Newspaper Page Text
VOL. l-NO. 38
Sudden Offensive Move
Made on Right Wing
Is Sucessful, Paris Re
ports, and Germans
Lose Artillery Duel.
Allies Make Progress Be
tween Ypres and Roulers,
While Belgians and British
Hold Invaders Between
Dixmude and Nieuport.
Battle in Belgium Now Raging
Most Fiercely on Lower
Reaches of Yser Southward to
Region of Lens in France.
The French have taken the offensive
east of Nancy and have driven the
Germans back across their own fron
tier, asserts an official report issued
in Paris today. This flatly contradicts
the Berlin reports, which declare that
the French right wing has been
driven back, leaving the fortress of
In Belgian, it is stated, the Allies
have made progress between Ypres
and Roulers. This also is in direct
contradiction to the German version.
It is further asserted that around
Soissons and Berry-au-Bac, in the
centre, the French have won in an
artillery duel and destroyed German
Furious night attacks mark new
German assaults on the Allies' line
between Nieuport and Dixmude.
Paris admits slight gains by the
Germans on the Yser and near Lille
after heavy losses, but asserts the Al
lies are slowly forcing the Germans
back in northern France below Lille.
The Germans got into Dixmude,
Belgium, but were driven out. The
city of Nieuport is said to be sub
stantially in ruins from shell fire.
The British fleet at this point is re
ported to have been driven to sea be
cause of the superiority of the German
Both armies are intrenching them
selves in their main positions.
The British are bearing the brunt of
the heavy fighting southwest of Ypres
and between Armentieres and Lille.
They are said to be slowly driving the
Germans back to the east.
A great battle is said to be raging
around the walls of Warsaw. The
German attack is aided by bomb
The forces that have crossed the
Yser in Belgium are asserted to be
Fighting In Poland has shifted to
Radom and Rawa, west of the Vistula,
the Petrograd War Office affirms.
Battle in this territory substantiates
the Russian claim that the Austro
German movement against Warsaw
was checked earlier in the week and
the invaders forced back toward their
A flanking movement from East
Prussia by which the Germans en
deavor to seize the railroad from
Mlawa on the Polish frontier to Novo
Georgiesky, a strongly fortified po
rtion north of Warsaw, has been re
pulsed simultaneously with the check
ing of the main German frontal at
tack on the Vistula from Warsaw to
Ivangorod. The Germans have been
Coaeladed oo Vmgo Foux
For Philadelphia atid vicinity
Fur tonight, with heavy frost or
frMtng; Wednesday fair, with slow
ly rising temperature; diminishing
For details, see last page.
N- TM0skr- 1K""
1 i i
AMERICANS PROTEST LOSS
0 GOODS IN BRITISH SHIPS
State Department Advises Shippers
to Use Neutral Bottoms.
WASHINGTON, Oct ?7.-Actlng Secre
tary of State Lansing today admitted
that protests )md been filed with the
State Department concerning the sinking
of several British merchant ships carry
ing American cargoes.
The State Department has made It clear
to shippers that tho use of belligerent
ships must bo at their own risk, and has
suggested that, tn future, American ship
pers make use of neutral bottoms.
GRIDIRON HERO WHO
Tobin, State College Cap
tain, and Leader of Sopho
more Class May Both Lose
Sight as Result of Celebra
tion. STATE COLLEGE, Pa., Oct 27.-Cap-taln
E. W. Tobin, of Pcnn State's foot
ball cloven, nnd Q. J. Saurhoff, of Had
don Heights, N. J., president of tho
sophomore class, were terribly burned
last night by the explosion of live bar
rels of gasolines that was poured over
a huge pllo of firewood to celebrate the
return of tho team from Harvard, where
It played the Crimson to a tie In Satur
Both men. It Is feared, will lose their
eyesight. They are In tho Bellcfonte
So great was the force of the explosion
that houses In all parts of tho villago
were shaken, windows of college build
ings and fraternity houses were shat
tered nnd plaster fell from the walls In
tho home of Dr. E. E. Sparks, president
of tho college. Hundreds of spectators
who circled about tho bonfire, 50 feet
away, were knocked down. Many suf
fered Injuries from flying debris and in
the stampede that followed.
Tobin and Saurhoff were sLindlne eldn
by side. 25 feet from tho pllo. Under
Saurhoff's direction Tobin lighted a torch
and threw it into the woodpile. Nearby
was a half barrel of gasoline. This ex
ploded and immediately there followed
tho ignition of fumes from more than
four barrels poured liberally over tho
mass of timber.
ThJrty-flvo hundred persons, assembled
on the drill ground near the armory for
the celebration, were frantic In their
struggles to escapo from tho heat and
(lames that spread furious) over the
ground and leaped high Into the air.
Telegraph poles, wagons, small build
ings, boardwalks ana fences were piled
togethct all day long by more than 1000
students, members of tho frcihman and
sophomoro clnnscs. By nightfall their
woodpile was larger than any three-story
building, and an elaborate celebration had
been arranged for the evening. Late last
night, after tho wind had died down, the
crowd nsFembled for the ceremony, and
Captain Tobin was accorded the honor
of applying the torch.
Windows were broken tn the now Car
negie library, the electrical engineering
building, the Armory, and the beautiful
memorial window In tho Beta Theta Pi
Fraternity was destroyed. The flames
were seen many miles from State College.
KILLED IN BELGIUM BATTLE
General von Binhardt Commanded
BERLIN, Oct. 27.
Lieutenant General von Binhardt, at
tached to tho Wurttembcrg troops, has
been killed In Belgium. Ho was a veteran
of 1S70, and retired from actlvo service
in 1805. He volunteered at the beginning
of the war and received command of a
Tho report Is confirmed that Emperor
Willlom has conferred the decoration Pour
le Mertte on Commander Weddlgen, of
the submarine IT-9, for tho destruction of
the British cruiser Hawke. It is under
stood that the crew of the submarine
has received the decoration of the Order
of the Iron Cross of the First Class.
Lineman's Fall Sue to Cold Hands
The first victim of tho cold today was
Leldy Howard, an employe of the Phila
delphia Electric Company, who fell while
working on a pole at 18th and Lattlmer
streets when his hands grew numb. He
was picked up by workmen and taken to
the Polyclinic Hospital.
EUBOPE OKDEBS QUNS IN U. S.
Several Thousand Rapid Flrers Want
ed by Certain Warring Nations.
PITTSBURGH. Oct. 27.-An order for
several thousand rapid-fire guns has been
received from certain of the warring na
tions in Europe by the Sharon Drlggs
Seabury Ordnance Company at Its own
Dear Fren Al"
"l am rlttng to tell you that the
world's serious Is over, but I would
worry. Thare is a And chance for
me to see them big football games
wen my new boss.
RING W. LARDNER
is arouu. He Is sum gridiron doper
& he may take me a long wen he
gos to Cambridge for the Evening
Ledqer to rite up that
"Lardner has rote one of them
stories all ready what they calls ad
vance stud and it is on the sporting
page today, so you had beter tern
to It & read it He is going to rite
sum moar of them kind of stories &
all so rite the details of the game &
a posemordem or watever It Is. All
of these rite ups will be printed in
THE EVENING LEDGER
& not in no other sheet Well. Al,
he could not of chose a better paper
to rite for. that's a fact, you know
me Al. 1 wouldut tell you roug.
Tell all our frens to order thare
paper early from the newsdealers &
hoping you are well, for i am the
same, 1 am
w ' h. ly v a ' y
Ai 1vVt -"-" -x.
MANY DIE IN MINE
TORN BY EXPLOSION;
Flames Sweep Through
Shafts of Illinois Colliery
and Hamper Work of Sav
ing Trapped Victims.
EDWARDSVILLE, 111., Oct. 27. Be
tween 0 and 100 men loat their lives In an
explosion within Franklin mine, at Itoy
altown. 111., near here, this morning.
At noon 30 bodies had been recovered and
the rescuers, who at that time had been
working frantically for several hours,
gave little hope for the remainder of
those still In the mine.
The timekeeper at the mine declared
this afternoon that 372 men had entered
tho mine when the blast occurred and
that 2S2 had been rescued alive, although
many of these were Injured. With the 30
bodies recovered, this leaves 60 men un
accounted for and supposed to bo trapped
In the burning west entry.
Flames are raging in tho west entry. In
which the men still in the mine are
Helmet rescuers of the State mine
rescue staff, who arrived at the scene of
the explosion at 11 a. m , and a corps of
volunteeis endeavored to pierce the cor
don of flames that surrounds the entrance
10 me nrut.
The explosion occurred at 7:25 a. m.,
shortly after nearly all the men employed
in the mine had descended Intu the shaft
One party was waiting at the top to
be taken below when the explosion shook
DESPERATE ATTEMPTS AT RESCUE.
A volunteer corps was quickly formed
from the miners left waiting on the sur
face, and a telegraphic appeal was sent
for the State mine rescue car. The huge
fans began forcing air Into the mine.
The first attempt to descend was baffled
by a rush of flames that shot nearly to
the surface. The air pressure fought
back the flames toward the lower levels,
and the flrst squad of rescuers descended!
At the entrance to ono of the levels
the rescuers found a heap of 15 bodies,
some of them charred and burned beyond
recognition. In still lower levels 230 men
rescued were found huddled together In
a frightened group, and many of them
were burned and otherwise Injured,
When these men were brought to the
surface an attempt was made to reach
the west entry. A burst of flame drovo
the rescuing party back to the shaft, and
several other attempts to penetrate the
entry were beaten back by the flames.
Shortly after noon word came from the
bottom of the shaft that the flames wire
raging through the entire west entry
where the. men are trapped, and that the
rescue workers were unable to advance
only a few feet.
Rescue work was hampered by the
frantic efforts of women and children,
whose fathers and brothers are among
the doomed men, to reach the mouth
of the shaft
A space was Anally roped ofT about
the mouth of the shaft.
HEROIC SEARCH FOR SON.
James Harris, a volunteer rescuer and
father of Russell Harris, one of the en
tombed miners, descended with the flrst
crew in search of his son. He ran
wildly through the burning drift, shout
ing his boy's name, but got no response.
Concluded on I'ote Two.
PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1014.
mmm- - iniiif
The Hands of Esau
Tomorrow's instalment of this re
markable scries of articles on political
conditions in Philadelphia deals with
and the problems which confront those
who seel: to Improve living conditions,
especially among persons of small or
moderate means In this city.
AUSTRIAN TROOPS RUSHED
TO AID GERMANS IN WEST
10,000 Soldiers Reported Arrived in
LONDON', Oct. 27.
Austrian troops are being sent west to
old the Germans in Belgium, according
to a Rcuter dispatch from Amsterdam.
It says that 10,000 Austrlans arrived at
Ghent on Sunday.
BILLY SUNDAY TABERNACLE
MAY FACE LOGAN SQUARE
Lot on Line of Proposed Parkway
Sought as Site.
The big tabernacle to be built for
"Billy" Sunday's evangelistic campaign
will occupy tho large vacant lot on the
line of the proposed Parkway, near Logan
Squaro, at 19tH and Vino streets.
That the appeal for the use of this lot,
made by the leaders In the preparations
for the great revival, which has the back
ing of Mayor Blankenburg, would be
granted, 'became known today when
Henry R. Edmunds, president of the
Board of Trustees of the Free Library
of Philadelphia, said that he was In en
tire accord with the opinion given by the
It Is understood none at the members
of the Board of Trustees of the Free Li
brary opposes granting the privilege to
the Sunday Campaign Committee and it
is assumed favorable action will be taken
on the request at the meeting of the
board this afternoon.
The site, adjoining Logan Square, which
is controlled by the library officials, is
well suited to the needs, being in easy
access from Broad Street Station and
the Reading Terminal, and having excel
lent trolley accommodations. The taber
nacle which will be erected on the lot
will seat at least 25,000 persons, it Is said.
JAPANESE POUR UNCEASING
FIRE INTO TSING-TAO FORTS
Another German Battery Silenced by
TOKIO. Oct. 2T
The heavy guns of the Japanese that
are bombarding the forts of Tslng-Tao,
the pott of the German leasehold of
Klao-Chau In China, are never silent.
It was announced by the War Office
today that tbe cannonade is going on
night and day.
One of the German forts has now been
silenced by the Japanese howitzers.
EARTHQUAKE SHOCK IN ITALY
Inhabitants Panic-stricken, But Lit
tle Damage Bone.
FLORENCE, Ital. Oct. 27.-A severe
earthquake shock was felt here today.
Th Inhabitants were panic-stricken,
but little damage was done.
, "" ""OKI
Colonel in Stirring Speeches
Calls Upon Voters to Rid
State of Its Political
rnosi x sT.trr cossssroNrcM
UNIONTOWN, Pa., Oct. 27.-"Smash
Penrose, that Is the only way you will
ever get decent government In Pennsylva
nia. He is the enemy and not the friend
of the people."
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt made this
statement to 10,000 residents of Mononga
hela Valley and carried it into Fayette
County, tho stronghold of Senator 'Wil
liam E. Crow, this morning. He continu
ed his denunciations of Penrose and urged
tho support of tho Washington party
ticket beforo thousand of workmen,
women nnd school children.
Everywhere the Roosevelt special train
Btopped there was a repetition of yester
day's enthusiasm. The crowds that
greeted the Colonel were greater than
those that turned out to hear him in
"This is bully." cried Roosevelt, as the
train pulled out of Charlerol. "it beats
1912. I really believe Plnchot and Mc
cormick will do better than I did two
Today is Colonel Roosevelt's 6th birth
day. He celebrated It the flrst thing this
morning by eating a brace of pheasants
presented to him by Mr3. Frederick
Fields, of Wllllamsport.
CAMPAIGNS IN SNOW STORSr.
They enabled him to keep his old-time
punch which he recovered when he start
ed his Invasion yesterday, and he at
tacked Penrose and Penroselsm bitterly
Snow fell all morning, but at each stop
Roosevelt rushed out to tho platform of
his private car without a hat or overcoat
on, and denounced the senior Senator,
with the flakes falling on his uncovered
The Republican Organization-controlled
police of Allegheny County broke up the
meeting at McKeesport a few minutes
'ahead of the scheduled time. They kept
order while Roosevelt was denouncing
Penrose, but when the Colonel launched
Into an attack upon Coleman, Repub
lican candidate for Congress In the dis
trict. the stopped the meeting b or
dering the streets cleaned for traffic.
As the special train was pulling out
of McKeesport a quick stop saved the
Colonel's private car from being struck
by a slowly moving freight train, which
was crossing at St. Clair street.
ORATION IN CROW'S HOME.
Roosevelt fought Penrose this morn
ing In Allegheny, across Washington
and Greene Counties and at noon en
tered Ur.lontown, the home of Senator
Crow, Republican State chairman, and
Senator Penrose's campaign manager
A throng of 6000 met him at the station.'
The Colonel bowed and smiled.
The Roosetelt party Immediately
boarded a special train on the Baltimore
and Ohio for Morgantown W Va , where
Roosevelt addressed a State meeting of
West Virginia Progressives at 1 o'clock
Fully 10.000 persons heard him at Mor
gantown. where. In addition to urging
Ceaetaded on Pace Two.
Corritoirr, 10H, sr ins Pcsmo Licomi Compaht.
REYOLT TO RESCUE
Lead Third Revolution,
Striking at Both the Car
ranza and the Villa Consti
tutionalists. EL PASO, Tex., Oct. 27. Mexican
priests ore reported to be leading a
third revolution In central Mexico, strik
ing at both Carranza and the Villa Con
stitutionalists. An nppeal has been issued to soldiers
and former soldiers of all armies to
rally nround the new cause, which alms
primarily to protect what remains of
The new movement started at the town
of Union Uc Tula, State of Pallaco, when
the Constitutionalists' General waved a
Bishop's mitre from the roof of the
cathedral and confiscated all the church
Two Americans were executed by Her
rera's forces after they had captured
Pnral, nccordlng to a telegram to the
Carranza Consulate here. The men were
Edward P. Baker, of Philadelphia, and
James Breudenstcln, of El Paso. They
wero accused of aiding the Villa garrison.
FEAR YAQTJI UPRISING
Unruly Band of 1500 Beported 15
Miles From Nnco.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 27.-Apprchenslon
Is still felt along the Arizona border, de
spite the fact that Governor Maytorena's
Mexican troops have withdrawn from
Naco, n total dlstunce of 30 kilometers.
Colonel Hatfield, at Naco, telegraphed the
"War Department today that Governor
Maytorcna had little control over tho Ya
qul Indians under him.
A force of about 1B00 of them are re
ported 13 miles southwest of Naco, nnd a
"considerable force" only a mile and a
half west of the town, whore they are
strongly Intrenched. No fighting hns yet
been reported to the War Department.
JACK FROST MAKES
1914 DEBUT MINUS
AN ADYANCE AGENT
Sudden Cold Snap Brings
Forth a Harvest of Red
Noses, While Philadel
Jack Frot rampant, la on his way and cam
phor nils the nlr:
The colJ north wind haa broken looe with
trumpeting and blare.
The coal man comes Into his own and fans are
out of date.
The icy brecie provokes a sneeze and winter's
at the mxto.
And everywhere 'bout tho town Is heard tho
anarl of war.
While chills run up the eplnea of those who
"CLOSE THE DOOn."
The flrst real cold snap of the year
tinged the noses and stirred the blood of
Phlladclphlans this morning, while a
strong northwest wind whipped over level
stretches and skidded around corners to
the great discomfort of those unprepared
Tonight, according to the weatherman,
any pumpkin careless enough to be out
In the open air without blankets or a
blazing log fire, will get frost-bitten.
The velocity of the wind during the
night grew so great for a time that a
90-foot smoke stack at the car barn of the
Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company,
Kensington avenue and Cumberland
street, was tilted almost to an angle of
degrees. Should the stack fall only the
barn will suffer.
Stationery stores throughout the city
did n thriving business today In the sale
of "Close the door" signs. Pawnshops
also were able to reap their profits on
overcoats and furs that had been "stored"
since last winter.
From Washington comes the news that
by tonight chilly blasts will be blow
ing oer Florida and the South. In the
Middle West nnd Lake region, New Eng
land and Pennsylvania several points
reported temperatures below freezing. At
the Washington Weather Bureau an air
acuum off the Florida coast caused by
the departure of a storm to sea was
given as the cause of the sudden drop
Poor consolation to shivering Phlladel
phlans Is given by the weatherman In the
shape of a list of Jack Frost doings else
where, all far In excess of his exploits
here A snow and sleet storm nt Wll
llamsport, for Instance, fought unavnil
Ingly to curtail the energy of Colonel
Theodore Roosevelt and his party.
Chicago fired a fuslllude of dispatches
to prove Its right to Its title of "Windy
Citj," reporting snow lasting nearly all
day yesterday and a temperature of X
degrees. The coldest spot on the map,
according to the Weather Bureau reports,
was at White River Canada, where the
mercury got as low as 20 degrees above
SNOW FALLS IN MANAYUNK
Another "First Flurry" Also Re
ported in Prankford.
Two snow flurries about 2 o'clock this
morning, the first of the season, each
lasting U minutes, were reported from
different parts of the city, one at Mana
yunk and the other near Frank ford ave
nue and Orthodox street
Lieutenant Lynch, of Engine Company
No. It. was the one who saw the Frank
ford flurry. He took no chances with hla
reputation, however, and kept quiet
about it for nearly ten hours until he
found a motorman and conductor who
also said they had seen the snow flakes.
SNOW AT HAMMONTON
First Touch of Winter Attended by
Stiff North-west Wind.
HAMMONTON. N J. Oct. 27 -The
first snow of the season fell this morning
In the vicinity of Wlnslow Junction. It
wj accompanied by a stiff northwest
wind, compertlln many workers la the
brickyard to don winter clothing.
PRICE ONE CENT
ON RDM MEN
More Than $1,000,000
Assessed From Liquor
Dealers of State, in
Evidence Before His
First Rate on Beer Was Ten
Cents a Barrel; Now
Raised to Fifteen Cents.
One Distiller Pays $18 a
Day for Penrose Campaign
Dealers In Western Part of Penn
sylvania Suffer Most, and
Complaints From Those Who
Will Not Pay Form Basis of
Much of the Testimony.
More than $1,000,000 has been collected"
by the liquor interests and manufacturers
of Pennsylvania In tho attempt to return
Boles Penrose to tho Senate, according
to testimony presented to tho Senate Com
mitteo on Prlvilegc and Elections.
The greater portion of this money was
raised by direct asset-amnt upon saloon
keepers, brewers and distillers. Not a
dollar of the money has been expended
In the Brumbaugh campaign, tho entire
amount being used directly to effect tho
nomination and return of Penrose to the
Senate. A largo portion was spent In
the primary fight, but failed to b ac
counted for in tho expense items filed
by tho candidate.
Such Is the evidence gathered by In
ternal revenue collectors, backed up by
letters written by officials of the various
liquor organizations In the State and
which will be testified to by a number
of witnesses in the Senate's investigation
which would Inevitably follow a Pen
The largest contributors to the "slush
fund" have been members of the Penn
sylvania Federation of Liquor Dealers,
the Pennsylvania Brewers' Association
and the Brewers' Association of Western
Pennsylvania. That these organizations
have been collecting the largest fund ever
gathered for political purposes was the
charge made In the preliminary hearing
before the committee In Washington be
fore that body decided to postpone the
Investigation until after election.
Witnesses have been secured who will
testify that a general assessment of JIS
was made for each saloon. In several
counties the tax amounted to &0, while In
three Western counties the State and
local organizations have made as many
ao three direct assessments.
RETAILERS RAISED JiOO.OOO.
Representative A. Mitchell Palmer, can-
dldate for the Senate, and Representa-tlve-at-Large
Arthur H. Rupley, of Car
lisle, are In possession of letters writ
ten by officials of the organizations de
manding of saloonkeepers and liquor
dealers thnt they "come across" with
the Penrose contributions. These letters
were sent only to tho most trusted
friends of tho associations, as, in tho
majority of cases, the collecting agents
made personal calls, even refusing to
Representative Rupley states that It
can be proved on the stand that mora
than JWO.000 has been raised among tho
S000 retail liquor dealers in Pennsylvania.
From Washington It has been learned
that a sufficient number of witnesses
have been secured who will testify! that
to their knowledge So,ooo has been
raised by saloonkeepers
Tho brewers and distillers have also
been heavily taxed. The first rate on
beer was 10 cents a barrel. As the pri
mary election drew near the amount was
raised to 12 cents, and it is now IS cents
a barrel, according to Internal revenue
collectors from the western part of th
From all that can be ascertained no
definite schedule has been obtained re
garding tha assessments of the distillers
Their tax has been regulated according
to capacity of plant. One distiller, how
ever, has admitted to several men en
gaged In the Investigation that his dally
assessment amounts to $1S. his j.
tillery Is one o the largest In western
Pennsylvania. Three large distillers
have promised to give full details on
SALOON MEN'S PROTESTS IN EVI
DENCIJ. The majority of the letters In the pos
session of Representatives Palmer ant)
Rupley ore protests from saloonkeepers
in central and northern Pennsylvania re
garding the assessments Several of
these will be published before election.
The majority of the evidence regard
ing the "slush fund" has been obtained
In westorn Pennsylvania where the col
lecting agents hae been particularly
aciUe The largest breweries and dis
tilleries In the State are in the section
west of Harrisburg
Thoso particularly active In raisins;
none for Penrose, it is alleged, are John
lardlmr. president of the Pennsylvania.
HrVK-r- Association, and Nell Bonner,
pre-ident of the Pcnnslvanla Federation
oi i.njmir Dealers The majority of tha
collecting agents who have been interro
gated declare that the receive their or
dors direct from the men Senator Pen
rose. likewUe. has been In close touch
with the officials for many months.
Nell liunner has always been a Demo
crat, but now openly declares he la work
ing for Tenrose In the Interest of tho
liquor business. He made this statement
publicly roc-ently at the Liquor Dealtrs
Association in Atlantic City, declaring
that Penrose stood for rum and that b
must be re-elected Gardiner Is known,
as a Republican, but has bea closely
associated in politics for a number oi
)4rH with hi brother-ln-lHW H. Oofdoa
Hroualey. city ihairnidrt of the old Uuard.
Dsmocratic C'l.rnmni. r ar,d p Htlral ad
Uer A iny Soil it., Mi i J ji aTt
During the gubi rnat i ii . i , ,,,, ,,,
and Bonner wr wat i . x.
. ...t-ijl t