only one-third of the amount due the
dependents of employes under workmen's
compensation. The proportion In non-fatnl
cases, though no yet determined. Is greatly
In favor of tho compensation act.
All employers, whether Insured or not, are
required to notify the State board of acci
dents. With this notification to the board
the subscriber's part In the compensation
procedure ends, unless he has been guilty of
"serious and wilful misconduct." In such
cases tho employe Is entitled to double com
pensation and the subscriber must pay the
extra amount, He may defend himself be
fore the board.
An Injured employe notifies the Insurance
company and is furnished with medical at
tendance, and, If necessary, Is cared for at
a- hospital. Though the choice of a, doctor
or a, physician lies with the company, there
have been few Instances of difficulty over
the matter, as the company Is usually con
siderate. The accident board la largely re
sponsible for the adoption of this co, opera
tive policy.
The compensation arranged by the em
ploye and the insurer, in accordance with
the statutory scale. Is reviewed by the board.
If no agreement Is reached either party may
notify the board, which Immediately appoints
an arbitration commission of three members,
ono a member of the accident board, one a
representative of the Injured man and the
other a-representative of the insurance com
pany. Appeals, from the RjbltratUn com
mission go to tja Jpdusfjrlal ooJdeqt Board,
whf 4Ma oh (Mitlww ef fc Is pa.
JtMJ&lM f Ur ta th awjwwe Judicial
W& HWmW & 4 ta-wynr to
I rtt' C-toiiircoauaW, ,. U t
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v m mlmifi M
"-- ' "rf ih r htw mmli li itWWgS-&Sr
Vv - :- Wi f -SifsSBsr-rL
"BfflI&W&. fc dWrKyl VHT ; 3ssPvrl
il;-'cian4.1-rVi--rr ; 'sir ." jj ,;.:-. ."rs:
VJTa.L'UWr . -fciL-fc ",,' i .,'... tl fc 31 I 1 " JT . V
These bodies act as counsel for both sides.
Out of tho 65,000 accidents which enmo
under tho operation of tho act In tho first
year, only 325 resulted In arbitration cases.
Tho scalo of compensation, In brief, Is ns
follows: Compensation to dependents In
caso of death wholly dependents, two
thirds of averago weekly wages for COO
weeks, with weekly limits of $4 to $10, and
a total limit of $4000; partly dependents, In
proportion to contributions to dependents.
Kor partial disability, two-thirds of the dif
ference between tho ncrago weekly wages
beforo tho Injury and tho average weekly
wages tho cmployo Is ablo to earn there
after; maximum, $10 weekly; maximum
time, COO weeks; maximum total, $4000. For
total disability, two-thirds of averago weekly
wages; maximum, $10 weekly; minimum,
$4; maximum time, GOO weeks; maximum
amount, $4000. For certain specified In
juries, as loss of both hands, or cither, or
affection of tho eyesight, amounts aro paid
in addition to all other compensation.
Beforo compensation begins thoro is a
two weeks' "waiting period" principally re
sponsible for tho prevention of malingering
during which only medical and hospital
service aro furnished tho Injured employe.
After six months, If the parties agree, tho
board has defined "personal injury" as "any
wholo liability.
"Injury" Includes Discaee
"If an cmplojo " says tho statute,
"receives a personal Injury arising out of and
In tho course of his employment, he ahlill,
bd paid compensation." His own "serious
and wilful misconduct" is tho only bar. Tho
board has defined "personal injury" as "any
Injury or damage or harm or dlscaso which
arises out of or In tho course of tho em
ployment, which causes Incapacity for work
and takes from tho cmployo his ability to
earn wages." In a caso appealed to tho
Supremo Court, concerning tl-o payment of
compensation to an cmployo whoso Inca
pacity was caused by lead poisoning, the
court sustained tho decision of tho board in
favor of payment and declared: "It is clear
that 'personal Injury' under our net Includes
any Injury or disease which arises out of
and In tho courso of tho employment and
Impairs tho ability of tho employe
for earning wages." In another caBo, In
which tho court on appeal ordered the pay
ment of compensation to an cmployo affected
by optic nouritls, tho court called attontlon
to tho fact that'tho word 'Injury' and not
'accident' was employed by the Legislature
throughout this act."
Acting jointly with tho Industrial Acci
dent Board in certain duties Is a Board of
Labor and Industries. Tho Joint board has
power to order tho installation of safety de
vices in factories, mills, etc., and to make
what rules and regulations It deems wise
and necessary for tho proventlon of occupa
tional disease. Violations of Its orders are
punishable by fine. Tho accident board em
ploys six Inspectors, qualified under civil
service regulations.
By a supplementary act, passed last year,
the State must pay compensation to such
"laborers, workmen and mechanics" em
ployed by It as receive Injuries arising out
of and In the courso of their employment,
and any county, city, town or district may
accept the provisions of this act by a ma
jority vote at the annual meeting or elec
tion. The Industrial Accident Board admin
isters this supplementary act.
The success of tho workmen's compensa
tion act In Massachusetts that is, the gen
eral good will manifested toward It Is due
In large part to tho fairness and tactfulness
with which tt has been administered by the
""-'"" uuu. ui ono ot its bulletins ho
board Bays that It has "adopted tho open
door policy In regard to tho meetings of
employes, insurers and others concerned In
the administration of the law, and freely in
vites them to call at any time to confr with
Its members upon any case or question arls-"
ing jn connection with the workmen's com
pensation act," The National Civic Federa
tion, after an examlpatjon of the whole field
of workmen's compensation, is strongly of
the opinion that the accident board plan Is
the logical method of administration.
In Massachusetts, in tnatters which hth
erto have been a prolific cause of labor dls,
piUes, the act Is coming to be fully recog
nized as a patural. easy and fair mode of
procedure and settlement.
. ' Wiier Than We
Frpro Jh New York Evening Pot.
The fact that educated Central aid South
Americans know much more about uthan wa
know about them does not humiliate us; we ac
cept It as a tribute at once to our position and
their good .sense Jn recognizing It It goes with
out ayipg-sxopt that in this case it has to
be rpedted.-tlwt peaceful relations between
u and Latin Aui price are mors taaily pre
SMVtd if we do not B1h sewet fsellng of
SCOtn for the rast irf til WMni Hmten6r,
Th eumlan that AtMrtcsiui who have
varus ibom co4y in eoautct with th m
SfT "? . rr "w
tHunmm ixms a raarw jor uw-AStiort 4fe large.
iw? r.- s j-stijj ;iw,nr 5 1 f o imiwrz.ir?iniifsi.., "-rir-rsv
-". I;
The last tlmo I saw Billy Sunday was
when ho went to the bat on tho South End
ball ground, In Boston. That was a good
many years ago. Slnco then ho has become
the most successful evangelist In the world.
On Sunday afternoon ho went to tho bat In
tho tabernacle and ho was tho samo dynamo
of nerves, tho samo honest Billy Sunday who
strikes a truth full and fair and sends It Into
tho heart or straight to tho consclenco, or
makes a target of tho funny bone.
Evangelists are In a class by themselves.
Most of them havo tho commanding power.
B. Fay Mills would today make a general.
Moody exacted obedience and Gypsy Smith
gives orders with military presumption. Billy
Sunday is also tho boss. He is in command.
Things aro dono in order at the tabernacle.
Ladles remove their hats or get out. There
Is no crowding In the aisles. Ushers under
stand their business.
Tho tabernaclo was not filled In the after
noon. Hundreds of vacant seats wero back
bf tho platform, but the floor space was
taken. When tho collection was taken thoro
was a perceptible flutter of fear. It was tho
sound of tho coin in tho tin cans. Tho
opening exercises were not marked by tho
spiritual fervor that characterized tho Moody
meetings. Tho singing lacked volumo and
devotional expression.
His Power What Is It?
Billy Sunday Is not easily defined. Power
conceals Us secret. Psychologists would call
It hypnotism; theologians, tho power of the
spirit; tho ethical teacher, the gift of truth;
tho dramatist, tho art of tho player; while
others declare:
His strength Is as the strength of ten,
Because his heart Is pure.
Billy iSunday Is a good actor. Each ser
mon Is carefully prepared, and some' of It
read from manuscript. Certain climaxes are
Illustrated. At ono point he slides to a baso;
at another, kneels, or leaps upon the pulpit
desk, or smashes a chair to pieces. Edward
Everett did not more carefully prepare a
speech with Its proper gestures than does
this evangelist build his sermons. The local
color with which ho decorates his main
thought Is taken from the city In which ho
His Imagination Interested mo. Speaking
on "Tho Grenadier," tho consideration of his
theme invited the uso of the Imagination, and
ho gavo It full play. The sermon was an
application of military attributes to practical
life, a rebuke to tho "wind-Jammer" of tho
prayer meeting, and an appeal to the man
who has taken an oath to be good to go out
and honor It. Ho assailed tho "saphead"
who criticises the Church, and the descrlp
tldn he gavo of Daniel in the lion's den and
of the head of John the Baptist on a charger
will not be forgotten.
I confess to.a liking for his so-called slang.
Most of it is plain English with a punch In
it. It Is the punch which preachers and
editors and people who use words generally
lack. Words are like 8hot, made to strike,
and especially when used to Influence great
bodies of people. It Is refreshing to hear
a man say what he thinks and say It as he
pleases-a thing most publlo men signally
ran to do,
Man Fashion
Personality Is Inseparable from oratorical
power. The man Is always greater than the
work the man Is doing. Billy Sunday I3 a
plain man. dressed In a business maa's suit
behaving In a sincere democratic fashion!
and speaking as a man to men. The Ameri
ca people like that sort of man No Prince
Albert, no while tie, no holy tone, no frills
and ribbons, no nonsense, but straight out-from-the-shoulder
talk-that Is the kind of
than the American people like, He a not a
sermon makeiwflQmetimes no bipod relation
between tint nn oo ...- . . . "
----- , .- .h.u- a text ror a
starter, and Sunday does the rest.
Hja mouth and oye8 are eloquent. Web
ster's eyes emitted flashes of are, B0 d0 Billy
Sunday. His mouth Is even mors eloquent
-when It smiles than when It talks. But he
speaks with his whole body, and especially
his rleht leg. He runs bases between truths
he jumps up and catches a conviction whirl
ing through the air. he stoops to conquer, and
gamers the dregs of the dictionary and hurls
them forth. Perspiration and inspiration
roest In one glowing personality.
Had Doctor Eliot clos4 hla address in
Witherspoon Hall the other night standing on
the pulpit 4sk he would have shocked the
country and wd John Harvard tum over
In Jaht gfve, but this i kut Billy uuamy
did it m MaAU a gpjn
"i.. '
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k-rluMMM -tff- -
A Sizing-Up of the Captain and His Work With the Stick in the OpenSJ
Inning at the Tabernacle Qualities of Personality and Power '
somo great stage play when tho hero Icaffil
host against the enemy. Grasping the chS!
he used It as a step, after telling the olditM
of Napoleon's drummer boy, and leaping c
the white desk, gavo God "tho ChautamjiaB
salute," while tho vast throng Joined nlw
him In singing "Tho Battlo Hymn of til
Such a scene was never before witness,
In Philadelphia, but it was as carefully p
ned ns tho mob sceno in "Tho Christlanttl
tw, I.UIUV, turn uuiriu UUt IO UIO bWITM
God and the good of the people.
Philadelphia's Voice and Prophet
Fastidious worshipers, precise theolojiaa
and strict ecclesiastics will not like EH
Sunday. Men who bcllevo in using ph
with their faces washed and their hair comis
and their clothes, brushed will criticise hut
Scholars who reduce everything to reason a
question this pontecostal preacher. BInno
will throw stones at this Savaronola comfti
town. Men who aro comfortable In the!;
feathered nests will not like this slnutH
voice. Many will run to cover as ho lifts fed
But he "delivers the goods." Ho says wit
tho average man believes, and believes wli
tho averago man says, and the people recct
nlzo their own opinions. That Is why tisj
hear him gladly. Ho is moro than a person
he Is tho voice of tho times, the interprtte.
of his generation, holding not a convexity
concave, but a level mirror before the peow
and they llko to see their own lives.
He Is tho mouthpleco of preachers who w
crystallized, tho voice and prophet JustliM
of Philadelphia, and Carlylo designates 13
a man as a Hero.
Tho Switzerland "Idea"
From Harper's Weekly.
Every citizen Is a member of the army.
Beforo tho law. all citizens are eaual.
Tho management of the army, IncludlnsJ
clothing, arming and training of troops, lijjj
me nanas or the genoral Government. T,
The Government reculaten the railroads..
The Government has exclusive management!
mo postal nnd telegruph service. 'm
Tho Government has a monopoly of the nuj
ufactute ofeimlt and gunpowder. 31
The power to reculate hours of work M
the ago at which children may be employed
vcaieu in me genera uovernment. m
Members of the Sunreme Court nre electeil
There Is no capital punishment and no arrat
lor ueDt. 131
Thero is a national referendum law. If SAW
voters or eight cantons "demand It, laws paM
oy tne Federal Assembly must be, suDrouuj
to the peonlo. m
The President serves ono year and canoef
be elected twice In succession. 'w
The Federal Judges, the Federal Council.!?
Cabinet, and the Commander of Troops
cnosen by the legislative power.
The power to sanction ininnmilniul trtatltf
to appoint the members nr tim Rnvtmnust ttt
the General-in-Chief of the nrmv In tlmftllf
war rests with the National Assembly. J
An Up-to-Datc War 1
From the Boiton Transerlnt. 1
This war Is thoroughly, -up-to-date. It ME!
tlnct not only lit degree, but In kind from H!
the wars that have preceded It. Great rffiji
ana Daiuesnips are simply agencies of desirvg
tlon greater in degree today than ever thjf.
were before. So Is the submarine, which 1
uoveioprneni ana rennement of the Idea tne wpr
federates successfully applied to primitive f"
In our Civil War. The cruisers and battiesWf!
of the air give this war its unique place In tM
.. W - .WM14 B JI&IIKIIIT. Aiut -
'"" vuuiiiiunuorH 0( mo uusso-japttiieoo '"A
Which la hut in vmn. nn. .., aiipri uwn
to look out for airships. Destruction tnreatesgr
them from both sides also from beneath, but 13
muih budvo. ine ngnt at cuxhaven, wim j
ships, submarines and plain, ordinary cruW
In action at once, is a wonder of war dettn
for this year of progress Ml, Such a epecuss
never appeared eyen Jn the visions of nlsWiHI
to the great sea warriors of the past or ft
. t5.n'r ""ccessors who went on the retired iS
In im.
You hurt my heart when I was young,
Caressing eyes and mocking tongue,
Till toy wild nights of suffering
I sought to soothe, with vlslonlng
Borao triumph-hour when I shpuld come
With fiaUntlnr fnmA nt flac anil rimm
To'mock your heart, that would pot yleUL
vnce m s, rar.ofr dalsy,leld:
So you should shade your eyes, and sigh
(Hearing the fame of me gpy).
This la that lova I would not kMP'"
And close your door and run to weep.
But now that this old dream U true
1 have no win to mn.-v von.
For very good that young day seems
wuia navo sucn flaming arn
And feel a hurt so wild, and seize
Such Florte.i from sueb. agonies
or In this world where now I wake
Wen do not deal in fcwrti that braM
. A4 If I tumid to. Mtc you stifi
"I might not kuw which tow gteon fiu'i
Hold a ymt aforirascf deaf ijJ biutd
lii or mnni ojs hs msf'