Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, October 27, 1914, Night Extra, Page 8, Image 10

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    mmmmmmmmmmmm
8
EVEJNitt LiliDaiiSKPHILAJEJUPHIA, TUESDAY, 00T0J3EE 27, 1914.
-I?
;I
y
N
f I
'i-i:
'",,
r
-
" !
i I M!
I Hi
If f 3(
if. f!
Queuing gHUi Wbtpv
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
emus it k. curvris, rntaintsr.
0o. XV, Och, Secretary; John C. Martin, Treasurer;
Charlts It. Ludlngton, Philip S. Collins, John B. "Wil
liam, Directors.
EDITORIAL BOARD!
Ctscs 11. K, Ci-ntts, Chairman.
P. 11. WIIALET Executive Editor
JOHNC. MARTIN Rcncral Rualnsa Manager
Published dally at Pcelic Lcmeb ItutlJInr,
Independence Square Philadelphia.
I.lDORii Cxcir1. Drond and Chestnut Streets
Atlantic Cut Prct-Unlot Building
Usw l"oK 170-A. Metropolitan Toner
CntCAOO 81T Horns lnrurnnce tlulMIng
London 8 Waterloo riaio. Pall Mall, S. V.
KCWSBUItCAUSi
HAiminicna IH-neip Th Palrtof Ttulldlnir
Wasmisiiton HinrAC The Voit Building
Nbw York lltnPAt; Tho Tlmea lluiMIng
BxaMs lli'nxvt! 0(i Frledrlfh(traoe
LoxnoM tlL'REAU 1 Pall Mall Eait. S. W.
PabH Ltcnvu .12 Hue Louis le drand
SUBSCRIPTION TERMS
By carrier. Dam.t Ovtt, six cents. By mall. rntpald
eutsldo of Philadelphia except uhere foreign pontnire
Is required. Dlll.t Osr.I, one month, twenty-fUe cents:
DAIt.T OM.T, one J ear. three dollars All mall sub
acrlptlons payable In advance
BELL, 8000 WALMJT KEYSTONE, MAIN 3000
BCT" Addtxtt all communications to Evening
Ledgir, Independence Square, Philadelphia.
XNTtitED at the Piiii.Arinj.rin rosTorncR as second-
CLASS SHU. UITTF.11.
rilllULI.rillA, TUESDAY, UCIOIIEII 37, 1911.
Frankford Will Have Its "L"
THE proposed Frankford elevated line
would coat but $6,600,000. It could be
completed within two years of tho beginning
of its construction.
It would serve directly a population of
181,400 and Indirectly it population of 29S.000.
An annual fixed charge of $422,500 would
not only meet all Interest charges, but It
would actually pay for the entire project
within 30 years. Tho city would then own,
free of all Incumbrance, a magnltlcent Income-producing
property.
Tho new lino would save tho people of tho
Frankford district about 2.000,000 hours a
year. It would save them $91,000 through
tho abolition of exchange tickets and the
grant of general free transfers.
In 12 years the assessed valuation of the
48th Ward, which Is served by the present
elevated line, increased more than 500 per
cent.
The Increase In Frankford property values
would yield an excess in taxes sufficient In
Itself to meet practically the entire fixed
annual charges of the Frankford elevated
line.
Not only, then. Is tho development feasible
and logical from the financial viewpoint,
but the necessity for tho improvement is
demonstrated dally to every person in the
section who requires transportation.
The present facilities are inadequate. The
Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company has
nchleved practically a miracle In the Im
provement of the surface service over that
which formerly drove Philadclphians to
frenzy. But the limit has been reached.
The company realizes It. That Is why it
has agreed to tho rapid transit plan out
lined by Director Taylor. The company and
tho responsible officers of the city are In
agreement that the improvement Is neces
sary. All citizens who ride are even more
convinced.
What, then, stands in the way?
First, the Union Traction Company must
accept the share which has been allotted It
In the project; secondly, Ciunclls must act.
On these two things Frankford and the
rest of the city wait, patiently but not
pathetically, for there is no power in Phila
delphia, working above or below the surface,
that can prevent the taxpayers from getting
what they want. The most that sinister In
fluences can achieve Is delay, and the fight
of the people to avoid that Is just beginning.
Is Mr. Penrose Guilty?
POI a long time it has been generally un
derstood and admitted In this city that
the Reyburn Administration was debauched
by corruption funds.
Mr. Penrose himself, it is charged, con
fessed that he personally knew of one fund
of $108,000, because he himself personally
contributed a third of It.
If the accusation Is false, Mr. Penrose has
recourse to the courts to vindicate his integ
rity. But he refuses to try to vindicate it.
He prefers to let the charge stand, unan
swered save by his unsworn denial.
Mr. Penrose by his course is managing to
convince a great many people, naturally
prejudiced In his favor, that ho is not trying
to disprove the charge for the simple reason
that he cannot.
A Nation's Uprising Against Rum
OHIO Is not the only State in which the
liquor issue is paramount today. Like Vlr-
ginias campaign against booze, Ohio's is but
an instance. California, Colorado. Indiana.
Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Oregon. Wash
ington, New Jersey and Pennsylvania are
among the other States which are engaged
In the same tremendous fight.
It Is a whole country aroused to Indigna
tion and revolt that is waging war on this
foul traffic, which debauches political life as
truly as it debauches men and wmen, boys
and girls.
Rum's alliance with dirty politics and affil
iations with crime of all sorts have been
traced by a nauseating trail, the stench of
which no one's nostrils can escape. Its men
ace to safety, efficiency and profit In manu
facturing. In railroading and In all branches
of legitimate business has been discovered.
Rum Is a political issue, a civic Issue, an
economic issue and a moral issue everywhere
In the nation.
Goltl for Iron
SACRIFICE, dignified, significant sacrifice,
there is nothing more impressive. And
of all means for spreading news of self.de.
nlal, surely Germany has hit upon tho most
novel and the most beautiful In the Iron
wedding ring. Young women married to de
parting soldiers wear an Iron band Instead of
the Immemorial gold circlet.
More moving still, the matron are giving
up their wedding rings to the melting pot of
patriotism and receiving a replica of the
same token that recorded a similar sacrifice
a century ago, when Germany fought Na
poleon at Leipzig. Again It Is the wedding
band of the commonest of metals with the
words: "For this iron I gave goli "
Those sombre circlets are an eloquent sign
of the never-slumbering patriotism of suffer
ing woman.
Penrose: The Prophet of Pessimism
WOES and walls, grief and lamentations,
disaster and disruption thse are the
. rguments of the Penrose campaign. He Is
trying t wash nut hl personal record of
..raness with a flood of crocodile tears.
K-, try srefrh he makes reads like a tale of
- devastated rrtrqtrv rostrate and ruined
Kvea the Repui-'rhwp " ' rvvners who sup
port him are sick of It. They know that It
Is not entirely true, and that tho everlasting
calamity howl for election purposes Is making
business worse nnd not better. Panic cannot
ba cured by making more panic; a depres
sion cannot be lifted by deepening the depres
sion. Tho country la awakening to the fact that
business has not gone entirely to the dogs.
The exports from New York last week were
the largest In eight months, an Increase of
$6,000,000 over the previous week and an In
crease of $3,116,769 over tho same week of
last year. Reports from Illinois Indicate
gratifying conditions, according to Samuel
Instill, of Chicago. Pottstown, In this State,
resents tho "business depression" wall, nearly
all tho mills there running on full tlmo. Pen
rose, nlready beaten on every other Issue, Is
overplaying his calamity card, nnd even tho
stnnchest protectionists nro resenting his lino
of campaign, because It Is bringing 111 results
to their business.
Insubordination in Varclown
SOUTH PHILADELPHIA Is the Varo
stronghold, but It Is nlso a citadel of
rum. The Vnres themselves, deluded nnd
betrayed, nre ready enough, politicians think,
to knife Penrose. It would be tho loglcat
thing for them to do It Is tho one method
they havo of hitting back, and It Is the
one thing that Penrose dreads. That Is,
ho did dread It until reports began to come
In that rum was stronger than tho Varcs
even In Varetown. The orders have gone
out from the rum Interests to vote for Pen
rose, nnd the Varcs cannot countermand
them with nny hope of obedience. They
have been caught In a trnp, The legions
In South Philadelphia are for the Vares
first, last and nil time, provided tho Vares
and rum are fighting on the samo side.
Finger of Destiny
s
AYS Collier's Weekly:
Buenos Aires has long had the most beau
tiful street In America, the finest theatre nnd
the best caulDDod newspaper nlant. We havo
been reconciled to these things. But how does
Philadelphia like tho fact that the pride of Ar
gentina now leads her In population rnnklng
after New York and Chicago? Forty-five yoarB
ago, when the first census was tnkon, Buenos
Aires hnd n population of 177,000. Today the
population numbers ten timed that. Wo sus
pect It Is the announcement that the Argentine
capital Is to have another subway that will sur
prise Phlladelphlans most of all.
It will surprise some Philadclphians oven
more when they comprehend that Philadel
phia Is to have an additional subway-elovated
system that will make its transit son'lcc the
most satisfactory In America.
They Stand for Brumbaugh
WELL-KNOWN clergymen and laymen
conspicuous for their interest In public
morals indorse Doctor Brumbaugh for Gov
ernor. These men are under no illusions nnd
nro not capable of being deceived by subter
fuge; they have known Doctor Brumbaugh
long and Intimately; they nre one and all op
posed to the alliance of liquor and politics.
Their stand is dictated only by the very high
est motives.
By sophistry, implication nnd Innuendo,
Doctor Brumbaugh's antagonists have tried
to link him with the liquor Interests. Surely
30 years of unselfish and unimpeachable pub
lic service should make a man's explicit
pledge beyond all possibility of doubt.
Doctor Brumbaugh's covenant with the
people Is so plain that It cannot be misunder
stood by any one, unless that person wishes
to distort the truth: "The problem of the
liquor traffic Is a vital one facing the people
and the Legislature today. In hnrmony with
many thoughtful persons, I submit that local
option Is a practical solution. Any legislative
measure looking to an Improvement of the
conditions regulating this traffic will receive
my approval."
War's " Silly Season"
THERE comes a silly season In war even as
In ordinary life. Sooner or later the cor
respondents get "fed up" on battle a la cen
sor, and turn their pens to less controversial
and more relaxing matters. The results are
almost as bad as those exercises In Imagina
tion which tho English Press Bureau calls
news.
Badgered and bullyragged war corre
spondents may get desperate enough to cable
accounts of the patriotic French bull that
attacked and slew eighteen Uhlans In the
neighborhood of ; hut why should
compositors and readers waste their time
over it? It may he due to a spirit of thank
fulness for not having to read such letters as
Indignant Englishmen write to the London
Times over the Iniquity of pay'-ig cash Into
German pockets via "Tho Chocolate Soldier"
and Its composer A little news and a little
dignity are a welcome addition to any war.
Little Journeys for a Dime
EVERY day It becomes more difficult to de
splse the movies. When they are bad
they are horrid, but when they are good they
are very, very good. Lately the announce
ment has been made that the panoramic
movies have been brought a long way nearer
perfection. The panoramic picture Is pro
jected on the walls of a large circular hall,
and thus it places the spectator right In the
midst of a given event or scene. He stands
on shipboard and looks about in all directions,
or he watches the progress of a football game
in all parts of the field by merely turning his
head. The movies hitherto have served pretty
well as substitutes for travel for thousands
of people, but what delightful Journeys the
future holds In store.
Buy a keg of beer and help the Penrose
movement.
The trade winds are blowing toward the
United States,
The weather, at any rate, can't be branded
"Made In Philadelphia." The suspicion rests
on Chicago, which enjoyed a little seasonal
snowstorm last night.
An article In a current magazine Is on "The
Diminishing Population of France," the Ger
man army, we suppose, being given credit
for a large part of the diminution.
"Elliott requests the public to aid New
Haven road" explain those reckless devotees
of truth, the headline writers. There has
Ojeen a sort of Impression abroad that some
thing of the kind had already occurred.
While Mr. Schwab makes special prepara
tions to manufacture fuses and shells, we
all go on talking of the wicked war In
Europe and Its probable effect on American
prosperity.
It takes no powers of divination to guess
the particular slant of the "abusive re
marks" which are said to have caused a
Philadelphia dentist to shoot a client In his
anteroom. No, Indeed, for the dentist hap-
I pens to be named Silas G. Hertz.
CAPITAL GOSSIP
Government by Newspapermen Appeals to the Administration Editors
Hold Fat Offices in Washington Lure of Place Often Confuses Set
tled Convictions The Men nnd Their Jobs.
Sptcial TFojMkcIc Oorretpondtnct.
THERE has been no end of talk about Gov
ernment by Commission, Government by
Injunction, Government by Classes. A few
years ago lawyers were Under the popular
ban and much criticised by certain news
papers because they could not be trusted
Bafely with the making of the laws. It was
nil the stylo among writers and speakers to
discredit them; but they are coming back,
and with them there are coming also a large
number of nowspaper folk, who are playing
now a remarkable part In the affairs of tho
Government. It was Thomas Jefferson who
said that If ho were compelled to havo gov
ernment with newspapers or government
without newspapers, ho would choose gov
ernment with newspapers nnd let It go at
that, or something Ilko that. Mr. Wilson
socms to have caught tho true Jeffersonlan
spirit on this subject, as ho has called Into
his service a larger number of editors nnd
correspondents than any other President In
tho history of tho country.
In Cabinet and Office
IN HIS Cabinet there are two representa
tives of the Fourth Estate William Jen
nings Bryan, editor of the Commoner, nnd
his First Lord of tho Admiralty, Josephus
Daniels, editor of tho Raleigh Ncwb and
Observer.
Walter II. Page, long time Journalist nnd
editor of tho World's Work, Is his Ambassa
dor to the Court of St. James, Thomas Nel
son Page, who made his first money writing
for a Virginia newspaper and who Is tho
author of many books, is his Ambassador to
Italy. H. M. PIndcll, owner and editor of
tho Peoria (Illinois) Journal, was selected
by him to represent the United States at tha
Russian Court.
Pleasant A. Stovell, editor of tho Savannah
Press, Is his Minister to Switzerland. Wil
liam E. Gonzales, editor of the Columbia
State, is his Minister to Cuba.
Richard L. Metcalfe, managing editor of
Mr. Bryan's paper, tho Commoner, was ap
pointed one of the Pannma Isthmian Com
missioners and designated head of the De
partment of Civil Administration.
C. M. Galloway, who served for years on
tho Columbia Stnte, was appointed Civil
Service Commissioner.
William Bayard Hale, for a time connected
with tho Philadelphia press, was entrusted
with an Important mission to Mexico during
the revolution against Hucrtn.
Byron R. Newton, an old Sun man, Is
Assistant Secretary of tho Treasury.
John Skelton Williams, Comptroller of tho
Currency, was the owner at one tlmo of two
newspapers In Richmond, Virginia.
Robert W. Woollcy, formerly of the New
York World, Is the auditor for the Interior
In the Treasury Department.
George R. Cooksey, formerly of the Asso'
elated Press, Is tho private secretary of the
Secretary of the Treasury.
John T. Suter, of the Chicago Record
Herald, was nppolntcd private secretary of
the Attorney General.
In Congress
THERE aro other places In the public serv
ice that have been filled by newspaper
men since the New Freedom, and there are
men enough left among the unattached Jour
nalists doubtless to take whatever other Jobs
may be offered "Just to holp out the Admin
istration." In the Senate and House tho profession of
journalism has not been neglected by the
people. Senator Ashurst, of Arizona, served
his apprenticeship as a newspaper reporter.
Representative Renting, from the same State,
Is set down In the official record as "a news
paper man."
Thomas Lawrence Rellly, of tho 3d Con
necticut District, "engaged In the newspaper
business for 30 years."
Senator Hoke Smith, of Georgia, was the
founder of the Atlanta Journal.
Congressman James II. Brady, of Idaho,
"edited a newspaper two years."
Congressman Clyde H. Tavenner, of Illi
nois, has been doing newspaper work of one
CURIOSITY SHOP
Caesar's "I came; I saw; I conquered" had
many Imitators. John Sobleskl announced
his victory over the Moslems In 1681 In a
dispatch to the Pope: "Je suls venu, J'al vu,
DIeu a vaincu" (I came; I saw; God con
quered). Cardinal Richelieu approved a
book dedicated to him, with: "Acclpl, legl,
probavl" (I have received, road, approved).
In former days Presbyterian ministers had
a blue apron which they threw over their
preaching tubs. In "Hudlbras" Is an allu
sion: 'When I a tub did view,
Hung with an apron blue;
'Twas the preacher's, I conjecture."
The present Triple Alliance was preceded
by two others; the first, that of 1688 between
England, Sweden and tho United Provinces
to thwart the ambitions of Louis XIV of
France; the second, In 1718, between England,
the United Provinces and the Duke of Or
leans, regent of France, to hinder the
Bt'hemes of Spain.
Alfred's scholars were a group of learned
men who flourished during the reign of Al
fred the Great. They were Grlmbald, French;
Asser, Welsh; Plegmund, Ethelstan und
Werwulf. three Mercian priests, and Wer
frlth, Bishop of Worcester.
Siglsmund, Emperor of Germany. 1367-1437,
at the council of Constance in 1414, defended
himself against some solecism by saying: "I
am king of the Romans and above grammar."
He waH ever after known as "Super-Gram-maticam."
"Not worth a straw." This expression is
supposed to be the modern translation of a
much older one, "not worth a rush."' The
rush plant was formerly used, as straw now
is, In place of carpets. Before carpets
were used the floors were strewn with
rushes. Distinguished guests. It Is said,
had clean, fresh rushes, but those of Inferior
grade had either the rushes that had been
used already by their superiors or none at all.
In Welsh mythology, the souls which were
not good enough for heaven and too good for
hell were permitted to wander on earth until
Judgment day. They were called "ellyllon."
EXPERIENCE
I havo known sorrow, therefore now I know
The worth of laughter. I have been betrayed,
Tried In the crucible, utterly dismayed:
Henceforth with Truth forever let me go.
I have known men wh poured on me their
hate;
How closely now I cleave unto one friend;
I have heard scandal; therefore I defend
The absent, when foul vultures desecrate.
I have been blind to goodress; now I see
The glory of her name all names above.
I have known Judas; therefore give me love
One hour, and I win fare eternity,
Charles Uaosc-n Tint), la M-rn-j Msjuiln.
sort and nnothcr since he was 13 years old
he Is now 32.
Congressman Louis FItzhenry, of Illinois,
"entered journalism at an early ngo and
has had considerable experience both In the
business nnd editorial departments."
Henry A. Barnhart, of tho 13th Indiana
District, Is the owner of tho Rochester Sontl
nol. Benator Brlstow, of Kansas, has been In
tho business for 24 years, oft and on, owning
during this tlmo three Republican newspa
pers, one of which, tho Sallna Dally Journal,
he still possesses.
Daniel Read Anthony, of tho 1st Kansas
District, "has been engaged In nowspapor
work nil his life."
John R. Connolly, of tho 6th Kansas Dis
trict, owns nnd edits tho Colby Freo Press.
Viotor Murdock, of tho 8th Kansas District,
began tho printer's trade when ho was ten
years old, was a reporter at 15, was manag
ing editor of tho Wichita Dally Englo 20
years ngo, and Is now serving his fifth term
In Congress, with tho expectation on tho
part of his opponents that it will bo his
last.
Senator Burleigh, of Maine, Is tho publisher
of tho Kennebec Journal.
Samuel W. Beakes, of Michigan, was en
gaged In publishing and editing newspapers
for about 25 years.
Senator Vnrdnman, of Mississippi, Is tho
owner and editor of the Greenwood Enter
prise. Speaker Chomp Clark edited a country
newspaper when ho was young.
Richard Bartholdt, of Missouri, Is a printer
by trade nnd has been a newspaper man
practically all his life.
Tom Stout, of Montana, Is the editor and
publisher of tho Fergus County Democrat.
Senator Hitchcock, of Nebraska, is tho pub
lisher of tho Omaha World-Herald.
Senator Galllnger, of New Hampshire,
"was a printer In early life."
Pennsylvania Newspaper Men
SENATOR OLIVER, of Pennsylvania, has
been engaged In tho newspaper business
for 14 years nnd Is the principal owner of
the Pittsburgh Gazette-Times and Chronicle
Telegraph. Anderson H. Walters, of Pennsylvania, Is
the editor and publisher of the Johnstown
Tribune.
J. Hampton Moore, of the 3d Philadelphia
District, was at ono time employed on tho
Public LenaeR.
John R. Farr, of Pennsylvania, has been
newsboy, printer and publisher.
. Warren W. Bailey learned the printing
trade, has been engaged In tho publishing
business since 1877 nnd Is now the editor and
publisher of the Johnstown Dally Democrat.
Wooda N. Carr, of the 23d Pennsylvania
District, was editor of tho Unlontown Demo
crat. Senator La Follette, of Wisconsin, owns
and edits a newspaper.
And Lulz M. Rivera, Territorial Delegate
from Porto Rico, founded La Democracia, a
dally newspaper, at Ponce, In 1889, for the
purpose of opposing the Spanish colonial
regime, and his paper still lives.
Luro of Place
w
ITH all of this talent the cause of good
government should be greatly advanced;
but there Is not very much to show for It
so far. Possibly, the nowspaper men know
bettor how It should be done than how to
do It; there is big difference between being
in and looking out and being out and looking
In. The greatest achievement of tho Jour
nalists In Congress during the session Just
adjourned was that of Carter Glass, of Vir
ginia, who piloted tho banking and currency
bill through the rough weather It encoun
tered In the House. There Is an opinion
among Bomo of tho older newspaper men that
newspaper men have no business In public
office, If they aro to feel free to give good
counsel on public questions. But the lure of
Place confuses settled convictions.
RANDALL.
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
Mr. Perkins makes one observation which will
provoke no Intelligent dissent: "Talk about tho
Stock Exchange not being a necessity because
we have got along for a couple of months with
out It, Is sheer nonsense." Quite right. As a
matter of fact, the country Is not getting alone
at all without the facilities which the Stock
Kxchntiitfc uppllcs, and Is not going to get along
until the processes by which business enter
prise Is financed have the use of the Stock Ex
change machinery. .Vew York Sun.
The Issue raised by Representative Gardner,
of Massachusetts In his rcholution of Investiga
tion, Is not one of militarism or anti-mllltarlsm.
It Is one of self-protection. Kaiih.th City Stur.
There Is one achievement of which Secretary
Daniels may well be proud the Introduction
of competitive bidding in tho Navy Depart
ment. From the beginning of his service in
the Cabinet, Mr. Danltds has endeavored to
obtain navy supplies at more reasonable fig
ures, and he has succeeded. Indianapolis
News.
There Is a decided public sentiment against
stopping the war In Europe by mediation or
concession Just now. An opinion largely pre
vails that the bent thing is to fight it out, and
thus preclude from the settlement those telflsh
conditions that provoked the war. The people
generally would like to see overwhelmed in thla
war the military power and control that domi
nates the world. Ohio State Journal.
Mr. WiUon has been the Administration to a
greater degree than any recent President has
dominated affairs during his tenure of office.
What Congress has accomplished lius been
done by his advice and assistance and some.
tlm at h'a Insistence. Congress has not always
been willing, but Congress lias had the good
tense to perform its task Hartford Post.
HUM OF HUMAN CITIES
Suffrage Is a campaign Issue this fall In a
number of States. Other cities besides
Philadelphia see "Flying Squadrons." Among
them all one of the most popular arguments
is based on no less a document than tho new
volume Just published by the Government In
connection with the 13th census.
There are many interesting angles de.
veloped In that book besides the entrance of
woman Into the more obviously feminine em
ployments of laundresses and stenographers.
It gives some statistics which go to show
that the American who boasts that In his
country women do not perform the manual
labor which is expected of them In Europe is
not so well Informed as he might be. We
have not reached the point where farmers
find It expedient to hitch the wife and the
mule to a plow, and the trend of our eco
nomic development does not show that we
are likely to descend so low during the life
time of the present generation, but there is
an Increasing disposition to employ women
In occupations generally regarded as too
strenuous for tho average woman. Thirty
one women are said to follow the trade of
the blacksmith, which is surely among tra
occupations which men believe require an
extraordinary amount of muscular strength.
There aro 15 bricklayers; and In the iron
and steel industries several thousand women
aro classed as laborers,
Tho great majority of tho 8,000,000 cm
ployed in gainful occupations perform work
which requires quickness of mind and fingers
rather than mere strength. All told, tho
women workers comprlso about 25 per cent,
of nil tho porsons who nro following gainful
occupations, and this excludes women who
wont at tno trade of being a mother ana
keeping house.
On tho basis of this report, says nn edi
torial In tho Indianapolis Nows, It Is calcu
lated that ono woman out of overy four Is
working for money. That most of them work
outside their homo, nnd Under conditions Im
posed on them by Interests which often havo
more regard for their earning power than
their health, Is quite certain. The vitality of
tho nation is locked up In tho women. Thoy
are tho mothers of a largo part of the next
generation. Thoy nre, In fact, a national ro
sourcc, besldo which minerals nnd timber nnd
water power aro Insignificant. Yet many of
them work long hours under poor sanitary
conditions, undermining their constitutions
and sapping tho strength which It should bo
V10, woman's right to give to her progeny.
And tho working woman Is not to blnme, for
she has no remedial power she merely ac
copts tho condition for hotter or for worse
and bends to her task.
THE PRESS ON PENROSEISM
Public Opinion of Nnlion Demands That Penn
sylvania Overthrow the Pernicious System.
From the Now Tork Tribune (Itcp.).
Tho Republicans of Pennsylvania have nn
opportunity this year to do a great Bervlco
to tho Republican party of tho nation. Thoy
can help to restore the confidence of the Re
publicans of other States In tho vitality and
usefulness of tho national organization and Its
capacity to rid Itself of tho corrupting and de
basing elements which have fastened upon It
AMien such elements got control of the party
machinery nnd use It to dishonor Republican
traditions It Is no tlmo to bow down blindly to
the convention of party regularity. The loyalty
of good Republicans Is shamefully abused by
self-seeking bosses like Boles Penrose, who try
to bind good men to work for evil and clean
men to work for corruption. There should bo
no question of technical party regularity when
the Ideals of Republicanism aro being profaned
nnd Its good namo Is being stolen by men who
uso their Republicanism only as a cloak to
cover their own schemes of spoliation.
Palmer the Man
From the New York Evening Tost (Ind.).
Although tho Pennsylvania Progressives nro
maintaining that a vote for Palmer Is a voto for
Penrose, nnd thoso of Illinois that a voto for
Sherman Is a vote for Sullivan, the Independ
ents In these States will be well advised to voto
for the old party opponents of tho two bosses.
They Inevitably have the best chance of win
ning. Duty of Republican Voters
From the Ohio Stato Journal (Hep.).
Penrose Is the boss of Pennsylvania's corrupt
Republican machine. Sullivan Is tho Penroso
of Illinois Democracy. Oalllnger Is the Penroso
and Sullivan of New Hampshire. These must
be elected or beaten by direct voto of the peo
ple. In each case tho objcctlonablo candidate
can bo beaten only by opposition from members
of his own party. Illinois, with tho Progresslvo
party in tho flold, is normally Democratic this
year. Pennsylvania and New Hampshire are
normally Republican. Democrats must voto
ngnlnst Sullivan nnd Republicans against Pen
roso nnd Oalllnger If these worthies aro to bo
elected to tho private llfo which thoy deserve.
A Humorless Joke
From the Ttonlon Trancrlpt (Rep.).
The times havo passed Senntor Penroso by.
Ho Is one of the lingering hindrances that keep
Republicans out of their own. So long as tho
country cannot havo tho benefits of Republi
can direction without Republican evils along
with It, Republicans may expect to fare Indif
ferently. Mr. Whitman, of Now York, has been
telling tho Republicans of his State somo
wholesome truths of late. Ills message Is sim
ple. Ho merely wants Republicans to serve tho
common weal. Senntor Penroso belongs to the
old group who want Republicans to servo Pen
rose. We nil know that, nnd dislike It all of
us except Senator Penrose's majority In Penn
sylvania. Whitman and the now Republicans
regard themselves us the property of tho coun
try. Senntor Penrose, who has always reversed
that belief. Is not to tho prevailing popular
taste. The prevailing taste Is not for rule,
even by Republicans; it Is for service. And
there will bo no chance for Republicans to
offer themselves In service so long ns tho Pen
roso group remain to mnke a Joke of their
sincerity.
Penrose Menaces Protection
Trom the TlurllnRton (Vt.) Freo Press (Rep.).
The protectionists of tho United States are
beginning to realize thnt we must elim
inate ns our recognized mouthpieces and public
representatives men who havo helped to Im
peril both protection and Republicanism by
causing these names to stnnd for what tho
great mass of the people do not want.
Everybody well Informed regards Penroselsm In
Philadelphia the bnine ns Tnmmnny Hall In
New York. Wherens tho way for a political
party to becuro the support of tho present gen
eration of Americans ns a whole Is to deserve
support by clean politics, square dealing and
thorough fealty to sterling principles.
Trying to Redeem a State
From the New York Times (Inil. Dem.),
Tho greatest Interest centres In Pennsylva
nia, where Holes Penrose, tho engineer of tho
old Quay machine, is running for ro-election.
There Is n revolt against him, nn effort to re
deem tho Stato fiom the reproach of being tho
last groat Stato In the Union represented In the
Senate by a boss, but It Is divided between two
candidate, Palmer and Plnchot.
Independence in Politics
From the FprlnRfleld Republican OnJ.).
The Ledger Is ngnlnst Penrose, and tho
Prets calls Itu stand "Democratic." All this
beems like a hnikback to old dnys In Pennsyl
vania politics when few dared to be Independent
In politics.
Rough on Pcnnsvlvama
From the New York Telegram (Ind.).
In the value of the snnd produced, although
not In the quantity, Pennsylvania ranks first,
tho precedence In value being due to the high
value of the glass sand compared to other kinds.
Maybe the tand In her soil accounts for the
grit In her btatesmen. Something remarkable
from the days of the Quaker who gave his
name to the Commonwealth down through the
period of Mr. Quay to the Penroses and Flinns
of our own time.
Conspicuously Discredited
From Collier's Weekly (Prog.).
If Pennsjlvaiila re-elects Senator Penrose
next month, It will be hard to believe that there
is much of the spirit of regeneration In that
State. Next to Cannon nnd McKlnley, who nre
running for Congress In Illinois, Pemoso Is the
most conspicuous of the old discredited leaders
of the Republican party who ure now offering
n conspicuous target to the discriminating
voter. Penrose is not merely reactionary. In
the prebent mood of public opinion, with the
unaccustomed economic conditions which we
face, the Republican voters of Pennsylvania
might bo forgiven for standing pat. Rut Pen
roso has perpetuated in Pennsylvania, ever
since Quay died, probably the most odious po
litlcal machine in the United States. Aside
from any political or economic Issue, this ma
chine, with Ub booze affiliations, creates a moral
Issue which no sincere voter can dodge.
Approaching the Caudine Fork
From the Columbia State (Dem.).
The Hon. Boles Penrose is waging a des
perate right for his political life in Pennsylva
nia, that has been a reliably Republican com
munity ilnco 1866, though occasionally In off
ears the people rose and rebuked the bosses
the Camerons, Quay nnd Penrose. Since the
advent of the Republican party In 1S51, with
short interregnums, the old Keystone State has
been ruled by bosses. Old Simon Cameron held
the primacy many ears ago and transmitted
It to his son, Don Cameron, who was shoved
aside by Matt Quay, whom he had created
Quay discovered Penrose, and the latter has
been boss ulnce Quay's death. Wallace retired
from the Senate In 1S81, since when the Cam-eron-Quay-PenroBe
machine has run tha old
Keystone State like the widow kept tavern, but
tidings from Pennsylvania are to the effect that
Boss Penrose wJU reach the Caudine Forks In
November. Let us hope o.
SCRAPPLE
To De Accurate
"Is your friend an American?"
"No, he's a Now Yorker."
Tito Daily Argument
Tho snow that fills with sheer delight
Hor son, tho mother rues,
Each day she has a fight to make
Him wear his overshoes.
The Idol Shattered
Tho lltcral-mlndcd foreigner who had been
touring tho United States for weeks breathed
a sign of relief as he stopped oft tho train In
uumuii. .tim auuu yuj wrumuea in smiles
as he walked up to a ragged, dirty urchin
and said!
"My llttto man, I -wish to ascertain the
location of tho beat hostelry In your mu
nicipality, and also I shall consider It an
eleemosynary action on your part If you will
furnish mo with Instructions as to the most
expeditious method of reaching It."
"G'wan," said tho boy, "Yuh gotta mouth
full of teath. Ask uh cop." ,
Yprcs of Battles
Now, further to confuse and trip us
Como dally fights along tho Ypres.
With howitzers and roving snipers
Thero must bo carnago on tho Ypres.
No doubt tho conflicts thero nro zippers,
Alonrr tho onc-tlmo placid Yprcs.
Then thero aro clashes 'tween tho Kaiser
And allied armies on tho Yscr,
Somo quite Important, others lesser
Aro taking place along tho Yscr.
A big gun ronrs, a shell doth kiss her;
She roars no moro along tho Yscr,
Oh, Of Course
"Theeo politicians always throw dust Into
tho eyes of tho people."
"Yes, they do mako sweeping promises."
The Remedy
Gladys I can't get a moment to myself,
Charlie Insists on calling every day and I
don't sco how I'll find tlmo to keep up my
slumming.
Yvonne Marry him, my dear.
Milady Talked
Milady talked of everything
As ovor hill and dalo we walkod;
I had proparod of love to sing,
But all my tender thoughts took wing'
Milady talked.
Milady spoke of this and that,
And when I would her ear Invoke
Sho mado mo feel extremely flat;
Tho cost of living was her chat;
Milady spoke.
Milady chattered of her dad;
I knew then It hnd never mattered;
Sho told of losing all ho had;
My love grow cold, I felt less sad;
Milady chattered.
Milady cost me quite a sum.
Into the discard It Is tossed;
To buy her Jewels I was dumb,
Ere finding out but sho was mum;
Milady cost.
Milady lost mo on that walk;
Alaa! that love should meet a frost
I had no wealth, I had to balk;
And she, although I tried, would talk;
Milady lost.
Milady left, and strange to say,
I did not feel at all bereft;
But blithely went upon my way
And wondered how tho debts to pay
Milady left.
The Gift Kind
"This is ono of Brown's cigars. I don't
see how ho can smoko stuff llko this."
"He doesn't,"
Correcting an Error
The special meeting of the Married Ladles'
Society for the Better Control and Guidance
of Husbands was In session.
"My husband formed the habit of spend
ing three nights a week at tho club," said
the weeping member, "nnd I threatened him
with a divorce suit. Now he goes to the
"Your strategy was at fault," remarked
tho chair, consolingly, "hut the error Is easily
mended. Toll him ho has saved you the
trouble of a suit and you will not act so long
as he stays away from home."
Sonnet to a Queen
Morose and drear my lot In life. O Queen,
Since In tho moment's brutal Idiom I
Discarded you; nlaa! I can but sigh
And vainly wish that I could havo foreseen
This aftermath of troublous days, and lean.
These knocks of fato that grow and multi
ply As evil harvesters who fight nnd vie
Each with tho other my poor life to glean.
And that In sullen bitterness I rue
The day I cast you down with little
thought.
Does not avail to stem misfortune's rush;
But ah, that I had tint discarded you;
The days with golden happiness were
fraught
Had I, retaining you, drawn to tho flush.
Real Ability
"He is an expert salesman."
"What? Do you mean to say he has
stopped writing poetry V"
"No; but the magazines are taking it."
Too Nice
There Is a man we think Is too
Fnstldlously nice;
He thinks 'twould never, never do
To weur the same shirt twice.
Sold
The visitor had boon touring Brooklyn.
"I notice little signs In front of tho newly
built homes, rending 'Sold,'" he said. "Is
that the way the builders boast of their sales
here?"
"Our hullders are great Jokers," replied
the native who had Just bought one, ' tha
sign refers to tho purchaser."
THE BABBLING FOOL
I have little faith In the politician. No
self-respecting man will announce himself as
a candidate for an office and then go out anu
try to make people believe that he Is fit for
the place.
Whenever a man runs around the country
exploiting his own value, it Is a sign that ho
ought not to get tho office. The man who is
In politics for his own sake should be klcKea
out for tho sake of the public.
Reform is tho paint-pot of politics. It Is
the great American pastime. When a man
has nothing elso to do he can start out to
reform Bomebody. Reform Is as fascinating
as wasteful. What comes of It? Golden
conduct is not made out of paper Instincts.
I have a profound contempt for tho political
Pharisees who mako broad their phylacteries
and say what they do not mean. Up ana
down the land they go, followed by parasites
who, too. would be politicians. And this is
called the rule of the people.
"Nature red In tooth and claw" Is the
oldest of all warriors. A thunderstorm Is a
battlefield and an earthquake, a submarine
doing Its deadly work. The dog will chase
the cat and, except In menageries, the lion
eats the lamb. War Is a profitable and to
most men an agreeable form of exercise a
football gamo played in earnest. Every nor
mal man Is a fighter. The Instinct is In his
blood. Peace will come when blood is
changed to water.
It would be a calamity to stop fighting.
What a monotonous world this would be U
babies played with rattlesnakes and tho po'
loved the rich. What a disappointment
the deer no longer ran from the hounds, ana
the meek should Inherit the earth. How im
poverished were life If the English loved the
Germans and rifles Bhould be turned Into
carwheels. Non-resistance Is the doctrine ci
the slave. What's the use preaching peace
to fighting cocks or truth to lunatics!
The man with rd blood is his veins win
strike back. Nature always docs.