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AUSTRIAN ARMIES. CUT
Arniy Split in Twain by
Czar's Wedge in Disorder.
aJJjfefcntorg Hallcd in P
4tM' J p mmJ W " -D "
( ' ' ' '
PBTROGTIAD, Dec S9. .
The Austrian arm, split by the wedge
directed against it through the Russian
torth' nolrited at Cracow, Is In disorderly
flight. One section Is falling back' toward
Cracow; along the Poland-Qallcla border,
the other la straggling across tho Car
pathians Into Hungary. Violent assaults
ro being administered to the enemy's
tear giiard lit the Nlda and Doriajeo Illver
territory. The speedy dissolution of the
Austro-German defense of Cracow must
follow the great advantages gained by
tho, Russians In Gallola,
The Russians are holding the Germans
on the lower Vistula and the Plltcn, where
tho Germans are shattering their army In
repeated blows against the solid wait.
The defeat of the two Austrian armies
In Gallcla has opened tho way for a con
tinuation of the Russian plan of cam
paign against Cracow and Silesia.
At the same timo tho forces opposing
the .Germans along ,tho Bxura, before
Warsaw, Is being constantly reinforced
and a retirement of Von Hindenburg's
army there can bo looked for any day.
Tho- Austrlans. under General Boehme
Ermoil, who advanced through the Car
pathians toward tho railway lino from
EymbwU-to Sledllsko, and who wero de
feated on Christmas Day, have been
driven back to the mountains.
The Austro-German army commanded
by General Dankl, which advanced east
ward from Cracow to the Nlda and Dona
ieo rivers, was met by a superior force
and "Us right flank turned. It la now
withdrawing In disorder, leaving many
men' and guns In the hands of the Rus
sians, Whltatho Austrian army In Northern
Galicia, Is retreating, the battle between
the German- and Russian forces In Po
land, continues a deadlock, with advances
at some points offset by retirement In
others. . Tho master stroke of the Rus
sians has crushed the Austrian forces,
smd It' will bo' s'omo tlmo befro they
can rally, reform 'and be In a position
to give any material old to the Germans.
In the meantime. It Is believed that
Cracow will again be under siege before
Official dispatches state that all the
Important pasiea In the Carpathians ore
now held by the Russians.
RUSSIAN, NOT U. S., CRUISER
BEADY TO SHELL TRIPOLI
Captalrr Oman Denies Threat to Pun
ish Syrian Town.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 2.--An American
crulsor did not threaten to bombard the
port, of .Tripoli, Syria, according to a
cable to Secretary of tho Navy Daniels
from.- Captain Oman, commander of the
TJnlted States cruiser North Carolina, oft
Beirut, , . ..
It was the Russian cruiser Askold
which; threatened the bombardment,
Previous reports from Athens had
stated that tho commander-of the North
Carolina had threatened to bombard
Trlppll! to prevent an attack on French
subjects who were being removed by the
American steamship ..Virginia.
Captain. Oman said no American mer
chantman had been in that vicinity since
Captain Oman's report was:
"On December 25 the Russian cruiser
Askojd sent boats with armed men on a
reconnaissance near Tripoli at the vil
lage of. Banals. Before arrival, at the
beach the boats grounded in shoal water
and tho crews of the boats were Jeered by
"At tho theat of the Turkish authori
ties to Imprison the boats' crews, they
were Informed that the Russian cruiser
would bombard the village In such an
vent, and consequently no one was made
prisoner. No shots were fired.
"The' Russian boats' crews left the
vicinity when the boats were floated.
Since December 9 no American merchant
Teasel -Has been south of Alexandria.
EReoonnafiancea off Beirut are frequently
'made by British, Frenoh and Russian
vessels! everything' is quiet at Beirut."
iERBS RENEW ASSAULTS
ON AUSTRIAN FRONTIER
"ordaa Border and Destroy Bridge at
1, . VIENNA, Dec. 29.
A new battle between the Austrlans
and th Servians la developing- In the
southern theatre of war, according to an
official report Issued by the Austrian War
Two new frontier skirmishes have oc
curred in the south, and a new battle
eeras to be developing, The Sirvlans
have blown up the 'bridge at Semlln.
' WARSHIPS AT DARDANELLES
;;.- PLAN TERRIFIC ATTACK
JWteetf Battleships Beady for Blow
'" - " at Turks.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Doc. JJ.-Ther are
at lsast II British and Frenoh ships In
the allied fleet off- the western entrance
of the Dardanelles, Apprehension was
caused lter today- by reports' that the
fleet is preparing for another terrific at
tack against the Turkish forts defending
A statenunt-wa. issued by the. Turkish
headquarter urging the veoole to re-
jmaiu calm and giving assurances that
gra was no cnanca or ine-varoantues
iins forced, owing to the strerurth of tha
iH -- - . , ,. -j-- .--. r ,w
U reported tnat a rest or French
British transports- has loined the
warships and (hat all are crowded with
troop for lw invasion of Turkish soil
m con as.- janamg can us. eneottq.
TURkfUe RUSSIAN RAID
Chest's y6w Prlya So Back la
. IWSHOORAD, Dee. je.
rriiirinii'aiiiitTirtiir in tb Turkish oaia-
taitn arftTj!eil ' Jfl eflWAl dlsMtefee.
T Humswu have creMfd th Lrin
Btw djtvtstf Hewfc the Turil. They ive-
ato tti-iX w ' tw benina a
.MM fVMtpf , Kaa' "" -
fetM, ubit-Bjauy prist. The fcw
qf th lycfeitMa r0tom Bv been
jwa-auiu .4 ty are alu sobering
Uma Ui k of eWUMng JBd tL
'Tn u(Mi 1 DHoae-tWiitob
.fct v- --i (nvor-Aie ur tmvm
. ymms-M ittvs jw "'p p w
smk wis vmm
official war reports I
On Uie 27lh there was ,no Impbr
iant engagements between tho lower
Vistula and tho Flllca Rivers. The
German attacks were everywhere re
pulsed. The Germans suffered heavy
losses, especially during a vain at
tack they made to the southeast of
Between the Plllca and the "PPeJ
Vistula the enemy has new adapted
the defensive. . .....
Our troops stormed the village of
Bsltnlkl, which was stubbornly do
fended by the Austrlans. The enemy
has definitely evacuated the left bahk
of the Nlda. . lt ,.
To thesouth of the upper Vistula
on th front of Opatow-Bleci the flgnt-Ing-Vjontlnues
to dovelop to our advan-
The eriemy's retreat In the region
of the J)ukla passes and on the road
to Usko Is becoming mora and more
precipitate and disorganised.
The efforts of the enemy to trans
port his forces from the direction of
Crenstoehowa toward tho Carpathians
was n complcto failure, owing to our
In the direction of Oltl (Transcau
casia) our troops, having crossed the
LaUrsIn River, arrested the progress
of considerable Turkish forces. In
the region of Sari Kcmysch the fight
ing Is developing. On December w.
In the region of Dutak, our advance
terminated in the occupation of the
line between Kharrtour and Agndeno.
The Turks wlthdrow, having suffered
In Belgium tho village of St.
Georges waa captured by our troops,
who have established themselves
From the liy to the Homme the en
emy has very violently bombarded
In the region of Echello-Bt. Aubln
Le Quesnoy Pouoholr, northwest of
Roye, calm provalls.
Upon tho front between tho Somme
and the Argonno we mado some od
vances In the Argonno, In tho forest
of Lo Cruerle, In the forest of Bolante
and in the forest of Courtechausse we
made progress. Upon tho heights of
tho Meue several counter attacks of
the Germans have been repulsed.
In the forest of Lo Bouchot, to the
.northeast of Troyon, the enemy, who
had captured our trenches near the
rtdoubt of the forest of Brule, to the
west of Apreraont, have been -forced
to. give up the captured positions after
threo successful counter attacks mado
by our troops.
In Upper Alsace, after a vory violent
battle, wo aro Investing Stclnbach,
nnd wo have captured the ruins of tho
chateau to the northwest of tho vil
In the western theatre of hostilities
we gained some ground near Ntcuport
(In West Flanders), and also south
east of Yprcs, after unimportant en
gagements. Three French nttacks
west of Senhelm were repulsed.
In East Prussia and Poland: On tho
left bank of 'the Vistula our attacks
have resulted In progress along tho
Rawka and Bzura (tributaries of the
Vistula). South or How and Lodz
. strong Russian attacks were repulsed.
Several strong French attacks north
wist of St. Mthlel wero ropulscd with
heavy losses to the enomy. We cap
tured 200 prisoners. In the forest of
Brulee, west of Apremont, we ad
vanced, capturing n fortified French
trench and threo machine guns.
North of the Dukla Pass the Aus
trlans have avoided a series of plan
ned Russian attaoks and have main
tained their original positions. In the
neighborhood of the Carpathian RIdgo
and In tho plain between tho Bzura
and the Donajec Rivers tho enemy has
delivered a series of attacks, all of
which have been repulsed.
On our south front there has been
a few frontier skirmishes with the
Servians that have been comparatively
unimportant At Semlln tho Servians
have been able to blow up a bridge.
SOUTH OP NIEUPORT
Continued from 1'sib One
main road from Roye to Amiens, re
capture of lost trenches after violent
charges and counter charges, and sub
stantial gains In the Alsace district elec
trified Paris today. Despite the snow and
mud which covers tho entire 'field of con
flict, the fighting was renewed today with
ferocity at many points according to the
afternoon official announcement from the
The moat pronounced gain was In the
vicinity of Nleuport. There the Allies.
after a aeries of conflicts, in whloh the
German lines were first battered with
shells from the new French artillery
which has Just been placed In service,
charged the enemy and drove the Ger
mans back beyond St. Georges, which waa
occupied. The battlo was participated In
by a strong French force and the losses
on both sides were very heavy.
Oeneral von Kluk's artillery has been
shelling the Allies' trenches, which ex
tend along the line from near Roye to
Amiens. The villages of Echelle, Staurln,
Quesnoy and Boucholr have all been
shelled In the last 21 hours and much
damage has been done. The shelling Is
believed here to be preliminary to another
attempt on the part of the Germans in
this vicinity to push their lines westward.
The line of trenches west of Apremont,
from which the Germans dislodged the
French a few days ago, again are In the
possession of the Allies, They were dearly
gained, however, it requiring a series of
three distinct counUr-attaeKs before tha
Germans were finally forced to withdraw,
The fighting waa prolonged and of the
most sanguinary character. The French
would advance over part of the ground
following the shilling of the German po
sitions, only to be subjected to a death
dealing raking with shrapnel, which
could not he withstood. Finally, on the
last attempt, the French forces dug
themselves In almost within touch of the
German trenches. Grenades and explo
sive bombs were thrown into the trenches,
killing and wounding hundreds of Ger
mans. Finally, the latter were compelled
to retire and the French In triumph re
ocoupled their former positions at this
HOME FROM MEXICO WITH
PLEA FOR INTERVENTION
Kany-mere Would "Welcome It,-Bfty
Amerloan interrsation in Mexiee is the
eaiy means by which erdw can ba re
stored there, aeeording to Robert Wilson,
of Jt)f Gray's Ferry road, who has re
turned After sfcndlog several years in
the -n-ar-toro refwbjk. Intervention, he
aH, wW he weteotaed by tb wealthier
', Mir.' "wasoB said the Preeldwt bd
on and oartieular foetiB. Mr, wHsea
was employed o a; raneb owned byl
Wt&vn Randolph Hearst on LagUiia, an
Island V)0 toflt from Taniplco. As the
island i Udr the domination of Car
rfca, Mr- WtUoa. with several other
Aswrle&tu. was fweed to leavo the coun
irv. Ma ft mairtf t ciUsen in ilcilco, s
ddiiMd. felt sfit from attaak today, and
went yirwut w i 4
s - i - t'I" - "" -
zrnTmv&ttvrMV. qwttttP OFRUSSIAN HOSTSMGALTC
1 WilliT JJUJJJXli xjjljx- vxtuu.
Metz. the German stronghold In Lorraine, Is defended by a circle
of forts of modern type, most of them having been built since 1899.
The old forts, In which the French offered desperate resistance in
1870, were too close to the city, and the new chain was built at an
average distance of 9000 yards from the borders of Metz. The chief
of the new outer circle permanent forts, beginning with the right
bank of the Moselle, are Forts Haeaeler, Somme, Wagner, Orny,
Sorbey, Mont, Landremont, St, Barbe, Argency, Lothrlngen, Mon
tlgny, Kaiserln and Kronpdnr. The three forts which would first
be In the range of the guns of the French advancing from Arnaville
are Forts Haeseler and Somme on the right bank of the Moselle
and Fort Kronprlnr on the left bank.
WHINES AT DEFEAT
Continued from l'ase One
glum, whore tho last army of occupation
Is still engaged In ltn horrlblo tnsk of
bullying and plundering tho wretched
victims. The story of Germany's treat
ment of Belgium nnd that part of France
It is now occupying has not yet been
told. I learn from American friends who
have Just returned from Belgium that
when tho world hears tho full horrors
of what happened In Belgium It will put
tho horrors of the Cawnpore In tho back
ground. CHARGES BLACKMAIL.
But for the lino American diplomacy
of your representative In Brussels, Brand
Whttlock, and the supreme generosity of
the American people, the Germans would
liavo succeeded In starving the llttlo
nation which they have not been ashamed
to despoil. It seems almost Incredible,
but It Is true that the wealthy German
Empire Is not ashamed to levy medieval
tolls In tho form of demands for hugo
sums of money, supplies and tho like.
If It bo that thero Is ono peace-at-arty-prlco
advocate left In England, there Is
certainly nono bold enough to come out
In public and say that he Is on tho sldo
of this Gorman blackmail. I can't under
stand how any German-American can
support outrages of this kind. Your pub
lic hasn't realized that no revolution,
no war, not tho whole story of Nnpoleon's
campaign nro as anything compared with
this Armageddon. Even In England
within sound of tho German guns, there
am people who Imagine that this strugglo
may terminate In 1315.
I don't understand the basis of their cal
culation. The Kaiser, or to use his offi
cial military title, All-Highest War Lord,
now says that England provoked and pre
pared for this war, yet In August he re
ferred to our army as "General French's
contemptible llttlo army." Had wo pre
pared we shouldn't have started with a
llttlo army. Wo weren't much moro pre
pared for a land wnr with Germany than
tho United States Is. Had we boon ready
tho campaign might have been short. As
It Is, although we have over 2,000,000 men
In training, we have as yet comparatively
few In the field. Our part In the war can
not begin until we get our men at the
front. Tho first of our new armies cannot
enter the fighting until spring, and tho
task of driving the entrenched Germans
out of France and Belgium will be slow.
The Invasion of Germany Itself must, of
necessity, be a task of vast dimensions.
Tou ask me If I believe the necessary
army can be raised by voluntary service.
Personally, I don't. Tou'll remember that
you could not do so In 1SS1. My personal
belief Is that we shall he obliged to adopt
conscription as you eventually did. We
regard our struggle with tho same Inten
sity as did both the North and the South
In 1S61. We are.ngljtlng as we did 100
years ngo against Napoleon, against the
domination of Europe by a military
oligarchy. We shall fight with all of the
resources of our manhood, our shipyards,
our wealth, our British tenacity. We will
go under rather than give In.
Tou ask me do I think Germany can
be strangled and the war ended by star
vation and attrition. I believe It can,
but the process will be one of years
rather than of months, Germany is a
self-supporting country In almost every
article necessary for war and for the
support of her unfortunate people.
Some American friends have urged that
we establish In Washington some rival
organization similar to that of Ambas
sador Bemstorff, Doctor Dernburg and
the German-Americans end other mold
era of public opinion for the purpose of
Informing the American public regarding
the British attitude. But our case. In
my opinion, noeds no such effort, The
bullying of Belgium, the huge sum de
manded from French towns In blackmail,
the killing of women and children at
Scarborough not as tha Germans pre
tend In a fortress, but In a seaside resort
like Atlantlo City the dropping of bombs
on Paris from aeroplanes which has been
stopped owing to American Intervention
not to mention Louvaln, Mechlin, eta,
all provide us with all of the answers we
require to German militarism.
Mv irrencn rnenas leu me mm iney
have no Intention whatever of replying
to Germany's accusations In the United
States. They will rely entirely on Amer
ican fair play and American friendship
for the nation that came to their help
In the war of the Revolution. Russia
regards with disdain the airman, attacks
In the United States, and so far as the
Japanese are concerned, Americans must
admit they have kept strictly to the Ut
ter of their agreement, with the Allies.
.As seen from this sldfc of the Atlantlo.
the German efforts to. frighten Americana
see to drude. I don't remember any time
In American history when your people
have been frightened. You are told to
beware of British naval domination. You
are to, be careful lest the tiny Japanese
nation attaok you In the Pacific Ameri
cans are well aware of the sUe of the
English navy and they knew taw for 100
years It baa been friendly to them. Any
Japanese that I have been acquainted
with was cognizant of the latent power
of the United States. That they know
that Americans, like the English, are gen
erally unprepared for war, but that, be
ing nee aroused, they will carry their
wars to the flalih.
1 .it ii no doubt disappointing to. Ens-
end American ousiness men wjb
tnere o pu w f
this tdgantio Struggle as a mat-
froaa tha most sordid petit uf view it Is
teiter tbat the world ehevlsl fee rtd a
ihls menace to its
m awe tor u,
ttWr itimn to S1V0
rt t patoh4-
UP UM Mr treat WfWSWTeW
weak W-y Om j fp f
w..i. uikM naeaua.
'1"" tttebpay; pwmwtBBB
war has aroused much enthusiasm over
hore. The only now determining factor
In warfare is the neroplane, tho Inven
tion of Wilbur nnd Orvllle Wright, of
Dnyton, O. Your Ambassador at Berlin,
Gerard; your lato Ambassador at Paris,
Horrlck, have earned tho thanks 'of the
Allies nnd oven of Germany. Your gifts
to our Red Cross, your hospital ship,
your American ambulance In Paris, your
Santa Clnus ship have evidenced Amer
ican sympathy and efficiency.
Wo hnvo been extraordinarily patient
In Great Britain nbout war, oo patient
that numbers of our peoplo had begun
to think that the day of wars was over.
The Kaiser and his agent. Prince Henry,
duped the mombers of our Governments,
diplomatists, business men, university
professors In both our country and yours
whllo ho perfectod this machine- of his.
Some of his satellites really, persuaded
themselves that this military monster of
a war ongtno was an onglno of peace.
Others on both sides of tho Atlantlo wero
highly placed toadies, whose views were
ontlrely twisted by favor of tho royal
It Is fortunate that the German nrmy
nnd tho present German government
have produced no Bismarck, no Von
Moltke, no Von Roon. It Is a superb or
ganization with no brains at the top. A
Bismarck would have known that Canada
would havo rushed to the holp of the
mother country with Its wonderful supply
of men, war material nnd money. A
Bismarck would have at least one strong
friend among the neutral nntlons. The
German soldiers have proved themselves
possessed of magnificent courage, and
the story of the death of Admiral Von
Spee and his two sons In the battle, oft
the Falkland Islands has aroused, I am
sure, almost as much sympathy In Eng
land as In Germany. "The Allies have foes
worthy of their steel, and the flno flower
of England wll be sent forth against tho
war lord In aid of France, Bclglum.'Rus
sla, Servla, Montenegro end Japan with
affeptlon and enthusiasm by the mothers
and sisters of England, but with tho
same enthusiasm that won Trafalgar1 arid
Waterloo a century back.
NEW DASH ON WARSAW,
REPORTED GERMAN PLAN
Berlin Announces Heavy losses to
Allies In West.
BERLIN, Dec. 29. Today's dfflclal
reports throw little light on the general
situation, although minor gains, are re
ported against the Russians in Poland.
There it Is stated the German lines have
been advanced at a number of points on
the lower Vistula. Fighting continues
southeast of Sklernlwlce and between the
Plllca and the upper Vistula. The
weather, however, continues to hamper
a general advance and ground la gained
literally by Inches,
Intimations are given at headquarters
that another Important movement Is im
pending In the East, but no hint as to
lust what Is contemplated can be learned.
However, there Is an air of great con
fidence everywhere in official circles that
a trap soon will be sprung which will
have an Important bearing on the Rus
sian attempts to retain. Warsaw.
In the West tho situation Is reported
unchanged. 'The warm weather of the
last few days turned the country Into
bogs that are still impassible, although
now that frost has again set In It is ex
pected the. fighting soon can be re
sumed. In Alsace the French continue their
efforts to advance against Muelhausen,
but so far without success. The French
attacked near Arras, and also in the
vicinity of Verdun, but were driven back
with enormous losses by the Oerman
GERMANS CLAIM PROGRESS
AT NIEUPORT AND YPRES
French Attacks Itepulsed at
Mlhlel and in Alsace,
BERLIN, Deo. 29;
The German official statement, issued
this afternoon. Is In several respects In
direct contradiction to the Frenoh claims.
In the vicinity of Nleuport and to the
south and east of Ypres, the statement
says, the German army has sained some
remind. Northwest of SL Mlehlel a. de
termined French attack In force Is stated 1
to have been repulsed and aoo prisoners
taken. At the forest ot Brulee, west of
Apremont, the Germans captured one
trench, In which were taken three French
machine guns. An attack on Sennehelm
(Cernay). In Alsace, has been repulsed.
According to tha report, the situation
along the Vistula In the eastern theatre
of the war remains unchanged. The Ger
man attacks along the Bzura. and Rawka
are progressing slowly- South of Inow
and Lods a strong Russian attaejc has
IXSS3 HIS OWN CASE
Witness' Testimony Causes Court to
Set Aside ?100O Verdict.
His own testimony lost a 1(000 damage
suit entered by Harry J- Frieker against
the Rapid Traaslt Company.
A verdlet ot W00 bad been previously
rendered In favor of Frieker for personal
injuries sustained In a, eoHUkm -between
bU motor eyole and an automobile of the
eeatpany st Waterloo street and Lehigh
When the ease came up tdw l(f
judge Rltc in. CoBMiaan IV Coeirt
Mo. i, Friokar seid that he leaked to
neither the light en left feefefe big
struck fey tfcetutJtt,
1w Ju4s asserted that the tesMiatay
atoerec W tjpM eo the pext of tha I
jgurtUtt ejsfsit Me til terser vWr-J
UPON AID FROM U.S.,
Country a Veritable Prison
and People Subjected to
Severest Treatment, Ed
ward Burton Robinette
Belgians are still looking to America
to relievo the distress and suffering that
dally are Increasing In that country.
This statement was made in London
Mufnrdav bv Edward Burton Robinette,
a momW nf the' Philadelphia banking
firm of George S. Fox & Sons. Mr.
Roblnetto has Just completed nn auto
mobile tour of Belgium, and declares tho
fnitntrv Is a veritable prison, that the
people are subjected lo the severest treat'
ment and that tholr Btato Is deplorable.
Tho description of Belgian conditions Is
contained In a dispatch published In the
Now York Sun today. The authenticity
of the Interview Is vouchcd'fbrln a cable
gram received In this cfty today iy C.
C. Harrison, Jr., from the American
Commissioner In London.
SIR. ROBINETTE'S STORY.
he story told by Mr. Roblnotte Is:
"Old men, women and children are dy
ing becauso tho right kind of nourish
ment for sufferers from various diseases
cannot bo obtained and before long, un
less supplies keep pouring Into tho coun
try, healthy Belgian men and women
will die of actual stnrvatlon. But be
fore that happens the pangs of hunger
will probablo drive them to' measures,
futile but desperate, which will bring a
terrible retribution from tho army of
"Burnt Indelibly upon my memory are
pictures of Louvaln, Mallnes, Llorre. Duf
fel, Vlso and Tcmlnes. In these towns,
which have populations ranging from 6000
to 60,000, the destruction was so terrible
that It reminded me of Pompeii. The
only difference was that bricks and walls
aro still standing and look nowor than
In Pompeii. In Vlso, for instance with
a population before the war of 60,000,
I had heard that only three houses wero
left standing, but Dr. Wlckllffo Rose,
chairman of the Rockefeller Foundation
Commission, who Is now In Belgium
studying conditions, told mo that ho
could nnd only one house not burned.
I mysolf -was unable to find even one.
FEW RESIDENTS VISIBLE.
"With the exception of. Vlso, where
only ono or two families have returned to
their .ruined homes, the burgomasters
of tho various towns say that 60 to SO
per cent of tho population has returned.
A casual observer motoring through the
country would not think this true, as so
few peoplo are visible. On closer exami
nation one finds a family, or what is left
of it. In tho cellar or behind the charred
and broken walls, with tho broken places
In the windows filled with bits of bricks.
"Ilere they live without protection or a
roof under the most terrlbla and pitiful
'conditions. None, except In Isolated In
stances, has decent bedding or sufficient
clothes. The weather during tha week of
my trip Was very bad "and It will become
worse, but even under these conditions
the people could live If sufficient food
were furnished them. Yet, paradoxically,
in many districts meat may be had, and
It Is today even cheapor, in some places,
than normally. The reason Is that the
people have no fodder and sell what cat
tle they have left.
SO PER CENT. DESTITUTE.
"Theso people now face a lack ot dairy
products, such as butter and milk. At
Mallnes there Is no milk at all. However,
the great need is for bread and salt, and
in many places for potatoes. There Is
practically no wheat, flour or salt In Bel
glum except that shipped by the relief
commission. The percentage at tho popu
lation which Is absolutely destitute Is 30.
Everywhere I went I was told that by the
end of January It would be 60 per cent.
"This information I got from .reliable
business men and bankers In Liege,
where I stayed overnight with M. Van
tHoegaerden, whose firm employs more
than 6000 in Its steel works and also owns
extensive cool fields. Van Hoegaerden
told me that Liege had been without
bread for a couple of , days the week be
fore, The commission Is now getting
wheat and flour through, and while I was
In Liege four boatloads were received
"As I watched the poor being fed in
Brussels and as I ear them standlnr In
Brroups In the thickly populated cities of
Liege, Namur, CTiarte,-ol ,and Mons, with
hunger and despair hunting them, I pic
tured 'what might hapten if the flour and
wheat and salt which our own and other
countries ore generously supplying-should
give out. vn or tne nrst places I visited
was Mallnes, where the people had been
on the verge of starvation several times,
When I was there they were greatly dis
tressed lest the supplies should again give
out before relief could come from Amtrl.
PiHLADBLPiriA FOOD ARRIVES.
tflapplly I found when I returned to
Rotterdam that a shipment would arrive
in aiailnes In time to prevent privation.
It was part of that shipped from Phila
delphia, On the day I left Rotterdam of
eight boatloads sent on the canals five
were from the Philadelphia shipment;
They go to Ghent, Namur, Antwerp and
Brussels and will be fine New Year's
presents. I 'saw 2000 tons of supplies
shipped on canu Doats in one day. This
"On. the day that I left NamunI waa
teld by Baron da Gaelffler, head of the
Belgian iaamhtlsslon' cooperating with
purs there, that he understood there was
great suffering in Tamlnes, south of
Charlerol. Little seems to be known ot
the terrible ordeal undergone by the peor
Pie ot this town- I went there and .found
it almost totally destroyed. At the Town
Hall I found a bread line reaching aoma
distance, up the street, all those in It walu
ln& i9' J ha ,ef and pint of soup
whloh they received. The Burgomaster
And the Relief Committee shewed me that
11 J l''." . XL.
Mtk -prl "fcnliiiit Wkt,
the supply of bread wW
they had received only
next o?,onfi "' rufirri, Namur from
P."? HfiV lnZ cn.,rSut of a bopuU-
tho relief commission.
ii.. r owl employed
and chemlca and glaM-0?' ?,e-tir
had returned. Tney ar- " "
, ....it...- it
All BBWW SUFFERING.
Mr. Robinette goes on to speak of the
staggering prpblem confronting A
to which alone Belgium can turn. He
"It Is not only the poor and destitute.
It h n 1 Belgium, industry has etoppea,
They pay some nml wouM I V pay
K francs" (W.W0.000) war Indemnity a
month and the remnant ot their savings
Mr! Robinette says that It Is virtually m
possible to get the ueo of tho railways
for tho distribution, of food, as the Ger
mans need them for their trgn.
purposes, and. "h?uJl.lhhi!rn.?6
Ere co-operating 'ndl?,y'.1A ftbry
times when the food Is eblpped by
rail that tho shipment- are , held I W for
days while tho people are i In jwwit Mr.
Roblnotte points out that the canals from
South Rotterdam through Belgium are
the only alternatives to the railways and
these aro blocked. In many cases, by
bridges which nro down. Where the
bridges aro standing, he eoys. It Is nt
times Impossible to get through on ac
count of tho high water.,
"In regard to the attitude of the Ger
mans," concludes Mr. Robinette, I want
to say thnt I found them to be co-operating
In every possible way with the repre
sentative of tho commission In various
centres. Ab far as could bo learned they
aro living up to tholr agreement to the
letter. No food shipped by the coramls-
slon has been taken by tliem.
ESSAD PASHA IN ITAbY
Albanian Buler Will Head Troops
ROME, Dec. 23. Essad Pasha, elected
head of the Albanian Government by e.
vote of the Senate after the flight of
Prince William of Wled, arrived yester
day ot BrlndlBl, an Italian port opposite
Avlonn, on an Italian war vossel. A
i... nr tnnnrt.i are being loaaea
with troops at Brlndlsl nnd Essad Pasha
will return with them. .
His wife and daughter, who accom
panied him to Italy, will remain In this
FRENCH DIRIGIBLES DROP
BOMBS ON SARREBURG
Aeroplanes Continue Bombardment
of Metz Defenses.
PARIS, Dec. 20.
Tho Government announced this after
noon thnt French dirigible balloons have
bombarded the railway station at Sarre
burg and other points along tho railway
line to Avricourt.
French aeroplanes contlnuo to fly over
Metz and to drop bombs on the German
hangars at Frascattl and other points in
DEATH SHUNS GRAVE DIGGER
Man Knocked Off "Railroad Bridge
Escapes With Slight Injuries.
Jnmes Kane, who makes his living on
death, narrowly escaped death today when
h. v struck bv a freight train while
crossing the Pennsylvania Railroad bridge.
at ManayunK on me way. io mo nun m
West Laurel Hill Cemetery, The train
crew cannot understand how it was that
Knne was not hurled down to the river
more than CO feet below.
Kane was taken to St. Timothy's Hos
pital In the Manayunk police patrol,
where It was found that he was suffer
ing only from shock, a severe laceration
of the scalp and contusions of tho body.
He lives nt 486 Rlpka street, Manayunk,
and Is employed at the cemetery as a
grave-digger and general utility man.
ANQB.Y FATHEB SENTENCED
Arrested After He Objected to
Daughter Entertaining Caller.
W. Van Damacker, IS North Paxon
street, was sentenced to SO days In the
county prison by Magistrate Boyle,- in
the 38th street and Lancaster avenue po
lice station today, after his wife had testi
fied he caused a disturbance In the house
because he objected to his daughter en
tertaining a caller.
Van Damacker said he thought he was
"boss of the house" and became angry
when his wife upheld the daughter,
ABMY BILIj HEP0B.TED
Carries $101,144,000, Including
$300,000 for Aeroplanes and
i Armored Cars.
WASHINGTON, Dec a.-Carrylng a.
total of 101,1,000, the army appropriation
bill was reported today by Representative,
Hay, chairman of the House " Military
The bill carries fSOO.OOO for an Increase
In the aeroplane corps of the army and
the sum of (50,000 for the manufacture
and purchase of armored motorcars.
Berg & Berg Sale Confirmed
On application of Henry N. Weesels
counsel xor enmon Aoranams, receiver tor
Ber & Berg, Judge Sulzberger, In Com
mon Pleas Court No. 2, today confirmed
the sale of the stock, futures', book ac
counts, etc., at the North Front street
store of the embarrassed concern at
342-41-13 North Front street, for (17,100.
The purchaser is J. Bporkin & Sons, man
ufacturers ot cloaks ' and suits, of 6S8
Arch street. .
REPAIR YOUR PAVEMENT f
To Real Estate Owners and Tenants:
. Under the law you are responsible for
defects in your pavements, causing personal
injuries. If damages are recovered -against
the Qty, suit wilt be brought against you
an4-yqu will have tp pay., A few dollars
spent-now for repair irjayve you hun
4rds; will belp.toive worH to thunem
' ployed; and may ;prvQntn8d Jess suffering
to, a'fflJlQw bsinfc
:;v Micmj' j, mm,
ACROSS THEYSER A
STORM SWEEPS LIM
King Albert's Forces GaiS
Strong Position on Rigfifl
Bank German Attack!
Repulsed at Three Points
Although ft severe storm has been rg
Ing over the greater part of the batti
rrnn lnr Sunday night, fighting Is still
in nrOBress at some points. The Germans
utilized the stormy weather In' nn effofl
to deliver surprise attacks in west. Finn
dere, east of Amiens nnd on the helghua
Th nnlBlann have crossed the Tser tffl
considerable numbers north of Dlxmuds,!
and have strengthened uioir positions on
t. lrt, tinntr. i
Correspondents in tho rear Bay that th?
Belgians, as aresuuui "o ujo wvij,
captured nearly 8000 Germans, with only
small losses to themselves. .,
A hard struggle Is In progress nmon
ihn sand dnnes ot the North flea, coast.
northeast of Lomboertaydo, where the
French nro trying to extend tholr lines In;
tho direction of Wcstcnde.
It Is renorted from Fumes that two
rtrman nnronlnncs have arrived at Herst
for "use In tho Qermnn aerial invasion.
French artillery, working In a enow'
storm. Is shelling the works defendlni
Muelhausen (In Alsace) upon tho west-
"In tho report sent from German gen
eral headquarters to the Berlin news
naDors it was stated that tho French!
would find difficulty In proving that their,
artillery could gain the upper hand
against tho German guns. Havo tho Ger
mans forgotten tho staff ordor published!
In the Frankfurter Zoltunff on December
8, In which the German commander-ln-j
chief ot the south Gorman army congrat
ulated the German troops upon the gal
lantry they displayed under tho most
violent fire of the French nrtlllory, -which
they had been unable to opposo with
FORTY TRAINS OF DEAD
HAULED TO FURNACES
German Killed Borne to Crematories".
Invader's Winter Plans.
NORTHERN FRANCE. Dec. 29. Dur
ing tho last fow days forty trains from
Nleuport, DIxmude and Tpres' havje gone
through Maubeugo to Charlerol, These
trains were filled with bodleB, which are
to be burned In huge furnaces.
Maubeugo has no lack of coal, but
tho supply ot gas Is still cut. off, and
other necessaries of life have reached
Up to tho present the Inhabitants have
been well treated. The Germans have
started several cafes, which are kept
open until very late hours. The tern
porary proprietors are nil Germans.
From tho extent of preparations for
defensive works undertaken by tho Ger
mans they seem preparing to winter in
916,000,000 AE LEVY ON CITS
BOULOGNE, Dec, 29. Since early Se -n
tember tho Gormans have been In Vale
clennes. An Inhabitant who was allow1
to leave town gives . the following
account: f .
"During' the first five days requisition
Imposed by the Germans amounted; !
80,000,000 francs (J16,000,000). They tcolj&4
hostages four councillors who were 'ar
rested and kept In prison a week, thbtt
released. Sl'nco then the hostages hajve
been changed weekly. . 1
"The female portion of the population,,
has been treated with respect. No Jelv-"
elry has been stolen. Valenciennes ifr
completely Isolated. No correspondence
can take place with the Inhabitants."
EX-SUXTAN'S GOODS SEIZED
LONDON, Dec. 23, All lands nnd prop
crty of Abbas Mllma, tho former Khedlv
In Egypt have been seized, according t
a news agency dispatch from Cairo, be
cause ot a charge that he took 1625.000
from the Egyptian Treasury funds wltw
him to Constantinople, to which he fleet
before the beginning of the war.
STORM-BATTERED SHIP HERE
Tho "William Took 85 Days to Gome"
From Gefle. Sweden.
Silent testimony to the grim struggle!
the Swedish steamship William had 1
crossing the Atlantlo waa presented -tp-H
dav by the battered appearance of the! V
vessel as she lay at her dock at the (oousj
of Callowhlll street. From tho starboarC'lli
davits a lifeboat was missing, This, ha ,
been torn from Its place by tremendou
seas In a storm and washed overboai '
The ventilators and rails were bent a
the bridge battered in. .
In tha voyage of E5 days from Ge .
Sweden, heavy seas raked the craft fr v
stem to stern. Food and fuel ran t
Tho crew were compelled to nght
battle against wind and wave on it
rations. Captain Westerberg changed
vessel's course and put into Halifax -renew
supplies before coming here.
ABDOMINAL BUrrOKTEItS. ETfl. t
Lady attendant rurebue T?I.AVRT.T'l
dlnct from (ha facte
from (ha factory. ""
, 1011 SPIUNq OAIIUEN ST.
tnnw wr. f
snown as fi
oup to fee
rather at t
,f this w
jy a watc
it the net
will be fc
i i -1 i