Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, November 16, 1914, Night Extra, Page 8, Image 10
( "WKn'TF; "VSV UMUHIIUWUtWWrW! jt -WWMWlNailis KSHIIEESS -- - '- ' "" EVENING LEDGERPHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1914. r- S"K rsi uV Urn n, jir .! WW 'T vl 1 si n i cl cfl hi Pi for all' Ul. wh th' Ea jiffj Sr W 8 , Kwtttlti0 gH tStfiger PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY CTKUS H. K CUUTIS, TaMiBEWT. Geo. W. Ochs, HTeUry; John O. Martin. Treasurer Charles ir. Ludlngton. Fhlllp B CMllns, John B. Wil liams,. Director. MMVl II!, ,- Et)ITORIAII)OAnb j, Crata K. K. Cobtis, Chairman. 'P.M. W1IALBT Becullva Editor '- jrdf- . . .i .. . - mi, r 1. 1 1 ,.ra . , 'JQtlU C. MAhTlN.. General Builnens Manager Published dally at rcstto t.tMCa Building-, Independence Equant Philadelphia. 1.KMKS dssTtiAL Broad nnd Chestnut Btteets Atlantic Cm mta-Unten Building- Nsw Tea 1T0-A. Metropolitan Tower 'CttiCABO 81T Home Insumnee Building tosMK., 8 Waterloo Place, Pall Mall, S. TV. NEWS BUREAUS mntiir.ti Jlqnt-AO The rotrtot Bulldlnit WasiiI.Noto lii)ar.AU , ..The boil nulldlnir $5WT Yo"K """AU The Ttmr r BittMIn? , BeiiMn Bcbeau 00 Frie'lrfchetrnM it tfiSPOf Iitmtuu 2 Pnll Mall Kat, a. W. Pams UcaeAU 33 nua Loula Is Grand SUDSCIUPTIO TERMS Br earner, DAILY Ostr, elx cenle. By mall, neatnaM vutiMa of I'hlladelnhla, except xhere forelan poetaje I; required, Daili Osit, one month, tmntr'flre centei Dailt Ovt.T, one year, Ihrea dollars. All mall sub scriptions payable In advance BEU, 8000 WAtWUT KEVSTONr, MAIN 3000 j , W Xitifrvs all communications to Evening ' 'Kedacr, Jndcpendmca Square, Philadelphia. '-''- ''NTtxr.D at ths rnif.ACit.rniA rosTorncc A sbcond- I CLASH HAIL MATTER. rtlUADELriltA, MONDAY, MOVEMnEIt lfi. 1914. No Time to Let Go in Mexico 'TT Is tho purpose of tho Administration X to withdraw the troops from Vera Cruz on Monday, November 23." Nobody but tho author of "Alice In Wonderland" could do Justice to tho history of our misadventures in the land of the Montczumns. Possibly wo aro becoming ovcrclvlllzed. Effeminacy In somo Instances Is being1 mis taken for statesmanship. Somo mon, to their own satisfaction, are talking war Into senil ity. They are preaching that tho suro protection of a. country against tho machina tions of powerful enemies Is to havo no pro tection at all. Phrases have como to take the place of action. Optimism has been sub stituted for Intelligence. Mexico Is In the hands of a vast Camorra, which Is Itself split Into factions. As each faction succeeds, It separates Into now fac tions' and cabals of Its own. It Is a process that has no ending. In ono spot only In Mexico Is civilization secure. From that spot It Is proposed deliberately to withdraw our armed forces. To do so is to Invito an elab orate Invasion later. It destroys tho ono remaining hope of a peaceful composition ot Mexican affairs. It forebodes nn aggravated form of tho Mexican problem. When wo at last have our thumb on tho gadlly, what Is the uso letting go? Home Rule for Cities THE final, and perhaps tho dominant, note of tho Conferenco of Mayors was homo rule for cities. It was not homo rule In charter-making: no State Legislature Is likely to grant that. It was tho right of the cities to deal as they plcaso with public, utilities, to try what methods of regulation) seem desir able, and, If necessary, to go oven ns far as municipal ownership to securo fnlr treat ment for tho citizens. Tho conference evolved what might be called States' Rights for " titles. There Is a valuable point here. It Is tho eamo point that makes the strength of tho American Federal system. A group of organ izationswhether States, cities or societies of men working independently on tho problems of social existence, means the exercise of that most valuable of human activities, experi mentation. This State or city may blunder 5n trying somo particular la-v, while another goes right -with a different one. But tho whole body of States nnd cities will learn from such experiences. Instead of being all bound to one attempt, falling or winning to gether, severally they utilize tho scientific principle of "trial and error" and learn from one another's experience what makes for truo progress Pruning the Grapevine A GOOD many men are supporting pro hibition who aro mentally and tem peramentally opposed to State interference with the personal life of the citizen. They don't like to sco such sumptuary policing; but they nre driven to It by the criminal misconduct of the big "booze" interests. The better class of manufacturers of In toxicants aro beginning to realize this. They are beginning to see that the only salvation of the liquor traffic lies In cleaning it up. Stirred by the threat of prohibition in the lost election, the wine growers of California have taken drastic steps to save their In terests from destruction. The growers propose to divorce tho man ufacturer from the saloon, to work for county option, to limit the number of saloons, to establish separate licenses for the solo of fermented and distilled drinks, to secure better enforcement of tho law, to prohibit sale to minors, women and Intoxicated per sons and generally to make the liquor trade responsible and decent. Such pruning of the vine Is the only thing that can save It from uprootal. Starving Out Bad Plays A". IN OUNCE of affirmation is worth a ton .of negation. The framera of tho Bulletin of the Catholic Theatre Movement have acted wisely in listing the plays that are worth seeing. Bad drama cannot be killed by denunciation, because there are enough evil-minded or curiosity-controlled people to pack any theatre In which a play is discrim inated against on moral grounds. The surest way to put unclean drama out of business Is to patronize only that which la wholesome. Theatrical management will give the pub Ho what pays; that Is Its business. To guide lu jppje to the things that era worth while, that amuse ana Interest without sullying the mind or Inflaming the passions Is a boon fpr which multitudes will be grateful. , Legalizing a Moral Principle DISCUSSIONS in the convention of the American Woman Suffrage Association furnish an interesting Illustration of the re current propensities of problems in consti tutional polities. The nation-old question of the rspctire provinces of State and Federal oentrol occasioned a debate, supporting one aids of wbleh were a group of suffragists ttyted. nt very accurately, the "States Jttffct" party. Possibly, so far as the ex ypislon of suffrage 1 concerned, the Issue Is pr importantly one of expediency and re jpM than of Federal power and Stato Vfe wwattv. Xt sprats, It te cwtSba that without what TKjntr BttjMilirr calls the "admirable foroear im Mh ftfcvf wr sral 1" muMt displayed t lv4ttff m whole deil c MuUttaa of iMPWter KJfr8 to w vr! mtm." tb Vim would ave Mmw timyxtH-r Is Wly iatttaaee b ther was In (he troublous days of Reconstruction ; but oven with the Fifteenth Amendment, the Federal Constitution confers tho right of suffrage directly on no one. There are no United States voters as yet. Tho Fifteenth Amendment, though some thing of a dead letter, restricts the liberty of the States. The right of cltlzcnsto vole, It says, shall not bo denied or abridged on ac count of rnce, color or previous condition of servitude. Tho phrnse, "previous condition of servitude," might bo Interpreted, If wo forget Its Immediate occasion, nsapptylng to women; fordid not John Stuart Mill show us clearly Hint the Inequality of tho sexes In re gard to suffrngo dates back to tho primitive ages when women were In bondngo to men? That would be a moral Interpretation. Eleven American States', exercising tholr liberty, havo mndo It legal. Their sovereignty has certainly not been called Into question by the iftuc of women suffrage. Let Commuters Pay the Freight 1ET tho commuters pay the freight! Tho i Interstate Commerce Commission, Its vision of the facts having boon warped by too much argument, refuses to let the freight pay Its own wny. That would never do. It Is better to transfer tho burden to tho shoulders of Innocent nnd patient citizens who havo managed In somo wny or other to securo homes In tho quiet suburb, where norvoun individuals can sleep o' nights nnd conserve their health by breathing pure nlr nnd plenty of It. Possibly the rnllronds aro not above sus picion. If they can't get from tho commis sion tthnt they ought to got, they can follow tho commission's advice, and, by putting tho burden whore It docs not belong, arouse a public sentiment before which all commis sions will bo powerless. Ordinarily, tho en couragement of comrqutatlon Is good policy for railroads, for It Increases tho volume of all traffic. The Interstate Commerce Commission ' doubtless feels that a slight Increase In freight rates would greatly enhance the high cost of living. That Is why, possibly. It ad vises adding dollars to the tax on commuters Instead of a fow cents to tho burden of all citizens. Ocean Caravans of Succor MURMURS of protest against generous chnrlty to tho stricken Belgians nro being heard, on tho ground that tho poor at homo aro in need of real assistance. "People who ought to know better have been doing everything In their power to bo tray tho South Into a mendicancy of which It has novor horetoforo been guilty," says a great Southern newspaper commenting on tho cotton situation. And Bishop Candler, of Georgia, voiced the same sentiment In de claring, "I havo no sympathy with peoplo who look to tho Government to furnish thorn with a squaro meal every tlmo they aro forced to do without their breakfast." The poor at t home are entitled to sym pathetic help, but they themselvos, wo sur mise, would bo tho first to protest against tho pica that Philadelphia, In their behalf, withhold its aid from the heroic nation which war has utterly confounded. Wo dare sus pect that the Thclma carried more than ono gift precious beyond compare on account of tho sacrifice Involved In Its giving. It Is tho glory of our charity that It cost some thing, thnt our own necessities were sub ordinated to tho supreme tragedy of Bel gium. Nor have tho wells of Philadelphia's gen erosity been drained. Her ocean caravans of succor will continue to move and her charitable organizations at home will con tlnuo to bo nourished. Humanity Itself is staggering through a deep slough and its eyes turn to us with an appeal that wo must answer. Lord Roberts SOME of the sting Is taken from England's grief by the fact that Lord Roberts, tho beloved "Bobs," was 82 years old. But ho did not belong to England; he was tho Em pire's Idol. His servlco had carried him to tho frontiers of tho imperial domain. It was Doum Ainca wiui crownra mo K'my uiiu. India that, began it. Tho ablest of living sol- fliers', the Kaiser said ho was, and by all standards of military measurement the ver dict was Just. And inch for inch his char acter held close to his ability, so' confirming the greatness of his stature. There are younger soldiers fighting Eng land's battles now. "Busy Berthas" and Uhlans are battering genius Into the open. It cannot remain covered. In the long line of battalions that He along the trenches of France must be a new "Bobs" In the mak ing. England has realized that, and has been waiting for him. But coutd 20 years have dropped from Lord Roberts' tireless form, could the magnificent vigor of hlB men tality have persisted In his physique, the stubborn courage of the British legions along the furious Flanders battle line might well have culled before thls richer triumph for its sacrifice. Germany has one great advantage over the Allies it has no Shaw. There may be plenty of comedy In the war, but dead soldiers cannot see it. A J20.000.000 order ftr blanket manufactur ers is a sure enough blanket contract. What's the use of being a dreadnought if a submarine won't tell that It's coming? - t The Christmas Ship has sailed. It Is the privilege of Neptune to take good care of Santa Claus. Pennsylvania has had poorer teams and Cornell better ones without an Ithacan vic tory on Thanksgiving. A needle In 'a haystack is a conspicuous object compared to the Phlladelphlan who rejoices that at last the 8E-day drought is over, The opinion prevailed In the Palmer Sta dium Saturday that t was a good thing for Yale that the timekeeper's watch did not stop. The steamship companies are evidently trying to aid the movement after foreign trade by discovering that the greater de nuuid for ear go spaaa tends to raise steam ship iright rates. The National Utilities Bureau, If properly supported, should be the most efllolent Instru ment in America fr the betterment of nu nlalpal conditions, and it was "Made In Phil adelphia." The IS Federal Reserve Banks that opea Ulfe? i MK causing half tfce stir, so far as tfe vra oan goes, tfe&t the apening of tfe bnnstwU seaeeii awiuay creates, yet tjm ujttatft ct on tfe luuiclaJ and com- ihwi( um ot the United Ue Is iliurf to Jw Inrttitrifsrably zreataA GOLF FIENDS OF CONGRESS UNDERGO TRANSFORMATION ON THE LINKS Lincolncsquc Prouty, Cyclonic in House, Becomes Gentle ns n Lamb on the Green, While the Usually Austcfe Fitzgerald Romps About Like a Hilarious Youth President an Ardent Golfer, Too, But His Scores m Arc Guarded Like a State Secret. Hy E. W. TOWNSEND Mfmltrr of Conpe from New Jeriry, Author of "CMmrnle FidJen" and Other Fammil Stortel. WASHINGTON, Nov. 18. Twenty years ago Washington socially was the least out-of-doors community In this country. All this summer and fall Washington socially would havo stngnated had It not been for Its lately developed opportunities for out-of-doors rec reations and tho Indoors affairs, which one may call by-ptoducts of golf and tennis. The reason, of course, for this Is not wholly tho present-day luro of golf links and tennis courts, tho added reasons being the suspen sion of nil social affairs In the Whlto House, owing to the death of Mrs. Wilson this affecting tho homes of Cabinet ofllclals as well and tho war In Europe, which has sus pended social affairs In many embasslcs.i In a sort of way Senator Nowlands, of Nevada, may bo said to havo mado outdoor life poinlbla for Washington; certainly ho made It inoro conveniently obtained. In thnt long tlmo ago I'vo spoken of Nowlands wat a member of tho House, and had tho lncomo of a rich estnto to Invest ns trustee. Ono day he nsked Soimtor Jones, of his State, for ad vice as to Investment In tho District, nnd the wlso old Senator drew a penoll line on a Dis trict map Indicating an extension of Connec ticut nvenuo northwest out through the farms and woodlands beyond Rock Creek toward tho Maryland lino. "Buy ncreago property out there, grade it, build streets, sewers, light It, build car lines you'll found a suburban district Washing ton must have," said tho Senator. It took courage nnd millions of dollars to act on that ndvlco, but Nowlands did so. Result of His Courage Today Connecticut avenue spans Rock Creek by a handsome bridge, arches springing from arches supporting a solid roadway, and continues not only to tho District line, but a couple of miles into Maryland. It Is tho mnln avc'nuo through Washington's fashionable suburb, cabbage fields turned Into lawns sur rounding hundreds of villas and thousands of modest little 10 or 15 room cottages. Now lands Invited Washington out Into tho coun try, and It went with a rush. To return to our mutton: Beyond tho District line over in Maryland, but still In tho Chovy Chaso "additions," Washington peoplo havo Built two 18-holo golf links, each with Its dozen tennis courts nnd each with a big clubhouse designed, rather more so than In tho metropolitan district, for teas, dinners and dances. This fall they aro tho centres of all that goc3 on socially In Washington, The first formed of theso golf clubs, Chevy Chase got for members tho pick of official society. Cabinet officers, diplomats, generals and admirals and Prosidcnt Tnft sot tho seal of final ofllclal approval upon Chovy Chase by joining the club and playing thcro regularly. Setter Links for Less Exulted A little beyond the Chovy Chaso links is the Columbia Country Club course, with bettor links to play over, but with a mem bership of less exalted officials. Besides spending a lot of money for ground Improve ment, Columbia had a big and expensive club house to run and was not doing very well, thank you, until tho Congress elected In 1010 began its session. Some country club member discovered that In that Congress were twoscore or so of ardent golfers, and ho Induced the club of ficials to offer these congressional golfers attractlvo terms for special membership. Thlrty-flve or 40 Representatives and Sen ators Joined, and then tho President, turn ing down Chevy Chase's offer of honorary membership, allowed as how he'd like to play over the Columbia links, was elected In - - U8ual manner. Bent his little check-and there you are! Columbia prospers, This summer, during tho hereafter to be known as Loitg Session, during the months when tho lingering sun permitted daylight approach to tho 18th hole as late as 8 o'clock In the evenings, there was a hike of golfers from both ends of tho Capitol after adjourn ment. And much truly wonderful golf was played. Not nil of the duffer quality cither, for Sena tor Hollls, of New Hampshire, and Senator Saulsbury, of Delaware, have been prize win ners on their own home links, and similar honors havo been won in smart golf company by Representatives Oglesby, of New York; Whaley, of South Carolina, and Connolly, of Iowa. But, gentle reader, from general Impres sions you may have received of them, would you guess that Senators Brlstow, Cummins and O'Gorman, Representatives Prouty, Un derwood and Fitzgerald are the most devoted golfers In Congress? It's bo. If one were writing of less distinguished statesmen it would be permissible to say of them that they are "golf nuts." What I want to write no'w is not a study in golf, but a study In some amazing reversals of accredited tem perament I have observed in somo of these statesmen-golfers. Cyclonic in House; Placid on Green Take two Instances: Representatives Prouty (Just elected to the Supreme Court of Iowa, by the way) and Fitzgerald, of New York. Judge Prouty In action on the floor of the House Is a cyclone backed by an omi nous black cloud, He is a tall, spare, upstanding middle-aged man, of the Lincoln type, one often hears It said, whose special mental equipment makes him the sturdy vfoe of proposed fool taxation measures, When he is on the floor pointing curiosity snop The popular fallacy that thero are certain hours! of tho day more fatal to human life than others was investigated some years ago by an English editor. He ascertained the hour of death In 2880 cases, of all ages, and arrived at very interesting conclusions. The data were derived from a mixed population In every respect, and the deaths occurred during a period of sevsral years. Tha maxi mum hour of death is from 5 to 6 o'clock a, tn.. when it Is 40 per cent, above the aver age; and the minimum during the hours from 9 to 11 o'clock In the evening, wlxjn it is 6M par wat below the average. Thus th least mortality Is during midday hours, namely, from 10 till 3 o'clock; the greatMt, during early morning hours, from 3 till 6 o'clock Fisherman say that times of the ebb and flow of tbe tides are always critical hours with invalids. v CeptaloiiU was known ai the "Lst Island" tMcaus it wm so hsmU tjwu ancisnt navlga ton faftd trouble i locating U. Plato's year was a cycle of M.MO years tn whisk tbe atiurs iuul coafiUlUUoaS rUIH t their former yhw in rpot ta tbe squl- out tho errors of their economic notions to proponents of taxation fads his heavy brows clinch over his eyes In a mnnner peculiarly stern. He speaks rapidly with an admirable vocabulary, wherein phrnRcs 'of Intolerance for stupidity, of denunciation, draw you the picture of a man of nothing less than un changeable acerbity of temper. On tho golf links he displays a sweetness of tompor unaltered by a hole In nlno which ho should havo mado In four. I can say no more to a golfer. Bunkers, traps, lost balls, unnttentlyo caddies, none of tho trials of golf so much m rlpplo tho smiling placidity of his temper, Fltzgorald, of Brooklyn, chairman of tho Appropriations Committee and "the best par liamentarian In Congress," says Champ Clark, Ir oustcro when ho Is at work on tho floor. Ho Is a prodigious worker, and thorough, and it Is excusable In him that ho knows thnt ho knows more about his appropriation pro visions than any other man In or out ot Con gress. When he Is "presenting" a bill, as tho Intro ductory explanation Is called, ho proceeds gravely and systematically, showing no trnco of his renowned high temper until somo mem ber questions tho Justlco or correctness of an item of appropriation whoso exlstcnco ho has Just becomo awaro of. Then Fitzgerald, who has been Investigating and studying that very matter for months, years, perhaps, uncorks tho very lightly stoppered vials of his wrath nnd contempt. "Don't question tho accuracy ot Fltz's fig ures or tho Justlco of his conclusion unless you aro dead suro you'vo got him, or he'll bito your head ,off," said an old member to a young ono. That reflects the general Impression tho House- has of Fitzgerald. On tho golf links ho's a kid; a Joyous, ebullient, generous youngster, showing no more traco of worry as to how Uncle Sam Is to bo provided with $3,000,000 a day to meet his expenses than he did when he played ball on the Manhattan Collcgo nine. Where a Pupil Wins Out Prouty's game was better than Fitzgerald's early last spring, but the Brooklyn man was taking lessons, nnd one day In Juno offered the Iowan a couplo of strokes on a round. "I'll never take strokes from a man who take3 lessons," responded the Judge, who has his own way of playing, uninfluenced by any professional advice. Fitzgerald stuck to his lessons, going out to tho links at daylight for practice, and Prouty stuck to his determination not to tako strokes and since July the Iowan has been paying for the Now Yorker's golf balls. Senator O'Gormnn's Judlcinl dignity of manner, poso and carrlngo does not desert him evon on the links. Fitzgerald, observing tho Senator's manner of taking his stand on a tee nnd addressing his ball for the drive, remarked: "Senator, you'd drive better If you didn't address your balls as If you were addressing tho Senate." Tho first too nt Columbians on a bank pitching steeply to a creek. My Demo cratic colleague, Tuttle, of New Jersey, cne day foozled his first drive and the ball dribbled miserably ovor tho bank. "Is It In tho water?" Tuttle called to his caddie, on watch. "No, sir. It stopped Just Rhort," the boy answered. "I havo observed, William," remarked Judge Prouty, "that you can lead a Demo crat to water, but you can't make him go In." President Wilson plays frequently at Co lumbia, always with his physician. Doctor Grayson; plays briskly and attentively If not with enthusiasm. The President's score Is never announced, but observing his game ono Judges he finishes his 18 holes in low 00s, a game which would not delay a low handicap opponent. The rules of golf require a foursome to permit an overtaking twosome to "pass through," and while this Is done grudgingly under ordinary circumstances a foursome will always wait on a tee when tho Presi dent Is overtaking It and ask him to "go through." The President's Little Joke I was one of a foursome of Representatives one day when this happened, and when tho President was asked to "go through, please," he hesitated, smiling, and said, "I feel some diffidence In driving through so many mem bers of the House." "Mr. President," one of the foursome re marked, "are you not accustomed to driving through the House?" The President looked sharply for n second at tho questioner, then addressed his ball. But, nis snouiuers were snaking so with laughter he foozled his drive. Then he turned to the foursome, and bowing, said gravely: "I'm sorry, gentlemen, to have driven through you so awkwardly. Perhaps with more practice I'll be able to do so more neatly." Somewhere above I was gossiping about the resoue of the society folk bythe con veniences of these golf clubs. Besides their golf, tennis, teas and dinner parties, Chevy Chase has two dinner-dances each week and Columbia at least one. "The war has killed Washington socially," it is said. Yes; but Just over the District line, at the country clubs, Washington engages Jn outdoor sports, dines and dances, plays bridge, gossips and flirts as never before. CRISES IN GREAT LIVES Earl Roberts was already the wearer of the Victoria Cross and the hero of all England when he made his most striking military move. He was then 4T years old, but it oannot be doubted that the relief of Kanda-. har was tho critical moment of his career, because it changed him from a brave general Into a commander who was both brave in aa tion. wise in counsel and endlessly active in execution. In the autumn of 1879, Roberts had effected the fall of Kabul. In Afghanistan, and in the next year had so far reduced the forces of the uative opposition that the dismemberment of the local governments was successfully ac eompllslwd. Lord Roberts was relieved of supreme command, and In July, 1880, was preparing to withdraw from India when the newn came that a British force had been routed .and that Lieutenant General Primrose was besieged at Kandahar. With a transport corps, which had been recently formed at his own Instigation, and with 10,000 troop. Roberts started for tu relief. Regardless of the dlfncultus of marching through hostile country. Indefatigable l driving his army for. HWi liUsg sfrtoatoh, nong his line aid smasbifig bm way throiuch every ohaiaj-u aa or nature, Ruowu wwnpleted t ter- j rifle Journey in i2 days, covering ft dlsW?r of 813 miles. Tho average speed of nearly-1 miles a day, Under the conditions, is extra ordinary!, but it Is even more ntew?JlhLl., on the day following his arrival at Kn"danar.' without resting himself or his soldiers, he flung his troops Into battle, routed the encmy( nnd relieved Kandahar. The honors which came to Roberts as a re sult of this exploit, rich ns they were, do not measure Its importance. It was a critical tlmo for England In Asia, and in the grcnt crisis England found a man wnoso "-'"" zeill, unlimited command or ueian, i.k.1 AMn hmiM .. I.nf. thrnlicll. J' O of detail, nnd per- her through. I;or . nvn rrlnln! his that reason it was Roberts' own crisis; his llfo thereafter was brilliant, but It showed nothing whleii tho march of Knndahar did not foretell, VIEWS OF READERS ON TIMELY TOPICS Contributions That Reflect Public Opin ion on Subjects Important lo City, State and Nation. 77) Ihm EAltnr At 1h Kutnlnn l.tAatr. Sir Tho magnanimity with which the peoplo of Philadelphia responded on behalf of the Uei glnn sufferers was. Indeed, admirable. provn that Phllndelphlans linve n feeling ot compassion for nil who aro steeped In sorrow regardless of their creed, nationality or be liefs. Hut It would be both cruel nnd Ironical to hln cargoes of supplies to foreign shores ami absolutely Ignoro the misery and suffering that Is rampant In our very very midst. This country Is at present In the throes or hard times. And all tho optimistic predictions of politicians Hint nn era of prosperity Is im pending will not postpone the coming of winter nor relieve tho pangs of privation that nro soon lo be felt In the poorer sections of the city. It will take direct nnd earnest effort on the part of the good peoplo of Philadelphia to avoid a, winter of dire suffering among the poor. It would be deplorable. Indeed, If. while we wcro mothering war-torn Belgium, thousands of our own peoplo should succumb to the ravages of want and exposure. That Is ivhat Is likely to happen unless the people opon their eyes to tho true stato of nf fnlrs. So while wo arc compelled to patronize "made In America" commodities, let us not overlook "mado In America poverty." j JOHN WYNNE. Philadelphia, November 14. A NOTE OF APPRECIATION To the Editor of the Evening Ledger: Sir It gles nio great plcanuro to extend tho tlinnks of tho Child Federation for your hoarty co-opcrntlon In reporting the nows connected with tho collection of articles for the war or phnns of Europe Tho Child Federation nppro jclatcs how great ft bearing the help of the newspapers had on tho more than successful rc3Ult of this campaign. ALBERT CROSS, Mannplng Director of tho Child Federation. Philadelphia, November 13. NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW The .Springfield Survey says that the correc tional system of that city is not very success ful in protecting tho community from law breakers. Nearly half tho total arrests In Springfield ln 1913 wore of persons who came Into custody more than once during tho year. Ono hundred and sevonty-soven porsons were arrested threo or moro times during the year, and some spent most of their time In Jail. Chi cago Journal. Tlio greatest menace of the Brumbaugh nro gram lies ln Its progressive character. Leading Itoms arc: A child labor law; a worKmcn's compensation act; submission of tho woman suffrage amendment; conservation of natural resources; advancement of scientific agricul ture; reorganization of chnrlty appropriations. What la this but so flno an Imitation of "social Justice" that nobody but a trained Progressive logician could tell the difference? Now York Evening Post. The new development ln the Mexican situa tion to again postpono the departure of the United States troops from Vora Cruz cama sooner than was expected. That something of the sort would develop was, however, an almost foregone conclusion. In fact, official announcements of impending withdrawals of the troops have invariably been the signal for new outbreaks In tho revolutlon-rldden land. Springfield Union. From a labor standpoint, a heavy Influx of foreign people would be at this tlmo undesir able. The labor market Is overstocked. Many men are already out of work. The Ideals of American progress and the unwise zeal of foreign labor leaders frequently clash. Eleva tion of living and working standards In this country must come by growth, not by storm. Indianapolis News. Vice President Marshall, with his usual efful gence, has outstripped all war worshipers ln his advocacy of a great navy. He wants, as he says, "a navy that can face not merely any nation In the world, but it will be an organiza tion that will be able to withstand the com bined navies of the rest of the world." Such a boast is wild and senseless. Ohio State Journal. Secret treaties have rightly come In for con demnation sines the war broke out, and ln England particularly there has been unexpected praise for what has been sneered at as "shirt sleeves" diplomacy. But for Gorman critics to convert these expressions of a wholly demo cratic feeling Into an argument that England was the provoker of the war Is not quite legiti mate. Springfield Republican. Concerning the Servant Market From the Hoiton Tranirrlrt. "Servants are plentiful," says a headline from Philadelphia. Is this a clever bit of ad vertising circulated by some "Push Philadel phia" committee of tho city's Chamber of Com merce? Surely no better inducement could be offered to attract the modern householder than the promise of cooks enough to Bpoll 20 broths and of maids In sufficient force to dust all the cobwebs from the moon. Philadelphia's glut In the servant market is quite plausibly as cribed to the reduction of domestic staffs which has been made by hundreds of families slnco the European war began to counsel economy In Boston, however, this situation docs not appear to have been duplicated. The lares employment agencies report that It Is about ns hard aa ever to draw good servants from the grab bag. The hunt for -rv9ni. . merrily on In the good American way and 1 Wellesley wisely keeps Its motto, "Non mln- Ulrnrl crl mlnl.1tr.-1r.. ' ' " """ Another "Scrsp of Taper'? From tha Chicago Journal. The Unltrd States Is not going to war over the disappearance of a passport, But tha American people would like to know how the document Issued by the American Embassy at Berlin to an American cltUen got into tha hands of the Kaiser's spy who was executed at London on Tuesday, ,, Judging by the Pa.t From the LouUvlU Fot, The Important feature of the election is that the Democrats come out with the control of both houses of Congress. Not ln 60 years has a President been defeated for re-election whose party held the House at the mid-term election. WHAT THREE CAN DO Three men, together riding. Can win new worlds at their will; Resolve, ne'er dividing, Lead, and be vletors, stilt. Three can laugh and doom a king, Three can make the planetilpg. Three, when the whim shall take them. Can gleefully nght, and win: Touch Heaven's doors, and shake them. Loose them, and look within, TUree can laugh Hell from the code, As they Jest along the road. Three, with a Joyful daring. Can steal new Are from the Uo. Bre, in their happy faring. They've loitered, and galloped on Three can level gods to men. Three en build new god Igato y yotya Daviee to the America L iis ' ' Commercial New . Tho -Sin-tlr Review, dovowa , . f vnnccment nnd tho mnJ0Ve38'Slt of the war bands, reports ' sSon becomo extinot the rubber band may soj u d forms ot T.iwn all tho more hlgmy civui tJlft Llko all tho more hiRiiy """ t0 gfty. "th life." tho Elastic wv --,,llon9 0f iving rubber band flnilstho "uMnt crisis. i...ii,in in tho face oi w i"r. .i. mill iii,1b In tho face ot mffi" ..-.ii J',7one.Un1o snap Is gone. J;"".' ,tif to "mgtancos It has n2.?.."BB l v."r. ., nml nnw lies Iiai. . . tlio insi uwira, ... - hio-h cost OI ruu It is MPtencd.,Ih5UrHv from "he use of bcrlmndlng results directly from J i. pea-shooters by ''""pea Is shot It tending nrmles. When the pea ,t rolls in .BOKtoftLroth"n"hwal renclies a river bnnk. ,T,," lnut industry low it. nnd ns a 8iilt t he pe t ln a Kml lo' wolf " 1. therefore reduced to star - prairie wolf lion nnd In crciuiu ""-r" ,-. - , !, Sw j JS 1 aws lion and In his perplMW n "' ; bber band tree, I. .....I ratitnfli t .ar;rt..s,',,,Ks SKIK wed Instead of eulpepper to fatten humming birds. Sample Spring Poem r.Vot nn Advertisement ) Tho Muse should bo quite ready very dar To wont on incinea m . ....-.. .- Rcgardfess of tho subject of the lay. Regardless of tho weather or w wowm. Somo bards may looks on this remark as And somfmny call It Mcrllege, hut they Aro thoso who will forever put tncir plena In . To editors In vain, so let them brny. You lazy bnrds who, like the ancients, uso The olden plan and rhyme by lnpIlon. Know that, like my galley s lave. e muao Does better work if forced to perspiration. And do you doubt, mayhap a demonstra tion . .. . Will help a littlo bit to dlsabuso Your minds; read then, our springy Iucu- And try tho plan, you who have naught to lose. TIs winter now, but not far off is Prinff. Let Jack Frost rngo without nt will and Tho birds their Joyous melodies will sing Erelong ln that bluo vault which Is their castle. ,. , - And hearts to balmy weather will be vassal, . . . , When e'en tho winds of March have taen 'Twill not bo long, and in tho meantime. Keep out tho roaring north wind's bitter sting. There is Hope "The newspapers nro overlooking ono of tho best points ln this general contribution for the war sufferers." "Yes?" "Sure, It's going to cut down tho list of useless Christmas presents wonderfully this year." . Melancholia ... I. ha ..a- (ham Im nft UNA At ftll lfl SR1611. In taste, ln teeth, In toast, ln anything, there Is no use at nil nnd tho respect 1 mutual. Gertrude, stein, in -lenaer uuxionj, page 33. Alas, how truo, there Is no use In mlco and mon and apple cake! In ships nnd shoes nnd in Bull Moose In Bnlpo and snoezo and rattlesnake. There Is no uso "for you to sing, There Is no uso in nuts and wine, Thero is no uso In nnythlng, Thero Is no uso ln Gertrude Stein. Extra: Mexico Joins Allies "KAISER TO SELL VILLA." Headline. The Latest in Cookins . Colored Walter What will you hnb dis morning, gents?" . Jones I'll tako an order of ham' and Smith Glvo mo the same, but eliminate tho eggs. Colored Walter Sorry, boss, the chef don tol' mo do 'llmlnator was broke; would you mind takln' de eggs boiled or fried. War-time Gilbert and Sullivan Since now, ns often happens, a victim must be found. We've made a little list, It's Just a little list Of inoffensive peoplo who'd bo hotter under ground; They'd none of them be missed, no nono of them bo missed. A hundred thousand soldiers wo will send into the war, And when thoy'ro gone, why, wo will send a hundred thousand more. They're poor, unhappy fellows and all anxious for the fray; They haven't a thing to do at home, they're only In the way. And so, since wo are running this, wo cheer fully Insist, That though they may bo humans, they'd nono of them be missed. lie Knew Too Much , "Did you make any money out of that lnnd development stock you bought?1' "Not yet, but it looks good. I found out so much about the company that they took me into tho firm." Advice to the Shopworn By Beatrice Barefaeta Dear Beatrice Barefacts: I am a young girl of 29 and considered beautiful. I havo brown hair. What do you think of my looks? The trouble ia that when I cat my Jaws have a peculiar habit of moving up and down, and the man I'm engaged to says that refined people's Jaws move sldewlse. Ought I to give him up? What do Charles, Anna, Mellsande and Carpathla mean? FURIOUS vatcwv Try chewing persimmons, Fanny, and hopa for the best. Refined people don't hava Jaws. Charles able; Anna capable; Mell sande see Maeterlinck; Carpathla car buncles. Fooilight Photos lllxt( Kooj. I pronounce you. Mlwsl Hajos, (In my best Hungarian way). Far too lovely to get by us With an only three weeks' stay, But my Bister, MIizl Hajos, Looking at the "Sari" clothes Says you stay but to enrage us Girls, with onyy. Well, who knows? From the Cub's Notebook With 200 Investment bankers meeting in one room and nearly as mav TmilL Mayors meeting In another, whUe dSegates from the Labor Federation gossip m tha hall3. some amusing things are haK at the Bellevue-Stratford investmeS?Pr,Mi?,ff ers- arriving late sit placidly HSitentasr public utilities talk In the Mayor- b-n,.? believing it a perfectly good disci.i; investment securities. whUe bel&Mayors speaks well of munW bMKt? wahbundif tsaAs asff9 yU 0t 8e BPehes there?" h, gSlBE. "" the roan' "' 'm all ,f for the Mayors? hi &fi "2!& may be some good obm wn hM plete" B 0,w youU want cora- apegiAes into tyr agoon L 8' th sura; ef Hlw Z "Investment banker. ' t " "MB 1 twv dJS; ? WiorUd L'koI wfl rt T k rtCMlk -Mi Tfea., smm, aVSHSf -ss-T ' s asKW,- -; -ZP-Slb!, , "ImHUSMWttHm Mlklffiillslifill ill mil mn '