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GERMAN RESERVES CHARGE AS
ALLIES FIGHT WAY TO S E A
tontlnnrd from rge One
irinofflcial reports, the Germans have
secured a foothold on the const, at
Blankenberghe, about 12 miles cast of
fOstend. German cavalry In utrong
numbers Is reported from that district.
The 3tth day of this record shatter-
Jn engagement finds the battle front
nearly 300 miles long and still the main
lines of-both armies remain Intact.
The Germans are pushing -1th fever
!sh energy every advantage gained nt
''Antwerp. They are throwing Into the
field 'every element of force at the com
'mand of tho German General Staff.
The Invaders are reported to be rush
ing 90,000 Landwehr resorvlsts to tho
-.Western front, but these citizen sol-
'dlers, who have been hastily equipped,
.'lack the fighting qualities of the first
UHLANS IN SIGHT AS LAST
: SHIP SAILS FROM OSTEND
LONDON, Oct. 16.
While there Is no official Information
regarding the situation In Belgium. It
Is generally accepted that the Germans
lhave occupied Ostend. When the last
rboat left there yesterday the advance
guard of the Uhlans was already In
sight. Communication has been Inter
rupted, which would Indicate that tho
Germans arc In the coast city.
" Sleanwhlle It is reported here that
Jheavy rain Is again falling over the
entire Belgian-French theatre of war.
This of itself naturally will slow up
'operations of the Allies, who avoided
the German circling movement, Inas
much as the roads have become diffi
cult for travel In their terribly torn-up
condition and the trenches filled with
The Gefmans now are attempting a
.new general advance. Advices from
.the front confirm the earlier reports
rthat- heavy reinforcements are being
sent through Alx-la-Chapelle. It is
accepted here that these troops com
prise the first line of the new army, as
.it was reported about ready to take
' It is believed that the reinforcements
will be required to hold the German
positions. All of the Information ob
tainable Indicates that there have been
material changes In the general battle
line as the result of gains by the Allies
during the last few days.
, Germany plans to mount her new
est and" greatest guns alone the Bel
RETREATS FOR STRATEGIC
REASONS, STATES BERLIN
BERLIN, Oct. 16, They are expected to compile a list of
In an official statement Issued by the stores taken nnd also to make pub-
the German General Staff today, the lie the contents of certain documents
entire situation, both in the eastern , captured which throw great light on
and -western theatres of war. Is de- i
scribed as excellent. So far as the
situation In France Is concerned, It Is
stated that at no point have the
French succeeded in making any Im
Where the French have gained
ground. It is stated to be at points
where for strategical reasons the Ger
mans have withdrawn. This was es
pecially the case where trenches were
abandoned for sanitary reasons and
because they could not be drained.
Doctor von Bethmann-Holweg, the
Imperial Chancellor of the Cabinet,
with a, number of the members of the
Cabinet, are now In Antwerp arranging
details for the government of the city.
i BACK FROM OUTER
WORKS AT WARSAW
Within Seven Miles of the
City Fresh Russian Offen
sive Drives Invaders to
Their Bases at Lodz and
PETROGRAD. Oct. I.
The Germans have been checked In their
advance on Warsaw and In Russian Po
land, It was ofllciaJly announced today. It
was also stated that the campaign against
the Austrlans In Galicia, and the efforts
to take the Austrian stronghold at
Pnemysl are meeting wnn continued
"After having advanced te within etven
miles of Warsaw," says the statement.
"the Germans were repulsed and driven
back. They are now 30 miles from the
city and heavy fighting Is going on with
the advantage In our favor.
"The fighting was most severe for two
day. The Germans were cut In two,
and retired to a line from Lodi to Pet
trokow to Kielce.
"The Russian troops are advancing
steadily and all along tht battle line
'our troops have again taken the offens
ive with every advantage In our favor.
'The German loss was heavy, many
being killed and wounded, and we htsjnp
taken 10,000 prisoners."
(This report of Russian victory directly
contradicts statements Isaued In Berlin
that the German advance Into Russian
Poland Is meeting with steady success
and that the Russians were, falling back
.before, the German advance. suffering
cvvro iveaca iu iuc rcircavi
line soldiers, and their chief use prob
ably will be the guarding of railway
lines and prisoners.
The chief evidence of the Allies' suc
cess In the last four days has been the
Increased number of prisoners from
the North. The British and French
are said to have tnken nearly 50,000
captives this week, most of whom are
In very bad condition.
Uoth General Joffre and Field Mar
shal Sir John French report that the
losses of the Allies In prisoners Is
A mystery has developed regarding
the llelglan army. No one In authority
seems to know just where It Is. At
Inst reports It was cither In Ostend or
wns making Its way westward from
Ostend toward the sheltering wing of
General d'Amnde's forces.
gian scacoast. "WMth them the Kalpcr
hopes to force tho British fleet to stay
far off shore. These guns already aro
mounted on trains that wait Inside the
Belgian border. They are ready on
signal to be rushed to Ostend and other
seacoast cities where, If past perform
ances are any guide, the concrete bases
on which they are to be set are con
structed. But at the Admiralty It is declared
that If the Germans take Ostend or any
of the other Channel ports they will
find It Impossible to hold tho cities or
to mount their guns. Already tho Brit
ish warships are established at ren
dezvous where they can strike at n
couple of hours' notlco. The British
airmen have kept the General Staff
posted on every new development by
tho Germans. They have given timely
warning of every movement of German
troops to reinforce their line, and It
was due to their excellent work that
the British-Belgian forces were able to
escape from Antwerp. They will be
depended on to locate these guns and
to furnish tho range, so that It will be
Impossible for the Germans to mount
Meanwhile there Is less apprehension
here today over an Invasion of Eng
land by the Germans than was In evi
dence earlier In the week. The various
newspapers bitterly rebuke the Times'
military expert for his suggestions, and
afllrm their belief that tho fleet will
continue to furnish adequate protec
tion to the English coast.
Belgium s attitude In the war.
The War Ofllce statement in dis
cussing the operations on the eastern
frontier, declares that at every point
where the Russians essayed the In
vasion of East Prussia they were re
pulsed with enormous losses.
The claim of the Russian General
Staff that the Russians have captured
German artillery is described ns a "lu
dicrous falsehood." At no point, It Is
stated, has Russia been able to main
tain the offensive, but Is forced to rely
on the defensive.
Heavy reinforcements are being sent
to the front. One report estimates the
number of troops between 300,000 nnd
U S. TO PAY LEE'S WIDOW
Comptroller Decides That Former
Disloyalty Does Not Invalidate
WASHINGTON, Oct. 16-Mrs. Ellen
Bernard I.ee, widow of Brigadier General
Fltzhugh Lee, will receive the H2S.58 lon
gevity pay clue her husband, despite the , answer was given out by the War Office
fact that he fought In tho Civil War as an ,odu. .
officer In the army of the Confederate I . . , . .
States, according to a decision by Comp- "n ,he afternoon of October 3 the
troller of the Treasury Downey today. commander of the fortress at Przomysl
Dfbplte the contention that Mrs, I.ee ' received through a messenger bearing a
was not entitled to draw money due a I white flag a request to surrender at once
former rebel, the Comptroller decided i "to prevent useless slaughter.' The de
that the Revised Statutes permit her to i mand was signed by General Dimltrleff,
draw the money, because General Le j the Bulgarian general, who Is leading
served In the Spanish War volunteer the Russian army that moved Against
army In 18SS. Przemysl.
The decision also holds that the point "The commandant of the fortress re
that Mrs. Lee was herself disloyal to the fused to dignify the demand with lh
Union is unsound, because dlslojalty lengthy reply. He rejected It with a
cannot legally be imputed to a minor. I short message."
She was not of age during the struggle. The Austrian Ueneral Staff announces
The Silk Stockings
must match the fancy top of
boot or shoe. This calls for in
finite variety in tones of tan,
biscuit, mode, pearl, gray
as well as the more decided
Our hosiery stock is notably
excellent in this service.
Vf5? 1420 Chestnut St.
"Whernly the but I good enough."
EVENING- LEDGERPHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, OGTOBER
BELGIANS DESTROYING THEIR HOMES NEAR ANTWERP SO AS NOT TO IMPEDE USE
CZAR'S GUNS POUND
AT PRZEMYSL FORTS;
CITY IS IN DANGER
Annihilation of 3000 Aus
trians in Attempts to Es
cape From Beleaguered
PETROGRAD, Oct. 16.
Thp War Office has Issued the following
statement concerning operations In
"Russian troops aro subjecting the Aus
trian stronghold at Przomysl to a cease
less bombardment. The Incessant Are of
our troops Is having a demoralizing effect
on the Austrian garrisons. Many of tho
Austrlons are deserting and arriving daily
at the Russian camp.
"On Wednesday 3000 Auatrlans at
tempted a sortie from the city. One of
the Russian regiments, perceiving the
movement, allowed the enemy to ap
proach within easy range, and then
opened (Ire on the Austrlans with
mitrailleuses. The Austrlans were com
"The reduction of the fortress Is only
a question of days."
(The Austrian olllclnl statement Issued
nt Vienna claimed that tho Russian
slog of nrzemyel had heen lifted; that
th Russians had been driven back and
thut tin- city was no longer In danger
WASHINGTON, Oct. 16.
In a battle which Is still raging to the
south of Pnsemysl, a column of Russians
defeated the Austrlans and made 5(0 pris
oners. Including sown officer, and cap
tured somo machine guns. This informa
tion was received today by Colonel Golo
jeuakl, military attache tn the Russian
Kmbasay. The dispatch follows:
"In Knstern Prussia, on the Vistula, and
on the San, the situation remains un
changed. To the south of Pjzemysl the
battle continues. One of our columns In
flicted a defeat on the Austrlans, taking
seven officers and EO0 men prisoners. Ma
chine guns also were captured."
SCORNS DEMAND TO YIELD
Sends Back Bearer of White Flag
With Curt Befusal.
VIENNA. Oct. 11.
A Russian demand for the surrender
of the Austrian fortress at Przemysl has
been rejected. The following account of
the Russian general's demand nnd Its
that the fortified heights of Starasol, In
Gnllcla, have been occupied.
Austrian attacks against Styr and
Sambor have also been successful.
Austrian forces have also occupied tho
heights southeast of Przemysl, north of
tho River Strwlnz.
Austrian forces arc slowly hut surely
forcing tho Russians back through tho
Carpathlnns, It Is announced,
FRENCH APPROACH METZ;
SIEGE EXPECTED SOON
Strongest Fortresses in Germany
LONDON, Oct. 16.
A nev3 agency dispatch from Paris
says that the French are pressing toward
Jletz from two directions and that they
hope to lay siege to the city within a
Metz Is surrounded by a circle of the
strongest fortresses In the German Um
pire. The advance guard of the French forces
Is only about 12 miles from tho outer
camps of Metz.
It Is believed that the French have
not guns of sufficient calibre .at the
eastern front to attempt to reduce the
MEXICAN WOMAN SHOT
Had Taken Itefuge on American Soil
During Fight nt Naco.
NACO, Oct. It! A Mexican woman who
had taken refuge on the United States
side of the border was shot and seriously
wounded early today during fighting be
tween the Villa forcps under General
Maytorona and Carranza adherents under
General Benjamin Hill, ncor Naco,
Sonora, Just over the line.
Two shells fell upon American soil near
United States troops, but failed to ex
plode. EVERY AID TO COTTON FUND
Washington Officials Working for
Success of Undertaking.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 10. "The report
that the Federal Reserve Board has ex
ptessed doubt of Its power to administer
the proposed JlSO.OOO.OflO cotton fund if it
should be raised Is entirely Incorrect,"
declared Secretary of the Treasury Me
Adoo In a statement today.
"The Federal Reserve Board and the
Secretary of the Treasury are doing
everything possible to help raise this fund
and will lend every possible assistance
In Its administration If the effort to se
cure it Is successful. It cannot bo stated
loo emphatically that the disposition of
everybody here Is to do everything within
the limits of human power to help the
MURDERER DECLARED INSANE
LONDON. Oct. 16. Found guilty of
murdering his wife. Charles Henry Wes
ton, formerly of Salem, MasB., was to
day declared Insane and ordered com
mitted to an asylum.
Wefcton's wife was found In her home
on September 22 with her throat cut.
She lived long enough to say the wound
was Inflicted by her husband.
BIDDLE CO. .
The standard of mis House
isperfection-in both design
Magnitude of collection most
Important "with consistent
SWISS VILLAGE SUFFERS
FROM COMBATANTS' SHELLS
French nnd Germans Again Waging
Artillery Duels in Alsace.
GENEVA. Oct. 16.
During an artillery duel between Ger
mans nnd French, near Pfetterhausen, In
southern Alsace, ten shells fell upon
Swiss soil, doing considerable damage In
tho village of Largln, near Bonfel, ac
cording to Information received here to
day. In the fighting which occurred ycB
terday tho Germans arc reported to hnvc
lost between 600 and MO men. The
casualties of the French are not known.
JAPANESE SHIPS BATTER
FORTRESSES AT TSING-TA0
British Aid in Bombardment One
TOKIO, Oct. 16.
It Is officially announced that both
British and Japanese warships are bom
barding the German forts at litis and
Hul-Chan In the German leasehold of
Bombs from aeroplanes havo destroyed
part of the battorles at the forts.
At tho tlmo official announcement was
made one British seaman had been killed
by tho German flra and two others
PEKIN. Oct. 16.
News has been received from Che-Foo,
on the Shan Tung Peninsula, to the ef
fect that all non-combatants, Including
the United States Consul, aro leaving
Tslng-Tao, the port of the German lease
hold of Klao-Chau, which is under at
tack by Japanese and British.
Delegates representing the Japancso
commander nnd the Gorman Governor
General of Kalo-Cliau have arranged for
the departure of German women and chil
dren, who are already on their way to
places of safety.
AN ARMY UNDER GROUND
German Trenches Subterranean
Towns Where Thousands Live.
LONDON, Oct. 16.
Describing the German trenches O.
Ward Price, writing In the Dally Mall,
says they are very elaborate there
trenches In which, for weeks at a time,
the great host of tho German army bus
been living like a gigantlo long-drawn-out
warren of green-gray rabbits.
"They are floored, many of them with
cement," he says; "they are roofed over
with boards covered with eods that serve
both to keep out the rain and to hldo
them from French or British aeroplanes;
they are divided Into chambers, com
municating by doors. There are of
course, several lines of them. These
rearward trenches are connected with
the foremost line by rarallel passage
ways, and there are other parallels In
which machine guns are poeted to Are
over the heads of the men that line the
"A whole semi-subterranean town, In
fact, with main thoroughfares and side
streets, and telephone wires running all
along, where hundreds of thousands of
men eat and live and sleep, and yet
so well concealed that from e little way
down the hill In front you see nothing
to tell you of Its existence unless It were
a hardly noticeable little bank of earth
raised slightly abovo the surface of the
OF BIG DEFENSE GUNS
ROUT BOER REBELS
IN FIRST SKIRMISH
Leaders of South African
Revolution Arrested and
Reports Say Disturbance Is
CAPE TOWN, Oct. II.
The first encounter between the rebel
lious Boers and the Loyalists has resulted
In victory for the latter.
A force of South African native troops,
under tho command of Colonel Brltls,
sent against the rebels, defeated a band
of them and took 80 prisoners.
Secret arrests of Boers nnd otliors sus
pected of having nntl-Britlsh sympathies
continue. Premier Botha reports that nil
vestiges of rebellion nro being stamped
out and that the nrmy Is loyal.
A correspondent with Brigadier Ocncrnl
I.uklns, lender of tho British forces sent
against German Southwest Africa, sends
the following report of operations:
"Tho Germans have withdrawn Into tho
Interior, lonvlng a belt about GO miles
wide of sheer desert between our enmp
and theirs. They hove polluted water
holes. The week of October 10 waa marked
by numerous sharp encounters between
their patrols and ours. About half a
dozen Germans were captured.
"Vhe prisoners stated that a number of
their wounded wero lying In tho hills
dying of thurst. They feared to surrender
because they had been warned that the
British would execute them summarily.
The British expeditionary force numbered
200 men, with two pieces of light artillery
Olid two Maxims. The Gorman force
consists of between 1500 and 30 men,
with ten pieces and six Maxima. It In
Impossible to give the enemy's Inw.ios, but
the Impression Is that they have had
about 25 killed."
NUBSES ARRIVE AT VIENNA
VIENNA. Oct. 16. Two detnehments of
the American lied Cross have Just ar
rived In Vienna. Onn proceeded to Hun
gary, where fighting is In progress, and
the other will remain here.
The biggest department stores
in the country are using the
L. B. (Automatic Index"
method of filing.
Ye, and many of the smaller stores In
small cities are using it, too.
They have installed the L. B, "Automatic
Index" because it provides an automatic
check against errors in filing. Then, too, it is
wonderfully quick quick in! quick out I
Some of these stores bought entirely new
filing equipment cabinets, guide cards
and folders. Others bought guide cards and
folders only, using their old cabinets.
Department stores particularly the credit
departments need to be in a position to put
their fingers on credit data, letters, etc., at
a moment's notice.
No other method of locating information is
as speedy as the L. B. "Automatic Index."
"Vertical Filing," a 64-page book, describes
it in detail. Your copy is ready.
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Cud and filing systems. Unit cabinets In wood and steel.
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MILLIONS GRMTIijE "
AS GERMANS PRESS
WAY INTO POLAND
Four Mighty Columns
Sweeping Toward War
saw Faced Along Vistula
by Aggressive Russians.
PARIS, Oct. II.
The Austro-German army which Is niov.
Ing against the Itusslan grand army la
Poland consist of four mighty columns
of nearly 1,000,000 men, according to
Petrograd dispatch to the Matin today,
Following Is tho text!
"Four columns, Including one of Aui.
trlan troops, nro marching against the
Biisslans. The first Is moving by the
way of Lodz against Warsaw; the second
toward Bandomlr; tho third against Ivan,
gorod, nnd tho fourth (made up of Aus.
trlan troops) nlong the Vistula. There
aro 20 German nrmy corps and eight
Austrlnn nrmy corps In the advenes.
Against these forces more than 1,000,00
Russians aro under arms.
"Tho battle Is expected to last forsev.
oral weeks, but furious fighting Is al
ready under way. The Germans hava
suffered one reverse. On Tuesday th
Russians encountered three or four Ger
many nrmy corps between Warsaw and
Ivangorod. The Germans were put to
Might nnd left a number of guns and a
quantity of munitions behind. The re
treat was hindered by swampy ground,
and tho Russians wero able to Inflict
Ludovlc Nnudcau, war correspondent of
the Paris Journal, with tho left wing of
the Russian army, telegraphs as follows;
"Tho fighting In Galicia Is now of
secondary Importance. All eyes ar
turned to the great battle on tho Vistula.
As I write a huge procession of prli
oners nnd wounded is passing to tha
rear. I am told that an engagement
has boon fought near Ivangorod, a great
Polish fortress, 70 tmllcs southeast of
Warsaw. This may be considered the
beginning of a battle which may last
for many days. I have no exact Informa
tion n3 to tlic number of German troops
In Poland, but every one believes that the
Kaiser has the principal moss of his
armed men In France.
"The Russian generals are full of con
fidence, nnd tho morale of the troops
Is good. The Bulgarian General Radko
llmitrl'ff, tho 'hero of Lulo Burges' has
Issued u proclamation to his troops, de
claring that the Slavs will be victorious.
"Tlie Russians are preparing to as
sume the offensive on n great scale, and
It look as though lighting will be con
tinuous until cold weather puts an end
to It or until the German lines are
(The mention of General Dimltrleff in
this dispatch contradicts recent reports
In the oftcct that tho Bulgarian general
had been, fatally woundctl.)
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CADILLAC 6-papsenger Touring car
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1911 7-paanenger CIIADWICK rerfect
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